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| | |-+  Senate Legislation Introduction Thread
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Author Topic: Senate Legislation Introduction Thread  (Read 210 times)
tmthforu94
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« on: June 16, 2016, 11:08:16 am »
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To avoid confusion between new Atlasian laws and old, I feel it is necessary to establish a new Legislation Introduction Thread. Additionally, Dave has requested that threads not exceed 2000 posts (something with memory) and the old one is quickly approaching that.

I plan to number all Senate bills and resolutions in hopes of providing clarity to the process. I will base it off year, then do all legislation in numbering that starts with 001. I'd encourage the House to do something similar, perhaps starting with 1001. Only the leader of each body should number legislation, so don't worry about doing it if you're writing a bill.

There is going to be a learning curve with a bicameral legislature, so bear with me and please speak up if you get lost or think I'm doing something wrong.

Please state whether the bill you are introducing is a senate bill or a house bill. Also, considering a sponsor is needed in both houses, I think it would be acceptable to also list who you have sponsoring it in the other house if you would like.
« Last Edit: June 17, 2016, 10:22:00 am by tmthforu94 »Logged


tmthforu94
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« Reply #1 on: June 16, 2016, 11:08:37 am »
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Determination of Date and Rules For June 2016 Federal Elections

Section 1: Determination of Election Dates
1. The June 2016 Atlasian federal elections shall begin between 0000 Eastern Standard Time and 0001 Eastern Standard Time on June 24th and shall conclude exactly 72 hours after beginning.
2. Presidential elections shall be held in the months of February, June and October. Elections shall begin between 0000 Eastern Standard Time on the second Thursday of the election month and 0001 Eastern Standard Time on the first Friday thereafter Thursday preceding the penultimate Friday of the election month and 0001 Eastern Standard Time on the penultimate Friday itself5, and shall conclude exactly 72 hours after beginning.

2. The President and Vice President shall take office at 1200 Eastern Standard Time on the first Friday in the month after their election.

Section 2: Determination of Voter Registration and Voting Rules

1. A person may become a registered voter if they have attained eighteen posts and have been registered at the forum for at least 7 days. In registration, the person must state their name and State of fantasy residence; In addition, they may optionally state a political affiliation.
 
2. In order to vote or be a candidate in an election, a person must have been a registered voter seven days before the earliest possible commencement of the election. If a voter changes their state of registration between that time and the election, the state from which they were originally registered shall be the state from which their vote is cast.
   
3.If a person deletes their user account then their registration will no longer be valid.
   
4.Any registered voter who fails to vote in elections for six months for which they are qualified to vote shall have their registration no longer considered valid. The said voter may only be deregistered after missing three federal elections, not including runoffs and special elections. A vote in a special election or runoff will be counted towards activity the same as a vote in a regular federal election. This clause shall not be construed to deny a forum user the right to register anew.
 
5. Persons may only change their State of registration from one region to another region once every 180 days. Changes in State of registration may only occur within a single region every 24 hours.

6. If any voter will be unable to vote in a federal election during the time allotted, they may request to absentee vote at any time seven days preceding the election  The Senate may by appropriate legislation determine the procedure for absentee voting.
   
7. Persons who edit their post in which their vote(s) are contained at the place of voting after twenty minutes shall have their vote counted as void.

8.Any political party of three or more members is considered to be an organized political party.

9. All articles in this act should be retroactive covering the period of time between the ratification of the constitution and implementation of the constitution.
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Pingvin
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« Reply #2 on: June 16, 2016, 03:59:20 pm »
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Currency Tactile Feature Act
1. All Atlasian dollar bills, including $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 notes, must carry the designation in Braille to make it possible for the blind people to determine the denomination.
2. The currency denomination must be recognized easily, thus the banknotes use full Braille blocks (or cells) of 6 dots. The $5 bill has one cell, with the $10, $20, and $50 denominations each having one more cell than previous. The $100 bill has two cells arranged such that there is a space of two empty cells between them.
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tmthforu94
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« Reply #3 on: June 19, 2016, 04:03:05 pm »
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Capital Punishment Abolition Amendment

Article I of the Fourth Constitution Shall be amended as follows:

...
Section 9. No person accused of crimes under the laws of this Republic, or of the several Regions, shall be compelled to bear witness against himself, nor subjected to excessive bail, nor cruel or unusual punishment. Capital punishment may not be prescribed by a civilian court of law.
...
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tmthforu94
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« Reply #4 on: June 19, 2016, 09:46:20 pm »
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Senate Rules and Procedures

Article 1: Purpose and Definitions

1. Purpose - The purpose of these rules is to provide the Senate with guidelines and to define the powers of its officers.
2. Definitions
Legislation - any bill, Constitutional amendment, or resolution
President Pro-Tempore - the Senate's presiding officer
President of the Senate- the Senate's presiding officer for confirmation threads
Sponsor - the Senator who introduces a piece of legislation to the Legislation Introduction Thread or the Senator who assumes sponsorship when the original sponsor of a piece of legislation leaves the Senate or withdraws his or her sponsorship
Senate Floor - the threads open for Senate debate and voting on legislation on the Fantasy Government board

Article II: Senate Officers

1. The PPT shall be the presiding officer of the Senate and shall be responsible for upholding the provisions of these rules.
2. The most senior Senator who isn't on Leave of Absence, or the Senator chosen by the most senior Senator, shall convene the Senate to elect a PPT on the first day of each legislative session and when the office of PPT is vacant. The Senate shall elect a PPT from among its members by majority consent. The most senior Senator, who isn't on Leave of Absence, or the senator chosen by the most senior Senator shall retain the powers and prerogatives as PPT until the election of the PPT.
3. The PPT shall retain the powers and prerogatives as the President of the Senate under the following circumstances: a. A publicly announced absence by the President of the Senate from the Atlas Forum. b. If the President of the Senate has been inactive from the Atlas Forum for seven (7) days. c. In any case where the President of the Senate has failed to uphold the provisions of this Procedural Resolution when it is in his power to do so individually. d. During any period of time when no person is presently holding the office of President of the Senate. e. the President of the Senate should be absent by reason of exercising responsibility as Acting President of the Republic of Atlasia under the Constitution. f. A publicly announced conferral of such powers by the President of the Senate.
4. If the PPT fails to post on the Fantasy Government Board for a period exceeding 5 days, i.e. 120 hours, then the most senior Senator shall immediately convene the Senate to elect a new PPT. The PPT may appoint another Senator as Acting PPT during announced periods of absence. If the PPT has done so, it shall not be necessary to elect a new PPT unless the Acting PPT is also for 5 days, i.e. 120 hours.

Article III: Introducing Legislation

1. The PPT shall keep a thread on the Fantasy Government board for Senators to introduce legislation. This thread shall be known as the Legislation Introduction Thread. Sitting Senators, the President and Vice President of Atlasia may post in this thread. The PPT shall also keep a separate thread listing all sponsored legislation in the Legislation Introduction Thread.
2. Any legislation that would amend amend existing laws, previous Senate resolutions, or the Constitution must contain either A) clear instructions specifying all proposed alterations to the original text or B) a statement that the proposed amendment would override the original text. Any alterations to the original text that are not clearly specified (e.g. with obvious highlighting, bolding, striking-through, or a visible change in the color of the text) shall not be considered by the Senate and shall not take effect upon passage of the legislation.
3. The PPT may keep up to nine threads open for voting and debate simultaneously. Each piece of legislation shall have a separate thread.
4.The first six open threads shall be open to all legislation. The PPT shall move legislation to these threads in the order in which it was introduced in the Legislation Introduction thread, except when the sponsor already has legislation on the Senate floor. If the sponsor already has two or more pieces legislation on the Senate floor, legislation from Senators who do not shall take priority until all such other legislation is completed. The seventh open thread shall be reserved for bills submitted by civilians in the Public Consultation and Legislation Submission thread.
5. The eighth and ninth open thread shall be reserved for legislation related to national emergencies declared by the President of Atlasia. The PPT shall introduce legislation to these threads as directed by the President, but only when the President has declared a state of national emergency.
6. Legislation shall no longer count toward the eight-thread limit when it is no longer on the Senate floor. Senate Legislation is no longer on the Senate floor under any of the following conditions:
(a) For bills - When the bill is forwarded to the President for action or rejected by a majority of voting Senators
(b) For resolutions - When the resolution is approved or rejected by a majority of voting Senators
(c) For Constitutional amendments - When the amendment is (1) approved by at least two-thirds of sitting Senators (in the case that the two-thirds number is a fractional number, it is rounded up) and the PPT has posted a thread notifying the regional executives of that approval or (2) rejected by more than one-third of Senators after a vote is called
(d) For all legislation - When the legislation has been tabled
7. When a new session of the Senate begins, legislation from the previous session shall remain on the floor automatically, but the new Senate may summarily table said legislation by majority consent.

Article IV: Debate

1. After a piece of legislation is introduced to the Senate floor, debate shall begin immediately. Debate on the legislation shall last for no less than 72 hours.
2. The Senate may waive the 72-hour requirement on non-controversial legislation by unanimous consent. To waive the 72-hour requirement, the PPT must request unanimous consent to waive the minimum debate time requirement and provide 24 hours for a Senator to object to this request.
3. When debate on legislation has halted for longer than 36 hours and the legislation has been on the floor for more than 72 hours, any Senator may call for a vote on said legislation. The PPT shall open a vote if no other Senator objects within 24 hours of the call for a vote.
4. Debate shall continue past the first 72 hours as long as a Senator is posting in the legislation's discussion thread, provided intervals between posts are no longer than 36 hours.
5. At any time after the first 72 hours of debate, any Senator may motion for cloture. Upon the concurrence of two-thirds of the Senate, the Senate shall end debate and the PPT slot shall open a vote on the legislation.
7. The sponsor of a piece of legislation may at any time withdraw his or her sponsorship. In addition, when a Senator leaves the Senate, his or her sponsorship shall be revoked automatically. If no other Senator moves to assume sponsorship of the legislation within 36 hours, the legislation shall be tabled automatically. If one or more Senators move to assume sponsorship, and there are no objections after 24 hours, they shall assume sponsorship. If there are objections then a vote shall be held, and if a majority of the Senate rejects all motions to assume sponsorship, the legislation shall be tabled.
8. At any time during debate on a piece of legislation, a Senator may propose an amendment to that legislation. Amendments must contain either A) clear instructions specifying all proposed alterations to the original text or B) a statement that the proposed amendment would override the original text. Any alterations to the original text that are not clearly specified (e.g. with obvious highlighting, bolding, striking-through, or a visible change in the color of the text) shall not be considered by the Senate and shall not take effect upon sponsor acceptance or Senate approval of the amendment.
9. The PPT may ignore amendments that he or she deems frivolous, functionally impractical, or unconstitutional at his or her discretion, but the Senate may compel the PPT to consider the amendment by majority consent.
10. The PPT shall allow 36 hours for objections to an amendment following its introduction. If no objections are filed, the amendment shall pass. If any objections are filed, a vote shall be held. This vote shall last until a majority of sitting Senators have voted to either approve of reject the amendment or until 3 days, i.e. 72 hours, have elapsed. No Senator may change his or her vote once the voting period has concluded.
10. If multiple non-conflicting amendments are introduced concurrently, the PPT may open concurrent votes on the amendments.
12. Any Senator may file a motion to table a piece of legislation during debate. The PPT shall open a vote on the motion to table when at least two other Senators have seconded the motion. Voting shall take place in accordance with the same rules that apply to voting on amendments, except that a two thirds majority of sitting Senators shall be required for approval of the motion to table. Tabled legislation shall be removed from the Senate floor immediately.

Article V: Voting

1. Votes on legislation shall last for a maximum of 3 days (i.e. 72 hours).
2. When a piece of legislation has enough votes to pass or fail, the office in control of the legislative slot shall announce that he or she will close the vote in 24 hours and that any Senator who wishes to change his or her vote must do so during that interval.
3. If a piece of legislation is vetoed by the president, the bill's sponsor may request an override of the veto within 3 days, i.e. 72 hours, of the veto taking place. The PPT may extend this period if the bill's sponsor is on a publicly-declared leave of absence.
4. For the purposes of overriding vetoes, any Senator who abstains from voting shall be counted as a vote against overriding the veto.

Article VI: Relationship with House of Representatives

1. When a bill passes the House of Representatives, the PPT may only bring it to the floor if a senator has agreed to sponsor it. Senators may sponsor legislation by messaging the PPT or posting in the session noticeboard.
2. When a bill passes the Senate, the PPT shall notify the House Speaker of its passage.
3. Should similar bills pass through both chambers with conflicting provisions, the Speaker of the House and PPT shall each appoint one member in addition to themselves to serve on a Conference Committee, which shall draft a compromise version of the bill. The bill must then pass both chambers on an up or down vote.
4. A bill shall be sent to the president after it has been approved by both chambers. The leader of the chamber it most recently passed shall notify the president.

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tmthforu94
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« Reply #5 on: June 19, 2016, 09:48:36 pm »
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Article VII: Presidential Nominees

1. The President of the Senate shall open a confirmation hearing for presidential nominees immediately following the president's announcement of the nomination.
2. Each hearing shall last for at least 3 days (i.e. 72 hours). The hearing may be abbreviated according to the unanimous consent rules outlined in Article IV: Rules on Senate Debate. Voting shall take place in the same fashion as votes on legislation would otherwise, according to the rules outlined in Article V: Rules on Voting.

Article VIII: Senate Committees

1. The Senate may convene standing and special Senate Committees to facilitate discussion. No sitting Senator may be excluded from a Senate Committee.

Article IX: Expulsion of a sitting Senator

Section 1: Introduction of an Article of Expulsion Expulsion proceedings shall be initiated if:
1) The Senator has not posted anything on the Atlas Fantasy Government board for 168 consecutive hours and hasn't posted a valid Leave of Absence (then the time covered by that LOA shall not count toward those 168 hours, but periods of inactivity before and after the LOA shall count as a continuous period, provided there are no interceding posts. In order to be valid, a Leave of Absence shall not be longer than 368 hours). And an article of expulsion has been introduced in the Legislative Introduction Thread.
2) 5 Senators have sponsored an article of expulsion, introduced in the Legislative Introduction Thread, against one of their Senate colleagues

Section 2: Rules
1) The President of the Senate shall open a thread and commence the debates. The President of the Senate shall not be able to take part into the debates.
2) The Senator concerned by the article of expulsion shall be informed by private message and may hire an attorney for organising his/her defense.
3) Debates shall last at least for 72 hours. After the debates have elapsed, the President of the Senate shall open a vote, which shall last for 3 days. In order to expel the Senator, two-thirds of the current senators shall vote AYE.
4) If the acting President of the Senate is the Senator concerned by the article of expulsion, the most senior Senator, who is not the Senator concerned by the article of expulsion, shall administer the expulsion process.
5) If a Senator administers the expulsion process, he/she shall not be able to take part into the debates and shall not be able to vote, unless his vote matters and only after the 72 hours of voting have elapsed.

Article X: Rule Disputes

1. The Senate may elect to suspend any section of these rules at any time with the consent of two-thirds of sitting Senators.
2. The PPT may unilaterally suspend any section of these rules at any time, unless another Senator objects. If a Senator objects, suspending the rules shall require the consent of two-thirds of sitting Senators.
3. Neither the Senate nor the PPT may suspend Article VIII (expulsion rules) or Article III, Section IV (rules on moving legislation to the Senate floor).
4. If the Senate cannot resolve a rules dispute, the Supreme Court may issue a binding decision dictating the proper interpretation.
5. The votes of successors shall displace those of their predecessors when votes overlap with a change in the composition of the Senate.
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