The National Elections Commission (CNE) has approved the results of the election giving victory to Filipe Nyusi as president with 57% of the vote and Frelimo with 144 of 250 seats in parliament.
The results are close to those predicted by the parallel sample count. But CNE only approved the results by a 10-7 majority, with opposition nominees and some civil society reps voting against. Renamo today filed a formal protest.
CNE was required by law to report today, but is continuing its investigations into a wide range of complaints including late opening of polling stations, conflicting numbers in different copies of some results sheets (editas), suspected ballot box stuffing, reports of pre-marked ballots in circulation, and opposition ballots improperly made invalid by polling station staff. Some editais are also missing, but they don't identify how many.
The official results:
Filipe Nyusi 2,761,025 - 57.03%
Afonso Dhlakama 1,762,260 - 36.61%
Daviz Simango 306,884 - 6.36%
Total seats in the 10 provincial parliaments (Maputo City doesn't have a parliament):
A total of 754,113 ballot papers considered invalid at polling stations were sent to Maputo and reconsidered by the CNE, and 174,614 were accepted as valid. This means 23% were accepted, which is higher than in previous elections. Of 466 protested votes, 323 were accepted as valid.
By comparison, the 2009 results were:
Armando Guebuza 75.01%
Afonso Dhlakama 16.41%
Daviz Simango 8.59%
MDM joins Renamo in rejection of the results
Like Renamo MDM has rejected the result because misconduct was too widespread. Daviz Simango has demanded that the general elections should be annulled.
In a statement Simango has expressed his “profound sorrow because these elections were stained by an unequal combat during the election campaign, and in proven acts of fraud and violence they have now had final discredit”. The results were “not credible, bearing in mind the countless reports of irregularities denounced by us and known by all of society”.
There was no hint in Simango's statement that MDM will take to the streets against the results, or that its elected MPs will refuse to take their streets.
The problem for MDM is the same as for Renamo. They were part of the electoral apparatus with MDM representatives on all election commissions - on the CNE itself, and on every provincial, district and city elections commission.
MDM polling station monitors did not submit a single appeal or complaint on time to the district courts, which handle all protests against events at the polling stations.
According to the Supreme Court, between them Frelimo, Renamo and the MDM only submitted 24 appeals to the district courts. All the ones from Renamo and MDM either contained no evidence, were submitted beyond the deadline of 48 hours after close of polls, or were addressed to the wrong body (provincial rather than district courts).
The only avenue still open to MDM is an appeal to the Constitutional Council - Mozambique's highest body in matters of constitutional and electoral law.