Before we begin, I want to thank Hashemite, who is writing a similar write-up on France, and Basileus Giorgios, a user on alternatehistory.com, who provided some of the inspiration for the parties in this thread (and, from whom, in fact, I stole the political system and borders).
In the modern-day Roman Empire, the Emperor is little more than a figurehead to the Senate, which has 1,000 members and is the main governing body of the Empire, though recent reforms have strengthened local government. The two main parties are the center-right Imperial League and the left-wing Popular Assembly (the Assembly has drifted closer to the center within the past several decades). Smaller parties include the Christian Democrats, once center-left but which are now comparatively right-wing, the New Progressives, a trendy center/maybe-center-left party that advocates significant election reform, the Radical Imperialists, a right-wing party that usually participates in coalitions with the Imperial League, the Islamic Party, a leftist party geared towards the Empire's Muslim minority, and the Greens, an environmentalist party. There are also many regional parties, which win a few seats, the most notable of which is the Bulgarian Republican Party, which once advocated independence for Bulgaria but have calmed down since losing the 1994 referendum. There are some minor parties; due to voter anger over the recession, one of these, the far-right neo-Spartakist Golden Dawn, seems set to enter Parliament in 2010, much to the chagrin of the left and mainstream right. Elections are set every five years.
In the most recent elections, in 2005, Popular Assembly leader Antonis Anemomulos, who had ruled since the Popular Assembly won a landslide in 1995, ending fifteen straight years of majority IL rule, chose to step down. This was the first election in which leadership debates were held, and the Imperial League, Radical Imperialists, Christian Democrats, New Progressives, and Islamic Party all sent their leaders the Popular Assembly and the Greens did not send their leaders but instead sent a respected Constantinopolitan scientist to represent both parties. Due to a good performance by New Progressive leader Nikolaos Klymenos at the debate, the New Progressives surged, largely taking support from the Popular Assembly and the Greens but also some from the Imperial League. The result was a Klastic Senate (no party majority), with the Imperial League in first but with barely 400 of the seats, followed by the Popular Assembly, then the New Progressives, then the other parties. Negotiations between the Imperial League and the New Progressives came to nothing, as ultimately a 'red-blue' national unity government was formed, with the Imperial League, Radical Imperialists, the Popular Assembly, and the Greens joining. Klymenos became the Leader of the Opposition. Although the government, led by David Kammenos of the Imperial League, was popular at first, the recession in 2007 destroyed its popularity. The Greens left the coalition and severed their alliance with the Popular Assembly in 2008. Now, it is the 2010 election.
I will be analyzing every single one of the 1,000 seats in the Knesset, starting in the west and ending in the east, to determine which party they will vote for. Here, for those of you who didn't read that, is a summary of the parties, which are not simply regionals:
Imperial League (David Kammenos): A participant in the governing coalition; center-right. Dominant in the Western Balkans and the Peloponnesus, Thrace, the suburbs of Constantinople, and coastal Anatolia generally. Competitive in Italy. Dominant in most Mediterranean islands, except Cyprus and Malta. Dominant in Alexandria, and competitive in the southern Levant.
Popular Assembly (George Venizelos): A participant in the governing coalition; center-left. Dominant in the eastern Balkans and in Constantinople itself. Won most seats in the Crimea last election. Competitive in Italy. Dominant in central Anatolia, Cilicia, and Antioch. Dominant in Armenia. Competitive in the Levant. Dominant in most of Egypt. Inner-cities usually vote for the Popular Assembly.
New Progressives (Nikolaos Klymenos): The main opposition; centrist. Dominant in Lebanon and Syria; won most seats in Cyprus and won much of the general Nicean area. Competitive in Italy.
Islamic Party (Omar Mohallah): Center-left. Generally does well in majority-Islamic areas, except Egypt which votes Popular Assembly. Wins in the Sinai, Arabia Petraea, and does well along the border with Iraq. Majority-Islamic areas in Constantinople vote for the Islamic Party, as does Malta and bits of southern Sicily. For the first time, in 2010 the Islamic Party has formed an alliance with the Greens; this has been termed the 'green-green alliance' or 'really green', as both parties use the color green.
Christian Democrats (Andros Christofias): Right-wing and religious. Have a presence and pockets of strength almost everywhere, but have few real bases. Thessalonica and the surrounding area has a CD tradition, particularly the Fingers. Dominant on the island of Cyprus.
Greens (Dimosthenis Kolokotronis): Decisively left-wing and ecological. First gained seats in the election of 1985; formed alliance with the Popular Assembly in 1990, and reached their peak in 1995; they have declined since then. The Greens were originally part of the government, but broke their alliance with the PA and left the government in 2008; in the run-up to the elections, they have formed a new alliance with the IP. Although the IP has more seats, Kolokotronis claims
Radical Imperialist (Andreas Capodistrias): Right. Contains pockets of support throughout the Empire, particularly along the western Anatolian coast; are the traditional governing party of the city of Nicea. Are a significant presence along the northern coast and traditionally totally dominant in Cyprus, though in 2005 the Popular Assembly defeated them at all levels.
Golden Dawn (Nikolaos Michaloliakos): Far-right. Currently have no seats in Parliament and did not have a third of a percent of the vote in 2005; but polling indicates they are doing much better this year, drawing votes from unhappy right-wingers who once supported IL and RI, particularly around Thessalonica and the Peloponnesus. They are considered neo-Spartakist by some, though they oppose this notion. Far-right.