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News: Cast your Ballot in the 2016 Mock Election

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76  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:30:59 pm
2016 Continued

Gary Johnson NM Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S. See 2012

Bill Weld MA, NY, Republican, Libertarian Party

Descendant of Edmund Weld, who was among the earliest students, Class of 1650, at Harvard College. He would be followed by eighteen more Welds at Harvard, where two buildings are named for the family.

Descendant of General Stephen Minot Weld Jr, who fought with distinction in many major battles of the U.S. Civil War

Son of Mary Nichols Weld, who was a descendant of William Floyd, who was a signer of the Declaration of Independence

Weld's first wife, Susan Roosevelt Weld, was General Counsel to the Congressional-Executive Commission on China, and is a great granddaughter of Theodore Roosevelt

Weld's second wife, Leslie Marshall, is a former daughter-in-law of Ben Bradlee of The Washington Post

1966 Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree Summa Cum Laude in economics from Harvard College

Studied economics at University College, Oxford

1970 Graduated with a Juris Doctor cum laude from Harvard Law School

1974 A counsel with the House Judiciary Committee during the Watergate impeachment inquiry, where one of his colleagues was Hillary Rodham

1978 Republican candidate for Massachusetts Attorney General, lost

1981-1986 United States Attorney for the District of Massachusetts

1986-1988 United States Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division

Jan 3 1991-Jul 29 1997 Governor Massachusetts, elected 1990, reelected 1994

1996 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate Massachusetts, lost to Democratic incumbent Senator John Kerry

Jul 1997 Was nominated to become United States Ambassador to Mexico by President Bill Clinton, but his nomination stalled after Senate Foreign Relations committee Chairman, Republican Jesse Helms, refused to hold a hearing on the nomination

Jul 29 1997 Resigned as Governor of Massachusetts to devote full attention to campaigning for the ambassadorship, even though few thought he would be successful

Sep 15 1997 Withdrew nomination as Ambassador to Mexico

Is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations

Co-chaired the Independent Task Force on North America under the Council on Foreign Relations, which studied the liberalization of markets and free trade between the United States, Canada, and Mexico

2000 Moved to New York

2004 During the reelection campaign of President George W. Bush, Weld helped Bush prepare for the Presidential debates against Democratic Presidential nominee John Kerry

Aug 19 2005 Officially announced candidacy for Governor of New York, seeking to become the second person after Sam Houston to serve as Governor of two different U.S. states.  Houston served as Governor of Tennessee 1827-1829 and as Governor of Texas 1859-1861.

Apr 29 2006 Received Libertarian Party nomination for Governor New York

Jun 1 2006 Failed to win Republican Party nomination for Governor New York

Jun 2 2006 Withdrew from the race for Governor New York

Feb 27, 28 2007 Passed the New York State Bar examination, was admitted to practice law in the State of New York in 2008

Jan 8 2007 Publicly endorsed Mitt Romney for President U.S.

Served as co-chairman for Romney's campaign in New York State

Was also active in campaigning for Romney in New Hampshire

2008 Endorsed Barack Obama over John McCain for President U.S.

2012 Endorsed Mitt Romney for President U.S.

2016 Endorsed Ohio Governor John Kasich for 2016 Republican nomination for President U.S.

May 18 2016 Chosen to be the running mate for Vice President U.S. of former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson, on the Libertarian Party ticket

May 29 2016 Formally nominated and accepted as the Libertarian Party's nominee for Vice President U.S.

2016 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gary Johnson, lost

77  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:30:02 pm
2016 Continued

Tim Kaine VA Democratic

Husband of Anne Holton, After graduation from Harvard Law School served as a law clerk for Judge Robert R. Merhige, Jr of the Richmond-based United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia 1983-1985, an attorney for the Central Virginia Legal Aid Society 1985-1998, Judge on the Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court for the City of Richmond 1998-2005, Chief Judge of the court 2000-2003, resigned from the bench following her husband's election as Governor Virginia in Dec 2005, Secretary of Education Virginia assumed office 2014

Son In Law of A. Linwood Holton Jr, A Republican, unsuccessful candidate for Governor Virginia 1965, Governor Virginia 1970-1974, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Relations, (later renamed U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs) 1974-1975, unsuccessful candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. Senate Virginia 1978   

1979 Received Bachelor of Arts degree in economics from the University of Missouri, completing his degree in three years

1978 A Coro Foundation fellow in Kansas City

Coro is an American non-partisan, non-profit organization best known for its fellowship program dedicated to teaching skills useful in leadership in public affairs to young adults

Attended Harvard Law School, taking a break during law school to work with the Jesuit Volunteer Corps in Honduras. Worked in Honduras for nine months 1980-1981, helping Jesuit missionaries who ran a Catholic school in El Progreso

Is fluent in Spanish as a result of his time in Honduras

1983 Graduated from Harvard Law School with a Juris Doctor degree

1984 Admitted to Virginia Bar

Practiced law in Richmond for 17 years, specializing in fair housing law and representing clients discriminated against on the basis of race or disability

A board member of the Virginia chapter of Housing Opportunities Made Equal

Did regular pro bono work

An adjunct professor at the University of Richmond School of Law for six years, teaching legal ethics

A founding member of the Virginia Coalition to End Homelessness

1994-1998 Member City Council city of Richmond, Virginia

Jul 1 1998-Sep 10 2001 Mayor city of Richmond, Virginia

Was chosen  as Mayor by a majority-black City Council, becoming the city's first white Mayor in more than ten years

Until 2004, the Mayor of Richmond was chosen by the City Council from among its membership. Under the present system, the Mayor is chosen by popular vote. Previous Mayors had treated the role as primarily a ceremonial one, with the City Manager effectively operating the city. Kaine treated the office of Mayor as a full-time job, taking a more hands-on role.

Jan 12 2002-Jan 14 2006 Lieutenant Governor Virginia

Jan 14 2006-Jan 16 2010 Governor Virginia

Jan 31 2006 Gave the Democratic Party response to President George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union address

Jan 21 2009-Apr 5 2011 Chair of Democratic National Committee

Jan 3 2013 Assumed office U.S. Senate Virginia

Jul 22 2016 Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton announced that she had selected Kaine as her Vice Presidential running mate in the 2016 Presidential election

Jul 27 2016 Officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for Vice President U.S. as voted on at the Democratic National Convention     

2016 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Hillary Clinton, lost
78  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:29:37 pm
2016 Continued

Hillary Clinton NY Republican Before 1968, Democratic 1968-Present

Wife of Bill Clinton, Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives AR, defeated 1974, Attorney General AR 1977-1979, Governor AR 1979-1981, Candidate for reelection Governor AR, defeated 1980, Governor AR 1983-1992, 42nd President U.S. 1993-2001

Sister of Hugh Rodham, Became investigator for Public Defender Dade County, FL 1980,
became Assistant Public Defender Dade County, FL 1989

Raised in a politically conservative household

1960 At age thirteen helped canvass South Side Chicago following the very close U.S. Presidential election, where she found evidence of electoral fraud against Republican candidate Richard Nixon

1964 Volunteered to campaign for Republican candidate Barry Goldwater in U.S. Presidential election.  Became a "Goldwater Girl" during the campaign.

Early political development was shaped most by her high school history teacher, like her father, a fervent anticommunist, who introduced her to Goldwater's The Conscience of a Conservative, and by her Methodist youth minister, like her mother, concerned with issues of social justice, with whom she saw and met civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. in Chicago in 1962

1965 Enrolled at Wellesley College

Majored in political science. During her freshman year, served as president of Wellesley Young Republicans. With this Rockefeller Republican-oriented group, supported the elections of John Lindsay and Edward Brooke. Later stepped down from this position, as her views changed regarding the American Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War.

In junior year, became a supporter of the antiwar Presidential nomination campaign of Democrat Eugene McCarthy. Following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., organized a two-day student strike and worked with Wellesley's black students to recruit more black students and faculty.

Early 1968 Elected president of the Wellesley College Government Association and served through early 1969.  A number of her fellow students thought she might some day become the first female President of the United States.

Professor Alan Schechter assigned Rodham to intern at the House Republican Conference, and she attended the "Wellesley in Washington" summer program. Was invited by moderate New York Republican Representative Charles Goodell to help Governor Nelson Rockefeller's late-entry campaign for the 1968 Republican Presidential nomination. Attended the 1968 Republican National Convention in Miami. However, was upset by the way Richard Nixon's campaign portrayed Rockefeller and by what she perceived as the convention's "veiled" racist messages, and left the Republican Party for good.

1969 Graduated from Wellesley College with a Bachelor of Arts degree, with departmental honors in political science. After some fellow seniors requested that the college administration allow a student speaker at commencement, Rodham became the first student in Wellesley College history to speak at the event, following commencement speaker Senator Brooke.

1969 Entered Yale University Law School

Served on the editorial board of the Yale Review of Law and Social Action. During second year, worked at the Yale Child Study Center, learning about new research on early childhood brain development.

Summer 1970 Was awarded a grant to work at Marian Wright Edelman's Washington Research Project, where she was assigned to Senator Walter Mondale's Subcommittee on Migratory Labor

1971 Began dating Bill Clinton, also a law student at Yale

Summer 1971 Interned at the Oakland, California, law firm of Treuhaft, Walker and Burnstein. The firm was well known for its support of constitutional rights, civil liberties, and radical causes. Two of its four partners were current or former Communist Party members.

Summer 1972 Rodham and Clinton campaigned in Texas for unsuccessful 1972 Democratic Presidential candidate George McGovern

1973 Graduated from Yale University Law School with a Juris Doctor degree

1973  Failed Washington DC bar exam

1973 Passed Arkansas bar exam

Began a year of postgraduate study on children and medicine at the Yale Child Study Center

During her postgraduate study, Rodham served as staff attorney for Edelman's newly founded Children's Defense Fund in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and as a consultant to the Carnegie Council on Children

1974 Was a member of the impeachment inquiry staff in Washington, D.C., advising the House Committee on the Judiciary during the Watergate scandal. Under the guidance of Chief Counsel John Doar and senior member Bernard Nussbaum, Rodham helped research procedures of impeachment and the historical grounds and standards for impeachment. The committee's work culminated in the resignation of President Richard Nixon in August 1974.

By then, Rodham was viewed as someone with a bright political future. Democratic political organizer and consultant Betsey Wright had moved from Texas to Washington the previous year to help guide her career, and Wright thought Rodham had the potential to become a future Senator or President.

After failing the Washington DC bar exam, she followed Bill Clinton to Arkansas, rather than staying in Washington where career prospects were brighter. He was then teaching law and running, unsuccessfully as it would turn out, for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas.

In August 1974, Rodham moved to Fayetteville, Arkansas, and became one of only two female faculty members in the School of Law at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. She gave classes in criminal law, where she was considered a rigorous teacher and tough grader, and was the first director of the school's legal aid clinic.

1975 Married Bill Clinton

1976 Campaign director of field operations in Indiana for Jimmy Carter's Presidential election campaign

1977 Joined the venerable Rose Law Firm, a bastion of Arkansan political and economic influence. Specialized in patent infringement and intellectual property law while also working pro bono in child advocacy, rarely performed litigation work in court.

1977 President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the board of directors of the Legal Services Corporation, and served in that capacity from 1978 until the end of 1981. From mid-1978 to mid-1980, she served as the chair of that board, the first woman to do so.

Husband Bill Clinton Attorney General AR 1977-1979

Husband Bill Clinton Governor AR 1979-1981

Husband Bill Clinton defeated in bid for reelection Governor AR 1980

Husband Bill Clinton Governor AR 1983-1992

Jan 9 1979-Jan 19 1981 Hillary Clinton First Lady AR

Jan 11 1983-Dec 12 1992 Hillary Clinton First Lady AR

1979 Became the first woman to be made a full partner of Rose Law Firm

1983 As First Lady AR, was named chair of the Arkansas Educational Standards Committee

1983 Named Arkansas Woman of the Year

1984 Named Arkansas Mother of the Year

Husband Bill Clinton President U.S. 1993-2001

Jan 20 1993-Jan 20 2001 Hillary Clinton First Lady U.S.

When Bill Clinton took office as President in January 1993, Hillary Rodham Clinton became the First Lady of the United States, and announced that she would be using that form of her name

Was the first First Lady to hold a postgraduate degree and to have her own professional career up to the time of entering the White House. She was also the first First Lady to have an office in the West Wing of the White House in addition to the usual First Lady offices in the East Wing. She was part of the innermost circle vetting appointments to the new administration and her choices filled at least eleven top-level positions and dozens more lower-level ones. She is regarded as the most openly empowered Presidential wife in American history, save for Eleanor Roosevelt.

1993 President Bill Clinton appointed First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton to head the Task Force on National Health Care Reforms

1997 Along with Senators Ted Kennedy and Orrin Hatch, was a force behind the passage of the State Children's Health Insurance Program

Worked to investigate reports of an illness that affected veterans of the Gulf War, which became known as the Gulf War syndrome

Together with Attorney General Janet Reno, helped create the Office on Violence Against Women at the Department of Justice

1997 Initiated and shepherded the Adoption and Safe Families Act, which she regarded as her greatest accomplishment as First Lady

1997 Hosted White House Conference on Child Care

1997 Hosted White House Conference on Early Childhood Development and Learning

1999 Hosted White House Conference on Philanthropy

1999 Was instrumental in the passage of the Foster Care Independence Act

2000 Hosted White House Conference on Children and Adolescents

2000 Hosted White House Conference on Teenagers

Initiated and was founding chair of the Save America's Treasures program, a national effort that matched federal funds to private donations to preserve and restore historic items and sites

Head of the White House Millennium Council and hosted Millennium Evenings, a series of lectures that discussed futures studies

Created the first White House Sculpture Garden, located in the Jacqueline Kennedy Garden, which displayed large contemporary American works of art loaned from museums

Jan 3 2001-Jan 21 2009 U.S. Senate NY

2008 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

2008 Endorsed Barack Obama and campaigned frequently for him after Obama secured the Democratic Presidential nomination

Jan 21 2009-Feb 1 2013 U.S. Secretary of State under President Barack Obama

Jun 10 2014 Launched book tour for her memoir Hard Choices

Apr 12 2015 Formally announced candidacy for Democratic nomination for President U.S. for 2016 Presidential election

Jun 6 2016 Earns enough delegates, with pledged delegates combined with super delegates, to become the presumptive Democratic nominee for President U.S.

Jun 7 2016 Earns enough pledged delegates to become the presumptive Democratic nominee for President U.S.

Becomes the first female to become the Presidential nominee of a major party

Jun 9 2016 Officially endorsed by President Barack Obama for President U.S.

Jul 26 2016 Officially becomes the Democratic Party nominee for President U.S. as voted on at the Democratic National Convention     

2016 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Donald Trump
79  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:28:35 pm
2016 Continued

Mike Pence IN Republican

Was politically influenced by the Irish Catholic leanings of his family. He grew up idolizing former President John F. Kennedy, and volunteered for the Bartholomew County Democratic Party as a high school student.

1981 Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in History from Hanover College

While church had played an important role in his early family life, he became more deeply religious as a student at Hanover College. Additionally, although he voted for Jimmy Carter in 1980, he became inspired by Ronald Reagan and the Republican Party.

1981-1983 After graduating from Hanover, worked as an admissions counselor at the college

1986 Graduated with a Juris Doctor degree from Indiana University Robert H McKinney School of Law

After graduating from law school, worked as an attorney in private practice

Became a precinct committeeman for the Marion County Republican Party

1988 Republican Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives IN, lost

1990 Republican Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives IN, lost

1991-1993 Served as president of the Indiana Policy Review Foundation,  a self-described free-market think tank and as well served as a member of the State Policy Network

Began broadcasting "The Mike Pence Show" 1992, a conservative talk radio program broadcast from Rushville, IN. The program was syndicated state-wide 1994, airing weekdays on 18 radio stations. Also hosted a Sunday morning political TV program 1995-1999.

Was unapologetic in his support of a conservative agenda, but was commended for his level-headed manner and willingness to listen to opposing views

2000 Elected to U.S. House of Representatives IN, reelected 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010

Jan 3 2001-Jan 3 2013 U.S. House of Representatives IN

Nov 8 2006 Announced his candidacy for leader of the Republican Party (Minority Leader) in the United States House of Representatives. Pence's release announcing his run for Minority Leader focused on a "return to the values" of the 1994 Republican Revolution. Nov 17, Pence lost to Representative John Boehner of Ohio.

Jan 3 2009-Jan 3 2011 Chair of the House Republican Conference, the third-highest-ranking Republican leadership position in the U.S. House of Representatives

2010 Was encouraged to run against incumbent Democratic Senator Evan Bayh for U.S. Senate IN, Pence opted not to run

May 5 2011 Announced that he would seek the Republican Party nomination for Governor IN for the 2012 election, won nomination and won election for Governor IN

Jan 14 2013-Jan 9 2017 Governor IN

Jul 15 2016 Republican Presidential candidate Donald Trump announced via twitter he had selected Mike Pence as his running mate for Vice President U.S. in the 2016 Presidential election

Jul 16 2016 Official announcement made by Republican Presidential candidate Donald Trump with Governor Mike Pence at an event in Manhattan that Pence is the Trump choice for Vice President U.S. in the 2016 Presidential election

Jul 20 2016 Officially becomes the Republican Party nominee for Vice President U.S. as voted on at the Republican National Convention  

2016 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Donald Trump, elected

Jan 20 2017 Assumed office as 48th Vice President U.S.

Second Lady of the United States Karen Pence, assumed office Jan 20 2017

An educator, teacher, artist.

Attended Butler University where she studied to become a teacher, and minored in art. Received both a Bachelor of Science and a Master of Science in elementary education from Butler University.

Has taught school at elementary and junior high school levels.

Took a class in watercolor painting. This led to a career painting portraits of houses.

Is known for dedication to promoting art as a way of healing.

Has been involved with youth-related nonprofit organizations.

80  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:28:08 pm

Donald Trump NY Democratic Before 1987, Republican 1987-1999, Reform 1999-2001, Democratic 2001-2009, Republican 2009-2011, Independent 2011-2012, Republican 2012-Present

Brother of Maryanne Trump Barry, Assistant U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey 1974-1983, Judge of the U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey 1983-1999, Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit 1999-2011

Attended Fordham University in the Bronx for two years, did not graduate

Entered the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania, as Wharton then offered one of the few real estate studies departments in U.S. academia. While there, he worked at his father's company, Elizabeth Trump & Son. Graduated from the Wharton School of Business in 1968 with a Bachelor's degree in economics.

Of interest, Evan McMullin, independent candidate for President U.S. 2016, had as well graduated from the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 2011 with a Master's of Business Administration degree

Was eligible for the draft lottery during the Vietnam War. He was not drafted due to four student deferments (2-S) while attending college, as well as a medical deferment (1-Y, later converted to 4-F) obtained in 1968 after his college graduation, prior to the lottery being initiated.


The Trump Organization

The Trump Organization is an American privately owned international conglomerate based in Trump Tower in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It serves as the principal holding company for Donald Trump's business ventures and investments. It is owned and managed by Donald Trump and three of his eldest children, Donald Trump Jr., Ivanka Trump, and Eric Trump, serving as Executive Vice Presidents within the organization.

The Trump Organization has interests in real estate development, investing, brokerage, sales and marketing, and property management. The company owns, operates, invests, and develops residential real estate, hotels, resorts, residential towers, and golf courses in different countries, as well as owning several hundred thousand square feet of prime Manhattan real estate.

It lists involvement in 515 subsidiaries and entities with 264 of them bearing Trump's name and another 54 including his initials. With investments within the United States and globally, The Trump Organization spans a wide variety of industries including real estate, construction, hospitality, entertainment, book and magazine publishing, media, model management, retail, financial services, board game development, food and beverages, business education, online travel, airlines, helicopter air services and beauty pageants.

It owns a New York television production company that produces television programs including the reality television program, The Apprentice. The Miss Universe Organization is also owned by the Trump Organization and together with the National Broadcasting Company it produces the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss Teen USA pageants.

Furthermore, the company engages in retailing providing fashion apparel, home furnishings, jewelry and accessories, books, chocolate bars, furniture, lighting products, bath textiles and accessories, bedding and home fragrance products, small leather goods, crystal stemware, barware and gifts, and bottled spring water.

The Trump Organization has divested a number of properties that continue to bear the Trump name.

Origin of Elizabeth Trump & Son

Elizabeth Christ Trump, grandmother of Donald Trump, founded Elizabeth Trump & Son in 1923 with her son Fred Trump who was 18 at the time. Elizabeth and her husband Frederick Trump had moved to the borough of Queens, NY in 1906 where her husband began developing real estate. In 1918, however, he died of influenza leaving an estate valued at $31,359 ($492,016 in 2016 dollars).

Elizabeth had a “remarkable talent” for keeping the real estate business going after her husband's death. She had a local contractor build houses on an empty piece of property they owned, sold the houses, and lived off the mortgages paid by the new owners. Her vision was to have her three children continue the family business when they finished school, but her middle son Fred, wanted to start earlier. She founded the company “Elizabeth Trump & Son” to give him his start. Since he was under age, she signed all legal documents. Fred became quite successful with the business but Elizabeth would remain involved throughout her life. Even in her 70's she would collect coins from the laundromats in Trump buildings.

Leadership under Donald Trump

Donald Trump worked for Elizabeth Trump & Son while attending the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1968 officially joined the company. He was given control of the company in 1971 and later renamed it The Trump Organization.

Real estate holdings

As of 2015, it is estimated that Trump's real estate holdings were worth about US$3.5 billion with a value of commercial properties totaled at US$1.3 billion, his residential properties at US$410 million, and his club facilities at US$866 million, and an additional US$940 million for properties he has less than 100 percent stake in. Trump's real estate holdings form the core of his assets and provide much of his income, with a wide array of real estate licensing, branding and marketing deals and royalties that provide millions in annual cash flow. In 2015, Trump earned $71 million from condo sales and collects $41.9 million in rental income on his buildings annually.


Unlike past Presidential candidates, Trump has never publicly verified his income claims by releasing his tax returns

Trump has described his political leanings and positions in various, sometimes contradictory ways over time. Politico has described his positions as "eclectic, improvisational and often contradictory."

A 2011 report by the Center for Responsive Politics showed that over the previous two decades of U.S. elections, Donald Trump made contributions to campaigns of both Republican Party and Democratic Party candidates, with the top 10 recipients of his political contributions being six Democrats and four Republicans. After 2011, his campaign contributions were more favorable to Republicans than to Democrats.

Trump was an early supporter of Republican Ronald Reagan for President, and in February 2012 endorsed Republican Mitt Romney for President. When asked in 2015 which recent President was best, Trump picked Democrat Bill Clinton over Republicans George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. The Clintons' foundation has received between $100,000 and $250,000 from Trump, and they attended Trump's 2005 wedding reception. Trump wrote in 2008 that Hillary Clinton would be a "great President or Vice President."

Trump's party affiliation has changed over the years. Until 1987, he was a Democrat, then he was a Republican from 1987 to 1999. He then switched to the Reform Party from 1999 to 2001.  From 2001 to 2009 he was a Democrat again. He switched to the Republican Party again from 2009 to 2011. An independent from 2011 to 2012, he returned to the Republican Party in 2012, where he has remained.

Trump floated the idea of running for President in 1988, 2004, and 2012, and for Governor of New York in 2006 and 2014, but did not enter those races. He was considered as a potential running mate as the candidate for Vice President with George H. W. Bush on the Republican Party's 1988 Presidential ticket, but lost out to future Vice President Dan Quayle. There is dispute over whether Trump or the Bush camp made the initial pitch. In 1999, Trump filed an exploratory committee to seek the Presidential nomination of the Reform Party in 2000.

Apr 2011, Questioned President Barack Obama's proof of citizenship

May 16, 2011, Announced he would not run for President in 2012

Feb 2 2012, Endorsed Mitt Romney for President U.S.  

Mar 15 2013, Was a featured speaker at the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). The speech was not well attended.

Spent over $1 million to research a possible run for President U.S.

Oct 2013, New York Republicans had circulated a memo suggesting Trump should run for Governor of the state in 2014, against Governor Andrew Cuomo. Trump said that while New York had problems and taxes were too high, running for Governor was not of great interest to him.

Feb 2015, Opted not to renew his television contract for the reality game show The Apprentice, generating speculation that he might run for President in 2016

Jun 16 2015, Announced his candidacy for the Republican nomination for President U.S. at Trump Tower in New York City

May 3 2016, After winning the Indiana Republican primary and  Texas Senator Ted Cruz's subsequent withdrawal from the race, Trump was declared the presumptive Republican nominee for President of the United States for the Republican Party by Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus

May 26 2016, Reached the number of delegates needed to clinch the Republican Party nomination for President U.S.

Jul 19 2016 Officially becomes the Republican Party nominee for President U.S. as voted on at the Republican National Convention  

2016 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Jan 20 2017 Assumed office as 45th President U.S.

In attendance at the Presidential inauguration with incoming President Donald Trump, incoming First Lady Melania Trump, outgoing President Barack Obama, outgoing First Lady Michelle Obama,  incoming Vice President Mike Pence, incoming Second Lady Karen Pence, outgoing Vice President Joe Biden, outgoing Second Lady Jill Biden, were former President George W Bush, former First Lady Laura Bush, former President Bill Clinton, former First Lady Hillary Clinton, former President Jimmy Carter, former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, former Vice President Dick Cheney, former Second Lady Lynne Cheney, former Vice President Dan Quayle, former Second Lady Marilyn Quayle

First Lady of the United States Melania Trump, assumed office Jan 20 2017

Born in Slovenia.  

Is the first foreign born woman to hold the position of First Lady since Louisa Adams, the British born wife of John Quincy Adams who served from 1825 to 1829.

Attended the Secondary School of Design and Photography in Ljubljana and studied at the University of Ljubljana for one year before dropping out.

Became a successful fashion model.

Obtained a green card and became a lawful permanent U.S. resident in 2001. Obtained U.S. citizenship in 2006.

Fluent in five languages, Slovenian
81  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:27:38 pm
2012 Continued

Roseanne Barr HA Peace and Freedom Party

Actress, comedian, writer, television producer, director

Early 2012 Announced her candidacy for the Presidential nomination of the Green Party. Lost the nomination to Jill Stein. She then sought the Presidential nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party, which she won on August 4, 2012

2012 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

Cindy Sheehan CA Peace and Freedom Party

Graduated with honors from Cerritos College and studied history at UCLA. Worked as a youth minister at St. Mary's Catholic Church in Vacaville, California for eight years, and also coordinated an after-school program for at-risk middle school children for the City of Vacaville.

An antiwar activist whose son, U.S. Army Specialist Casey Sheehan, was killed by enemy action during the Iraq War. She attracted national and international media attention in August 2005 for her extended antiwar protest at a makeshift camp outside President George W. Bush's Texas ranch—a stand that drew both passionate support and angry criticism.

Is a vocal critic of President Barack Obama's foreign policy

Her memoir, Peace Mom: A Mother's Journey Through Heartache to Activism, was published in 2006

2008 Ran unsuccessfully for U.S. House of Representatives CA

2012 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Roseanne Barr, lost

Has announced her candidacy for the 2014 election for Governor of California

2014 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Governor CA, lost

Rocky Anderson UT Democratic, Justice Party

Studied ethics, political philosophy, and religious philosophy at the University of Utah

He also explored theological issues in depth and determined that the best course for him was to intensely consider ethical choices, then set certain moral guideposts for his life, and focus on trying to live accordingly, without regard to the doctrines of any organized religion

1973 Graduated from University of Utah with a bachelor's degree in philosophy, graduating magna cum laude

1978 Graduated, with honors, from George Washington University Law School, attaining a J.D. degree

While he was practicing law, opposed the Reagan Administration's efforts to overthrow the government in Nicaragua and some of the Administration's other policies relating to Latin America

1996 Democratic Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives UT, lost

Jan 3 2000-Jan 7 2008 Mayor Salt Lake City, UT

Chose not to run for a third term for Mayor Salt Lake City in order to be able to push for reforms of U.S. human rights policies and practices through grassroots organizing

Worked with Mitt Romney in leading Salt Lake City through the 2002 Winter Olympics

One of Anderson’s key achievements was working effectively with the Utah State Legislature and Mitt Romney in making certain that public safety needs would be adequately financed

2002 Anderson endorsed Romney's gubernatorial bid in Massachusetts

Romney later endorsed Anderson’s 2003 mayoral re-election campaign

2012 Justice Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

Louis J Rodriguez CA Justice Party

During the 1960s and 1970s,  was an active gang member.  Participated in the Chicano Movement, and joined the 1968 East L.A. walkouts and took part in the August 31, 1970 Chicano Moratorium against the Vietnam War.

1972 Led school walkouts and became president of To Help Mexican American Students (TOHMAS)

Later attended California State University, Los Angeles briefly from 1972–1973, becoming a member of the Chicano activist group MEChA, but eventually dropped out

1972 Began to dedicate himself to community organizing

Also focused on political study and organization, including running for Los Angeles School Board in 1977
At the same time helped with various gang peace truces and urban peace efforts throughout the L.A. area

1980 Began attending night school at East Los Angeles College, and working as a photographer for several area publications.  Began a career as a writer

2011 Became a cofounder of the Network for Revolutionary Change in Chicago, dedicated to bringing together revolutionary leaders, thinkers, and activists from throughout the United States to plan, strategize, and organize social justice, equity, and peace through cooperation, imagination, and meaningful actions.

2012 Justice Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Rocky Anderson, lost

2014 Was endorsed by the Green Party of California to be its candidate for Governor in the "Top Two" primary election. It was the first California Governor's race using the new top two system in which the top two vote-getters advance to November's general election, regardless of party.  He came in eighth and did not advance to the November election.

Tom Hoefling IA America's Party, Republican

Founder and national chairman of America's Party

Served as political director for Alan Keyes' political group America's Revival as well as a representative for the American Conservative Coalition

2012 America's Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

2013 Announced his bid for the Republican nomination for Governor of Iowa in the 2014 election, lost

Jonathan D Ellis TN America's Party

2012 America's Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Tom Hoefling, lost

82  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:26:55 pm
2012 Continued

Virgil Goode VA Democratic Before 2000, Independent 2000-2002, Republican 2002-2010, Constitution Party 2010-Present

Graduated with a B.A. from the University of Richmond and with a J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law

1969-1975 Served in the United States Army National Guard

1973 Won a special election to the VA State Senate as an independent. Soon after being elected he joined the Democrats.

An enthusiastic supporter of L. Douglas Wilder, who later became the first elected black Governor in the history of the United States. At the Democratic Party's state political convention in 1985, Goode nominated Wilder for Lieutenant Governor.

1973-1997 VA State Senate

1982 Candidate for Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate VA, lost

1994 Candidate for Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate VA, lost

1996 Democratic candidate for U.S. House of Representatives VA, elected.  Reelected 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006. Defeated 2008.

Jan 3 1997-Jan 3 2009 U.S. House of Representatives VA

Jul 2009  Announced that he would not seek the Republican nomination for the House seat in 2010

Nov 2010 Joined the executive committee of the Constitution Party, having previously been a member of the party's larger national committee

Jun 2011 Told the Roanoke Times that he would consider running for the party's Presidential nomination

Feb 10 2012 Filed with the Federal Election Commission (FEC) as a Presidential candidate

Feb 16 2012 Told the Daily Caller that he was running for the Constitution Party Presidential nomination

Apr 21 2012 Selected as the party's Presidential nominee

2012 Constitution Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

Jim Clymer PA Libertarian Party, Constitution Party

Earned a law degree

1978 Admitted to the Bar in Pennsylvania

1986 Appointed Chairman of the Bob Smith for Senate Committee

1992 Joined the Libertarian Party

1992 Libertarian Party candidate for Auditor General PA, lost

1994 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor PA, lost

1998 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor PA, lost

2004 Constitution Party candidate for U.S. Senate PA, lost

Later ran for Lancaster County, Pennsylvania Commissioner, lost

1999-2012 Chairman of the Constitution Party

At the 2012 Constitution Party National Convention, was selected as the candidate for Vice President

2012 Constitution Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Virgil Goode, lost
83  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:26:31 pm
2012 Continued

Jill Stein MA Green Party


1970s Studied psychology, sociology, and anthropology at Harvard University, earning undergraduate degree

1979 Graduated Harvard Medical School

Since 1998 Has served on the boards of Greater Boston Physicians for Social Responsibility and help found the Massachusetts Coalition for Healthy Communities

Serves on the board of MassVoters for Fair Elections

Founded and served as co-chair of a local recycling committee in Lexington, MA that was approved by the Board of Selectmen

Developed a "Healthy People, Healthy Planet" teaching program

Co-authored two published reports on health and the environment, In Harm's Way: Toxic Threats to Child Development, published in 2000, and Environmental Threats to Healthy Aging, published in 2009

Has testified before numerous legislative panels as well as local and state governmental bodies

Was active in the effort to get the Massachusetts fish advisories updated to better protect women and children from mercury contamination

Helped lead the successful campaign to clean up the "Filthy Five" coal plants in Massachusetts, an effort that resulted in getting coal plant regulations signed into law

Her testimony on the effects of mercury and dioxin contamination from the burning of waste helped preserve the Massachusetts moratorium on new trash incinerator construction in the state

2008 Helped formulate a "Secure Green Future" ballot initiative that called upon legislators to accelerate efforts to move the Massachusetts economy to renewable energy and make development of green jobs a priority

An advocate for campaign finance reform. Worked to help pass the Clean Election Law, later repealed by the Massachusetts Legislature on an unrecorded voice vote.

Her environmental work has won her many awards, including Clean Water Action's Not in Anyone's Backyard Award, Children's Health Hero Award, and the Toxic Action Center's Citizen Award

20002 Green-Rainbow Party candidate for Governor MA, lost

2004 MA State House of Representatives candidate, lost

2005-2011 Town of Lexington MA Town Meeting Representative

2006 Green-Rainbow Party candidate for MA Secretary of the Commonwealth, lost

2010 Candidate for Governor MA, lost

Aug 2011 Indicated she was considering running for President of the United States with the Green Party in the 2012 election

Oct 24 2011 Launched her campaign for President U.S.

Jul 14 2012 Received the official Presidential nomination of the Green Party at its nominating convention

2012 Green Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

Feb 6 2015 Announced the formation of an exploratory committee in preparation for a potential campaign for the Green Party's Presidential nomination for 2016

Jun 22 2015 Formally announced her candidacy for the Green Party's 2016 Presidential nomination

Aug 1 2016 Chose human rights activist Ajamu Baraka as her running mate for Vice President U.S. after former Ohio State Senator Nina Turner reportedly declined

Aug 6 2016 Formally nominated as Green Party candidate for President U.S. with Ajamu Baraka for Vice President U.S.

2016 Green Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Donald Trump

Cheri Honkala PA Green Party

Anti-poverty advocate

For the past 25 years has been a leading advocate for the poor and homeless in America

While living in Minnesota, she formed the Twin Cities anti-poverty groups "Women, Work and Welfare" and "Up and Out of Poverty Now"

1991 In Philadelphia, she co-founded the Kensington Welfare Rights Union (KWRU) and the Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign (PPEHRC)

She has organized numerous protests, holding marches, demonstrations and setting up tent cities, in the course of which activities she claims to have been arrested for civil disobedience violations more than 200 times

She is known internationally for her work advocating for the rights of poor people in the United States, and has received recognition in numerous publications for her role in bringing attention to issues such as homelessness and home foreclosures and has been called "the protester's protester"

Currently based in Philadelphia, she has devoted most of her attention to the rise in home evictions among lower income families

Late 1990s Started another nonprofit, the Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign, of which she became National Coordinator

The PPEHRC represents "a network of over 40 poor people's organizations from across the U.S."

The organization's mission statement reads, "The Poor People's Economic Human Rights
Campaign is committed to uniting the poor across color lines as the leadership base for a broad movement to abolish poverty. We work to accomplish this through advancing economic human rights as named in the universal declaration of human rights — such as the rights to food, housing, health, education, communication and a living wage job."

Early 2011 Announced her run for Sheriff of Philadelphia on a "No Evictions" platform

2011 Green Party candidate for Sheriff of Philadelphia, lost

Jul 11 2012 Jill Stein, then the presumptive nominee of the Green Party for President in the 2012 U.S. Presidential election, announced that she had selected Honkala as her Vice Presidential running mate

Jul 14 2012 Stein and Honkala were officially nominated by the Green Party at its national convention

2012 Green Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Jill Stein, lost

84  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:26:09 pm
2012 Continued

Gary Johnson NM Republican Before 2011, Libertarian Party 2011-Present

1971-1975 University of New Mexico, graduated with a Bachelor of Science in political science

1976 Started his own business, Big J Enterprises. Eventually grew Big J into a multi-million dollar corporation with over 1,000 employees

1999 Sold the company, which had become one of New Mexico's leading construction companies

1994 Entered politics with the intention of running for Governor NM and was advised by "Republican Elders" to run for the State Legislature instead

1994 Won Republican nomination for Governor NM

1994 Elected Governor NM, reelected 1998

Jan 1 1995-Jan 1 2003 Governor NM

Was term limited and could not run for a third consecutive term as Governor in 2002

2008 Endorsed Ron Paul for the Republican Presidential nomination

Serves on the Advisory Council of Students for Sensible Drug Policy, a student nonprofit organization which advocates for drug policy reform

As of April 2011 Serves on the board of directors of Students For Liberty, a nonprofit libertarian organization

2009 Began indicating interest in running for President in the 2012 election

Oct 26 2009 Announced his decision to form an advocacy committee called the Our America, an
initiative to help him raise funds and promote small government ideas

Dec 2009 Organized the Our American Initiative as a 501(c) (4) committee

Feb 2011 Was a featured speaker at both the Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) and the Republican Liberty Caucus

Apr 21 2011 Announced he is running for President.  Was the first of an eventually large field to announce his candidacy for the Republican Presidential nomination.

Dec 28 2011 Formally withdrew his candidacy for the Republican Presidential nomination and declared his candidacy for the 2012 Presidential nomination of the Libertarian Party

May 5 2012 Received the Libertarian Party's official nomination for President U.S.

2012 Libertarian Party candididate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama, Mitt Romney

Post 2012 election, said he would not discount running as a Republican again in the future

Dec 2013 Announced the founding of his own Super PAC, Our America Initiative PAC

Apr 2014 Reddit "Ask Me Anything" session, Johnson stated that he hoped to run for President U.S. again in 2016

Jul 2014 Named president and CEO of Cannabis Sativa Inc., a Nevada-based company that aims primarily to sell medical cannabis products in states where medicinal and/or recreational cannabis is legal

Nov 2014 Affirmed his intention to run for the 2016 Libertarian nomination for President U.S. for 2016 election

Jul 2015 Reiterated his intentions for a Presidential campaign but stated he was not announcing anything imminently

Jan 2016 Resigned from his post as CEO of Cannabis Sativa, Inc., to pursue political opportunities, hinting to a 2016 Presidential run

Jan 6 2016 Declared that he would seek the Libertarian nomination for President U.S. for 2016 election

May 18 2016 Named former Massachusetts Governor William Weld as his Vice Presidential U.S. running mate

May 29 2016 Received Libertarian Party nomination for President U.S. on the second ballot at the Libertarian National Convention with William Weld winning the nomination for Vice President U.S.

2016 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Donald Trump

James P Gray CA Republican, Libertarian Party

1966 Earned undergraduate degree from the University of California, Los Angeles

Taught in the Peace Corps in Costa Rica

1971 Earned a law degree from the University of Southern California Law School

1972-1975 Practiced law with the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the U.S. Navy in Guam and California

1983 After five years in private practice, was named to the Santa Ana, CA Municipal Court

1983-1989 Santa Ana, California Municipal Court Judge

1989 Appointed to the Orange County, CA Superior Court

1989-2009 Orange County Superior Court Presiding Judge

1998 Candidate for Republican nomination for U.S. House of Representatives CA, lost

Following defeat Left Republican Party and joined Libertarian Party

2003 Openly contemplated becoming a candidate for the 2004 Libertarian Presidential nomination, but later decided to run for the U.S. Senate instead

Mar 2004 Won Libertarian Party nomination for U.S. Senate CA

2004 A keynote speaker at the 2004 Libertarian National Convention

2004 Libertarian Party candidate U.S. Senate CA, lost

Suspended his judicial activities while running for U.S. Senate CA

Jan 2009 Retired as a judge

May 2012 Confirmed candidacy for Libertarian Vice Presidential nomination in an open letter to the party's convention delegates

May 5 2012 Won Libertarian Party Vice Presidential nomination

2012 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gary Johnson, lost

Gray has been a member of the California Judicial Council, as well as the California Judicial Council's Advisory Committee on Juvenile Law, the Alcohol Advisory Board to the Orange County Board of Supervisors, the Advisory Board of the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs, and the Orange County Law Library.

He has also been a member of the Board of Councilors of the USC Law School. Gray also introduced Orange County to the Peer Court system, where juvenile defendants travel to a school outside their district to have their actual cases tried by other teenagers.
85  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:25:40 pm
2012 Continued

Mitt Romney Continued

Apr 11 2011 Announced he had formed an exploratory committee for a run for the 2012 Republican Presidential nomination

Jun 2 2011 Formally announced the start of his campaign for the 2012 Republican Presidential nomination, wins nomination

2012 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

First member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) to be nominated to a Presidential ticket by a major party

Mitt and Ann Romney made their main residence in Utah, including switching voter registrations

Re-emerged onto the political scene in the run-up to the 2014 U.S. midterm elections, endorsing, campaigning, and fundraising for a number of Republican candidates, especially those running for the U.S. Senate

By early 2014 The lack of a clear mainstream Republican candidate for the 2016 Presidential election led some supporters, donors, and pollsters to suggest Romney stage a third run

Jan 30, 2015 Romney announced he would not run for President in 2016

As the Republican Presidential nomination race went into the primaries season, Romney had not endorsed anyone but was one of the Republican establishment figures who were becoming increasingly concerned about the front runner status of Donald Trump

Nov 19 and Nov 29 2016 Romney met with President Elect Donald Trump, and was reportedly being considered for the office of U.S. Secretary of State. The nomination eventually went to Rex Tillerson, chief executive officer of ExxonMobil.

Paul Ryan WI Republican

Majored in economics and political science at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where he became interested in the writings of Friedrich Hayek, Ludwig von Mises, and Milton Friedman. He often visited the office of libertarian professor Richard Hart to discuss the theories of these economists and of Ayn Rand.

Hart introduced Ryan to the National Review, and with Hart's recommendation Ryan began an internship in the D.C. office of Wisconsin Republican Senator Bob Kasten where he worked with Kasten's foreign affairs adviser

Attended the Washington Semester program at American University

During college, was a member of the College Republicans and volunteered for the congressional campaign for U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio,  Republican John Boehner

1992 Graduated from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio with a Bachelor of Arts degree with a double major in economics and political science

1992 After graduation accepted a Congressional position as a staff economist attached to Senator Bob Kasten's office

1992 A few months after Kasten lost to Democrat Russ Feingold, Ryan became a speechwriter for Empower America, now FreedomWorks, a conservative advocacy group founded by Jack Kemp, Jeane Kirkpatrick, and William Bennett

Later worked as a speechwriter for Jack Kemp, the Republican Vice Presidential candidate in the 1996 U.S. Presidential election. Kemp became Ryan's mentor, and Ryan cites him as a "huge influence".

1995 Became the legislative director for then U.S. Senator Republican Sam Brownback of Kansas before returning to Wisconsin in 1997

1998 Elected U.S. House of Representatives WI.  Reelected 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016.

Jan 3 1999 Sworn into U.S. House of Representatives as Representative from WI

Aug 11 2012 The Mitt Romney Presidential campaign officially announced Ryan as its choice for Vice President U.S. Before the official announcement, it was reported that Romney made his decision, and offered the position to Ryan on Aug 1, 2012. On Aug 11, 2012, Ryan formally accepted Romney's invitation to join the campaign as his running mate.

2012 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Mitt Romney, lost

Is the first individual from Wisconsin as well as the first member of Generation X to run on a major party's national ticket

2012 Reelected to U.S. House of Representatives WI

According to a statistical-historical analysis conducted by statistician Nate Silver, "Ryan is the most conservative Republican member of Congress to be picked for the Vice Presidential slot since at least 1900"

Oct 29 2015 Elected Speaker of the United States House of Representatives  

Is the first person from Wisconsin to hold the position of Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

Is the youngest Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since James G. Blaine in 1875

May 5 2016 Announces he had not yet reached the point where he could endorse, or even say he would support, Donald Trump as the Republican Presidential nominee

June 2 2016 Announces his endorsement of Donald Trump as the Republican Presidential nominee,
stating that when he feels the need to, he'll continue to speak his mind

Nov 15 2016 Ryan unanimously nominated by his fellow Republicans for reelection as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives  

Jan 3 2017 Ryan reelected Speaker of the United States House of Representatives

86  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:25:16 pm

Barack Obama IL Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 2008

Joe Biden DE Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 2008

Mitt Romney MA Republican, Independent, Republican

Grandson of Gaskell Romney, A candidate for County Commissioner UT 1931

Son of George W Romney, Chairman and President of American Motors Corporation 1954–1962, Governor MI 1963-1969, unsuccessful candidate for Republican Presidential nomination 1968, U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 1969-1973

Son of Lenore Romney, Unsuccessful candidate for U.S. Senate MI 1970

Brother of Scott Romney, Unsuccessful candidate for Attorney General MI 1998.  Michigan State University Board of Trustees 2000-2009  

Husband of Ann Romney, Belmont, MA Town Meeting Representative 1977-1978, MA Governor's liaison to the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives 2003-2007

Father of Josh Romney, Named National Business Recruitment Policy Advisor for the Governor's Office of Economic Development for UT 2009 by Governor Gary Herbert

Uncle of Ronna Romney McDaniel, Worked on Mitt Romney's campaign for President U.S. 2012, elected MI representative to Republican National Committee 2014, Chair of MI Republican Party 2015-2017, Chair of Republican National Committee, assumed office 2017, only the second woman to hold the post in RNC history

Descendant of William Pratt, An early colonial settler, a lieutenant in the Pequot War, and a representative to the General Court (colonial legislature) of Connecticut for 23 terms

Miles Romney, Son of George Romney Jr., whose father, George Romney Sr. was first cousin to English portrait painter also named George Romney

George Romney, Played a role in the early development of the state of UT

Miles Quintin Romney, An attorney of the U.S House of Representatives

Clyde Anderson Romney, Chief of Staff in Washington D.C. to U.S. Congressman Ron Packard of CA 1983-1986, chairman San Luis Rey Indian Water Rights Task Force and Congressional Facilitator San Luis Rey settlement act. Candidate for San Diego County board of supervisors 1986 and the Palomar College Board of Trustees 1988. Republican.

G Ott Romney, Chairman National Recreation Policies Committee, National Director  Recreation Section of Works Progress Administration or WPA, assignments with the American Alliance of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, and membership on U.S. President Dwight  Eisenhower's Council on Youth Fitness. During World War II served as Chief of Recreation and Club Unit Services to United States Armed Forces through Red Cross.

Helen Hackett Brown Romney, Vice Chairman UT Republican Party, served on State Health Board, and State Parks and Recreation Board, a Founding and Charter Member of UT State Heritage Foundation

Vernon B Romney, Served two terms Attorney General UT 1969-1976. Defeated in 1976 bid for Governor Utah.

Ronna Romney, Republican, alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from MI 1988 and member of Republican National Committee from the state 1988. Ran for Republican nomination 1994 U.S. Senate election from MI. Republican candidate 1996 U.S. Senate MI.

Miles Romney Sr, Democrat, member of State Democratic Central Committee in MT. Mayor Hamilton, MT 1902-1904, MT State Senator 1906-1910. Unsuccessful in three primary bids for MT Governor. Served as State Director of National Recovery Act and also organized Federal Housing Administration in MT and National Emergency Council, which became U.S. Office of Government Reports.

Miles Romney Jr, Member of MT House of Representatives 1966-1970.  1971 elected delegate to state Constitutional Convention, appointed to MT Senate 1973, elected to a full term 1974.

Marion G Romney, A member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles and a member of the First Presidency in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, cousin to George W. Romney. Elected to UT State Legislature 1934 as a Democrat. Was an assistant prosecuting attorney in Salt Lake City.

Harold Arundel Lafount, Commissioner of Federal Radio Commission (FRC) 1927-1934, nominated by U.S President Calvin Coolidge. The father of Lenore Romney.

L C Romney, Democrat, UT State Senate 1943-1944, Commissioner Salt Lake City 1944-1963, Democratic candidate Governor UT 1956

Larry Romney, Joined the AZ Farm Bureau in 1993 and is an agent with the Old Pueblo Agency at the Safford office, was a member of Town Council of Chino Valley and was a president of Chino Valley School District

1962 Participated in his father's, George Romney's, successful 1962 campaign for Governor of MI  

Later worked for his father, Governor George Romney, as an intern in the Governor's office

1965-1966 academic year Attended Stanford University.  Was not part of the counterculture of the 1960s then taking form in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Jul 1966-Dec 1968 Served a proselyting mission for his church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon) in France, has remained fluent in French

1969-1971 Attended Brigham Young University, Provo, UT. During his senior year, he took a leave to work as driver and advance man for his mother Lenore Romney's eventually unsuccessful 1970 campaign for U.S. Senator from Michigan. Earned a Bachelor of Arts in English with highest honors, giving commencement addresses to both the College of Humanities and to the whole of BYU.

1971-1975 Attended Harvard University. Enrolled in the recently created joint Juris Doctor/Master of Business Administration four-year program coordinated between Harvard Law School and Harvard Business School. Graduated 1975 cum laude from the law school, in the top third of that class, and was named a Baker Scholar for graduating in the top five percent of his business school class.

Following graduation from Harvard, was recruited by several firms, joined the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), reasoning that working as a management consultant for a variety of companies would better prepare him for a future position as a chief executive

1977 Hired by Bain & Company, a management consulting firm in Boston formed a few years earlier by Bill Bain and other ex-BCG employees. Romney became a Vice President of the firm in 1978. Within a few years, the firm considered him one of their best consultants and clients sometimes sought to use him over more senior partners.

1984 Left Bain & Company to cofound the spin-off private equity investment firm, Bain Capital. Held titles of President and Managing General Partner. The sole shareholder of the firm, publications also referred to him as Managing Director or CEO.

1990 Facing financial collapse, Bain & Company asked Romney to return. Was announced as its new CEO in Jan 1991.

Took a leave of absence from Bain Capital from Nov 1993 to Nov 1994 to run for the U.S. Senate. During that time, Ampad workers went on strike, and asked Romney to intervene.

By 1999, Bain Capital was on its way towards becoming one of the foremost private equity firms in the nation

Aug 2001 Announced that he would not return to Bain Capital

Registered as an Independent and voted in the 1992 Presidential primaries for the Democratic former Senator from Massachusetts, Paul Tsongas

By 1993 Had begun thinking about entering politics. He decided to challenge incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator from MA Edward Kennedy, who was seeking re-election for the sixth time.

Oct 1993 Changed his affiliation from Independent to Republican and formally announced his candidacy for U.S. Senate MA in Feb 1994

1994 Won Republican primary for U.S. Senator MA.  In the general election, Kennedy faced the first serious re-election challenger of his career.

1994 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate MA, lost. Kennedy won the election by the smallest margin in any of his re-election campaigns for the Senate.

1994 Returned to Bain Capital

1994 Joined the board, as Vice Chair, of the Points of Light Foundation, which had incorporated his father's National Volunteer Center

Took a paid leave of absence from Bain Capital in February 1999 to serve as the President and CEO of the 2002 Salt Lake City Olympic Games Organizing Committee

Remained sole shareholder, Managing Director, CEO, and President of Bain Capital during this time

Feb 11 1999-2002 President and CEO Salt Lake Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games of 2002. Before Romney took the position, the event was running $379 million short of its revenue goals. Under Romney's leadership, despite the initial fiscal shortfall, the Games ended up with a surplus of $100 million.

2002 Was mentioned as a possible candidate for Governor of UT

2002 Won Republican primary for Governor MA, unopposed

2002 Republican Party candidate Governor MA, elected, defeating MA State Treasurer Democrat Shannon O'Brien

Jan 2 2003–Jan 4 2007 Governor MA  

Feb 13 2007 Announced candidacy for 2008  Republican nomination for President U.S.
2008 Candidate for Republican nomination for President U.S., lost to John McCain
Feb 7 2008 Announced withdrawal from the race
Feb 14 2008 Endorsed John McCain for President U.S.

2008 McCain had Romney on a short list for Vice Presidential running mate, where his business experience would have balanced one of McCain's weaknesses

Following the 2008 election, laid the groundwork for a likely 2012 Presidential campaign by using his Free and Strong America political action committee (PAC) to raise money for other Republican candidates and pay his existing political staff's salaries and consulting fees

Campaigned heavily for Republican candidates in the 2010 midterm elections, raising more money than the other prospective 2012 Republican Presidential candidates

87  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:24:01 pm
2008 Continued

Chuck Baldwin FL Constitution Party candidate for President U.S. See 2004

Darrell Castle TN Constitution Party


1970 Graduated from East Tennessee State University, with a B.S., double-majoring in political science and history

1970 Commissioned as an officer in the United States Marine Corps, serving for four years to 1974 and attaining the rank of First Lieutenant

After his discharge, he returned to ETSU and began his graduate study of history. He then attended the law school at University of Memphis, then known as Memphis State University, and earned his Juris Doctor in 1979

Upon receiving his J.D. in Memphis, Castle became an attorney. In 1984, he opened a private firm which later grew into Darrell Castle and Associates. Since then, Castle has opened firms in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Detroit, Michigan; and Kansas City, Missouri. His firms focus on consumer bankruptcy and personal injury, but also represent clients in the areas of social security/disability and workers' compensation.

At the 2008 Constitution Party National Convention in Kansas City, Missouri, Baptist pastor Chuck Baldwin defeated former Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs Alan Keyes to win the party's Presidential nomination. The Party then nominated Castle to the ticket as its Vice Presidential candidate. Baldwin had himself been the Constitution Party nominee for Vice President in 2004.

2008 Constitution Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Chuck Baldwin, lost

At the 2012 Constitution Party National Convention in Nashville, Tennessee, Castle declared his candidacy for the party's Presidential nomination one day prior to the nomination vote, citing requests from several delegates that he seek the Presidential nomination. He finished as runner-up to former U.S. Congressman Virgil Goode, who won the nomination on the first ballot.

Is the former National Vice Chairman of the Constitution Party

2016 Was a candidate for the Constitution Party's 2016 Presidential nomination, but withdrew his candidacy in Jan 2016 because of unspecified health concerns. However, on the eve of the 2016 nominating convention, Richard Winger of Ballot Access News reported that Castle had re-entered the nomination process.

Apr 16 2016 Castle secured the Presidential nomination for the Constitution Party

He has vowed, if elected, to get the United States out of the United Nations and NATO

Castle's campaign has received endorsements from Glenn Beck, Chuck Baldwin, and the Georgia Right to Life PAC

2016 Constitution Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Donald Trump

Cynthia McKinney GA Democratic, Green Party

Earned a B.A. in international relations from the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, an M.A. in Law and Diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, Medford/Somerville, MA. She worked as a high school teacher and later as a university professor.

1986 Political career began when her father, a Representative in the Georgia State House of Representatives, submitted her name as a write in candidate for the Georgia State House, despite the fact that she lived in Jamaica at the time, lost 

1988 Ran for the same seat and won, making the McKinneys the first father and daughter to simultaneously serve in the Georgia State House

1989-1993 Georgia Sate House of Representatives

1992 Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives GA. She was the first African American woman to represent Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives. Reelected 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000.

Jan 3 1993-Jan 3 2003 U.S. House of Representatives GA

2002 Defeated in Democratic primary for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives GA

Traveled widely as a public speaker between her terms in office. Throughout 2003 and 2004, toured the US and much of Europe speaking of her defeat, her opposition to the Iraq War, and the Bush administration.

2004 Served on the advisory committee for the group 2004 Racism Watch

Sep 9 2004, Was a commissioner in The Citizens' Commission on 9-11

Oct 26 2004 Was among 100 Americans and 40 family members of those who were killed on 9/11 who signed the 9/11 Truth Movement statement, calling for new investigations of unexplained aspects of the 9/11 events

There was speculation that she was considering a run as the Green Party's nominee for the 2004 Presidential election. However, wanting her Congressional seat back, she turned down the Green Party nomination.

2004 Won Democratic primary for reelection U.S. House of Representatives GA

Jan 3 2005-Jan 3 2007 U.S. House of Representatives GA

2006 Finished first in the Democratic primary for U.S. House of Representatives GA, however, since McKinney failed to get at least 50% of the vote, she and the second place finisher were forced into a runoff, which was won by her opponent

Green Party members had attempted to recruit McKinney both in 2000 and 2004. In 2000, she was widely mentioned as a possible Vice Presidential running mate for Ralph Nader. In 2004, attempts were made to convince McKinney to run on the Green Party ballot line for President.

Jul 5 2007 Appeared at the Green Party National Meeting in Reading, Pennsylvania, where she suggested that the Green Party could become a progressive political force

Aug 27 2007 Peace rally in Kennebunkport, Maine, McKinney confirmed the depth of her disenchantment with the Democratic Party, urging San Francisco voters to replace Nancy Pelosi with antiwar activist Cindy Sheehan.

Sep 10 In a letter to the Steering Committee of the Green Party of the United States, McKinney stated she would not seek the Green Party nomination for President. However, in early October it appeared that McKinney was making moves toward declaring herself an official Green Party candidate.

Jul 9 2008, she named as her running mate journalist and community activist Rosa Clemente and clinched the party's nomination three days later at the 2008 Green Party National Convention

Sep 10 2008 Joined a press conference held by third-party and independent candidates, along with Ralph Nader, Chuck Baldwin, and initiator Ron Paul

2008 Green Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

2011 Undertook a nationwide speaking tour regarding the intervention in Libya "Eyewitness Libya", which was sponsored by the ANSWER coalition and the International Action Center drew hundreds across the country

Apr 2012 Announced she would run for U.S. House of Representatives GA on the Green Party ticket. However, in Aug she failed to qualify for the ballot.

Feb 2010 Awarded the 'Peace through Conscience' award from the Munich American Peace Committee (MAPC)

Rosa Clemente NC Green Party

Community organizer, independent journalist, activist

Graduate of the University of Albany and Cornell University. Clemente has been delivering workshops, presentations and commentary for over ten years

Academic work has focused on research of national liberation struggles within the United States, with a specific focus on the Young Lords Party and the Black Liberation Army

While a student at SUNY Albany, she was President of the Albany State University Black Alliance (ASUBA) and Director of Multicultural Affairs for the Student Association

At Cornell she was a founding member of La Voz Boriken, a social/political organization dedicated to supporting Puerto Rican political prisoners and the independence of Puerto Rico

Has written for Clamor Magazine, The Ave. magazine, The Black World Today, The Final Call and numerous websites

She has been the subject of articles in the Village Voice, The New York Times, Urban Latino and The Source magazines

She has appeared on CNN, C-SPAN, Democracy Now! and Street Soldiers

In 2001, she was a youth representative at the United Nations World Conference against Xenophobia, Racism and Related Intolerance in South Africa

In 2002 was named by Red Eye Magazine as one of the top 50 Hip Hop Activists to look out for

1995 Developed Know Thy Self Productions (KTSP), a full-service speakers bureau, production company and media consulting service. Seeing a need for young people of color to be heard and taken seriously she began presenting workshops and lectures at colleges, universities, high schools, and prisons. In the past ten years she has presented at over 200 colleges, conferences and community centers on topics such as "African-American and Latino/a Intercultural Relations", "Hip-Hop Activism", "The History of the Young Lords Party", and "Women, Feminism and Hip Hop".

KTSP now includes an expanded college speakers bureau which has produced three major Hip Hop activism tours, "Dare to Struggle, Dare to Win" with M1 of dead prez and Fred Hampton Jr.; "The ACLU College Freedom Tour" with dead prez, DJ Kuttin Kandi, Mystic and comedian Dave Chappelle; and the "Speak Truth to Power" Tour a collaborative tour of award winning youth activists.

2003 Helped form and coordinate the first ever National Hip Hop Political Convention that drew over 3000 activists who came together to create and implement a national political agenda for the Hip-Hop generation.

Ten days after Hurricane Katrina ravaged parts of the south, Clemente traveled to the areas as an independent journalist and her on-the-ground reports were broadcast on independent radio stations all over the world, including Air America, NPR, Pacifica Radio, Democracy Now, Indymedia, Hard Knock Radio and many more independent and mainstream media outlets.

2008 Green Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Cynthia McKinney, lost
88  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:23:40 pm
2008 Continued

Ralph Nader CT Independent candidate for President U.S. See 1996

Matt Gonzalez CA Democratic, Green Party, Independent

1987 Earned a bachelor’s degree from Columbia University

1990 Earned a Juris Doctor from Stanford Law School

While attending Stanford, he was an editor for the Stanford Law Review and member of the Stanford Environmental Law Journal

Worked on immigration issues at the East Palo Alto Community Law Project, pending death penalty cases at the California Appellate Project, and "gender discrimination and religious clause issues" as a research assistant to the Dean of the School, constitutional law scholar Paul Brest

1991 Began working as a trial lawyer at the Office of the Public Defender in San Francisco. He was a Certified Specialist in Criminal Law (the State Bar of California Board of Legal Specialization) and was named "Lawyer of the Year" by the San Francisco La Raza Lawyers Association in 2000.

1999 Candidate for San Francisco District Attorney, lost

Nov 2000 Switched from Democratic Party to Green Party

2001-2005 Member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors

Jan 2003 Elected President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors

2003 Green Party candidate for Mayor San Francisco, lost

2003 Following the mayoral contest, announced he would not seek reelection to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors

Jan 2008 Gonzalez, along with several other prominent Green Party members, launched Ralph Nader's 2008 Presidential Exploratory Committee to support a possible Nader candidacy. On Feb 28, 2008, only four days after announcing his Presidential bid, Nader named Gonzalez as his Vice Presidential running mate for the 2008 presidential election.

2008 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ralph Nader, lost

Nader announced that he and Gonzalez would not seek the Green Party nomination but would run as independents. On Mar 4, 2008, Gonzalez announced that he had left the Green Party and had changed his voter registration to independent. The change, he said, was to accommodate states, including Delaware, Idaho and Oregon, that do not allow members of political parties to run as independents.

Nov 2 2008 Participated in the third party Vice Presidential debates, along with Constitution Party Vice Presidential candidate Darrell Castle and Libertarian Wayne Allyn Root

Feb 2011 Appointed Chief Attorney in San Francisco Public Defender's office by San Francisco Public Defender Jeff Adachi

Bob Barr GA Democratic, Republican, Libertarian Party, Republican

Attended University of Southern California

Joined the Young Democrats of America and rallied against the Vietnam War

His parents disapproved, and threatened to cut off financial support if he continued his "flaming liberal" activities

During this time, Barr's mother introduced him to the work of Ayn Rand. This fostered a new-found appreciation for conservatism and prompted Barr to join the Young Trojan Republican Club.

Barr completed his B.A., cum laude, from University of Southern California in 1970

1986-1990 U.S. Attorney for Northern District of Georgia appointed by President Reagan

1990-1991 President of the Southeastern Legal Foundation an Atlanta-based law firm and policy center that litigates in support of "limited government, individual economic freedom, and the free enterprise system"

1992 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. Senate GA, lost

1994 Elected U.S. House of Representatives, GA

Jan 3 1995–Jan 3 2003 U.S. House of Representatives, GA

1998  One of the House managers during the Clinton impeachment trial

After the Lewinsky scandal broke, Barr was the first lawmaker in either chamber to call for Clinton's resignation

2002 Defeated in Republican primary for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives GA

2004 Presidential election left Republican Party and publicly endorsed Libertarian Party Presidential nominee Michael Badnarik

2006 Joined Libertarian Party as a regional representative, then serving on the Libertarian National Committee

2001-2007 Sat on the Board of Directors of the National Rifle Association

Has become a prominent member of the American Civil Liberties Union, sometimes doing paid consulting on privacy issues

Dec 12 2006 Became a regional representative on the Libertarian National Committee, representing the Party's Southeast Region

One of the four founders of the American Freedom Agenda

A member of the Constitution Project's bipartisan Liberty and Security Committee

Chairman of the Board of Directors of Liberty Guard, which states its mission is to protect and defend individual liberty

Early 2008 Barr became an adjunct professor at Kennesaw State University and was scheduled to teach a course on privacy rights titled "Privacy and Public Policy in 21st Century Business and Society"

Jul 22 2008 Endorsed the Free State Project

Listed as the President of the Law Enforcement Education Organization, a non-profit organization with a mission of serving "active-duty and retired law enforcement officers, by educating and assisting law enforcement personnel and agencies meet challenges posed by certain laws and regulations

2008 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama, John McCain

Stated he would not challenge the Republican incumbent in the 2012 primary race for Georgia's 14th Congressional district, he subsequently indicated his return to the Republican Party and support for 2012 GOP Congressional candidates

Had expressed interest in running for Congress again as a Republican in 2012, but chose to abandon these plans

In an interview with the Daily Caller he endorsed and encouraged Libertarians to support Newt Gingrich's campaign for the 2012 Republican Presidential nomination

Mar 28 2013 Held a news conference where he announced his upcoming run for the 11th Congressional District in an attempt to win the seat of Rep. Phil Gingrey. If Barr is elected to Congress, he would become the first Georgia Republican to return to the U.S. House of Representatives after a gap in service.

Wayne Allyn Root NV Republican, Libertarian Party, Republican

Entrepreneur, television and radio personality, author, political commentator

1983 Graduated from Columbia University in 1983 as a Political Science major. This would place him in the same graduating class as President Barack Obama. Root has stated that he has no recollection of having met or seen Obama at Columbia.

Was a longtime Republican Party member and supporter who self-identified as a Libertarian Republican

2007 Ended his association with the Republican Party and joined the Libertarian Party

Sep 2012 left the Libertarian party and announced his return to major party politics

2008 Candidate for Libertarian Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Bob Barr

2008 Chosen as Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S.

2008 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Bob Barr, lost 

Has announced he intends to run as a Republican candidate in 2016 for the U.S. Senate from Nevada, the seat currently held by Democratic Senator Harry Reid

2010 Ran for the position of chair of the Libertarian National Committee of the Libertarian Party of the United States, lost

Subsequently succeeded in being elected to the Libertarian National Committee as an At-Large Member

Jul 2011 Was elected chair of the "Libertarian National Congressional Committee", a Federal Elections Commission registered entity. He renamed it the "Libertarian National Campaign Committee."

2012 At the Libertarian National Convention was again elected to the Libertarian National Committee as an At-Large Member, despite being seen by some LP members as being part of the "top-down faction." The party's 2012 presidential candidate Gary Johnson endorsed Root

Sep 2012 In a letter, resigned all Libertarian Party positions, saying he would seek a Senate seat "outside of a third party."

89  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:23:10 pm
2008 Continued

Sarah Palin AK Republican

1982 Enrolled at the University of Hawaii at Hilo. Shortly after arriving in Hawaii, transferred to Hawaii Pacific University in Honolulu for a semester in the fall of 1982, and then to North Idaho College, a community college in Coeur d'Alene, for the spring and fall semesters of 1983. In Jun 2008, the Alumni Association of North Idaho College gave Palin its Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award.

1984 Enrolled at the University of Idaho in Moscow for an academic year, starting in Aug 1984, then attended Matanuska-Susitna College in Alaska in the fall of 1985.  Returned to the University of Idaho in Jan 1986, and received her bachelor's degree in communications with an emphasis in journalism in May 1987.

Oct 19 1992-Oct 14 1996 Member Wasilla, AK City Council

Oct 14 1996-Oct 14 2002 Mayor Wasilla, AK

1999 Elected President of Alaska Conference of Mayors

2002 Ran for the Republican nomination for Lieutenant Governor AK, lost

Following her defeat, campaigned throughout the state for the nominated Republican Governor-Lieutenant Governor ticket of Frank Murkowski and Loren Leman

Murkowski and Leman won, Murkowski resigned from his long held U.S. Senate seat in Dec 2002 to assume the Governorship. Palin was said to be on the "short list" of possible appointees to Murkowski's U.S. Senate seat, but Murkowski ultimately appointed his daughter, State Representative Lisa Murkowski, as his successor in the U.S. Senate.

Feb 19 2003-Jan 23 2004 Served on Oil and Gas Conservation Commission, which oversees Alaska's oil and gas fields for safety and efficiency

Named Chair of the commission and ethics supervisor. Appointed by Governor Murkowski.

Resigned from Commission Jan 23 2004

2003 to Jun 2005 Served as one of three directors of "Ted Stevens Excellence in Public Service, Inc.," a 527 group designed to provide political training for Republican women in Alaska

2004 Told the Anchorage Daily News that she had decided not to run for the U.S. Senate that year against the Republican incumbent Lisa Murkowski because her teenage son opposed it

2006 Running on a clean-government platform, defeated incumbent Governor Frank Murkowski in the Republican primary for Governor AK

2006 Elected Governor of Alaska, becoming the youngest person and first woman to be elected Governor of Alaska

Dec 4 2006–Jul 26, 2009 Governor AK

Aug 29 2008 Republican Presidential nominee Senator John McCain announced that he had chosen Palin as his  Vice Presidential running mate, making her the first Alaskan and the second woman to run on a major U.S. party national ticket, as well as the first woman to run on a Republican Party national ticket

2008 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John McCain, lost

McCain's  first choice for Vice President was his good friend Democratic then Independent Senator Joe Lieberman of Connecticut, the Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with Al Gore in 2000. However, Lieberman was pro choice, and would therefore not be acceptable to the Republican Party. McCain then announced his pick of Palin.      

Post 2008 Presidential election has served as a political commentator

Jan 27 2009 Formed the political action committee, SarahPAC

Jul 3 2009 Announced that she would not run for reelection as Governor of Alaska in the 2010 election and would resign before the end of Jul, resigning Jul 26, 2009, before the end of the term, which was Dec 1 2010

Feb 6 2010 Appeared as the keynote speaker at the inaugural Tea Party convention in Nashville, Tennessee

Mid 2010 Flagged the launch of a new "Pink Elephant Movement," where she set about endorsing a number of female Republican candidates

May 2010 Spoke at a fundraiser for the Susan B. Anthony List, a pro-life political advocacy group and political action committee that supports pro-life women in politics

In the months ahead of the Nov 2010 elections, Palin selectively endorsed Republican candidates, and was a significant fundraising asset to those she campaigned for during the primary season

Beginning in Nov 2008, following Palin's high profile in the Presidential campaign, there was an active "Draft Palin" movement

Nov 2010 Confirmed that she was considering running for the Presidency

During Mar 2011, Palin and her husband toured India at the invitation of Indian newsmagazine India Today, subsequently visiting Israel

2011 Said the home she had recently purchased in Scottsdale, AZ was not a full-time residence, and denied that she was planning to run for U.S. Senate from Arizona

Oct 5 2011 Said she had decided not to seek the 2012 Republican nomination for President

Jul 8 2013 Said she is contemplating a run for U.S. Senate seat in Alaska against then current Senator Democrat Mark Begich

Palin did not contest the 2014 Alaska Senate election

Republican candidate Dan Sullivan defeated Democratic candidate incumbent Senator Mark Begich for the U.S. Senate AK seat

2016 Presidential election, announced her support for Donald Trump

As early as Sep 2015 Palin had expressed an interest in becoming Secretary of Energy in a Trump administration

Nov 2016 There was speculation that Palin was being considered for a position in the Trump administration, either as Secretary of the Interior or as Secretary of Veterans Affairs.  Was ultimately not picked for an administration position.    
90  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:22:41 pm
2008  Continued

John McCain AZ Republican

1958 Graduated from United States Naval Academy at Annapolis, MD

1958-1981 United States Navy, Captain, served in Vietnam War
1967-1973 Prisoner of war in Vietnam

1973-1974 Attended the National War College at Fort McNair in Washington, D.C.

1974 Having been rehabilitated had his flight status reinstated

1976 Became commanding officer of a training squadron stationed in Florida. He improved the unit's flight readiness and safety records, and won the squadron its first-ever Meritorious Unit Commendation

Beginning in 1977 Served as the Navy's liaison to the U.S. Senate

In retrospect, he has said that this represented his "real entry into the world of politics and the beginning of my second career as a public servant"

His key behind-the-scenes role gained congressional financing for a new supercarrier against the wishes of the Carter administration

Decided to leave the Navy. It was doubtful whether he would ever be promoted to the rank of Full Admiral, as he had poor annual physicals and had been given no major sea command. His chances of being promoted to Rear Admiral were better, but McCain declined that prospect, as he had already made plans to run for Congress and said he could "do more good there."

McCain retired from the Navy on April 1, 1981 as a Captain. He was designated as disabled and awarded a disability pension. Upon leaving the military, he moved to Arizona.

Set his sights on becoming a Congressman because he was interested in current events, was ready for a new challenge, and had developed political ambitions during his time as Senate liaison

1982 Won a highly contested Republican primary election for U.S. House of Representatives AZ then easily won the general election, reelected 1984

1983 Was elected to lead the incoming group of Republican Representatives

Jan 3 1983-Jan 3 1987 U.S. House of Representatives AZ

1986 Elected U.S. Senate AZ

Succeeded longtime American conservative icon and Arizona fixture Barry Goldwater, 1964 Republican nominee for President U.S., upon Goldwater's retirement as U.S. Senator AZ

McCain reelected U.S. Senate AZ 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010, 2016

Jan 3 1987 Sworn into U.S. Senate as Senator from AZ

Sep 27 1999 Announced candidacy for 2000 Republican nomination for President U.S.

Mar 9 2000 Withdrew from race for Republican nomination for President U.S. Lost to George W Bush.

May 2000 Endorsed George W Bush for President U.S.

Apr 25 2007 Announced candidacy for 2008 Republican nomination for President U.S., won nomination

2008 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

Sep 24 2008 McCain said he was suspending his campaign, called on Obama to join him, and proposed delaying the first of the general election debates with Obama, in order to work on the proposed U.S. financial system bailout before Congress, which was targeted at addressing the subprime mortgage crisis and liquidity crisis. After Obama declined McCain's suspension suggestion, McCain went ahead with the debate Sep 26.  

Jan 4 2012 Endorsed Mitt Romney for Republican Presidential nomination and for President U.S.

In the Republican Party Presidential primaries, 2016, McCain said he would support the Republican nominee even if it was Donald Trump, but following Mitt Romney's Mar 3 speech, which was critical of Trump, McCain endorsed the sentiments expressed in that speech, saying he had serious concerns about Trump. Following Trump becoming the presumptive nominee of the party on May 3, McCain said that Republican voters had spoken and that he would support Trump.
91  General Discussion / History / Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates on: January 25, 2017, 03:21:53 pm
2008 Continued

Joe Biden DE Democratic

Father of Beau Biden, 1995-2004 worked at United States Department of Justice in Philadelphia, first as Counsel to the Office of Policy Development and later as a federal prosecutor in the U.S. Attorney's Office, 2007-2015 Attorney General Delaware  

The first Roman Catholic and the first Delawarean to become Vice President U.S.

Attended the Archmere Academy in Claymont, DE. Participated in an anti-segregation sit-in at a Wilmington theatre. Was a natural leader among the students, and was elected class President during his junior and senior years. Graduated 1961.

Attended the University of Delaware in Newark. Met his wife to be and told her that he aimed to become a Senator by the age of 30 and then President. Double majored in history and political science and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1965.

Entered Syracuse University College of Law.  Received Juris Doctor degree 1968.

Received five student draft deferments. Apr 1968 was reclassified by the Selective Service System as not available for service due to having had asthma as a teenager.

1968, Clerked for six months at a Wilmington law firm headed by prominent local Republican William Prickett and, as he later said, "thought of myself as a Republican". He disliked the conservative racial politics of incumbent Democratic Governor of Delaware Charles L. Terry and supported a more liberal Republican, Russell W. Peterson, who defeated Terry in 1968. The local Republicans tried to recruit Biden, but he resisted due to his distaste for Republican Presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon, and registered as an Independent instead.

1969 Resumed practicing law in Wilmington, first as a public defender and then at a firm headed by Sid Balick, a locally active Democrat. Balick named Biden to the Democratic Forum, a group trying to reform and revitalize the state party, and Biden switched his registration to Democratic.

1969 Ran as a Democrat for the New Castle County Council, won

Even before taking his seat, he was already talking about running for the U.S. Senate in a couple of years

1970-1972 New Castle County Council

1972 Elected U.S. Senate DE, reelected 1978, 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002, 2008

Jan 3 1973–Jan 15 2009 U.S. Senate DE

1988 Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to Michael Dukakis

2004 There was speculation that Biden would become Secretary of State in a John Kerry cabinet, should Kerry be elected President.  Kerry lost election to President George W Bush.

2008 Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to Barack Obama

2008 There was speculation that Biden would become Secretary of State in a Barack Obama cabinet, should Obama be elected President

Since shortly following Biden's withdrawal from the Presidential race, Obama had been privately telling Biden that he was interested in finding an important place for him in a possible Obama administration. Biden declined Obama's first request to vet him for the Vice Presidential slot, fearing the Vice Presidency would represent a loss in status and voice from his Senate position, but subsequently changed his mind.

In early August, Obama and Biden met in secret to discuss a possible Vice Presidential relationship, and the two hit it off well personally. On August 22, 2008, Barack Obama announced that Biden would be his running mate. Biden was officially nominated for Vice President on August 27 by voice vote at the 2008 Democratic National Convention.

2008 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Barack Obama, won

2008 Reelected U.S. Senate DE, resigning from U.S. Senate after election as Vice President U.S.

Jan 15 2009 Resigned from U.S. Senate DE

Jan 20 2009 Sworn in as 47th Vice President U.S.

2012 Re-nominated as Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S.

2012 Reelected Vice President U.S. with Barack Obama

Jan 20 2009- Jan 20 2017 Vice President U.S.

As early as Dec 5 2016 and as late as Jan 13 2017, Biden had not definitively ruled out a run for President U.S. in 2020

Jan 12 2017 Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, with distinction, by President Obama. It was the first and only time Obama awarded the Medal of Freedom with the additional honor of distinction, an honor which his three predecessors had reserved only for President Ronald Reagan, General Colin Powell and Pope John Paul II, respectively.

Feb 1 2017 Biden and his wife Dr. Jill Biden announced they are launching the Biden Foundation, a charitable foundation focused on cancer research, preventing sexual assault on college campuses and supporting education at community colleges

Feb 2017 The University of Pennsylvania named Biden as the Benjamin Franklin Presidential practice professor, to lead the Penn Biden Center for Diplomacy and Global Engagement in Washington, D.C. The school will open in the capital later 2017. Biden will also have an office on the University of Pennsylvania campus in Philadelphia.
Feb 2017 The University of Delaware named Biden the founding chair of the University of Delaware's Biden Institute in Newark, DE.  Biden's work will involve civil rights, criminal justice and women's rights.

Feb 15 2017 Named chair of the board of trustees of the National Constitution Center, a nonpartisan museum focused on educating and informing American people about the Constitution. The nonpartisan group has been chaired by Presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton in the past and most recently by former Florida Governor Jeb Bush.

Second Lady of the United States Jill Biden 2009-2017

Enrolled in a junior college in Pennsylvania to study fashion merchandising, but soon found it unsatisfying.

Enrolled at University of Delaware, where she declared English as her major. Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Delaware 1975.

Received a Master of Education with a specialty in Reading from West Chester University 1981.

Received a second Master of Arts degree, this one in English from Villanova University 1987.

Received a Doctor of Education in educational leadership from the University of Delaware 2007 at age 55.
92  General Discussion / History / Re: Which of these was the worst mistake made by a U.S. President? on: January 25, 2017, 02:06:14 pm
What, no mention of Buchanan's letting the Union break apart in his final months in the White House?

I realize that the Civil War resulted in the tragic deaths of many thousands, an estimated 620,000.

But one could argue that the breakup of the union resulted in the abolishment of slavery.

The abolishment of slavery was one of the greatest and most momentous developments in the history of the United States, in fact, in the history of the entire world.
93  General Politics / U.S. General Discussion / Re: Who are all the people in this photo? on: January 25, 2017, 01:15:24 am

L to R

Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, Franklin D Roosevelt, Sandra Day O'Connor, Condi Rice, Dwight Eisenhower, Thomas Jefferson, Ronald Reagan, John  F Kennedy, John Adams, George Washington, Barack Obama, Frances Perkins 

94  General Politics / U.S. General Discussion / Re: Women's March Megathead on: January 24, 2017, 10:20:47 pm
My advice to the participants of these marches, at least to the U.S. participants

You will have your chance to register  your disapproval of the President of the United and the Leader of the Free World four years from now, in November 2020, by voting against President Trump, and to send him packing.

That is the way, and the only way, to settle this issue, not by running around shrieking and shrilling and listening to foul mouthed agitators and obscene celebrities.

Perhaps the Democrats will nominate a decent candidate next time.

95  Atlas Fantasy Elections / Atlas Fantasy Elections / Re: Northern Region - New Name Suggestions! on: January 24, 2017, 09:59:12 pm
Not all the states in the region are near the Great Lakes, so why should the name of one of the Great Lakes be considered as a serious suggestion?
96  Atlas Fantasy Elections / Atlas Fantasy Elections / Re: Northern Region - New Name Suggestions! on: January 23, 2017, 10:11:13 pm
The Atlantic

Many of the states in the North Region are not near the Atlantic and are in the Midwest.

I hardly think Atlantic is appropriate.
97  General Discussion / History / Re: Which of these was the worst mistake made by a U.S. President? on: January 23, 2017, 11:45:55 am
I had considered putting the Iraq War under G W Bush as one of the options, but decided against it as I  believed the Iraq War would dominate the voting, and would not leave an accurate reading of how the other issues were viewed. 
98  General Politics / U.S. General Discussion / Re: A neuroscientist explains what may be wrong with Trump supporters’ brains on: January 22, 2017, 03:29:59 pm
So what this doctor? is saying is that 63,000,000 Americans who supported Trump are idiots, insane, or otherwise mentally unbalanced.

Did his certification come out of a cracker jack box or what?
99  General Discussion / History / Which of these was the worst mistake made by a U.S. President? on: January 22, 2017, 02:11:25 pm
Which of these was the worst mistake made by a U.S. President?

Please vote and discuss should you wish.
100  General Politics / U.S. General Discussion / Re: Obama Cutting It Close On Taking Everyone's Guns on: January 22, 2017, 01:43:52 pm
You know, in all actuality, there are many people in possession of guns who should have them confiscated.
I never thought you'd express such an extreme viewpoint.  If you want unarmed police that badly, move to Europe.

I have to admit, that is a very smart and witty reply.
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