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Author Topic: 1924: Davis defeats Coolidge  (Read 21791 times)
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« on: December 06, 2009, 05:18:18 pm »
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July 12, 1923: During a conversation with his close Ohio companion, Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty, President Warren G. Harding mentioned, that there's a significant possibility that an "useless" (in his own words) Vice President Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts would be dropped off the ticket in 1924.

August 2, 1923: President Harding died suddenly in the middle of conversation with his wife, Florence, at 7:35 p.m. in San Francisco, California.

August 3, 1923: Vice President Calvin Coolidge sworn-in as the 30th President of the United States in his Vermont family home, in a light of paraffin lamp.

August 17, 1923: Washington Naval Treaty proclaimed.

January 1924: Due to series of revealed scandals within his deceased predecessor administration, Coolidge decided to take a sharp action and asked all cabinet members to resign. While many of these dismission were welcomed, in order to make "general cleaning" (and not appear as "weak") Coolidge effectively fired as respected and beyond any suspicions figures like Secretary of State Charles E. Hughes and Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover. These actions caused a lot of "bad blood", within the GOP.

March 6, 1924: Senator Hiram W. Johnson of California announced he'll challenge President Coolidge for this year presidential nomination. Johnson called Coolidge a man without experience and judgement needed to be President. Former 1912 Theodore Roosevelt's running-mate quickly gained a support among Republican progressives, such as Robert M. La Follette (who considered running before this), Herbert Hoover, and even some conservatives, like Hughes, who simply could not forgive Coolidge his undeserved (as he and a lot of people thought) dismissal.

May 1924: World War I veterans' Bonus Bill passed over Coolidge’s veto.

June 13, 1924: President Coolidge is nominated in a third ballot of the Republican National Convention in Cleveland, Ohio, after two deadlocked votes between him and Senator Johnson. California delegation walked out.

June 14, 1924: Former Budget Director and Illinois banker, Charles G. Dawes, nominated for Vice President.

June 20, 1924: This is a time to bring back old Bull Moose!, Senator Johnson proclaimed in San Francisco. I'm not going to sit here and watch White House and the Republican Party hijacked by out-of-touch, inexperienced man, who's killing our progressive traditions and have no ideas, what to do with this country.

Johnson announced he will be a candidate of newly-former Progressive Party for President. Next day, he choose Herbert Hoover as his running-mate. La Follette and Democratic Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana stood behind Johnson during speech.

June 24, 1924: Democratic National Convention begun in New York. Former Treasury Secretary William G. McAdoo and Governor Al Smith of New York were considered leading candidates for the nod.

July 7, 1924: President’s son, Calvin Coolidge, Jr., gets better after potentially dangerous blood poisoning.

July 9, 1924 After multiple deadlocked ballots and, finally, McAdoo drop-out, Party choose little-known former Congressman, Ambassador and Solicitor General in Woodrow Wilson administration, John W. Davis of West Virginia as a compromise candidate. An confirmed conservative, he defeated Smith, who enjoyed a support of liberal base, in a final ballot. Nebraska Governor Charles W. Bryan, a brother of legendary William Jennings Bryan, was chosen to balance the ticket.

September 12, 1924: Former Assistant Secretary of the Navy and 1920 Democratic vice presidential nominee Franklin D. Roosevelt passed away in his Hyde Park, New York, estate on pneumonia complications. Largely forgotten in later years, Roosevelt memory was refreshed during World War II, in regard to his action in preceding "great war".

July-November 1924: Due to his own lack of campaigning and deep break within a Republican Party, compared to active vote-seeking efforts that has been made by both Davis and Johnson, Coolidge chances for "reelection" seemed to be doomed.

November 4, 1924: John W. Davis was elected President of the United States in a three-way race, which saw epic loss of the Republican Party, which comes third in popular vote (albeit very narrowly), after Progressives.



Former Ambassador John W. Davis of West Virginia/Governor Charles W. Bryan of Nebraska (Democratic): 277 ev, 41% pv
President J. Calvin Coolidge of Massachusetts/Former Budget Director Charles G. Dawes of Illinois (Republican): 168 ev, 29% pv
Senator Hiram W. Johnson of California/Former Secretary of Commerce C. Herbert Hoover of Iowa (Progressive): 86 ev, 30% pv
« Last Edit: May 06, 2011, 11:13:49 am by Bender »Logged

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« Reply #1 on: December 06, 2009, 06:57:59 pm »
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The Presidency of John W. Davis


John William Davis (D-WV), 31st President of the United States
March 4, 1925 - ...

January 10, 1925: Progressive leaders announced that they are determined to make newly-ressurected party a permanent force. After millions of Americans show us such a great trust last November, this is simply our duty to keep movement alive, Hiram Johnson explained.

February 2, 1925: As number of a progressive Republicans in Congress decided to join new party (plus one Democrat, Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana), they became third force in the Senate and second in House, as Democrats retained a majority in both chambers.

Senators from the Progressive Party:

William E. Borah (ID)
Hiram W. Johnson (CA)
Burton K. Wheeler (MT)
Robert M. La Follette (WI)  
Lynn Frazier (ND)
Robert N. Stanfield (OR)

March 4, 1925 John William Davis and Charles W. Bryan are inaugurated as 31st President and 31st Vice President of the United States respectively.

In his inaugural address, a famed orator Davis promised to maintain "our glorious prosperity" and accented his support for state’s rights and opposition to the progressive measures.
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« Reply #2 on: December 06, 2009, 07:09:14 pm »
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For one, Davis would never achieve that much of the popular vote, being a Conservative from the South who even denouced the Klan. Also, many people felt comfortable with the Republican Party while entering into a period of economic prosperity. While Coolidge did not personsally campaign, he had many other, more charismatic figures speak for him. The Progressive Party had already been established since 1922, and was popular among Liberal Democrats, which hurt Davis historically, and in this case would also take Liberal Republicans.

On another note, Coolidge's persona is often considered a plus, since it reminded people of the elder days, or something like that.

And you posted before I could respond......
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« Reply #3 on: December 06, 2009, 07:15:50 pm »
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I need an interesting POD to make a timeline.

Just like Cox defeating Harding in 1920 or Reagan in 1968 - all impossible.
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« Reply #4 on: December 06, 2009, 07:21:22 pm »
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I need an interesting POD to make a timeline.

Just like Cox defeating Harding in 1920 or Reagan in 1968 - all impossible.
I know. It is just the electoral map that is bothering me.
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« Reply #5 on: December 06, 2009, 07:34:23 pm »
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I tried to balance it in modification
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« Reply #6 on: December 06, 2009, 09:02:03 pm »
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I doubt Davis would be a substantially better President than Cal. He was colorless and conservative. He might've been more sympathetic to farmers and urban workers, but it's doubtful.
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« Reply #7 on: December 06, 2009, 09:03:58 pm »
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I doubt Davis would be a substantially better President than Cal. He was colorless and conservative. He might've been more sympathetic to farmers and urban workers, but it's doubtful.

Thanks for comment, Dr. Cynic. Despite his colorlessnes, Davis election will change landscape Wink

Btw, no one noticed former Assistant Navy Secretary death so far Tongue
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« Reply #8 on: December 06, 2009, 11:59:55 pm »
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I need an interesting POD to make a timeline.

Just like Cox defeating Harding in 1920 or Reagan in 1968 - all impossible.

Hey, Reagan didn't run in 1968 so we can't trully say what would have happened in alt 1968 election would look like with him in the race. But I definatley like this timeline, looks like we might finally see a break in the Republican Party setting the Progressives to win in '32...Keep it comming Kal
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« Reply #9 on: December 07, 2009, 07:04:26 am »
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March 4, 1925: Along with Davis/Bryan inauguration, the new, 69th, Congress begun it's first session.

United States Senate:

Democratic Party: 50
Republican Party: 39
Progressive Party: 6
Farmer-Labor Party (caucused with Progressives): 1

President pro tempore: Oscar W. Underwood (D-AL)
Majority Leader: Joseph T. Robinson (D-AR)
Majority Whip: Peter G. Gerry (D-RI)
Minority Leader: Charles Curtis (R-KS)
Minority Whip: Wesley L. Jones (R-IL)
Progressive Leader: Robert M. La Follette (P-WI)
Progressive Whip: Burton K. Wheeler (P-MT)

United States House of Representatives:

Democratic Party: 223
Republican Party: 149
Progressive Party: 59
Farmer Labor: 3
American Labor: 1
Socialist: 1

Speaker of the House: Finis J. Garrett (D-TN)
Majority Leader: John N. Garner (D-TX)
Majority Whip: William A. Oldfield (D-AR)
Minority Leader: Nicholas Longworth (R-IL)
Minority Whip: Albert H. Vestal (R-IN)
Progressive Leader: Melville C. Kelly (P-PA)
Progressive Whip: Franck R. Havenner (P-CA)

March 4 – March 29, 1925: President Davis completed a formation of his cabinet, which includes mostly Southern Democratc and one Conservative Republican.

Noteworthy, William G. McAdoo, who after his own bid failed helped Davis to beat Smith at the DNC, returned to serve as the Treasury Secretary.

Vice President: Charles W. Bryan (D-NE)
Secretary of State: Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (D-DE)
Secretary of the Treasury: William G. McAdoo (D-CA)
Secretary of War: James W. Wadsworth, Jr. (R-NY)
Attorney General: J. Morris Sheppard (D-TX)
Postmaster General: Frank Polk (D-NY)
Secretary of the Navy: William W. Brandon (D-AL)
Secretary of the Interior: Frank L. Houx (D-WY)
Secretary of Agriculture: Samuel M. Ralston (D-IN)
Secretary of Commerce: Cary A. Hardee (D-FL)
Secretary of Labor: George L. Berry (D-TN)
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« Reply #10 on: December 07, 2009, 09:39:22 am »
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This should definetly be interesting.
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« Reply #11 on: December 07, 2009, 12:50:39 pm »
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March 12, 1925: Within just few days in office, President Davis nominated his successor as Solicitor General in Wilson administration, Alexander Campbell King, to be the next Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, in a place of retiring Joseph McKenna.

March 23, 1925: The Isle of Pines Treaty is finally ratified by the Senate.

April 2, 1925: Former Commerce Secretary and 1924 Progressive vice presidential nominee Herbert C. Hoover, who resumed his business and humanitarian interest, was asked by a journalist about his future plans, replied: I’ll continue to fight for Progressive caucuses. Hoover is considered a potential candidate for President in 1928.

April 26, 1925: Former Chancellor Wilhelm Marx (Centre Party) is elected President of the German Reich in a place of deceased Social Democratic incumbent Friedrich Ebert. He defeated Communist Ernst Thaalman in a runoff, after a movement to draft retired Field Marshall Paul von Hindenburg as a conservative candidate failed.

May 2, 1925: Governor Al Smith of New York, during a speech to large audience in Bronx, warned Davis administration against alienating working-class and progressive Democratic base.

May 5, 1925: John T. Scopes, a Tennessee teacher, was arrested for teaching Darwin's theory of evolution.

May 10, 1925: During a speech in his hometown in Clarksburg, West Virginia, President Davis delivered a some kind of response to Smith warning, accenting his administration support of state’s rights and, as he called "maintaining a right direction of American economy, which can reach never-ending prosperity as long, as stays away from any form of radicalism".

May 13, 1925: Archibald King took an oath as Associate Justice.

June 20, 1925: Senator Robert M. La Follette of Wisconsin died.

June 30, 1925: Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana replaces La Follette as Senate Progressive Leader, while Lynn Frazier of South Dakota became a Whip.

July 1925: Scopes has been found guilty and fined with $100. Vice President brother and three-time Democratic presidential nominee William J. Bryan acted as a part of prosecution team. Despite guilty verdict, Bryan has been humiliated during the trail by defense attorney Clarence Darrow, which hurts position of his brother, who, to all fairness, stayed away from the whole affair.
President David issued a short statement expressing respect for Tennessee law, but voicing a concern about a "great emotions" surrounding the case. Privately, he told his nephew and adopted son, Cyrus Vance, few years later: “Those fools are making us a world laughstock and are hurting the Democratic Party".

July 26, 1925: William J. Bryan passed away. Both President and Vice President attended funeral service.

August 8, 1925: The Ku Klux Klan holds a massive political demonstration in Washington, D.C. Possibly the largest Klan parade in history. President Davis was very concerned about the events, as he, while remaining state‘s rights firm believer and segregation supporter, he personally opposed the organization. However, due to Klan strength in the Democratic Party and South, his prime base, he was very reluctant to take any action against Klan.

September 18, 1925: During a speech before Senate, Hiram Johnson called President Davis "a Democratic version of Coolidge: a man without action, new ideas, who just prefer to maintain the same situation for ever". "The only major difference perhaps", Johnson ironized, "is that Coolidge supporters did not wear white robes".

September 30, 1925: 30-year old Robert M. La Follette, Jr., a son of deceased Progressive leader, took his father old Senate seat.

January 27, 1926: The Senate adopts a resolution allowing the United States to join the World Court, which was quickly accepted by Davis administration. I’m really sorry President Wilson left us before he could see this, Davis commented during joining ceremony.

February 26, 1926: Revenue Act signed into a law.

April 29, 1926: France and the United States sign an agreement canceling 60% of France’s World War I debt.

May 9, 1926: First successful flight over the North Pole.

May 10, 1926: U.S. begun military intervention in Nicaragua.

May 20, 1926: Air Commerce Act passed.

October 10, 1926: Explosion of naval ammunition depot at Lake Denmark, New Jersey after strucking by the lighting.

October 14, 1926: After severe public criticism, considered as inexperienced Secretary of the Navy William W. Brandon resigns. In order to restore morals in Navy, Davis decided to nominate former Wilson Secretary Josephus Daniels. However, according to the legend, Davis lamented: "what’s a pity young Roosevelt is no longer among us. He would be perfect for this job".

October 25, 1926: The Supreme Court ruled that the President has the right to remove cabinet members at his own discretion, thus nullifying a "Tenure of Office" Act.

October 30, 1926: House rejects a bill which would provide U.S. citizenship to Native Americans.

November 3, 1926: Democratic Party won Congressional elections, enlarging their majority in each chamber. Progressives also made several gains.
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« Reply #12 on: December 08, 2009, 07:10:42 pm »
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February 18, 1927: The United States and Canada establish diplomatic relations independently from the British Crown.

February 27, 1927: Federal Radio Commission created.

March 4, 1927 The New Congress convenes.

United States Senate:

Democratic Party: 52
Republican Party: 35
Progressive Party: 12
Farmer-Labor (caucused with Progressives): 1

Senate leadership remained unchanged, with an expection that Senator Key Pittman (D-NV) replaced retired Oscar Underwood as President pro tempore.

House of Representatives:

Democratic Party: 231
Progressive Party: 104
Republican Party: 97
Farmer-Labor: 2 (caucused with Progressives)
Socialist: 1 (caucused with Progressives)  

March 7, 1927: As the United States Supreme Court rules that a Texas law prohibiting blacks from voting in Democratic primaries is unconstitutional, President Davis once again found himself on thought spot due to outrage of White Southern Democrats. The White House refused to comment.

March 10, 1927: Asked by a friends if he’s going to run for President as a Progressive in 1928, Herbert Hoover replied: No, I’m not going to. Davis is just too popular now to beat him. Our time shall arrive, but not now.

April 1, 1927: London-based respected TIMES published an in-depth article on John W. Davis administration. There are some excretes:

Mr. Davis, a well-manered old school gentleman, choose rather low key, despite his considerable oratorical skills, profile in public. He seems to be a true follower of Woodrow Wilson path: economically and socially a conservative, is nothelessly much more friendly toward farmers and unions than the Republicans. An avid internationalist, he's willing to bring United States to the League of Nations, despite congressional oppositions. He already opened more ties with Great Britain and France and allow U.S. to join International Court. As of other domestic issues, it's near impossible to expect deeper reform, as he seems to believe in non-interventionism as a key to maintain "Non-Stop-Prosperity-For-Ever", a slogan Democrats successfully stole from GOP. A brilliant legal mind, he would use judicial judiprudence to prevent racial integration and anti-discriminatory measures not only due to his sincere believe in state’s rights, but to not irritate his base, as he did as Wilson Solicitor General, denouncing KKK.

May 21, 1927: Charles Lindbergh killed during his attempt to make first transatlantic flight. Remains never found.

May 30, 1927: After Lindbergh was officially found dead, President Davis ordered two days of national mourning.

August 2, 1927: President Davis publicly confirmed that he will run for reelection next year.

August 27, 1927: Despite massive protest at home and abroad, anarchist Sacco and Vanzetti were electrocuted in Massachusetts. President Davis privately asked Governor Alvan T. Fuller to grant a commutation in order to calm down a rapid Anti-American protests worldwide. Fuller declined.

November 1, 1927: New York Governor Al Smith made a stunning declaration that he’s leaving Democratic Party and is joining a Progressive Party.
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« Reply #13 on: December 08, 2009, 07:19:52 pm »
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Very interesting! Smiley
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« Reply #14 on: December 08, 2009, 07:46:22 pm »
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January 19, 1928: Vice President Charles W. Bryan confirmed the speculations that he will not seek renomination. Largely powerless, isolated by conservative establishment and broken by his brother death, following a public humiliation in Tennessee, Bryan was determined to retire from politics once and for all after his term would expire.

February 20, 1928: President Davis asked privately New York liberal Senator Royal S. Coopeland if he'd be interesting in joining a ticket. Davis clearly wanted to balance ticket once again, but Coopeland declined.

June 12 – June 15, 1928: Republican National Convention in Kansas City nominates Senate Minority Leader Charles Curtis of Kansas for President and Senator Guy D. Goff of West Virginia for Vice President. This is already a sacrificial lamb ticket, former President Coolidge predicted bitterly while talking to his wife, Grace.

Among other competitors (with not so,  many, as elections were inndeed already considered lost by Republican leaders) for the nod were former Illinois Governor Frank Lowden, Governor Alvan T. Fuller of Massachusetts and Senator James Eli Watson of Indiana.

June 26 – June 28, 1928: Democratic National Convention in Houston, Texas easily renominated President John W. Davis. The great shock was caused by his selection for Vice President. Although a staunch women suffrage opponent, in order to find an unambitious and low-key Vice President and gain women votes, he allowed Convention to choose former Governor Nellie Ross Taylor of Wyoming. Our Southern base may be displeased, but they will stay with us anyway, he said to his advisors.

August 3 – August 5, 1928: With such first tier leaders as Johnson, Hoover and Wheeler abstaining from the unwinneable, as it seemed, race, the first Progressive National Convention in New York City selected Governor Al Smith, who was credited with bringing a number of progressive Democrats with him. His lone opponent, Senator George Norris of Nebraska, became vice presidential running-mate.

August 27, 1928: So-called Bayard-Braind pact signed, substituting diplomacy and world opinion for armed conflict.

November 6, 1928: President Davis comfortably won re-election.



President John W. Davis of West Virginia/Former Governor Nellie Ross Taylor of Wyoming (Democratic): 370 ev, 53% pv
Governor Alfred E. Smith of New York/Senator George H. Norris of Nebraska (Progressive): 126 ev, 36% pv
Senate Minority Leader Charles Curtis of Kansas/Senator Guy D. Goff of West Virginia (Republican): 35 ev, 11% pv

While Smith lost even his home state, his presence in the ticket is widely credited with bringing Massachusetts and Rhode Island to the Progressive, until then mostly Western, column.

Miserable performance of Republicans, on the other hand, is considered as a symbolic moment, when they ceased to be a major power and began to decline.  
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« Reply #15 on: December 08, 2009, 07:55:32 pm »
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Presidents:

29th: Warren G. Harding (R-OH), March 4, 1921 – August 5, 1923
30th: J. Calvin Coolidge (R-MA), August 5, 1923 – March 4, 1925
31st: John W. Davis (D-WV), March 4, 1925 – present

Vice Presidents:

29th: J. Calvin Coolidge (R-MA), March 4, 1921 – August 5, 1923
Vacant, August 5, 1923 – March 4, 1925
30th: Charles W. Bryan (D-NE), March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
31st: Nellie Ross Taylor (D-WY), March 4, 1929 – present   
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« Reply #16 on: December 09, 2009, 09:20:27 am »
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Second term of John W. Davis

January 1, 1929: Albert Ottinger, a Progressive-leaning Republican was sworn-in as 44th Governor of New York. He is the first Jewish-American ever to hold that position. Ottinger replaced Al Smith, who just lost his presidential bid.

January 10, 1929: Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party, after a years of caucusing, finally decided to merge with Progressives.

March 4, 1929: John W. Davis inaugurated for a second term as President of the United States. Nellie Ross Taylor inaugurated as first female Vice President.

The new, 71st Congress convenes as well. Badly reduced Republican caucuses did not elects their whips for “organizational reasons”.

United States House of Representatives:

Democratic: 275
Progressive: 123
Republican: 37

Speaker of the House: John N. Garner (D-TX)
Majority Leader: Arthur H. Greenwood (D-IN)
Majority Whip: John McDuffie (D-AL)
Minority Leader: Franck R. Havenner (P-CA)
Mnority Whip: William Lemke (P-ND)
Republican Leader: Nicholas Longworth (R-OH)

United States Senate

Democratic: 56
Progressive: 31
Republican: 9

President pro tempore: Key Pittman (D-NV)
Majority Leader: James T. Robinson (D-AR)
Majority Whip: Morris Sheppard (D-TX)
Minority Leader: Burton K. Wheeler (P-MT)
Minority Whip: George H. Norris (P-NE)
Republican Leader: Charles Curtis (R-KS)

March 4 - April 14, 1929: Second cabinet of John W. Davis formed

Vice President: Nellie Ross Taylor (D-WY)
Secretary of State: Thomas F. Bayard, Jr. (D-DE)
Secretary of the Treasury: John Burke (D-ND)
Secretary of War: Henry S. Breckinridge (D-NY)
Attorney General: William L. Frierson (D-TN)
Postmaster General: Clem L. Shaver (D-WV)
Secretary of the Navy: Charles Edison (D-NJ)
Secretary of the Interior: Frank L. Houx (D-WY)
Secretary of Agriculture: Samuel M. Ralston (D-IN)
Secretary of Commerce: Cary A. Hardee (D-FL)
Secretary of Labor: George L. Berry (D-TN)
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« Reply #17 on: December 09, 2009, 05:04:04 pm »
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April 15, 1929: NYC police raid the Birth Control Clinical Research Center established by Margaret Sanger.

May 16, 1929: The first annual Academy Awards are presented.

May 20, 1929: Aware that despite Democratic majority the Senate still would not approve joining the League of Nation, President Davis suggested French and British Governments to sign an additional pact, which would establish a cooperation in a field of war prevention.

May 27, 1929: Use of the pocket veto by the President for the purpose of blocking legislation upheld by the United States Supreme Court.

June 1, 1929: Electric chair became a method of executions in the District of Columbia.

June 15, 1929: Agricultural Marketing Act signed into a law.

July 3, 1929: One day before Independence Day, Herbert Hoover told a friend in a deep confidence, that he'll seek Presidency as Progressive in 1932.

August 13, 1929: After a conference with Secretary of State Bayard, President Davis told his cabinet he’s intending to establish a diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union. No matter how we disagree with their ideology, this is too large country to ignore. I’m not talking, of course, about any alliance or friendship. Just normal, useful, contacts.

October 22, 1929: New York Stock Exchange experiences a collapse in stock prices as 13 million shares are sold. Great Depression begun.

January 1930: 4.3 percent of the population are illiterate, according to U.S. Census report.

February 3, 1930: Former President and, since 1921, Chief Justice of the United States William Howard Taft retires.

February 24, 1930: Davis choice for next Chief Justice, somewhat suprise pick of Senator Walter George of Georgia, who has been approbed with 60 to 36 margin by Senate.

March 8, 1930: Former President and incumbent Chief Justice of the United States William Howard Taft passed away shortly in his retirement.

April 1930: Idea of London Naval Treaty abandoned due to disagreements between key powers.

June 17, 1930: Despite a number of concerns from economists, President Davis sign a the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act into a law.

July 3, 1930: Creation of the Veteran’s Administration.

September 1930: A bank panic begun.

October 12, 1930: Wilson last Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby became first United States Envoy to the Soviet Union. Davis appoints Colby, who turned to Progressives, mostly due to his merits.

November 5, 1930: Due to poor economic situation and thus anti-administrations sentiments, Progressives for the first time gained a majority in the House of Representatives and narrowed Democratic majority in Senate.  

December 4, 1930: Davis ask outgoing Congress to fund for public works projects in order to stem the growing tide of unemployment. Only 90 millions dollars assigned in a lame duck session.
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« Reply #18 on: December 10, 2009, 02:33:21 pm »
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January 4, 1931: Just four days into a new year, Herbert Hoover delivered his famous speech in Iowa. He attacked Davis administration for "letting people suffer" and doing nothing to prevent depression from spreading. "In situation like this", Hoover said, "Government, despite a lack of precedences, have to take an active role!"

January, 7, 1931: The President's Emergency Committee reports that the number of unemployed is nearly five million.

February 3, 1931: A leader of German National Socialist Party, Adolf Hitler, is assassinated during a rally in Berlin by a communist gunman.

February 27, 1931: Bonus Loan Bill passed and signed into a law.

March 3, 1931: The Star Spangled Banner adopted as official U.S. National Anthem.

March 4, 1931: 72nd Congress convences.

United States Senate:

Progressive Party: 48
Democratic Party: 42
Republican Party: 6

President pro tempore: William E. Borah (P-ID)
Majority Leader: Burton K. Wheeler (P-MT)
Majority Whip: George H. Norris (P-NE)
Minority Leader: Joseph T. Robinson (D-AK)
Minority Whip: Morris Sheppard (D-TX)
Republican Leader: Charles Curtis (R-KS)

United States House of Representatives:

Progressive Party: 220
Democratic Party: 181
Republican Party: 34

Speaker of the House: Franck R. Havenner (P-CA)
Majority Leader: William Lemke (P-ND)
Majority Whip: Knud Wefald (P-MN)
Minority Leader: John N. Garner (D-TX)
Minority Whip: Arthur H. Greenwood (D-AL)
Republican Leader: Bertrand Snell (R-PN)

June 20, 1931: Davis administration proposes a one-year moratorium on debt payments owed America in return for Europe returning the favor on U.S. debts. Although passed, the act doesn't make a big difference in easing depression worldwide.

June 30, 1931: Asked if she have any future political plans, Vice President Nellie Ross Taylor replied: Of course not.

August 1, 1931: Hoover affirmed he'll seek Progressive Party nomination.

September 1931: Begun of massive bank closures.

October 17, 1931: Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison and a $50,000 fine.

October 20, 1931: United States, France and Great Britian signed futher treaty, which would establish a some kind of cooperation between their governments in solving international crisis, which can evole into a war.  

December 7, 1931: "Hunger marchers" arrives to the Washington. Delegations meet with President Davis, but without any real results.

December 10, 1931: Senator Cordell Hull of Tennessee decided to seek 1932 Democratic presidential nomination.

December 31, 1931: During a talk with fellow lawmakers, former Speaker and now Minority Leader John N. Garner also indicated presidential ambitions.

January 22, 1932: Reconstruction Finance Corporation, an agency designed to lend money to banks, insurance companies, and other institutions to stimulate the economy, established with a budged about 4 billion dolars.

February 3, 1932: Despite Hoover status as a frontrunner for Progressive Party nomination, Senator Norris once again decided to throw a hat into a ring.

April 3, 1932: President Davis indicated to Democratic leadership, that’s he’s preffering Hull’s candidacy over Garner, however, knowing his unpopularity, he’s publicly abstaining from the process.

June 14 – June 16 1932: Republican National Convention took place in Chicago, Illinois nominates former Senator Joseph I. France of Maryland as a presidential candidate and retiring Senator John J. Blaine of Wisconsin for Vice President.

June 27 – July 2 1932: After three deadlocked ballots at the Democratic National Convention, also held in Chicago, Garner eventually won nomination. Senator Royal Coopeland of New York became vice presidential nominee after beging put under a huge preassure to accept for the "party's sake". Severeal other minor candidates beside Garner and Hull includes Governor George White of Ohio, Governor William A. Murray of Oklahoma and Governor Albert Ritchie of Maryland.

July 10 – July 14, 1932: Hoover defeats Norris at Progressive National Convention, held in New York City. Republican-turned-Progressive Governor Albert Ottinger of New York received and accepted Vice Presidential nomination.

November 8, 1932 Hebert C. Hoover elected President of the United States, becoming the first Progressive to attaing the office.



Former Secretary of Commerce Herbert C. Hoover of California/Governor Albert E. Ottinger of New York (Progressive): 398 ev, 53% pv
House Minority Leader John N. Garner/Senator Royal S. Coopeland of New York (Democratic): 124 ev, 34% pv
Former Senator Joseph I. France of Maryland/Senator John J. Blaine of Wisconsin (Republican): 9 ev, 13% pv
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« Reply #19 on: December 10, 2009, 03:51:58 pm »
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Comment, thoughts?
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« Reply #20 on: December 10, 2009, 04:12:26 pm »
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Very cool. The Alternate Hoover Presidency will be very interesting. Smiley
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« Reply #21 on: December 10, 2009, 04:24:02 pm »
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Presidents:

29th: Warren G. Harding (R-OH), March 4, 1921 – August 5, 1923
30th: J. Calvin Coolidge (R-MA), August 5, 1923 – March 4, 1925
31st: John W. Davis (D-WV), March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1933
32nd: Herbert C. Hoover (P-CA), March 4, 1933 - present

Vice Presidents:

29th: J. Calvin Coolidge (R-MA), March 4, 1921 – August 5, 1923
Vacant, August 5, 1923 – March 4, 1925
30th: Charles W. Bryan (D-NE), March 4, 1925 – March 4, 1929
31st: Nellie Ross Taylor (D-WY), March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933
32nd: Albert E. Ottinger (P-NY), March 4, 1933 - present 
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« Reply #22 on: December 10, 2009, 04:31:45 pm »
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Very cool. The Alternate Hoover Presidency will be very interesting. Smiley

It certainly is a topic of fascination of mine and it should be interesting to see how this Hoover presidency is different to my timeline based on a similar concept, which can be found here. Be warned, its not that good and yet another version is the pipeworks Grin.

Anyway, I concur with Barnes; so far, so good, although you could use the butterfly effect a bit more, then again I do say that to everyone these days. The developments in the Weimar I expect should be most interesting, more so due to the election of Hoover and the Progressives in November.
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« Reply #23 on: December 10, 2009, 04:34:36 pm »
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Very cool. The Alternate Hoover Presidency will be very interesting. Smiley

It certainly is a topic of fascination of mine and it should be interesting to see how this Hoover presidency is different to my timeline based on a similar concept, which can be found here. Be warned, its not that good and yet another version is the pipeworks Grin.

Anyway, I concur with Barnes; so far, so good, although you could use the butterfly effect a bit more, then again I do say that to everyone these days. The developments in the Weimar I expect should be most interesting, more so due to the election of Hoover and the Progressives in November.

Yup, Marx is President of the German Reich (forgot to ass his reelection in 1932) and Adolf get shot. Doesn't mean Nazi dissapeared Tongue
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« Reply #24 on: December 10, 2009, 04:44:07 pm »
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Yup, Marx is President of the German Reich (forgot to ass his reelection in 1932) and Adolf get shot. Doesn't mean Nazi dissapeared Tongue

Damn! It would have been interesting to see the Weimar Republic survive without the threat of fascism, but rather that of the Soviet Union, and thus the revolution of the proletariat would remain mainstream, despite Trotsky's exile. Any drastic changes in Great Britain and the rest of Europe or will such changes remain dormant for the time being?
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