Atlas Forum

General Discussion => History => Topic started by: Lincoln Republican on July 10, 2013, 10:23:44 pm



Title: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on July 10, 2013, 10:23:44 pm
I have compiled a listing of all the major Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates, that is, those who have actually been nominees, and some not so major, and have listed post secondary education if any, the military offices these nominees have held if any, the public offices held by these nominees, and post candidacy offices if any. Where applicable, I have also included business and executive offices, educational and academic offices, and ecclesiastical offices.

The moderator of the History board, True Federalist, has kindly agreed to stickie these details.  I believe these details could be a data base and a reference for forum members, and for anyone else who may find these details to be of interest.

My main source of reference, though not my exclusive source of reference, is Wikipedia.  You can of course see these details individually in separate articles, but in the compilation I have made here, these details are all in one place for easy reference, and are concise and address the subject at hand.

I am hoping these details will be of interest, as well as a useful resource.

        



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Earthling on July 11, 2013, 07:49:24 am
John Adams was also U.S. Ambassador to The Netherlands from 1782 to 1788.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Cath on July 21, 2013, 11:53:14 am
Winfield, I may be wrong, but I think Andrew Jackson served as a judge for like eight years at one point.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: True Federalist on July 21, 2013, 08:23:02 pm
Also, as I recal, Jackson was the elected Adjutant General of Tennessee at the time of the War of 1812 which is how he came to be in command.  Used to be that many if not most States elected the head of their armed forces the same way you'd elect a sheriff or  coroner.  Now only South Carolina still elects their adjutant general.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Cath on July 21, 2013, 11:42:34 pm
Also, will you be attempting to add exact dates to some of these? I know for a lot of these it's very difficult to ascertain, especially with smaller offices. However, with larger offices they're easily attainable, and ourcampaigns.com will give you the term beginning and end dates of certain elections. Also, I've perused some biographies that would provide certain important dates for things like Jefferson's time in VA politics.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Cath on September 22, 2013, 06:26:52 pm
1896

William McKinley OH Republican

1861-1865 Rank of Brevet General Civil War, 23rd Ohio Infantry
Last veteran of Civil War to be nominated for President by either major party
1875 Attended Republican convention that nominated Rutherford B Hayes for third term as Governor of OH, campaigned for Hayes in election
1876 Campaigned for Rutherford B Hayes in Presidential election
1877-1883 U.S. House of Representatives OH
1880 OH representative on Republican National Committee
1882 Presented his credentials as member-elect to 48th Congress, session 1883-1885, served March 4 1883-May 27 1884. Succeeded by Jonathan H. Wallace, who successfully contested his election.
1884 Delegate to Republican National Convention  
1885-1891 U.S. House of Representatives OH
1889 Sought election as Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives, lost
1892 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Benjamin Harrison
1892-1896 Governor OH 1892-1896
Mar 4 1897-Sep 14 1901 President U.S., assassinated

I believe McKinley served as Attorney for Stark County back in the early 1870's or something like that. I want to say 1869 to 1871, but those may be his election years (losing 1871) and not his dates in office. I have a book at home I could refer to but I'm at college right now.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 24, 2013, 10:32:57 pm
1788-1789 Election held from December 15, 1788 to January 10, 1789

No political parties existed at the time of the 1788-1789 Presidential Election. Candidates were either Federalists, meaning they supported the ratification of the Constitution, or Anti-Federalists, meaning they opposed ratification.

George Washington VA Nonpartisan (Federalist)

=====
Grandson of Lawrence Washington, A member of the Virginia House of Burgesses

Son of Augustine Washington Sr, Westmoreland County Justice of the Peace for the county court , took oath of office in 1716, and served as County Sheriff

Step father of John Parke Custis, Elected to Virginia House of Burgesses in 1778

Step grandfather and adoptive father of George Washington Parke Custis, whose daughter, Mary Anna Randolph Custis, married Robert E. Lee, then a Lieutenant of Engineers in the United States Army, in 1831. Lee would go on to command the Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
=====

The death of George Washington's father, Augustine Washington, in 1743,  prevented George Washington from crossing the Atlantic to receive the rest of his education at England's Appleby School, as his older brothers had done. He received the equivalent of an elementary school education from a variety of tutors, and also a school run by an Anglican clergyman in or near Fredericksburg.

Talk of securing an appointment in the Royal Navy for him when he was 15 was dropped when his widowed mother objected

1749 Appointed official surveyor for Culpeper County, VA

Military Service

Allegiance  Great Britain, United States

Service/Branch Virginia Provincial Militia, Continental Army, United States Army

Years of service

Virginia Provincial Militia 1752–1758
Continental Army 1775–1783
United States Army 1798–1799

Ranks held

Major 1752–1754
Lieutenant Colonel 1754–1755
Colonel 1755–1758
Major General 1775–1783
Lieutenant General, Commander-in-Chief of the Armies 1798–1799

General of the Armies, promoted posthumously 1976 by an act of the 94th United States Congress

The General of the Armies of the United States, or more commonly referred to as General of the Armies, is the highest possible rank in the United States Armed Forces. The rank is informally equated to that of a six star general and is the highest possible operational rank of the United States Army.

The rank has only been held twice in history, once by an active duty officer, John J. Pershing, with a further posthumous promotion to George Washington in 1976. The rank of General of the Armies is senior to General of the Army, General of the Air Force and Fleet Admiral.

Commands held

Colonel, Virginia Regiment
General and Commander-in-Chief, Continental Army
Commander-in-Chief, United States Army  
Commands Virginia Colony's regiment, Continental Army, United States Army

1758 VA House of Burgesses

Sep 5 1774-Oct 26 1774 Delegate VA First Continental Congress
 
May 10 1775-Jun 15 1775 Delegate VA Second Continental Congress
 
Jun 14 1775 Promoted to rank of Major General, elected by Congress to be Commander in Chief of Continental Army  

Jun 15 1775-Dec 23 1783 Commander-in-Chief of Continental Army

Summer of 1787 President of Constitutional Convention

1788-1789 Candidate for President U.S., elected, reelected 1792

Apr 30 1789-Mar 4 1797 1st President U.S.
 
Jul 13 1798-Dec 14 1799 U.S. Senior Officer of the Army

After retiring from the Presidency on March 4 1797, Washington returned to Mount Vernon

By 1798, relations with France had deteriorated to the point that war seemed imminent, and on Jul 4 1798, President John Adams offered Washington a commission as Lieutenant General and Commander-in-Chief of the Armies raised or to be raised for service in a prospective war. He accepted, and served as the senior officer of the United States Army from Jul 13 1798 until his death seventeen months later Dec 14 1799.

One of four Presidents whose likeness appears on Mount Rushmore, along with Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt

First Lady of the United States Martha Washington 1789-1797

On May 15, 1750, at age 18, Martha married Daniel Parke Custis, a rich planter two decades her senior. Martha's husband's death in 1757 left Martha a rich young widow at age 25, with independent control over a dower inheritance for her lifetime, including properties, slaves, and trustee control over the inheritance of her minor children.

Married George Washington 1759.

John Adams MA  Pro-Administration before 1795, Federalist 1795-1826

=====
Son of John Adams Sr, Was a tax collector, was a Selectman, (Town Councilman) of the Town of Braintree MA (now Quincy) for 20 years
 
Father of John Quincy Adams, Minister to Netherlands 1794-1797, Minister to Prussia 1797-1801, U.S. Senate MA 1803-1808, Minister to Russia 1809-1814, Minister to United Kingdom 1814-1817, U.S. Secretary of State 1817-1825, President U.S. 1825-1829, National Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost, 1828, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1831-1848

Grandfather of Charles Francis Adams Sr, MA State House of Representatives 1841, MA State Senate 1844-1845, Free Soil Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1848, lost, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1859-1861, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1861-1868, Bourbon Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1872, lost

Second Cousin of Samuel Adams, Clerk MA State House of Representatives 1766-1774, Delegate from MA to Continental Congress 1774-1781, Signer of Declaration of Independence 1776, MA State Senate 1781-1789, President MA State Senate 1782-1785, 1787-1788, Lieutenant Governor MA 1789-1794, Acting Governor MA 1793-1794, Governor MA 1794-1797, a Democratic-Republican candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams
=====

1755 Graduated Harvard College with an A.B. (Bachelor of Arts)

1758 Graduated Harvard College with an A.M. (Master of Arts)

Admitted to Massachusetts bar

Sep 5 1774-Oct 26 1774 Delegate from Province of MA Bay to First Continental Congress

May 10 1775-Jun 27 1778 Delegate from MA to Second Continental Congress

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

Apr 19 1782-Mar 30 1788 U.S. Minister to the Netherlands

Apr 1 1785-Mar 30 1788 U.S. Minister to Great Britain

1788-1789 Candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Apr 21 1789-Mar 4 1797 1st Vice President U.S. under George Washington

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., elected
 
Mar 4 1797-Mar 4 1801 2nd President U.S.

1800 Federalist Party candidate for reelection President U.S., lost to Thomas Jefferson

Following his 1800 defeat, Adams retired into private life. Depressed when he left office, he did not attend Jefferson's inauguration, making him one of only four surviving Presidents, i.e., those who did not die in office, not to attend his successor's inauguration. Interestingly, one of the other three was his son, John Quincy Adams. The other two were Andrew Johnson and Richard Nixon.

In early 1812, Adams reconciled with Thomas Jefferson, after a series of long standing feuds between the two.  Their mutual friend Benjamin Rush, a fellow signer of the Declaration of Independence who had been corresponding with both, encouraged each man to reach out to the other.

Died July 4, 1826, the anniversary of Independence Day.  Thomas Jefferson died on the same day.

Second Lady of the United States Abigail Adams 1789-1797

First Lady of the United States Abigail Adams 1797-1801


On her mother's side she was descended from the Quincy family, a well-known political family in the Massachusetts colony. Through her mother she was a cousin of Dorothy Quincy, wife of John Hancock.

John Adams was surprised to learn she knew so much about poetry, philosophy and politics, considered unusual for a woman at the time.

Abigail Adams's life is one of the most documented of the First Ladies. She is remembered for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he stayed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses. John frequently sought the advice of Abigail on many matters, and their letters are filled with intellectual discussions on government and politics. The letters serve as eyewitness accounts of the American Revolutionary War home front.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 26, 2013, 11:31:44 pm
1788-1789 Continued

John Jay NY Federalist

1760 Attended King's College, later renamed Columbia College as the undergraduate college of Columbia University. During this time, Jay made many influential friends, including his closest, Robert Livingston, the son of a prominent New York aristocrat and Supreme Court justice. Jay took the same political stand as his father, a staunch Whig. In 1764 he graduated and became a law clerk for Benjamin Kissam, a prominent lawyer, politician, and sought after instructor in the law.

1768 After reading law and being admitted to the bar of New York, Jay, with the money from the government, established a legal practice and worked there until he created his own law office in 1771

1774 Member of the New York Committee of Correspondence, and became its secretary, which was his first public role in the revolution

Sep 5 1774-Oct 26 1774 Delegate from NY First Continental Congress

1774 New York City Committee of Sixty

May 10 1775-May 22 1776 Delegate from NY Second Continental Congress

1777 Delegate Third New York Provincial Congress

1777-1779 Chief Justice New York Supreme Court

Dec 7 1778-Sep 28 1779 Delegate from NY Second Continental Congress

Dec 10 1778-Sep 28 1779 President Continental Congress
 
Sep 3 1783 Signer of the Treaty of Paris

Sep 27 1779-May 20 1782 Minister to Spain

May 7 1784-Sep 26 1789 U.S. Secretary of Foreign Affairs

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Sep 26 1789-Mar 22 1790 Acting U.S. Secretary of State

Sep 26 1789-Jun 29 1795 Chief Justice U.S.

1792 Federalist candidate for Governor NY, lost

Jul 1 1795-Jun 30 1801 Governor NY

Robert Harrison MD Federalist

Began his legal career in Alexandria, Virginia

Lieutenant Colonel Revolutionary War

1775 Aide-De-Camp to General George Washington

1776-1781 Secretary to General George Washington

1781-1789 Chief Justice General Court of Maryland

1788-1789 Presidential election, Harrison, a de facto member of the Federalist Party, received 6 electoral votes

President Washington nominated Harrison to the Supreme Court U.S. as an Associate Justice on Sep 24, 1789, confirmed by U.S. Senate Sep 26, 1789, and Washington signed Harrison's commission on Sep 28, 1789. Harrison declined to serve, citing health reasons.

John Rutledge SC Federalist

1756 Began to read law under a man named James Parsons. Two years later, Rutledge sailed to England to further his studies at London's Middle Temple. In the course of his studies, he won several cases in English courts.

After finishing his studies, Rutledge returned to Charleston, SC, to begin a fruitful legal career.  Emerged almost immediately as one of the most prominent lawyers in Charleston, and his services were in high demand.

Oct 7 1765-Oct 25 1765 Delegate to Stamp Act Congress

Member SC Colonial Legislature

Sep 5 1774-Oct 26 1774 Delegate from SC to First Continental Congress

1775 Delegate from SC to Second Continental Congress

Jul 4 1776-Mar 7 1778 President SC

Jan 9 1779-Jan 16 1782 Governor SC

1782-1783 Delegate to Continental Congress

1784-1791 SC Court of Chancery

Also Representative from SC to Continental Congress during this time

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Sep 26 1789-Mar 4 1791 Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court

Accepted the nomination but never actually sat on the court and resigned the posting

1791-1795 Chief Justice SC Court of Common Plans and Sessions

Jun 30 1795-Dec 28 1795 Chief Justice U.S., recess appointment from President Washington, appointment rejected by U.S. Senate

Recess appointment automatically expired at end of session and he resigned on Dec 18 1795

John Hancock MA Federalist

1750 Graduated from the Boston Latin School

1754 Graduated from Harvard College with a bachelor's degree

1765 One of Boston's five Selectmen

1766 Elected MA House of Representatives re-elected unanimously

Member MA provincial Congress

1774-1775 President of Provincial Congress

1774 Delegate from MA to First Continental Congress

1775 Delegate from MA to Second Continental Congress

May 24 1775-Oct 31 1777 President Continental Congress

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

Remembered for his large and stylish signature on the United States Declaration of Independence, so much so that the term John Hancock has become a synonym in the United States for one's signature

1778 Major General MA militia

1781 Delegate from MA to Continental Congress known as Confederation Congress

Oct 25 1780-Jan 29 1785 Governor MA

1788 President MA Ratifying Convention

May 30 1787-Oct 8 1793 Governor MA

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Samuel Huntington CT Federalist

His education came from the library of Reverend Ebenezer Devotion and books borrowed from local lawyers

1754 Admitted to Connecticut bar, and moved to Norwich, CT to begin practicing law

CT Board of Selectmen

1764-1774 Representative Lower House of CT Assembly

1768 King's Attorney CT

1773 CT Supreme Court, then CT Superior Court

1775-1784 Representative Upper House of CT Assembly, Governor's Council

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

1775 Delegate Second Continental Congress

Feb 12 1778 Signer of the Articles of Confederation

Sep 28 1779-Jul 10 1781 President Continental Congress

Mar 1 1781-Jul 9 1781 President of the United States in Congress Assembled

That is, the presiding officer of the Congress of the Confederation, the sole governing body of the first central government of the United States of America. His office was not that of today's President of the United States, which is a federal chief executive position created under the later United States Constitution.

1783 Delegate from CT to Continental Congress

May 13 1784-May 11 1786 Lieutenant Governor CT

May 11 1786-Jan 5 1796 Governor CT

1788 Presided over CT convention to ratify U.S. constitution

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

John Milton GA Federalist

=====
Grandfather of John Milton Governor Florida 1861-1865

Great-great grandfather of William  Milton U.S. Senator Florida 1908-1909
=====

Captain Continental Army Revolutionary War

Held as a prisoner and hostage Feb-Nov 1777

A signer to Georgia's ratification of the U.S. Constitution

1777, 1781-1783, 1789 Secretary of State GA

One of the first Mayors of Augusta GA

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

1789 One of Georgia's five Presidential electors

James Armstrong GA Federalist

Major Revolutionary War

1783 Became an original member in the Georgia Society of the Cincinnati

1787, 1790 GA State Assembly

1788 GA Sate Executive Council and was serving on the council when the Electoral College met

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Benjamin Lincoln MA Federalist

Massachusetts Provincial Militia

Reached rank of Major General

Served in Continental Army, United States Army

1754 Town Constable Hingham MA

1757-1777 Town Clerk Hingham MA

1767-1771 Town Selectman Hingham MA

1772 Provincial Assembly MA

1774 With the arrival of General Thomas Gage as Governor of the colony, the Provincial Assembly was dissolved, but reformed itself into the Massachusetts Provincial Congress. Lincoln continued to win election to this body.
 
1781-1783 1st U.S. Secretary of War

1787 Member MA state convention to ratify U.S. constitution

1788-1789 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

1788-1789 Lieutenant Governor MA

1789-1809 Collector Port of Boston

Edward Telfair GA Anti-Federalist

1775-1776 GA Committee of Safety

1776 GA Provincial Congress

1776 GA Committee of Intelligence

1778, 1780, 1781, 1782 Delegate from GA to Continental Congress

1783 During the Chickamauga Wars, was commissioned to treat with the Chickamauga Cherokee Indians. Telfair was the designated agent, on behalf of Georgia, in talks aimed at settling the northern boundary dispute with North Carolina in February 1783.

Jan 9 1786-Jan 9 1787 Governor GA

1788-1789 Anti-Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

Nov 9 1790-Nov 7 1793 Governor GA



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Cath on September 27, 2013, 12:21:49 am
1896

William McKinley OH Republican

1861-1865 Rank of Brevet General Civil War, 23rd Ohio Infantry
Last veteran of Civil War to be nominated for President by either major party
1875 Attended Republican convention that nominated Rutherford B Hayes for third term as Governor of OH, campaigned for Hayes in election
1876 Campaigned for Rutherford B Hayes in Presidential election
1877-1883 U.S. House of Representatives OH
1880 OH representative on Republican National Committee
1882 Presented his credentials as member-elect to 48th Congress, session 1883-1885, served March 4 1883-May 27 1884. Succeeded by Jonathan H. Wallace, who successfully contested his election.
1884 Delegate to Republican National Convention  
1885-1891 U.S. House of Representatives OH
1889 Sought election as Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives, lost
1892 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Benjamin Harrison
1892-1896 Governor OH 1892-1896
Mar 4 1897-Sep 14 1901 President U.S., assassinated

I believe McKinley served as Attorney for Stark County back in the early 1870's or something like that. I want to say 1869 to 1871, but those may be his election years (losing 1871) and not his dates in office. I have a book at home I could refer to but I'm at college right now.

Cathcon,  thank you, you are correct.  I have made the addition.

McKinley was indeed Prosecuting Attorney for Stark County 1869-1871 and defeated for reelection in 1871.

What an incredible memory you must have to remember these details.

Thank you for following these entries. 

I only have 100 more years to go.  :)

Sure man. I pop in from time to time, and McKinley's a subject of interest for me.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 28, 2013, 12:55:43 pm
1792

Thomas Jefferson VA Democratic-Republican

=====
Father in law of Thomas Randolph Jr, VA State Senate 1793-1794, U.S. House of Representatives VA 1803-1807, VA House of Delegates 1819-1820, 1823-1825, Governor VA 1819-1822.  Married to Thomas Jefferson's daughter Martha Jefferson.

Grandfather of Thomas Jefferson Randolph, VA Constitutional Convention 1850, Confederate States Secretary of War 1862, Temporary Chairman Democratic National Convention 1872
=====

1752 Graduated from College of William and Mary

1767 Admitted to VA bar

1769-1775 VA House of Burgesses

Jun 1 1775-Jun 3 1776 Delegate from VA Second Continental Congress

1776-1779 VA House of Delegates

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

Jun 1 1779-Jun 3 1781 Governor VA

Nov 3 1783-May 7 1784 Delegate from VA Congress of the Confederation

1783-1784 Delegate to Continental Congress

1784 Minister Plenipotentiary to France

May 17 1785-Sep 26 1789 Minister to France

Mar 22 1790-Dec 31 1793 U.S. Secretary of State under George Washington

1792 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

1796 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Mar 4 1797-Mar 4 1801 2nd Vice President U.S. under John Adams

1800 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected, reelected 1804

Mar 4 1801-Mar 4 1809 3rd President U.S.

In the years following Jefferson's political career he spent most of his time and energy pursuing educational interests, selling his vast collection of books to the Library of Congress, and founding and building the University of Virginia

Summer of 1824 visited by Marquis de Lafayette, French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the United States in the American Revolutionary War, and was a close friend of George Washington. Lafayette was a key figure in the French Revolution of 1789 and the Jul Revolution of 1830, and a friend of Jefferson's when Jefferson was Minister to France.

One of four Presidents whose likeness appears on Mount Rushmore, along with George Washington, Abraham Lincoln, Theodore Roosevelt  

Died July 4 1826, the anniversary of Independence Day.  John Adams died on the same day.

Second Lady of the United States 1797—1801

Vacant, Thomas Jefferson was a widower

First Lady of the United States 1801-1809

Martha Jefferson, wife of Thomas Jefferson, died in 1782, nineteen years before Thomas Jefferson became President. Their daughter, Martha Jefferson Randolph, assumed the role of White House hostess and unofficial First Lady during his incumbency 1801-1809. When she was unavailable, Jefferson called upon Dolley Madison, wife of his Secretary of State, James Madison.

Aaron Burr NY Democratic-Republican

=====
Father in law of Joseph Alston, Governor South Carolina during War of 1812, Alston was married to Burr's daughter Theodosia Burr Alston

Father of John Pierre Burr, illegitimate child of Aaron Burr and a mistress, Mary Emmons, an East Indian servant, born in Calcutta, John Pierre Burr was an abolitionist, and an active member of The Underground Railroad in Philadelphia, an organizer of The Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery Society, Chairman of The American Moral Reform Society, with associates, Burr founded the Demosthenian Institute of Philadelphia
=====

1772 Graduated College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, with B.A. He was a member of the American Whig Society and Cliosophic Society.

After graduation studied theology for an additional year, before rigorous theological training with Joseph Bellamy, a Presbyterian. He changed his career path two years later. At age 19, he moved to Connecticut to study law with his brother-in-law Tapping Reeve.

1775-1779 Lieutenant Colonel in Continental Army

1784-1785 New York State Assembly

Sep 29 1789-Nov 8 1791 NY State Attorney General

1791 Commissioner of Revolutionary War claims

Mar 4 1791-Mar 4 1797 U.S. Senate NY

1792 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

1798-1801 New York State Assembly

Mar 4 1801-Mar 4 1805  3rd Vice President U.S. under Thomas Jefferson

1804 Candidate for Governor NY, defeated

July 11, 1804, Duel with Alexander Hamilton. Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton met outside Weehawken, New Jersey. Both men fired, Hamilton's shot missed Burr, Hamilton was mortally wounded and died the next day. Burr was charged with multiple crimes, including murder, in New York and New Jersey, but was never tried in either jurisdiction.

By this point all of Burr's hopes for a political comeback had been dashed

Second Lady of the United States 1801-1805

Vacant, Aaron Burr was a widower.

George Clinton NY Anti-Federalist, Democratic-Republican

=====
Son of Charles Clinton, An Anglo-Irish colonist of Little Britain, New York, and a member of the New York Colonial Assembly

Brother of General James Clinton, A member of the Provincial Convention that assembled in New York City on April 20, 1775, and the uncle of New York's future Governor, DeWitt Clinton

Uncle of Dewitt Clinton, Governor NY 1817-1822, 1825-1828
=====

1757 At age 18, enlisted in the British Army to fight in the French and Indian War, eventually rising to the rank of Lieutenant

His father's, Charles Clinton's, survey of the New York frontier so impressed the Governor that he was offered a position as sheriff of New York City and the surrounding county in 1748, but declined the offer. After the elder Clinton declined the honor, the Governor later designated George Clinton as successor to the Clerk of the Ulster County Court of Common Pleas, a position he would assume in 1759 and hold for the next 52 years.

1759-1811 County Clerk of Ulster County NY Court of Common Pleas

1763 Read law in New York City under the attorney William Smith, began legal practice in 1764

1765 Became District Attorney  

1768-1776 NY Provincial Assembly for Ulster County, aligned with the anti-British Livingston faction

Mar 25, 1777  Commissioned a Brigadier General in the Continental Army

Jun 1777 Elected at the same time Governor and Lieutenant Governor of New York. Formally resigned the Lieutenant Governor's office and took the oath of office as Governor on Jul 30.

Jul 30 1777-Jun 30 1795 Governor NY

Although he had been elected Governor, he retained his commission in the Continental Army and commanded forces at Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery Oct 6, 1777. Remained in the Continental Army until it was disbanded Nov 3, 1783.

1783 Became an original member of the New York Society of the Cincinnati and served as its president from 1794 to 1795

1784-1787 Acting President Columbia College

1787-1795 Chancellor University of State of New York

1788-1789 Anti-Federalist candidate for President U.S., lost to George Washington

1792 Jeffersonian "Republican" Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

1800-1801 NY State Assembly

Jul 1 1801-Jun 30 1804 Governor NY

1802-1804 Chancellor University of State of New York

1804 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas Jefferson, replacing Aaron Burr, elected

Mar 4 1805-Mar 4 1809 4th Vice President U.S. under Thomas Jefferson

1808 Was an  unwilling candidate for the Democratic-Republican Party nomination for President U.S.,  but was re-nominated for a second term as Vice President U.S.  

Mar 4 1809-Apr 20 1812 4th Vice President U.S. under James Madison, Clinton died in office

Clinton and John C. Calhoun are the only persons to have served as Vice President U.S. under two different Presidents U.S.

In total Vice President U.S. Mar 4 1805-Apr 20 1812

Clinton was the first Vice President U.S. to die in office as well as the first Vice President U.S. to die overall

Second Lady of the United States, 1805-1809, 1809-1812

Vacant, George Clinton was a widower.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 28, 2013, 05:41:36 pm
1796

Thomas Pinckney SC Federalist

=====
Son of Charles Pinckney, who would later serve as the Chief Justice of the Province of South Carolina, and the celebrated planter and agriculturalist, Eliza Lucas

Younger brother of Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, member SC State Legislature, Ambassador to France, Federalist candidate Vice President U.S. and President U.S., member U.S. Senate

First cousin of Charles Pinckney, member SC House of Representatives, SC Senate, Delegate SC to Congress of the Confederation, U.S. Senate SC, U.S. Minister to Spain, U.S. House of Representatives SC, Governor SC  
=====

1775-1783 Major United States Continental Army Revolutionary War

Feb 20 1787-Jan 26 1789 Governor SC

Jan 31 1791-Dec 20 1791 SC House of Representatives

Aug 9 1792-Jul 27 1796 U.S. Minister to Great Britain

1794-1795 Envoy Extraordinary to Spain

(For part of his tenure as Ambassador in Britain, Pinckney also served as Envoy Extraordinary to Spain)

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Was to be the intended running mate of John Adams. While Adams won the Presidential election, complicated scheming to ensure that Pinckney would not have more Presidential votes than Adams ended up making their opponent Thomas Jefferson Vice President and Pinckney finish in third place in the Presidential race. At the time, there were no distinct electoral votes for President and Vice-President.

Nov 23 1797-Mar 4 1801 U.S. House of Representatives SC

1812-1815 Major General U.S. Army War of 1812

1814 Elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society

1825-1828 President General of the Society of the Cincinnati

Samuel Adams MA Democratic-Republican

=====
Second Cousin of John Adams, Delegate from MA Bay to First Continental Congress 1774, Delegate from MA to Second Continental Congress 1775-1778, U.S. Envoy to France 1778-1779, U.S. Minister to Netherlands 1782-1788, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1785-1788, Vice President U.S. 1789-1797, 2nd President U.S. 1797-1801  

Third Cousin of John Quincy Adams, Minister to Netherlands 1794-1797, Minister to Prussia 1797-1801, U.S. Senate MA 1803-1808, Minister to Russia 1809-1814, Minister to United Kingdom 1814-1817, U.S. Secretary of State 1817-1825, 6th President U.S. 1825-1829, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1831-1848

Related to John Adams Sr, (Father of John Adams) John Adams Sr was a tax collector, was a Selectman, (Town Councilman) of the Town of Braintree MA (now Quincy) for 20 years

Related to Charles Francis Adams Sr, (Grandson of John Adams) Charles Francis Adams Sr MA State House of Representatives 1841, MA State Senate 1844-1845, Free Soil Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1848, lost, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1859-1861, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1861-1868, Bourbon Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1872, lost
=====

1736-1743 Harvard College. His parents hoped that his schooling would prepare him for the ministry, but Adams gradually shifted his interest to politics. After graduating in 1740, Adams continued his studies, earning a master's degree in 1743. His thesis, in which he argued that it was "lawful to resist the Supreme Magistrate, if the Commonwealth cannot otherwise be preserved", indicated that his political views, like his father's, were oriented towards colonial rights.

1747-1756 Clerk of Boston Market

1756-1766 Boston Tax Collector

1765-1774 MA House of Representatives

1766-1774 Clerk of MA House of Representatives

1773 Moderator of Boston Town Meeting

1774 MA Provincial Congress

1774 Committee of Inspection to enforce the Continental Association

1774-1781 Delegate from MA to Continental Congress

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

1781-1789 MA State Senate

1782-1785 President MA State Senate

1787-1788 President MA State Senate

1788 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, defeated

1789-1794 Lieutenant Governor MA

1793-1794 Acting Governor MA

1794-1797 Governor MA

1796 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Oliver Ellsworth CT Federalist

1762 Entered Yale University, but transferred to the College of New Jersey, later Princeton, at the end of his second year. He continued to study theology and, while attending, helped found the American Whig–Cliosophic Society along with Aaron Burr and William Paterson. He received his A.B. degree, Phi Beta Kappa after 2 years. Soon afterward, however, Ellsworth turned to the law. After four years of study, he was admitted to the bar in 1771 and later became a successful lawyer and politician.

1777 CT State Attorney for Hartford County

1777-1783 Representative to Continental Congress

Member of the Committee of the Pay Table

1777 Committee of Appeals (forerunner of Federal Supreme Court)

1779 Committee of Safety

1784 Supreme Court of Errors

1784-1788 CT Superior Court

1787 Delegate to Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1789-Mar 8 1796 U.S. Senate CT

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Mar 4 1796-Sep 30 1800 Chief Justice of U.S.

1799-1800 U.S. Envoy Extraordinary to France

1801-1807 CT Governor's Council      

James Iredell NC Federalist

Relatives assisted Iredell in obtaining a position in the customs service as Deputy Collector, or Comptroller, of the port of Edenton, North Carolina

While working at the customs house, Iredell read law under Samuel Johnston, later Governor of North Carolina, began the practice of law and was admitted to the bar in 1771  

1778 Judge Superior Court NC

Jul 8 1779-Apr 22 1782 Attorney General NC

1787 Appointed Commissioner for comparing and revising the laws of NC

1788 Delegate to Hillsborough convention to consider new U.S. constitution

Feb 10 1790-Oct 20 1799 Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

John Henry MD Democratic-Republican

1769 Graduated from the College of New Jersey, later Princeton University, in 1769. He then studied law at the Middle Temple ,one of the Inns of Court where English barristers are trained, in London. He returned to the United States in 1775 and practiced law in Dorchester County.

1777-1780 MD House of Delegates

1778-1780 Delegate Constitutional Convention

1780-1790 MD Senate

1785-1786 Delegate Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1789-Jul 10 1797 U.S. Senate MD

1796 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Nov 17 1797-Nov 14 1798 Governor MD

Samuel Johnston NC Federalist

Read law in Carolina

Moved to Chowan County and started his own plantation, known as Hayes near Edenton

Admitted to the bar and began the practice of law in Edenton

1759-1775 Colony of NC General Assembly

Delegate to first four provincial congresses

1775-1776 President of third and fourth congresses

In the time after the Royal Governor Josiah Martin abdicated in 1775 Johnston was the highest ranking official in NC until Richard Caswell was elected President of the fifth provincial congress

1779 Cited as having served in NC Senate but this was not confirmed by Senate journals.  He may have been elected but he did not attend.

1780, 1781 NC delegate to Constitutional Conventions

Elected first President of the U.S. in Congress Assembled under the Articles of Confederation but declined the office

1783, 1784 elected to NC Senate

Dec 20 1787-Dec 17 1789 Governor NC

1788, 1789 Presided over both conventions called to ratify the constitution

Nov 27 1789-Mar 4 1793 U.S. Senate NC

1787-1788 Grand Master Masons of NC

1789-1792 Grand Master Masons of NC

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney SC Federalist

=====
Son of Charles Pinckney, who would later serve as the Chief Justice of the Province of South Carolina

Brother of Thomas Pinckney, who served as Governor of South Carolina, as a U.S. Representative, and as a George Washington administration diplomat

First cousin of Charles Pinckney, member SC House of Representatives, SC Senate, Delegate SC to Congress of the Confederation, U.S. Senate SC, U.S. Minister to Spain, U.S. House of Representatives SC, Governor SC  
=====

Studied at Oxford University.  Matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1764, and left to study law at the Middle Temple in 1766. Pinckney was called to the bar in 1769, but he continued his education in France for another year, studying botany and chemistry. He also had a brief stint at the Royal Military College at Caen.

1770 Elected to Colonial Legislature

1773 Regional Attorney General

1775 Member first SC Provincial Congress

During Revolutionary War served in lower house of SC State Legislature and as a member of SC Senate

Brevet Brigadier General in Revolutionary War

1787  Represented SC at the Constitutional Convention

1787 Lower House of SC State Legislature

Offered offices of Secretary of State and Secretary of War by George Washington, declined both

Sep 9 1796-Feb 5 1797 U.S. Minister to France

1796 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John Adams

1798 Major General in U.S. Army

1800 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

1804 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Thomas Jefferson

1805-1825 President General of the Society of the Cincinnati

1808 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Thomas Jefferson

1813 Elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society  

1800 Candidates included in previous entries

1804 Other candidates included in previous entries

Rufus King NY Federalist

Aattended Harvard College, where he graduated in 1777. Began to read law under Theophilus Parsons, but his studies were interrupted in 1778 when King volunteered for militia duty in the American Revolutionary War. Appointed a Major, he served as an aide to General Sullivan in the Battle of Rhode Island. After the campaign, King returned to his apprenticeship under Parsons. He was admitted to the bar in 1780 and began a legal practice in Newburyport, Massachusetts.  

1783-1785 MA State Assembly

1784-1787 Confederation Conference

1787 Federal Constitutional Convention

Moved to New York City

1788 NY State Legislature

Jul 25 1789-May 23 1796 U.S. Senate NY

Jul 26 1796-May 16 1803 U.S. Minister to Great Britain

1804 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S., defeated

1808 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S., defeated

Mar 4 1813-Mar 4 1825 U.S. Senate NY

Nov 11 1825-May 10 1826 Minister to Great Britain

1816 Candidate for Governor NY, defeated

1816 Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James Monroe




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 29, 2013, 09:11:05 pm
1808  

James Madison VA Democratic-Republican

1771 Graduated College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

His studies included Latin, Greek, science, geography, mathematics, rhetoric, and philosophy. Great emphasis also was placed on speech and debate.

Helped found the American Whig Society, in direct competition to fellow student Aaron Burr's Cliosophic Society.

After graduation, remained at Princeton to study Hebrew and political philosophy under the university president, John Witherspoon, before returning to Montpelier in the spring of 1772. He became quite fluent in Hebrew. Studied law from his interest in public policy, not with the intent of practicing law as a profession.

After graduation from Princeton, took an increasing interest in the relationship between the American colonies and Britain, which deteriorated over the issue of British taxation.

1774 Took a seat on the local Committee of Safety, a patriot pro-revolution group that oversaw the local militia. This was the first step in a life of public service that his family's wealth allowed him to pursue.

Oct 1775 Was commissioned as the Colonel of the Orange County militia. He would not serve in combat.

1776-1779 VA House of Delegates

1780-1783 Delegate to Continental Congress

Mar 1 1781-Nov 1 1783 Congress of the Confederation VA

1784-1786 VA House of Delegates

Mar 4 1789-Mar 4 1797 U.S. House of Representatives VA

May 2 1801-Mar 3 1809 U.S. Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson

1808 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected, reelected 1812

Mar 4 1809-Mar 4 1817  4th President U.S.

1826-1836 Rector (President) University of Virginia

1829 Representative to Constitutional Convention Richmond, VA

First Lady of the United States Dolley Madison 1809-1817

She was noted for her social gifts, which boosted her husband’s popularity as President. In this way, she did much to define the role of the President’s spouse, known only much later by the title First Lady, a function she had sometimes performed earlier for the widowed Thomas Jefferson.

John Langdon NH Democratic-Republican

After finishing his primary education, Langdon served an apprenticeship as a clerk. He and his older brother, Woodbury Langdon, rejected the opportunity to join in their father's successful agricultural pursuits, and went to sea instead, apprenticed themselves to local naval merchants.

Member of NH Committee of Correspondence and a nonimportation Committee

1775-1776 Member Second Continental Congress

Resigned in June 1776 to become agent for the Continental forces against the British and superintended the construction of several warships including the Raleigh, the America, and the Ranger, which was captained by John Paul Jones. In 1777, he equipped an expedition against the British, participating in the Battle of Bennington and commanding Langdon's Company of Light Horse Volunteers at Saratoga and in Rhode Island.

Jun 1 1785-Jun 7 1786 President of New Hampshire

Jun 4 1788-Jan 22 1789 President of the State of New Hampshire

Starting in 1679, the colonial governors had been known as "President of New Hampshire". From 1786 to 1791, "President of the State of New Hampshire" was the official style of the position. The New Hampshire Constitution was amended in 1791 to replace "President" with "Governor".

1787 Member of the Congress of the Confederation

1787 NH delegate to Constitutional Convention

Apr 6 1789-Mar 3 1801 U.S. Senate NH

Apr 6 1789-Aug 9 1789 First President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Nov 5 1792-Dec 2 1793 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

1801-1805 NH Legislature, last two terms as Speaker

Jun 6 1805-Jun 8 1809 Governor NH

1808 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

Jun 5 1810-Jun 5 1812 Governor NH

1812 Declined the nomination to be a candidate for Vice President U.S. with James Madison


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on September 30, 2013, 11:05:42 pm
1812

Elbridge Gerry MA Federalist until 1800, Democratic-Republican 1800-1814

He is known best for being the namesake of gerrymandering, a process by which electoral districts are drawn with the aim of aiding the party in power, although its initial "g" has softened from the hard "g" of his name

Entered Harvard College shortly before turning fourteen. Graduated with a B.A. in 1762 and with an M.A. in 1765.

After graduating from Harvard College, entered his father's merchant business. By the 1770s the Gerrys numbered among the wealthiest Massachusetts merchants, with trading connections in Spain, the West Indies, and along the North American coast.

1772 General Court of Province of MA

1776 Signed United States Declaration of Independence

1776-1780 Delegate to Continental Congress

1783-1785 Delegate to Continental Congress

1787 Delegate to U.S. Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1789-Mar 3 1793 U.S. House of Representatives MA

1796 Presidential Elector for John Adams

1797-1798 Member of U.S. Delegation to France

1800 Nominee for Governor MA, defeated

1801 Nominee for Governor MA, defeated

1802 Nominee for Governor MA, defeated

1803 Nominee for Governor MA, defeated

Jun 10 1810-Mar 4 1812 Governor MA

1812  Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James Madison, elected

Mar 4 1813-Nov 23 1814 5th Vice President U.S. under James Madison.  Gerry died in office.

Second Lady of the United States Ann Gerry 1813-1814

Educated in Dublin, Ireland, completed her education in the mid-1780s.  

DeWitt Clinton NY Democratic-Republican

=====
Brother of George Clinton Jr, U.S. House of Representatives NY 1805-1809

Half brother of James G Clinton, U.S. House of Representatives NY 1841-1845

Nephew of George Clinton, Governor NY 1777-1795, 1801-1804, Vice President U.S. 1805-1812  
=====

Transferred from Princeton University, graduated from King's College, now Columbia University, becoming the first to graduate under the new name of Columbia University

Served as secretary to his uncle George Clinton, Governor of New York

1798 NY State Assembly

1798-1802 NY State Senate

1801-1804 Secretary to NY Governor George Clinton, his uncle

1801 Delegate to NY State Constitutional Convention

1801-1802 Member Council of Appointments

Feb 23 1802-Nov 4 1803 U.S. Senate NY

1803-1807 Mayor New York City, NY

1806-1807 Member Council of Appointments

1806-1811 NY State Senate

1808-1810 Mayor New York City, NY

1808-1825 Regent University of New York

1810-1824 Member of Erie Canal Commission, some of this time as President of the Commission

1811-1813 Lieutenant Governor NY
 
1811-1815 Mayor New York City, NY

1812 Candidate for President U.S. backed  by Federalist Party and a small group of anti-war Democratic-Republicans, lost to James Madison

Jul 1 1817-Dec 31 1822 Governor NY

Jan 1 1825-Feb 11 1828 Governor NY

Jared Ingersoll PA Federalist

1766 Graduated from Yale College, studied law in Philadelphia, and was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1773

On his father's advice, he went to London to continue his study of the law at the Middle Temple School, 1773–1776, and to tour extensively through Europe. He spent more than eighteen months in Paris, where he formed the acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin.

1780-1781 Delegate to Constitutional Congress

1789 Member Philadelphia Common Council

Aug 20 1791-May 10 1800 Attorney General PA

1798-1801 City Solicitor Philadelphia

1800-1801 U.S. District Attorney PA

Dec 13 1811-Dec 21 1816 Attorney General PA

1812 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with DeWitt Clinton, lost to James Madison

Clinton was backed by the Federalist Party and a small group of anti-war Democratic-Republicans
 
1821-1822 Presiding Judge Philadelphia District Court


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 01, 2013, 08:06:43 pm
1816

James Monroe VA Democratic-Republican

1774 Enrolled in College of William and Mary

Early 1775 Just one year after his enrollment,  dropped out of college and joined the 3rd Virginia Regiment in the Continental Army where, as a planter, was commissioned as an officer. Never returned to earn a degree.

Major Continental Army

1782 VA House of Delegates

Nov 3 1783-Nov 7 1786 Congress of the Confederation

1788 Candidate for first U.S. Congress, defeated

Nov 9 1790-Mar 29 1794 U.S. Senate VA

May 28 1794- Sep 9 1796 Minister to France

Dec 28 1799-Dec 1 1802 Governor VA

1802 Sent to France to assist Robert Livingston to negotiate Louisiana Purchase

Apr 18 1803-Feb 26 1808 Minister to Great Britain

1809-1811 VA House of Delegates

Jan 16 1811-Apr 2 1811 Governor VA

Apr 2 1811-Mar 4 1817 U.S. Secretary of State under James Madison

Sep 27 1814-Mar 2 1815 U.S. Secretary of War under James Madison

Held both posts Secretary of State and Secretary of War Oct 1 1814-Feb 28 1815 under James Madison

1816 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected,  reelected 1820

Mar 4 1817-Mar 4 1825 5th President U.S.

Fall of 1829 President of Virginia's Constitutional Convention

A member of the American Colonization Society formed in 1816, which members included Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson

First Lady of the United States Elizabeth Monroe 1817-1825

Her father, Lawrence Kortright, was one of the founders of the Chamber of Commerce in 1768.

Elizabeth acquired social graces and elegance at an early age.

Daniel Tompkins NY Democratic-Republican

1795 Graduated from Columbia College, studied law

1797 Admitted to bar, NY

1801 Delegate NY to State Constitutional Convention

1804 Elected to U.S. Congress but resigned before the beginning of the term to accept an appointment as Associate Justice of Supreme Court of NY

1804-1807 Associate Justice Supreme Court NY

Jul 1 1807-Feb 24 1817 Governor NY

1816 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James Monroe, elected

Mar 4 1817-Mar 4 1825 6th Vice President U.S. under James Monroe

1820 Ran as a sitting Vice President for Governor of NY, defeated by DeWitt Clinton

1821 Delegate to NY state Constitutional Convention serving as its' President

Second Lady of the United States Hannah Tompkins 1817-1825

Was the second child of Mangle Minthorne , a prominent Democratic-Republican Party member in New York City. On Feb 20 1798, 16 year-old Hannah married Daniel D. Tompkins, a 23 year old lawyer of the City. At the time of the marriage, her father was Assistant in the Common Council, and young Tompkins had designs on a political career. Hannah was ill in the year before her husband became Vice-President, and did not attend his inauguration.

John Howard MD Federalist

Colonel Continental Army

1788 Member Continental Congress

Nov 24 1788-Nov 14 1791 Governor MD

1791-1795 MD State Senate

1792 Presidential Elector

1796-1797 U.S. House of Representatives MD

Nov 30 1796-Mar 3 1803 U.S. Senate MD

Nov 21 1800-Nov 27 1800 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Offered post of Secretary of War by George Washington, declined

1798 Offered commission to Brigadier General by George Washington, declined

1816 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S.  with Rufus King, defeated

James Ross PA Federalist

Taught at what would become Washington and Jefferson College. Studied law and was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1784 focusing on land law.

1789-1790 Member of convention that drafted a new constitution for PA

1794 Appointed by George Washington to negotiate with the rebels of the Whiskey Rebellion

Apr 24 1794-Mar 4 1803 U.S. Senate PA

Mar 1-Dec 1 1799 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

1799, 1802, 1808 Ran unsuccessfully for Governor PA

1816 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Rufus King, defeated

John Marshall VA Federalist

Sent, at age fourteen, about one hundred miles from home to an academy in Washington parish. Among his classmates was James Monroe, the future President.

Served in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and was friends with George Washington. 1775-1778 served in Revolutionary War. Reached rank of Lieutenant in Continental Army.

After his time in the Army, read law under the famous Chancellor George Wythe in Williamsburg, Virginia, at the College of William and Mary, was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and was admitted to the Virginia Bar in 1780. He was in private practice in Fauquier County before entering politics.

1782-1789 VA House of Delegates

1785 Recorder of Richmond City Hustings Court

1788 Delegate to VA Convention

1795 Offered office of Attorney General U.S. by George Washington, declined

1795-1796 VA House of Delegates

1796 Offered Post of Minister to France by George Washington, declined

1796 VA Council of State

1797 Served on three member commission to represent U.S. in France

1798 Offered appointment to U.S. Supreme Court by John Adams, declined

Mar 4 1799-Jun 61800 U.S. House of Representatives VA

May 7, 1799 John Adams nominated Marshall as Secretary of War.  Adams withdrew nomination May 12, 1799

Jun 13 1800-Mar 4 1801 U.S. Secretary of State

Jan 31, 1801-Jul 6, 1835 Chief Justice U.S.

1816 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Rufus King, defeated

Robert Harper SC MD Federalist

Joined a volunteer corps of Cavalry and served in the American Revolutionary Army, reaching rank of Major General United States Army

Made a surveying tour through Kentucky and Tennessee in 1783

1785 Graduated from the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Studied law in Charleston, South Carolina, teaching school at the same time, and was admitted to the South Carolina bar in 1786. Commenced practice in the Ninety-Sixth District of South Carolina, moving back to Charleston, S.C. in 1789.

1790-1795 SC House of Representatives

Feb 9 1795-Mar 4 1801 U.S. House of Representatives SC

Moved to Maryland

Served in War of 1812 attaining rank of Major General

1815 MD State Senate

Feb 5 1816-Dec 6 1816 U.S. Senate MD

1816 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Rufus King, defeated      





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 02, 2013, 09:37:13 pm
1820

Richard Stockton NJ Federalist

=====
Son of Richard Stockton, a signer of the Declaration of Independence

Brother of Lucius Horatio Stockton served as U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey.

Father of Commodore Robert Field Stockton, Military Governor of California, U.S. Senator from New Jersey

Father of Anne Stockton, was married to U.S. Senator New Jersey John Renshaw Thomson
=====

1779 Graduated from the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Studied law, was admitted to New Jersey bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Princeton

1789-1791 First U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey

1796 Elected to U.S. Senate NJ to fill a vacancy caused by the resignation of Frederick Frelinghuysen

Nov 12 1796-Mar 4 1799 U.S. Senate NJ

Declined to be a candidate for reelection

1801, 1803, 1804 Unsuccessful candidate for Governor NJ

Mar 4 1813-Mar 3 1815 U.S. House of Representatives NJ

Declined to be a candidate for renomination

After leaving Congress resumed the practice of law

1820 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S., which did not nominate a candidate for President, lost  

Daniel Rodney DE Democratic-Republican

=====
Son of Caesar Rodney, an American lawyer and politician, an officer of the Delaware militia during the French and Indian War and the American Revolution, a Continental Congressman from Delaware, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, President of Delaware during most of the American Revolution
=====

1793-1806 Served as a Judge in the Court of Common Pleas, during roughly the same time as Trustee of the Poor

A trustee of Wilmington College

1810 Candidate for Governor DE, defeated

Jan 18 1814-Jan 21 1817 Governor DE

1820 Federalist Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

Dec 2 1822-Mar 4 1823 U.S. House of Representatives DE

Dec 4 1826-Jan 23 1827 U.S. Senate DE

Richard Rush PA Democratic-Republican

=====
Son of Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence
=====

Entered the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, at the age of 14, and graduated in 1797 as the youngest member of his class

Admitted to Pennsylvania bar in 1800, when he was 20 years old, and studied law at the office of William Draper Lewis

1811 Attorney General PA, after refusing to become a candidate for U.S. Congress

1811 Comptroller of the Treasury

Feb 10 1814-Nov 12 1817 Attorney General of U.S. under James Madison  

Was offered choice of Secretary of the Treasury or Attorney General U.S.  Chose Attorney General.

Mar 10-Sep 22 1817 Acting U.S. Secretary of State

Nov 12 1817-Mar 7 1825 Minister to Great Britain

1820 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James Monroe, lost

Mar 7 1825-Mar 5 1829 Secretary of the Treasury under John Quincy Adams

Rush wanted to become Secretary of the Navy but Adams nominated him Secretary of the Treasury, which he accepted

1828 National Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. with Joh Quincy Adams, lost

1828 Sent to England and the Netherlands by the cities of Georgetown and Alexandria to negotiate a large loan for the cities.  Mission met with success.

1836 Sent by Andrew Jackson to England as Commissioner to secure for the U.S. the legacy left the government by James Smithson
  
Was successful in bringing to the U.S. funds which would eventually be used to establish the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC.

Later became one of the Regents of the Smithsonian

Sep 15 1846-Oct 8 1849 Minister to France

1824

John Quincy Adams MA Federalist Before 1808, Democratic-Republican 1808-1830,
National Republican 1830-1834, Anti-Masonic 1834-1838, Whig 1838-1848

=====
Grandson of John Adams Sr, Was a tax collector, was a Selectman, (Town Councilman) of the Town of Braintree MA (now Quincy) for 20 years

Son of John Adams, Delegate from MA Bay to First Continental Congress 1774, Delegate from MA to Second Continental Congress 1775-1778, U.S. Envoy to France 1778-1779, U.S. Minister to Netherlands 1782-1788, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1785-1788, Candidate for President U.S.1788-1789, lost, Vice President U.S. 1789-1797, President U.S. 1797-1801, Federalist Party candidate for reelection President U.S. 1800, lost

Father of Charles Francis Adams Sr, MA State House of Representatives 1841, MA State Senate 1844-1845, Free Soil Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1848, lost, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1859-1861, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1861-1868, Bourbon Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. 1872, lost

Third Cousin of Samuel Adams, Clerk MA State House of Representatives 1766-1774, Delegate from MA to Continental Congress 1774-1781, Signer of Declaration of Independence 1776, MA State Senate 1781-1789, President MA State Senate 1782-1785, 1787-1788, Lieutenant Governor MA 1789-1794, Acting Governor MA 1793-1794, Governor MA 1794-1797  
=====

As a child, accompanied his father on diplomatic missions

Acquired an education at institutions such as Leiden University. Matriculated in Leiden 1781. For nearly three years, at age 14, accompanied Francis Dana as a secretary on a mission to Saint Petersburg, Russia, to obtain recognition of the new United States. Spent time in Finland, Sweden, Denmark.   During these years overseas, became fluent in French and Dutch and became familiar with German and other European languages.

Mainly through the influence of his father, John Adams, excelled in classical studies and reached high fluency of Latin and Greek

Attended Harvard College, graduated 1787 with a Bachelor of Arts degree, Phi Beta Kappa.  Earned M.A. from Harvard 1790.

Apprenticed as an attorney with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport, Massachusetts, 1787-1789

Gained admittance to the bar 1791 and began practicing law in Boston

Nov 6 1794-Jun 20 1797 Minister to the Netherlands

1796 Minister to Portugal

1796 Berlin Legation

Dec 5 1797-May 5 1801 Minister to Prussia

1801 Appointed a Commissioner of Monetary Affairs in Boston by a Federal District Judge.  Appointment rescinded by Thomas Jefferson.

May 4 1803-Jun 8 1808 U.S. Senator MA

Nov 5 1809-Apr 28 1814 Minister to Russia

1814 Chief Negotiator of U.S. Commission for the Treaty of Ghent

Apr 28 1814-Sep 26 1817 Minister to Great Britain

Sep 22 1817-Mar 4 1825 U.S. Secretary of State under John Monroe

1824 One of four Democratic-Republican Party candidates for President U.S., won

Mar 4 1825-Mar 4 1829 6th President U.S.

The 1824 election was decided by the House of Representatives under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution after no candidate secured a majority of the electoral vote. It was the first Presidential election in which the candidate who received the most electoral votes, Andrew Jackson, did not become President, a source of great bitterness for Jackson and his supporters, who proclaimed the election of Adams a corrupt bargain.

1828 National Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Andrew Jackson

Mar 4 1831-Feb 23 1848 U.S. House of Representatives MA, died in office

1833  Candidate for Governor MA, defeated

First Lady of the United States Louisa Adams 1825-1829

Born in London, England, the first First Lady to be born outside the United States.





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 03, 2013, 10:25:59 pm
1824 Continued

Andrew Jackson TN Democratic-Republican Before 1828, Democratic 1828–1845

=====
Uncle of Andrew Jackson Donelson, U.S. Charge d'Affairs TX 1844-1845, U.S. Envoy Prussia 1846-1849, unsuccessful American Party (Know Nothing) candidate for Vice President U.S. 1856

Uncle of Daniel Smith Donelson, TN House of Representatives 1841-1843, TN House of Representatives 1855-1861, Speaker TN House of Representatives 1859-1861
=====

Taught school and studied law in Salisbury, North Carolina. In 1787, was admitted to the bar, and moved to Jonesborough, in what was then the Western District of North Carolina. This area later became the Southwest Territory, 1790, the precursor to the state of Tennessee.

During Revolutionary War, at age thirteen, informally helped the local militia as a courier.  He and his brother Robert were captured by the British and held as prisoners.

Began his legal career in Jonesborough, now northeastern Tennessee. Though his legal education was scanty, he knew enough to be a country lawyer on the frontier. Since he was not from a distinguished family, he had to make his career by his own merits; soon he began to prosper in the rough-and-tumble world of frontier law. Most of the actions grew out of disputed land-claims, or from assault and battery.

Rank of Major General U.S. Army.  Served in Revolutionary War, War of 1812, First Seminole War

1788 Appointed Solicitor (Prosecutor) of the Western District and held the same position in the government of the Territory South of the Ohio River after 1791

1796 Delegate to TN Constitutional Convention

Dec 4 1796-Sep 26 1797 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Sep 26 1797-Apr 1 1798 U.S. Senate TN

1798-1804 Judge TN Supreme Court

1801 Appointed commander of TN militia with rank of Colonel

1802 Elected Major General of TN militia

Mar 10 1821-Nov 12 1821 Military Governor of Florida

Mar 4 1823-Oct 14 1825 U.S. Senate TN

1824 One of four Democratic-Republican Party candidates for Pesident U.S., lost to John Quincy Adams

1828 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected, reelected 1832

Mar 4 1829-Mar 4 1837 7th President U.S.

1828 A founder of Democratic Party

Remained influential in both national and state politics after retiring in 1837

Remained a firm advocate of the federal union of the states, and rejected any talk of secession

First Lady of the United States

Rachel Jackson, wife of Andrew Jackson, died in December, 1828, three months before Andrew Jackson became President. His niece, Emily Donelson, assumed the role of White House hostess until her death on December 19, 1836. Jackson's daughter-in-law, Sarah Yorke Jackson, was also brought into the White House to serve as White House hostess on November 26, 1834. She remained at the White House until Jackson's term expired on March 4, 1837.

John C. Calhoun SC Democratic-Republican Before 1828, Nullifier 1828-1839, Democratic 1839-1850

=====
Father in law of diplomat Thomas Green Clemson, who was married to Calhoun's daughter, Anna Maria Calhoun Clemson. Clemson became a high ranking diplomat to the Kingdom of Belgium. The Clemson family remained overseas from 1844–1852.
=====

Calhoun was one of the "Great Triumvirate" or the "Immortal Trio" of Congressional leaders, along with his Congressional colleagues Daniel Webster and Henry Clay. In 1857, a Senate Committee selected Calhoun as one of the five greatest U.S. Senators of all time. Calhoun "was a public intellectual of the highest order...and a uniquely gifted American politician," and "probably the last American statesman to do any primary political thinking."

When his father became ill, 17-year-old John Calhoun quit school to work on the family farm. With his brothers' financial support, he later returned to his studies, earning a degree from Yale College, Phi Beta Kappa, in 1804. He was also a noted member of the debating Society of Brothers in Unity at Yale College.

After studying law at the Tapping Reeve Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut, was admitted to the  South Carolina bar 1807

Mar 4 1811-Nov 3 1817 U.S. House of Representatives SC

Dec 8 1817-Mar 4 1825 Secretary of War under John Monroe

Mar 4 1825-Mar 4 1829 7th Vice President U.S. under John Quincy Adams

Mar 4 1829-Dec 28 1832 7th Vice President U.S. under Andrew Jackson
 
Dec 28 1832 Calhoun resigned from the office of Vice President U.S., the first Vice President U.S. to do so. Resigned as Vice President U.S. in order to become U.S. Senator for SC.  

In total Mar 4 1825-Dec 28 1832 7th Vice President U.S.

Dec 29 1832-Mar 4 1843 U.S. Senate SC

Apr 1 1844-Mar 10 1845 U.S. Secretary of State under John Tyler

Nov 26 1845-Mar 31 1850 U.S. Senate SC, died in office

Calhoun and George Clinton are the only persons to have served as Vice President U.S. under two different Presidents U.S.

Second Lady of the United States Floride Calhoun 1825-1829, 1829-1832  

A niece of Rebecca Colhoun Pickens, wife of Andrew Pickens, U.S. House of Representatives SC 1793-1795.

William H Crawford GA Democratic-Republican

=====
Cousin of George W. Crawford, Secretary of War under Zachary Taylor
=====

As a young man, worked as a farmer and a schoolteacher for about 10 years, then began to practice law in Lexington, Georgia, in 1799

1803-1807 GA House of Representatives

Nov 7 1807-Mar 23 1813 U.S. Senate GA

Mar 24 1812-Mar 23 1813 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Aug 1 1815-Oct 22 1816 Secretary of War under John Monroe

Oct 22 1816-Mar 6 1825 Secretary of the Treasury under John Monroe

Mar 23 1813-Aug 1 1815 Minister to France

1824 One of four Democratic-Republican Party candidates for President U.S., lost to John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson
 
1825 State Supreme Court Judge GA

During the 1820s, was a member of the prestigious society Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, who counted among their members former presidents Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams and many prominent men of the day, including well-known representatives of the military, government service, medical and other professions. Crawford also served as a Vice President in the American Colonization Society from its formation in 1817 until his death.

Nathaniel Macon NC Democratic-Republican

Attended College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Mar 4 1791-Dec 13 1815 U.S. House of Representatives NC

Dec 7 1801-Mar 4 1807 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Dec 15 1815-Nov 14 1828 U.S. Senate NC

1824 Democratic-Republican candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

May 20 1826-Dec 2 1827 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Henry Clay KY Democratic-Republican 1803-1825, National Republican 1825-1833, Whig 1833-1852

=====
Father of Thomas Clay, U.S. Ambassador to Honduras and Nicaragua

Father of Henry Clay Jr, Kentucky State House of Representatives 1835-1837

Father of James Clay, became a Democrat, U.S. Ambassador to Portugal 1849-1850, U.S. House of Representatives KY 1857-1859, did not run for renomination in 1858 and declined an appointment by President James Buchanan to a mission to Germany, served as a member of the Peace conference of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., an attempt to prevent the impending American Civil War
=====    

Clay was one of the "Great Triumvirate" or the "Immortal Trio" of Congressional leaders, along with his Congressional colleagues Daniel Webster and John C Calhoun  

His stepfather secured Clay employment in the office of the Virginia Court of Chancery, where the youth displayed an aptitude for law. There he became friends with George Wythe. Hampered by a crippled hand, Wythe chose Clay as his secretary. After Clay was employed as Wythe's amanuensis for four years, the chancellor took an active interest in Clay's future; he arranged a position for him with the Virginia Attorney General, Robert Brooke. Clay read law by working and studying with Wythe, Chancellor of the Commonwealth of Virginia, also a mentor to Thomas Jefferson and John Marshall, among others, and Brooke. Clay was admitted to Kentucky bar to practice law in 1797.

1803-1806 KY General Assembly

Dec 29 1806-Mar 4 1807 U.S. Senate KY

Jan 4 1810-Mar 4 1811 U.S. Senate KY

Mar 4 1811-Jan 19 1814 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Mar 4 1811-Jan 19 1814 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Mar 4 1815-Mar 3 1821 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Mar 4 1815-Dec 28 1820 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

1816 Helped establish and became President of American Colonization Society

Mar 4 1823-Mar 4 1825 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Mar 4 1823-Mar 4 1825 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

1824 One of four Democratic-Republican Party candidates for President U.S., lost to John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H Crawford

Mar 4 1825-Mar 4 1829 U.S. Secretary of State under John Quincy Adams

Nov 10 1831-Mar 31 1842 U.S. Senate KY

1832 National Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Andrew Jackson

1840 Candidate for Whig Party nomination for President U.S., lost to William Henry Harrison

1844 Whig Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James K Polk

1848 Candidate for Whig Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Zachary Taylor

Mar 4 1849-Jun 29 1852 U.S. Senate KY, died in office

Nathan Sanford NY Democratic-Republican

=====
Father of Edward Sanford NY State Senator

Father-in-law of Peter Gansevoort NY State Senator
=====

Studied law, admitted to New York bar, commenced practice in New York City

1802 United States commissioner in bankruptcy

1803-1815 District Attorney District of NY

1808-1809 NY State Assembly

1809 Speaker NY State Assembly

1811 NY State Assembly

1811 Elected Speaker NY State Assembly Jan 12 but could not attend session after Feb 10 due to  ill health

1812-1815 NY State Senate

Ma 4 1815-Mar 3 1821 U.S. Senate NY

1821 Delegate to NY State Constitutional Convention

1823-1826 Chancellor of NY (At the time a Court of Appeal, highest judicial officer in the state, jurisdiction on cases of equity in the state)

1824 Democratic-Republican candidate for Vice Presidential U.S. with Henry Clay, lost

1826-1831 U.S. Senate NY    



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 05, 2013, 05:20:29 pm
1828 Other candidates included in previous entries

William Smith SC Democratic

Attended several private academies, studied law and was admitted to SC bar in 1784

Settled in Pinckneyville, SC, and later in Yorkville, now York, SC, and practiced law

1802-1808 Member SC State Senate

1806-1808 President SC State Senate

1808-1816 Judge SC Circuit Court

Dec 4 1816-Mar 4 1823 U.S. Senate SC

1823 The legislature declined to re-elect him when his term expired

Nov 29 1826-Mar 4 1831 U.S. Senate SC

1828 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

1832 moved to Louisiana

1836 moved to Alabama

1836 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

1836-1840 AL State Legislature

1837 Nominated to U.S. Supreme Court by Andrew Jackson, confirmed by Senate, declined to serve

1832

Martin Van Buren NY Democratic

Was the first President born a citizen of the United States, as all previous Presidents were born before the American Revolution

His native language was Dutch, and to date, he is the only U.S. President who has spoken English as a second language

His formal education ended before he reached 14, when he began studying Law at the office of Peter Silvester and his son Francis, prominent Federalist attorneys in Kinderhook. After six years under the Silvesters, he spent a final year of apprenticeship in the New York City office of William P. Van Ness, a political lieutenant of Aaron Burr. Van Buren was admitted to the bar in 1803.

Van Buren had been active in politics from at least the age of 17 when he attended a party convention in Troy, New York where he worked to secure the Congressional nomination for John Van Ness. However, once established in his practice, he became wealthy enough to increase his focus on politics. He was an early supporter of Aaron Burr. He allied himself with the Clintonian faction of the Democratic-Republican Party, and was surrogate of Columbia County, New York from 1808 until 1813, when he was removed.

1808-1813 Surrogate of Columbia County, NY

1813-1820 NY State Senate

1815-1819 NY State Attorney General

1817 Leading figure in the Albany Regency

1817 Member NY state Constitutional Convention

1820 Presidential Elector

Mar 4 1821-Dec 20 1828 U.S. Senate NY

Jan 1 1829-Mar 5 1829 Governor NY

Mar 28 1829-May 23 1831 U.S. Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson

Aug 8 1831-Apr 4 1832 U.S. Minister to Great Britain

1832 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Andrew Jackson, elected

Mar 4 1833-Mar 4 1837 8th Vice President U.S. under Andrew Jackson

1836 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1837-Mar 4 1841 8th President U.S.

1840 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Henry Harrison

1844 Candidate for Democratic Party Presidential nomination, lost to James K Polk

1848 Freesoil Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Zachary Taylor, Lewis Cass

Second Lady of the United States, 1833-1837

Vacant, Martin Van Buren was a widower.

First Lady of the United States

Hannah Van Buren, wife of Martin Van Buren, died on February 5, 1819, eighteen years before Martin Van Buren became President. Angelica Singleton Van Buren, Martin's daughter-in-law, assumed the role of White House hostess during his incumbency, 1837-1841.

William Wilkins PA Democratic-Republican

Attended the Pittsburgh Academy, the forerunner of the University of Pittsburgh, read law in 1801 and graduated from Dickinson College in 1802. He was in private practice in Pittsburgh from 1801 to 1806, then in Lexington, Kentucky from 1806 to 1807, and again in Pittsburgh from 1808 to 1815.

1816-1819 President Pittsburgh City Council

1819-1820 PA State House of Representatives

1820-1824 Judge Fifth Judicial District

May 12 1824-Apr 14 1831 Judge Western District Court for the Western District of PA

1829 U.S. House of Representatives PA, resigned before qualifying

Mar 4 1831-Jun 30 1834 U.S. Senate PA

1832 Democratic-Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Andrew Jackson, defeated

Mar 4 1843-Feb 14 1844 U.S. House of Representatives PA

Feb 15 1844-Mar 4 1845 Secretary of War under John Tyler

1855-1857 PA State Senate

John Sergeant PA National Republican

University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia. Graduated from Princeton College in 1795. Became a lawyer and, after being admitted to the bar in 1799, practiced law for fifty years.

1800 Deputy Attorney General for Philadelphia

1801 Commissioner for Bankruptcy for PA

1808-1810 PA State House of Representatives

Mar 4 1815-Mar 4 1823 U.S. House of Representatives PA

1825 President PA Board of Canal Commissioners

1826 Envoy to Panama Congress

Mar 4 1827-Mar 4 1829 U.S. House of Representatives PA

1829 Legal Counsel to the Bank of the U.S.

1832 National Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. with Henry Clay, lost

Mar 4 1837-Mar 4 1841 U.S. House of Representatives PA

1838 President PA Constitutional Convention

John Floyd VA Independent Democrat

Attended Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania at the age of thirteen. Became a member of the Union Philosophical Society in 1797. Although he matriculated with the class of 1798, he had to withdraw due to financial troubles. His guardian had failed in his payments.

When his step-father, Alexander Breckinridge, died in 1801, he was able to return, but had to withdraw again due to a lung illness. He moved to Philadelphia and was placed under the care of Dr. Benjamin Rush, an experience that influenced his decision to pursue a medical career. After an apprenticeship in Louisville, Kentucky, Floyd enrolled in the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1804 and became an honorary member of the Philadelphia Medical Society and a member of the Philadelphia Medical Lyceum. Floyd was graduated in 1806.  He moved to Lexington, Virginia and then to the town of Christiansburg, Virginia.

1807 Served as Justice of the Peace

1807-1812 Surgeon with the rank of Major in Virginia State Militia  

1814 Brigadier General VA Militia

1814-1815 VA House of Delegates

Mar 4 1817-Mar 3 1829 U.S. House of Representatives VA

Mar 4 1830-Mar 31 1834 Governor VA

1832 Independent (Nullifier) candidate for President U.S., lost to Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay

Henry Lee MA Independent Democrat

Political Economist

Writings were popular in England. Advocated free trade and opposed the tariff.

1832 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with John Floyd, lost

William Wirt VA Anti-Masonic

Ninian Edwards, later Governor of Illinois, had been Wirt's schoolmate, and Edwards' father, Benjamin Edwards, later a member of congress from Maryland, thought Wirt had more ordinary natural ability and invited him to reside in his family as tutor,  offering him also the use of his library for his own studies. Wirt accepted the offer and stayed twenty months, teaching, pursuing his own classical and historical studies, writing, and preparing for the bar.

1792 Admitted to Virginia bar

1795 Moved to Pen Park, VA, where he made the acquaintance of many persons of eminence, including Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe

1799 Clerk, VA House of Delegates

1799 Chancellor eastern district of VA

1807 Appointed by Thomas Jefferson to be the Prosecutor in Aaron Burr's treason trial

1808 VA  House of Delegates

1816 District Attorney

Mar 13 1817-Mar 4 1829 U.S. Attorney General under John Monroe and John Quincy Adams
Has the record for the longest tenure in history of any U.S. Attorney General

1832 Anti-Masonic candidate for President U.S., lost to Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, John Floyd

Amos Ellmaker PA Anti-Masonic

Studied law at Princeton College in New Jersey. Attended Litchfield Law School, and continued his legal studies under the tutelage of James Hopkins, the same Lancaster attorney who trained James Buchanan. Ellmaker completed his studies in the Harrisburg office of Thomas Elde.

1808 Admitted to the Pennsylvania bar, and began practicing law in Harrisburg

1809 Deputy Attorney General Dauphin County, PA

1813-1814 PA General Assembly

1814 Elected U.S. House of Representatives PA but never took office

1815-1816 President Judge of Twelth Judicial District of PA

1816-1819 PA State Attorney General

Declined offer from James Monroe to become U.S. Secretary of War

Twice turned down offers to become Secretary of the Commonwealth of PA

Twice turned down offers to become a Justice of the Supreme Court of PA

1828-1829 Attorney General PA

1832 Anti-Masonic candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Wirt, lost

1834 Candidate for U.S. Senate PA, finishing second to James Buchanan




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 05, 2013, 05:22:16 pm
1836

Richard Mentor Johnson KY Democratic

Entered Transylvania University Lexington, KY. By 1799, was studying law (reading the law) as a legal apprentice with George Nicholas and James Brown. They were professors of law at the University in addition to being in private practice.

Admitted to Kentucky bar 1802, opened his office at Great Crossing

United States Army 1812-1814, rank of Colonel, fought in War of 1812

1804-1806 KY State House of Representatives

Mar 4 1807-Mar 3 1819 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Aug 1819-Dec 1819 KY State House of Representatives

Dec 6 1819-Mar 3 1829 U.S. Senate KY

Seriously considered by James Monroe for Secretary of War

Mar 4 1829-Mar 3 1837 U.S. House of Representative KY

1836 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Martin Van Buren, elected

Mar 4 1837-Mar 4 1841 9th Vice President U.S. under Martin Van Buren

1840 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Martin Van Buren, defeated

1841-1843 KY State House of Representatives

1842 Candidate for U.S. Senate KY, defeated

1844 Candidate for Democratic Party Presidential nomination, defeated

1848 Candidate for Governor KY, defeated

1850 KY State House of Representatives 2 weeks

Second Lady of the United States 1837-1841

Vacant, Richard Mentor Johnson was unmarried.

William Henry Harrison OH Whig

=====
Son of Benjamin Harrison V, delegate to Continental Congress, 1774–1777, who signed the Declaration of Independence, Governor VA 1781-1784, during and after the American Revolutionary War

Brother of Carter Bassett Harrison, member VA House of Delegates, 1784–1786 and 1805–1808, member U.S. House of Representatives VA 1793-1799

Grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis, IN City Attorney appointed 1856, Reporter Indiana Supreme Court appointed 1860, Republican Party candidate for Governor IN, dropped out of election, 1876, Mississippi River Commission 1879, U.S. Senate IN 1881-1887, Lost bid for reelection U.S. Senate IN 1886, President U.S. 1889-1893, Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., lost, 1892  
=====

1787-1790 Presbyterian Hampden-Sydney College. Attended the school until 1790, becoming well versed in Latin and basic French.

Briefly attended a boys' academy in Southampton County, allegedly influenced by anti-slavery Quakers and Methodists at the school

1790-1791 University of Pennsylvania, studied medicine.  Shortly after Harrison started these studies, his father died in 1791, leaving him without funds for further schooling.

1791-1798, 1811 United States Army

1812-1814 Indiana Territory Militia

Rank of Major General

Northwest Indian War
Tecumseh's War
War of 1812
 
Jun 28 1798-Oct 1 1799 Secretary of the Northwest Territory, frequently acting as Governor during the absences of Governor Arthur St. Clair

Mar 4 1799-May 14 1800 First Territorial Congressional delegate from the Northwest Territory

Jan 10 1801-Dec 28 1812 Governor Indiana Territory

1804-1805 Governor District of Louisiana

1814 Appointed by James Madison Commissioner to negotiate two treaties with the Indian tribes of the Northwest

Oct 8 1816-Mar 3 1819 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1819-1821 OH State Senate

Mar 4 1825-May 20 1828 U.S. Senate OH

May 24 1828-Sep 26 1829 U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Colombia

1836 One of four Whig Party candidates for President U.S., lost to Martin Van Buren

1840 Whig Party candidate for President U.S., elected, defeating Martin Van Buren

Mar 4 1841-Apr 4 1841 9th President U.S., died in office of complications of pneumonia    

Had the shortest tenure of any President in U.S. history, and was the first President to die in office

The last President born as a British subject before American Independence

First Lady of the United States

Anna Harrison, President William Henry Harrison's wife, was too sick to travel with William to Washington D.C. for his inauguration, and asked their daughter-in-law Jane Irwin Harrison to accompany him and act as hostess until her proposed arrival in May. William Henry Harrison died after serving only 31 days in office, and Anna never made the trip to the White House.

Anna Harrison

Her father, John Cleves Symmes, was a Chief Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, deputy to the Provincial Congress of New Jersey 1775-1776, the Chairman of the Sussex County Committee of Safety during the Revolution, and a New Jersey delegate to the Continental Congress 1785-1786.

She received an unusually broad education for a woman of the times. She attended Clinton Academy at Easthampton, Long Island, and the private school of Isabella Graham in New York City.

Francis Granger NY National Republican, Whig, Anti-Masonic

=====
Son of Gideon Granger, Postmaster General U.S. 1801-1814

Cousin of Amos P Granger U.S. House of Representatives NY 1855-1859
=====

Pursued classical studies at and graduated from Yale College 1814. Moved with his father to Canandaigua, NY 1814 where he studied law, was admitted to the bar 1816 and commenced practice.  

1826-1828 NY State Assembly

1828 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1830 Candidate for Governor NY, lost

1830-1832 NY State Assembly

1832 Candidate for Governor NY, lost

Mar 4 1835-Mar 3 1837 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1836 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Henry Harrison, lost

Mar 4 1839-Mar 3 1841 U.S. House of Representatives NY

Mar 6 1841-Sep 18 1841 U.S. Postmaster General under William Henry Harrison, John Tyler

Nov 27 1841-Mar 3 1843 U.S. House of Representatives NY

A supporter of the Compromise of 1850, led the pro-Fillmore group.  This faction would remain in conflict with the anti-Compromise Sewardites until the collapse of the Whig Party in the state in 1855.

1856-1860 Chairman Whig Party National Executive Committee

1860 Joined in the call for the convention of the Constitutional Union Party that was held in May 1860

1861 Member of the peace convention of 1861 in Washington, D.C. in an effort to devise means to prevent the Civil War

Hugh Lawson White TN Democratic-Republican, Democratic, Whig

Studied law in Lancaster, PA under James Hopkins, admitted to the bar 1796

1801-1807 Judge Superior Court TN

1807-1809 TN State Legislature

1809-1815 Judge State Court of Errors and Appeals (replaced Superior Court as highest court)

1815-1817 TN State Senate

1821 Appointed by James Madison to a commission to settle claims against Spain following the Adams-Onis treaty in which Spain sold Florida to the U.S.

Oct 28 1825-Jan 13 1840 U.S. Senate TN (Chosen by TN State Legislature to replace Andrew Jackson)

1831 Turned down offer by Andrew Jackson to become Secretary of War

1836 One of four Whig Party candidates for President U.S., lost to Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison

Dec 3 1832-Dec 15 1833 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

John Tyler VA Democratic-Republican, Democratic, National Democratic-Republican, Whig, Independent

=====
Son of John Tyler, Sr., commonly known as Judge Tyler, a friend and college roommate of Thomas Jefferson and served in the VA House of Delegates, the lower house of the VA General Assembly, alongside Benjamin Harrison V, father of William Henry Harrison. The elder Tyler served four years as Speaker of the VA House of Delegates before becoming a state court judge. He subsequently served as Governor of VA, 1808-1811 and as a judge on the U.S. District Court at Richmond.

Father of David Gardiner Tyler, VA State Senate 1892-1893, 1900-1903, U.S. House of Representatives VA 1893-1897, Circuit Court Judge 1904-1927

Father of John Alexander Tyler, appointed by President Rutherford B. Hayes  as a surveyor for the United States Department of the Interior
=====

At age twelve, entered preparatory branch of elite College of William and Mary. Graduated from the school's collegiate branch 1807

His political opinions were shaped by Bishop James Madison, the college's president and a cousin to the future President of the United States by the same name

After graduation studied law with his father, who was a state judge, and later with former United States Attorney General Edmund Randolph. Admitted to bar at age 19, in violation of the rules. The judge who examined him neglected to ask his age.

1811-1816 VA House of Delegates

1816 VA Governor's Council of State

Dec 17 1816-Mar 3 1821 U.S. House of Representatives VA

1823-1825 VA House of Delegates

Dec 10 1825-Mar 4 1827 Governor VA

Mar 4 1827-Feb 29 1836 U.S. Senate VA

1830 Delegate to VA State Constitutional Convention

Mar 3 1835-Dec 6 1835 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

1836 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Hugh L White, defeated

1838 VA House of Delegates

1840 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Henry Harrison, elected

Mar 4 1841-Apr 4 1841 10th Vice President U.S.

President Harrison's death Apr 4 1841, one month after his inauguration, made Tyler the first Vice President to succeed to the Presidency without being elected to the office of President. To forestall constitutional uncertainty, Tyler immediately took the oath of office, moved into the White House, and assumed full Presidential powers, a precedent that would govern future successions and eventually become codified in the Twenty-fifth Amendment.

Apr 4 1841-Mar 4 1845 10th President U.S.

A House select committee, headed by John Quincy Adams, condemned the President's use of the veto. While the committee's report did not formally recommend impeachment, it clearly established the possibility. In Aug 1842, by a vote of 98–90, the House endorsed the committee's report. Adams sponsored a constitutional amendment to change both houses' two-thirds requirement, for overriding vetoes, to a simple majority, but neither house passed such a measure. The Whigs were unable to pursue further impeachment proceedings in the subsequent 28th Congress, as in the elections of 1842 they retained a majority in the U.S. Senate but lost control of the U.S. House.

May 27 1844 Nominated as National Democratic-Republican Party candidate for President U.S. No Vice Presidential running mate was designated. Aug 20 1844 Dropped out of Presidential race. His supporters then backed the Democratic Party Presidential nominee James K Polk.

Feb 1861 Sponsor and chairman of VA Peace Convention Washington, D.C. in an effort to devise means to prevent a war

Feb 1861 Delegate to Provisional Confederate Congress

Jan 1862 House of Representatives Confederate States of America Congress VA, died before Congress opened

Second Lady of the United States Letitia Tyler 1841

First Lady of the United States


Letitia Tyler, wife of John Tyler, died Sep 10, 1842, while her husband, John Tyler, was still in office. Their daughter-in-law, Priscilla Cooper Tyler acted as White House hostess until John Tyler married Julia Gardiner on June 26, 1844. Julia Tyler becoming First Lady until 1845.

Letitia Tyler

Avoided the limelight during her husband's political rise, preferring domestic responsibilities to those of a public wife.

Was the first First Lady to die in the White House.

Julia Tyler

Her father, David Gardiner, was a prominent landowner and New York State Senator 1824-1828.  



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 06, 2013, 07:15:51 pm
1836 Continued

Willie Person Mangum NC Whig

1815 Graduated from University of North Carolina

Mar 4 1823-Mar 18 1826 U.S. House of Representatives NC

1826-1831? Superior Court Judge

Mar 4 1831-Nov 26 1836 U.S. Senate NC (1831-1834 Democratic, 1834-1836 Whig)

1836 One of four Whig candidates for President U.S., lost to Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, Hugh L White, Daniel Webster

Nov 25 1840-Mar 4 1853 U.S. Senate NC

May 31 1842-Mar 4 1845 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate during a vacancy in the Vice Presidency, becoming "acting" Vice President

Also became next in line in succession to the Presidency May 23 1842-May 4, 1845

1852 Refused offer to become Vice Presidential candidate on the Whig national ticket

Daniel Webster NH MA Whig

Webster was one of the "Great Triumvirate" or the "Immortal Trio" of Congressional leaders, along with his Congressional colleagues Henry Clay and John C Calhoun

Recognized as one of the most effective orators of his time, and was one of the highest regarded courtroom lawyers of the era, and shaped several key U.S. Supreme Court cases that established important constitutional precedents that bolstered the authority of the federal government

Chosen Fourth of July orator in Hanover, the college town, in 1800, and in his speech appears the substance of the political principles for the development of which he is chiefly famous

1797-1801 Dartmouth College

After he graduated from Dartmouth, Phi Beta Kappa, was apprenticed to the lawyer Thomas W. Thompson in Salisbury. When his older brother Ezekiel's studies required Webster's support, the young man resigned from the law office and worked as a schoolteacher, as young men often did then, when public education consisted largely of subsidies to local schoolmasters. In 1802 Webster began as the headmaster of the Fryeburg Academy, Maine, where he served for one year. When Ezekiel's education could no longer be sustained, Webster returned to his apprenticeship.

1804 left New Hampshire and got a position in Boston under the prominent attorney Christopher Gore. Clerking for Gore, who was involved in international, national, and state politics, Webster learned about many legal and political subjects and met numerous New England politicians. In 1805 Webster was admitted to the bar.

1812 Delegate to Rockingham Convention

Mar 4 1813-Mar 3 1817 U.S. House of Representatives NH

1820 Delegate MA Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1823-May 30 1827 U.S. House of Representatives MA

Jun 8 1827-Feb 22 1841 U.S. Senate MA

1836 One of four Whig candidates for President U.S., lost to Martin Van Buren, William Henry Harrison, Hugh L White

1840 Ran for Whig Presidential nomination, lost to William Henry Harrison

1840 Offered Whig Vice Presidential nomination, declined

Mar 6 1841-May 8 1843 U.S. Secretary of State under William Henry Harrison, John Tyler

Mar 4 1845-Jul 22 1850 U.S. Senate MA

Jul 23 1850-Oct 24 1852 U.S. Secretary of State under Millard Fillmore, Webster died in office

1852 Ran for Whig Presidential nomination, lost to Winfield Scott

1852 Union Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin Pierce

1840

Littleton W. Tazewell VA Democratic-Republian, Democratic, Jacksonian Republican

1791 Graduated from the College of William and Mary

Studied law, was admitted to the Virginia bar in 1796, and commenced practice in James City County, Virginia

1798-1800 VA House of Delegates

Nov 26 1800-Mar 3 1801 U.S. House of Representatives VA

1804-1806 VA General Assembly

1816-1817 VA House of Delegates

1821 One of the commissioners of claims under the treaty with Spain ceding Florida

Dec 7 1824-Jul 16 1832 U.S. Senate VA

Jul 9 1832-Jul 16 1832 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Mar 31 1834-Apr 30 1836 Governor VA

1840 Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with Martin Van Buren, lost

First Lady of the United States Sarah Polk 1845-1849

Was well educated for a woman of her time and place, attending the exclusive Moravians' Salem Academy in Winston-Salem, North Carolina in 1817, one of the few institutions of higher learning available to women in the early 19th century.

James G Birney KY, AL, MI Liberty Party

1808 Entered the College of New Jersey at age seventeen, which was the name of Princeton University at that time. He studied political philosophy, logic and moral philosophy, and became known as a proficient debater. Among his classmates, he became particularly good friends with George M. Dallas. He studied under the president of the school, Samuel Stanhope Smith, who was both a logician and author that held weak anti-slavery sentiments. He believed that slavery was morally wrong, but upheld the citizens' right of ownership. Birney graduated from Princeton on September 26, 1810.

May 1814 Took up the practice of law, becoming the acting attorney for the local bank. He handled both civil and criminal lawsuits in Danville and other outlying counties of Kentucky. The economy of Kentucky was rather poor at this time, as the War of 1812 had caused a schism in trade within the state. Having trouble making ends meet, Birney made his living at this time primarily as a claims adjuster.

1810 Worked on campaign of Henry Clay

1815 Again worked for the successful campaign of Henry Clay, who was running for U.S. Congress.
Also campaigned for George Madison, who was running for Kentucky Governor and won.

1815-1816 Member Danville, KY Town Council

1816 KY General Assembly (KY House of Representatives)

1819 AL House of Representatives

1823-1825 Solicitor AL fifth Congressional District

1826 Joined American Colonization Society

1828 Presidential Elector on the John Quincy Adams Richard Rush ticket

1829-1831 Mayor Huntsville, AL

1837-1840 Officer American Anti-Slavery Society, NY

1840 Liberty Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Henry Harrison

1840 Delegate World Anti-Slavery Convention London

1844 Liberty Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James K Polk

1845 Candidate Governor MI, lost

Thomas Earle PA Liberty Party

=====
Descendant of Ralph Earle, one of the original petitioners of King Charles I to found the state of Rhode Island

His great grandson was George Howard Earle III, Governor of Pennsylvania
=====

Educated at Leicester academy

1817 Moved to Philadelphia, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits for a few years, but subsequently studied law and practiced his profession. He became distinguished also as a journalist

He lost his popularity with the Democratic Party by advocating the extension of the right of suffrage to African Americans

1837 he took an active part in calling the Constitutional convention of Pennsylvania, of which he was a prominent member, and it is supposed that he made the original draft of the new constitution

He lost his popularity with the Democratic Party by advocating the extension of the right of suffrage to African Americans

1837-1838 Delegate to the convention to revise Pennsylvania's constitution. There he was one of the strongest defenders of black voting rights, along with Thaddeus Stevens.

His defense of black voting rights was, however, unsuccessful. The new constitution included the word "white", formally disenfranchising blacks for the first time.

1840 Liberty Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James G Birney, lost



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 06, 2013, 07:54:57 pm
1844

James K Polk TN Democratic

1814 Attended an academy in Murfreesboro, Tennessee

Jan 1816 Transferred and was admitted into the University of North Carolina as a second-semester sophomore. The Polks had connections with the university, then a small school of about 80 students: Sam Polk was their land agent for Tennessee, and his cousin, William Polk, was a trustee. While there, Polk joined the Dialectic Society where he regularly took part in debates and learned the art of oratory. His roommate, William Dunn Moseley, later became the first Governor of Florida. Polk graduated with honors in May 1818. The University later named the lower quad on its main campus, Polk Place.

After graduation, Polk traveled to Nashville to study law under renowned Nashville trial attorney Felix Grundy. Grundy became Polk's first mentor. Polk was admitted to the bar in June 1820.

1822 Joined the Tennessee militia as a Captain in the cavalry regiment of the 5th Brigade. He was later appointed a Colonel on the staff of Governor William Carroll, and was afterwards often referred to or addressed by his military title.

1819-1822 Clerk TN State Senate

1823-1825 TN State Legislature

Oct 1823 Voted for Andrew Jackson to become the next United States Senator from Tennessee. Jackson won and from then on Polk was a firm supporter of Jackson.

1824 Unsuccessful candidate for Democratic Party Presidential nomination

Mar 4 1825-Mar 4 1839 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Dec 7 1835-Mar 4 1839 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Oct 14 1839-Oct 15 1841 Governor TN

1840 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Martin Van Buren, lost

1841 Democratic Party candidate for Governor TN, lost

1843 Democratic Party candidate for Governor TN, lost

1844 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1845-Mar 4 1849 11th President U.S.

Polk had the shortest retirement of all Presidents at 103 days

First Lady of the United States Sarah Polk 1845-1849

Was well educated for a woman of her time and place, attending the exclusive Moravians' Salem Academy in Winston-Salem, North Carolina in 1817, one of the few institutions of higher learning available to women in the early 19th century.

George M Dallas PA Democratic

Educated privately at Quaker-run preparatory schools, before studying at the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University, from which he graduated with highest honors in 1810. While at College, participated in several activities, including the American Whig–Cliosophic Society. Afterwards, he studied law, and was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar in 1813.

Wanted to fight in the War of 1812, a plan that he dropped due to his father's objection

1814 Private Secretary to Envoy to Russia

1814 Envoy to Great Britain
 
1814-1816 Remitter of the Treasury

1816-1817 Counsel to Second Bank of the United States

1817-1820 Deputy Attorney General of Philadelphia

1828-1829 Mayor of Philadelphia

1829-1831 District Attorney Eastern District of PA

Dec 13 1831-Mar 4 1833 U.S. Senate PA

Oct 14 1833-Dec 1 1835 Attorney General PA

Mar 7 1837-Jul 29 1839 U.S. Minister to Russia

1844 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James K Polk, elected

Mar 4 1845-Mar 4 1849 11th Vice President U.S. under James K Polk

Apr 4 1856-May 16 1861 Minister to United Kingdom

Second Lady of the United States Sophia Dallas 1845-1849

Granddaughter of Benjamin Chew, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Province of Pennsylvania 1774–1777.

Henry Clay Whig Party candidate for President U.S. See 1824

Theodore Frelinghuysen NJ Whig

=====
Uncle of Frederick T. Frelinghuysen,  Attorney General NJ 1861-1867, U.S. Senate NJ 1871-1877,  U..S. Secretary of State 1881-1885

Great-great-grandfather of Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr, U.S. Senator MA 1947-1953, U.S. Ambassador to United Nations 1953-1960, unsuccessful Republican candidate Vice President U.S. 1960, U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam 1965-1967, U.S. Ambassador to West Germany 1968-1969, Personal Representative of the President to the Holy See 1970-1977

Rodney Frelinghuysen, NJ General Assembly 1984-1995, U.S. House of Representatives NJ assumed office 1995, is a descendant
=====

1804 Graduated from the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Studied law under his brother John Frelinghuysen, and later, Richard Stockton. He was admitted to the bar as an attorney in 1808 and as a counselor in 1811, and set up a law practice in Newark during this time period.

War of 1812, was a captain of a company of volunteers

1817-1829 Attorney General NJ

Turned down appointment to NJ Supreme Court

1826-1861 Vice President of American Sunday School Union

Mar 4 1829-Mar 4 1835 U.S. Senate NJ

1837-1838 Mayor Newark NJ

1839-1850 President New York University

1841-1857  President of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions

1842-1846 President of American Tract Society
 
1844 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Henry Clay, lost

1846-1862 President of American Bible Society

1850-1862 President Rutgers University  

Vice President American Colonization Society

James G Birney Liberty Party candidate for President U.S. See 1840

Thomas Morris OH Democratic, Liberty Party

1793 Enlisted as a Ranger to fight the Indians

1804 Began practicing law in Bethel, Ohio

May 12, 1806, shortly after the beginning of the 1806–1807 term of the Ohio House of Representatives, Morris contested the election of David C. Bryan and was awarded the seat from Clermont County

1806-1807 OH State House of Representatives

1808 OH State House of Representatives

1809 Justice OH Supreme Court

1813-1815 OH State Senate

1820-1821 OH State House of Representatives

1821-1823 OH State Senate

1825-1829 OH State Senate

1831-1833 OH State Senate

Mar 4 1833-Mar 4 1839 Democrat U.S. Senate OH

1844 Liberty Party candidate Vice President U.S. with James G Birney, lost  

Joseph Smith Jr IL Independent

Apr 6 1830-Jun 27 1844 President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)

Dec 16 1840-Jun 27 1844 Lieutenant General Nauvoo (IL) Legion

May 19 1842-Jun 27 1844 Mayor Nauvoo IL

Joseph Smith Jr left Nauvoo for Washington, D.C., with Sidney Rigdon, Elias Higbee, and Orrin Porter Rockwell “to lay before the Congress of the United States, the grievances of the Saints while in Missouri.” Joseph Smith Jr and Judge Higbee met with President Martin Van Buren on November 29, 1839. At first Van Buren was inconsiderate of Joseph Smith Jr's plea. However, as the discussion progressed, the President promised to reconsider his position and “felt to sympathize with the Mormons, on account of their sufferings.”

After their visit with President Van Buren, Joseph Smith Jr and Elias Higbee stayed two months in the East, trying to gain support from Senators and Representatives who might be willing to espouse their cause. They met with President Van Buren again in February 1840. By this time, Van Buren had lost any sympathetic feelings he might have had for the Church. According to Joseph Smith, the President treated them rudely and declared: “Gentlemen, your cause is just, but I can do nothing for you. If I take up for you I shall lose the vote of Missouri.”

November 4, 1843, Joseph Smith Jr wrote letters to John C. Calhoun, Lewis Cass, Richard M Johnson, Henry Clay, and Martin Van Buren, the five leading candidates for the Presidency of the United States, to gauge their feelings towards the Mormon community.  The responses had been non-committal. Interestingly enough, Smith did not write to James K Polk, eventual winner of the election, who was not a frontrunner in 1843.

January 29 1844 Joseph Smith Jr announced his candidacy as an Independent candidate  for President of the United States for the 1844 Presidential election

1844 Independent candidate for President U.S.

Jun 27 1844 Assassinated before election

The 1844 Presidential campaign is historically notable, in part, as it was the first Presidential campaign in which a Presidential candidate was assassinated during the campaign

Sidney Rigdon PA Independent

Mar 8 1832-Mar 18 1833 Second Counselor in the First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)

Mar 18 1833-Jun 27 1844 First Counselor in the First Presidency of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon)

1844 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with Joseph Smith Jr

Jun 27 1844 Joseph Smith Jr assassinated before election

Apr 6 1845-Apr 1847 President Church of Christ (Rigdonites)

Mar 1856-Jul 14 1876 President Church of Jesus Christ of the Children of Zion

Reorganized in 1862 under the name of The Church of Jesus Christ
 


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 07, 2013, 10:41:31 pm
1848

Zachary Taylor LA Whig

=====
Taylor was a descendant of Elder William Brewster, the Pilgrim colonist leader of the Plymouth Colony, a Mayflower immigrant, and one of the signers of the Mayflower Compact, and Isaac Allerton Jr, a colonial merchant and Colonel who was the son of Mayflower Pilgrim Isaac Allerton and Fear Brewster. Taylor's second cousin through that line was James Madison, the fourth President U.S.

Father of Sarah Knox Taylor, Married to Jefferson Davis, an officer in the United States Army at the time, who would go on to become President of the Confederate states of America.  Sarah Taylor died from illness three months after the marriage.

Father of Mary Elizabeth Taylor, 1848 married William Wallace Smith Bliss, an army officer who had served with her father. 1849 President Taylor appointed William Bliss as his Presidential Secretary.

Father of Richard Scott Taylor, Was active in Democratic Party politics, interceded on behalf of former Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis, then still held in Fortress Monroe, and was a leading political opponent of Northern Reconstruction policies
=====

There were no formal schools on the Kentucky frontier, and Taylor had a sporadic formal education

May 3, 1808, Joined the U.S. Army, receiving a commission as a First Lieutenant of the Seventh Infantry Regiment

Achieved rank of Major General United States Army

Years of service

1808-1849

Commands

Army of Occupation

Battles/wars

War of 1812
Siege of Fort Harrison

Black Hawk War

Second Seminole War
Battle of Lake Okeechobee

Mexican–American War
Battle of Palo Alto
Battle of Resaca de la Palma
Battle of Monterrey

1841-1848 Commander Second Department of Army's Western Division

General Zachary Taylor of Louisiana, an attractive candidate because of his successes on the battlefield, but who had never voted in an election himself, was openly courted by both the Democratic and Whig parties. Taylor ultimately declared himself a Whig, and easily took their nomination. Defeated for the Whig Presidential nomination, Henry Clay, Winfield Scott, Daniel Webster and others. After Webster turned down the Vice Presidential candidacy, Millard Fillmore received the party's nomination for Vice President, defeating, among others, Abbott Lawrence, a Massachusetts politician whose mild opposition to slavery led him to be dubbed a "Cotton Whig".

1848 Whig Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1849-Jul 9 1850 12th President U.S., died in office of complications of a stomach ailment

First Lady of the United States Margaret Taylor 1849-1850

Daughter of Walter Smith, a prosperous Maryland planter and veteran officer of the American Revolution.

Millard Fillmore NY Anti-Masonic before 1832, Whig 1832-1855, American Party (Know Nothing) 1855-1856

=====
Father of Millard Powers Fillmore, who served as his father's, President Millard Fillmore's, private secretary during his Presidency. After practicing law in Buffalo, New York, he was appointed a federal court clerk.
=====

Struggled to obtain an education living on the frontier and attended New Hope Academy for six months in 1819

1819 Began to clerk and study law under Judge Walter Wood of Montville.  Left Judge Wood, and moved to Buffalo, where he continued his studies in the law office of Asa Rice and Joseph Clary. Admitted to the bar in 1823 and began his law practice in East Aurora, New York.

1820s and 1830s Was a member of the New York Militia serving as Inspector of New York's 47th Brigade with the rank of Major

1829-1831 NY State Assembly

Mar 4 1833-Mar 3 1835 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1834 Was not re-nominated as a candidate for U.S. House of Representatives NY

1834 Formed a law partnership, Fillmore and Hall, which became Fillmore, Hall and Haven in 1836, with close friend Nathan K Hall who would later serve in his cabinet as Postmaster General. It would become one of western New York's most prestigious law firms, and exists to this day as Hodgson Russ LLP.

Mar 4 1837-Mar 3 1843 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1844 Candidate for Governor NY, lost

1846 Helped found the private University of Buffalo, which today is the public University at Buffalo, the largest school in the New York state university system

1846-1874 First Chancellor of University of Buffalo

Jan 1 1848-Feb 20 1849 NY State Comptroller

1848 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Zachary Taylor, elected

The 1848 Whig National Convention nominated General Zachary Taylor, a slaveholder from Louisiana, for President. This upset supporters of Henry Clay and "Conscience Whigs" opposed to slavery in territories gained in the Mexican–American War. A group of Whig pragmatists sought to balance the ticket, and the convention nominated Fillmore for Vice President. Fillmore came from a free state, had moderate anti-slavery views, and could help carry the populous state of New York.

Mar 4 1849-Jul 9 1850 12th Vice President U.S. under Zachary Taylor

Jul 9 1850–Mar 4 1853 13th President U.S.

Became President upon the death of Zachary Taylor

As the election of 1852 approached, Fillmore remained undecided whether to seek the Whig Party Presidential nomination, and to run for a full term as President. Fillmore eventually decided to run, with the nomination being won by Franklin Pierce.    

1856 American Party (Know Nothing) candidate for President U.S., lost  to James Buchanan, John C Fremont

1860-1865 Commanded the Union Continentals, a corps of home guards of males over the age of 45 from Upstate NY area

Second Lady of the United States Abigail Fillmore 1849-1850

First Lady of the United States Abigail Fillmore 1850-1853


In 1819, she took a teaching post at the new academy in New Hope, where her oldest pupil was 19-year-old Millard Fillmore, whom she married in 1826.

Lewis Cass OH, MI Democratic

1806-1807 OH State House of Representatives

1807 U.S. Marshall OH

1808 Masonic Grand Master Grand Lodge OH

1813-1814 Brigadier General U.S. Army of Michigan, served in War of 1812

Oct 13 1813-Aug 1 1831 Territorial Governor MI

During his time as Territorial Governor of Michigan he was frequently absent, and several territorial secretaries often acted as Governor in his place
 
1817 One of two Commissioners negotiating Treaty of Fort Meigs

1817 Turned down offer to serve as Secretary of War under James Monroe

1820 Led expedition to modern day Minnesota to map region and discover source of Mississippi River

1826 Masonic Grand Master Grand Lodge MI

Aug 1 1831-Oct 4 1836 U.S. Secretary of War under Andrew Jackson

Oct 4 1836-Nov 12 1842 U.S. Ambassador to France

1844 Unsuccessful candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to James K Polk

Mar 4 1845-May 29 1848 U.S. Senate MI

1848 Democratic Party candidate President U.S., lost to Zachary Taylor

Mar 4 1849-Mar 4 1857 U.S. Senate MI

Dec 4 1854-Dec 5 1854 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Mar 6 1857-Dec 14 1860 U.S. Secretary of State under James Buchanan

William O Butler KY Democratic

1812 Graduated from Transylvania University
 
Began the study of law with Robert Wickliffe, but his education was interrupted by the War of 1812

When the War of 1812 began, volunteered as a private to fight the British and the Indians

After the end of the War of 1812, returned to Kentucky, resumed his legal studies, and attained admission to the bar. From 1817 to 1844, he practiced law in Carrollton.

1817-1818 KY State House of Representatives

Mar 4 1839-Mar 3 1843 U.S. House of Representatives KY

1844 Democratic Party candidate Governor KY, lost

Major General U.S. Army

1846 Mexican War, commanded Army of Mexico Occupation

1848 Commanding General American Army in Mexico City

1848 Democratic Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Lewis Cass, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 08, 2013, 10:09:52 pm
1848 Continued

Martin Van Buren NY Free Soil Party candidate for President U.S. See 1832

Charles Francis Adams SR MA Whig, Free Soil Party, Republican, Democratic  

=====
Great Grandson of John Adams Sr, Was a tax collector, was a Selectman, (Town Councilman) of the Town of Braintree MA (now Quincy) for 20 years

Grandson of John Adams, Delegate from MA Bay to First Continental Congress 1774, Delegate from MA to Second Continental Congress 1775-1778, U.S. Envoy to France 1778-1779, U.S. Minister to Netherlands 1782-1788, U.S. Minister to United Kingdom 1785-1788, Vice President U.S. 1789-1797, 2nd President U.S. 1797-1801, Federalist Party candidate for President U.S., lost, 1800

Son of John Quincy Adams, Minister to Netherlands 1794-1797, Minister to Prussia 1797-1801, U.S. Senate MA 1803-1808, Minister to Russia 1809-1814, Minister to United Kingdom 1814-1817, U.S. Secretary of State 1817-1825, 6th President U.S. 1825-1829, National Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost, 1828, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1831-1848

Fourth Cousin of Samuel Adams, Clerk MA State House of Representatives 1766-1774, Delegate from MA to Continental Congress 1774-1781, Signer of Declaration of Independence 1776, MA State Senate 1781-1789, President MA State Senate 1782-1785, 1787-1788, Lieutenant Governor MA 1789-1794, Acting Governor MA 1793-1794, Governor MA 1794-1797  
=====

Attended Boston Latin School and Harvard College, where he graduated in 1825. He then studied law with Daniel Webster, and practiced in Boston. He wrote numerous reviews of works about American and British history for the North American Review.

1840-1843 MA State General Court (Legislature)

1841 MA State House of Representatives

1844-1845 MA State Senate

1848 Free Soil candidate Vice President U.S. with Martin Van Buren, lost

Mar 4 1859-May 1 1861 U.S. House of Representatives, MA

May 16 1861-May 13 1868 U.S. Minister to Great Britain

1868 Declined Presidency of Harvard University

1869 Served as an Overseer of Harvard University

1870 Built the first Presidential library in the United States,  Adams National Historical Park, to honor his father John Quincy Adams, library built in Quincy, MA

1871 Negotiated Civil War damage claims against Great Britain

1871-1872 Served as U.S. arbiter on the international commission of five arbitrators, to settle the "Alabama" claims that met in Geneva, Switzerland, negotiating Civil War damages. He is considered one of the main contributors on this seminal work in forwarding the concept of world law through arbitration.

1874 Chairman Board of Overseers Harvard University

1876 Democratic candidate Governor MA, lost

1876 During the 1876 Electoral College controversy, Adams sided with Democrat Samuel J Tilden over Republican Rutherford B. Hayes for the Presidency

Gerrit Smith NY Free Soil Party, Liberty Party

1818 Graduated from Hamilton College

About 1828 Became an active temperance campaigner, and in his hometown of Peterboro, he built one of the first temperance hotels in the country. He became an abolitionist in 1835, after attending an anti-slavery meeting in Utica, which had been broken up by a mob.

1840 Leading role in organization of Liberty Party

1840 Candidate for Governor NY on anti-slavery platform, lost

1848 Liberty Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Zachary Taylor

Mar 4 1853-Aug 7 1854 U.S. House of Representatives NY, Free Soil

1856 National Liberty Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James Buchanan

1858 Candidate for Governor NY on anti-slavery platform, lost

1860 Liberty (Union) Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Abraham Lincoln

Charles C Foote MI Liberty Party, American Party

1840 Graduated from Oberlin College

Presbyterian minister, abolitionist, temperance activist

1848 Liberty Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gerrit Smith, lost

1854 Moved to Detroit, Michigan and served as a traveling fundraising agent of the Refugee Home Society, which purchased land for former slaves in Ontario, where slavery was outlawed. Stayed in this position until the American Civil War ended and slavery was outlawed, at which time he became an agent in the Freedmen's Aid Society.

1882 Candidate for Governor Michigan as the American Party nominee, lost

David Rice Atchison MO Democratic

Atchison is best known for the claim that for one day, Sunday, March 4, 1849, he may have been Acting President of the United States. Historians, scholars and biographers all dismiss this claim.

Educated at Transylvania University in Lexington, where his classmates included five future Democratic senators, Solomon Downs of Louisiana, Jesse Bright of Indiana, George W. Jones of Iowa, Edward Hannegan of Indiana, and Jefferson Davis of Mississippi

Atchison was admitted to the Kentucky bar in 1829

Practiced law in Liberty, Clay County, MO

1834 Elected to Missouri state House of Representatives

1838 Reelected to Missouri state House of Representatives

1841 Appointed a circuit court judge for the six-county area of the Platte Purchase

1843 Named a county commissioner in Platte County

Oct 1843 Appointed to U.S. Senate MO to fill the vacancy left by the death of Lewis F. Linn. He thus became the first Senator from western Missouri. At age 36, he was the youngest senator from Missouri up to that time. Later in 1843, Atchison was appointed to serve the remainder of Linn's term and was re-elected in 1849.

Oct 14 1843–Mar 3 1855 U.S. Senate MO

Aug 8 1846–Dec 2, 1849 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Dec 20 1852-Dec 4 1854 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Mar 4 1855 Senate term expired, sought election to another term, but the Democrats in the Missouri legislature were split between him and Thomas Hart Benton, while the Whig minority put forward their own man. No Senator was elected until January 1857, when James S. Green was chosen.

1860-1861 Major General in Missouri State Guard

1861-1862 General Confederate States of America, Missouri, American Civil War

Atchison, owner of many slaves and a plantation, was a prominent pro-slavery activist and Border Ruffian leader, deeply involved with violence against abolitionists and other free-staters during the "Bleeding Kansas" events

"President For One Day"

Atchison himself never claimed that he was technically President of the United States for one day, Sunday, March 4, 1849. Outgoing President James K. Polk's term ended at noon on March 4, 1849, which was a Sunday. His successor, Zachary Taylor, refused to be sworn into office on Sunday. As President Pro Tempore, and therefore Acting Vice President, under the Presidential succession law in place at the time, Atchison was believed by some to be Acting President.

In an interview with the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Atchison revealed that he slept through most of the day of his alleged Presidency: "There had been three or four busy nights finishing up the work of the Senate, and I slept most of that Sunday."

Despite this, a museum exhibit opened in his honor, in which its owner claims it to be the country's smallest Presidential Library. Although it is not recognized as such by the U.S Government, it opened in February 2006 as the Atchison County Historical Museum in Atchison, Kansas.

Historians, constitutional scholars and biographers all dismiss the claim. They point out that Atchison's Senate term had ended on March 4 as well, and he also was not sworn in for another term, or re-elected President pro tempore, until March 5. Furthermore, the Constitution doesn't require the President-elect to take the oath of office to hold the office, just to execute the powers. As Atchison never swore the oath either, that did not make him Acting President. Most historians and scholars assert that as soon as the outgoing President's term expires, the President-elect automatically assumes the office. Some claim instead that the office is vacant until the taking of the oath. Snopes.com rates the claim "false" and concludes: "it's difficult to find one valid reason why David Rice Atchison should be considered to have served as President for a Day, but it's not hard to find several valid reasons why he shouldn't."

Atchison discussed the claim in a September 1872 issue of the Plattsburg Lever:

It was in this way: Polk went out of office on 3 March 1849, on Saturday at 12 noon.

(Polk's term as President actually expired on 4 March 1849, on Sunday at 12 noon)

The next day, the 4th, occurring on Sunday, General Taylor was not inaugurated. He was not inaugurated till Monday, the 5th, at 12 noon. It was then canvassed among Senators whether there was an interregnum, a time during which a country lacks a government. It was plain that there was either an interregnum or I was the President of the United States being chairman of the Senate, having succeeded Judge Mangum of North Carolina. The judge waked me up at 3 o'clock in the morning and said jocularly that as I was President of the United States he wanted me to appoint him as Secretary of State. I made no pretense to the office, but if I was entitled in it I had one boast to make, that not a woman or a child shed a tear on account of my removing any one from office during my incumbency of the place. A great many such questions are liable to arise under our form of government.

Atchison was 41 years and 6 months old at the alleged time of the One-Day Presidency, younger than any official President. Theodore Roosevelt, the youngest to serve, was 42 years and 11 months old when he was sworn in following the death of William McKinley in 1901, and John F. Kennedy, the youngest to be elected, was 43 years and 7 months old when he was inaugurated in 1961.





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 09, 2013, 09:55:52 pm
1852

Franklin Pierce NH Democratic

1820-1824 Bowdoin College Brunswick, ME

After briefly reading law with former New Hampshire Governor Levi Woodbury, a family friend, in Portsmouth, spent a semester at Northampton Law School in Northampton, Massachusetts, followed by a period of study in 1826 and 1827 under Judge Edmund Parker in Amherst, New Hampshire.

Late 1827 Admitted to NH bar and began to practice law in Hillsborough

Held rank of Brigadier General U.S. Army in Mexican-American War

Held a central position in NH Democratic Party

Member of Concord Leadership Group

1829-1833 NH Lower House General Court (NH House of Representatives)

1832-1833 Speaker NH Lower House General Court (NH House of Representatives)

Mar 4 1833-Mar 3 1837 U.S. House of Representatives NH

Mar 4 1837-Feb 28 1842 U.S. Senate NH

1845-1847 Appointed U.S. Attorney for District of NH

1850 President of State Constitutional Convention NH

1852 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1853-Mar 4 1857 14th President U.S.

1856 Candidate for Democratic re-nomination for President U.S., lost to James Buchanan

Pierce is the only standing President in history to have sought but not receive the nomination of his political party for a second term as President

Refused Democratic nomination for Governor NH

Declined appointment as U.S. Attorney General offered by James K Polk

1860 Declined to run for Democratic Presidential nomination

1864 Declined to run for Democratic Presidential nomination

First Lady of the United States Jane Pierce 1853-1857

She did not enjoy the role of First Lady.

For nearly two years, she remained in the upstairs living quarters of the White House. She left the social chores to her aunt Abby Kent-Means and her close friend Varina Davis, wife of War Secretary Jefferson Davis. Pierce made her first official appearance as First Lady at a New Year's Day reception in 1855 and thereafter served as White House hostess intermittently.

William R King NC, AL Democratic

1803 Graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

1806 Admitted to NC bar after reading the law with Judge William Duffy of Fayetteville, North Carolina, began to practice law in Clinton

1807-1809 NC House of Commons

1810 City Solicitor Wilmington NC

Mar 4 1811-Nov 4 1816 U.S. House of Representatives NC

Secretary to the delegation to William Pinkney at Naples, Italy and later at St. Petersburg, Russia

Delegate to convention which organized Alabama state government

Dec 14 1819-Apr 15 1844 U.S. Senate AL

Jul 1 1836-Mar 4 1841 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Apr 9 1844-Sep 15 1846 U.S. Minister to France

Jul 1 1848-Dec 20 1852 U.S. Senate AL

May 6 1850-Dec 20 1852 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Because of the vacancy in the Vice Presidential office, due to succession rules he was first in line of succession to U.S. Presidency

1852 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Franklin Pierce, elected

Mar 4 1853-Apr 18 1853 13th Vice President U.S. died in office of tuberculosis

By a special act of of Congress, King took the oath of office on Mar 24, 1853 in Cuba, twenty days after he became Vice President U.S. He had gone to John Chartrand's La Ariadne plantation in Matanzas because of ill health, and the unusual inauguration took place on foreign soil because it was believed that King, then known to be terminally ill with tuberculosis, would not live much longer.

Although he did not take the oath of office until 20 days after inauguration day, he was legally considered to be Vice President U.S. during those three weeks

Shortly afterward, King returned to his Chestnut Hill, NC plantation where he died within two days

King never came to Washington, D.C. or carried out any duties of the office during his term as Vice President U.S.

King was the only Vice President U.S. to have been sworn into office on foreign soil

Second Lady of the United States 1853

Vacant, William R King was unmarried.

Winfield Scott NJ Whig

Briefly attended the College of William and Mary, studied law in the office of a private attorney, and served as a Virginia militia cavalry corporal near Petersburg in 1807

Scott's long career in the United States Army began when he was commissioned as a Captain in the Light Artillery in May 1808, shortly before his 22nd birthday

Jul 5 1841-Jul 21 1861 Commanding General U.S. Army.  Held position longer than any other holder of this office.

Commanded forces

War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Blackhawk War
Second Seminole War

Brevet Major General

Lieutenant General, first person since George Washington to hold this rank

1848 Military Governor Mexico City after Mexican-American War

1852 Whig Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin Pierce

When the American Civil War began in the spring of 1861, Scott was 74 years old and suffering numerous health problems. He was also extremely overweight and unable to mount a horse or review troops.

As Scott could not lead an army into battle, he offered the command of the Federal army to Colonel Robert E. Lee on April 17, 1861.  However, Virginia left the Union on that same day. Lee, though disapproving of secession, was hesitant at the possibility of taking up arms against his home state and asked if he could keep out of the war. Scott replied "I have no place in my army for equivocal men." Lee then resigned and went south to join the Confederacy.

Although Scott was born and raised in Virginia, he remained loyal to the nation that he had served for most of his life and refused to resign his commission

The command of the Federal troops at Washington was given to Brigadier General Irwin McDowell

At this time, public opinion throughout the North called for an immediate campaign to crush the rebellion quickly. Scott considered this wrong-headed and probably impossible. Instead, he drew up a plan to defeat the Confederacy by blockading Southern ports and sending an army down the Mississippi Valley. Scott's scheme was derided as the "Anaconda Plan", intended to crush the Confederacy slowly. Eventually the actual Union victory followed its broad outlines.

William Alexander Graham NC Whig

Graduated from Pleasant Retreat Academy and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Studied law, admitted to the bar in 1825, and commenced practice in Hillsborough

1833-1840 NC House of Commons, serving twice as Speaker

Nov 25 1840-Mar 4 1843 U.S. Senate NC

Jan 1 1845-Jan 1 1849 Governor NC

1849 Declined appointment as U..S. Ambassador to Spain and Russia

Aug 2 1850-Jul 25 1852 Secretary of the Navy, under Millard Fillmore

1852 Whig Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Winfield Scott, lost

1854-1866 NC State Senate

Feb 18 1864-May 10 1865 Confederate States of America Senate NC

1866 Elected to U.S. Senate from NC but because NC had not yet been readmitted to the Union he did not present his credentials

1867-1875 Member Board of Trustees of Peabody Fund which provided financial assistance to Post Civil War South

1873-1875 Arbitrator in the boundary line dispute between Virginia and Maryland



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 10, 2013, 11:16:25 pm
1852 Continued

John P Hale NH Democratic, Free Soil, Oppositionist, Republican

Attended Phillips Exeter Academy and graduated in 1827 from Bowdoin College, where he was a prominent member of the Athenean Society, a literary society.

Began his law studies in Rochester with Jeremiah H. Woodman, and continued them with Daniel M. Christie in Dover, where, after passing the bar examination there in 1830, Hale lived and practiced law.

1832-1838 NH State House of Representatives, Democratic

Mar 4 1843-Mar 3 1845 U.S. House of Representatives NH, Democratic

1844 Recommended for House seat 1844 election but could not support Democratic policy favoring Texas annexation on anti-slavery grounds, ran as an Independent

Mar 4 1847-Mar 3 1853 U.S. Senate NH, Free Soil

1852 Free Soil candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin Pierce, Winfield Scott

Jul 30 1855-Mar 13 1865 U.S. Senate NH

       -1862 Chair of Republican Conference

Mar 10 1865-Jul 29 1869 U.S. Minister to Spain

George Washington Julian IN Whig, Free Soil, Republican

Began a short lived career as a school teacher

1839 Expressed his disinterest in teaching to a friend who suggested he practice law instead. Studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1840 and practiced out of Greenfield, Indiana.

1845 IN State House of Representatives, Whig

1848 Helped found Free Soil Party, delegate to convention Buffalo, NY

Mar 4 1849-Mar 3 1851 U.S. House of Representatives, Free Soil

1852 Free Soil candidate for Vice President U.S. with John P Hale, lost

1856 Delegate to Republican National Convention

Mar 4 1861-Mar 3 1871 U.S. House of Representatives, Republican

1872 Joined Liberal Republicans, supported Horace Greeley for President

1872 A National Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

May 1885-Sep 1889 Surveyor General New Mexico, appointed by Grover Cleveland

Daniel Webster Union Party candidate for President U.S. see 1836

Charles J Jenkins GA Union Party

Attended the University of Georgia in Athens at a young age, his exact dates of attendance are not known. Left the university before graduating and finished his education in 1824 at Union College in Schenectady, New York.

1831-1834 Attorney General GA

Author of Georgia Platform, a proclamation by a special state convention that endorsed the Compromise of 1850

1852 Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Daniel Webster, lost

During Civil War appointed as a Justice of Supreme Court of GA

Dec 14 1865-Jan 13 1868 Governor GA, during reconstruction

1872 A Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ulysses S. Grant

Jacob Broom PA Native American Party

=====
Son of Delaware congressman James Madison Broom and grandson of Delaware politician Jacob Broom
====

Studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1832 and started practicing law in Philadelphia

1840 Appointed Deputy Auditor PA

1848-1852 Clerk Philadelphia, PA Orphan's Court

1852 Native American Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin Pierce

Mar 4 1855-Mar 3 1857 U.S. House of Representatives PA, American Party

1856 Unsuccessful candidate for renomination U.S. House of Representatives

1858 Unsuccessful candidate for election U.S. House of Representatives

Reynell Coates NJ Native American Party

Physician, scientist, teacher, poet

At an early age, he became proficient in mathematics and languages, and studied medicine and surgery at Pennsylvania Hospital, where at age fifteen he became an apprentice of Dr. Benjamin Rush. He was graduated from the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1823.

1844 Author of National Address of Native American Party

1847 Originator of the patriotic order Sons of America

1852 Native American Party candidate for Vice President U.S. on ticket first with Daniel Webster then with Jacob Broom, lost

George Troup GA Democratic-Republican, States Rights (Southern Rights) Party

Born to plantation owners and supported slavery throughout his career

Graduated from the College of New Jersey, later Princeton University, in 1797. Read the law with an established firm and two years later was admitted to the bar in Savannah, Georgia.

1803-1805 GA State General Assembly

Mar 4 1807-Mar 3 1815 U.S. House of Representatives GA

Nov 13 1816-Sep 23 1818 U.S. Senate GA

1819 Candidate for Governor GA, lost

Nov 7 1823-Nov 7 1827 Governor GA

Nar 4 1829-Nov 8 1833 U.S. Senate GA, Jacksonian Democrat

1852 States Rights (Southern Rights) candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin Pierce

John A Quitman MS Whig, Democratic, States Rights (Southern Rights) Party

Studied Classics at Hartwick Seminary, graduating in 1816. Was an instructor at Mount Airy College, Pennsylvania, but decided to study law.

Admitted to the bar in 1820, and moved to Chillicothe, Ohio. The following year, he moved south to Natchez, Mississippi. He purchased Monmouth Plantation in 1826, and it would remain in his family for the next 100 years.

1826-1828 MS State House of Representatives

1826-1838 Grand Master MS Masons

1828 Chancellor MS

1832 Served on MS Constitutional Convention

1835 MS State Senate

1836 President MS State Senate

Dec 3 1835-Jan 7 1836 Acting Governor MS

1838 Became Judge on High Court of Errors and Appeal MS

1840-1845 Grand Master MS Masons

1846 Brigadier General of Volunteers Mexican-American War

1847 Major General Mexican-American War

1847 Appointed Military Governor Mexico City during occupation

1847 Original member Aztec Club

Jan 10 1850-Feb 3 1851 Governor MS

1852 States Rights (Southern Rights) candidate for Vice President U.S. with George Troup, lost

Mar 4 1855-Jul 17 1858 U.S. House of Representatives MS, Democratic


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 12, 2013, 01:22:55 pm
1856

James Buchanan PA Federalist, Democratic

Attended the village academy (Old Stone Academy) and later Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, graduating with honors, 1809. Later that year, he moved to Lancaster, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1812.

A dedicated Federalist, he initially opposed the War of 1812 because he believed it was an unnecessary conflict. When the British invaded neighboring Maryland, he joined a volunteer light dragoon unit as a Private and served in the defense of Baltimore. Buchanan is the only President with military experience who did not, at some point, serve as an officer.

1814-1816 PA State House of Representatives, Federalist

An active Freemason, he was the Master of Masonic Lodge No. 43 in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and a District Deputy Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania

Mar 4 1821-Mar 3 1831 U.S. House of Representatives PA

Jan 4 1832-Aug 5 1833 Minister to Russia

Dec 6 1834-Mar 5 1845 U.S. Senate PA

1845 Declined nomination by James K Polk for U.S. Supreme Court

Mar 10 1845-Mar 7 1849 U.S. Secretary of State, under James K Polk

1852-1866 President Board of Trustees Franklin & Marshall College Lancaster, PA

Aug 23 1853-Mar 15 1856 Minister to United Kingdom

1856 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1857-Mar 4 1861 15th President U.S.

The Civil War erupted within two months of Buchanan's retirement. He supported it.

Buchanan spent most of his remaining years defending himself from public blame for the Civil War, which was even referred to by some as "Buchanan's War". He began receiving angry and threatening letters daily, and stores displayed Buchanan's likeness with the eyes inked red, a noose drawn around his neck and the word "TRAITOR" written across his forehead. The Senate proposed a resolution of condemnation which failed, and newspapers accused him of colluding with the Confederacy. His former cabinet members, five of whom had been given jobs in the Lincoln administration, refused to defend Buchanan publicly.

Buchanan finally began defending himself in October 1862, in an exchange of letters between himself and Winfield Scott, the unsuccessful Presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852, that was published in the National Intelligencer newspaper

He soon began writing his fullest public defense, in the form of his memoir, Mr. Buchanan's Administration on the Eve of Rebellion, which was published in 1866

He is, to date, the only President from Pennsylvania and the only President to remain a lifelong bachelor. He was the last President born in the 18th century.

First Lady of the United States

Vacant.  James Buchanan was a life-long bachelor. His niece Harriet Lane acted as First Lady 1857-1861.

John C Breckinridge KY Democratic

=====
Grandson of John Breckenridge, Virginia House of Delegates 1781, 1783-1784, Attorney General Kentucky 1795-1797, Kentucky State House of Representatives 1798-1800, U.S. Senate Kentucky 1801-1805, U.S. Attorney General 1805-1806

Grandson of Samuel Stanhope Smith, who founded Hampden–Sydney College in 1775

Great grandson of John Witherspoon, a signer of the Declaration of Independence

Son of Joseph Breckenridge, Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives, Kentucky Secretary of State

Father of Clifton R Breckenridge, Alderman Pine Bluff, Arkansas City Council, U.S. House of Representatives Arkansas 1883-1894  
=====

After earning a Bachelor of Arts degree in September 1838, he spent the winter of 1838–1839 as a "resident graduate" at the College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Returning to Kentucky in mid 1839, he read law with Judge William Owsley. In November 1840, he enrolled in the second year of the law course at Transylvania University in Lexington, where his instructors included two members of the Kentucky Court of Appeals, George Robertson and Thomas A. Marshall. On Feb 25, 1841, he received a bachelor of laws degree and was licensed to practice law the next day.

1844 Campaigned for Democratic Presidential nominee James K Polk

1844 Declined to run for County Clerk for Scott County, KY

1845 Declined to run for U.S. House of Representatives

1847-1848, United States Army, rank of Major, served in Mexican-American War

1849 Delegate to KY State Constitutional Convention

1849-1851 KY State House of Representatives

1851 Declined to run for re-election to KY State House of Representatives

1851 Delegate to state Democratic Convention

Mar 4 1851-Mar 3 1855 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Refused to allow his name to stand for Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives

1856 Initially declined to let his name stand for Democratic Party Vice Presidential nomination at Democratic Convention

1856 Accepted Democratic Party nomination for Vice President U.S. when his nomination became inevitable, on the ticket with James Buchanan, elected

Mar 4 1857-Mar 4 1861 14th Vice President U.S. under James Buchanan

At age 36, became the youngest ever Vice President U.S.

1860 Southern Democratic candidate for President U.S., lost to Abraham Lincoln  
 
Mar 4 1861-Dec 4 1861 U.S. Senate KY

1861-1865 Confederate States Army, rank of Major General, served in American Civil War

Feb 6 1865-May 10 1865 Confederate States of America Secretary of War under Jefferson Davis

1868 on Refused all requests, including one from President Ulysses S Grant, to return to politics

Remains the only Senator of the United States convicted of treason against the United States of America by the U.S. Senate

The only Vice President U.S. ever to take up arms against the government of the United States

Second Lady of the United States Mary Breckenridge 1857-1861

John C Fremont CA Republican

1829 entered Charleston College. Continued at Charleston College, while teaching at intervals in the countryside. Was expelled from the college for irregular attendance in 1831. Did not graduate, but he had been grounded in mathematics and natural sciences.

After attending Charleston College 1829-1831, was appointed a teacher of mathematics aboard the sloop USS Natchez

July 1838 Appointed a Second Lieutenant in the Corps of Topographical Engineers, and assisted and led multiple surveying expeditions through the western territory of the U.S. and beyond. In 1838 and 1839 he assisted Joseph Nicollet in exploring the lands between the Mississippi and Missouri rivers. In 1841 with training from Nicollet, Frémont mapped portions of the Des Moines River.

1841 Married Jessie Benton, daughter of Senator Thomas Hart Benton from Missouri. Benton, Democratic Party leader for more than 30 years in the U.S. Senate, championed the expansionist movement, a political cause that became known as Manifest Destiny. The expansionists believed that the North American continent, from one end to the other, north and south, east and west, should belong to the citizens of the United States. They believed it was the nation's destiny to control the continent. This movement became a crusade for politicians such as Benton and his new son-in-law. Benton pushed appropriations through Congress for national surveys of the Oregon Trail, the Oregon Country, the Great Basin, and Sierra Nevada Mountains to California. Through his power and influence, Senator Benton obtained for Frémont the leadership of each expedition.

Jan 4 1847-Mar 1 1847 Military Governor CA

Sep 9 1850-Mar 3 1851 U.S. Senate CA

1856  Republican Party candidate for President U.S., first Republican Party candidate for President U.S., also nominated by North American Party, lost to James Buchanan

Initially Frémont was asked to be the Democratic candidate by former Virginia Governor John B. Floyd and the powerful Preston family. Frémont announced that he was for Free Soil Kansas and was against the enforcement of the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law. Republican leaders Nathaniel P. Banks, Henry Wilson, and John Bigelow were able to get Frémont to join their political party. The Republican campaign used the slogan "Free Soil, Free Men, and Frémont" to crusade for free farms (homesteads) and against the Slave Power.

May 1861-Nov 1861 Commanded U.S. Army's Department of the West

1861-1862 Served in Civil War with rank of Major General U.S. Army

1864 Radical Republican (Radical Democracy) Party candidate for President U.S., abandoned campaign Sep 1864 after he brokered a political deal in which President Lincoln removed Postmaster General Montgomery Blair from office

Oct 16 1878-Oct 11 1881 Territorial Governor AZ

Assisted in and led multiple surveying expeditions to Western Territory of U.S.

Held rank of Lieutenant Colonel of California Batallion




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 12, 2013, 04:59:24 pm
1856 Continued

William L Dayton NJ Whig, Republican

=====
A distant relation of  Jonathan Dayton, U.S. House of Representatives Speaker, U.S. Constitution signatory
=====

1825 Graduated from College of New Jersey, now Princeton University

Worked as a lawyer in Freehold, NJ

1837 NJ Legislative Council

1838 Associate Judge NJ Supreme Court

Following the death of U.S. Senator Samuel L Southard, was appointed to U.S. Senate NJ starting Jul 2, 1842 and was re-elected by the New Jersey Legislature as a Whig in 1845, but lost in 1851, ending his service on Mar 4

Jul 2 1842-Mar 4 1851 U.S. Senate NJ

1856 Selected by Republican Party as Republican Party nominee for Vice President U.S. over Abraham Lincoln.  Dayton became the first Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S.

1856 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John C Fremont, lost

1857-1861 Attorney General NJ

May 19 1861-Dec 1 1864 U.S. Minister to France, died in office

Nathaniel P Banks MA Democratic, North American Party, Republican, Liberal Republican

Schooling until age 14

Worked in a mill

Continued to improve his reading skills, and listened to prominent orators, such as Daniel Webster, to become proficient in public speaking  

1840 Asked by Democratic Party to speak at campaign events during 1840 elections

1844 Candidate for MA State House of Representatives, lost

1844 Worked for Collector of the Port of Boston

1847 Candidate for MA State House of Representatives, lost

1849-1852 MA State House of Representatives

1851-1852 Speaker MA State House of Representatives

1852 Sought Democratic nomination for a seat in U.S. House of Representatives MA. While it was at first granted, his refusal to disavow abolitionist positions meant party support was withdrawn.  Ended up winning a narrow victory with Free Soil support.

1853 Delegate to MA State Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1853-Dec 24 1857 U.S. House of Representatives MA

1854 Joined Know Nothing cause, renominated for US. House of Representatives MA by Democrats and Free Soil, won

1855 Chair of a new Republican Party convention

1856 Played a role in bringing forward John C Fremont as a moderate Republican Presidential nominee

1856 Nominated for President U.S. by North American Party. Withdrew as a candidate when John C Fremont won Republican nomination for President U.S. to support Fremont. North American Party supported Fremont.

Feb 2 1856-Mar 4 1857 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Jan 7 1858-Jan 3 1861 Governor MA, Republican

1860 Made a serious attempt to win Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Abraham Lincoln

1861 Resident Director in Chicago, IL of Illinois Central Railroad

1861 Considered by President Lincoln for a cabinet post

May 16 1861 Chosen by President Lincoln as one of the first Major Generals of Volunteers

1861-1865, Major General, Union Army, American Civil War  

Dec 4 1865-Mar 3 1873 U.S. House of Representatives MA, Republican

1872 Joined Liberal Republican revolt against President Grant in support of Horace Greeley

1872 Received 1 electoral vote for Vice President U.S.

1874 MA State Senate

Mar 4 1875-Mar 3 1879 U.S. House of Representatives MA, Independent

1878 Defeated in bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives MA

1879-1888 U.S. Marshall for MA, appointed by President Rutherford B Hayes

Mar 4 1889-Mar 3 1891 U.S. House of Representatives MA

William F Johnston PA Democratic, Whig, North American Party

A lawyer by training

1829 District Attorney Westmoreland County, PA

Elected PA State Legislature, Democratic

1847 Switched to Whig to run for PA State Senate

1848-1849 PA State Senate

1848 Elected Speaker PA State Senate

1848 Upon resignation of Governor Francis Shunk assumed position Governor PA

Jul 9 1848-Jan 20 1852 Governor PA.  Won election to position 1849, serving to 1852.
 
1851 Defeated for re-election Governor PA

1856 Chairman North American Party National Convention

1856 Nominated by North American Party for Vice President U.S. with Nathaniel P Banks. Johnston later withdrew when the North American Party and the Republican Party failed to find an acceptable accommodation between him and the Republican nominee for Vice President U.S., William L Dayton

Millard Fillmore NY American Party (Know Nothing) candidate for President U.S. See 1848

Andrew Jackson Donelson TN Democratic, American Party (Know Nothing)

=====
Brother of Daniel Smith Donelson, TN House of Representatives 1841-1843, TN House of Representatives 1855-1861, Speaker TN House of Representatives 1859-1861

Nephew of Andrew Jackson, U.S. House of Representatives TN 1796-1797, Military Governor FL 1821, U.S. Senate TN 1823-1825, President U.S. 1829-1837
=====

Attended Cumberland College in Nashville

Joined the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, graduating second in his class in 1820

1820-1821 U.S. Army spent as Aide-De-Camp to Major General Andrew Jackson

Donelson resigned his commission and studied law at Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky. A year later, he started practicing law in Nashville.

1824 Assisted in Andrew Jackson's Presidential campaign

1828 Assisted in Andrew Jackson's Presidential campaign

1829-1836 Donelson's wife Emily Donelson served as White House Hostess and unofficial First Lady of U.S. during Presidency of Andrew Jackson  
 
1829-1837 Private Secretary to President Andrew Jackson

Nov 29 1844-Aug 9 1845 Charge D' Affaires of U.S. Mission to Republic of Texas

Jul 18 1846-Nov 2 1849 Minister to Prussia

Sep 1848-Nov 1849 During the time of the Frankfurt Parliament, U.S. Envoy to short lived Revolutionary Government of Germany in Frankfurt

1856 American Party (Know Nothing) candidate for Vice President U.S. with Millard Fillmore, lost

1858 Participated primarily in TN local politics

1860 Delegate to Constitutional Union Party's nominating convention which nominated John Bell for President U.S. and Edward Everett for Vice President U.S.

A group of North American delegates called the North American Seceders withdrew from the convention and met separately. They objected to the attempt to work with the Republican Party. The Seceders held their own national convention on Jun 16-Jun 17 1856. 19 delegates unanimously nominated Robert F Stockton for President and Kenneth Rayner for Vice President. The Seceders' ticket later withdrew from the contest.

Robert F Stockton NJ Democratic, North American Party, North American Seceders (withdrew from North American Party)

=====
His father Richard Stockton was a U.S. Senator and Representative, and his grandfather, Judge Richard Stockton was Attorney General for New Jersey and a signer of the Declaration of Independence.  His son, John P Stockton, served as a U.S. Senator from New Jersey.  
=====

1811-late 1820's, 1838-1850 United States Navy, serving in War of 1812, Mexican-American War, ranks of midshipman, Lieutenant, Captain, Commodore

1841 Offered post of U.S. Secretary of the Navy by President John Tyler, declined offer

1844 Sent by President James K Polk to Texas with Polk's offer to annex Texas

Jul 16 1846-Jan 16 1847 Military Governor California

Mar 4 1851-Jan 10 1853 U.S. Senate NJ, Democratic

1853-1866 President Delaware and Raritan Canal Company

1856 North American Seceders candidate for President U.S., ticket withdrew from election

1861 Appointed as a delegate to the unsuccessful Peace Conference of 1861 that attempted to settle the secession crisis

1863 Appointed to command NJ militia when the Confederate Army invaded Pennsylvania

Kenneth Rayner NC Whig, North American Party, North American Seceders (withdrew from North American Party)

Attended Tarborough Academy, then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1829. Moved to Hertford County, where he practiced law.

1835 Delegate to NC State Constitutional Convention

1835-1838 NC House of Commons (NC House of Representatives)

Mar 4 1839-Mar 3 1845 U.S. House of Representatives NC

1845-1851 NC House of Commons (NC House of Representatives)

In 1848 Rayner sought an honor, which had he achieved it, would have made him President of the United States. His close personal friend, Zachary Taylor, was seeking the Whig nomination for the Presidency, and it was Rayner's desire to join him on the ticket as candidate for the Vice Presidency. Rayner's opponent for the Vice Presidential nomination was Millard Fillmore. The two men were close friends and agreed to submit their pretensions to a caucus of party leaders to choose between them. There Rayner lost to Fillmore by one vote. Taylor and Fillmore went on to victory. After but a year in office, Taylor died, and it is reported that Rayner was among those attending the inauguration of President Millard Fillmore on Wednesday, 10 July 1850, at noon in the hall of the House of Representatives.

1854-1855 NC State Senate

1856 North American Seceders candidate for Vice President U.S. with Robert F Stockton, ticket withdrew from election

1871 One of the Court Commissioners to settle Alabama claims, appointed by President Ulysses S Grant

1877-1884 Solicitor U.S. Treasury

Gerrit Smith NY National Liberty Party candidate for President U.S. See 1848


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 13, 2013, 09:24:21 pm
1860

Abraham Lincoln IL Whig 1834-1854, Republican 1854-1864, National Union Party 1864-1865

=====
Father of Robert Todd Lincoln, U.S. Secretary of War 1881-1885 under Presidents James Garfield and Chester A. Arthur, U.S. Ambassador to United Kingdom 1889-1893 under President Benjamin Harrison
=====  

Apr 21 1832-Jul 10 1832 Captain in Illinois Militia during Blackhawk War

Lincoln decided to become a lawyer and began teaching himself law by reading Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England and other law books

1832 Candidate for IL State House of Representatives, lost

May 7 1833-May 30 1836 Postmaster New Salem, IL, served until the office was closed

Jan 1834-Sep 1835 New Salem, IL County Surveyor

1834-1842 IL State House of Representatives

1836 Admitted to Illinois bar, moved to Springfield, IL and began to practice law

1846 If elected, pledged to serve only one term in U.S. House of Representatives

Mar 4 1847-Mar 3 1849 U.S. House of Representatives IL

1848 Supported Zachary Taylor for President, who won

Lincoln hoped to be appointed Commissioner of the General Land Office but was passed over

Offered post as Secretary or Governor of Oregon Territory, declined it

1854 Whig Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, defeated
 
Late 1854, ran as a Whig for U.S. Senate seat from IL. At that time, Senators were elected by the state legislature. After leading in the first six rounds of voting in the IL Assembly, his support began to dwindle, and Lincoln instructed his backers to vote for Lyman Trumbull, who defeated opponent Joel Aldrich Matteson. The Whigs had been irreparably split by the Kansas–Nebraska Act.

Drawing on remnants of the old Whig Party, and on disenchanted Free Soil, Liberty, and Democratic Party members, Lincoln was instrumental in forging the shape of the new Republican Party

At the 1856 Republican National Convention, which nominated John C Fremont for President U.S., Lincoln placed second in the contest to become the party's candidate for Vice President U.S., losing to William L Dayton

1858 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, lost to Stephen A Douglas

1860 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1864 National Union Party candidate for President U.S., reelected

To sound a theme of unity, Lincoln in 1864 ran under the banner of the National Union Party, rather than the Republican Party. At the party's convention in Baltimore in June, Lincoln was easily nominated, although there had been some talk of replacing him with a Cabinet officer or one of the more successful Generals. After the convention backed Lincoln, former Secretary of War Simon Cameron offered a resolution to nominate Vice President Hannibal Hamlin, which was defeated.  

Mar 4 1861-Apr 15 1865 16th President U.S., assassinated

Mar 4 1861-Mar 4 1865 Republican Party
Mar 4 1865-Apr 15 1865 National Union Party

Shot by John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate sympathizer, at Ford's Theatre in Washington DC on Apr 14 1865, died Apr 15 1865

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates were a series of seven debates held during the 1858 United States Senate election for Illinois between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican Party candidate and incumbent Senator Stephen Douglas, the Democratic Party candidate. Historians have traditionally regarded the series of  debates as among the most significant statements in American political history.  

The Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation was a Presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. In a single stroke it changed the legal status, as recognized by the United States federal government, of three million slaves in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free." Eventually it reached and liberated all of the designated slaves.

The Gettysburg Address

The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, one of the best-known in American history. It was delivered by Lincoln during the American Civil War, on the afternoon of Thursday, November 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers' National Cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, four and a half months after the Union armies defeated those of the Confederacy at the Battle of Gettysburg. Abraham Lincoln's carefully crafted address, secondary to other presentations that day, was one of the greatest and most influential statements of national purpose.

One of four Presidents whose likeness appears on Mount Rushmore, along with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln 1861-1865

Was sent to Madame Mantelle's finishing school, where the curriculum concentrated on French and literature. She learned to speak French fluently and studied dance, drama, music, and social graces. By age 20, she was regarded as witty and gregarious, with a grasp of politics.

Was popular among the gentry of Springfield, and interestingly, though she was courted by the rising young lawyer and Democratic Party politician Stephen A. Douglas, arch rival of Abraham Lincoln, and others, she chose Abraham Lincoln, a fellow Whig.

Hannibal Hamlin ME Anti-Slavery Wing of Democratic Party until 1856, Republican 1856-1891

=====
Father of Charles Hamlin City Solicitor Bangor, ME 1867,  ME State House of Representatives 1883–1887, Speaker ME State House of Representatives 1885-1887

Father of Cyrus Hamlin, who served as an aide-de-camp to Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont during Civil War.  Attained rank of Brigadier General during Civil War, and was awarded  honorary grade of Brevet Major General, U.S. Volunteers, nominated by President Andrew Johnson to rank from March 13, 1865, with U.S. Senate confirming the award April 26, 1866.

Father of Hannibal Emery Hamlin Attorney General ME 1905-1908

Great nephew of Samuel Livermore, member NH General Court (the state's General Assembly) 1768-1769, Judge-Advocate in Admiralty court and Attorney General NH 1769-1774, Holderness State Attorney 1775-1778, Member Continental Congress 1780-1782 and 1785-1786, Chief Justice NH Superior Court of Judicature 1782-1789, Member State Constitutional Convention 1788, U.S. House of Representatives NH 1789-1793, President State Constitutional Convention 1791, U.S. Senate NH 1793-1801, President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate 1796 and 1799

Grandson of Stephen Emery, Attorney General ME 1839–1840

Descendant in the sixth generation of English colonist James Hamlin, who had settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639
=====

Attended Hebron Academy

Studied law and was admitted to bar in 1833. Began practicing in Hampden, a suburb of Bangor, where he lived until 1848.

1836-1841 ME State House of Representatives

1837 Speaker ME State House of Representatives

1839 Speaker ME State House of Representatives

1839 Served in Aroostook War

1840 Speaker ME State House of Representatives

1840 Democratic candidate for U.S. House of Representatives ME, defeated

Mar 4 1843-Mar 3 1847 U.S. House of Representatives ME

1847 Maine State House of Representatives

Jun 8 1848-Jan 7 1857 U.S. Senate ME

Jan 8 1857-Feb 25 1857 Governor ME

Mar 4 1857-Jan 17 1861 U.S. Senate ME

1860 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Abraham Lincoln, won

Although Hamlin was the Republican Vice Presidential candidate under Abraham Lincoln, he did not meet Lincoln until after the election

Mar 4 1861-Mar 4 1865 15th Vice President U.S., Republican, under Abraham Lincoln

Beginning in 1860, a member of Company A of the Maine Coast Guard, a militia unit. When the company was called up in the summer of 1864, Hamlin was told that because of his position as Vice President U.S., he did not have to take part in the muster. He opted to serve, arguing that he could set an example by doing the duty expected of any citizen, and the only concession made because of his office was that he was quartered with the officers. He reported to Fort McClary in July, initially taking part in routine assignments including guard duty, and later taking over as the company cook. He was promoted to Corporal during his service, and mustered out with the rest of his unit in mid-September 1864.

In June 1864, the Republicans and War Democrats joined to form the National Union Party. Although Lincoln was renominated, War Democrat Andrew Johnson of Tennessee was named to replace Hamlin as Lincoln's running mate for Vice President U.S. Lincoln was seeking to broaden his base of support and was also looking ahead to Southern Reconstruction, at which Johnson had proven himself adept as military Governor of occupied Tennessee. Hamlin, by contrast, was an ally of Northern radicals, who would later impeach Johnson. Lincoln and Johnson were elected in November 1864, and Hamlin's term expired on March 4, 1865.

1864 Helped with Lincoln’s successful Presidential reelection campaign

1865 Appointed by President Andrew Johnson as Collector for the port of Boston, resigned 1866

Hamlin served only briefly as Collector of the port of Boston, resigning in protest over Johnson's Reconstruction policy

1868 Against his wishes, Hamlin's name was put forward as a Vice Presidential candidate on the Republican ticket headed by Ulysses S Grant, but the nomination went to House Speaker Schuyler Colfax

Mar 4 1869-Mar 3 1881 U.S. Senate ME, Republican

Jun 30 1881-Oct 17 1882 U.S. Envoy Extraordinary & Minister Plenipotentiary (Ambassador) to Spain. Secretary of State James G. Blaine, also from Maine, convinced President James A. Garfield to name Hamlin to the position.

Although Hamlin narrowly missed becoming President, his Vice Presidency would usher in a half-century of sustained national influence for the Maine Republican Party. In the period 1861–1911, Maine Republicans occupied the offices of Vice President, Secretary of the Treasury, twice, Secretary of State, President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, twice, and would field a national Presidential candidate in James G. Blaine, a level of influence in national politics unmatched by subsequent Maine political delegations.

For 16 years was a regent of the Smithsonian Institution and for 20 years was dean of the Board of Regents for Waterville College, now Colby College

Second Lady of the United States Ellen Hamlin 1861-1865



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 14, 2013, 11:58:03 am
1860 Continued

John C Breckinridge KY Southern Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1856

Joseph Lane IN Democratic, Southern Democratic

Was largely self-educated, learning about the world from books which he read at night

Was an eloquent public speaker

Captain of local militia

Colonel, Brigadier General, Major General Mexican-American War serving under Zachary Taylor

1822-1823 IN State House of Representatives

1830-1833 IN State House of Representatives

1838-1839 IN State House of Representatives

1839-1840 IN State Senate

1844-1846 IN State Senate

Mar 3 1848-Jun 18 1850 Governor Oregon Territory

Mar 4 1851-Feb 14 1859 Delegate to U.S. House of Representatives from Oregon Territory

May 1853 for 3 days Acting Territorial Governor Oregon Territory

Feb 14 1859-Mar 4 1861 U.S. Senate Oregon

1860 Southern Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with John C Breckenridge, lost

John Bell TN Democratic-Republican, Democratic, National Republican, Whig, American, Constitutional Union  

Graduated from Cumberland College, later renamed the University of Nashville, in 1814 and studied law

Admitted to the bar in 1816 and established a prosperous practice in Franklin

1817-1819 TN State Senate

Mar 4 1827-Mar 4 1841 U.S. House of Representatives TN

1831 Recommended to President Andrew Jackson for U.S. Secretary of War, passed over

Jun 2 1834-Mar 4 1835 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Mar 5 1841-Sep 13 1841 U.S. Secretary of War under William Henry Harrison, John Tyler

1847 TN State House of Representatives.  Declined House Speakership.

Nov 22 1847-Mar 4 1859 U.S. Senate TN

1860 Constitutional Union candidate for President U.S., lost to Abraham Lincoln, John C Breckenridge

Apr 1861 Abandoned the Union cause and supported the Confederacy

Edward Everett MA Whig, Constitutional Union

Attended local schools, and then a private school of Ezekiel Webster. During this time Ezekiel's brother Daniel sometimes taught classes; Everett and Daniel Webster would later form a close friendship.

Attended Boston Latin School in 1805, and then briefly Phillips Exeter Academy, where his older brother Alexander Hill Everett was teaching. At the age of 13, he was admitted to Harvard College. In 1811, at age 17, he graduated as the valedictorian of his class. Unlike some of the other students at the time, Everett was an earnest and diligent student who absorbed all of what was taught.

In late 1814 was offered a newly endowed position as professor of Greek literature at Harvard. The position came with authorization to travel for two years in Europe, and Everett readily accepted. He was formally invested as a professor in April 1815.

While traveling in Germany, granted a Ph. D in September 1817 from the University in Gottingen, Germany, which he believed to be the first such degree awarded to an American.

1819-1822 Teacher, writer, speaker

Mar 4 1825-Mar 3 1835 U.S. House of Representatives MA Whig

Jan 13 1836-Jan 18 1840 Governor MA Whig

Dec 16 1841-Aug 8 1845 Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary (Ambassador) to Great Britain

1846-1849 President Harvard University

1849-1852 Assisted U.S. Secretary of State Daniel Webster

Nov 6 1852-Mar 4 1853 U.S. Secretary of State under Millard Fillmore

Mar 4 1853-Jun 1 1854 U.S. Senate MA

1860 Constitutional Union candidate Vice President U.S. with John Bell, lost

1864 Campaigned extensively for Presidential campaign of Abraham Lincoln

Stephen A Douglas IL Democratic, National (Northern) Democratic

=====
Interestingly, Douglas briefly courted Mary Todd, who married Abraham Lincoln instead

Father of Robert M Douglas,  After Civil War turned from the Democratic Party. Became a leading Republican and active in Reconstruction era governments. 1868 served as private secretary to Governor of North Carolina. 1869-1873, private secretary to President Ulysses S. Grant. For the next decade, United States Marshal for North Carolina. 1888-1896 Master in Chancery to the United States Circuit Court. 1896-1904 North Carolina Supreme Court.

Douglas's second wife, Adele Cutts, was the daughter of James Madison Cutts of Washington, D.C., nephew of President James Madison, and Ellen O'Neal, sister of Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a renowned Confederate spy during the Civil War. Her great-aunt was the former U.S. First Lady Dolley Madison.
=====

Migrated to Winchester, Illinois in 1833, where he served as an itinerant teacher and opened a school for three months

Also studied law, and settled in Jacksonville, Illinois

1834-1836 State's Attorney Morgan County IL

1836-1838 IL State House of Representatives

1838-1840 Registrar Springfield IL Land Office

1840-1841 IL Secretary of State

1841-1842 Associate Justice IL Supreme Court

Mar 4 1843-Mar 3 1847 U.S. House of Representatives IL

Mar 4 1847-Jun 3 1861 U.S. Senate IL

1852 Competed for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to Franklin Pierce

1856 Competed for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to James Buchanan

1858 U.S. Senate election IL, Douglas defeated Abraham Lincoln

1860 National (Northern) Democratic candidate for President U.S., lost to Abraham Lincoln, John C Breckenridge, John Bell

1861 At request of President Abraham Lincoln Douglas undertook a mission to the border states and the midwest to rouse the spirit of unionism

The Lincoln-Douglas Debates

Historians have traditionally regarded the series of seven debates between Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois state election campaign as among the most significant statements in American political history. The issues they discussed were not only of critical importance to the sectional conflict over slavery and states’ rights but also touched deeper questions that would continue to influence political discourse.

Herschel Johnson GA Democratic, National (Northern) Democratic

1834 Graduated from the University of Georgia and passed bar examination. Moved to Jefferson County in 1839 and began to practice law in Louisville, GA. 1844 moved to the state capitol, Milledgville, and continued to practice law.

1843 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives GA, lost

1847 Candidate for Governor GA, lost

Feb 4 1848-Mar 3 1849 U.S. Senate GA

1849-1853 GA Circuit Court Judge

Nov 9 1853-Nov 6 1857 Governor GA

1860 National (Northern) Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with Stephen A Douglas, lost

1861 Delegate to GA State Secession Convention

Jan 19 1863-May 10 1865 Confederate States of America Senate GA

1865-1866 A leader in reconstruction and named head of GA Constitutional Convention

1866 After GA's readmission to Union chosen as a U.S. Senator from GA but was disallowed from serving due to his involvement with the rebellion

1873-1880 GA Circuit Court Judge

Gerrit Smith NY Liberty (Union) Party candidate for President U.S. See 1848

Samuel McFarland IA Liberty (Union) Party

1856-1857 Speaker IA State House of Representatives

1860 Liberty (Union) Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gerrit Smith, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 14, 2013, 04:29:32 pm
1860 Continued

Sam Houston TX Democratic-Republican before 1829, Democratic 1848-1854, Unionist 1854-1860, People's Party 1860, Constitutional Union Party 1860-1861

1813-1818 United states Army First Lieutenant

1835-1836 Texan Army Major General

Creek War, War of 1812, Texas Revolutionary War

Mar 4 1823-Mar 4 1827 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Oct 21 1827-Apr 16 1829 Governor TN

Oct 22 1836-Dec 18 1838 President of Republic of TX

1839-1841 Representative in Republic of TX House of Representatives

Dec 21 1841-Dec 9 1844 President of Republic of TX

Dec 18 1847-Mar 4 1859 U.S. Senate TX

Dec 21 1859-Mar 16 1861 Governor TX

Was the only individual to have served as Governor of two different states

Apr 20 1860 Nominated as People's Party candidate for President U.S. No Vice Presidential candidate was nominated by People's Party.

 Aug 16 1860 Withdrew candidacy as People's Party candidate for President U.S.

 Confederate States of America

Jefferson Davis MS Democratic

Attended United States Military Academy, West Point, starting in late 1824. In June 1828, he graduated 23rd in a class of 33.

Following graduation, Second Lieutenant Davis was assigned to the 1st Infantry Regiment and was stationed at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin Territory. Zachary Taylor, a future President of the United States, had recently assumed command before Davis arrived in early 1829.

1846-1847 Colonel in Mexican-American War.  Clashed with commanding General Winfield Scott

May 17 1847 President James K Polk offered Davis a federal commission as a Brigadier General
and command of a brigade of militia, declined by Davis

1840 Attended Democratic meeting in Vicksburg, MS, chosen as a delegate to Democratic State Convention Jackson, MS

1842 Attended Democratic convention

1843 Candidate MS State House of Representatives, lost

1844 Delegate to Democratic State Convention.  Chosen as one of 6 Presidential Electors for 1844 Presidential election.

Campaigned for Democratic Presidential candidate James K Polk

Dec 8 1845-Jun 1 1846 U.S. House of Representatives MS

Aug 10 1847-Sep 23 1851 U.S. Senate MS

Mar 7 1853-Mar 4 1857 U.S. Secretary of War under Franklin Pierce

Mar 4 1857-Jan 21 1861 U.S. Senate MS

Jan 23 1861 Appointed Major General of the Army of MS

Feb 9 1861 Constitutional Convention Montgomery, AL, named President of provisional government Confederate States of America

Feb 18 1861-Feb 22 1862 Provisional President Confederate States of America

Nov 6 1861 Elected President Confederate States of America

Feb 22 1862 Inaugurated President Confederate States of America

Feb 22 1862-May 10 1865 President Confederate States of America

May 19 1865-May 13 1867 Davis was imprisoned. After two years of imprisonment, was released on bail of $100,000, which was posted by prominent citizens including Horace Greeley, Cornelius Vanderbilt and Gerrit Smith. Davis remained under indictment until he was released from all liability by the Presidential amnesty issued by President Andrew Johnson on December 25, 1868.

1869 Became president of the Carolina Life Insurance Company in Memphis, TN

1870 Upon General Robert E Lee's death Davis presided over the memorial meeting in Richmond, VA

Elected to the United States Senate for MS again, he was refused the office in 1875, having been barred from Federal office by Section Three of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Turned down the opportunity to become the first president of the Agriculture and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M University)

During Reconstruction, publicly remained silent on his opinions, but privately expressed opinions that federal military rule and Republican authority over former Confederate states was unjustified

1876 Promoted a society for the stimulation of US trade with South America

1877 Visited England
 
1881 Completed his book The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government

Davis' reputation among ex-Confederates was restored by the book and by his warm reception on his tour of the region in 1886 and 1887

1889 Completed A Short History of the Confederate States of America

First Lady of the Confederate States Varina Davis 1862-1865

Her grandfather, Richard Howell, served several terms as Governor of New Jersey.

Her grandfather died when her father, William Howell, was a boy. William inherited little money and used family connections to become a clerk in the Bank of the United States.

Was sent to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for her education, where she studied at Madame Deborah Grelaud's French School, a prestigious academy for young ladies.

Alexander Stephens GA Whig before 1851, 1853-1855, Constitutional Union 1851-1853, Democratic 1855-1883

Attended Franklin College, later University of Georgia, in Athens, from where he graduated at the top of his class in 1832

After several years teaching school, he took up legal studies, passed the bar in 1834, and began a successful 32 year career as a lawyer in Crawfordville

1837-1841 GA State House of Representatives

1843 GA State Senate

Oct 2 1843-Mar 4 1859 U.S. House of Representatives GA

1858 Did not seek reelection to U.S. House of Representatives GA

1860 Presidential Elector for Northern Democratic Presidential candidate Stephen Douglas

1861 Elected as a delegate to GA  Secession Convention to decide on secession from U.S. to decide Georgia's response to the election of Abraham Lincoln. During the convention, as well as during the 1860 Presidential campaign, Stephens, who came to be known as the sage of Liberty Hall, called for the South to remain loyal to the Union, likening it to a leaking but fixable boat.

1861 Elected to Confederate Congress

Feb 11 1861 Chosen by Confederate Congress as Vice President of provisional government Confederate States of America and took provisional oath of office

Feb 11 1861-Feb 22 1862 Provisional Vice President Confederate States of America

Nov 6 1861 Elected Vice President Confederate States of America

Feb 22 1862 Inaugurated Vice President Confederate States of America

Feb 22 1862-May 11 1865 Vice President Confederate States of America

Feb 3 1865 One of three Confederate commissioners to meet with President Abraham Lincoln at Hampton Road Conference to discuss terms for ending the Civil War

1866 Elected U.S. Senate GA but was not allowed to take his seat because of restrictions on former Confederates

Dec 1 1873-Nov 4 1882 U.S. House of Representatives GA

Nov 4 1882-Mar 4 1883 Governor GA, died in office

Second Lady of the Confederate States 1862-1865

Vacant, Stephens was unmarried.  
 


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 14, 2013, 09:41:04 pm
1864

Abraham Lincoln IL National Union Party candidate for President U.S.  See 1860

Andrew Johnson TN Democratic 1839-1864, National Union Party 1864-1868, Democratic 1868-1875

1824 Settled in Greenville TN

1827 at age 18, Johnson married 16-year-old Eliza McCardle, the daughter of a local shoemaker. The pair were married by Justice of the Peace Mordecai Lincoln, first cousin of Thomas Lincoln, whose son would become President Abraham Lincoln

Johnson's wife taught him mathematics skills and tutored him to improve his writing

Johnson's tailoring business prospered during the early years of the marriage, enabling him to hire help and giving him the funds to invest profitably in real estate

He was a voracious reader. Books about famous orators aroused his interest in political dialogue, and he had private debates with customers with opposing views on issues of the day. He also took part in debates at Greeneville College.

During his Greeneville days, Johnson joined the Tennessee Militia as a member of the 90th Regiment. He attained the rank of Colonel, though while an enrolled member, Johnson was fined for an unknown offense. Afterwards, he was often addressed or referred to by his rank.

1828 Helped organize Mechanic's (Working Men's) ticket Greenville TN municipal election

1828-1830 Town Alderman Greenville, TN

Elected along with his friend Mordecai Lincoln, first cousin of Thomas Lincoln, father of Abraham Lincoln

1830-1833 Mayor Greenville, TN (elected by fellow Aldermen)

1831 Campaigned for successful adoption of new TN state constitution

1835-1837 TN State House of Representatives

This was the election to the "floater" seat which Greene County shared with neighboring Washington County in the TN House of Representatives

1837 Defeated in bid for re-election to TN State House of Representatives

1839-1841 TN State House of Representatives.  

In this election, he sought to regain his seat, initially as a Whig, but when another candidate sought the Whig nomination, he ran as a Democrat and was elected. From that time he supported the Democratic party and built a powerful political machine in Greene County.  

1840 Selected as a Democratic Presidential Elector TN

1841-1842 TN State Senate

Mar 4 1843-Mar 3 1853 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Oct 17 1853-Nov 3 1857-Governor TN

Oct 8 1857-Mar 4 1862 U.S. Senate TN

1860 TN delegation Democratic National Convention nominated Johnson for President. Johnson tentatively offered himself as Vice Presidential U.S. candidate on Stephen A Douglas ticket but withdrew from the race entirely.

Mar 12 1862-Mar 4 1865 Military Governor TN during Civil War, and given rank of Brigadier General in Union Army

1860, Lincoln's running mate had been Maine Senator Hannibal Hamlin. Vice President Hamlin had served competently, was in good health, and was willing to run. Nevertheless, Johnson emerged as running mate for Lincoln's re-election bid in 1864.

Lincoln considered several War Democrats for the ticket in 1864, and sent an agent to sound out General Benjamin Butler as a possible running mate. In May 1864, the President dispatched General Daniel Sickles to Nashville on a fact-finding mission. Although Sickles denied he was there either to investigate or interview the Military Governor, Johnson biographer Hans L. Trefousse believes Sickles's trip was connected to Johnson's subsequent nomination for Vice President. According to historian Albert Castel in his account of Johnson's Presidency, Lincoln was impressed by Johnson's administration of Tennessee. Gordon-Reed points out that while the Lincoln-Hamlin ticket might have been considered geographically balanced in 1860, "having Johnson, the southern War Democrat, on the ticket sent the right message about the folly of secession and the continuing capacity for union within the country." Johnson, once he was told by reporters the likely purpose of Sickles' visit, was active on his own behalf, giving speeches and having his political friends work behind the scenes to boost his candidacy.

At the Republican convention in 1864, Johnson was nominated for Vice President U.S. on the second ballot. Lincoln expressed pleasure at the result.  When word reached Nashville, a crowd assembled and the Military Governor obliged with a speech contending his selection as a Southerner meant that the rebel states had not actually left the Union.

1864 National Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Abraham Lincoln, won

Mar 4 1865-Apr 15 1865 16th Vice President U.S. with Abraham Lincoln

Apr 15 1865-Mar 4 1869 17th President U.S.
 
Became President U.S. upon the assassination of Abraham Lincoln

Feb 24 1868 Impeached by U.S. House of Representatives, 128 in favor of impeachment, 47 opposing impeachment

May 26 1868 Aquitted by U.S. Senate, 35 voting guilty, 19 voting not guilty, falling short by a single vote of the two-thirds majority required for conviction under the Constitution  

Johnson favored quick restoration of the seceded states to the Union. His plans did not give protection to the former slaves, and he came into conflict with the Republican dominated Congress, culminating in his impeachment by the House of Representatives. The first American President to be impeached, he was acquitted in the Senate by one vote.

1869 Defeated in election for U.S. Senate TN

1872 Defeated in election for U.S. House of Representatives TN

Mar 4 1875-Jul 31 1875 U.S. Senate TN, died in office

Second Lady of the United States Eliza Johnson 1865

First Lady of the United States Eliza Johnson 1865-1869

At age 16, Eliza Johnson married at a younger age than any other First Lady.

Mordecai Lincoln, a distant relative of Abraham Lincoln, performed the marriage ceremony.

She was better educated than Johnson, who by this time had barely taught himself to read and spell a little. Johnson credited his wife for teaching him to do arithmetic and to write, as he had never attended school. She tutored him patiently, and often read aloud to him.

George B McClellan NJ Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

First attended the University of Pennsylvania in 1840 at age 13, resigning himself to the study of law. After two years, he changed his goal to military service. With the assistance of his father's letter to President John Tyler, young George was accepted at the United States Military Academy in 1842, the academy having waived its normal minimum age of 16.

Graduated in 1846, second in his class of 59 cadets, losing the top position to Charles Seaforth Stewart, only because of poor drawing skills. He was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

1846-1857 United States Army

Became Major General in United States Army

1846-1847 Served during Mexican-American War

1854 Secret reconnaissance mission to Santo Domingo

1855 Official observer of European armies in Crimean War

1857 Chief Engineer and Vice President Illinois Central Railroad

1850 President Ohio and Mississippi Railroad

1860 Actively supported Democratic Presidential candidate Stephen Douglas in Presidential election

Nov 1 1861-Mar 11 1862 General-In-Chief of all Union armies, removed from command by President Abraham Lincoln

1861-1864 Served in Union Army during  American Civil War

Performed reconnaissance for Lieutenant General Winfield Scott

1864 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Abraham Lincoln

1870 Chief Engineer New York City, NY Department of Docks

1872 President Atlantic and Great Western Railroad

1877 Nominated for First Superintendent of Public Works for New York, rejected by New York State Senate

Jan 15 1878-Jan 18 1881 Governor NJ

1884 Strongly supported Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland for President

Sought position of Secretary of War in cabinet of President Grover Cleveland, nomination blocked

George H Pendelton OH Democratic

=====
Married to Alice Key, who was the daughter of Francis Scott Key, American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, who wrote the lyrics to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner"
=====

Attended Cincinnati College and the University of Heidelberg in Germany

Studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1847 and commenced practice in Cincinnati

1854-1856 OH State Senate

1854 Defeated for election to U.S. House of Representatives OH

Mar 4 1857-Mar 4 1865 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1864 Defeated for re-election to U.S. House of Representatives OH

1864 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with George B McClellan, lost

1866 Defeated for election to U.S. House of Representatives OH

1869 Defeated for election for Governor OH by Rutherford B Hayes

1869-1879 President Kentucky Central Railroad

Mar 4 1879-Mar 4 1885 U.S. Senate OH

1884 Lost renomination for U.S. Senate OH

Mar 4 1881-Mar 4 1885 Chairman Senate Democratic Caucus

Jun 21 1885-Apr 25 1889 U.S. Ambassador to Germany

John C Fremont CA Radical Republican (Radical Democracy) candidate for President U.S. See 1856

John Cochrane NY Democratic, Republican, Radical Republican (Radical Democracy)  Liberal Republican, Democratic

Studied first at Union College, but then graduated from Hamilton College in 1831. While attending Union College, he became a member of the Sigma Phi Society.

Studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1834, and practiced in Oswego and Schenectady, and then moved to New York City

1852 campaigned for Democratic Presidential candidate Franklin Pierce. Pierce elected.

1853 Appointed Surveyor of Port of NY, appointed by President Franklin Pierce

Mar 4 1857-Mar 4 1861 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1861-1863, Union Army, reaching rank of Brigadier General, served in American Civil War

1864-1865 New York State Attorney General

1864 Radical Republican (Radical Democracy) candidate for Vice President U.S. with John C Fremont. Campaign abandoned by Fremont and Cochrane Sep 1864.

1868 Delegate to Republican National Convention

1872 Delegate to Liberal Republican Convention

As leader of the New York delegation to the Liberal Republican Convention at Cincinnati in 1872, he was instrumental in securing the nomination of Horace Greeley for the Presidency

Afterwards he became a Democrat again, and was elected a Sachem of Tammany Hall
  
1872-1873 President of Common Council of New York City.  As such he was Acting Mayor of New York City when Mayor A. Oakey Hall temporarily retired during the Tweed investigation.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 16, 2013, 09:03:37 pm
1868

Ulysses S Grant IL Republican

=====
Father of Frederick Grant, Republican Party candidate for Secretary of State of New York, defeated, 1887, U.S. Minister  to Austria-Hungary 1889-1893, a Commissioner of Police in New York City, serving along with future President Theodore Roosevelt, 1894-1895

Father of Ulysses S Grant Jr, Served as personal secretary to his father, President Ulysses S Grant while President, served as Assistant United States Attorney in New York, delegate from California at the Republican National Convention 1896, 1900, was an elector for California in the 1904 and 1908 Presidential elections

Father of Jesse Grant, joined the Democratic Party, was a candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to William Jennings Bryan, 1908, wrote a biography of his father, President Ulysses S Grant, In The Days Of My Father General Grant, 1925
=====
 
When Grant was 17, Congressman Thomas L. Hamer nominated him to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Hamer mistakenly wrote down the name as "Ulysses S. Grant of Ohio", and this became his adopted name. His nickname became "Sam" among army colleagues at the academy since the initials "U.S." also stood for "Uncle Sam".

Graduated in 1843, ranking 21st in a class of 39. Was made regimental quartermaster, managing supplies and equipment, with the rank of Brevet Second Lieutenant.

1846-1848 Lieutenant Mexican-American War under Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott

1853 Promoted to rank of Captain

1856 Voted for Democratic Presidential candidate James Buchanan saying he was really voting against James C Fremont

1860 Favored Democrat Stephen A Douglas over Republican Abraham Lincoln and Lincoln over Alternate or Southern Democrat John C Breckenridge

During the Civil War, Grant's political sympathies coincided with the Republicans aggressive prosecution of the war

Grant's private letters were used as campaign literature for Lincoln's re-election as President

Mar 9 1864-Mar 4 1869 Commanding General U.S. Army

1866 Sent by President Andrew Johnson on fact finding tours of the south

1866 President Andrew Johnson asked Grant to replace Secretary of War Edwin M Stanton as Secretary of War.  Grant recommended against the move. Johnson made the interim appointment of Grant. Grant agreed to accept the post temporarily.  Senate reinstated Stanton. Johnson requested Grant to refuse to surrender the office to Stanton.  Grant stepped aside.

Battles/wars

Mexican-American War Battle of Resaca de la Palma
Battle of Palo Alto
Battle of Monterrey
Siege of Veracruz
Battle of Molino del Rey
Battle of Chapultepec

American Civil War
Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Shiloh
Siege of Vicksburg
Chattanooga Campaign
Overland Campaign
Siege of Petersburg
Appomattox Campaign

1868 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1872 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Mar 4 1869-Mar 4 1877 18th President U.S.

Ulysses Grant and Schuyler Colfax, age 46 and age 45 respectively at the time of their inauguration, were the youngest Presidential and Vice Presidential team until the inauguration of Bill Clinton and Al Gore in 1993

1879 "Stalwart" faction in Republican Party tried unsuccessfully to nominate Grant for a third term as President U.S.

Ulysses S Grant and William Henry Vanderbilt

In 1884, the firm Grant & Ward went bankrupt and ruined the investments of both Ulysses S Grant and William Henry Vanderbilt, businessman and philanthropist and a prominent member of the Vanderbilt family, whom Grant had convinced to invest $150,000. Ferdinand Ward, known as the Napoleon of Wall Street, had, unknowingly to both Grant and Vanderbilt, operated the company as a Ponzi scheme that resulted in financial ruin for many. The other associate, Buck Grant, apparently was unaware of Ward's Ponzi scheme swindle. Ward was later prosecuted. To pay Vanderbilt back, Grant mortgaged his Civil War memorabilia, including his sword. Although this did not fully cover the $150,000 debt, Vanderbilt accepted the memorabilia as payment and wiped out the $150,000 debt owed by Grant. Vanderbilt later recouped Grant's other mortgaged war memorabilia, including the memorabilia given by Grant, and returned them to Ulysses S. Grant's wife, Julia Grant, after Grant's death in 1885.

First Lady of the United States Julia Grant 1869-1877

Attended the Misses Mauros' boarding school in St. Louis for seven years among the daughters of other affluent parents. She excelled in art and voice.

Schuyler Colfax IN Whig, Republican, Radical Republican

=====
Father of Schuyler Colfax III Mayor South Bend IN 1898-1901
=====

Attended New York City schools until he was 10 years old, when family financial difficulties led him to take a job in a store. This concluded his formal education. Colfax never attended high school or college.

1836 Colfax's family moved to New Carlisle, Indiana

1841 Colfax's step father, George Mathews, was elected St. Joseph County Auditor, and he appointed Colfax as his deputy, a post which Colfax held for all eight years Mathews served as County Auditor

As a young man, contributed articles on Indiana politics to the New York Tribune and formed a friendship with the editor, Horace Greeley. He established a reputation as a rising young Whig and at 19 became the editor of the pro-Whig South Bend Free Press. In 1845, Colfax purchased the newspaper and changed its name to the St. Joseph Valley Register. He remained in charge of the paper for nine years, and wrote editorials in support of first Whig and later Republican views.

1848 Delegate to Whig Party National Convention

1849-1850 Delegate to IN State Constitutional Convention

1852 Nominated for U.S. House of Representatives IN, lost

1854 Colfax was initiated into the Beta Theta Pi fraternity at DePauw University, an achievement remarkable for the fact that he had not attended college

1854 Colfax ran for Congress again, the Whig Party was on the verge of collapse, and Colfax won election as a candidate of the short-lived Indiana People's Party, an anti-slavery movement which formed to oppose the Kansas–Nebraska Act

Mar 4 1855-Mar 3 1869 U.S. House of Representatives IN

1861 Colfax was supported by the Chicago Tribune to become U.S. Postmaster General in President Lincoln's cabinet, but the Indiana seat in Cabinet went instead to Caleb Smith, souring Colfax on Lincoln and contributing to Colfax’s shift to Radical Republicanism

Dec 7 1863-Mar 3 1869 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

1868 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ulysses S Grant, won

Became the First Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives to be elected Vice President U.S.
 
Mar 4 1869-Mar 4 1873 17th Vice President U.S.

Ulysses Grant and Schuyler Colfax, age 46 and age 45 respectively at the time of their inauguration, were the youngest Presidential and Vice Presidential team until the inauguration of Bill Clinton and Al Gore in 1993

1872 Unsuccessful candidate for Republican re-nomination for Vice President U.S.  Lost nomination to U.S. Senator Henry Wilson of Massachusetts.

Post Vice Presidency, began embarking on a successful career as a traveling lecturer offering speeches on a variety of topics. His most requested presentation was one on the life of Abraham Lincoln, whom the nation had begun to turn into an icon. With an expanding population that desired to know more details and context about Lincoln's life and career, an oration from someone who had known him personally was an attraction audiences were willing to pay to hear, and Colfax delivered his Lincoln lecture hundreds of times to positive reviews.

1875 Became vice president of the Indiana Reaper and Iron Company

Apr 3 1882 Colfax announced in a letter to the South Bend Tribune that he declined to run for office again

Second Lady of the United States Ellen Colfax 1869-1873

On November 18, 1868, just two weeks after the election, Ellen Maria Wade married Schuyler Colfax, the man who had defeated her uncle, Senator Benjamin Franklin Wade of Ohio, in the race for the Republican Vice Presidential nomination.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 18, 2013, 12:12:59 am
1868 Continued

Horatio Seymour NY Democratic

1824 Was sent to the American Literary, Scientific & Military Academy (Norwich University).

Upon his return to Utica in 1827, Seymour read for the law in the offices of Greene Bronson and Samuel Beardsley. Though admitted to the bar in 1832, he did not enjoy work as an attorney and was primarily preoccupied with politics and managing his family's business interests.

1833-1839 Military Secretary to Gov NY

1842-1843 Mayor Utica, NY

1842-1849 NY State Assembly

1845-1849 Speaker NY State Assembly

1850 Candidate for Governor NY, lost

Jan 1 1853-Dec 31 1854 Governor NY

1854 Lost bid for re-election Governor NY

1856 Considered as a possible compromise candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, ruled himself out

1860 Considered as a possible compromise candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, ruled himself out

1861 Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate NY, lost

Jan 1 1863-Dec 31 1864 Governor NY

1864 Permanent Chairman Democratic National Convention

1868 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ulysses S Grant

1874 Turned down Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate NY

1876 Turned down offer to run as Democratic candidate for Governor NY

1879 Turned down offer to run as Democratic candidate for Governor NY

1880 Turned down requests to run for Democratic Presidential nomination

Francis Blair JR MO Free Soiler (1848-1854), Republican (1854-1866), Democratic (1866-1875), Unconditional Unionist

=====
Son of Francis Preston Blair, an American politician. As editor of the Washington Globe, was a keen supporter of the Democrats, and formed part of President Andrew Jackson’s ‘kitchen cabinet’. After briefly supporting the Free Soil party, helped to launch the new Republican party in 1854. At the outbreak of the Civil War, personally conveyed Lincoln’s offer to Robert E. Lee to command all the Union armies, which Lee rejected. After Lincoln’s re-election, organized the abortive Hampton Roads Conference, where peace terms were discussed with the Confederates.

Brother of Montgomery Blair, United States District Attorney 1839–1843, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas 1834–1849, United States Solicitor in the Court of Claims 1855–1858, United States Postmaster General 1861-1864 under Abraham Lincoln  

Cousin of Benjamin Gratz Brown, 1852-1858 MO State House of Representatives, a founding member of Republican Party in MO, 1863-1867 U.S. Senate MO, 1871-1873 Governor MO, 1872 chosen as Liberal Republican Party and Democratic Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Horace Greeley, lost, 1872 Democratic Party (unofficial) candidate Vice President U.S. with Thomas A Hendricks, lost, 1872 National Union Party candidate President U.S., lost, 1872 Democratic Party (unofficial) candidate Vice President U.S. with Charles J Jenkins, lost, 1872 Other Labor Reform candidate  Vice President U.S. with David Davis, lost
=====

Attended University of North Carolina, graduated from Princeton University in 1841, and studied law at Transylvania University

After his admission to the bar in Lexington, he went on to practice law in St. Louis, MO in 1842

Served in Mexican-American War

1846 Attorney General New Mexico Territory after it was secured by General Stephen W. Kearny

A personal and political friend of Thomas Hart Benton, he became known for his views opposing slavery and was an outspoken Free-Soiler

In the days following Lincoln's election, when it became evident that several southern states were advocating secession, Blair was among the leaders of a new political movement in Missouri, the Unconditional Union Party, which advocated the use of force, if necessary, to prevent Missouri from following suit

1852-1856 Missouri State House of Representatives

Synopsis of Francis Blair Jr's career as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives MO:

Elected as a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1856. He was defeated in 1858, but successfully contested the election and was finally seated on June 8, 1860, resigning on June 25, 1860. He was unsuccessful as a candidate in the special election to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation, but was elected in 1860 to the 37th Congress, serving until his resignation in July 1862 to become a Colonel in the Union Army. He was subsequently elected in 1862 to the 38th Congress, but had to relinquish his seat on June 10, 1864, after Samuel Knox successfully contested his election

Mar 4 1857-Mar 3 1859 U.S. House of Representatives MO

1858 Defeated for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives MO, but successfully contested the election

1860 Delegate to Republican National Convention from Missouri

Jun 8 1860-Jun 25 1860 U.S. House of Representatives MO after successfully contesting the election  

Jun 25 1860 Resigned from U.S. House of Representatives MO

1860 Was unsuccessful as a candidate in the special election to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation

1860 Reelected U.S. House of Representatives MO serving Mar 4 1861-Jul 1862 when he resigned to become a Colonel in the Union Army

1862 Subsequently reelected U.S. House of Representatives MO serving Mar 4 1863-Jun 10 1864 after Samuel Knox, the Unconditional Unionist candidate, successfully contested the election

1862-1865 Union Army, United States Army, reaching rank of Major General, serving in American Civil War

1866 Opposed the Congressional Reconstruction Policy and on that issue left the Republican Party and joined the Democratic Party

1868 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Horatio Seymour, lost

Jan 20 1871-Mar 4 1873 U.S. Senate MO, chosen by Missouri Legislature

Jan 1873 defeated for reelection U.S. Senate MO

Blair's consuming interest in politics kept him active and a candidate for office until  his death in 1875  


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 18, 2013, 12:16:27 am
1872

The 1872 Presidential election is complicated.  The major candidate along with President Ulysses S Grant, Republican, was Horace Greeley, the candidate of the Liberal Republican Party and was as well endorsed by the official Democratic Party.  

Greeley died Nov 29 1872, 24 days after the Presidential election, and before the Electoral College met to cast their electoral vote ballots

The tickets are as follows.  There are Presidential nominees and Vice Presidential nominees, however, some of the Vice Presidential candidates, though not on the ticket, simply received electoral votes.

Republican Party
Ulysses S Grant IL
Henry Wilson MA

Liberal Republican Party, endorsed as well by the official Democratic Party
Horace Greeley NY
Benjamin Gratz Brown MO

Liberal Republicans who were displeased with the nomination of Horace Greeley nominated
William S Groesbeck  OH for President  

Democratic Party (Unofficial)
Thomas A Hendricks IN

Vice Presidential candidates Democratic Party (Unofficial)
Benjamin Gratz Brown MO
William S Groesbeck OH
George Washington Julian IN
John M Palmer IL

National Union Party
Benjamin Gratz Brown MO

Vice Presidential candidates National Union Party
Alfred H Colquitt GA
George Washington Julian IN
Thomas E Bramlette KY

Democratic Party (Unofficial)
Charles J Jenkins GA
Benjamin Gratz Brown MO

Labor Reform Party
David Davis IL
Joel Parker NJ

Other Vice Presidential candidates Labor Reform Party
Benjamin Gratz Brown MO
William S Groesbeck OH
George Washington Julian IN
John M Palmer IL

Bourbon Democratic Party (Straight Out Democratic Party), Labor Reform Party
Charles O'Connor NY
John Quincy Adams II MA

Prohibition Party
James Black PA
John Russell MI

Equal Rights Party (People's Party)
Victoria Woodhull NY
Frederick Douglass NY

Notes on Labor Reform Party and their nominated candidates

The Labor Reform Party had only been organized in 1870, with the first, and only, National Convention meeting in St. Louis Missouri on February 22nd, 1872. Initially there was a fair amount of discussion as to whether the party should actually nominate anyone for the Presidency at that time, or if they should wait at least for the Liberal Republicans to nominate their own ticket first. Every motion to that effect lost, and a number of ballots were taken resulting in the nomination of David Davis for the Presidency, who was the frontrunner for the Liberal Republican nomination at that time. Joel Parker, the Governor of New Jersey, was nominated for the Vice Presidency.

While Davis did not decline the nomination of the Labor Reform party, he decided to hinge his campaign in large part on the success of attaining the Liberal Republican nomination so that he might at least have their resources behind them. After their convention, in which he failed to attain the nomination, Davis telegraphed the Labor Reform party and informed them of his intention to withdraw from the Presidential contest entirely. Joel Parker soon followed suit.

A second convention was called on August 22nd in Philadelphia, where it was decided, rather than making the same mistake again, the Party would cooperate with the now fledgling "Straight-Out Democrat" movement that had recently formed and nominate their candidate as soon as it was known whom. Unfortunately that movement's nominee, Charles O'Conor, declined to run as well. Figuring that it was now too late to nominate a ticket of their own, the Party leadership decided to continue the campaign under O'Conor's name, even if he were not actually running. The various state affiliates grew less and less active, and by the following year the party ceased to be.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 18, 2013, 10:55:43 pm
Note:  

See above entry to see where the following candidacies relate to the 1872 Presidential election

1872 Continued


Ulysses S Grant IL Republican Party candidate for President U.S. See 1868

Henry Wilson MA Republican

Attended several local academies, taught school in Natick

1843 Joined Massachusetts militia, becoming a Major in the 1st Artillery Regiment, which he later commanded with the rank of Colonel

1846 promoted to Brigadier General as commander of the Massachusetts Militia's 3rd Brigade, a position he held until he became a candidate for Congress in 1852

1848-1851 Owner and editor of Boston Republican newspaper

1841-1852 MA State Legislature

1852 Unsuccessful candidate U.S. House of Representatives MA

1853 Delegate MA State Constitutional Convention

1853 Unsuccessful candidate Governor MA

Jan 31 1855-Mar 3 1873 U.S. Senate MA

1861 Union Army, rank of Colonel, American Civil War

Was considered a "Radical Republican".  After Civil War, supported  Radical program for Reconstruction.

1872 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ulysses S Grant, won

Mar 4 1873-Nov 22 1875 18th Vice President U.S.  Died in office.

Second Lady of the United States 1873-1875

Vacant, Henry Wilson was a widower.  His wife, Harriet Malvina Howe Wilson, died before Henry Wilson became Vice President.  

Horace Greeley NY Whig 1847–1854, Republican 1854–1872, Liberal Republican 1872

Seeing his intelligence, some neighbors offered to pay Greeley's way at Phillips Exeter Academy, but the Greeleys were too proud to accept charity

1838 Greeley met Albany editor Thurlow Weed. Weed spoke for a liberal faction of the Whigs in his newspaper, the Albany Evening Journal. He hired Greeley as editor of the state Whig newspaper for the upcoming campaign. The newspaper, the Jeffersonian, premiered in February 1838 and helped elect the Whig candidate for Governor, William H. Seward.

1840 Was deeply involved in the campaign of the Whig candidate for President William Henry Harrison, who was elected

Founder and Editor of New York Tribune, America's most influential newspaper from 1840s to 1870s

1840s Became an increasingly vocal opponent of the expansion of slavery

1844 Supported Whig candidate Henry Clay for President.  Clay defeated by Democratic candidate Jakes K Polk.

Dec 4 1848-Mar 3 1849 U.S. House of Representatives NY Whig, elected to fill a vacancy

1848 Was not a candidate for reelection U.S. House of Representatives NY
 
1851 Visited Europe and was chairman of one of the juries at the World’s Fair in London  

1855 Commissioner to the Paris Exposition

1856 One of the founders of the Republican Party.  Present as a delegate at its' organizing convention.

1860 Attended Republican Party National Convention.  Denied a seat in NY delegation.  Managed to be seated as a delegate from Oregon.

1861 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate NY, lost

1864 Appointed by President Lincoln to a peace commission which he knew the Confederates would repudiate

1865 At the close of the Civil War advocated universal amnesty
 
1866 Republican Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, NY, lost

1867 Offered bail for former Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis

1867 Delegate to the NY State constitutional convention
 
1867 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate NY in the legislative election, defeated by Roscoe Conkling

1868 As President and Congress battled, Greeley remained firmly opposed to President Andrew Johnson, and when the President was impeached, Greeley and the Tribune strongly supported his removal from office, strongly attacking Johnson. Nevertheless, the President was acquitted by the Senate, much to Greeley's disappointment.

1868 Sought the Republican Party nomination for Governor NY, but was frustrated by the Conkling forces

1868 Supported the successful Republican Presidential nominee, General Ulysses S. Grant, in the election

1869 Republican Party candidate NY State Comptroller, lost

1870 President Grant offered Greeley the post of Minister to Santo Domingo (today, the Dominican Republic), which he declined

1870 Republican Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives NY, lost

Was an unsuccessful candidate for several public offices

1872 Liberal Republican Party and official Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ulysses S Grant

Nov 29 1872 died 24 days after the Presidential election, the only Presidential candidate to have died prior to the counting of the electoral votes

Benjamin Gratz Brown MO Republican, Democratic, Liberal Republican

=====
Grandson of U.S. Senators John Brown and Jesse Bledsoe of Kentucky
=====

1845 Graduated Transylvania University    

1847 Graduated Yale College  

Studied law and later settled in St. Louis, MO, joined his cousin, Francis P. Blair, Jr., and Senator Thomas Hart Benton in a struggle against pro-slavery faction for control of Missouri's Democratic Party

1851 Correspondent for Missouri Republican at Treaty of Fort Laramie and served as the secretary at treaty negotiations

1852-1858 MO State House of Representatives

1857 Candidate Governor MO, lost

A founding member of Republican Party in MO

1861 Worked to keep MO from seceding from the Union

1861-1863 Colonel, Union Army, American Civil War

Nov 13 1863-Mar 4 1867 U.S. Senate MO, Unconditional Unionist

1864 Supported John C Fremont in Presidential election

1870 Joined Liberal Republican Party

Jan 4 1871-Jan 3 1873 Governor MO

1872 Sought Liberal Republican nomination for President U.S., lost to Horace Greeley

1872 Chosen as Liberal Republican Party and Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Horace Greeley, lost

1872 Democratic Party (unofficial) candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas A Hendricks, lost

1872 National Union Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ulysses S Grant

1872 Democratic Party (unofficial) candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charles J Jenkins, lost

1872 Other Labor Reform candidate  for Vice President U.S. with David Davis, lost

After 1872 election returned to his law practice, quit the Republican Party, resumed his ties to the Democratic Party

William S Groesbeck OH Democratic, Union National

1835 Graduated Miami University, Oxford, OH  

Studied law, was a law clerk in office of Salmon P. Chase, admitted to bar 1836, commenced practice in Cincinnati

1851 Delegate OH State Constitutional Convention

1852 Commissioner to codify the laws in OH

Mar 4 1857-Mar 3 1859 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1858 Defeated in bid for reelection U.S. House of Representatives OH

1861 Member Peace Convention Washington DC

1862-1864 OH State Senate

1866 Delegate Union National Convention

1868 One of the consuls of President Andrew Johnson during his impeachment trial

1872 Nominated for President U.S. by Liberal Republicans who were displeased with Horace Greeley, lost to Ulysses S Grant

1878 Delegate to International Monetary Conference Paris, France

George Washington Julian IN a National Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1852

John M Palmer IL Democratic, Free Soil, Republican, Liberal Republican, Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

From a very poor family but later worked his way through college

1839 Admitted to bar in IL

1848 Member IN State Constitutional Convention

1852-1855 IL State Senate Democratic

1856 Helped organize Republican Party in IL

1856 Presided over IL Republican convention

1859 Republican candidate special election U.S. House of Representatives IL, lost

1860 Republican Presidential Elector IL

1860 One of leading people to get Abraham Lincoln nominated for President U.S.

1861 Appointed by President Lincoln to be a delegate to Peace Convention in Washington DC

1861-1865 Commissioned as Colonel then promoted to rank of Brigadier General in Civil War

1861-1866 United States Army, Union Army, rank of Major General, American Civil War

1863-1868 Military Governor KY

Jan 11 1869-Jan 13 1873 Governor IL Republican

1872 Received electoral votes in Presidential election for Vice President U.S. by Electors who had voted for Liberal Republican Vice Presidential candidate Benjamin Gratz Brown for President after death of Horace Greeley

Mar 4 1891-Mar 3 1897 U.S. Senate IL

1892 Seriously considered as a Democratic Presidential candidate

1896 National Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

By waging this campaign for President, Palmer was a key figure in the "last stand" of classical liberalism as a political movement in the 19th century

Alfred H Colquitt GA Democratic

=====
Son of Walter T. Colquitt, U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate Georgia
=====

1844 Graduated Princeton College

Studied law, passed bar exams 1846, began practicing law in Monroe

Major U.S. Army Mexican-American War

Mar 4 1853-Mar 3 1855 U.S. House of Representatives GA

Georgia State Legislature

1861 Delegate to The Georgia Secession Convention
 
Jan 19 1861 Signed Georgia's Ordinance of Secession

1861-1865, Major General, Confederate States Army, American Civil War

1872 A National Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

Jan 12 1877-Nov 4 1882 Governor GA

Mar 4 1883-Mar 26 1894 U.S. Senate GA

Thomas E Bramlette KY Whig, Union Democratic

=====
Son of Ambrose Bramlette, who served two terms in Kentucky Senate, several terms in Kentucky House of Representatives
=====

Studied law, admitted to bar in 1837 at age of 20, began practicing in Louisville

1841 Elected KY General Assembly

1848-1850 Appointed Commonwealth's Attorney

1853 Whig candidate U.S. House of Representatives KY, lost

1857-1862 Judge KY's 6th Judicial District

1861-1862 Colonel Union Army Civil War

1862 Appointed U.S. District Attorney for KY by President Lincoln

Sep 1 1863-Sep 3 1867 Governor KY Union Democratic

1872 A National Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S., lost

Charles J Jenkins GA a Democratic Party candidate for President U.S. See 1852



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 20, 2013, 12:33:06 am
1872 Continued

David Davis IL Republican, Liberal Republican, Labor Reform, Independent

After graduating from Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, in 1832, he went on to study law in Massachusetts and at Yale University. Upon his graduation from Yale in 1835, Davis moved to Bloomington, Illinois, to practice law.

1845 IL State House of Representatives

1847 Delegate to IL Constitutional Convention

1848-1862 Presided over the Court of IL eighth circuit, the same circuit where attorney Abraham Lincoln was practicing

1860 Delegate to Republican National Convention in Chicago

1860 Abraham Lincoln's campaign manager during Presidential election

Oct 17 1862 Received recess appointment from President Lincoln as Associate Justice on U.S. Supreme Court

Dec 1 1862 Formally nominated for U.S. Supreme Court by President Lincoln

Oct 17 1862-Mar 4 1877 Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court

1872 Refused to become Chief Justice U.S.

Feb 1872 Nominated for President U.S. by Labor Reform Commission

1872 Failed to win Liberal Republican nomination for President U.S. Withdrew from Presidential election.

In 1877, Davis narrowly avoided the opportunity to be the only person to ever single-handedly select the President of the United States. In the disputed Presidential election of 1876 between the Republican Rutherford Hayes and the Democrat Samuel Tilden, Congress created a special Electoral Commission to decide to whom to award a total of 20 electoral votes which were disputed from the states of Florida, Louisiana, South Carolina and Oregon. The Commission was to be composed of 15 members: five drawn from the U.S. House of Representatives, five from the U.S. Senate, and five from the U.S. Supreme Court. The majority party in each legislative chamber would get three seats on the Commission, and the minority party would get two. Both parties agreed to this arrangement because it was understood that the Commission would have seven Republicans, seven Democrats, and Davis, who was arguably the most trusted independent in the nation.

According to one historian, "No one, perhaps not even Davis himself, knew which Presidential candidate he preferred." Just as the Electoral Commission Bill was passing Congress, the legislature of Illinois elected Davis to the Senate. Democrats in the Illinois Legislature believed that they had purchased Davis's support by voting for him. However, they had made a miscalculation; instead of staying on the Supreme Court so that he could serve on the Commission, he promptly resigned as a Justice on March 4, 1877, in order to take his Senate seat. Because of this, Davis was unable to assume the spot, always intended for him, as one of the Supreme Court's members of the Commission. His replacement on the Commission was Joseph Philo Bradley, a Republican, thus the Commission ended up with an 8–7 Republican majority. Each of the 20 disputed electoral votes was eventually awarded to Hayes, the Republican, by that same 8-7 majority; Hayes won the election, 185 electoral votes to 184. Had Davis been on the Commission, his would have been the deciding vote, and Tilden would have been elected President if Davis and the commission had awarded him even one electoral vote.

Mar 4 1877 Resigned from U.S. Supreme Court to become member U.S. Senate IL

Mar 4 1877-Mar 4 1883 U.S. Senate IL

May 12 1881-Mar 22 1883 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Upon death of President James A Garfield on Sep 19 1881, Vice President Chester Arthur assumed the Presidency

As President Pro Tempore of U.S. Senate, David Davis became next in line of succession to U.S. Presidency

Joel Parker NJ Democratic

=====
Son of Charles Parker, a member of the New Jersey Legislature for several years, and served one term as State Treasurer
=====

Attended the College of New Jersey, later known as Princeton University, graduating in the class of 1839.

Worked in the law office of Henry W. Green and was admitted to the bar in 1842

1848-1851 NJ State Assembly

1851 Appointed Prosecutor of Pleas of Monmouth County NJ

1860 Elector in Electoral College for NJ, cast electoral vote for Democratic candidae Stephen A Douglas

1860 Appointed Major General NJ Militia

Jan 20 1863-Jan 16 1866 Governor NJ, ran as a War Democrat

1868, 1876, 1884 "Favorite Son" candidate supported by NJ delegation at Democratic National Conventions

1872 Nominated for Vice President U.S. by Labor Reform Commission to run on ticket with David Davis.  Davis and Parker withdrew from election.

Jan 16 1872-Jan 19 1875 Governor NJ

1875 Attorney General NJ

1880-1888 Associate Justice NJ Supreme Court

Charles O'Connor NY Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

At the age of 16, began to study law, and in 1824, before he had attained the statutory age of 21, he was admitted to the bar, and soon won high reputation in his profession

1852 Presidential Elector on Democratic ticket

1853-1854 U.S. Attorney for Southern District NY

After Civil War, Senior Counsel for former Confederate States of America President Jefferson Davis on his indictment for treason

1872 The faction of Democrats that refused to support Horace Greeley nominated Charles O'Connor for President U.S. and John Quincy Adams II for Vice President U.S. on the "Bourbon Democratic" or "Straight Out Democratic" ticket, and the "Labor Reformers". They declined the nominations, but their names remained on the ballot in some states.

Took a prominent part in the prosecution of Boss Tweed and members of the "Tweed Ring"

John Quincy Adams II MA Republican, Democratic

=====
Son of Charles Francis Adams Sr, grandson and namesake of President John Quincy Adams, great-grandson of President John Adams
=====

1853 Graduated from Harvard University

Studied law, attained admission to the bar, practiced law in Boston

Married Frances Cadwalader Crowninshield , daughter of George and Harriet Sears Crowninshield of the politically powerful Crowninshield family

Civil War served on the staff of Massachusetts Governor John Andrew with the rank of Colonel

Adams served in several local offices in Quincy, including town meeting moderator, school board chairman and judge of the local court

Elected to the Massachusetts state legislature as a Republican, but soon switched to the Democratic Party because of his disaffection with Republican Reconstruction policies

1865, 1867, 1870, 1873 Massachusetts House of Representatives

1867, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1871  Was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for Governor Massachusetts

1868 Received one vote for the Democratic nomination for President U.S. at the Democratic National Convention

1872 The faction of Democrats that refused to support Horace Greeley nominated Charles O'Connor for President U.S. and John Quincy Adams II for Vice President U.S. on the "Bourbon Democratic" or "Straight Out Democratic" ticket, and the "Labor Reformers". They declined the nominations, but their names remained on the ballot in some states.

1873 Was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor Massachusetts

1876 After losing election for Lieutenant Governor Massachusetts, Adams refused most further involvement in politics, though he was considered by President Grover Cleveland for a cabinet position in 1893

1877 Was made a member of the Harvard Corporation

James Black PA Prohibition Party

1844 Black began the study of law, passing into the Pennsylvania state bar in 1846 and setting up a legal practice in Lancaster

Actively involved in establishing The Good Templars, a temperance organization

Co-founded the National Temperance Society and Publishing House

1869 Helped found Prohibition Party

1872 Prohibition Party candidate President U.S., lost to Ulysses S Grant

John Russell MI Prohibition Party

A Methodist preacher who became a leading advocate for prohibition during the 1870's

Helped organize Prohibition Party

As a journalist, published the Detroit Peninsular Herald as the first prohibition newspaper

1872 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James Black, lost

Victoria Woodhull NY National Equal Rights Party (People's Party)

1870 With her sister, Tennessee Claflin, became first women stock brokers, Woodhull, Claflin and Company, opening a brokerage firm on Wall Street

1870 With her sister founded a newspaper, Woodhull and Claflin's Weekly

Women's rights advocate, suffragette, labor reform advocate

Member of International Workingmen's Association, also known as The First International

1872 National Equal Rights Party (People's Party) candidate for President U.S., becoming first female candidate for President U.S., lost to Ulysses S Grant

While many historians and authors agree that Woodhull was the first woman to run for President of the United States, some have questioned that priority given issues with the legality of her run. They disagree with classifying it as a true candidacy because she was younger than the constitutionally mandated age of 35. However, election coverage by contemporary newspapers does not suggest age was a significant issue. The Presidential inauguration was in March 1873. Woodhull's 35th birthday was in September 1873.

1892 National Women's Suffragists candidate for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

Frederick Douglass NY Republican, National Equal Right's Party (People's Party)

Former slave

1838 Escaped from slavery, making his way to the safe house of noted abolitionist David Ruggles in New York City

Became a prominent abolitionist and noted orator

Joined the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, an independent black denomination established in New York City, which counted among its members Sojourner Truth and Harriet Tubman

Became a licensed preacher in 1839, and this helped him hone his oratorical skills. He held various positions, including steward, Sunday School superintendent, and sexton.  

1843 Participated in the American Anti-Slavery Society's Hundred Conventions project, a six-month tour of meeting halls throughout the Eastern and Midwestern United States

1848 Only African-American to attend the first Women's Rights Convention

Mar 12 1859 Douglass met with radical abolitionists John Brown, George DeBaptiste, and others at William Webb's house in Detroit to discuss emancipation

1864 Supported John C Fremont for President

Post Civil War, President Reconstruction-Era Freedman's Savings Bank

Charge' d' Affairs for Dominican Republic

1868 Supported Ulysses S Grant for President



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 20, 2013, 09:24:36 pm
1872 Continued

Frederick Douglass Continued

1872 Became the first African American nominated for Vice President of the United States, as Victoria Woodhull's running mate on the National Equal Rights Party (People's Party) ticket, lost

He was nominated without his knowledge. During the campaign, he neither campaigned for the ticket nor acknowledged that he had been nominated.

1872 Served as a Presidential elector in the United States Electoral College for the State of New York

1877 Appointed a U.S. Marshall  
      
1881 Appointed Recorder of Deeds for District of Columbia

1888 At the Republican National Convention, became the first African American to receive a vote for nomination for President of the United States in a major party's roll call vote

1889-1891 Minister-Resident and Counsel General to Republic of Haiti

1892 Appointed by Haitian government as its Commissioner to Chicago World's Columbian Exposition

1876

Rutherford B Hayes OH Republican

Eentered Kenyon College in Gambier in 1838. He enjoyed his time at Kenyon, and was successful scholastically. While there, he joined several student societies and became interested in Whig politics. He graduated with highest honors in 1842 and addressed the class as its valedictorian.

After briefly reading law in Columbus, Ohio, moved east to attend Harvard Law School in 1843, graduating with an LL.B

Admitted to the Ohio bar in 1845 and opened his own law office in Lower Sandusky, now Fremont

1856 Declined the Republican nomination for a Judgeship

1858 Republicans proposed Hayes to fill a vacancy on the bench and he considered accepting the appointment until the offfice of City Solicitor, Cincinnati, became vacant

1858-1861 City Solicitor, Cincinnati, elected by Cincinnati City Council

1861-1865 United States Army, Union Army, Brevet Major General, American Civil War

Mar 4 1865-Jul 20 1867 U.S. House of Representatives OH

Jan 10 1868-Mar 2 1872 Governor OH. Chose not to seek reelection as Governor.

1872 Urged to run for U.S. Senate OH, declined

Appointment as Assistant U.S. Treasurer at Cincinnati.  Turned down appointment. Was hoping for a cabinet appointment.

1872 Nominated for U.S. House of Representatives OH. Lost election but was not disappointed by the loss.

Jan 10 1876-Mar 2 1877 Governor OH

1876 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected in disputed election

The 1876 election was one of the most contentious and controversial Presidential elections in American history. The results of the election remain among the most disputed ever, although there is no question that Samuel J Tilden of New York outpolled Ohio's Rutherford B Hayes in the popular vote. After a first count of votes, Tilden won 184 electoral votes to Hayes's 165, with 20 votes unresolved. These 20 electoral votes were in dispute in four states: in the case of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina, each party reported its candidate had won the state, while in Oregon one elector was declared illegal, as an "elected or appointed official", and replaced. The question of who should have been awarded these electoral votes is the source of the continued controversy concerning the results of this election.

An informal deal was struck to resolve the dispute: the Compromise of 1877, which awarded all 20 electoral votes to Hayes. In return for the Democrats' acquiescence in Hayes's election, the Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction. The Compromise effectively ceded power in the Southern states to the Democratic Redeemers, who went on to pursue their agenda of returning the South to a political economy resembling that of its pre-war condition, including the disenfranchisement of black voters.

This was the first Presidential election in 20 years in which the Democratic candidate won a majority of the popular vote. This is also the only election in which a candidate for President received more than 50 percent of the popular vote but was not elected President by the Electoral College, and one of four elections in which the person winning the plurality of the popular vote did not win the election. It is to date the smallest electoral vote victory and the election with the highest voter turnout of the voting age population in American history.

Mar 4 1877-Mar 4 1881 19th President U.S.

1880 Declined to seek reelection as President U.S.

1881 Elected a companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Served as commander-in-chief (national president) of the Loyal Legion from 1888 until his death in 1893.

Became an advocate for educational charities, advocating federal education subsidies for all children

1887 Appointed to the Board of Trustees of The Ohio State University, the school he helped found during his time as Governor of Ohio

1889 Gave a speech encouraging black students to apply for scholarships from the Slater Fund, one of the charities with which he was affiliated

Advocated for better prison conditions

1890 Chaired the Lake Mohonk Conference on the Negro Question, a gathering of reformers that met in upstate New York to discuss racial issues

First Lady of the United States Lucy Hayes 1877-1881

Descended from seven veterans of the American Revolution.

Enrolled at Wesleyan Women’s College, class of 1850 (which later merged with Ohio Wesleyan University), from which she graduated with first honors. She was the first First Lady to have graduated from college.

William A Wheeler NY Republican

Attended Franklin Academy and the University of Vermont, although monetary concerns forced him to drop out without graduating

Admitted to the bar in 1845, practiced law in Malone NY

1846-1849 District Attorney Franklin County NY

1850-1851 NY State Assembly

1858-1859 NY State Senate

Mar 4 1861-Mar 3 1863 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1867-1868 President NY State Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1869-Mar 3 1877 U.S. House of Representatives NY

President NY Northern Railroad

1876 Delegate to Republican National Convention

1876 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Rutherford B Hayes, elected in disputed election

Mar 4 1877-Mar 4 1881 19th Vice President US

Second Lady of the United States, 1877-1881

Vacant, William Wheeler was a widower.

Samuel J Tilden NY Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

1837 Health concerns clouded Tilden's early years, forcing him to terminate a brief career at Yale University

Studied at New York University (then officially named the University of the City of New York), earning a bachelor's degree before graduating from New York University School of Law (then known as the School of Law of the University of the City of New York)

Admitted to the bar in 1841, becoming a skilled corporate lawyer

His legal practice, combined with shrewd investments, made him rich. Tilden's success at money management and investing caused many of Tilden's friends, relatives and political allies, including Martin Van Buren, to allow Tilden to manage their finances.

1843-1844 New York City's Corporation Counsel

1846 NY State Assembly

1846 Delegate NY State Constitutional Convention

1855 Candidate for NY State Attorney General, lost

After Civil War, NY Democratic State Committee

Led reform movement in New York Democratic Party against Tweed Ring of New York City

1865-1875 Played a prominent role in the reorganization of the Democratic Party

1866-1874 New York State Democratic Committee Chairman

1867 Delegate to New York Constitutional Convention

1867 Received an honorary LL.D. from New York University

1872 NY State Assembly

1875 Received an LL.D. from Yale University

At the same time Yale conferred the LL.D., he was also enrolled as a graduate of Yale's Class of 1837 and received his Bachelor of Arts degree

Led the reform movement in the Democratic Party, and played a key role in the Tweed Ring's demise

Took a leading part in the impeachment of Judge George G Barnard, who was a member of the New York State Supreme Court

Jan 1 1875-Dec 31 1876 Governor NY

As a reform-spirited Governor in 1875 and 1876, turned his attention to a second set of plunderers, the “Canal Ring”, made up of members of both parties who had been systematically robbing New York State by overcharging for maintenance and construction of the New York State Canal System. Succeeded in breaking them up, and his successful service as Governor gained him the Presidential nomination.

1876 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Rutherford B Hayes in disputed election

See Rutherford B Hayes above, 1876, for details of disputed election

1880 Was considered the front-runner for the Democratic Presidential nomination. His chances of obtaining it suffered a blow in October 1878 at the hands of the Republican New York Tribune. The Tribune claimed to have unearthed and decoded secret "cipher" telegrams sent by Tilden's agents at the height of the 1876 electoral dispute, apparently offering bribes to vote-counters in the contested states: $50,000 for Florida, $80,000 for South Carolina, and $5,000 for the single vote from Oregon.

Tilden denied all knowledge of such dispatches, and appeared voluntarily before a Congressional sub-committee in New York City to clear himself of the charge. The attempts to implicate him in corrupt transactions were not successful and he was cleared of any personal wrongdoing. However, his political opponents endeavored to make capital out of the 'Cipher Dispatches' in subsequent campaigns. The controversy somewhat damaged Tilden's reputation for honesty, and he did not run.

1884 Was again considered likely to become a candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination, but his health began to fail and he declined to run

Thomas A Hendricks IN Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1884



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 20, 2013, 09:31:18 pm
1876 Continued

Peter Cooper NY Greenback Party

Industrialist, Inventor, Philanthropist

1840 Alderman New York City

Prior to Civil War active in anti-slavery movement

Involved in United States Indian Commission

Efforts led to the formation of the Board of Indian Commissioners

1876 Greenback Party nominee for President U.S., lost to Rutherford B Hayes

At age 85 is the oldest person ever nominated by any party for President U.S.

Samuel Fenton Cary OH Republican, Greenback Party

Graduated from Miami University in 1835 and from the Cincinnati Law School in 1837

Admitted to the bar 1837, practicing law out of his in office in Cincinnati

Elected Judge of OH State Supreme Court, decided to pass on job

Instead became Postmaster General of OH

1845 Began to devote himself to temperance and anti-slavery groups

1864 Delegate to Republican National Convention

1865 Collector of Internal Revenue for OH First District

Nov 21 1867-Mar 3 1869 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1868 Defeated in bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives OH

1875 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor OH, lost

1876 Greenback Party nominee for Vice President U.S. with Peter Cooper, after Newton Booth declined the Vice Presidential nomination, lost

Green Clay Smith KY Prohibition Party

=====
Son of John Speed Smith, who was elected to the Kentucky legislature and the US House of Representatives. His mother's younger brothers, Brutus J. Clay and Cassius M. Clay, both became state politicians and were later elected as members of the Unionist Party to the US Congress from Kentucky during the American Civil War. Cassius became known as an abolitionist before the war.
=====

As a young man, pursued academic studies

1846 When the U.S.-Mexican War began, enlisted in the Army and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the First Regiment of the Kentucky Volunteer Infantry

Smith returned to Kentucky, where he graduated from Transylvania University in 1849, then studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1852. He began his practice in Covington.

1853-1857 School Commissioner Covington KY

1861-1863 Kentucky State House of Representatives

Apr 4 1862 Commissioned Colonel of Fourth Regiment of Kentucky Volunteer Cavalry, July 2 1862 advanced to Brigadier General of Volunteers

Mar 4 1863-Jul 13 1866 U.S. House of Representatives KY

Resigned from military post Dec 1 1863

1865-1866 Served as chairman of the Committee on Militia  

Mar 13 1865 Appointed Brevett Major General of Volunteers

Jul 13 1866-Apr 9 1869 Territorial Governor Montana

1876 Prohibition candidate for President U.S., lost to Rutherford B Hayes

Gideon T Stewart OH Prohibition Party

An American lawyer as well as a newspaper owner and editor. He was very active in promoting the temperance movement. He was elected three timess as grand worthy chief templar of the Good Templars of Ohio. Throughout the 1850s he attempted to organize a permanent prohibition party.

Studied at Oberlin College, but left before graduating to study law in Norwalk, Ohio. Later studied under Noah Haynes Swayne in Columbus, Ohio for more than a year, and spent two years in Florida with his brother, before returning to Norwalk, where he was admitted to the bar in 1846.

During the American Civil War he published Union newspapers in Iowa and then Toledo, Ohio, before returning to law practice in Norwalk in 1866

1869 Delegate to convention that established National Prohibition Party

Candidate for Governor OH, candidate seven times for Judge on OH Supreme Court, candidate for Circuit Court Judge, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost

1876 Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Green Clay Smith, lost

James B Walker IL American National Party

1876 Amerian National Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Rutherford B Hayes

Donald Kirkpatrick NY American National Party

1876 American National Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James B Walker, lost  


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 21, 2013, 10:05:45 pm
1880

James A Garfield OH Republican

=====
Father of Harry Augustus Garfield, President of Williams College 1909-1934, Supervisor of Federal Fuel Administration 1917-1918, President of American Political Science Association 1921-1922

Father of James Rudolph Garfield, Member Ohio State Senate 1896-1899, was an influential advisor to President Theodore Roosevelt, member U.S. Civil Service Commission 1902-1903, Commissioner of Corporations at the U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor 1903-1907, U.S. Secretary of the Interior 1907-1909, was a candidate for the Republican Party nomination for Governor Ohio in 1910 but withdrew from the convention when it endorsed the Taft Administration, during the 1912 Presidential election, was a key supporter of Theodore Roosevelt's bid for a third term, in 1914 he made an unsuccessful bid for Governor of Ohio on the Progressive Party ticket
=====  

1851-1854 Attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute, later named Hiram College, Hiram, OH

Enrolled at Williams College Williamstown, MA

1856 Graduated as an outstanding student

1859 Began to study law, admitted to OH bar 1861

Earned a reputation as a skilled debater

The only President of the United States to have been a clergyman

Between 1857 and 1858 elections began career in politics as a speaker in support of Republican Party and their anti-slavery cause

Before admission to the bar, was invited to enter politics by local Republican Party leaders upon the death of Cyrus Prentiss, the presumed nominee for a state Senate seat for Ohio. Nominated by the party convention and then elected an Ohio State Senator in 1859, serving until 1861.

1859-1861 OH State Senate

1861-1863 United States Army, Major General, American Civil War

Nov 1862-Jan 1863 Chief of Staff to Major General William S. Rosecrans, Union Army, Civil War

Mar 4 1863-Nov 8 1880 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1877-1880 With the Democratic takeover of the U.S. House of Representatives, with many of his leadership rivals defeated in the 1874 Democratic landslide, and James G Blaine elected to the U.S. Senate, Garfield became the Republican Floor Leader, and the likely House Speaker should the Republican Party regain control of the chamber

1880 OH Legislature elected Garfield to  U.S. Senate, elected President before taking Senate seat

1880 Became Republican Party's compromise nominee for the 1880 Presidential election, elected

Won Republican nomination for President U.S. on the thirty fifth ballot at the Republican National Convention, making it the longest Republican National Convention in history
  
Is thus far the only sitting member of the U.S. House of Representatives to have been elected President

Mar 4 1881-Sep 19 1881 20th President U.S., assassinated

Shot by Charles J Guiteau, a disgruntled office seeker, Jul 2 1881 at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. and died Sep 19 1881
 
First Lady of the United States Lucretia Garfield 1881

Taught school in Cleveland, and Bayou, Ohio.

Chester A Arthur NY Republican

The family's frequent moves between Quebec, Canada (then known as British North America)  and Vermont, spawned accusations that Chester Arthur was not a native born citizen of the United States, but that he was born in Dunham, Quebec, Canada, not in Fairfield, Vermont, which is recognized as his official birth place.

During his time at school gained his first political inclinations and supported the Whig Party. He joined other young Whigs in support of Henry Clay, even participating in a brawl against students who supported James K. Polk. Arthur also supported the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish republican organization founded in America.

1845-1848 Union College, Schenectady, New York where he studied the traditional classical curriculum. As a senior was president of the debate society.

After graduating, became a full-time teacher, but soon began to pursue an education in the law. While studying law, continued teaching, moving closer to home by taking a job teaching in North Pownal, Vermont. Coincidentally, future President James A. Garfield would teach penmanship at the same school three years later, but the two did not cross paths at that time.  Garfield and Arthur were to become the Republican Party candidates for President and Vice President in the 1880 Presidential election.  

1853 After studying at State and National Law School in Ballston Spa, New York, moved to New York City to read law at the law office of Erastus D. Culver, an abolitionist lawyer

1854 Admitted to the bar, joined Culver's firm, which was subsequently renamed Culver, Parker, and Arthur

1858 Rose in ranks of conservative branch NY Republican Party

1858-1863 United States Army, Second Brigade, New York Militia, rank of Brigadier General, on staff of NY Republican Governor Edwin D Morgan

1859 Became Judge Advocate General for the Second Brigade of the New York Militia

1861-1863 Served on military staff of NY Republican Governor Edwin D Morgan for the Second Brigade of the New York Militia as follows:

Jan 1 1861-Jan 1 1863 Engineer-In-Chief New York Militia
Apr 14 1862-Jul 12 1862 Inspector General New York Militia
Jul 27 1862-Jan 1 1863 Quartermaster General New York Militia

1864 In the Presidential election raised funds from Republicans in New York for the Abraham Lincoln Presidential campaign

Mar 4 1865 Attended Abraham Lincoln's second Presidential inauguration

Following the Civil War, devoted more time to Republican politics and quickly rose in the Republican political machine run by New York Senator Roscoe Conkling

1866 Unsuccessfully attempted to secure the position of Naval Officer at the New York Custom House, a lucrative job subordinate only to the Collector

1868 Chairman New York City Republican Party executive committee

1868 Fund raiser for Ulysses S Grant's election

1869-1870 Counsel to New York City Tax Commission

Dec 1 1871-Jul 11 1878 Collector of the Port of New York

1879 Worked for election of Republican "Stalwart" faction to NY state offices

Sep 11 1879-Oct 11 1881 Chairman New York State Republican Executive Committee

1880 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James A Garfield, elected

Mar 4 1881-Sep 19 1881 20th Vice President U.S. under James A Garfield

Sep 19 1881-Mar 4 1885 21st President U.S. succeeding President James A Garfield who was assassinated

1884 Candidate for Republican nomination for President U.S., lost to James G Blaine

1885 Two months before the end of his Presidential term, several New York Stalwarts approached Arthur to request that he run for United States Senate, but he declined, preferring to return to his old law practice, Arthur, Knevals and Ransom.  His health limited his activity with the firm.

Managed only a few public appearances until the end of 1885

Second Lady of the United States 1881

Vacant, Chester A Arthur was a widower.

First Lady of the United States 1881-1885

Ellen Arthur, wife of Chester A Arthur, died in 1880. When Chester A. Arthur became President after James A. Garfield died, he asked his sister, Mary Arthur McElroy, to be White House hostess.

Winfield Scott Hancock PA Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

=====
Was named after Winfield Scott, a prominent General in the War of 1812 and unsuccessful Whig Party candidate for President U.S. 1852
=====

In 1840, Joseph Fornance, the local Congressman, nominated Hancock to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Hancock's progress at West Point was average. Graduated 18th in his class of 25 in 1844, and he was assigned to the infantry.

1844-1886, United States Army, achieving rank of Major General  

Served in Mexican-American War, American Civil War

1865 Assigned to supervise the execution of the Lincoln assassination conspirators

1866 Command of Middle Military Department, head quarters Baltimore, MD

1866 Command of Military Department of the Missouri, head quarters Fort Leavenworth, KS

During reconstruction in charge of Fifth Military District covering Texas and Louisiana

1868 Command of Department of Dakota, comprising Minnesota, Montana, the Dakotas

1872 Command of Division of the Atlantic, head quarters New York City, NY

1878-1886 President Military Service Institution of U.S.

1879-1886 Commander-in-Chief Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the U.S., a veterans organization

Had been proposed several times unsuccessfully for Democratic Party Presidential nomination

1880 Democratic Party candidate President U.S., lost to James A Garfield

Post 1880 election continued as Commander of Division of the Atlantic

1881 President National Rifle Association  

William Hayden English IN Democratic

=====
Son of Elisha English who served in the Indiana State Legislature

Father of William E English, IN State House of Representatives 1880-1882, U.S. House of Representatives IN 1884-1885, Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Conventions 1892, 1896. Left Democratic Party in 1900 and became active in Republican Party.  Delegate to Republican National Convention 1912. Elected in 1916 to Indiana State Senate, reelected 1920,  1924, serving until his death in 1926, Republican.        
=====

Attended Hanover College. Left college after three years and began to read law.  

1840 Admitted to IN bar at age eighteen and  built a law practice in Scott County
 
1840 Attended state Democratic convention

1840 Gave speeches on behalf of Democratic Presidential candidate Martin Van Buren

By end of 1842 Came under mentorship of IN Democratic Lieutenant Governor Jesse D. Bright who helped him rise within Bright's faction of the Democratic Party

1843 IN State House of Representatives selected English as their clerk

1843 Clerk IN State House of Representatives  
 
1844  Worked on campaign of Democratic Presidential candidate James K. Polk

1845-1849 Clerk of Second Auditor Treasury Department, Washington DC, a patronage appointment granted by President James K Polk

1848 Attended Democratic National Convention, supported Lewis Cass, the eventual Presidential nominee

1849-1850 Clerk U.S. Senate Claims Committee, a job obtained through party connections

1850 Worked as secretary to Indiana Constitutional Convention

1851-1853 Indiana State House of Representatives

1851-1852 Speaker Indiana State House of Representatives

1851-1852 Worked for the pro-Southern Douglas-Hunter Presidential ticket, which did not receive the Democratic nomination

Mar 4 1853-Mar 3 1861 U.S. House of Representatives IN

After leaving the House of Representatives, English had remained in touch with local politics, even serving as chairman of the Indiana Democratic Party

Although he had not sought elected office since 1858, he had raised his national profile in 1879 through several interviews and letters to friendly newspapers

Attended the 1880 Democratic National Convention in Cincinnati as a member of the Indiana delegation, where he favored Presidential candidate Thomas F. Bayard of Delaware

Major General Winfield Scott Hancock of Pennsylvania won the Presidential nomination

1880 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Winfield Scott Hancock, lost

Resumed business career after the election. Also became more interested in local history, joining a reunion of the survivors of the 1850 state constitutional convention, which met at his opera house in 1885. Became the president of the Indiana Historical Society. Served on the Indianapolis Monument Commission in 1893, and helped to plan and finance the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument there.




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 23, 2013, 12:22:07 am
1880 Continued

James B Weaver IA Repuiblican, Greenback

1851 Read law with Samuel G. McAchran, a local lawyer

1855 Enrolled at Cincinnati Law School, where he studied under Bellamy Storer.  While in Cincinnati, began to question his support for the institution of slavery, a change biographers attribute to Storer's influence. After graduating in 1856, returned to Bloomfield and was admitted to the Iowa bar.  By 1857, he broke with the Democratic party of his father to join the growing coalition that opposed the expansion of slavery, which became the Republican Party.

1857 Appointed Federal Assessor of Internal Revenue
 
1858 Traveled around southern Iowa, giving speeches on behalf of his new party's candidates

1861-1864 Served in Civil War. achieved rank of Brevet Brigadier General

1866 Elected District Attorney Second Iowa Judicial District

Mar 4 1879-Mar 3 1881 U.S. House of Representatives IA

1880 Greenback Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James A Garfield, Winfield Scott Hancock

1882 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives IA, lost

Mar 4 1885-Mar 3 1889 U.S. House of Representatives IA

1888 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives IA, lost

1891 Helped found People's Party "Populists"

1892 People's Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison

1896 Supported Democratic Party candidate William Jennings Bryan for President U.S.

Barzillai J Chambers TX Greenback

Surveyor, Lawyer, Politician

Became a lawyer in 1860, but never developed a sizable law practice

After the election of Republican Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States in 1860, Chambers, a Democrat, served on two committees in Navarro County that drafted resolutions opposed to Lincoln and racial equality

1864 Civil War, enlisted for six months in the 1st Regiment of Texas State Troops, Confederate Army, but saw no action

1880 Greenback Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James B Weaver, lost

Neal S Dow ME Temperance, Whig, Prohibition, Republican

1827 Founding member ME Temperance Society

Before 1837 a leader of the splitting off of the Maine Temperance Union over the issue of whether wine should still be allowed—the Union was for total abstinence

Apr 24 1851-Apr 24 1852 Mayor Portland, ME

1852 Lost reelection for Mayor Portland, ME

1854 Lost reelection for Mayor Portland, ME

1855 Reelected Mayor Portland, ME, supported openly by Republican Party and secretly by Know Nothing Party

Apr 24 1855-Apr 24 1856 Mayor Portland, ME

1861-1864, Colonel Civil War, United States Army, Union Army, rank of Brigadier General

1865 Co-founded National Temperance Society with James Black

1880 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James A Garfield

Helped engineer Republican Party's rise to dominance in ME that lasted for most of a century from 1855 to 1955

Henry Adams Thompson OH Prohibition

A noted prohibitionist

1858 Graduated from Jefferson College, now Washington & Jefferson College, with a bachelor's degree, and studied for two years at the Western Theological seminary, now Pittsburgh Theological Seminary

1861 Appointed professor of mathematics at Western College, now Leander Clark College, a United Brethren-affiliated college in Shueyville, Iowa, and taught there for one year

1862-1866 Taught mathematics and natural science at Otterbein University in Westerville, OH

1867-1871 Superintendent of schools in Troy, Ohio

1871 Returned to teaching, serving again as a mathematics professor in Westfield College

1872-1886 President Otterbein University

Had identified with the Republican Party since its founding in the 1850s, but in 1874 he left it to join the new Prohibition Party  

1874 Prohibition Party candidate in special election for U.S. House of Representatives OH, as well as for the election for the full term that would follow, lost both

1876 Served as chairman of the Prohibition National Convention

1880 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Neal S Dow, lost

1900 Union Reform Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, OH, lost

1908 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, OH, lost

1910 Prohibition Party candidate  for Governor OH, lost

Final attempt at election U.S. House of Representatives, Indiana, lost

John W Phelps VT American Party/Anti-Masonic Party

Appointed to United States Military Academy on July 1, 1832, and graduated on July 1, 1836, with the brevet rank of Second Lieutenant

1836–1859, 1861–1862 United States Army, Union Army
Achieved rank of Brigadier General United States Army
Served in Seminole Wars, Mexican-American War, Utah War, Civil War

1863-1885 Vice President VT Historical Society

1865-1885 President VT Temperance Association

1880 American Party/Anti-Masonic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to James A Garfield


Samuel C Pomeroy KS Republican, American Party/Anti-Masonic Party

1852-1853 MA State House of Representatives

1858-1859 Mayor Atchison, KS

Apr 4 1861-Mar 3 1873 U.S. Senate KS

1864 Became President Atchison Topeka and Santa Fe Railroad

1864 Chair of a committee supporting Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase for the Republican nomination for President U.S. over Abraham Lincoln

1873 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. Senate KS

1880 American Party/Anti-Masonic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John W Phelps, lost

1884 American Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

Aug 27 1884 Pomeroy and running mate John A Conant CT withdrew from Presidential election and endorsed Prohibition Party ticket John St John KS and William Daniel MD


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 23, 2013, 12:23:26 am
1884

Grover Cleveland NY Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

=====
Was distantly related to General Moses Cleaveland after whom the city of Cleveland, Ohio, was named

Father of Richard F Cleveland, 1918 joined the U.S. diplomatic corps and served for six months in Beijing (then still called "Peking") as military attache at the U.S. legation, 1967 served as a delegate to the Maryland Constitutional Convention
=====

1854 An elder in his church offered to pay for his college education if he would promise to become a minister, Cleveland declined

Took a clerkship with the the law firm Rogers, Bowen, and Rogers, Buffalo, NY, began to read the law, and was admitted to the bar in 1859

With the American Civil War raging, Congress passed the Conscription Act of 1863, requiring able-bodied men to serve in the army if called upon, or else to hire a substitute. Cleveland chose the latter course, paying George Benninsky, a thirty-two year-old Polish immigrant, $150 to serve in his place.

1863 Appointed Assistant District Attorney Erie County, NY

1865 Candidate for District Attorney Erie County, NY, lost

1871-1872 Sheriff Erie County, NY

Jan 3 1882-Nov 20 1882 Mayor Buffalo, NY

Jan 1 1883-Jan 6 1885 Governor NY

1884 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected, defeating James G Blaine

Mar 4 1885-Mar 4 1889  22nd President U.S.

1888 Democratic Party candidate for reelection President U.S., defeated, losing to Benjamin Harrison

1892 Democratic Party candidate for reelection President U.S., elected, defeating Benjamin Harrison

Mar 4 1893-Mar 4 1897 24th President U.S.

The only President to serve two non-consecutive terms, 1885–1889 and 1893–1897, and to be counted twice in the numbering of the Presidents. He was the winner of the popular vote for President three times, 1884, 1888, and 1892, and was one of the two Democrats, alongside Woodrow Wilson, elected to the Presidency in the era of Republican political domination dating from 1861 to 1933.

1896 Candidate for National Democratic (Gold Democrats) Presidential nomination, lost to John M Palmer

Post Presidency

For a time Trustee of Princeton University

Consulted occasionally with President Theodore Roosevelt, 1901–1909, but was financially unable to accept the chairmanship of the commission handling the Coal Strike of 1902. Cleveland still made his views known in political matters. In a 1905 article in The Ladies Home Journal, Cleveland weighed in on the women's suffrage movement, which he did not support.

1906 A group of New Jersey Democrats promoted Cleveland as a possible candidate for the United States Senate from New Jersey. Cleveland declined the offer.

First Lady of the United States

Grover Cleveland entered office as a bachelor. His sister, Rose Cleveland, served as White House hostess 1885-1886. He married Frances Cornelia Folsom on June 2, 1886, who became First Lady Frances Cleveland 1886-1889, and again 1893-1897, in Cleveland's second term.

Attended Wells College in Aurora, New York.

Frances Folsom, age 21, married President Grover Cleveland, age 49, on June 2, 1886, at the White House. This was the only time the President married in the Executive Mansion.

Thomas A Hendricks IN Democratic

1841 Graduated from Hanover College, pursued classical studies

After college read law with Judge Stephen Major in Shelbyville, took an eight-month law course at a school in Chambersburg, PA, that was operated by his uncle, Judge Alexander Thomson. Returned to Indiana, was admitted to bar 1843, began private law practice in Shelbyville.

1848 IN State House of Representatives

1848 Speaker IN State House of Representatives

1851 Delegate IN Constitutional Convention

Mar 4 1851-Mar 4 1855 U.S. House of Representatives IN

1854 Defeated for re-election U.S. House of Representatives IN

1855-1859 Commissioner General Land Office in Washington DC

1860 Candidate Governor IN, lost

Mar 4 1863-Mar 4 1869 U.S. Senate IN

1868 Candidate Governor IN, lost

1872 During Presidential election 1872, Democrats supported and subsequently nominated the Liberal Republican candidate, Horace Greeley. When Greeley died only days after the election, but before the Electoral College cast their ballots, 42 of 63 Democratic electors previously pledged to Greeley voted for Hendricks.

Jan 13 1873-Jan 8 1877 Governor IN

1876 Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with Samuel J Tilden, lost in disputed election

1884 Candidate Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

1884 Chairman IN delegation Democratic National Convention

1884 Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. with Grover Cleveland, elected

Mar 4 1885-Nov 25 1885 21st Vice President U.S. with Grover Cleveland.  Hendricks died in office.

Second Lady of the United States Eliza Hendricks 1885

Eliza Hendricks was described as "generous, wise and discreet".




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 23, 2013, 08:59:34 pm
1884 Continued

James G Blaine ME Republican

=====
Father of Walker Blaine, After law school joined the law office of Senator Cushman Kellogg Davis, Republican, Maine in Saint Paul, Minnesota, 1881 Blaine's father became U.S. Secretary of State, Blaine's father named him Third Assistant Secretary of State, with Blaine holding this office from 1881-1882, following the death of Garfield and the resignation of the older Blaine, President Chester A. Arthur appointed Walker Blaine assistant counsel of the United States for the Court of Commissioners of Alabama Claims. Blaine held this office until the court's abolition on Jan 1, 1886, 1889 Blaine's father became Secretary of State for the second time and James G. Blaine again secured a position for Walker Blaine in the United States Department of State, this time as Solicitor of the Department of State.
=====

1847 Considered attending law school at Yale Law School, but ultimately decided against it, instead moving west to find a job

1848 Hired as a professor of mathematics and ancient languages at the Western Military Institute in Georgetown, Kentucky

Grew to enjoy life in his adopted state and became an admirer of Kentucky Senator Henry Clay

Once again considered taking up the study of law

Philadelphia's law libraries gave Blaine the chance to at last begin to study the law, but in 1853
became editor and co-owner of the Kennebec Journal

The decision to become a newspaperman started Blaine on the road to a lifelong career in politics

Blaine became co-owner of the Journal with John L Stevens, a local minister, and their partnership coincided with the demise of the Whig party and birth of the Republican party, and Blaine and Stevens actively promoted the new party in their newspaper

1856 Delegate to first Republican National Convention

1857 Returned to Maine

1858-1862 ME State House of Representatives

1861-1862 Speaker ME State House of Representatives

Mar 4 1863-Jul 10 1876 U.S. House of Representatives ME

Mar 4 1869-Mar 4 1875 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

Jul 10 1876-Mar 5 1881 U.S. Senate ME

1880 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to James A Garfield

It was to Blaine and his delegates that Garfield owed his nomination. When Garfield was elected President, he turned to Blaine to guide him in selection of his cabinet and offered him the preeminent position, U.S. Secretary of State, which Blaine accepted, resigning from the Senate on Mar 5, 1881.

Mar 7 1881-Dec 19 1881 U.S. Secretary of State under James A Garfield

1882 Declined to run for U.S. Congress

1884 Republican Party candidate President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

Mar 7 1889-Jun 4 1892 U.S. Secretary of State under Benjamin Harrison

1892 Encouraged by his supporters to run for 1892 Republican nomination for President U.S. though he denied any interest, but diehard Blaine delegates still gave him enough votes for him to finish in second place

Of the nine men the Republican Party nominated for the Presidency of the United States from 1860 to 1912, Blaine is the only one who never became President

John A Logan IL  Democratic, Republican

1815 His parents emancipated their slaves and moved to Chillicothe, Ohio

Studied law as an apprentice to his uncle, William Allen, who became a U.S. Senator from Ohio in 1837

1834  Became private secretary to Governor of Ohio, Democrat Robert Lucas

1835 Admitted to the Ohio bar and became his uncle's law partner

1846-1848 Second Lieutenant Mexican-American War

1851 Graduated from the Law Department of the University of Louisville 1851 and practiced law

1853-1854 IL State House of Representatives

1856 Prosecuting Attorney Third Judicial District IL

1857 IL State House of Representatives

Mar 4 1859-Apr 2 1862 U.S. House of Representatives IL, Democrat

1861-1865 Major General American Civil War

1864 Returned to IL for elections but resigned army afterwards

Mar 4 1867-Mar 3 1871 U.S. House of Representatives IL, Republican

1868 In the U.S. House of Representatives, was one of the managers in the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson

1868-1871 Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic and helped lead the call for creation of Memorial Day, originally called Decoration Day, as a national public holiday

Member of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States, a military society which was composed of officers who had served in the Union armed forces during the American Civil War

Mar 4 1871-Mar 3 1877 U.S. Senate IL

Mar 4 1879-Dec 26 1886 U.S. Senate IL

His war record and his great personal following, especially among members of the Grand Army of the Republic, contributed to his nomination for Vice President U.S. in 1884 on the ticket with James G Blaine

1884 Republican Party candidate Vice President U.S. with James G Blaine, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 26, 2013, 10:21:20 pm
1884 Continued

John St John KS Republican, Prohibition

Civil War Lieutenant Colonel Union Army

1873 KS State Senate, Republican

Jan 13 1879-Jan 8 1883 Governor KS, Republican

1884 Candidate Prohibition Party for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

William Daniel MD Prohibition

Graduated from Dickinson College, studied law, and began practicing law in Maryland in 1851

1857 Elected MD State Legislature

1872 Chosen head of Maryland Temperance Alliance upon its formation

1884 Candidate Prohibition Party for Vice President U.S. with John St John, lost

Benjamin Franklin Butler MA Democratic, Republican, Greenback, Anti-Masonic

Attended Waterville, now Colby College in pursuit of his mother's wish that he prepare for the ministry, but eventually rebelled against the idea. In 1836 Butler sought permission to go instead to West Point for a military education, but did not receive one of the few places available. He continued his studies at Waterville, where he sharpened his rhetorical skills in theological discussions, and began to adopt Democratic political views. He graduated in August 1838.

Returned to Lowell, where he clerked and read law as an apprentice with a local lawyer. He was admitted to the Massachusetts bar in 1840, and opened a practice in Lowell. He quickly gained a reputation as a dogged criminal defense lawyer who seized on every misstep of his opposition to gain victories for his clients, and also became a specialist in bankruptcy law. His trial work was so successful that it received regular press coverage, and Benjamin expanded his practice into Boston.

1853 MA State House of Representatives, Democratic

1859 MA State Senate, Democratic

1848, 1852, 1856, 1860 Delegate to Democratic National Convention

1861-1865 Major General Union Army, American Civil War

Mar 4 1867-Mar 4 1875 U.S.  House of Representatives, Republican

Mar 4 1877-Mar 4 1879 U.S. House of Representatives, Republican

1878 Candidate for Governor MA, lost

1879 Candidate for Governor MA, lost, Democratic and Greenback

Jan 4 1883-Jan 3 1884 Governor MA, Democratic

1884 Candidate Greenback Party/Anti-Masonic Party for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

Absolom M West MS, Whig, Democratic, Greenback, Anti-Masonic

1847 Elected MS State Senate

Civil War Brigadier General MS State Militia

Assumed various administrative office for the state, Quarter Master-General, Paymaster-General, Commissary-General

After 1864 President Mississippi Central Railroad

After Civil War Mississippi Central Railroad sold to Illinois Central Railroad

After Civil War returned to MS State Senate

After Civil War elected to U.S. House of Representatives, MS, although he, along with the rest of the unreconstructed Mississippi delegation, was not permitted to be seated

In the years that followed, established a branch of  National Labor Union

1876 Democratic Elector for President

Reelected MS State Senate

Joined Greenback Party

1884 Candidate Greenback Party/Anti-Masonic Party for Vice President U.S., with Benjamin Franklin Butler, lost

Samuel C Pomeroy KS American Prohibition Party

1884 American Prohibition candidate for President U.S.  

Ticket withdrew from Presidential election Aug 27 1884 and endorsed Prohibition Party ticket of John St John, KS and William Daniel, MD See 1880

John A Conant CT American Prohibition Party

1884 American Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Samuel C Pomeroy

Ticket withdrew from Presidential election Aug 27 1884 and endorsed Prohibition Party ticket of John St John, KS and William Daniel, MD

Belva Ann Lockwood Washington DC, National Equal Rights Party

Attorney, politician, educator, author, suffragist

Worked to equalize pay for women in education

Supported movement for world peace

Proponent of temperance

Graduated from law school in Washington, D.C.

Became one of the first female lawyers in U.S. 1879 successfully petitioned Congress to be allowed to practice before the United States Supreme Court

1879 legislation signed into law by Benjamin Harrison

Became the first woman lawyer to argue a case before the U.S. Supreme Court

Was a well respected writer, who frequently wrote essays about women's suffrage and the need for legal equality for women. Among the publications in which she appeared in the 1880s and 1890s were Cosmopolitan (then a journal of current issues), the American Magazine of Civics, Harper's Weekly, and Lippincott's. In addition to being active in the National American Woman Suffrage Association and the Equal Rights Party, she participated in the National Women's Press Association. The organization for women journalists also advocated for equal rights for women.
 
Believed strongly in working for world peace, belonged to the Universal Peace Union, one of its representatives at an exposition in Paris in 1889, a delegate to an International Peace Congress in London, continued to speak on behalf of peace and disarmament to the year of her death

First woman (or second, depending on one's opinion, after Victoria Woodhull) to run for President U.S.

1884 National Equal Rights Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

1888 National Equal Rights Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Benjamin Harrison

Marietta Stow CA National Equal Rights Party, Woman Suffragists Party

American suffragist

1869 Replaced Elizabeth Schenck as president of the San Francisco Women's Suffrage Association after Schenck became sick

1880 Nominated by the Greenback Party to be the San Francisco School Director

A year after accepting this nomination she formed the Women's Independent Political Party. This new party allowed for women to be further involved in politics and it was a way for them to gain confidence and experience. Stow believed it was vital that women have their own party, but she was still a supporter of the Greenback Party and its candidates.

1882 Ran for Governor of California  as the Women's Independent Political Party candidate, lost

1884 Chairperson Equal Rights Party National Convention, the first woman to preside over a national nominating convention

1884 She and Clara S. Foltz nominated Belva Ann Lockwood for President U.S., National Equal Rights Party

1884 National Equal Rights Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Belva Ann Lockwood, lost

1892 National Woman Suffragists Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Victoria Woodhull, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 27, 2013, 08:01:33 pm
1888

Benjamin Harrison IN Whig, Republican

=====
Great grandson of Benjamin Harrison V, a delegate to the Continental Congress, 1774–1777, who signed the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Virginia 1781-1784, during and after the American Revolutionary War

Grandson of William Henry Harrison, Secretary of Northwest Territory 1798-1799, U.S. House of Representatives Northwest Territory at large 1799-1800, Governor Indiana Territory 1801-1812, U.S. House of Representatives Ohio 1816-1819, U.S. Senate Ohio 1825-1828, U.S. Minister to Colombia 1828-1829, President U.S. 1841    

Nephew of Carter Bassett Harrison, a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, 1784–1786 and 1805–1808, member U.S. House of Representatives VA 1793-1799
=====

Harrison was seven years old when his grandfather, William Henry Harrison, was elected President U.S., but he did not attend the inauguration

Having grown up in a Whig household, he favored that party's politics while young

1847 Enrolled in Farmer's College near Cincinnati, Ohio. Attended the college for two years.

1850 Transferred to Miami University in Oxford, Ohio and graduated in 1852 with a law degree. He joined the fraternity Phi Delta Theta, which he used as a network for much of his life. He was also a member of Delta Chi, a law fraternity which permitted dual membership. Classmates included John Alexander Anderson, who became a six-term congressman, and Whitelaw Reid who ran as Harrison's Vice Presidential candidate in his Presidential reelection campaign. At Miami, Harrison was strongly influenced by history and political economy professor Robert Hamilton Bishop.

1892 Republican Presidential nominee Benjamin Harrison and Republican Vice Presidential nominee Whitelaw Reid are the only two candidates on the same ticket who are alumni of the same university, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio

1856 Joined Republican Party after its formation

1856 Campaigned for Republican Presidential candidate John C Fremont

1856 Elected Indianapolis, IN City Attorney

1860 Elected Reporter Indiana Supreme Court

1862–1865 Union Army Rank Colonel, Brevet Brigadier General, American Civil War

1864 Reelected Reporter Indiana Supreme Court  

1864 Appointed by President Ulysses S Grant to represent federal government in a civil claim

Local Republicans urged Harrison to run for Congress

1872 Candidate for Republican nomination for Governor IN, lost

Continued to make speeches for Republican candidates and policies

1876 Original Republican candidate for Governor IN dropped out of race, Harrision accepted Republicans invitation to become replacement candidate for Governor, IN, lost

1877 During great railroad strike helped mediate between workers and management to preserve public order

1878 When Senator Morton died in 1878, Republicans nominated Harrison to run for the seat, but the party failed to gain a majority in the state legislature and a Democrat was chosen for the seat

1879 Appointed by President James A Garfield to Mississippi River Commission

1880 Delegate to Republican National Convention. Harrison was thought to have been instrumental in breaking a deadlock on candidates. James A. Garfield won the nomination.

Mar 4 1881-Mar 4 1887 U.S. Senate IN

Offered cabinet position by James A Garfield administration. Harrison declined as he preferred to remain serving as a U.S. Senator

1886 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. Senate IN

Returned to Indianapolis and law practice but stayed active in state and national politics

1888 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected, defeating President Grover Cleveland

Mar 4 1889-Mar 4 1893 23rd President U.S.

1889 Elected honorary member Pennsylvania Society of the Cincinnati

Veteran companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and an honorary companion of the Military Order of Foreign Wars

1892 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., defeated, losing to former President Grover Cleveland

After leaving office Harrison visited the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in June 1893, where the nation's first commemorative postage was introduced, an initiative of his Postmaster General, John Wanamaker

1896 Some friends in Republican Party tried to convince Harrison to seek Republican Presidential nomination, declined to run

1896 Supported William McKinley the Republican nominee for President U.S. and traveled the nation in support

1895-1901 Board of Trustees of Purdue University

Wrote a series of articles about the Federal government and the Presidency which were republished in 1897 as a book titled This Country of Ours

1899 Attended the First Peace Conference at The Hague

1900 Served as an attorney for the Republic of Venezuela in their boundary dispute with the United Kingdom. The two nations disputed the border between Venezuela and British Guiana. An international trial was agreed upon and the Venezuelan government hired Harrison to represent them in the case. He filed an 800-page brief for them and traveled to Paris where he spent more than 25 hours arguing in court. Although he lost the case, his legal arguments won him international renown.

First Lady of the United States

Caroline Harrison died while her husband, Benjamin Harrison, was still in office, was First Lady 1889-1892. Their daughter Mary Harrison McKee acted as White House hostess for the remainder of his incumbency, 1892-1893.

Caroline Harrison enrolled in Oxford Female Institute, studying English literature, theater, art, and painting. In her senior year in 1852, she joined the faculty as an Assistant in Piano Music.

Levi P Morton NY Republican

=====
Younger brother of David O Morton, A Democrat, served on Toledo Ohio City Council, City Attorney, Mayor of Toledo 1849-1850, appointed a Master Commissioner in Chancery for the courts of Lucas County. In 1852 and 1853 was one of three Commissioners on Practice and Pleadings, appointed United States Attorney for the District of Ohio in 1854 by Franklin Pierce. In 1855, the district was divided into Northern and Southern Districts, and Morton became Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio, serving until 1857.
=====

Left school early and worked as a clerk in a general store in Enfield, Massachusetts, taught school in Boscawen, New Hampshire, engaged in mercantile pursuits in Hanover, New Hampshire, moved to Boston, entered the dry-goods business in New York City, and engaged in banking there

1876 Republican candidate U.S. House of Representatives NY, lost

1878 Appointed by President Rutherford B Hayes as honorary commissioner to Paris Exhibition

Mar 4 1879-Mar 21 1881 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1880 Republican Presidential nominee, James A. Garfield, asked Morton to be his Vice Presidential running mate, but Morton declined the offer. If he had accepted and history continued on the same course, Morton would have become the 21st President, instead of Chester A. Arthur, after Garfield's assassination.  He asked to be appointed Minister to Britain or France instead.

Mar 21 1881-May 14 1885 U.S. Minister to France

1888 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Benjamin Harrison, elected
 
Mar 4 1889-Mar 4 1893 22nd Vice President U.S. under Benjamin Harrison

When Harrison was re-nominated for the Presidency in 1892, Morton was not chosen again as Harrison's Vice Presidential running mate, as Whitelaw Reid was instead selected

Jan 1 1895-Dec 31 1896 Governor NY

1896 Was considered for the Republican Presidential nomination but the Party chose William McKinley

Second Lady of the United States Anna Morton 1889-1893

Often handled entertaining duties for the administration due to First Lady Caroline Harrison's illness and ultimate death.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 28, 2013, 09:03:17 pm
1888 Continued

Grover Cleveland NY Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1884

Allen G Thurman OH Democratic

=====
Nephew of William Allen, U.S. House of Representatives OH 1833-1835, U.S. Senate OH 1837-1849, Governor OH 1874-1876
=====

Studied law as an apprentice to his uncle, William Allen

1834 Private Secretary to Governor of OH, Democrat Robert Lucas

1835 Admitted to the Ohio bar and became his uncle's law partner

Mar 4 1845-Mar 3 1847 U.S. House of Representatives OH

Feb 9 1852-Dec 4 1854 Associate Justice OH Supreme Court

Dec 4 1854-Feb 9 1856  Chief Justice OH Supreme Court

1860 Supported Democrat Stephen A Douglas for President U.S.

1867 Democratic candidate Governor OH, lost to Rutherford B Hayes

Mar 4 1869-Mar 4 1881 U.S. Senate OH

1876-1877 In the 1876–1877 electoral college crisis, Rutherford B Hayes vs Samuel J Tilden, Thurman helped to arrive at the solution of creating the Electoral Commission to settle the controversy, and ultimately served as one of the members of the commission, as one of the five Senators, one of the two Senate Democrats, and one of the seven Democrats altogether

Aug 15 1879-Dec 5 1880 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate.  As President Pro Tempore of U.S. Senate, served as President of U.S. Senate because of the illness of Vice President William A Wheeler.

1880 Failed to gain re-election to U.S. Senate

Appointed by President James A Garfield as American representative to International Monetary Conference in Paris, France

1880 Name was put forward as OH favorite son candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination

1884 Name was put forward as OH favorite son candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination

1888 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Grover Cleveland, lost

When Cleveland was re-nominated for his successful re-election to the Presidency in 1892, Thurman was not chosen again as Cleveland's Vice Presidential running mate, as Adlai E. Stevenson I was instead selected



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 30, 2013, 07:55:28 pm
1888 Continued

Clinton B Fisk NJ Prohibition Party

Established Fisk University, which is named after him

An abolitionist

1862-1865, Served  in American Civil War, reached rank of Brigadier General

A leader in temperance movement

Post Civil War Appointed Assistant Commissioner of the Freed Men's Bureau for Kentucky and Tennessee

1874 Appointed by President Ulysses S Grant to Board of Indian Commissioners

1888 Candidate for President U.S. Prohibition Party, lost to Benjamin Harrison

John A Brooks MO Prohibition Party

Noted religious scholar and prohibitionist

1888 Candidate for Vice President U.S., Prohibition Party with Clinton B Fisk, lost

Alson Streeter IL Democratic, Greenback, Union Labor Party

Attended Knox College in Illinois

Became a miner and farmer

1873-1874 IL State House of Representatives, Democrat

1880 Candidate for Governor IL Greenback Party, lost

1885-1888 IL State Senate, Democrat

1888 Candidate for President U.S., Union Labor Party, lost to Benjamin Harrison

Samuel Evans Union Labor Party

1888 Nominated as candidate for Vice President U.S., Union Labor Party with Alson Streeter, declined nomination, replaced by Charles E Cunningham

Charles E Cunningham AR Union Labor Party

Lumberman and sawmill operator in Little Rock, AR

1873-1877 Served on the board of the Little Rock, AR School District  

1888 Candidate for Vice President U.S., Union Labor Party with Alson Streeter, lost

Robert Hall Cowdrey IL United Labor Party

1888 Candidate for President U.S., United Labor Party, lost to Benjamin Harrison

William HT Wakefield United Labor Party

1888 Candidate for Vice President U.S., United Labor Party with Robert Hall Cowdrey, lost

James Langdon Curtis NY American Party (Anti-Masonic Party)

Merchant, founder of New Jersey Zinc Works, lawyer

Colonel, 9th Rgiment, New York State Militia, put down Flour Riot of 1837

1888 Candidate for President U.S., American Party (Anti-Masonic Party), lost to Benjamin Harrison

Peter D Wigginton CA American Party (Anti-Masonic Party)

Completed preparatory studies and attended the University of Wisconsin–Madison. Studied law.  Admitted to the bar in 1859 and practiced law

Editor of the Dodgeville, Wisconsin, Advocate. Moved to Snelling, California, in 1862, and continued the practice of law

1864-1868 District Attorney Merced County CA

Mar 4 1875-Mar 3 1877 U.S. House of Representatives CA

Feb 7 1878-Mar 3 1879 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1888 Candidate for Vice President U.S., American Party (Anti-Masonic Party) with James Langdon Curtis, lost

Belva Ann Lockwood Washington DC National Equal Rights Party candidate for President U.S. See 1884

Alfred H Love PA National Equal Rights Party

1866 Founded Universal Peace Union in Providence, Rhode Island and served as its president until his death in 1913

Tried to support gaining justice for American Indian tribes in the West, who were being forced off traditional lands onto reservations, often located hundreds of miles distant from their old territories

1875 met with Alfred B. Meacham, a member of the peace commission to end the Modoc War, and members of the Modoc people, including Toby Riddle and Frank Riddle, who were on a national lecture tour

1888 Nominated as candidate for Vice President U.S., National Equal Rights Party with Belva Ann Lockwood, except when he was nominated he wasn't informed of it. When he found out, as the president of the Universal Peace Union and a lifelong world peace activist, he was horrified to run as Vice President to the Commander in Chief, and dropped out of the race, replaced by Charles Stuart Weld.

1906 nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize by eight United States Senators and Hannis Taylor

Tried to support gaining justice for American Indian tribes in the West, who were being forced off traditional lands onto reservations, often located hundreds of miles distant from their old territories. In 1875 he met with Alfred B. Meacham, a member of the peace commission to end the Modoc War, and members of the Modoc people, including Toby Riddle and Frank Riddle, who were on a national lecture tour.

Charles Stuart Weld NY National Equal Rights Party

=====
Son of prominent progressives Theodore Dwight Weld and Angelina Grimke

Theodore Dwight Weld was one of the architects of the American abolitionist movement during its formative years from 1830 through 1844, playing a role as writer, editor, speaker, and organizer. He is best known for his co-authorship of the authoritative compendium American Slavery As It Is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses, published in 1839. Harriet Beecher Stowe partly based Uncle Tom’s Cabin on Weld's text and it is regarded as second only to that work in its influence on the antislavery movement. Weld remained dedicated to the abolitionist movement until slavery was ended by the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1865. Weld was influenced to join the abolitionist movement by retired British army officer Charles Stuart at Western Reserve College.

Angelina Emily Grimké Weld was an American political activist, women's rights advocate, supporter of the women's suffrage movement, and besides her sister, Sarah Moore Grimké, the only known white Southern woman to be a part of the abolition movement. While she was raised a Southerner, she spent her entire adult life living in the North. The time of her greatest fame was between 1836, when a letter she sent to William Lloyd Garrison was published in his anti-slavery newspaper, The Liberator, and May 1838, when she gave a courageous and brilliant speech to abolitionists gathered in Philadelphia, with a hostile crowd throwing stones and shouting outside the hall. The essays and speeches she produced in that two-year period were incisive arguments to end slavery and to advance women's rights.
=====

Was named after prominent abolitionist, retired British army officer Charles Stuart

1888 Candidate for Vice President U.S., National Equal Rights Party with Belva Ann Lockwood, lost

Replaced Alfred H Love who had earlier withdrawn as the Vice Presidential nominee



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 30, 2013, 10:31:19 pm
1892  

Grover Cleveland NY Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1884

Adlai E Stevenson I IL Democratic

=====
Father of Lewis G Stevenson
Appointed Secretary of State of Illinois, serving 1914-1917
Was considered a strong contender for Democratic Vice Presidential nomination in 1928

Grandfather of Adlai E Stevenson II
1933 Special Attorney and assistant to Jerome Frank, the general counsel of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) a part of Franklin D Roosevelt’s New Deal
1934 Chief Attorney for the Federal Alcohol Control Administration (FACA), a subsidiary of the AAA which regulated the activities of the alcohol industry
1935 Chairman of the Chicago branch of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (known often as the White Committee, after its founder, William Allen White)
1940-1945 Principal Attorney and Special Assistant to Colonel Frank Knox, U.S. Secretary of the Navy
1945 Took a temporary position in the State Department as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State to work with Assistant Secretary of State Archibald MacLeish on a proposed world organization
1945 Went to London as Deputy United States Delegate to the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations Organization, a position he held until February 1946. When the head of the delegation fell ill, Stevenson assumed his role. His work at the Commission, and in particular his dealings with the representatives of the Soviet Union, resulted in appointments to the US delegations to the UN in 1946 and 1947.
1949-1953 Governor IL
1952 Democratic Party candidate President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower
1956 Democratic Party candidate President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower
1961-1965 U.S. Ambassador to United Nations, under John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson

Great Grandfather of Adlai E Stevenson III
Clerk for a Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court 1957-1958, Illinois State House of Representatives 1965-1967, Illinois State Treasurer 1967–1970, U.S. Senator from Illinois 1970–1981, was encouraged to run for President U.S. in 1976 by Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago, declined, was one of the finalists for the Democratic Party Vice Presidential nomination U.S. in 1976 at the Democratic National Convention, Vice Presidential nomination went to Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale  
=====

Attended Illinois Wesleyan University at Bloomington and ultimately graduated from Centre College, in Danville, Kentucky

Became a lawyer. Admitted to Illinois state bar in 1858 at age 23. As a young lawyer, he encountered such Illinois attorneys as Stephen A. Douglas and Abraham Lincoln. In the 1858 Senate race between Lincoln and Douglas, Stevenson campaigned for Douglas and became a Democrat. He also made speeches against the "Know-Nothing" movement, a group opposed to immigrants and Catholics.

During Civil War Appointed Master in Chancery (an aide in a Court of Equity)

1864 Presidential Elector for Democratic ticket

1864-1868 District Attorney

Mar 4 1875-Mar 3 1877 U.S. House of Representatives IL

1876 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives

Mar 4 1879-Mar 3 1881 U.S. House of Representatives IL, Democratic and Greenback

1880 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives

1882 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives

1884 Delegate to Democratic National Convention, after briefly supporting a local candidate,  threw his support behind Grover Cleveland for Presidential nomination

1885-1889 First Assistant Postmaster General in Grover Cleveland administration

1888 Nominated as Associate Justice Supreme Court for District of Columbia, defeated for confirmation

1892 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Grover Cleveland, won

Mar 4 1893-Mar 4 1897 23rd  Vice President U.S. with Grover Cleveland

1900 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan, lost

First ex-Vice President to win renomination for that post with a different Presidential candidate

1908 Candidate for Governor IL, lost

Second Lady of the United States Letitia Stevenson 1893-1897

A descendant of Joshua Fry, surveyor, adventurer, mapmaker, soldier, and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, the legislature of the colony of Virginia.

Benjamin Harrison IN Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1888

Whitelaw Reid NY Republican

Attended Xenia Academy and went on to graduate from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, with honors in 1856

1892 Republican Presidential nominee Benjamin Harrison and Republican Vice Presidential nominee Whitelaw Reid are the only two candidates on the same ticket who are alumni of the same university, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio

Longtime editor New York Tribune

Close friend of Horace Greeley, 1872 Liberal Republican Party and Democratic Party candidate for President U.S.  

1872 A leader of the Liberal Republican movement

Mar 23 1889-Mar 25 1892 U.S. Ambassador to France

1892 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Benjamin Harrison, lost

1898 Member of Peace Commission following Spanish-American War

Mar 8 1905-Dec 15 1912 U.S. Ambassador to United Kingdom, died in office


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on October 30, 2013, 10:36:35 pm
1892 Continued

James B Weaver IA Populist (People's Party) candidate for President U.S. See 1880

James G Field VA Populist (People's Party)

Engaged in mercantile pursuits at Fairfax, Virginia, and subsequently taught school

1850 Studied law with his uncle, Judge Richard H. Field, and was admitted to the bar in 1852

Civil War Rank of Major

1848 Clerk Pay Department U.S. Army

1850 Secretary of convention that framed first constitution of state of California

1859-1861 VA Attorney for Culpepper County

1877-1882 Attorney General VA

1892 Populist (People's Party) candidate for Vice President U.S. with James B Weaver, lost

John Bidwell CA Democratic, Republican, Prohibition

John Bidwell and Annie Kennedy were married April 16, 1868 in Washington, D.C. with then President Andrew Johnson and future President Ulysses S. Grant among the guests. Upon arrival in Chico, CA, the Bidwells used their mansion extensively for entertainment of friends. Some of the guests who visited Bidwell Mansion were President Rutherford B. Hayes, General William T. Sherman, Susan B. Anthony, Frances Willard, Governor Leland Stanford, John Muir, Joseph Dalton Hooker and Asa Gray

Major in Mexican-American War

1849 CA State Senate

1850 Supervised census of CA

1860 Supervised census of CA

1860 Delegate to Democratic National Convention

1863 Brigadier General CA Militia

1864 Delegate to Republican National Convention

Mar 4 1865-Mar 3 1867 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1875 Anti Monopoly Party candidate Governor CA, lost

1880 Prohibition Party candidate Governor CA, lost

1888 Presided over Prohibitiion Party state convention

1892 Prohibitiion Party candidate President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

James Cranfill TX Prohibition

Noted religious figure and prohibitionist

1892 Prohibition Party candidate Vice President U.S. with John Bidwell, lost

Simon Wing MA Socialist Labor

Daguerreotypist, camera inventor

Active member Socialist Labor Party of America

1892 First nominee of Socialist Labor Party of America for President U.S., lost to Grover Cleveland

Charles Matchett NY Socialist Labor

Worked at various times in his earlier years as a United States Navy sailor, a clerk, carpenter, and beer bottler, then worked as an electrician

Charter member Brooklyn Nationalist Club, active in campaign to elect Henry George Mayor of New York City

1890 Organizer American Branch No. 1 of Section New York of Socialist Labor Party of America

Influential in bringing many of the New York Nationalists into ranks of the party

1892 First nominee Socialist Labor Party of America for Vice President U.S., with Simon Wing, lost

1894 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor NY, lost

1896 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to William McKinley

1899 Left Socialist Labor Party during the organization's bitter 1899 split and joined the organization headed by Henry Slobodin and Morris Hillquit which merged with the Chicago-based Social Democratic Party of America in the summer of 1901 to form the Socialist Party of America (SPA)

1903 Socialist Party of America candidate New York Court of Appeals, lost

1903 Candidate New York State Assembly, lost

Candidate New York City Council at various times, lost

Victoria Woodhull NY National Woman Suffragists candidate for President U.S. See 1884

Marietta Stow CA National Woman Suffragists candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1884


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 02, 2013, 07:58:35 pm
1896

William McKinley OH Republican

1860 Enrolled at Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania. Remained at Allegheny for only one year returning home in 1860 after becoming ill and depressed. Although his health recovered, family finances declined and McKinley was unable to return to Allegheny.

1861-1865 Rank of Brevet General Civil War, 23rd Ohio Infantry

Last veteran of Civil War to be nominated for President U.S. by either major party

1865 Decided on a career in law and began studying in the office of an attorney in Poland, Ohio
 
1866 Continued his studies by attending Albany Law School in New York. After studying there for less than a year, returned home and was admitted to the bar in Warren, Ohio, in March 1867.

1869-1871 Prosecuting Attorney Stark County, OH

1871 Candidate for reelection Prosecuting Attorney Stark County, OH, lost

1875 Attended Republican convention that nominated Rutherford B Hayes for third term as Governor of OH, campaigned for Hayes in election, won by Hayes

1876 Campaigned for Rutherford B Hayes in Presidential election, won by Hayes

Mar 4 1877-Mar 3 1883 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1880 OH representative on Republican National Committee

1882 Presented his credentials as member-elect to U.S. House of Representatives OH, session 1883-1885, served March 4 1883-May 27 1884. Succeeded by Jonathan H Wallace, who successfully contested his election.

Mar 4 1883-May 27 1884 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1884 Delegate to Republican National Convention  

Mar 4 1885-Mar 3 1891 U.S. House of Representatives OH

1889 Sought election as Speaker of U.S. House of Representatives, lost

1892 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Benjamin Harrison

Jan 11 1892-Jan 13 1896 Governor OH
 
1896 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1900 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., reelected

Mar 4 1897-Sep 14 1901 25th President U.S., assassinated

Shot by Leon Frank Czolgosz., an American anarchist and former steel worker, at the Pan American Exposition in Buffalo NY.  Shot Sep 6 1901, died Sep 14 1901.

First Lady of the United States Ida McKinley 1897-1901

A graduate of Brook Hall Seminary, a finishing school in Media, Pennsylvania.

Garret A Hobart NJ Republican

1863 Graduated from Rutgers College at age 19, finishing third in his class. He received his diploma from Theodore Frelinghuysen, New Jersey's first major party Vice Presidential candidate, who had run unsuccessfully with Henry Clay, the Presidential candidate, in 1844. In later life, Hobart was a generous donor to Rutgers, received an honorary degree after becoming Vice President U.S., and shortly before his death was elected a trustee.

Did not serve in the Union Army

Garret Hobart's father, Addison Hobart, had a childhood friend, lawyer Socrates Tuttle, who offered to take Garret into his office to read law. Tuttle was a prominent Passaic County lawyer who had served in the NJ legislature.

Socrates Tuttle was influential in Paterson, NJ, which worked to Hobart's advantage. According to Michael J Connolly in his 2010 article about Hobart, the future Vice President "benefitted greatly from Tuttle's beneficence". In 1866, the year he became a lawyer, and was admitted to NJ bar, Hobart was appointed grand jury clerk for Passaic County, NJ. When Tuttle became Mayor of Paterson, NJ in 1871, he made Hobart city counsellor-at-law. In 1872, Hobart was made a master in chancery and counsel for the county Board of Chosen Freeholders.

1872-1874 NJ State General Assembly

1874 Speaker NJ State General Assembly

Stepped down after two terms in NJ State General Assembly which was customary

1874 Campaigned for Republican nominee for the seat, Republican nominee won

1876-1882 NJ State Senate

1876-1896 Delegate to every Republican National Convention

1880-1891 Member NJ Republican Committee, resigning as became more involved in Republican National Committee affairs

1881-1882 President NJ State Senate

1883 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate NJ, lost

Regarded as northern NJ's most influential Republican

After 1884 NJ's representative on Republican National Committee, becoming Vice Chairman

1896 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William McKinley, elected

Mar 4 1897-Nov 21 1899 24th Vice President U.S., died in office

Second Lady of the United States Jennie Hobart 1897-1899

As Second Lady of the United States, she often served as White House hostess because the First Lady, Ida McKinley, suffered from epilepsy.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 03, 2013, 09:52:44 pm
1896 Continued

William Jennings Bryan NE Democratic, Populist Party (People's Party)

=====
Son of Silas Bryan, an avid Jacksonian Democrat, member Illinois State Senate 1852-1860,  defeated for re-election 1860. Won election as a state circuit judge.

Older brother of Charles W Bryan, Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. 1924. Charles W Bryan was also Mayor of Lincoln NE 1915-1917, 1935-1937, Governor NE 1923-1925, 1931-1935.

Together they share the distinction of being the only set of brothers to be nominated for national office by a major party
=====

1881 Graduated from Illinois College, graduating as valedictorian

Attended Union Law College (now Northwestern University Law School) in Chicago  

While preparing for the bar exam, taught high school

Practiced law in Jacksonville, IL from 1883 to 1887, then moved to the boom city of Lincoln, Nebraska. In Lincoln, Bryan met James Dahlman and they became lifelong friends. As chairman of the Nebraska Democratic Party, Dahlman would help carry Nebraska for Bryan in two Presidential campaigns. Even when Dahlman became closely associated with Omaha's vice elements, including the breweries as the city's eight-term Mayor, he and Bryan maintained a collegial relationship.

Mar 4 1891-Mar 3 1895 U.S. House of Representatives NE

1894 Ran for U.S. Senate NE but a Republican landslide led to the State Legislature's choice of a Republican for the U.S. Senate NE seat

1896 Democratic Party and Populist Party (People's Party) candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

At age 36 became youngest nominee for President U.S. of any major party in American history

1898 Colonel in Spanish-American War

1900 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

Following his defeat in the election of 1900, Bryan needed money, and his powerful voice and 100% name recognition were assets that could be capitalized. For the next 25 years, Bryan was the most popular speaker on the Chautauqua circuit, delivering thousands of paid speeches on current events in hundreds of towns and cities across the country, even while serving as U.S. Secretary of State.

1908 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

1912 Campaigned for Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., NJ Governor Woodrow Wilson, Wilson elected

Mar 5 1913-Jun 9 1915 U.S. Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson

1916 Campaigned for Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., President Woodrow Wilson, Wilson re-elected

Extremely active in Christian organizations

1920 Refused to support the Democratic Presidential nominee, James M. Cox, because he deemed Cox not "dry" enough

1924 Opposed the "wet" Al Smith, who was a candidate for the Democratic Presidential nomination

1924 Bryan's younger brother, Nebraska Governor Charles W. Bryan, was put on the Democratic Party ticket as candidate for Vice President with Presidential candidate John W. Davis, to keep the Bryanites in line. Bryan was very close to his brother and endorsed him for the Vice Presidency.

After his resignation as Secretary of State, until his death, Bryan became an active promoter of Florida real estate, and lived in the Miami area during the colder months. His promotions, in print, speeches and even radio talks, may have played a role in setting the 1920s Florida real estate boom in motion, and "The Great Commoner" Bryan ironically became rich from his real estate investments. The Florida boom collapsed within months after Bryan's death in 1925.

Cross of Gold Speech

The Cross of Gold speech was delivered by William Jennings Bryan, a former United States Representative from Nebraska, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago on July 9, 1896. In the address, Bryan supported bimetallism or "free silver", which he believed would bring the nation prosperity. He decried the gold standard, concluding the speech, "you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold". Bryan's address helped catapult him to the Democratic Party's Presidential nomination. it is considered one of the greatest political speeches in American history.

William Jennings Bryan was the candidate for President U.S. of both the Democratic Party and the Populist Party (People's Party) in 1896 and had a Vice Presidential running mate from both parties, Arthur Sewall Democratic Party and Thomas E Watson Populist Party (People's Party).  The Democratic ticket of William Jennings Bryan and Arthur Sewall were supported as well by the National Silver Party.

Arthur Sewall ME Democratic

=====
Father of Harold Marsh Sewall, a member of the Maine State House of Representatives 1896, 1903–1907, a delegate to Republican National Convention from Maine 1896, the last United States Minister to Hawaii, arriving in 1897 to the Republic of Hawaii, and returning in 1898 after annexation formed the Territory of Hawaii, a member of Maine State Senate 1907–1909, a candidate for U.S. House of Representatives from Maine 1914, member of Republican National Committee from Maine, 1924

Grandfather of Sumner Sewall, Governor of Maine 1941-1945, a Republican
=====

An exceptionally wealthy and successful shipbuilder and industrialist

A Director of Maine Central Railroad

President of Bath National Bank
 
1888-1896 Member Democratic National Committee

1896 Democratic Party candidate Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan, lost

His selection as Vice Presidential nominee is believed to have been an effort to win votes among conservative and New England members of the party who were disturbed by the populist aspects of William Jennings Bryan

Thomas E Watson GA Democratic, Populist Party (People"s Party )

After attending Mercer University, he did not graduate, family finances forced withdrawal after two years, he became a school teacher

Later studied law and was admitted to the Georgia bar in 1875

1882-1883 GA State Legislature, resigned seat before term expired over matter of principle

1888 Presidential Elector for Democratic Presidential candidate Grover Cleveland

Mar 4 1891-Mar 3 1893 U.S. House of Representatives GA

1892 Lost reelection for U.S. House of Representatives GA

1892 Instrumental in founding of GA Populist Party

1896 Populist Party (People's Party) candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan, lost

1904 Populist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

1908 Populist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

Mar 4 1921-Sep 26 1922 U.S. Senate GA, Democratic, died in office


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 05, 2013, 11:52:58 pm
1896 Continued

John M Palmer IL National Democratic Party (Gold Democrats) candidate for President U.S. See 1872

Simon Bolivar Buckner KY Democratic, National Democratic (Gold Democrats)

1840 Enrolled at the United States Military Academy. In 1844 he graduated eleventh in his class of 25 and was commissioned a brevet second lieutenant in the 2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment. He was assigned to garrison duty at Sackett's Harbor on Lake Ontario until August 28, 1845, when he returned to the Academy to serve as an assistant professor of geography, history, and ethics

Military Service

Allegiance
United States of America
Confederate States of America

Service/branch
United States Army
Kentucky State Guard
Confederate States Army

Years of service
1844 – 1855 (USA)
1858 – 1861 (Kentucky)
1861 – 1865 (CSA)

Rank
Union army Captain (USA)
Union army Major General (Kentucky)
CSA Lieutenant General (CSA)

Commands
Third Corps, Army of Tennessee

Battles/wars
Mexican–American War
American Civil War
Battle of Fort Donelson
Battle of Perryville
Battle of Chickamauga

1867 Urged to run for Governor KY, withdrew his name

1883 Candidate Democratic Party nomination Governor KY, withdrew

1884 Appointed by Governor of KY to Board of Trustees for Kentucky Agricultural and Mechanical College (later University of Kentucky)

Aug 30 1887-Sep 2 1891 Governor KY, Democratic

1890 Delegate to KY Constitutional Convention

1895 Nominated for U.S. Senate KY, withdrew

1896 National Democratic candidate (Gold Democrats) candidate for Vice President U.S. with John M Palmer, lost

Joshua Leavering MD Prohibition ("Narrow Gauge")

A strong supporter of the temperance movement

President of Trustees of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary

Vice President Southern Baptist Convention

Co-founder American Baptist Educational Society

Co-founder Layman's Missionary Movement

1896 Prohibition Party ("Narrow Gauge") candidate President U.S., lost to William McKinley

Hale Johnson IL Prohibition ("Narrow Gauge")

A lawyer by profession

Mayor Newton, IL

Considered one of the most effective, prominent and influential prohibitionists in U.S. of the time

1896 Prohibition Party ("Narrow Gauge") candidate Governor IL, lost

1896 Prohibition Party ("Narrow Gauge") candidate Vice President U.S. with Joshua Leavering, lost

Charles Matchett NY Socialist Labor candidate for President U.S. See 1892

Matthew Maguire NY Socialist Labor

Machinist by trade

1898 Socialist Labor candidate for Governor New Jersey, lost

1896 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. with Charles Matchett, lost

Charles Eugene Bentley NE Republican, Prohibition, National Prohibition ("Broad Gauge")

1866 Moved to Clinton IA, held several local offices

Moved to NE

1880 Started a Baptist church

1884 Split from Republican Party and joined Prohibition Party

1884 Chairman first Prohibition Party convention held in NE

1895-1896 Chairman National Prohibition Party

Candidate twice NE State Legislature, lost

Candidate once U.S. House of Representatives NE, lost

Candidate once U.S. Senate NE, lost

1892 Candidate Governor NE, lost

1896 National Prohibition Party ("Broad Gauge") candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

James Southgate NC Democratic, Prohibition, National Prohibition ("Broad Gauge")

1876-1878 University of North Carolina

Engaged in banking and insurance business  

Served as president of the YMCA of North Carolina

Served as treasurer of the State Sunday School Association

Joined the Prohibition Party and became a member of the platform committee

In Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1896, he voted with a breakaway faction of the party that attempted to broaden the party’s appeal beyond the issue of prohibition. Styled as the “National Prohibition Party,” “The Liberty Party,” or the “Silver Prohibitionists,” after their desire to have the dollar based on the value of silver rather than gold

A civic leader in Durham, NC, became a trustee of both Trinity College and Duke University

State Party Chair Prohibition Party NC

1896 National Prohibition Party ("Broad Gauge") candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charles Eugene Bentley, lost




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 06, 2013, 11:05:56 pm
1900

William McKinley OH Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Theodore Roosevelt NY Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1904  

William Jennings Bryan NE Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Adlai E Stevenson I IL Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1892

John G Woolley IL Prohibition Party

1871 Graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University, later gaining admission to the Illinois bar

1875 Elected City Attorney Paris, Il

1881 Became Prosecuting Attorney Minneapolis, MN

1886 Entered private law practice in New York

1888 Woolley, a reformed alcoholic, began a career of public speaking around the country

1896 Declined Prohibition Party nomination for President U.S.

1900 Nominated as United Christian Party candidate for Vice President U.S., with Silas C Swallow for President U.S., but both refused nomination

1900 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan

As the 19th century ended and the 20th began, Woolley was successively editor, and part-owner, of The Lever in Chicago and of the journal into which it merged, The New Voice, national organ of the Prohibition Party, founded in 1899

Woolley made two tours of Europe in 1901 and 1905 to speak for Prohibition

Henry B Metcalfe RI Republican, Prohibition Party

1856 Received an A.M., or Master of Arts, degree from Tufts College, now Tufts University, in Massachusetts

Became a business leader

1867 Helped to form the Boston Button Company as the firm’s senior partner

1874 Moved to Rhode Island where he established the Pawtucket Haircloth Company. He later formed the Campbell Machine Company in Boston, a concern which made the machinery to make shoes.

For the last 25 plus years of his life, was a trustee of his alma mater, Tufts University, and also served as the university’s president

Republican until 1872, when he broke with the liberal wing of the party to support New York Tribune editor Horace Greeley for President

1874 An active member of the community of Pawtucket, Rhode Island, assisted in the reorganization of that city’s government

1874 Elected to the Winchester RI city council

1886 Elected to a seat in the Rhode Island state Senate but his ardent stand for prohibition led the liquor industry to oppose his re-election, and he was defeated after only one term in office.  Despite the defeat, was a leader in pushing for a constitutional amendment to ban the sale of liquor in Rhode Island. To this end he also served as the President of the Rhode Island Temperance Union.

1893 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor of Rhode Island, lost

1900 Delegate to Prohibition Party National Convention, aided in the nomination of noted prohibitionist and attorney John G Woolley for the party's Presidential nomination

1900 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John G Woolley, lost

1900-1904 Continued his business opportunities, and served as a member of the American Protective Tariff League of New York, and as vice president of the American Anti-Imperialist League



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 11, 2013, 10:41:40 pm
1900 Continued

Eugene V Debs IN  Democratic 1879-1894, Social Democracy Party 1897-1898, Social Democratic Party 1898-1901, Socialist Party of America 1901-1926

Attended public school, dropping out of high school at age 14

1869-1874 Railway worker

1875 Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen made him an officer of local lodge

1880 Elected to Brotherhood of Local Firemen national office as Secretary Treasurer also serving as editor of Locomotive Firemen's magazine

1880-1884 Terre Haute, IN City Clerk

1877 Delegate of the Terre Haute lodge to Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen's national convention

1885-1889 IN State General Assembly, Democratic

Shifted efforts from elective politics to promoting collective bargaining for tradesmen

1893 Founded American Railway Union

1900 Social Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley, William Jennings Bryan, John G Woolley

1904 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt, Alton B Parker

1905 Helped organize Industrial Worker's of the World Union

1908 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft, William Jennings Bryan

1912 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft

1916 Declined Socialist Party of America nomination for President U.S.

1916 Socialist Party of America candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, IN, lost

1918 Sentenced to 10 years in prison when found in violation of Espionage Act of 1917

1920 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding, James M Cox

1920 As Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., ran from prison in Atlanta Federal Prison

1921 Pardoned from prison sentence by President Warren G Harding Christmas Day 1921

1921 En route home to Terre Haute IN from Atlanta Federal Prison, Debs was warmly received at the White House by President Warren G Harding

1924 Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize by Finnish Socialist Karl H Wiik on grounds that "Debs started to work actively for peace during World War I, mainly because he considered the war to be in the interest of capitalism"

Job Harriman CA, Democratic, Socialist Labor Party, Social Democratic Party, Socialist Party of America

After graduating Butler University in 1884 he went on into the ministry

Initially a member of Democratic Party

1898 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor CA, lost

1899 Broke with the Socialist Labor Party, thereafter affiliated with the East Coast-based variant of the Social Democratic Party of America (SDP)

1900 Social Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene Debs, lost

1911 Candidate for Mayor Los Angeles on the Socialist ticket, lost

1913 Candidate for Mayor Los Angeles on the Socialist ticket, lost

From 1913 Sought to establish a self-sufficient community upon socialist principles

Wharton Barker PA Republican, Populist Party (People's Party)

Financier and publicist

Graduated from the University of Pennsylvania 1866

Commanded a company in Civil War

1869 Founded the Penn Monthly, a weekly devoted to political, economic, and social questions, which in 1880-1900 was published under the name The American

1878 As a member of the banking firm of Barker Bros. & Co., appointed in 1878 special financial agent of the Russian government

In the field of politics, became known as the proposer for the presidency of Garfield and Harrison, and as one of the chief opponents of a third term for Grant

1896 left Republican Party to join the Populists

1900 Populist Party (People's Party) candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

The People's Party, also known as the Populist Party, was a development of the National Farmers' Alliance

Ignatius L Donnelly MN Republican, Populist Party (People's Party)

Admitted to the prestigious Central High School, the second oldest public high school in the United States, excelling primarily in literature.

Decided to become a lawyer, and became a clerk for Benjamin Brewster, who later became Attorney General of the United States 1881-1885

Jan 2 1860-Mar 4 1863 Lieutenant Governor MN, Republican  

Mar 4 1863-Mar 3 1869 U.S. House of Representatives MN, Republican

1874-1878 MN State Senate, Republican

Author

1882 Published Atlantis: The Antediluvian World

1883 Published Ragnarok: The Age of Fire and Gravel

1888 Published The Great Cryptogram

1880s Made several campaigns for public office

1884 Democratic candidate for U.S. House of Representatives, lost

1887 Successfully campaigned for a seat in MN State Legislature as an Independent

1887-1888 MN State House of Representatives  

During this period, he was also an organizer of Minnesota Farmers' Alliance

1891-1894 MN State Senate

1892 Wrote preamble of the People's Party's Omaha Platform for the Presidential campaign

1897-1898 Minnesota State House of Representatives

1900 Populist Party (People's Party) candidate for Vice President U.S. with Wharton Barker, lost

The People's Party, also known as the Populist Party, was a development of the National Farmers' Alliance

1900 Populist Party (People's Party) candidate Governor MN, lost

Joseph F Maloney MA Socialist Labor Party

Machinist

Was described at the time of his nomination as a "young, militant Socialist"

1900 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to William McKinley

Valentine Remmel PA Socialist Labor Party

Glass Blower

1900 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Joseph F Maloney, lost

Active in labor movement, left Socialist Labor Party later between 1901 and 1910

"Fusion" Populists

Nominated William Jennings Bryan for President See 1896

Nominated Charles Towne MN for Vice President. Democratic, "Fusion" Populists

Graduated University of Michigan

Mar 4 1895-Mar 3 1897 U.S. House of Representatives MN

1896 Independent candidate for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives MN, lost

1900 When Adlai Stevenson I won the Democratic nomination for Vice President over Charles Towne, Towne after some time withdrew from the race with the "Fusion"  Populists endorsing Stevenson

Dec 5 1900-Jan 28 1901 U.S. Senate MN.  Appointed to Senate to fill a vacancy until the elected replacement took office.

Mar 4 1905-Mar 3 1907 U.S. House of Representatives NY



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: J. J. on November 12, 2013, 07:16:59 pm
1856

James Buchanan PA Federalist, Democratic

1814-1816 PA House of Representatives, Federalist
1821-1831 U.S. House of Representatives PA
1832-1833 Minister to Russia
1834-1845 U.S. Senate PA
1845 Declined nomination by James K Polk for U.S. Supreme Court
1845-1849 U.S. Secretary of State, under James K Polk
1852-1866 President Board of Trustees Franklin & Marshall College Lancaster, PA
1853-1845 Minister to Great Britain
1857-1861 President U.S.



Since you are listing both Military and Masonic service:

1813?-1814? Private, Pennsylvania Militia. 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Buchanan


1828-1824 District Deputy Grand Master for the Counties of Lancaster, Lebanon and York (PA)

http://www.pagrandlodge.org/district15/MasonicPresidents/15buchanan.htm


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 12, 2013, 11:00:16 pm
1900 Continued

Anti-Imperialist League

Nominated William Jennings Bryan, see 1896, for President and Adlai Stevenson I, see 1892, for Vice President

The American Anti-Imperialist League opposed the annexation of the Philippines. It hoped to nominate a candidate who would run solely on the issue of anti-imperialism. However, the one candidate whom had shown any promise, elderly former Senator John Henderson of Missouri, refused. The Anti-Imperialist League National Convention on August 15 divided over whether to nominate Bryan or introduce a third ticket. After a motion to nominate an Independent ticket failed, Bryan and Stevenson were declared the nominees.

John Henderson MO Democratic, Unionist, Unconditional Unionist, Republican

Studied on his own while a farm hand

Taught school

1844 Admitted to Missouri bar and practiced law

1848-1850 MO State House of Representatives

1856-1858 MO State House of Representatives

Active in Democratic politics

1861 Commissioned a Brigadier General in Missouri State Militia commanding federal forces in northeast Missouri during Civil War

January 17, 1862 Appointed to U.S. Senate as a Unionist to fill a vacancy

1862 Elected to six year term in U.S. Senate for MO

Jan 17 1862-Mar 4 1869 U.S. Senate MO

1862 Signed a peace treaty with Jefferson Jones of the short-lived Kingdom of Callaway, lending that breakaway state legitimacy before federal troops invaded and ended its existence

1864 As a United States Senator representing a slave state, co-authored and co-sponsored the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution permanently prohibiting slavery in the United States

1868 During President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial, Henderson broke party ranks, along with six other Republican senators, and voted for acquittal

1868 Did not run for reelection to U.S. Senate

An unsuccessful candidate for Governor MO and later U.S. Senator

1875 Special United States attorney for prosecution of the Whiskey Ring at St. Louis

1877 Appointed a commissioner to treat with hostile tribes of Indians

1900 Refused to accept the Presidential nomination of the Anti-Imperialist League

According to a story circulated in the early 1900s, Henderson met with President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865 shortly before Lincoln left for Ford's Theatre where he was assassinated that night, and successfully procured a pardon for Missouri resident George S E Vaughn who had been convicted of spying and sentenced to death, becoming Lincoln's last official act as President. However in 2011 David Blanchette of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield, Illinois said there is no record of any such pardon.

Democratic National Party

The Democratic National Party held its 2nd, and ultimately last, National Convention in the Carnegie Lyceum in New York City, with around 100 delegates present. The convention nominated Senator Donelson Caffery of Louisiana for President and Archibald M Howe, an attorney from Boston Massachusetts, for Vice President. However Caffery, being a staunch Democrat, refused the nomination, and Howe removed himself soon after. Edward Waldo Emerson was hurriedly nominated in Caffery's place, but would only appear on the ballot in his native Massachusetts.

Edward Waldo Emerson MA Democratic National Party

=====
Son of Ralph Waldo Emerson, noted American essayist, lecturer, poet
=====

Graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1874, and practiced medicine in Concord, MA until 1882, when he received an inheritance and retired from his practice. After retiring from practice, he was instructor in art anatomy at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts 1885–1906.

Superintendent of schools in Concord, MA and on the board of health and the cemetery and library committees. He was a founding member of the Concord Antiquarian Society, now called the Concord Museum, and a member of the Social Circle.

1900 Democratic National Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley.  Appeared on ballot only in his native Massachusetts.

Donelson Caffery LA Democratic, Democratic National Party

=====
Great grandson of Colonel John Donelson, co-founder of the city of Nashville, father-in-law of President Andrew Jackson

Grandfather of Patrick T Caffery, served two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives LA 1969–1973
=====

Civil War Served in the Confederate army as a Lieutenant

After the war he became a lawyer and owned a sugar plantation

Elected to Louisiana State Senate

1892 Appointed to U.S. Senate LA to fill the unexpired term of Randall L Gibson who died in office. Caffery began a full six-year term in 1894, on election by the Louisiana State Legislature, and served in the U.S. Senate until 1901.

Dec 31 1892-Mar 4 1901 U.S. Senate LA

1900 Declined to seek a second full term in U.S. Senate

1900 Nominated by Democratic National Party for President U.S., declined the nomination

1900 A group of anti-imperialists, meeting in New York City on Sep 5 1900, nominated Caffery for President and Boston attorney and historian Archibald M. Howe for Vice President. Caffery, a staunch Democrat, refused this nomination, and Howe quickly withdrew as well.

1901 After leaving U.S. Senate resumed practicing law

Archibald M Howe MA Republican, Democratic National Party

Attorney and historian by profession

Graduated from Harvard University in 1869, 1872 graduated from Harvard University School of Law

Served as private secretary to Republican Henry Lillie Pierce when Lillie was elected to the US House of Representatives in 1872, remaining so until 1877

Served as a member of the School Committee and the Common Council in Cambridge

A Republican in politics, who had broken from the party in 1884 to support Democrat Grover Cleveland, Howe argued against the foreign policies of Republican President William McKinley, which Howe and others saw as imperialist. To this end, in 1900 a group of like-minded people met at Carnegie Hall in New York City on Sep 5 1900 and formed the National Party as a protest against McKinley. They nominated Donelson Caffery of Louisiana, a US Senator and Democrat, for President and Howe for Vice President. Caffery had not asked to be nominated by a party other than his own, and he quickly withdrew. Howe followed, and the party merely asked its followers nationwide to vote for the party’s electors as a protest vote. Few votes were received.

The Union Reform Party nominated Seth H Ellis of Ohio for President, and Samuel T Nicholson of Pennsylvania for Vice President

Seth H Ellis OH Republican, Prohibition Party, Union Reform Party

A pioneer in the promotion of Ohio and national agriculture

1873 Elected first Master of the Ohio State Grange, of which he was a founder

Republican Party candidate for Ohio State Legislature, lost

1892 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor OH, lost

1899 Union Reform Party candidate for Governor OH, lost

1900 Union Reform Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

Samuel T Nicholson PA Union Reform Party

1900 Union Reform Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Seth H Ellis, lost

The United Christian Party nominated Jonah F.R. Leonard for President, and David H. Martin for Vice President. Initially, the party had nominated Silas C Swallow for President and John G Woolley for Vice President, but both men refused, choosing to instead contest the Prohibition Party nomination, of which Woolley would emerge the victor.

Jonah F R Leonard IA  Republican, United Christian Party

1856 Moved to Kansas espoused the side of the Free-Soil party, and did all in his power to make Kansas a free State

While a citizen of Kansas elected to the office of county Superintendent of Schools, and also served as County Surveyor of Chase County

Moved to Illinois

1862 enlisted in the 93d Illinois Infantry, and served until the close of the Civil War in 1865

1865 Moved to Iowa  

1899 candidate for  Lieutenant Governor Iowa
 
1900 United Christian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William McKinley

David H Martin PA United Christian Party

1900 United Christian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Jonah F R Leonard, lost

Silas C Swallow United Christian Party

Methodist preacher and prohibitionist politician who was a lifelong opponent of slavery

Civil War Served as a lieutenant

1860 Became a charter member of the Central Pennsylvania Conference upon its organization

1863 Entered the Baltimore Conference

Editor of the Central Pennsylvania Methodist

United Christian Party candidate for Mayor of Harrisburg, PA, PA state legislature, PA State Treasurer, Governor of PA, lost

1900 Nominated as United Christian Party candidate for President U.S., but refused nomination

1900 A candidate for Prohibition Party nomination for President U.S., lost to John G Woolley

1904 Prohibition candidate for President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

John G Woolley IN Prohibition Party, United Christian Party  See above


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 13, 2013, 09:57:24 pm
1904

Theodore Roosevelt NY Republican 1880-1912, Progressive "Bull Moose" 1912, Republican 1912-1919

=====
Son of Theodore Roosevelt Sr, who was nominated as Collector of the Port of New York Dec 1877, but nomination was rejected by U.S. Senate

Father of Theodore Roosevelt Jr, NY State Assembly 1920-1921, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1921-1924, Republican Party candidate for Governor NY 1924, lost, Governor Puerto Rico 1929-1932, Governor General Philippines 1932-1933

Fifth cousin of Franklin D Roosevelt, NY State Senate 1911-1913, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1913-1920, unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. 1920, Governor NY 1929-1932, President U.S. 1933-1945, see also 1932 Franklin D Roosevelt

Uncle of Eleanor Roosevelt, who was the wife of Franklin D Roosevelt, se also 1932 Eleanor Roosevelt
=====

Apr 25 1865 Six year old Theodore Roosevelt and his brother Elliot Roosevelt, age five, witnessed the funeral procession of President Abraham Lincoln as it moved down Broadway in New York City, from a second story window of the Roosevelt home, their grandfather's, Cornelius Van Schaack Roosevelt's mansion

1876 Entered Harvard College, where he studied a variety of subjects, including German, natural history, zoology, forensics, composition
 
1880 Graduated from Harvard College Phi Beta Kappa with an A.B. magna cum laude

1880-1881 Attended Columbia Law School, dropped out to pursue a career in public service

Jan 1 1882-Dec 31 1884 NY State Assembly

Jan 1 1883-Dec 31 1883 NY State Assembly Minority Leader

1884 Candidate for Speaker NY State Assembly, lost

Republican activist in State Assembly writing more bills than any other state legislator

1884 Attended Republican National Convention. Supported U.S. Senator George F Edmunds of Vermont for the Republican Party nomination for President U.S.  Presidential nomination was won by former U.S. Senator James G Blaine of Maine.
 
1884 Deputy Sheriff in Dakota

1886 Republican candidate for Mayor New York City, lost

1888 Campaigned in Midwest for Republican Presidential candidate Benjamin Harrison.  Harrison elected.

1889-1895 United States Civil Service Commission appointed by President Benjamin Harrison, served 1889-1893 under Benjamin Harrison, reappointed 1893 by President Grover Cleveland, serving 1893-1895 under Grover Cleveland

1892 Supported Benjamin Harrison for reelection President U.S.  Harrison defeated.

1895-1897 President of Board of New York City Police Commissioners

Apr 19 1897-May 10 1898 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, appointed by President William McKinley

Of interest, Franklin D Roosevelt as well served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, serving 1913-1920 under Woodrow Wilson

Of interest, Theodore Roosevelt Jr, son of Theodore Roosevelt, as well served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, serving 1921–1924 under Warren G Harding and Calvin Coolidge

According to author Edward J Renehan, Jr, no less than five members of the extended Roosevelt clan served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt Jr who served from 1921 through 1924 under Warren G Harding and Calvin Coolidge, Theodore Douglas Robinson, the son of Corinne Roosevelt, who served from 1924 through 1929 under Calvin Coolidge, and Henry Latrobe Roosevelt, a descendant of Robert Fulton's old friend "Steamboat Nicholas" Roosevelt, who served from 1933 through 1936 under Franklin D Roosevelt

1898 U.S. Army, reached rank of Colonel

1898 Formed the "Rough Riders" to fight in Spanish-American War

Jan 1 1899-Dec 31 1900 Governor NY

1900 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William McKinley, won

Mar 4 1901-Sep 14 1901 25th Vice President U.S. under William McKinley.  McKinley assassinated Sep 14 1901

Nov 21 1899, William McKinley's first Vice President, Garret Hobart, died of a heart attack. Theodore Roosevelt had anticipated a second term as Governor or, alternatively, a cabinet post in the War Department. His friends, especially Henry Cabot Lodge, saw this as a dead end. They supported him for Vice President, and no one else of prominence was actively seeking that job. Some people in the GOP wanted Roosevelt as Vice President. His friends were pushing, and so were his foes. Roosevelt's reforming zeal ran afoul of the insurance and franchise businesses, who had a major voice in the New York GOP. The political boss of the Republican Party in New York, Thomas C Platt, engineered Roosevelt's removal from the state by pressuring him to accept the GOP nomination as Vice President in 1900. McKinley refused to consider Roosevelt as Secretary of War, but saw no risk in making him Vice President. Roosevelt accepted the nomination, although his campaign manager, Mark Hanna, thought Roosevelt was too cowboy-like. The party executives were pleased with their success in engineering Roosevelt's next political foray, but Roosevelt felt very much to the contrary.

Sep 14 1901-Mar 4 1909 26th President U.S.

1904 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected President U.S. in his own right

Roosevelt sapped much of his potential influence over Congress his last two years in office by announcing the night of his election as President in 1904 that he would not run for reelection as President in 1908, a statement he would greatly come to regret making

Mar 17 1905 At the wedding of Franklin D Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt gave away the bride, his niece

1906 Awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Nov 9 1906-Nov 26 1906 Became the first sitting President to visit outside the U.S. when he traveled to Panama to inspect construction of the Panama Canal

1908 Pushed through nomination of Secretary of War William Howard Taft as Republican nominee for President U.S.

May 20 1910 United States representative to the funeral of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom

1912 Progressive Party ("Bull Moose") candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

Oct 14 1912 Assassination attempt on Roosevelt's life while campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, was shot by a saloonkeeper named John Flammang Schrank

1916 Progressive Party nominated Roosevelt for President U.S. at their convention, but he met with Republican Presidential nominee Charles Evans Hughes and withdrew from the election

1916 Roosevelt campaigned energetically for Republican Presidential candidate Charles Evans Hughes. Hughes defeated by incumbent President Woodrow Wilson in a close election.

Roosevelt awarded title of Chief Scout Citizen by Boy Scouts of America

End of 1918 Was the presumed front runner for Republican nomination for President U.S. for 1920, but died in 1919

One of four Presidents whose likeness appears on Mount Rushmore, along with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln

Second Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt 1901

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt 1901-1909

Her grandfather, Daniel Tyler, served as a Union General in the American Civil War.

At Miss Comstock's school, she acquired the proper finishing touch for a young lady of that era.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 14, 2013, 11:36:01 pm
1904 Continued

Charles W Fairbanks  IN Republican

=====
Fairbanks's ancestry traced back to Puritan followers of Oliver Cromwell, with Jonathan Fayerbankes the first family member to reach America in 1632
=====

1872 Graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University

1872 Agent of the Associated Press in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, reporting on political rallies for Horace Greeley during the Presidential election

Moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he briefly attended law school before his admittance to the Ohio bar in 1874

1874 Moved to Indianapolis, Indiana

1888 Prior to Republican National Convention, federal judge Walter Q. Gresham sought Fairbanks's help in seeking the nomination for U.S. President. While the bid was ultimately unsuccessful, Fairbanks began to take an even greater interest in politics.

1893 Candidate for U.S. Senate IN, lost

1894 Was the most visible organizer and speaker on behalf of Republicans in elections for the State Legislature. He was credited with delivering Republican majorities to both the Indiana House of Representatives and Indiana Senate.

1896 Republican National Convention served as both temporary chairman and keynote speaker, further raising his public profile.

1896 Elected U.S. Senate IN

Mar 4 1897-Mar 4 1905 U.S. Senate IN

1898 Appointed a member of the United States and British Joint High Commission which met in Quebec City for the adjustment of Canadian questions, including the boundary dispute about Alaska

1904 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Theodore Roosevelt, elected

Mar 4 1905-Mar 4 1909 26th Vice President U.S. with Theodore Roosevelt

1908 Candidate for Republican Party Presidential nomination, lost to William Howard Taft.  Taft supported by Roosevelt.

1912 Supported reelection of William Howard Taft rather than Progressive ("Bull Moose") candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt

1916 In charge of establishing platform for Republican Party

1916 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Charles Evans Hughes

1916 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charles Evans Hughes, lost

Fairbanks is the last former Vice President to seek reelection as Vice President for a non-consecutive term, with Adlai Stevenson I before him

Second Lady of the United States Cornelia Fairbanks 1905-1909

Daughter of Republican Ohio State Senator Philander Cole.

Attended Ohio Wesleyan Female College, graduated with an A.B. 1872.

Served on the State Board of Charities 1885-1888.

Elected President General National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution 1901,  serving two terms.

Active with the George Junior Republic movement.

Alton B Parker NY Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

1873 Graduated Albany Law School with an LL.B.

1870s Became active with the Democratic Party and was an early supporter of future New York Governor and US President Grover Cleveland

1870s Practiced law in Kingston, NY

1877 Elected surrogate of Ulster County, NY, reelected 1883

1884 Served as a delegate to Democratic National Convention at which Grover Cleveland was named the party's Presidential nominee

1884 Managed Democratic candidate David B. Hill's successful campaign for Governor NY

1885 After his election, Hill appointed Parker to fill a vacancy on the New York State Supreme Court

1886 Elected to his own fourteen-year term on New York State Supreme Court

1889 Became a trial judge when Hill appointed him to the newly formed Second Division of the Court of Appeals

1897 Elected Chief Judge New York Court of Appeals

1898-1904 Chief Judge New York Court of Appeals

1904 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

1904 After receiving the Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., Parker resigned from the bench

1906-1907 President American Bar Association

1910 Managed Democratic candidate John A. Dix's successful campaign for Governor NY

1912 Delivered keynote address at the Democratic National Convention, which nominated Woodrow Wilson for President

1913 Was counsel for the managers of the trial leading to the impeachment of John A Dix's successor as Governor of New York, Democrat William Sulzer

Henry G Davis WV Democratic

=====
Brother of Thomas Beall Davis, West Virginia Democratic State Executive Committee 1876-1907,  West Virginia State House of Delegates 1899-1900, U.S. House of Representatives WV 1905-1907
=====

1865 Elected a member of the WV House of Delegates

1866 Founded Potomac and Piedmont Coal and Railway Company

1869-1871 WV State Senate

Mar 4 1871-Mar 4 1883 U.S. Senate WV

1889 Represented U.S. at Pan-American Conference

1901 Represented U.S. at Pan-American Conference

1901-1916 Acted as Chairman of Permanent Pan American Railway Committee

1904 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Alton B. Parker, lost

Chosen as the candidate for Vice President U.S. primarily because of his ability to provide much needed funds to the campaign
  
At age 80, Davis was, and is, the oldest person to be nominated for President U.S. or Vice President U.S. on a major party ticket




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 16, 2013, 08:03:16 pm
1904 Continued

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1900

Benjamin Hanford NY Socialist Party of America

Printer

1892 Became involved in affairs of International Typographical Union Local No. 6

1893 Joined Socialist Labor Party (SLP)

1898 SLP candidate Governor NY, lost

1899 SLP split, left organization with an anti-dual union faction

1900 Breakaway faction, Social Democratic Party, candidate Governor NY, lost

1901 Breakaway faction, Social Democratic Party, candidate Mayor New York City, lost

1901 the eastern "Social Democratic Party" of Hillquit, Slobodin, and Hanford merged with the Chicago-based Social Democratic Party of America headed by Eugene V. Debs and Victor L. Berger to form the Socialist Party of America (SPA), of which Hanford became a charter member

1902 Socialist Party of America candidate Governor NY, lost

1904 Socialist Party of America candidate Vice President U.S., with Eugene V Debs, lost

1908 Socialist Party of America candidate Vice President U.S.,  with Eugene V debs, lost

Silas C Swallow PA Prohibition candidate for President U.S. See 1900

George W Carroll TX Prohibition

Oil and lumber businessman

Longtime advocate for the prohibition of sale of alcoholic beverages

1904 Candidate Prohibition Party for Vice President U.S. with Silas C Swallow, lost

Thomas E Watson GA Populist candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Thomas Henry Tibbles NE Populist

Journalist, author

Activist for Native American rights

At 16 years of age traveled to Kansas and participated in the "Bleeding Kansas" slavery-related border conflict on the side of the abolitionists

1879 As assistant editor of the Omaha Daily Herald, he was instrumental in bringing the case of Standing Bear and the Ponca Indian people before the United States District Court at Fort Omaha.  This case was famous for its ruling that "an Indian is a person," with all the rights of full citizens.

1891 Was a witness to the aftermath of the massacre of Native Americans at Wounded Knee and reported this tragedy to the world

1893-1895 Worked as a newspaper correspondent in Washington D.C. On returning to Nebraska, Tibbles became editor-in-chief of The Independent, a weekly Populist Party newspaper.

1904 Populist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Watson, lost

Charles Hunter Corregan NY Socialist Labor Party of America

Printer

1898 Socialist Labor Party candidate NY Attorney General, lost

1900 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor NY, lost

1904 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

1928 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor NY, lost

William Wesley Cox  MO Socialist Labor Party of America

Interior Decorator

A Presidential, Vice Presidential, and perennial U.S. Senate candidate of the Socialist Labor Party of America

MO state chairman of the SLP member of the American Civil Liberties Union

1904 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Charles Hunter Corregan, lost

1920 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

Ran in many elections, and his last attempt at office was in 1944, running unsuccessfully for the United States Senate seat in MO


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 17, 2013, 05:39:00 pm
1908  

William Howard Taft OH Republican

=====
Son of Alphonso Taft, U.S. Attorney General 1876-1877, U.S. Secretary of War 1876, Minister to Austria-Hungary 1882-1884, Minister to Russia 1884-1885

Of note, President William Howard Taft was as well Secretary of War, 1904-1908

Brother of Charles Phelps Taft U.S. House of Representatives OH 1895-1897  

Father of Robert A Taft, OH House of Representatives 1921-1931, OH Senate 1931-1933, U.S. Senate OH 1939-1953, unsuccessful candidate for Republican Presidential nomination 1952, U.S. Senate Majority Leader 1953  

Father of Charles Phelps Taft II, Cincinnati, OH City Council 1938-1942, 1948-1951, Mayor Cincinnati, OH 1955-1957, Cincinnati, OH City Council 1957-1977

Grandfather of William Howard Taft III, 1949 went to Dublin, Ireland, as part of the Marshall Plan aid mission and worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Department 1951-1953, U.S. Ambassador to Ireland 1953-1957

Grandfather of Robert A Taft Jr., OH House of Representatives 1955-1962, U.S. House of Representatives OH 1963-1965, Republican candidate for U.S. Senate OH 1964, defeated, U.S. House of Representatives 0H 1967-1971, U.S. Senate OH 1971-1976

Grandfather of Seth Chase Taft, unsuccessful candidate OH Senate 1962, unsuccessful candidate Mayor Cleveland, OH 1967, losing to Democratic candidate Carl B. Stokes, the first African American Mayor of a major U.S. city. Taft served as Cuyahoga County, OH Commissioner 1971-1978, unsuccessfully sought Republican nomination  Governor OH 1982.

Great grandfather of Robert A "Bob" Taft III, OH House of Representatives 1977-1980, Hamilton County, OH Commissioner 1981-1990, Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor OH 1986, defeated, OH Secretary of State 1991-1999, Governor OH 1999-2007

Great grandfather of William Howard Taft IV, attorney adviser to chairman Federal Trade Commission 1970, principal assistant to Caspar W. Weinberger, who was deputy director, then director, of the Office of Management and Budget in the Executive Office of the President 1970-1973, executive assistant to U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1973-1976,  general counsel U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 1976, General Counsel U.S. Department of Defense 1981-1984, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense 1984-1989, acting U.S. Secretary of Defense Jan-Mar 1989, U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO, with rank of ambassador 1989-1992, legal adviser U.S. Department of State 2001-2005
=====

1878 Graduated from Yale College with a Bachelor of Arts Degree, ranking second in his class out of 121

1880 Graduated from Cincinnati Law School with a Bachelor of Laws degree

While in law school, worked on The Cincinnati Commercial newspaper, edited by Murat Halstead. Taft was assigned to cover the local courts, and also spent time reading law in his father's office. Both activities gave him practical knowledge of the law that was not taught in class. Shortly before graduating from law school, Taft went to the state capital of Columbus to take the bar examination and easily passed.

After admission to the Ohio bar, appointed Assistant Prosecutor of Hamilton County, OH, based in Cincinnati

1882 Appointed local Collector of Internal Revenue

1884 Campaigned for Republican Presidential candidate U.S. Senator James G. Blaine of Maine, who lost to New York Governor Grover Cleveland

1887 Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Cincinnati

Feb 1890-Mar 1892 Solicitor General of United States
At age 32, was the youngest ever Solicitor General of United States

1891 Began serving on the newly created U.S. Court of Appeals for Sixth Circuit

1892 Confirmed by the Senate on March 17 and received his commission that same day

Mar 17 1892-Mar 15 1900 Judge U.S. Court of Appeals for Sixth Circuit

Along with his judgeship, between 1896 and 1900 Taft also served as the first dean and a professor of constitutional law at the University of Cincinnati

1900 Appointed by President William McKinley chairman of a commission to organize a civilian government in the Philippines which had been ceded to the United States by Spain following the Spanish–American War and the 1898 Treaty of Paris

Although Taft had been opposed to the annexation of the islands, and had told McKinley his real ambition was to become a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, he reluctantly accepted the appointment

Jul 4 1901-Dec 23 1903 First civilian Governor General of Philippines

1902 Visited Rome to negotiate with Pope Leo XIII for the purchase of Philippine lands owned by the Roman Catholic Church, then persuaded Congress to appropriate more than $7 million to purchase these lands, which he sold to Filipinos on easy terms

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt offered Taft the seat on the U.S. Supreme Court to which he had for so long aspired, but he reluctantly declined since he viewed the Filipinos as not yet being capable of governing themselves and because of his popularity among them.  Roosevelt actually made the offer of a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court on several different occasions, being met with a decline every time.

Feb 1 1904-Jun 30 1908 U.S. Secretary of War under President Theodore Roosevelt

1904 Campaigned for Republican Presidential nominee Theodore Roosevelt in Presidential election, Roosevelt wins  

1906 President Roosevelt sent troops to restore order in Cuba during the revolt
 
Sep 29 1906-Oct 13 1906 First Provisional Governor of Cuba

1906 Roosevelt made his third offer to Taft of a position on the U.S. Supreme Court which he again declined

Taft indicated to Roosevelt he wanted to be Chief Justice of the United States, not President, but there was no vacancy and Roosevelt wanted Taft to succeed him as President U.S.

1906 Campaigned for Republican candidates in mid term elections

1907 Roosevelt began touting Taft as the best choice for the Republican Presidential nomination for the party for 1908

For a time, Taft served as Acting Secretary of State

1908 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1909-Mar 4 1913 27th President U.S.

1912 Republican Party candidate for President U.S.,  lost to Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt

Had been made president of the Lincoln Memorial Commission while still in office. Dedicated the Lincoln Memorial as Chief Justice in 1922

1913-1921 Chancellor Kent Professor of Law and Legal History at Yale Law School  

1913 Elected president of the American Bar Association for a one year term

Earned money with paid speeches and with articles for magazines, and would end his eight years out of office having increased his savings

After leaving the Presidency Taft maintained a cordial relationship with President Woodrow Wilson

1914 When World War I broke out in Europe founded the League to Enforce Peace

As president of the League to Enforce Peace, Taft hoped to prevent war through an international association of nations

1916 While at Yale, wrote the treatise, Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers

When President Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany in Apr 1917, Taft was an enthusiastic supporter

Taft was chairman of the American Red Cross' executive committee, occupying much of the former President's time

Taft took leave from Yale to be co-chairman of the National War Labor Board 1917-1918, tasked with assuring industrial peace

1918 When Wilson proposed establishment of a League of Nations, with the League's charter part of the Treaty of Versailles, Taft expressed public support

Jul 11 1921-Feb 3 1930 Chief Justice of the United States, nominated by President Warren G Harding
 
Taft remains the only person to have led both the Executive and Judicial branches of the United States government

Became the only U.S. President to serve as Chief Justice of the United States, and thus the only former U.S. President to administer the oath of office to subsequent U.S. Presidents, administering the oath of office to Calvin Coolidge Mar 4 1925 and to Herbert Hoover  Mar 4 1929

Resigned as Chief Justice of the United States Feb 3 1930, died shortly afterwards, Mar 8, 1930

First Lady of the United States Helen Taft 1909-1913

The fourth child of Judge John Williamson Herron, a law partner of Rutherford B. Hayes, and Harriet Collins.

Graduated from the Cincinnati College of Music.

With her parents, attended the twenty fifth wedding anniversary celebration of President and Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes at the White House 1877.

Her grandfather, Ela Collins, and uncle, William Collins, were both members of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 19, 2013, 01:02:47 am
1908 Continued

James S Sherman NY Republican

=====
According to Facts on File, "Sherman was of the ninth generation of descendants from Henry Sherman, a line also connected to Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and William Tecumseh Sherman, the Union General during the Civil War"

Son of Richard U Sherman

Brigadier general, New York State militia 1841–1857
Clerk New York State Assembly 1851-1857
Member New York State Assembly 1857
Delegate New York State Constitutional Convention 1867–1868
Assistant clerk U.S. House of Representatives 1870
Member New York State Assembly 1875-1876
Secretary New York State Fish and Game Commission 1879–1890

Brother of Richard W Sherman Mayor Utica NY 1900-1901
=====

Educated at Hamilton College, where he was noted for his skills in oratory and debate

1880 After law studies was admitted to New York bar

Practiced law at the local firm of Cookingham & Martin, and also served as president of the Utica Trust & Deposit Co. and the New Hartford Canning Co.

Mar 1884-Mar 1885 Mayor Utica, NY

Mar 4 1887-Mar 3 1891 United States House of Representatives NY

1890 Candidate for United States House of Representatives NY, defeated

1892 Delegate from New York to Republican National Convention
 
Mar 4 1893-Mar 3 1909 United States House of Representatives NY

1908 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Howard Taft, elected

Mar 4, 1909–Oct 30, 1912 27th Vice President U.S. under William Howard Taft.  Sherman died in office.

To date, Sherman is the last Vice President U.S. to have died in office

1912 Renominated for Vice President U.S. on Republican ticket with William Howard Taft, the first time a sitting Vice President had been renominated in eighty-four years

But Sherman's health had collapsed, due to his steadily worsening kidney condition (Bright's disease), and he gave his acceptance speech against medical advice. Just days before the election, Oct 30 1912, he died at home in Utica, New York, and President Taft was left with no running mate with less than a week before the election, although Nicholas Murray Butler of New York was designated to receive the electoral votes that Sherman would have received. Taft and Butler were defeated by the Democratic ticket of Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall, as well as by the Progressive, "Bull Moose," ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson.  The office of Vice President remained vacant until Marshall's inauguration, Mar 4, 1913.

Second Lady of the United States Carrie Sherman 1909-1912

During her tenure as Second Lady, she founded the Congressional Club for Senators' and Representatives' wives.

William Jennings Bryan NE Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1896

John W Kern IN Democratic

Studied law at the University of Michigan

Began to practice law in Kokomo, Indiana

1871-1884 City Attorney Kokomo, IN

1893-1897 Indiana State Senate

1893-1897 Assistant U.S. Attorney for IN

1897-1901 City Solicitor Indianapolis IN

1900 Democratic candidate Governor IN, lost

1904 Democratic candidate Governor IN, lost

1908 Democratic Party candidate Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan, lost

After Bryan was defeated by Taft, Kern was subsequently outmaneuvered by Democrat Benjamin F. Shively for an open U.S. Senate seat for Indiana

When Indiana's other Senate seat opened in 1910, the Democratic-controlled state legislature rewarded Kern with a seat in the United States Senate

Mar 4 1911-Mar 3 1917 U.S. Senate IN

Mar 4 1913-Mar 3 1917  Chairman of Senate Democratic Caucus.  While the title was not official, he is considered to be the first Senate Majority leader, and in turn, the first Senate Democratic Leader, while serving concurrently as Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus.

1916 Defeated for reelection to U.S. Senate IN

Kern was a champion of the direct election of Senators

At Bryan's urging, President Wilson considered Kern for appointment to high public office, but Kern died on August 17, 1917

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. see 1900

Benjamin Hanford NY Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1904


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 21, 2013, 12:16:45 am
1908 Continued

Eugene W Chafin IL Prohibition

Lawyer

1882 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives WI, lost

1886 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General WI, lost

1898 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor WI, lost

1900 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General WI, lost

1902 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. House  of Representatives IL, lost

1904 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General IL, lost

1908 Appointed to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States

1909 Moved to Arizona. While in Arizona ran for United States Senate AZ, lost

1908 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

1912 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

Aaron S Watkins OH Prohibition

=====
Grandfather of Prohibition candidate for Vice President of the United States, W. Dean Watkins 2000
=====

Lawyer

President of Asbury College in Kentucky

Methodist Minister

Received honorary degrees of Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Divinity, Doctor of Humane Letters and Doctor of Philosophy

Long dedicated to promoting the temperance movement, Watkins served as Prohibition Party

Candidate for various political offices, including
 
1904 Prohibition candidate for US House of Representatives OH, lost

1908 Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene W Chafin, lost

1912 Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene W Chafin, lost

1920 Prohibition candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

Thomas L Higsin MA Independence Party

1908 Independence Party candidate President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

John Temple Graves GA Independence Party

1884 Presidential Elector for Florida

1888 Presidential Elector for Georgia

1908 Independence Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Thomas L Higsin, lost

1912 Speaker at Democratic National Convention

Thomas E Watson GA Populist Party candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Samuel Williams IN Populist

1908 Populist Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Watson, lost

August Gillhaus NY Socialist Labor

1908 Substituted for the original nominee, “Morrie” Preston, a miner who was arrested on murder charges during a citywide strike in Goldfield, Nevada, in 1907

1908 Socialist Labor candidate President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft  

1912 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. with Arthur E. Reimer, lost

1914 Socialist Labor candidate State Engineer and Surveyor NY, lost

1916 Socialist Labor candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1918 Socialist Labor candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1920 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. William Wesley Cox, lost

1930 Socialist Labor candidate State Attorney General NY, lost

Donald L Munro VA Socialist Labor

Machinist and toolmaker

1908 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. with August Gillhaus, lost

1924 Socialist Labor candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia

1928 Socialist Labor candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 21, 2013, 12:22:14 am
1912

Woodrow Wilson NJ Bourbon Democrat, Democratic


=====
Father of Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre

After World War I, Jessie Wilson Sayre and her husband, Francis Bowes Sayre Sr, moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts. Jessie Wilson Sayre worked in interests of Democratic Party, League of Nations, League of Women Voters. Involved with YWCA, serving on its national board.  

1928 Jessie Wilson Sayre made introductory speech for Presidential nominee Al Smith at Democratic National Convention. 1929 name was mentioned as a candidate for Democratic nomination for U.S. Senator, for the seat then held by Republican Frederick H. Gillett of Massachusetts, declined. Became secretary of Massachusetts Democratic State Committee.

Father in law of  Francis Bowes Sayre Sr

Francis Sayre served as American Foreign Affairs Advisor to government of Siam,  Assistant U.S. Secretary of State, High Commissioner to Philippines 1939-1942, U.S. representative to United Nations Trusteeship Council. While Sayre was Siam's Foreign Affairs Advisor, he was appointed by the government of Siam as Siam's representative on Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague.

Father of Eleanor Randolph Wilson McAdoo

Because she had written a biography about her father, she served as an informal counselor on the 1944 biopic Wilson

Father in law of William Gibbs McAdoo

Served as Vice Chairman of Democratic National Committee, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury 1913-1918, a founder and chairman of the Federal Reserve Board 1914, U.S. Director General of Railroads 1917-1918, candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S. 1920, lost, candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S. 1924, lost, U.S. Senate California 1933-1938. McAdoo was married to Wilson's daughter Eleanor Randolph Wilson.
=====

Academic Career

Attended Davidson College in NC for the 1873–1874 school year, cut short by illness, then transferred to Princeton University as a freshman when his father began teaching at the university. Graduated 1879. In second year, studied political philosophy and history, active in  Whig literary and debating society, wrote for Nassau Literary Review. Organized Liberal Debating Society, later coached Whig–Clio Debate Panel.

In hotly contested election of 1876, declared his support for Democratic Party and its nominee, Samuel J. Tilden.

1879 Attended law school at University of Virginia for one year; was President of Jefferson Literary and Debating Society. His health became frail and dictated withdrawal, so he went home to Wilmington, NC, where he continued his law studies. Admitted to Georgia bar and made a brief attempt at law practice in Jan 1882. Found legal history and substantive jurisprudence interesting, but abhorred the day to day procedural aspects, and after less than a year abandoned the practice to pursue study of political science and history.

1883 Began graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University

1886 Completed doctoral dissertation, "Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics" and received a Ph.D. in history and political science. For his doctorate, had to learn German.

1886-1887 Academic year was a visiting lecturer at Cornell University, but failed to gain a permanent position

1885-1888 Faculty of Bryn Mawr College

1888-1890 Faculty of Wesleyan University
 
1890 Joined Princeton University faculty as professor of jurisprudence and political economy

While there was one of the faculty members of the short-lived coordinate college, Evelyn College for Women
 
Additionally, became the first lecturer of Constitutional Law at New York Law School where he taught with Charles Evans Hughes, who he would run against in 1916 Presidential election

The only U.S. President to have held a Ph.D.

Writings on government and politics

Government Systems

Under the influence of Walter Bagehot's The English Constitution, Wilson saw the United States Constitution as pre-modern, cumbersome, and open to corruption. An admirer of Parliament, Wilson favored a parliamentary system for the U.S.

Believed that America's intricate system of checks and balances was the cause of the problems in American governance. Said the divided power made it impossible for voters to see who was accountable if government behaved badly.

Said the Congressional committee system was fundamentally undemocratic in that committee chairs, who ruled by seniority, determined national policy although they were responsible to no one except their constituents; and that it facilitated corruption.

Said the Presidency "will be as big as and as influential as the man who occupies it". By the time of his Presidency, Wilson hoped that Presidents could be party leaders in the same way British Prime Ministers were. Wilson also hoped that the parties could be reorganized along ideological, not geographic, lines.

Public Administration

Also studied public administration, which he called "government in action; it is the executive, the operative, the most visible side of government, and is of course as old as government itself". He believed that by studying public administration governmental efficiency could be increased.

Was concerned with the implementation of government. He faulted political leaders who focused on philosophical issues and the nature of government and dismissed the critical issues of government administration as mere "practical detail".

Thought the United States required greater compromise because of the diversity of public opinion and the difficulty of forming a majority opinion. Thus practical reform to the government is necessarily slow. Yet Wilson insisted that "administration lies outside the proper sphere of politics" and that "general laws which direct these things to be done are as obviously outside of and above administration."

1902-1910 President Princeton University

1910 Elected President of the American Political Science Association but soon decided to leave his Princeton post and enter New Jersey state politics

1910 Democratic Party candidate for Governor NJ, elected

Jan 17 1911-Mar 1 1913 Governor NJ

1912 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1916 Democratic Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Mar 4 1913-Mar 4 1921 28th President U.S.

In the 1916 election, after a hard-fought contest, Wilson defeated Charles Evans Hughes by a narrow margin in the popular vote and with a narrow majority in the Electoral College by winning several swing states with razor-thin margins. Wilson's re-election marked the first time since the Civil War that the Democratic Party won two consecutive Presidential elections, and he became the first Democrat to win two consecutive Presidential elections since Andrew Jackson.

President Wilson led the U.S. delegation to the Paris Peace Conference which took place at Versailles Palace outside Paris Jan 18 1919-Jan 21 1920, with a few intervals, a meeting of the victorious Allied Powers, following the end of World War I, to set the peace terms for the defeated Central Powers

The Treaty of Versailles, signed on Jun 28, 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles outside Paris, was the peace settlement between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers, that officially ended World War I  

"The Big Four" at the Paris Peace Conference were the President of the United States Woodrow Wilson, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Lloyd George, the President of France Georges Clemenceau, the Prime Minister of Italy Vittorio Emanuele Orlando. "The Big Four" made all the major decisions at the Conference.

With his attendance at the Paris Peace Conference, Wilson became the first U.S. President to travel to Europe while in office

Incapacity

The immediate cause of Wilson's incapacitation in Sep 1919 was the physical strain of the public speaking tour he undertook to obtain support for ratification of Treaty of Versailles. In Pueblo, Colorado, on Sep 25, 1919, he collapsed and never fully recovered.

Oct 2, 1919, suffered a serious stroke that almost totally incapacitated him, leaving him paralyzed on his left side, and only able to see out of a corner of his right eye. He was confined to bed for weeks, sequestered from nearly everyone except his wife, Edith Wilson, and his physician, Dr. Cary Grayson. For at least a few months, he used a wheelchair. Later, he could walk only with the assistance of a cane. His wife and his aide Joe Tumulty helped a journalist, Louis Seibold, present a false account of an interview with the President.

With few exceptions, senior government officials were not allowed to see him for the remainder of his term. His wife, Edith Wilson, took control, selecting issues for his attention and delegating other issues to his cabinet heads. Eventually, Wilson resumed his attendance at cabinet meetings, but his input there was perfunctory at best. By Feb 1920 the President's true condition was known to all. Nearly every major newspaper expressed qualms about Wilson's fitness for the Presidency at a time when the League of Nations fight was reaching a climax and domestic issues such as strikes, unemployment, inflation and the threat of Communism were ablaze. There was no mechanism to remove him.

This was the most complex case of Presidential disability in American history and became a central argument for the 25th Amendment, which handles the issue of a disabled President

1920 Presidential Election

It was widely accepted prior to the 1920 election that President Wilson would not run for a third term, and would certainly not be nominated if he did make an attempt to regain the nomination. While Vice President Thomas Marshall had long held a desire to succeed Wilson, his indecisive handling of the situation around Wilson's illness and incapacity destroyed any credibility he had as a candidate, and in the end he did not formally put himself forward for the nomination.

Although William Gibbs McAdoo, Wilson's son-in-law and former Treasury Secretary, was the strongest candidate, Wilson blocked his nomination in hopes a deadlocked convention would demand that he run for a third term, even though he was seriously ill, physically immobile, and in seclusion at the time. The Democrats nominated Governor James M. Cox of Ohio as their Presidential candidate, and 38-year-old Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt of New York, a fifth cousin of the late President Theodore Roosevelt, for Vice President.

Post Presidency

In 1921, Wilson and his wife Edith retired from the White House to an elegant 1915 town house in the Embassy Row (Kalorama) section of Washington, D.C.

Wilson continued daily drives, and attended Keith's vaudeville theatre on Saturday nights

Wilson was one of only two Presidents, Theodore Roosevelt was the first, to have served as president of the American Historical Association

On November 10, 1923, Wilson made a short Armistice Day radio speech from the library of his home, his last national address. The following day he spoke briefly from the front steps to more than 20,000 well wishers gathered outside the house.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 21, 2013, 11:28:57 pm
1912 Continued

Woodrow Wilson Continued

First Lady of the United States

Ellen Wilson died on August 6, 1914, while her husband, Woodrow Wilson, was still in office.  Ellen Wilson was First Lady 1913-1914. Their daughter, Margaret Woodrow Wilson, acted as White House hostess 1914-1915, until President Wilson married Edith Galt, on Dec 18 1915, making Edith Wilson First Lady 1915-1921.

Ellen Wilson

A descendant of slave owners, Ellen Wilson lent her prestige to the cause of improving housing in the capital's largely black slums. She visited dilapidated alleys and brought them to the attention of debutantes and Congressmen. Her death spurred passage of a remedial bill she had worked for.

Edith Wilson

At age 15 Enrolled in Martha Washington College, a precursor of Emory and Henry College, a finishing school for girls in Abingdon, Virginia. Returned home after a single semester.

At age 17 enrolled in Powell's  School for Girls in Richmond, Virginia. Powell's School closed at the end of the year.

Thomas R Marshall IN Democratic

1869 His parents sent him to Wabash College, in Crawfordsville IN, where he received a classical education

Participated in literary and debating societies, founded a Democratic Club. He secured a position on the staff of the college newspaper, the Geyser, and began writing political columns defending Democratic policies.

Was the defendant in a law suit and traveled to Indianapolis in search of a defense lawyer and employed future United States President Benjamin Harrison, then a prominent lawyer in the area

Graduated in June 1873, receiving the top grade in fourteen of his thirty-six courses in a class of twenty-one students. As a result of his libel case, he had become increasingly interested in law and began seeking someone to teach him. At that time, the only way to become a lawyer in Indiana was to apprentice under a member of the Indiana bar association.

Went to live with his parents, who had moved to Columbia City. There he read law in the office of Walter Olds, a future member of the Indiana Supreme Court. He studied in the office for over a year and was admitted to the Indiana bar on April 26, 1875.

1880 Democratic candidate for District Prosecuting Attorney, lost

Marshall remained active in the Democratic party after his 1880 defeat and began stumping on behalf of other candidates and helping to organize party rallies across the state

1904 became a member of the state Democratic Central Committee
 
1906 Declined Democratic Party nomination to run for Congress.  He did hint to state party leaders that he would be interested in running for Governor in the 1908 election.

Jan 11 1909-Jan 13 1913 Governor IN

IN constitution prevented Marshall from serving a consecutive term as Governor, made plans to run for a United States Senate seat after his term as Governor ended

1912 Did not attend Democratic National Convention in Baltimore, his name was put forward as Indiana's choice for President, as a compromise candidate. Presidential nomination was won by Woodrow Wilson.

1912 Instead received Democratic Party nomination for Vice President U.S.
Privately turned down the nomination, assuming the job would be boring given its limited role. He changed his mind after Wilson assured him that he would be given plenty of responsibilities.

1912 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Woodrow Wilson, won

1916 Democratic Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with Woodrow Wilson, reelected

Mar 4 1913-Mar 4 1921 28th Vice President U.S. with Woodrow Wilson

1919-1920, during the serious illness of President Wilson, Secretary of State Robert Lansing was the first official to propose that Marshall forcibly assume the Presidency. Other cabinet secretaries backed Lansing's request, as did Congressional leaders, including members of both the Democratic and Republican parties who sent private communications to Marshall. Marshall was cautious in accepting their offers of support. After consulting with his wife and his long-time personal adviser, Mark Thistlethwaite, he privately refused to assume Wilson's duties and become Acting President of the United States. The process for declaring a President incapacitated was unclear at that time, and he feared the precedent that might be set if he forcibly removed Wilson from office. Marshall wanted the President to voluntarily allow his powers to devolve to the Vice President, but that was impossible given his condition and unlikely given Wilson's dislike for Marshall. Marshall informed the cabinet that the only cases in which he would assume the Presidency were a joint resolution of Congress calling on him to do so, or an official communication from Wilson or his staff asserting his inability to perform his duties.  

1920 Had his name entered as a candidate for the Presidential nomination at the Democratic National Convention

Marshall had long held a desire to succeed Wilson, but his indecisive handling of the situation around Wilson's illness and incapacity destroyed any credibility he had as a candidate, and in the end he did not formally put himself forward for the nomination

Ultimately he endorsed the Democratic nominees, James M. Cox as President and Franklin Delano Roosevelt as Vice President

Second Lady of the United States Lois Marshall 1913-1921

She became involved in charitable activities in Washington DC and spent time working at the Diet Kitchen Welfare Center providing free meals to impoverished children.

In 1917 she became acquainted with a mother of newborn twins, one of whom was chronically ill. The child's parents were unable to get adequate treatment for their son's condition. Lois Marshall formed a close bond with the baby, who was named Clarence Ignatius Morrison, and offered to take him and help him find treatment. The Marshalls had been unable to have children but they never officially adopted Morrison because they believed that to go through the procedure while his parents were still alive would appear unusual to the public. They instead made a special arrangement with his parents. Morrison lived with the Marshalls for the rest of his life. In correspondence they referred to him as Morrison Marshall, but in person they called him Izzy. Lois took him to see many doctors and spent all her available time trying to nurse him back to health but his condition worsened and he died in February 1920, just before his fourth birthday.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 22, 2013, 01:29:51 pm
1912 Continued

Theodore Roosevelt NY Progressive Party ("Bull Moose") candidate for President U.S., see 1904

Hiram Johnson CA Republican, Progressive Party ("Bull Moose"), Republican

=====
Son of Grove Lawrence Johnson, a Republican Representative and a member of the California State Legislature

Mother was Annie DeMontfredy, partially descended of a family of Huguenots who had left France to escape religious persecution there. Annie was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution, claiming descent from a general of the Continental Army.
=====

Attended Heald College, a business–career college with multiple campuses in California

First worked as a shorthand reporter and stenographer in law offices

Eventually pursued a legal career, studying at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was a member of the Chi Phi Fraternity

Admitted to the bar in 1888 and commenced practice in Sacramento

1902 Moved to San Francisco where he served as Assistant District Attorney and became active in reform politics, taking up an anti-corruption mantle

Attracted statewide attention in 1908 when he assisted lawyer, judge, and politician Francis J. Heney in the graft prosecution of corrupt political boss Abe Ruef and San Francisco Mayor Eugene Schmitz. His success was due in large measure to the fact that after Heney was gunned down in the courtroom, he took the lead for the prosecution and won the case.

Jan 3 1911-Mar 15 1917 Governor CA, won the gubernatorial election in 1910 as a member of the Lincoln-Roosevelt League, a liberal Republican movement

1912 A founder of the Progressive Party

1912 Progressive Party ("Bull Moose") candidate Vice President U.S. with Theodore Roosevelt, lost

1914 Reelected Governor  CA

1916 Theodore Roosevelt was again nominated as the Progressive Party ("Bull Moose") candidate for President, with Businessman John M Parker of Louisiana nominated for Vice President.  Hiram Johnson was one of the others mentioned as a possible candidate for Vice President on the Progressive Party ticket, but withdrew his name in favor of Parker.

Roosevelt met with Republican Presidential nominee Charles Evans Hughes, decided not to contest the election, and endorsed Hughes

Mar 16 1917-Aug 6 1945 U.S. Senate CA, died in office

In the 1916 U.S. Senate election in California, progressive Republican candidate Johnson defeated California attorney, businessman, political figure and Mayor of the city of San Marino, Democratic candidate George Smith Patton.  George Smith Patton  was  the son of George S. Patton Sr., a Confederate Colonel during the American Civil War, and the father of George S. Patton, the General who commanded the Third United States Army during World War II.  

1919 Following Theodore Roosevelt's death in January 1919, Johnson was regarded as the natural leader of the Progressive Party, however, in 1920, he did not attempt to revive the Progressive Party

1920 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Warren G Harding

1924 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Calvin Coolidge

1932, 1936 Supported Democrat Franklin D Roosevelt in Presidential elections
 
William Howard Taft OH Republican candidate for President U.S., see 1908

James S Sherman NY renominated as Republican candidate for Vice President U.S., died before election, see 1908

Nicholas Murray Butler NY, Republican, replacement candidate for Vice President U.S.

Enrolled in Columbia College, later Columbia University, earned  Bachelor of Arts degree 1882, master's degree 1883, doctorate 1884

1885 Studied in Paris and Berlin and became a lifelong friend of future Secretary of State Elihu Root. Through Root he also met Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.

Fall of 1885 Joined the staff of Columbia's philosophy department

1887 Cofounded, and became president of, the New York School for the Training of Teachers, which later affiliated with Columbia University and was renamed Teachers College, Columbia University

1890-1891 A lecturer at Johns Hopkins University Baltimore

Throughout the 1890s served on the New Jersey Board of Education and helped form the College Entrance Examination Board

1901 Acting president Columbia University

1902-1945 President Columbia University
 
Was a delegate to each Republican National Convention from 1888 to 1936

Chair of the Lake Mohonk Conference on International Arbitration that met periodically from 1907 to 1912

During this time he was appointed president of the American branch of International Conciliation

1912 When Vice President and 1912 Republican Vice Presidential candidate, James S. Sherman, running on the Republican ticket with President William Howard Taft, died a few days before the Presidential election, Butler was designated as the replacement Republican candidate for Vice President U.S., and to receive the electoral votes that Sherman would have received

1916 Tried to secure Republican Presidential nomination for Elihu Root.  Nomination won by Charles Evans Hughes.

1920 Sought Republican Presidential nomination for himself, nomination won by Warren G Harding

1928 Sought Republican Presidential nomination for himself, nomination won by Herbert Hoover

1928-1941 President of The American Academy of Arts and Letters

1928-1946 President of the elite Pilgrims Society, which promotes Anglo-American friendship

1931 Received Nobel Peace Prize

Believed that prohibition was a mistake, with negative effects on the country. He became active in the successful effort for repeal of prohibition in 1933.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 22, 2013, 10:33:56 pm
1912 Continued

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1900

Emil Seidel WI Socialist Party of America

Patternmaker

1886 At the age of 22, went abroad to refine his skills as a woodcarver. Lived for six years in Berlin working at his trade during the day and attending school at night. It was in this period he became an active socialist. Upon his return to Milwaukee, 1892, joined the Pattern Makers Union.

1892 After return to U.S. joined the Socialist Labor Party of America. He was a charter member of the first SLP branch in Milwaukee

Later joined the Social Democracy of America (established 1897), the Social Democratic Party of America (established 1898), and the Socialist Party of America (established 1901) in turn

1904 Was one of nine Socialists to win electoral victory as Milwaukee city aldermen. Served two terms in that position before being elected as an Alderman-at-Large in 1909.

1910 Elected Mayor of Milwaukee, WI, becoming the first Socialist mayor of a major city in the U.S.

1912 Milwaukee, WI Mayoral election, Democratic and Republican parties joined forces to defeat Seidel

1912 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene V Debs, lost

Most of his remaining political involvement was in local Milwaukee politics

1932 Socialist Party of America candidate for U.S. Senate WI, Lost

1916-1920 and 1932-1936 served two more terms as alderman in Milwaukee

Eugene W Chafin IL Prohibition candidate for President U.S. See 1908

Aaron S Watkins OH Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1908

Arthur E Reimer MA Socialist Labor Party of America

Worked as a ladies' tailor in his younger years

Attended Northeastern University, Boston, earned a law degree 1912

1898 Joined the Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP)

1905 Was among those SLP members who joined the new Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

Exited that organization along with his party comrades in 1908

1908 Helped to establish a rival organization, the Workers International Industrial Union (WIIU) as a result of disagreement between the IWW majority and the SLP group over matters of strategy and tactics

1912 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

1913 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor MA, lost

1914 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor MA, lost

1914 Named the representative of the Socialist Labor Party to the International Socialist Bureau at the meeting of the Second International in Vienna, Austria

1916 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

August Gillhaus NY Socialist Labor Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1908




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 23, 2013, 01:52:10 pm
1916

Woodrow Wilson NJ Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1912

Thomas R Marshall IN Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1912

Charles Evans Hughes NY Republican

=====
Father of Charles Evans Hughes Jr, Secretary to New York Judge, and future Supreme Court of the United States Justice, Benjamin N. Cardozo 1914-1916, U.S. Solicitor General 1929-1930
=====

At age 14, enrolled at Madison University, now Colgate University, Hamilton Village, NY

Transferred to Brown University, Providence, RI. Graduated third in his class at age 19

Read law and entered Columbia Law School, New York City, NY, in 1882, where he graduated in 1884 with highest honors

While studying law, taught at Delaware Academy, Delhi, NY

1888-1891 Senior Partner in law firm

1891-1893 Law Professor Cornell University Law School

1893-1906 Senior Partner in law firm

1893-1895 Special lecturer Cornell University Law School  

1893-1900 Special lecturer New York University Law School

At that time, in addition to practicing law, Hughes taught at New York Law School with Woodrow Wilson, who would later defeat him for the Presidency, in 1916

1905 Appointed as counsel to the New York state legislative "Stevens Gas Commission", a committee investigating utility rates. His uncovering of corruption led to lower gas rates in New York City.
 
1906 Appointed to "Armstrong Insurance Commission" to investigate the insurance industry in New York as a special assistant to U.S. Attorney General

Jan 1 1907-Oct 6 1910 Governor NY, elected 1906 reelected 1908

1908 Offered Republican Vice Presidential nomination by William Howard Taft, but declined it to run again for Governor NY. Theodore Roosevelt became an important supporter of Hughes.

1909 Led an effort to incorporate Delta Upsilon fraternity. This was the first fraternity to incorporate, and he served as its first international president

Apr 25, 1910 Appointed by President William Howard Taft to a seat as Associate Justice on U.S. Supreme Court, confirmed by U.S. Senate May 2, 1910, and received his commission the same day

Oct 10 1910-Jun 10 1916 Associate Justice U.S. Supreme Court

Jun 10 1916 Resigned from the U.S. Supreme Court to become the Republican Party candidate for President U.S. in 1916 Presidential election. He was also endorsed by the Progressive Party thanks to the support given to him from former President Theodore Roosevelt. Other Republican figures such as former President William Howard Taft endorsed Hughes.  

1916 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson in a close election

Mar 5 1921-Mar 4 1925 U.S. Secretary of State under Warren G Harding and Calvin Coolidge

1926 Appointed by New York Governor Alfred E. Smith to be the chairman of a State Reorganization Commission through which Smith's plan to place the Governor as the head of a rationalized state government, was accomplished, bringing to realization what Hughes himself had envisioned

Various Appointments

1907 Became the first President of the newly formed Northern Baptist Convention

Also served as President of the New York State Bar Association

After leaving the State Department, he again rejoined his old partners at the Hughes firm, which included his son and future United States Solicitor General Charles E. Hughes, Jr., and was one of the nation's most sought-after advocates. From 1925 to 1930, for example, Hughes argued over 50 times before the U.S. Supreme Court.

1925–1926 Represented the API (American Petroleum Institute) before the FOCB (Federal Oil Conservation Board)

1926-1930 Served as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and as a judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague, Netherlands

1927 One of the co-founders of the National Conference on Christians and Jews, now known as the National Conference for Community and Justice (NCCJ), along with S. Parkes Cadman and others, to oppose the Ku Klux Klan, anti-Catholicism, and anti-Semitism in the 1920s and 1930s

1928-1930 A delegate to the Pan American Conference on Arbitration and Conciliation

1928 Conservative business interests tried to interest Hughes in the Republican Presidential nomination instead of Herbert Hoover. Hughes, citing his age, turned down the offer.

Feb 3 1930 Appointed Chief Justice of the United States by President Herbert Hoover, confirmed by the United States Senate Feb 13, 1930, and received commission the same day, serving in this capacity until Jun 30 1941. Hughes replaced former President William Howard Taft, a fellow Republican who had also lost a Presidential election to Woodrow Wilson, in 1912, and who, in 1910, had appointed Hughes to his first tenure on the Supreme Court.

Feb 13 1930-Jun 30 1941 Chief Justice of the United States

Administered the oath of office three times to Franklin D. Roosevelt as the 32nd President of the United States

First inauguration Mar 4 1933

It was the last inauguration to be held on the prescribed date of March 4. Under the terms of the Twentieth Amendment, all subsequent inaugurations have taken place on Jan 20.

Second inauguration Jan 20 1937

Third inauguration Jan 20 1941  

Charles W Fairbanks IN Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1904




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 24, 2013, 11:29:32 pm
1916 Continued

Allan L Benson  NY Socialist Party of America, Social Democratic League of America

Took the state examination to become a school teacher and passed, earning a certificate to teach in a district school

Newspaper Editor

During his tenure as a newspaper editor, read an encyclopedia article on the topic of socialism written by an English Fabian and was thereby won over to the socialist movement. Joined the staff of the Appeal to Reason, a mass circulation socialist weekly published in Girard, Kansas and his editorials for that publication made him into a nationally recognized figure among radical American political activists.

Championed a proposal to ban American entry from World War I unless participation was first approved by a national referendum of the American people  

This extreme position on American entry into the European war found a receptive audience among Socialist Party's rank and file

1916 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

1918 Broke with Socialist Party of America and joined their political rival, the Social Democratic League of America

Following his switch of organizational affiliation, hired as a staff writer for The New Appeal, which had evolved into the semi-official organ of the Social Democratic League

1919-1921 Publisher of a new monthly magazine called Reconstruction, subtitled "A Herald of the New Time"

George Ross Kirkpatrick NJ Socialist Party of America

Attended Allegheny College Preparatory School before enrolling in Ohio Wesleyan University

Received Bachelor's degree from Albion College and did graduate coursework at Vanderbilt University and the University of Chicago

Upon graduation, worked as a teacher at Kansas Methodist College and Ripon College for 4 years before moving to the Socialist Party-affiliated Rand School of Social Science in New York City

1903 Joined Socialist Party of America

For nearly 20 years thereafter traveled across America as a lecturer for the party, speaking to general audiences on the topic of militarism and other political and economic questions

1916 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Allan L Benson, lost

1924 In Chicago on the payroll of the Socialist Party as the manager of its "Department of Literature." In that capacity he prepared several propaganda leaflets which were distributed in quantity by the party during the 1924 campaign season.

Organization Director Socialist Party of America

Nov 1925-May 1926 Acting Executive Secretary Socialist Party of America

1928 Socialist Party of America candidate U.S. Senate IL, lost

1932 and 1934 Socialist Party of America candidate U.S. Senate CA, losing both times

Frank Hanley IN Republican, Prohibition Party, Progressive Party

At age sixteen left home to attend the common schools and the Eastern Illinois Normal School at Danville, Vermilion County, Illinois, until 1879. He worked odd jobs to pay for his schooling. That year he graduated and moved to Warren County, Indiana where he taught in the state public schools from 1881 to 1889.

1890-1891 IN State Senate, Republican

Mar 4 1895-Mar 3 1897 U.S. House of Representatives IN, Republican

His district was realigned by the Democratic controlled Indiana General Assembly, who created a gerrymander of his district

1896 Lost bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives IN

1899 launched a campaign for Republican nomination for U.S. Senate in 1899, but was defeated in Republican legislature

After losing the nomination, briefly retired from politics. Went on a speaking tour around the state to build up support for another run for office

1904 Reentered politics and won Republican nomination for Governor IN

Jan 9 1905-Jan 11 1909 Governor IN, Republican

1910-1920 A prohibition lecturer throughout the United States and in France in 1919

Organized the Flying Squadron of America (sometimes called Hanly's Flying Squadron), a temperance organization which advocated prohibition nationally and played an important role in raising awareness about the effects of alcohol in a nationwide campaign to  promote temperance and in arousing public support for prohibition.

1909 Left Republican Party to join the new Prohibition Party

1915 Nominated as Prohibition Party candidate for Governor IN but he declined and instead became the Progressive Party's candidate

1915 Progressive Party candidate for Governor IN, lost

1916 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

Ira Landrith TN Prohibition Party

Presbyterian minister

1904-1912 President, Belmont College, Nashville

1913-1915 President, Ward-Belmont College

1916 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Frank Hanley, lost

1920-1927 President, Intercollegiate Prohibition Association

1928-1931 President, National Temperance Council

Member Anti-Saloon League

Arthur E Reimer MA Socialist Labor Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1912

Caleb Harrison IL Socialist Labor Party of America

1916 Jailed in Homestead, Pennsylvania for making a radical speech

1916 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Arthur E Reimer, lost
 
Theodore Roosevelt nominated as Progressive Party candidate for President U.S., withdrew from election. See 1904

John M Parker LA Democratic, Progressive, Democratic, nominated by Progressive Party for Vice President U.S. on the ticket with Theodore Roosevelt

Parker was educated at the Chamberlain-Hunt Academy, Belle View Academy, and Eastman's Business School in New Orleans

Became a prominent businessman

President of the New Orleans Cotton Exchange

President of the New Orleans Board of Trade

Became an outspoken opponent of the Louisiana Lottery and the New Orleans political machine

1910 became the leader of the Good Government League

Served as Louisiana Food Administrator

1916 Parker ran for Governor of Louisiana as the nominee of Roosevelt's 1912 Progressive Party, lost

1916 Parker, a friend and admirer of Theodore Roosevelt, was nominated by the Progressive Party for Vice President U.S. on the ticket with Theodore Roosevelt, but Roosevelt returned to the Republican Party, endorsed Republican Presidential nominee Charles Evans Hughes for President U.S., and the Progressive Party did not contest the 1916 Presidential election

Parker remained the Vice Presidential nominee of the Progressive Party, and endorsed President Woodrow Wilson for the Presidency

Roosevelt selected Parker as one of eighteen officers to raise a volunteer infantry division, Roosevelt's World War I volunteers, for service in France in 1917. The U.S. Congress gave Roosevelt the authority to raise up to four divisions, however, as Commander-in-chief, President Woodrow Wilson refused to make use of the volunteers and the unit disbanded.

1920 Parker returned to the Democratic Party, considered an essential move to win a Louisiana election at the time, and was elected Governor of Louisiana

May 11 1920 – May 13 1924 Governor of Louisiana

Became a leading figure in the Anti-Long Constitutional League



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on November 27, 2013, 11:24:49 pm
1920

Warren G Harding OH Republican

1882 Graduated from Ohio Central College in Iberia with a Bachelor of Science Degree

Became an accomplished public speaker in college

Upon graduating, had stints as a teacher and as an insurance man, and made a brief attempt at studying law. He then purchased, with others, a failing newspaper, The Marion Star, weakest of the growing city's three papers, and its only daily, and made a success of it.

1884 Attended the Republican National Convention and supported the Presidential candidacy of James G Blaine who would go on to lose to Grover Cleveland

Candidate for Marion County OH Auditor's office, lost

Jan 1 1900-Jan 4 1904 OH State Senate

Republican Floor Leader in second term in OH State Senate

1903 Announced campaign for Governor OH, withdrew shortly afterwards

Jan 11 1904-Jan 8 1906 Lieutenant Governor OH

1906 Again announced campaign for Governor OH, again withdrew from contention

1908 Republican candidate for Governor OH, lost

1912 Delivered nominating speech for incumbent President William Howard Taft, who would later serve as Chief Justice of the U.S. during Harding's administration and who was nominated for Chief Justice by Harding

Mar 4 1915-Jan 13 1921 U.S. Senate OH, becoming Ohio's first Senator elected by popular vote

1918 When Theodore Roosevelt was entertaining plans, later abandoned, to reprise his Presidency, he considered Harding had strong potential to run and serve as Vice President, and discussed with Harry Daugherty, political ally and advisor to Harding, the desirability of having Harding on his ticket

1920 The GOP bosses were determined to have a dependable listener as the Republican Presidential nominee. Some in the party began to scout for such an alternative, and Harding's name arose, despite his reluctance, due to his unique ability to draw vital Ohio votes. Harry Daugherty, who became Harding's campaign manager, and who was sure none of the declared candidates could garner a majority, convinced Harding to run after a marathon discussion of six-plus hours.

Harding was selected by party bosses as the compromise candidate in a meeting that took place in what came to be known as the "smoke filled room". Harding was nominated at the Republican convention as the candidate for President U.S. on the tenth ballot.

The local Masons could not resist the opportunity to co-opt Harding's new status, and promoted him to the Sublime Degree of a Master Mason

Harding's supporters thought of him as the next McKinley

1920 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1921-Aug 2 1923 29th President U.S., died in office

June 1923, President Harding set out on a westward cross-country "Voyage of Understanding", in which he planned to renew his connection with the people, away from the capital, and explain his policies. Became the first U.S. President to visit Alaska. Died in San Francisco Aug 2 1923 while on the tour.  

First Lady of the United States Florence Harding 1921-1923

Began studies at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music but dropped out at age 19.

Calvin Coolidge MA Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1924

James M Cox OH Democratic

1886 After two years of high school passed teacher’s examination and at the age of 16 years, began teaching school

Commenced newspaper career as reporter on Middletown, Ohio, Signal and in 1892 went to work on the Cincinnati Enquirer. Became owner and publisher of the Dayton Daily News in 1898, of the Springfield Daily News in 1903, of the Miami, Florida, News in 1923, of the Atlanta, Georgia, Journal in 1939, of the Dayton Journal and Herald in 1949, and of the Atlanta, Georgia, Constitution in 1950.

1894-1897 Secretary to Democratic Congressman Paul J Sorg OH

Mar 4 1909-Jan 12 1913 U.S. House of Representatives OH, resigning after winning election as Governor OH

Jan 13 1913–Jan 11 1915 Governor OH

1914 Defeated for reelection as Governor OH

1916 Reelected Governor OH

Jan 8 1917-Jan 10 1921 Governor OH

1920 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

Built a large newspaper enterprise, Cox Enterprises

1932, 1936, 1940, 1944 Supported and campaigned for the Presidential candidacies of his former running mate Franklin D Roosevelt. Roosevelt was the 1920 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Cox.

1933 Appointed by President Franklin D Roosevelt as Vice Chairman of U.S. delegation to the failed London Economic Conference and as President of its monetary commission

1946 Declined appointment to U.S. Senate OH by Democratic Governor Frank Lausche

Franklin D Roosevelt NY Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1932


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Napoleon on December 08, 2013, 10:03:17 pm
Death to winfields haters! Great thread.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 08, 2013, 11:04:04 pm
1920 Continued

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1900

Seymour Stedman IL Democratic, People's Party, Social Democracy of America, Socialist Party of America

In 1889 Stedman decided that he wanted to be a lawyer. He approached the dean of the Northwestern University School of Law and told him of his desires, admitting that he had had only three years of formal education. After grilling the youth for an hour to determine Stedman's level of reading capability and intelligence, the dean relented and admitted Stedman to the university. Stedman continued to work as a janitor during the day and attended university lectures in the evening. Stedman was ultimately admitted to the Illinois State Bar Association in 1891.

1890 Became a public orator on behalf of the Democratic Party

1894 Left Democratic Party in protest over the actions of Democratic President Grover Cleveland in the great railway strike

Briefly a member of the People's Party as a radical populist

1896 Elected to the 1896 National Convention of the People's Party where he attempted to start a movement among the delegates to draft Eugene Debs as the nominee of the People's Party for President U.S.  Debs stated he had no desire to run for President and the bid was over.

1896 Stedman was then free to support William Jennings Bryan for President

1897 Attended Social Democracy of America convention.  He and others bolted the convention over a policy issue.  Stedman and others, including Eugene Debs, established a new political organization of their own, the Social Democratic Party of America (SDP)

From 1898 was a member of the governing National Executive Committee of the SDP
  
1901 SDP merged with a similarly-named Eastern organization to form the Socialist Party of America (SPA) Stedman became a founding member

1908 Name was offered for nomination for Vice President of the United States at the SPA's 1908 Convention, lost race for nomination

1913 SPA candidate for Mayor of Chicago

During World War I, was a prominent defender of war opponents indicted for sedition

1920 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene Debs, lost

During the popular front period of the late 1930s, was briefly a member of the Communist Party of America

Parley P Christensen UT, IL, CA Republican, Farmer-Labor Party

1890 Graduated from the University of Utah Normal School

Teacher and principal in Murray and Grantsville

1892-1895 School superintendent in Toole County

Earned a bachelor of laws degree from Cornell University law school in New York, and returned to practice law in Salt Lake City

Late 1890s City Attorney of Grantsville, UT where he became active in Republican politics

1895-1900 Secretary of the UT State Constitutional Convention

1900 Elected Salt Lake County Attorney

1900-1904 Was a Republican state officer, including party chairman

1902 Defeated for renomination as County Attorney

1904 Elected again as Salt Lake County Attorney

1906, 1908, 1910 Unsuccessfully sought Republican nomination for Congress

1910-1912 UT House of Representatives

1912 Joined Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party

1912 Progressive Party candidate for UT House of Representatives, lost

1914-1916 UT House of Representatives as a Progressive

Between 1915 and 1920 Christensen became increasingly involved with various left-wing and labor groups in Utah

1919 Helped organize Utah Labor Party

President of the Popular Government League, organized in 1916, which argued for adopting the initiative and referendum in Utah

June 1920 was a delegate to the Chicago joint conventions of the Labor Party of the United States and the progressive Committee of Forty-Eight, whose leaders hoped to merge and to nominate a Presidential ticket. The Farmer-Labor Party was the result, with Christensen chosen as Presidential nominee
 
1920 Chairman IL Progressive Party

1920 Farmer-Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

After 1920 traveled in Europe and Russia, and met with Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin; he wrote that he was impressed by Lenin's approachability and his command of the English language

1926 Progressive Party candidate U.S. Senate, IL, lost

Early 1930s Moved to California, where he joined with the End Poverty in California crusade, with the Utopian Society and with other leftist groups in the state

1935-1937 Los Angeles City Council, had endorsement of the End Poverty in California movement

1937 Did not run for reelection to Los Angeles City Council

1939-1949 Los Angeles City Council

Max S Hayes OH People's Party, Farmer-Labor Party  

Largely self-educated, only attending school through the 4th grade

Worked on the staff of the Cleveland Press from 1881 to 1890

1890 Became founder and editor of a labor newspaper of a decidedly Socialist bent, The Cleveland Citizen. This paper was named the official organ of the Cleveland Central Labor Union in 1892.

Remained active as editor of this weekly publication until 1939

1890-1896 Member People's Party

1896 Joined Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) serving as the Secretary of Section Cleveland SLP

1899 Left SLP

1900 Nominated for Vice President of the United States by the Hillquit faction in 1900, but withdrew in favor of the candidacy of Job Harriman in a unity ticket that brought together the former-SLP dissidents with the Chicago-based Social Democratic Party of America of Eugene V. Debs and Victor L. Berger

1900 Social Democratic Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost

Hayes was one of five members of the "Springfield SDP," joining a like number from the Chicago organization, named to a special committee in charge of preparations for the August 1901 Joint Unity Convention from which the Socialist Party of America was born

1902 Socialists' candidate for OH Secretary of State, lost

1912 At the AF of L's 1912 annual convention Hayes became the last socialist to challenge Gompers for the Presidency of the Federation. This was the first time since the organization's 1903 conclave that Gompers had been met by an opponent in his bid for re-election as head of the AF of L, lost

1919 resigned from Socialist Party, joined Farmer-Labor Party

1920 Farmer-Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Parley P Christensen, lost

1922-1924 Active in the Conference for Progressive Political Action (CPPA)

During the Great Depression served as a member of the Ohio State Adjustment Board of the National Recovery Administration, remaining in this capacity until termination of the National Recovery Administration in 1935

He was also a charter member of the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority, organized in 1933. He remained with the Metropolitan Housing Authority until 1937.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Endy on December 13, 2013, 08:38:38 pm
how about candidates for 2016 by using Wikipedia's list? That'd be interesting


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 14, 2013, 04:55:36 pm
1920 Continued

Aaron S Watkins IN Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1908

D Leigh Colvin NY Prohibition Party

American politician and member of the Prohibition Party and the Law Preservation Party

Attended American Temperance University and Ohio Wesleyan University before going on to study law at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Chicago, and Columbia University

1916 and 1932 Candidate for U.S. Senate NY, lost

1917 Candidate for Mayor New York City, NY, lost

1920 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Aaron S Watkins, lost

1922 Candidate U.S. House of Representatives NY, lost

1926-1932 Chairman Prohibition National Committee

1932 Candidate for U.S. Senate NY, lost

1936 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

James E Ferguson TX Anti-Prohibitionist Democrat, Democratic, American Party

Studied law in Bell County and was admitted to the bar

1903  Attorney in Belton and established Farmers State Bank. 1906 sold Farmers bank and established Temple State Bank

1903 Became City Attorney Belton, TX

Managed several local political campaigns

1903 Established Farmers State Bank, sold Farmers State Bank and established Temple State Bank

Managed several local political campaigns

Jan 19 1915-Aug 25 1917 Governor TX, ran as an anti-prohibitionist Democrat

1916 Reelected Governor TX

1917 Impeached before taking office for a second term as Governor

1918 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for Governor TX in Democratic primary, lost

1920 American Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding.  Was on ballot only in Texas.

1922 Failed in bid for U.S. Senate in 1922, having lost Democratic runoff election

1924 Entered his wife Miriam in the Democratic gubernatorial primary. She won, and with Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming, became one of the first two women elected Governors in the United States, both having followed husbands who had served earlier.

1925-1927 Miriam Ferguson, his wife, Governor TX, James Ferguson First Gentleman TX

1933-1935 Miriam Ferguson, his wife, Governor TX, James Ferguson First Gentleman TX

Williamm J Hough NY American Party

1920 American Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James E Ferguson, lost

William Wesley Cox MO Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1904

August Gillhaus NY Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1912

Robert Colvin Macauley MA Single Tax Party

News Reporter  

Worked as a clothing cutter

President Independent Clothing Cutters Association
 
1908-1920 Reporter for the Philadelphia Inquirer  

1915 Became active with the Single Tax Party when it was formed
  
1916 Candidate for U.S. Senate PA Single Tax Party, lost

1918 Candidate for Governor PA Single Tax Party, lost
 
1919-1920 National Chairman Single Tax Party

1920 Single Tax Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding
 
1924 Secretary Commonwealth Land Party after the Single Tax Party was renamed  

1926 Candidate for U.S. Senate PA Single Tax Party, lost

Manager, Winslow Taylor & Co., stockbrokers

Richard C Barnum OH

1920 Single Tax Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Robert Colvin Macauley, lost



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: politicus on February 27, 2014, 08:19:14 am
Death to winfields haters! Great thread.

Thanks Napoleon.  Much appreciated.

I have put a great deal of time and effort into this thread, and I hope some have found it interesting, informative, and worthwhile.

There is a bit more to come in this thread, something related but different, when I can get around to doing it.

I like to think I have no haters, only misinformed, misguided, and misunderstanding detractors.  :)

I don't mind the thread just the decision to sticky it.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: True Federalist on February 27, 2014, 11:12:07 am
Death to winfields haters! Great thread.

Thanks Napoleon.  Much appreciated.

I have put a great deal of time and effort into this thread, and I hope some have found it interesting, informative, and worthwhile.

There is a bit more to come in this thread, something related but different, when I can get around to doing it.

I like to think I have no haters, only misinformed, misguided, and misunderstanding detractors.  :)

I don't mind the thread just the decision to sticky it.

Why?  This seems like the perfect sort of thread to sticky.  Useful information on a particular topic that will be of occasional interest to people but which will not get many new posts once the data is compiled.  If we had more such threads, I'd sticky an metathread containing links to the individual threads instead, but we don't have them at the moment.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: BaconBacon96 on February 28, 2014, 02:12:04 am
It appears you have forgotten that George HW Bush was Director of the CIA 1976-1977.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on March 01, 2014, 03:06:57 pm
1924

Calvin Coolidge MA Republican

=====
Prominent Coolidges, related to Calvin Coolidge

Archibald Cary Coolidge, held posts as secretary to the American legation in Saint Petersburg, Russia 1890–1891, as private secretary to the American minister in France 1892, and as secretary to the American legation in Vienna 1893

At the end of World War I, more important assignments followed. Coolidge joined the Inquiry study group established by Woodrow Wilson. The U.S. State Department sent him in 1918 to Russia to report on the situation there. In 1919, he was made the head of the so-called Coolidge Mission, which was appointed by the American Delegation on 27 December and set up headquarters in Vienna. Secretary of State Robert Lansing informed Coolidge in a telegram dated 26 December 1918, that "You are hereby assigned to the American Commission to observe political conditions in Austria-Hungary and neighboring countries." Coolidge and his group in Vienna analyzed the state of affairs on Central Europe and the Balkans and made recommendations for the benefit of the U.S. participants at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919.

1921 Coolidge worked as a negotiator for the American Relief Administration and helped organize the humanitarian aid to Russia after the famine of 1921. Coolidge also was one of the founders of the Council on Foreign Relations, which grew out of the Inquiry study group, and served as the first editor of its publication Foreign Affairs from 1922 until his death in 1928.

Was a member of the Monticello Association and its president 1919-1925

Marcus A Coolidge, U.S. Senate MA 1931-1937, Democrat

Arthur W Coolidge, a member of Massachusetts State House of Representatives 1937- 1940, Massachusetts State Senate 1941–1946, Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1947-1949, unsuccessful Republican nominee for Governor of Massachusetts 1950

Coolidge's grandmother, Sarah Almeda Brewer, had two famous first cousins, Arthur Brown, U.S. Senator from Utah 1896-1897, Republican, and Olympia Brown, a women's suffragist. It is through Sarah Brewer that Coolidge indeterminably believed that he inherited American Indian ancestry.

Grandson of Calvin Galusha Coolidge, served in local government as a justice of the peace, constable, and selectman. Served in Vermont State House of Representatives 1860-1861

Son of John Calvin Coolidge Sr, Vermont State House of Representatives 1872-1878, Vermont State Senate 1910, appointed to military staff of Governor of Vermont, given title of Colonel, served in local offices including notary public, justice of the peace, tax collector
=====

Born July 4, 1872, the only U.S. President to be born on Independence Day

1895 Graduated from Amherst College, Amherst, MA, with a law degree

Distinguished himself in the debating class

While at Amherst College, was profoundly influenced by philosophy professor Charles E. Garman, a Congregational mystic, with a neo-Hegelian philosophy

1896 Campaigned locally for Republican Presidential candidate William McKinley, who won

Apprenticed at a law firm in Northampton, MA  

1897 Admitted to MA bar, opening his own law office in 1898
  
1897 Selected to be a member of the Republican City Committee

1898 Won election to City Council Northampton, MA

1899 Declined renomination for City Council Northampton, MA

1899 Elected City Solicitor, Northampton MA, a position elected by City Council

1901 Reelected City Solicitor Northampton, MA

1902 Chosen Clerk of Courts for Hampshire county, MA
 
1904 Candidate for Northampton School Board, lost, the only election he ever lost

1906 The local Republican committee nominated Coolidge for election to MA State House of Representatives, won

1907-1908 MA State House of Representatives

1910-1912 Mayor of Northampton, MA

1912-1915 MA State Senate  

1914-1915 President MA State Senate

1914 Towards the end of the term, many of Coolidge's associates were proposing his name for nomination to Lieutenant Governor MA

1915 As State Senate session ended, Coolidge's supporters encouraged him again to run for Lieutenant Governor MA. This time, he accepted their advice.

Jan 6 1916-Jan 2 1919 Lieutenant Governor MA

Jan 2 1919-Jan 6 1921 Governor MA

1920 Amherst College, Wesleyan University, Bates College, Vermont University each awarded the honorary degree of LL.D to Coolidge

1920 Republican Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Warren G Harding, elected

Mar 4 1921-Aug 2 1923 29th Vice President U.S.

The Vice Presidency did not carry many official duties, but Coolidge was invited by President Harding to attend cabinet meetings, making him the first Vice President to do so

1921-1933 Trustee Amherst College

On August 2, 1923, President Harding died suddenly while on a speaking tour of the western United States. Vice President Coolidge was in Plymouth Notch, Vermont, visiting his family home, which had neither electricity nor a telephone, when he received word by messenger of Harding's death. He dressed, said a prayer, and came downstairs to greet the reporters who had assembled. His father, John Calvin Coolidge Sr, a notary public, administered the Presidential oath of office in the family's parlor by the light of a kerosene lamp at 2:47 am on August 3, 1923. President Coolidge then went back to bed. He returned to Washington DC the next day, and was sworn in again as President U.S. by Justice Adolph A. Hoehling Jr of the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, to forestall the questionable authority of a notary public to administer the Presidential oath.

Aug 2 1923-Mar 4 1929 30th President U.S.

Became President upon death of President Harding Aug 2 1923

1924 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected, winning a full term as President U.S.

In the summer of 1927, Coolidge vacationed in the Black Hills of South Dakota, where he  surprisingly issued the famous statement that he would not seek a second full term as President: "I do not choose to run for President in 1928."

Post Presidency

Served as chairman of the non-partisan Railroad Commission, as honorary president of the American Foundation for the Blind, as a director of New York Life Insurance Company, as president of the American Antiquarian Society, and as a trustee of Amherst College. Received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Bates College in Lewiston, Maine.

Faced with looming defeat in the 1932 Presidential election, some Republicans spoke of rejecting Herbert Hoover as their party's nominee, and instead drafting Coolidge to run, but the former President made it clear that he was not interested in running again, and that he would publicly repudiate any effort to draft him, should it come about. Hoover was renominated, and Coolidge made several radio addresses in support of him.

Second Lady of the United States Grace Coolidge 1921-1923

First Lady of the United States Grace Coolidge 1923-1929

Enrolled 1898 at University of Vermont. She would become the first First Lady to have earned a four-year undergraduate degree.

From 1902 to 1904, inspired by a childhood friend who had pursued a career teaching deaf children, she studied lip reading at Clarke Schools for Hearing and Speech and became a teacher there. The education of deaf children remained her lifelong passion.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Mister Mets on July 17, 2014, 10:16:33 pm
This is an impressive resource, man.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on July 19, 2014, 03:20:40 pm
1924 Continued

Charles G Dawes IL Republican

=====
Seven generations earlier in 1628 the first William Dawes had been among the Puritans who came to America

Four generations earlier William Dawes Jr had ridden with Paul Revere on Apr 18 1775 to warn the Massachusetts colonists of the British advance which signalized the opening of the American Revolution

Son of Rufus R Dawes Brevet Brigadier General in Union Army during American Civil War, was noted for his service in famed Iron Brigade, particularly during Battle of Gettysburg, U.S. House of Representatives OH 1881-1883

Brother of Rufus C Dawes Businessman in oil and banking, in 1920s served as an expert on the commissions to prepare Dawes Plan and Young Plan to manage German reparations to Allies after World War I

Brother of Beman G Dawes U.S. House of Representatives OH 1905-1909

Brother of Henry M Dawes Businessman, banker, United States Comptroller of the Currency 1923-1924
=====

1884 Graduated from Marietta College with a bachelor's degree

1886 Graduated from University of Cincinnati Law School with a law degree

Returned to Marietta College to earn a master's degree

Admitted to the bar in Nebraska, and practiced law in Lincoln, NE 1887-1894

1894 Acquired interests in a number of Midwestern gas plants, and became President of both La Crosse Gas Light Company in La Crosse, WI and the Northwestern Gas Light and Coke Company in Evanston, IL

Dawes' prominent positions in business caught the attention of Republican party leaders

1896 Managed successful Illinois portion of William McKinley's winning campaign for President U.S.

Jan 1 1898-Sep 30 1901 Comptroller of the Currency, U.S. Department of the Treasury under President McKinley

1901 Left Department of the Treasury in order to pursue a U.S. Senate seat from IL, lost.  McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt preferred Dawes's opponent.

1902 Following this unsuccessful attempt at legislative office, Dawes declared that he was done with politics

1902 Organized the Central Trust Company of Illinois, where he served as its president until 1921

1915 Joined the Illinois Society of the Sons of the American Revolution by right of his descent from William Dawes

1917-1918 World War I Served in United States Army, commissioned Major, Lieutenant Colonel, and Brigadier General of the Seventeenth Engineers. Served with the American Expeditionary Force as chief of supply procurement and was a member of the Liquidation Commission, U.S. War Department.

1919 Resigned from the Army

Jun 23 1921-Jun 30 1922 First Director U.S. Bureau of the Budget under President Harding

1923 Appointed to the Allied Reparations Commission by Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover

1924 At Republican National Convention, President Calvin Coolidge was quickly selected almost without opposition to be the Republican Presidential nominee. The Vice Presidential nomination was more contested. Illinois Governor Frank Lowden was nominated, but declined. Coolidge's next choice was Idaho Senator William Borah, but he also declined the nomination. The Republican National Chairman, William Butler, pledged to nominate then Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover, but he was not sufficiently popular. Eventually, the delegates chose Dawes to be the Vice Presidential nominee. Coolidge quickly accepted the delegates' choice and felt that Dawes would be loyal to him and make a strong addition to his campaign.

1924 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Calvin Coolidge, won

Mar 4 1925-Mar 4 1929 30th Vice President U.S.

1925 For his work on the Dawes Plan, a program to enable Germany to restore and stabilize its economy, Dawes shared the Nobel Peace Prize. The plan was deemed unworkable and replaced with the Young Plan, which had harsher provisions against Germany.

1928 Republican Presidential nomination went to Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover. His supporters considered putting Dawes on the ticket for another term as Vice President. But President Coolidge made it known that he would consider Dawes' re-nomination to be a personal affront. The Senate Majority Leader, Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas, known for his skills in collaboration, was chosen.

Apr 16 1929-Dec 30 1931 U.S. Ambassador to United Kingdom

1930 Delegate to the London Naval Conference

1932 Accepted the chairmanship of the American delegation to the Disarmament Conference in Geneva but at the appeal of President Herbert Hoover to leave diplomatic office resigned to accept the chairmanship of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, a governmental agency empowered to lend money to banks, railroads, and other businesses in an effort to prevent total economic collapse during the depression

For the 1932 election, President Herbert Hoover considered the possibility of adding Dawes to the ticket as the Vice Presidential candidate in place of Curtis, but Dawes declined the potential offer

1932-1951 Chairman of the board of the City National Bank and Trust Co. until his death

Second Lady of the United States Caro Dawes 1925-1929

While serving as Second Lady, Dawes disappointed the social elite of Washington, DC because she declined many social invitations. Nonetheless, it was observed that her "manner was sweet and gentle, her conversation cultured, and her dignity unimpeachable."

Frank O Lowden IL Republican

At age fifteen began to teach in a one room school house in Hubbard, Iowa for five years

1885 Graduated from University of Iowa, aspired to be a lawyer, but taught high school for a year while learning stenography

1887 Graduated from Union College of Law, taking night courses, completing the two year curriculum in one year, finishing as valedictorian

1899 Professor of law at Northwestern University, Evanston, IL

1900 Declined the first assistant postmaster-generalship offered him by President McKinley, whom he had supported

1900 Delegate to Republican National Convention
  
1904 Delegate to Republican National Convention

1904-1912 Member of Republican National Committee

1904 Member of the executive committee of Republican National Committee

Nov 6 1906-Mar 3 1911 U.S. House of Representatives IL

Declined to run for another term for U.S. House of Representatives IL

1908 Member of the executive committee of Republican National Committee

Jan 8 1917-Jan 10 1921 Governor IL

1920 Was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination for President U.S., but the delegates deadlocked over several ballots between Lowden and General Leonard Wood, resulting in party leaders meeting privately to determine a compromise candidate. Their choice, Warren G. Harding, went on to win the nomination and the election.

1924 Was nominated for Vice President U.S. on the second ballot at the Republican National Convention, but declined the nomination, an action that, as of 2017, has never been repeated, and in the early 21st century is considered unthinkable

1928 Again positioned himself to run for the Republican nomination for President U.S. but was never much more than a minor threat to front runner Herbert Hoover, who went on to win the nomination and the election

1933 Appointed to be one of three receivers for the bankrupt Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. Served in this capacity with co-receivers Joseph B. Fleming and James E. Gorman, who had been president of the railroad since 1917, until his death in 1943.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on August 04, 2014, 06:53:01 pm
1924 Continued

John W Davis WV Democratic

=====
Son of John J Davis, who was a delegate in the Virginia General Assembly, and after the northwestern portion of Virginia broke away from the rest of Virginia in 1863 and formed West Virginia, he was elected to the new state's House of Delegates and later to the U.S. House of Representatives

Great Grandson of Tobias Martin, whose wife was a member of the Esdale family. The Esdales were members of the Religious Society of Friends, settled near Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. They had reportedly helped provide for the Continental Army under George Washington which had camped there in the winter of 1777–1778.

Cousin and adoptive father of Cyrus Vance, General Counsel for the Department of Defense 1961-1962, U.S. Secretary of the Army 1962-1964, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense 1964-1967, U.S. Secretary of State 1977-1980
=====

1892 Graduated Washington and Lee University with a major in Latin

Would have started law school directly after graduation, but he lacked funds. Instead, he became a school teacher for Major Edward H McDonald's children in Charles Town, West Virginia.

Nine months later returned home to Clarksburg and apprenticed at his father's law practice for fourteen months

1895 Graduated Washington and Lee University School of Law with a law degree and was elected Law Class Orator

Mar 4 1911-Aug 29 1913 U.S. House of Representatives WV

Aug 29 1913-Nov 21 1918 U.S. Solicitor General

Dec 18 1918-Mar 9 1921 U.S. Ambassador to United Kingdom

1920 A dark horse candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to James M Cox

A member of the National Advisory Council of the Crusaders, an influential organization that promoted the repeal of prohibition

1921 Founding President of the Council on Foreign Relations

Chairman of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

1922-1939 A trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation

1924 A dark horse candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S.

1924 Won the nomination for Democratic Party for President U.S. as a compromise candidate on the one hundred and third ballot, lost Presidential election to Calvin Coolidge

It was the longest continuously running convention in United States political history

Although Tennessee’s Andrew Johnson served as President after Lincoln was assassinated, Davis’ nomination made him the first Presidential candidate from any slave state since the Civil War, and as of 2016 he remains the only ever candidate from West Virginia

1928 Delegate from NY to Democratic National Convention

1932 Delegate from NY to Democratic National Convention

One of the most prominent and successful lawyers in the U.S. in the first half of the 20th century
 
Had been a member of the American Bar Association, the Council on Foreign Relations, Freemasons, Phi Beta Kappa, and Phi Kappa Psi

Charles W Bryan NE Democratic

=====
Son of Silas Bryan, an avid Jacksonian Democrat, member Illinois State Senate 1852-1860,  defeated for re-election in 1860. Won election as a state circuit judge.

Younger brother of perennial U.S. Democratic Presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan, member U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska 1891-1895, unsuccessful Democratic and Populist (People's) nominee for President U.S. 1896, unsuccessful Democratic nominee for President U.S. 1900, unsuccessful Democratic nominee for President U.S. 1908, U.S. Secretary of State 1913-1915

Together they share the distinction of being the only set of brothers to be nominated for national office by a major party
=====

Attended both the University of Chicago and Illinois College in Jacksonville

Business manager and political secretary for his brother, William Jennings Bryan, until William's death in 1925

1901-1923 publisher and associate editor of the "Commoner"

1915 Elected to Lincoln, NE City Commission

1915-1917 Mayor of Lincoln, NE

1921 Elected to Lincoln, NE City Commission

Jan 3 1923-Jan 8 1925 Governor NE

1924 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S., picked largely because of his name, with John W Davis, lost

Charles W Bryan was put on the ticket as candidate for Vice President U.S. with John W Davis to keep the Bryanites in line

William Jennings Bryan was very close to his brother and endorsed him for the Vice Presidency

1926 Democratic Party candidate for Governor NE, lost

1928 Democratic Party candidate for Governor NE, lost

Jan 8 1931-Jan 3 1935 Governor NE

1935-1937 Mayor of Lincoln, NE

1938 Democratic Party candidate for Governor NE, lost

Robert M La Follette WI Republican, Progressive

=====
Husband of Belle La Follette, nee Case.  They met while attending the University of Wisconsin, and married on December 31, 1881.  She became a leader in the feminist movement, an advocate of women's suffrage and an important influence on the development of La Follette's ideas.  After La Follette's death, his wife remained an influential figure and editor.

Their sons Robert Jr and Philip entered the political arena

Father of Robert M La Follette Jr, succeeded his father as U.S. Senator Wisconsin 1925-1947,  where he led the Progressive caucus composed of Progressive, Farm-Labor, American Labor, and various Republican and Democratic Party congressional representatives

With his brother Philip, Robert La Follette Jr formed the Wisconsin Progressive Party in 1934, and for a time the party was dominant in Wisconsin. One of the Senate's leading isolationists, Robert La Follette Jr helped found the America First Committee in 1940.

Robert M La Follette Jr returned to the Republican Party in 1946, where he was defeated in the Republican U.S. Senate Wisconsin primary by Joseph McCarthy

Father of Philip La Follette, District Attorney Dane County Wisconsin 1925-1927, Governor Wisconsin 1931-1933, defeated in 1932 in Republican Party primary for Governor, Governor Wisconsin 1935-1939, defeated in 1938 bid for reelection Governor Wisconsin

1938 Philip La Follete attempted to launch the National Progressive Party of America in an attempt to create a national third party, as the La Follettes had helped create in Wisconsin, in anticipation of Franklin D. Roosevelt not seeking a third term for President. The plan for a new National Progressive Party never materialized at the time, and Roosevelt soon decided to defy convention and precedent and seek a third term.  

Grandfather of Bronson La Follette, Democrat, Wisconsin Attorney General 1965-1969, unsuccessful Democratic candidate Governor Wisconsin 1968

La Follette's daughter, Flora "Fola," was married to playwright George Middleton.  Middleton was president of the Dramatists Guild of America 1927-1929.

La Follette's sister, Josephine, married Robert G. Siebecker, Wisconsin state judge 1890-1903, Wisconsin Supreme Court 1903-1920, Chief Justice Wisconsin Supreme Court 1920-1922, died in office
=====

Taught school for tuition money for the University of Wisconsin Madison

At the school, was deeply influenced by University president John Bascom on issues of morality, ethics and social justice. Studied oratory and, during his senior year, won a major Midwestern oratorical competition. Graduated in 1879.

Attended law school briefly and passed the bar in 1880

1889 Elected District Attorney for Dane County, WI, serving two terms

Mar 4 1885-Mar 4 1891 U.S. House of Representatives WI

1890 Defeated in bid for reelection to U.S. House of Representatives WI

In the early 1890s began to believe that much of the Republican Party had abandoned the ideals of its anti-slavery origins and become a tool for corporate interests

Jan 7 1901-Jan 1 1906 Governor WI

Jan 2 1906-Jun 18 1925 U.S. Senate WI, died in office

The first item on the agenda for Wisconsin's 1905 legislature was to elect a U.S. Senator. La Follette nominated himself and was confirmed by the State Senate. He kept serving as Governor and left Wisconsin's U.S. Senate seat unfilled until January 1, 1906, when he resigned to join the U.S. Senate. He publicly proclaimed this unusual action was done to ensure that his 1904 platform was enacted in Wisconsin.

1911 Set up a campaign to mobilize the progressive elements in the Republican Party behind his Presidential bid

1912 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to President William Howard Taft

1912 Opposed both Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft in the Presidential election

1920 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

1924 The Federated Farmer-Labor Party, FF-LP, sought to nominate La Follette as its candidate for President U.S. The FF-LP sought to unite all progressive parties into a single national Labor Party. However, after a bitter convention in 1923, the Communist-controlled Workers Party gained control of the national organization's structure. Just prior to its 1924 convention in St. Paul, La Follette denounced the Communists and refused to be considered for the FF-LP endorsement. With La Follette's snub, the FF-LP disintegrated, leaving only the Minnesota Farmer-Labor Party.

Instead, La Follette formed an independent Progressive Party and accepted its nomination for President U.S. with Democratic Senator Burton K. Wheeler of Montana as his running mate for Vice President U.S. The American Federation of Labor, the Socialist Party of America, the Conference for Progressive Political Action and most of the former supporters of the FF-LP along with various former "Bull Moose" Progressives and midwestern Progressive movement activists then joined La Follette and supported the Progressive Party.

1924 Progressive Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Calvin Coolidge, John W Davis  

La Follette has been called "arguably the most important and recognized leader of the opposition to the growing dominance of corporations over the Government" and is one of the key figures in Wisconsin's long history of political liberalism. In 1957, a Senate Committee selected La Follette as one of the five greatest U.S. Senators, along with Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, and Robert A. Taft. A 1982 survey asking historians to rank the "ten greatest Senators in the nation's history" based on "accomplishments in office" and "long range impact on American history," placed La Follette first, tied with Henry Clay.

Burton K Wheeler MT Democratic, Progressive, Democratic

1905 Graduated University of Michigan Law School

1910-1912 Montana State House of Representatives

Appointed as a United States Attorney

1920 Ran for Governor of Montana as a candidate of the Non-Partisan League. The ticket included a multi-racial set of candidates, unusual for 1920, including an African American and a Blackfoot Indian. Wheeler was defeated.

Mar 4 1923-Jan 3 1947 U.S. Senate MT

1924 Progressive Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Robert M La Follette, lost

Returned to Democratic Party after 1924 election

1930 Wheeler gained national attention when he successfully campaigned for the reelection to the U.S. Senate of his friend and Democratic colleague Thomas Gore of Oklahoma
 
1932 Supported Franklin D. Roosevelt's election, and many of his New Deal policies

1940 There was a large movement to "Draft Wheeler" into the Presidential race, possibly as a third party candidate, led primarily by John L Lewis, an American leader of organized labor who served as president of the United Mine Workers of America (UMW) 1920-1960, and president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) 1936-1940. The "Draft Wheeler" movement was unsuccessful.  

World War II Supported the anti-war America First Committee

Following Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor, did not oppose the United States' entry into World War II

1946 Sought renomination  to U.S. Senate MT, defeated in Democratic primary


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 15, 2014, 08:46:29 pm
1924 Continued

Herman P Faris MO Prohibition

A committed proponent of the temperance movement

Served for many years as treasurer of the Prohibition National Committee

1896 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor MO, lost

1908 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor MO, lost

1924 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Calvin Coolidge

Marie C Brehm CA Prohibition

Suffragette

Beginning in 1891 was very active in promoting the temperance movement through her work for the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)

1913 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson appointed her as a delegate to the World Anti-Alcohol Congress in Milan, Italy

Served as Superintendent of Franchise of the national WCTU and California State Superintendent of WCTU Institutes

Served as the first Vice President of the Woman’s Legislative Council of California
Was a member of the National Party

1924 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Herman P Faris, lost

The first legally qualified female candidate to run for Vice President U.S.

The nominee was initially Dr. A.P. Gouthey, with Brehm in second, and William F. Varney in third. Gouthey withdrew and Brehm was nominated by acclamation

William Z Foster MA Communist Party USA

1901 Joined the Socialist Party of America and was a member in the party's Washington state affiliate until he left the party in the midst of a faction fight

1909 joined the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

Became a prominent figure within the union, serving as its representative at an international labor conference in Budapest in 1911 and a contributor to its papers

Became a committed syndicalist after touring Europe in 1910 and 1911

Urged American leftists to enter the AFL unions, rather than establish rival unions

Denounced electoral politics as a dead end that smothered the revolutionary ardor of these groups by channeling their energies into pursuit of office, with all the compromises that entails. Foster lost the battle, however, and soon thereafter left the IWW and formed his own organization, the Syndicalist League of North America (SLNA).

The SLNA, however, was never an effective force and folded in 1914

Became a union business agent for a local of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of America in Chicago

Continued his syndicalist campaign, this time through the International Trade Union Educational League, while obtaining a position as a general organizer for the AFL in 1915

Foster had contacts with a number of members of the newly formed Communist Party, but had not joined it after its split from the Socialist Party of America in 1919
 
1921 Attended a conference of the Profintern, the Red International of Labor Unions, in Moscow

There he was appointed the Profintern's agent in the United States; the TUEL was later made an affiliate of the Profintern in 1923

Foster joined the CPUSA on his return to the United States

1923 and 1925 Was able to control the majority of the party's leadership

1924-1957 Chairman Communist Party USA

1924 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Calvin Coolidge

1928 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

1932 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt  
  
1945-1957 Chairman National Committee Communist Party USA

Benjamin Gitlow NY Communist Party USA

1909 Joined the Socialist Party of America

1910 Elected a delegate to the New York state convention of the SPA
  
1918-1920 New York State Assembly, elected on the Socialist Party of America ticket

1919 Business Manager of Communist newspapers

1922 Was made a full time employee of the Communist Party of America. The governing Central Executive Committee named him as Industrial Organizer (party organizer in the unions) for a large area which stretched from New York City to Philadelphia and which encompassed the entire New England region.

1922 Elected as a delegate to the Communist Party's convention held at Bridgman, Michigan

From May 1923 until early 1924 Named the editor of the Workers' Party's Yiddish language daily, the Morgen Freiheit

1924 Workers Party of America (Communist) Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Z Foster, lost

1926 Workers Party of America (Communist) Party candidate for Governor NY, lost

1928 Workers Party of America (Communist) Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Z Foster, lost

Mar 16 1929 Named to the 3 man Secretariat at the helm of the Communist Party, assuming the post of Executive Secretary. His time at the top proved to be momentary, however, as on March 23 he boarded an ocean liner for Moscow as part of a 10-person delegation seeking to appeal the Comintern's decision to remove Jay Lovestone from the United States. The job of Executive Secretary was turned over to factional ally Robert Minor in the interim.

1929 Communist Parties around the world were purged of so-called "Right Oppositions" by the Communist International as the world Communist movement lurched towards the revolutionary left. Together with his factional co-thinker Jay Lovestone, Gitlow was expelled from the party as purported supporters of Nikolai Bukharin in the USSR in opposition to the hardline faction of Joseph Stalin. The expelled Communists followed Lovestone into a new organization, the so-called Communist Party (Majority Group), which actually included a small fraction of the membership of the regular Communist Party.

1929 Named a member of the governing National Council of the CP(MG).  At the 1st National Conference of the organization, held July 4–6, 1930 in New York City, elected Secretary of the Lovestone political organization, a role in which he continued at least through 1932.

In the fall of 1930, Gitlow was sent on a month-long tour of the United States on behalf of the Lovestoneites, taking him to Detroit, Chicago, and Superior, Wisconsin before returning to the east coast

Throughout the first 5 years of its existence the Lovestone organization continued to seek accommodation with the regular Communist Party. Gitlow's own views had gradually changed, however. In May 1933 he and Lazar Becker split from the Lovestoneites to found the Workers Communist League, which in turn merged with a group around B.J. Field to form the Organization Committee for a Revolutionary Workers Party the next year.

After briefly rejoining the Socialist Party in 1934, Gitlow became disillusioned with radicalism of all shades and emerged as an outspoken anti-communist. In 1939, he publicly rejected the Communist Party in testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 15, 2014, 08:46:59 pm
1924 Continued

Frank T Johns OR Socialist Labor Party

Carpenter

1920 and 1922 Industrial Labor Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives OR. This organization was the name by which the Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) was forced to appear on the Oregon ballot in those years due to state electoral laws.

1924 Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) candidate for President U.S., lost to Calvin Coolidge.

At the time of his selection, Johns was the youngest person ever to be nominated by a political party to run for President, just 255 days over the constitutional requirement of 35 years.

1928 Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) candidate for President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

Died May 20 1928 and was replaced by Vice Presidential nominee Vern L Reynolds as the Presidential candidate

Verne L Reynolds NY Socialist Labor Party

1922 Labor Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives Maryland, lost

1923 Labor Party candidate for Governor Maryland, lost

1924 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Frank T Johns, lost

1928 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Frank T Johns, lost  

1928 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover. Reynolds was the replacement candidate for Presidential nominee Frank T Johns, who died May 20 1928.

1932 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Jeremiah D Crowley was the replacement candidate for Vice President U.S. for Verne L Reynolds, the original candidate for Vice President U.S. 1928, who replaced original candidate for President U.S., Frank T Johns, who died May 20, 1928. See 1928.
 
Gilbert Owen Nations DC American Party

An American lawyer and judge who campaigned against Roman Catholicism in the United States

1924 American Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Calvin Coolidge

Charles Hiram Randall CA American Party

1909-1911 Member Los Angeles Park Commission

1911-1912 Member Los Angeles Planning Commission

1911-1912 Member California State Assembly

1914 Elected to U.S. House of Representatives CA as a member of the Prohibition Party

1916 Taking advantage of California election laws at the time, reelected as the nominee of the Prohibition, Democratic, Republican, and Progressive parties to U.S. House of Representatives CA

1918 Reelected to U.S. House of Representatives CA

1920 Reelected to U.S. House of Representatives CA

In total
Mar 4  1915-Mar 3 1921 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1922 Defeated for reelection U.S. House of Representatives CA as a candidate of the Prohibition, Socialist, Democratic parties

1924 Was for a time the candidate for Vice President U.S. on the Ku Klux Klan-sponsored American Party ticket with Gilbert Owen Nations. Withdrew in August 1924 in order to concentrate on a race for Congress

1924 Defeated for U.S. House of Reprsentatives on American and Prohibition Party tickets

1925-1933 Los Angeles City Council

1926 Defeated for reelection U.S. House of Representatives CA as a candidate of the Progressive Party

1928 Independent candidate U.S. Senate CA, lost

1931 Elected Council President, which is the President of the Los Angeles, CA City Council

1934 Defeated for reelection U.S. House of Representatives CA as a candidate of the Progressive Party

1940 Defeated for reelection U.S. House of Representatives CA as a candidate of the Prohibition and Progressive parties



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 15, 2014, 08:47:59 pm
1928

Herbert Hoover CA Republican

=====
Father of Herbert Hoover Jr, Special envoy of President Eisenhower to mediate a settlement during the 1953-1954 oil dispute between Britain and Iran, Under Secretary of State for Middle Eastern affairs 1954-1957, owing to Secretary of State John Foster Dulles' frequent illnesses, Hoover Jr often served as Acting Secretary of State
=====

Attended Friends Pacific Academy, now George Fox University

1891-1895 Stanford University, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in geology

Worked as chief engineer for the Chinese Bureau of Mines, and as general manager for Chinese Engineering and Mining Corporation

Worked for Bewick, Moreing & Co. as company's lead engineer

Made recommendations to improve the lot of the Chinese worker, seeking to end the practice of imposing long term servitude contracts and to institute reforms for workers based on merit

Was made a partner in Bewick, Moreing & Co. 1901 and assumed responsibility for various Australian operations and investments

Was a director of Chinese Engineering and Mining Corporation (CEMC) when it became a supplier of coolie (Asian) labor for South African mines

1905 founded the Zinc Corporation (eventually part of the Rio Tinto Group) with William Baillieu and others

1908 Became an independent mining consultant, traveling worldwide until the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Left Bewick Moreing & Co and, setting out on his own, eventually ended up with investments on every continent and offices in San Francisco, London, New York City, St. Petersburg, Paris and Mandalay, Burma

1914 When World War I began in August, helped organize the return of around 120,000 Americans from Europe. Led 500 volunteers in distributing food, clothing, steamship tickets and cash.

When Belgium faced a food crisis after being invaded by Germany, Hoover undertook an unprecedented relief effort with the Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB). As chairman of the CRB, worked with the leader of the Belgian Comite National de Secours et Alimentation (CN), Emile Francqui, to feed the entire nation for the duration of the war. The CRB obtained and imported millions of tons of foodstuffs for the CN to distribute, and watched over the CN to make sure the German army didn't appropriate the food. The CRB became a veritable independent republic of relief, with its own flag, navy, factories, mills, and railroads. Private donations and government grants (78%) supplied an $11-million-a-month budget.

For the next two years, worked from London, administering the distribution of over two million tons of food to nine million war victims. In an early form of shuttle diplomacy, he crossed the North Sea forty times to meet with German authorities and persuade them to allow food shipments, becoming an international hero.

After the U.S. entered the war in April 1917, President Wilson appointed Hoover to head the U.S. Food Administration, which was created under the Lever Food Control Act in 1917. This was a position he actively sought, though he later claimed it was thrust upon him. Was convinced from his Belgian work that centralization of authority was essential to any relief effort; demanded, and got, great power albeit not as much as he sought. Hoover believed "food will win the war", and beginning on September 29, this slogan was introduced and put into frequent use.

After the war, as a member of the Supreme Economic Council and head of the American Relief Administration, organized shipments of food for millions of starving people in Central Europe.  Used a newly formed Quaker organization, the American Friends Service Committee, to carry out much of the logistical work in Europe.

Provided aid to the defeated German nation after the war, as well as relief to famine-stricken Bolshevik-controlled areas of Russia in 1921

At war's end, the New York Times named Hoover one of the "Ten Most Important Living Americans". Hoover confronted a world of political possibilities when he returned home in 1919. Democratic Party leaders saw him as a potential Presidential candidate, and President Wilson privately preferred Hoover as his successor.  "There could not be a finer one," asserted Franklin D. Roosevelt, then a rising star from New York. Hoover briefly considered becoming a Democrat, but  believed that 1920 would be a Republican year.

Realized that he was in a unique position to collect information about the Great War and its aftermath. In 1919 established the Hoover War Collection at Stanford University. Donated all the files of the Commission for Relief in Belgium, the U.S. Food Administration, and the American Relief Administration, and pledged $50,000 as an endowment. Scholars were sent to Europe to collect pamphlets, society publications, government documents, newspapers, posters, proclamations, and other ephemeral materials related to the war and the revolutions that followed it. The collection was later renamed the Hoover War Library and is now known as the Hoover Institution.

Rejected Democratic overtures in 1920.  Had been a registered Republican before the war, though in 1912 had supported Theodore Roosevelt's "Bull Moose" Progressive Party. Now he declared himself a Republican and a candidate for the Presidency.

Placed his name on the ballot in the California state primary election, where he came close to beating popular Senator Hiram Johnson. But having lost in his home state, Hoover was not considered a serious contender at the convention. Even when it deadlocked for several ballots between Illinois Governor Frank Lowden and General Leonard Wood, few delegates seriously considered Hoover as a compromise choice. Although he had personal misgivings about the capability of the nominee, Warren G. Harding, Hoover publicly endorsed him and made two speeches for him.

After being elected, Harding rewarded Hoover for his support, offering to appoint him either Secretary of the Interior or Secretary of Commerce. Hoover ultimately chose Commerce. Commerce had existed for just eight years, since the division of the earlier Department of Commerce and Labor. Commerce was considered a minor Cabinet post, with limited and vaguely defined responsibilities.

Hoover aimed to change that, envisioning the Commerce Department as the hub of the nation's growth and stability. From Harding he demanded, and received, authority to coordinate economic affairs throughout the government. He created many sub-departments and committees, overseeing and regulating everything from manufacturing statistics, the census and radio, to air travel. In some instances he "seized" control of responsibilities from other Cabinet departments when he deemed that they were not carrying out their responsibilities well. Hoover became one of the most visible men in the country, often overshadowing Presidents Harding and Coolidge.

Mar 5 1921-Aug 21 1928 U.S. Secretary of Commerce

1924 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for Vice President U.S., lost to Charles Dawes
 
When Coolidge announced in 1927 that he would not seek a full term of office in the 1928 Presidential election, Hoover became the leading Republican candidate, despite the fact Coolidge was lukewarm on Hoover. Coolidge had been reluctant to choose Hoover as his successor.  Even so, Coolidge had no desire to split the party by publicly opposing the popular Commerce Secretary's nomination. The delegates did consider nominating Vice President Charles Dawes to be Hoover's running mate, but Coolidge remarked that this would be "a personal affront" to him, and the convention selected Senator Charles Curtis of Kansas instead. His only real challenger was Frank Orren Lowden. Hoover received much favorable press coverage in the months leading up to the convention. Hoover's reputation, experience, and popularity coalesced to give him the nomination on the first ballot, with Senator Charles Curtis named as his running mate.

1928 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1929-Mar 4 1933 31st President U.S.

1932 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover, Alf Landon, Frank Knox were the only supporters of Progressive Party candidate for President U.S. Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 to be later named to a national Republican ticket

1936 Entertained hopes of receiving the Republican Presidential nomination again, and thus facing Roosevelt in a rematch. However, although he retained strong support among some delegates, there was never much hope of his being selected. He publicly endorsed the nominee, Kansas Governor Alf Landon. But Hoover might as well have been the nominee, since the Democrats virtually ignored Landon, and ran against the former President himself, constantly attacking him in speeches and warning that a Landon victory would put Hoover back in the White House as the secret power "behind the throne".

Following World War II, became friends with President Truman

On Hoover's initiative, a school meals program in the American and British occupation zones of Germany was begun on April 14, 1947. The program served 3,500,000 children aged six through eighteen. A total of 40,000 tons of American food was provided during Hoover meals.

1947 President Truman appointed Hoover to a commission, which elected him chairman, to reorganize the executive departments. This became known as the Hoover Commission. He was appointed chairman of a similar commission by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953. Both found numerous inefficiencies and ways to reduce waste. The government enacted most of the recommendations that the two commissions had made, 71% of the first commission's and 64% of the second commission's.

Throughout the Cold War, Hoover, always an opponent of Marxism, became even more outspokenly anti-Communist. However, he vehemently opposed American involvement in the Korean War.

1960 Appeared at his final Republican National Convention

1964 Republican Presidential nominee Barry Goldwater acknowledged Hoover's absence from the Republican National Convention in his acceptance speech

First Lady of the United States Lou Hoover 1929-1933

Attended San Jose Normal School, now San Jose State University. 1894 enrolled, as the school's only female geology major, at Stanford University.

Traveled widely with her husband, including to Shanghai, China, and became a cultivated scholar and linguist. A proficient Chinese speaker, she is the only First Lady to have spoken an Asian language.

Was the first First Lady to make regular nationwide radio broadcasts.

Served as the national president of the Girl Scouts of the USA from 1922 to 1925 while Hoover served in the cabinet of Presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. She served as president again after leaving the White House, from 1935 to 1937.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 15, 2014, 08:48:27 pm
1928 Continued

Charles Curtis KS Republican

Read law in an established firm and worked part-time. Was admitted to the bar in 1881. Commenced practice in Topeka.

1885-1889 Prosecuting Attorney Shawnee County, KS

1889 By a single vote lost the Republican Party nomination to fill a vacancy in the U.S. House of Representative for KS

Mar 4 1893-Jan 28 1907 U.S. House of Representatives KS

Jan 28 1907 Resigned from U.S. House of Representatives after being chosen by the Kansas Legislature to fill the short unexpired term of Senator Joseph R. Burton in the United States Senate. On that same day of Jan 28, Curtis was also chosen by Kansas' state lawmakers for the full Senatorial term commencing Mar 4 of that year and ending Mar 4, 1913. In 1912 he was unsuccessful in gaining the legislature's designation again as Senator, but his absence from the Senate was brief.

After passage of the 17th Amendment, which provided for direct election of Senators, in 1914 Curtis was elected by popular vote for the six-year Senate term commencing Mar 4, 1915. He was re-elected to the Senate in 1920 and again in 1926. Curtis served without interruption from March 4, 1915 until his resignation on March 3, 1929, after being elected Vice President U.S.

Jan 29 1907-Mar 4 1913 U.S. Senate KS

Dec 4 1911-Dec 12 1911 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate (Rotating Pro Tems)

Mar 4 1915-Mar 3 1929 U.S. Senate KS

Mar 4 1915-Nov 9 1924 U.S. Senate Republican Whip

Mar 9 1925-Mar 3 1929 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

1928 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

1928 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Herbert Hoover, won

Mar 4 1929-Mar 4 1933 31st Vice President U.S.

Wielded little power as Vice President and rarely attended cabinet meetings

The first person with significant acknowledged Native American ancestry and the first person with significant acknowledged non-European ancestry to reach either of the two highest offices in the United States government's executive branch, President and Vice President

1932 Republican Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with Herbert Hoover, lost

To date, Curtis is the last Vice President who was unmarried during his entire time in office

Second Lady of the United States, 1929-1933

Vacant, Charles Curtis was a widower when elected Vice President in 1928. His wife, Annie Elizabeth Curtis, died in 1924. Curtis had his half sister, "Dolly" Curtis Gann, live with him in Washington, DC and act as his hostess for social events.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:26:36 pm
1928 Continued

Al Smith NY Democratic

Never attended high school or college and claimed he learned about people by studying them at the Fulton Fish Market

His acting skills made him a success on the amateur theater circuit. He became widely known, and developed the smooth oratorical style that characterized his political career.

Although indebted to the Tammany Hall political machine, remained untarnished by corruption and worked for the passage of progressive legislation

It was during his early unofficial jobs with Tammany Hall that he gained notoriety as an excellent speaker

1895 First political job was as an investigator in the office of the Commissioner of Jurors as appointed by Tammany Hall

1904-1915 Member of NY State Assembly

1911 Vice Chairman of commission appointed to investigate factory conditions after 146 workers died in the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire

1911 NY State Assembly Majority Leader

1912 NY State Assembly Minority Leader

1913 NY State Assembly Speaker

1914 NY State Assembly Minority Leader

1915 NY State Assembly Minority Leader

Nov 1915 Elected Sheriff of New York County

Recognized as a leader of the Progressive movement in New York City and New York state

1917-1918 President of Board of Aldermen of New York City

Jan 1 1919-Dec 31 1920 Governor NY

1920 Lost bid for reelection Governor NY

Jan 1 1923-Dec 31 1928 Governor NY

1924 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to John W Davis

1928 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover  
 
Smith was the first Roman Catholic nominee of a major party for President U.S.

After the 1928 election became the President of Empire State, Inc., the corporation that built and operated the Empire State Building

1929 Elected as President of the Board of Trustees of the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University

1932 Sought Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Smith felt slighted by Roosevelt during the latter's Governorship. They became rivals for the 1932 Democratic Presidential nomination. At the convention, Smith's animosity toward Roosevelt was so great, he put aside longstanding rivalries and managed to work with William McAdoo and William Randolph Hearst to try to block FDR's nomination for several ballots. This unlikely coalition fell apart when Smith refused to work on finding a compromise candidate and instead maneuvered to make himself the nominee. After losing the nomination, Smith eventually campaigned for Roosevelt in 1932.

Smith became highly critical of Roosevelt's New Deal policies and joined the American Liberty League, an anti-Roosevelt group

Smith's antipathy to Roosevelt and his policies was so great that he supported Republican Presidential candidates Alfred M Landon in the 1936 election and Wendell Willkie in the 1940 election

1939 Appointed a Papal Chamberlain of the Sword and Cape, one of the highest honors the Papacy bestowed on a layman, which today is styled a Gentleman of His Holiness

Joseph Taylor Robinson AR Democratic

Attended University of Arkansas and studied law at University of Virginia

1895 AR State Legislature, served one term

1895 Admitted to AR bar, commenced practice in Lonoke, AR

1900 Presidential elector on Democratic ticket  

Mar 4 1903-Jan 14 1913 U.S. House of Representatives AR

1908, 1912, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936 Delegate to Democratic National Convention from AR  

Jan 15 1913-Mar 8 1913 Governor AR

1912 Robinson was elected Governor of Arkansas. He resigned his U.S. House seat on Jan 14, 1913 and took office as Governor on Jan 16. However, Democratic U.S. Senator Jefferson Davis had died on Jan 3, after the Legislature had re-elected him to a new term beginning Mar 4, 1913. His seat was now open. On Jan 27, 1913, only 12 days after Robinson took office as Governor, the Legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate to replace Davis.

Mar 4 1913-Jul 14 1937 U.S. Senate AR, died in office

Became the very last U.S. Senator elected by a state legislature rather than by direct popular vote

1920 Permanent Chairman Democratic National Convention

Mar 4 1923-Mar 3 1933 U.S. Senate Minority Leader

1928 Permanent Chairman Democratic National Convention

1928 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Al Smith, lost

Mar 4 1933-Jul 14 1937 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

1936 Permanent Chairman Democratic National Convention




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:27:51 pm
1928 Continued

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America

Presbyterian Minister

Attended Bucknell University. Left Bucknell after one year to attend Princeton University. Graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University in 1905.

1917 Worked on Socialist Party of America (SPA) Leader Morris Hillquit campaign for Mayor New York City

1917 Joined the Socialist Party. Despite his membership in the Marxist SPA, Thomas was never himself an orthodox Marxist, instead favoring a Christian socialist orientation.

Secretary (then an unpaid position) of the pacifist Fellowship of Reconciliation

1918 When the organization started a magazine called The World Tomorrow in January, employed as its paid editor

1922 Became co-director of the League for Industrial Democracy

1924 Socialist Party candidate Governor NY, lost

1925 Socialist Party candidate Mayor New York City, lost

1926 Socialist Party candidate New York State Senate, lost

1927 Socialist Party candidate Alderman New York City, lost

1928 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

1929 Socialist Party candidate Mayor New York City, lost

1934 Socialist Party candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1932 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1936 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1940 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1944 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1948 Socialist Party candidate President U.S., lost to Harry Truman

James H Maurer PA Socialist Party of America

Trade Unionist

1880 Joined Knights of Labor labor union, also active in the Single Tax movement associated with Henry George

Early 1890s, joined the People's Party, a populist political organization which attempted in particular to advance the cause of the nation's farmers

1899 Joined Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP).  Helped to organize Section Hamburg, Pennsylvania SLP in February of that year.

From 1901 Was a member of the Plumbers and Steamfitters Union

Throughout his later life Maurer was strongly supportive of the American Federation of Labor

1906 Socialist Party candidate Governor PA, lost

1911-1912 Socialist member PA State House of Representatives

1912-1930 President PA Federation of Labor

1913 Defeated in bid for reelection to the PA State House of Representatives

1915-1918 Socialist member PA State House of Representatives

January 1916 Part of a three person delegation to President Wilson to advocate part of the Socialist Party's peace program

Elected multiple times to the governing National Executive Committee of the SPA

From 1921 President of the Workers' Education Bureau of America and Brookwood Labor College

From 1922 On the governing National Committee of the Conference for Progressive Political Action (CPPA)

1924 Strongly supportive of Robert LaFollette's campaign for President

1927 Elected to Reading, PA City Council, part of a sweep by the Socialist Party which won the administration of the city

1928 Socialist Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost

1930 Socialist candidate Governor PA, lost

1932 Socialist Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost

1934 Socialist candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost


William Z Foster IL Communist Party candidate for President U.S. See 1924


Benjamin Gitlow NY Communist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1924

Frank T Johns OR Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1924

Verne L Reynolds MI Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S., Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1924

Jeremiah D Crowley NY Socialist Labor Party

1912 Candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1914 Candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1916 Candidate Governor NY, lost

1920 Candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1922 Candidate Governor NY, lost

1926 Candidate Governor NY, lost

1928 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice Pesident U.S. with Verne L Reynolds, lost

For 1928 election, Crowley was the replacement candidate for Vice President U.S. for Verne L Reynolds, the original candidate for Vice President U.S. 1928, who replaced original candidate for President U.S., Frank T Johns, who died May 20, 1928

1930 Candidate Governor NY, lost

1932 Candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1934 Candidate NY At-Large, lost

1938 Candidate NY At-Large, lost

William F Varney NY Prohibition Party

1928 Prohibition Party candidate President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

1934 Law Preservation candidate Governor NY, lost

Ran several times for other offices, including New York State Senate,  U.S. House of Representatives NY, Mayor of Rockville Centre, NY, losing each time

James Edgerton VA Prohibition Party

Newspaper editor

1928 Prohibition Party candidate Vice President U.S. with William F Varney, lost

Frank Webb CA Farmer-Labor Party

1928 Farmer-Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Herbert Hoover

Leroy R Tillman GA Farmer-Labor Party

1928 Farmer-Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Frank Webb, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:28:33 pm
1932

Franklin D Roosevelt NY Democratic

=====
Son of James Roosevelt I, Turned down President Grover Cleveland's offer to name him Minister to Holland

Half brother of James  Roosevelt Roosevelt  (Rosey), Appointed by President Grover Cleveland to the position of First Secretary to the American Legation in Vienna, Austria, and served as Secretary of the United States Embassy in London, England

Fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt, NY State Assembly 1882-1884, New York State Assembly Minority Leader 1883, Republican Party candidate for Mayor New York City 1886, lost,  President of Board of New York City Police Commissioners 1895-1897, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1897-1898, Governor NY 1899-1900, Vice President U.S. 1901, President U.S. 1901-1909, see also 1904 Theodore Roosevelt

Sixth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt Jr, NY State Assembly 1920-1921, Assistant Secretary of the Navy 1921-1924, Republican Party candidate for Governor NY 1924, lost, Governor Puerto Rico 1929-1932, Governor General Philippines 1932-1933

Father of Anna Roosevelt, At her ailing father's request, Anna moved into the White House in 1944 to serve as First Lady because of her mother's, Eleanor Roosevelt's, preference for devoting her time to other political activities and worthy causes. When President Roosevelt traveled to Yalta in 1945 to meet Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill, he selected Anna to accompany him.

Father of James Roosevelt II, A delegate from Massachusetts to the Constitutional Convention for the repeal of Prohibition 1933, officially appointed "Administrative Assistant to the President" 1937, Secretary to the President, became White House coordinator for eighteen federal agencies 1937-1938, Chairman of the California State Democratic Central Committee 1946-1948, U.S. House of Representatives California 1955-1965, U.S. delegate to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 1965-1966  

Father of Elliot Roosevelt, Rank of Brigadier General United States Army Air Forces, served in World War II 1940-1945, assigned by President Roosevelt to attend Atlantic Conference between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill 1941, attended as a military attache to the Casablanca Conference 1943, the Cairo Conference 1943, the Tehran Conference 1943, Mayor Miami Beach FL 1965-1967    
  
Father of Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr, Assigned by President Roosevelt to attend Atlantic Conference between Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill 1941, served on the President's Committee on Civil Rights for President Harry Truman 1947-1948, Chairman of Mayor’s committee on unity in New York City 1948-1949, U.S. House of Representatives New York 1949-1955, Under Secretary of Commerce and chairman of President's Appalachian Regional Commission 1963, Chairman of Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 1965-1966  
=====

Late spring 1887 James Roosevelt, Franklin's father, took his son, 5 year old Franklin D Roosevelt, to visit President Grover Cleveland at the White House

Attended Harvard College.  While at Harvard his fifth cousin Theodore "T.R." Roosevelt, Jr. became President of the United States.  His vigorous leadership style and reforming zeal made him Franklin's role model and hero although he remained a Democrat, campaigning for Theodore's opponent William Jennings Bryan.

1903 Graduated from Harvard with an A.B. in history. He later received an honorary LL.D from Harvard in 1929.

At Harvard he helped found the Political Society, he was elected secretary of the Glee Club, he worked his way up from assistant managing editor to managing editor to president of The Harvard Crimson daily newspaper, and though defeated for class marshal, he was elected chairman of the Class Day committee

1904 Entered Columbia Law School  but dropped out in 1907 after he passed the New York State Bar exam. He however later received a posthumous Juris Doctor from Columbia Law School.

1908 Took a job with the prestigious Wall Street law firm of Carter Ledyard & Milburn, dealing mainly with corporate law  
    
Jan 1 1911-Mar 17 1913 NY State Senate

Became an antagonist of the Tammany Hall Democratic political machine in NY

1912 Supported Woodrow Wilson for President in oposition to Tammany Hall

Mar 17 1913-Aug 26 1920 Assistant Secretary of the Navy, under President Woodrow Wilson

Of interest, Theodore Roosevelt as well served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, serving 1897-1898 under President William McKinley

Of interest, Theodore Roosevelt Jr, son of Theodore Roosevelt, as well served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, serving 1921–1924 under Presidents Warren G Harding and Calvin Coolidge

According to author Edward J Renehan, Jr, no less than five members of the extended Roosevelt clan served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt Jr, Theodore Douglas Robinson (the son of Corinne Roosevelt) who served 1924-1929 under President Calvin Coolidge, and Henry Latrobe Roosevelt, a descendant of Robert Fulton's old friend "Steamboat Nicholas" Roosevelt, who served 1933-1936 under President Franklin D Roosevelt

With his appointment as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D Roosevelt was still relatively obscure, but his friends were already speaking of him as a future President. He himself reportedly began talking about being elected to the Presidency as early as 1907.

1914 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U.S. Senate NY, lost to Tammany Hall backed James W Gerard who would go on to lose the Senate election to Republican James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr

1920 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with James M Cox, lost

The 1920 Democratic National Convention chose Roosevelt by acclamation as the Vice Presidential candidate. Although his nomination surprised most people, Roosevelt was considered as bringing balance to the ticket as a moderate, a Wilsonian, and a prohibitionist with a famous name. Franklin D Roosevelt had just turned 38, four years younger than Theodore Rosevelt had been when he received the nomination for Vice President U.S. from the Republican Party.

After the election defeat, Franklin D Roosevelt returned to New York to practice law and joined the newly organized New York Civitan Club

Aug 1921 While the Roosevelts were vacationing at Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada, Franklin D Roosevelt contracted polio. It left him with permanent paralysis from the waist down.

Roosevelt helped Alfred E Smith win the election for Governor of New York in 1922, and in 1924 election for Governor of New York was a strong supporter of Smith against his sixth cousin, Republican Theodore Roosevelt Jr

1924 and 1928 Gave nominating speeches for New York Governor Al Smith for Democratic Party nominations for President U.S. at the Democratic National Conventions.  Smith failed to win the nomination in 1924 but succeeded in winning the nomination in 1928.  

The speech at the 1924 convention marked a return to public life for Roosevelt following his illness and convalescence

As the Democratic Party Presidential nominee in the 1928 election,  Al Smith in turn asked Roosevelt to run for Governor of New York in the state election. Roosevelt was nominated by the Democrats by acclamation. While Smith lost the Presidency in a landslide, and was defeated in his home state of New York, Roosevelt was narrowly elected Governor of New York, by a one-percent margin.

Jan 1 1929-Dec 31 1932 Governor NY, elected 1928, reelected 1930

1932 Won Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., renominated 1936, 1940, 1944

Democratic Party candidate for President U.S. 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944

Feb 15 1933 While President Elect, Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami, FL. Giuseppe Zangara, who expressed a "hate for all rulers," attempted to shoot Roosevelt. He shot and killed Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak who was sitting alongside Roosevelt, but his attempt to murder Roosevelt failed when an alert spectator, Lillian Cross, hit his arm with her purse and deflected the bullet.

Mar 4 1933– Apr 12 1945 32nd President U.S., died in office

Won Presidential elections of 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944, the only U.S. President to be elected to more than two terms as President U.S.

1944 marked the fifth time Roosevelt had been nominated on the Democratic ticket as either Vice Presidential candidate, 1920, or Presidential candidate, 1932, 1936, 1940, 1944. The only other candidate to be nominated to their party's national ticket five times was Richard Nixon, nominated as Republican Vice Presidential candidate 1952, 1956, and as Republican Presidential candidate 1960, 1968, 1972.

The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution

The 1932 election resulted in the passage of the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Before the Twentieth Amendment, the schedules which determined the terms of office of elected officials, and when sessions of Congress began and ended, were set by a sometimes awkward intersection of law, historical precedent, and constitutional mandate. The Constitution did not set any dates for Congressional or Presidential elections, nor for the commencement of terms of office for elected federal officials.

The Twentieth Amendment moved the beginning and ending of the terms of the President and Vice President from Mar 4 to Jan 20, and of members of Congress from Mar 4 to Jan 3. It also has provisions that determine what is to be done when there is no President-elect.

This necessity of having a shorter lapse of time between the election and the inauguration and swearing in time was seen most notably in 1861 and 1933, after the elections of Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevelt, respectively, plus the newly elected Senators and Representatives. Under the Constitution at the time, these Presidents had to wait four months before they and the incoming Congresses could deal with the secession of Southern states and the Great Depression respectively.

The Twentieth Amendment was ratified on Jan 23, 1933



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:28:56 pm
1932 Continued

Franklin D Roosevelt Continued

The Infamy Speech

The Infamy Speech was a speech delivered by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt to a Joint Session of Congress on December 8, 1941, one day after the Empire of Japan's attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and the Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British Empire. The name derives from the first line of the speech: Roosevelt describing the previous day as "a date which will live in infamy". The speech is also commonly referred to as the "Pearl Harbor Speech."

Within an hour of the speech, Congress passed a formal declaration of war against Japan and officially brought the U.S. into World War II. The address is one of the most famous of all American political speeches.

War Time Conferences

Aug 1941 President Franklin D Roosevelt attended the Atlantic Conference, held in Placentia Bay, Newfoundland, at which was issued The Atlantic Charter, a pivotal policy statement, which defined the Allied goals for the postwar world, with Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom.  They issued the charter on Aug 14 1941 as a joint declaration at Naval Station Argentia.

Jan 14-Jan 24 1943 President Franklin D Roosevelt attended the Casablanca Conference held at the Anta Hotel in Casablanca, French Morocco, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II, with Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom

Nov 22-Nov 26 1943 President Franklin D Roosevelt attended the Cairo Conference held at a residence of the American Ambassador to Egypt, Alexander Kirk, near the Pyramids, in Cairo, Egypt, which outlined the Allied position against Japan during World War II and made decisions about postwar Asia, with Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek of the Republic of China

Nov 28-Dec 1 1943 President Franklin D Roosevelt attended the Tehran Conference at the Soviet Union's embassy in Tehran, Iran, a strategy meeting after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran. The conference addressed the Allies' relations with Turkey and Iran, operations in Yugoslavia and against Japan, and the envisaged post-war settlement. It was the first of the World War II conferences of the "Big Three" Allied leaders, President Franklin D Roosevelt of the United States, Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom, and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union.  

Feb 4-Feb 11 1945 President Franklin D Roosevelt attended the Yalta Conference held at the Livadia Palace in Livadiya near Yalta,  Crimea, Soviet Union, for the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization, with Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom and Premier Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union

First Lady of the United States Eleanor Roosevelt 1933-1945

The longest serving First Lady in the history of the United States.

1899-1902 Attended Allenswood Academy, a private finishing school outside London, England.

In the late 1940s, Democrats in New York and throughout the country courted Eleanor Roosevelt to run for political office.

Chairwoman of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights 1946–1952.
 
United States Representative to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights 1947–1953.

Chairwoman of the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women 1961–1962.

By the time of her death, Eleanor Roosevelt was regarded as "one of the most esteemed women in the world", she was called "the object of almost universal respect" in her New York Times obituary. In 1999, she was ranked ninth in the top ten of Gallup's List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century.

John Nance Garner TX Democratic

=====
Father of Tully Charles Garner, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas 1940, U.S. Collector of Customs 1951
=====

Attended Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee for one semester before dropping out and returning home

Returned to Clarksville, Texas, read law, and was admitted to the bar in 1890

After an unsuccessful run for the office of City Attorney in Clarksville, TX, moved to Uvalde, Uvalde County, TX, where he began law practice

In Uvalde, joined the law firm of Clark and Fuller and was appointed to fill a vacancy as County Judge

1893-1896 County Judge Uvalde County TX, winning election to a full term

1898-1902 TX State House of Representatives

1900, 1904, 1916 Delegate from Texas to Democratic National Convention

1902 Elected U.S. House of Representatives TX, reelected 1904, 1906, 1908, 1910, 1912, 1914, 1916, 1918, 1920, 1922, 1924, 1926, 1928, 1930, 1932

Mar 4 1903-Mar 4 1933 U.S. House of Representatives TX

1911 became House Democratic Party Whip U.S. House of Representatives

During World War I, Garner was recognized as a leader in the U.S. House of Representatives and became the liaison between President Woodrow Wilson and the U.S. House of Representatives

Mar 4 1929–Mar 4 1931 House Minority Leader U.S. House of Representatives

Dec 7 1931–Mar 4 1933 Speaker U.S. House of Representatives

1932 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

It became evident that Franklin D Roosevelt, the Governor of New York, was the strongest of several candidates for the 1932 Democratic Party Presidential nomination, although he did not have the two-thirds majority required to win the nomination. Garner cut a deal with Roosevelt, becoming the Vice Presidential candidate.

Lengthy "smoke-filled-room" negotiations brought John Garner's supporters, controlled by Congressman Sam Rayburn of Texas, to the support of Roosevelt.  After Roosevelt's victory, Garner was nominated without opposition as the Vice Presidential candidate, as had been promised in the deal making negotiations.

1932, 1936 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Franklin D Roosevelt, won  

Garner was re-elected to the Seventy-third Congress on Nov 8, 1932, as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives TX, and on the same day was elected Vice President of the United States, making him only the second person to serve as both Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives and President of the U.S. Senate on the same day, Mar 4, 1933, after Schuyler Colfax, Mar 4, 1869

Mar 4 1933-Jan 20 1941 32nd Vice President U.S., elected 1932, reelected 1936, with Franklin D Roosevelt

Because of Garner's knowledge of the legislative process, President Roosevelt made Vice President Garner his liaison with Congress. This decision proved to be a wise move, as Garner had his own congressional machine.

Garner would alter the Vice Presidency in an unprecedented manner. He attended and actively participated in Roosevelt's cabinet meetings on national policy and legislative strategy. He thus effectively transformed what had been a largely ceremonial office into an influential executive and legislative position.

Garner quickly became, after the President, the single most important man in government and, arguably, the nation.

During 1938 and 1939, numerous Democratic party leaders urged Garner to run for President in 1940. Garner declared his candidacy. Roosevelt refused to say whether he would run again. If he did, it was highly unlikely that Garner could win the nomination, but Garner stayed in the race anyway. At the Democratic National Convention, Roosevelt arranged a "spontaneous" call for his renomination, and won on the first ballot.

1939 Member Democratic National Committee from Texas

1939 Vice Chair Democratic National Committee
 
1941 Retired from public life

Throughout his retirement, was consulted by active Democratic politicians and was especially close to Roosevelt's successor Harry S. Truman

On the morning of Garner's 95th birthday on Nov 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy called to wish the former Vice President a happy birthday, just hours before his fateful trip to Dallas

Second Lady of the United States Mariette Garner 1933-1941

1893, Mariette Rheiner ran for Uvalde County judge, but was defeated by the incumbent, John Nance Garner, a lawyer, though women at the time could not vote in Texas. Two years later, on Nov 25 1895, she married Garner.

During her husband's tenure in the U.S. House of Representatives, from 1903 to 1933, Mariette "Ettie" Garner served as his private secretary.

Herbert Hoover CA Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1928

Charles Curtis KS Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1928


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:29:22 pm
1932 Continued

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1928

James H Maurer PA Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President US. See 1928

William Z Foster IL Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S. See 1924

James W Ford AL Communist Party USA

Attended Fisk University

A few months before graduation in 1917, enlisted in the U.S. Army World War I, serving 1917-1918

Postal worker, joined Union of Post Office Workers.  Put him in contact with the Communist Party. Fired from post office job.

1925 Recruited into the Chicago section of the American Negro Labor Congress (ANLC), established by the Communist Party as a mass organization of black workers

1926 Joined the Workers (Communist) Party of America itself

1928 was sent to the Soviet Union to represent the American Communist Party at the 4th World Congress of the Red International of Labor Unions (RILU), held in Moscow
was there elected to the RILU Secretariat. Did not immediately return to the United States, instead remaining in Moscow to work on RILU matters as a full-time functionary.

1928 Attended the 6th World Congress of the Communist International on behalf of the American Communist Party, where he was elected to the Comintern's Negro Commission

1929 Also elected a delegate to the World Congress of the League Against Imperialism, which met in Hamburg, Germany

1929 Attended the 10th Enlarged Plenum of the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI)

1929 Attended the 2nd Congress of the League Against Imperialism, where he was elected to the General Council and the Executive Committee

1930 Organized the Comintern-sponsored 1st International Conference of Negro Workers in Hamburg where he was elected as Secretary of the short-lived International Trade Union Committee for Black Workers as well as editor of its journal, The Negro Worker

For supplying copies of Communist literature to British sailors, arrested, and summarily relieved of his political post with the Comintern

1930 Returned to the United States where he assumed the role of Vice President of the League of Struggle for Negro Rights, the organizational successor to ANLC

1932 Elected to the governing Political Buro of the CPUSA. He had arrived as a top political leader of the Communist Party of the USA.

1932 Ford's status as one of the nation's most recognizable black Communists was further cemented in 1932 when he was named by the CPUSA as its candidate for Vice President of the United States, running on the ticket with Presidential nominee William Z. Foster. The placing of a black man near the top of the Communist ticket was symbolic of the party's self-declared commitment to racial equality and its commitment to advance blacks to its own leadership.  

1932 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Z Foster, lost

Ford was the first African-American to appear on a Presidential ticket in the 20th century

1933 Made the new head of the Harlem Section of the Communist Party

1935 Sent by the CPUSA to the 7th World Congress of the Comintern as a delegate, where he was elected an alternate member of ECCI

1936 Ford was again placed on the CPUSA's ticket as its Vice Presidential hopeful, running this time with the CPUSA's General Secretary, Earl Browder

1936 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Earl Browder, lost

1937 Traveled to Spain along with other American Communists in support of the Republican forces in the Spanish Civil War

1940 Campaign saw a renewal of the Browder/Ford ticket by the Communist Party, the third and final time James Ford appeared in that capacity

Earl Browder, reading too much into the dissolution of the Communist International in May 1943 and the wartime alliance of the Soviet Union with America, dissolved the Communist Party in 1944, replacing it with a "Communist Political Association." James Ford was chosen as the Vice President of this new formation.

When in April 1945 Moscow signaled its intense displeasure in the decision to dissolve the Communist Party, Browder was cashiered, expelled from the reconstituted party in July. Although Ford made a public self-criticism of his alleged errors, he was nevertheless demoted from the top echelon of Communist Party leaders, not re-elected to the National Committee of the party and supplanted in his de facto role as "America's leading black Communist" by Benjamin J. Davis.

1948 Was not targeted by the US Department of Justice in its 1948 prosecution of the top leadership of the CPUSA

William David Upshaw GA Prohibition Party


Was such a strong proponent of the temperance movement that he became known as the "driest of the drys"

1906 Served as Vice President Georgia Anti-Saloon League

1907 Played a major role in passage of state-wide prohibition in Georgia. The defense of prohibition was a major factor in the establishment of the second Ku Klux Klan ("Klan of the 1920s") in 1915.

Was not sympathetic with the Klan, and, on one occasion, ran against a Klan-supported candidate for public office

Mar 4 1919-Mar 3 1927 U.S. House of Representatives GA

1927-1932 Served as a member of the Board of Trustees from the founding of Bob Jones College in Lynn Haven, Florida

1932 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Frank S Regan IL Prohibition Party

Lawyer, lecturer

Editor of "The Taxpayer"

Had been a Lyceum cartoonist-lecturer, illustrating his talks with crayon pictures  

Worked the Chautauqua  circuit for 22 years  

Won a seat on the Board of Aldermen Rockford, Illinois

1899-1900 Illinois State House of Representatives

1932 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William David Upshaw, lost

1936 Prohibition Party candidate for Illinois State Attorney General, lost



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:29:53 pm
1932 Continued

William Hope Harvey AR Democratic, Liberty Party

Taught school for three months.  Attended Marshall College at Guyandotte, Virginia for three months. At the time the college was teaching mostly secondary subjects. At age 17 taught school for another three months. Afterward he ended his formal teaching and education, however he continued studying law with his brother.

With only the most basic knowledge of law, managed to pass the necessary tests to be admitted to that bar in West Virginia, then opened up a law practice  

1896 Campaign manager for William Jennings Bryan's Presidential campaign

1932 Formed Liberty Party based on his financial theories

1932 Liberty Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

However, the Liberty Party ended up merging with the Jobless Party, and Harvey ran for President as an Independent

Frank Hemenway WA Liberty Party

1932 Liberty Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Hope Harvey, lost

However, the Liberty Party ended up merging with the Jobless Party, and Harvey and Hemenway ran for President and Vice President as Independents

Vrene L Reynolds NY Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1924

John W Aiken MA Socialist Labor Party

1922 Socialist Labor Party candidate MA State Auditor, lost

1930 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor MA, lost

1932 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S., with Verne L Reynolds, lost

1934 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor MA, lost

1936 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1940 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1946 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate CT, lost

Jacob Coxey OH Democratic, Greenback, People's Party, Republican, Union Party, Farmer-Labor Party

Erected a crushing mill and quickly began accumulating wealth

1885 Ran as the nominee of the Greenback Party for a seat in the Ohio State Senate but lost in his first attempt at public office

1894 Led Coxey's Army, a march that started in Ohio, and passed through Pittsburgh in April

Interest in the march dwindled in mid May. Coxey was concerned with the lack of meaningful work, and thus demanded that the federal government provide such for the unemployed.  Although it didn't seem to have much effect, the march on Washington and the growing threat of populism at this time struck fear into the hearts of many.

1894 Nominated by the People's Party for U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost in general election

1895 Nominated by People's Party for Governor OH, lost in general election

1897 Nominated by People's Party for Governor OH, lost in general election

1916 Ran for  the U.S. Senate OH, lost

1922 Ran as an independent for the U.S. House of Representatives OH , lost

1924 Ran as an independent for the U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost

1926 Ran for the Republican Party's nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost in the primary election

1928 Again tried unsuccessfully to get the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate OH in the primary. In the general election, he ran as an independent for the U.S. House of Representatives OH, lost

1928 Interracial Independent Party candidate President U.S. with Simon P. W. Drew as his running mate, lost to Herbert Hoover

1930 Again lost the contest to be the Republican nominee in the U.S. House of Representatives OH primary

1931 Elected as Mayor of Massillon OH

1932 Again lost the contest to be the Republican nominee in the U.S. House of Representatives OH primary

1932 Farmer-Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1934 Again lost the contest to be the Republican nominee for U.S. House of Representatives OH

1936 Ran again for U.S. House of Representatives OH, this time under the banner of the Union Party, and again losing

1938 Contested for the Democratic Party's nomination in the 16th District primaries, lost

1941 Unsuccessfully tried to get the Democratic nomination for Mayor of Massillon, OH, after losing his seat in 1933

1942 Contested for the Democratic Party's nomination U.S. House of Representatives, lost

Julius Reiter MN Farmer-Labor Party

1907-1909, 1917-1919, 1923-1925, 1931-1935 Mayor Rochester, MN

1912, 1916 Alternate delegate to Democratic National Convention from MN

1920 Farmer-Labor Party candidate U.S. House of Representatives MN , lost

1932 Farmer-Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Jacob Coxey, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:30:21 pm
1936

Franklin D Roosevelt NY Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1932

John Nance Garner TX Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1932

Alf Landon KS Republican, Progressive, Republican

=====
Father of Nancy Landon Kassebaum, Caseworker for Republican Senator James B Pearson of Kansas 1975. Nancy Landon Kassebaum served as U.S. Senator for Kansas 1978-1997. Was the first female U.S. Senator elected without having been preceded in office by her husband.

Father-in-law of Howard Baker, who was married to Landon's daughter, Nancy Landon Kassebaum Baker 1996-2014. Howard Baker served as U.S. Senator for Tennessee 1967-1985, U.S. Senate Minority Leader 1977-1981, U.S. Senate Majority Leader 1981-1985, White House Chief of Staff 1987-1988 under President Reagan, U.S. Ambassador to Japan 2001-2005.

Grandfather of Richard Kassebaum, documentary filmmaker, best remembered for producing television documentaries, including the 2002 award-winning Limited Series Woodrow Wilson and the Birth of the American Century

Grandfather of William Kassebaum, Kansas State House of Representatives 2003-2004
====

1908 graduated from University of Kansas with a law degree
 
1912 Entered the oil business and became an independent petroleum producer in Independence, Kansas

1912 Attended the Progressive (Bull Moose) Party Convention and campaigned in Kansas for the Progressive Party Presidential candidate, Theodore Roosevelt. Thereafter, Landon’s political affiliation remained with the Republican Party and Kansas progressivism.

1917-1918 During World War I, served in the United States Army as a First Lieutenant in chemical warfare

1922 Private secretary to the Governor of Kansas, Republican Henry J Allen

Later Became known as the leader of the liberal Republicans in Kansas

1928 Elected chairman of the Republican State Central Committee in Kansas

1928 Directed the Republican successful Presidential and gubernatorial campaigns in Kansas

By 1929, the oil industry had made Landon a millionaire, and he was instrumental in the establishment of the Kansas-Oklahoma division of the United States Oil and Gas Association, then known as the Mid-Continent Oil and Gas Association, a petroleum lobbying organization

1932 In the Presidential campaign, a coolness developed between Landon and then U.S. President Herbert Hoover, the Republican candidate for President U.S.

Jan 9 1933-Jan 11 1937 Governor of Kansas  

Elected Governor of Kansas in 1932. Re-elected Governor of Kansas in 1934.  

Landon and Frank Merriam of California were the only Republican Governors in the nation to be reelected in 1934

To clarify, Merriam was elected Lieutenant Governor of California Nov 4 1930. When the Governor of California, James Rolph, died Jun 2 1934, Marriam became Governor of California. Marriam was then elected Governor of California Nov 6 1934.

This victory by Landon led to the “Landon Boom” and to Landon's Presidential candidacy of 1936

1936 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover, Alf Landon, and Frank Knox were the only supporters of Progressive Party candidate for President U.S. Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 to be later named to a national Republican ticket

1938 The Republicans' defeats in 1932 and 1936 plunged the party into a period of bitter intraparty strife. Landon played an important role in ending this internal bickering, in helping to prepare a new group of leaders for the Presidential campaign of 1940, and in trying to bring about a compromise between the isolationist and internationalist viewpoints in foreign policy.

Declined a position in President Franklin D Roosevelt's cabinet because he made his acceptance contingent upon the President's renunciation of a third term

Dec 13 1966 Gave the first "Landon Lecture" at Kansas State University in Manhattan, Kansas. Landon's lecture, titled "New Challenges in International Relations" was the first in a series of public issues lectures that continues to this day and has featured numerous world leaders and political figures, including seven U.S. Presidents, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H W Bush, Bill Clinton, George W Bush.

Later in the 1960s, backed President Lyndon Johnson on Medicare and other Great Society programs

1976 Addressed the Republican National Convention in Kansas City, Missouri

Sep 9, 1987 On Landon's 100th birthday, he was visited by President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan, who extended their warmest wishes to him

Frank Knox IL Republican, Progressive, Republican

Attended Alma College in Alma, Michigan

1898 During Spanish-American War joined the United States Army, served in Cuba with the Theodore Roosevelt's famous Rough Riders, the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment

Became a newspaper reporter at Michigan's Grand Rapids Herald, where he went from reporter to city editor in a year. This was the beginning of a career that included ownership of several newspapers.

Began his first foray into politics, being asked to speak on behalf of the Congressional campaign of William Alden Smith, successful Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives Michigan

1900 Moved to the business side of the Grand Rapids Herald newspaper

1902 He and a partner purchased the Lake Superior Journal, which he transformed into the daily Evening Journal. Within a year, he had taken over his chief rival to become the Evening News.

Became the Michigan State Republican Party Chairman

1910 Campaign manager for Chase S. Osborn, successful Republican candidate for Governor Michigan

1912 Left Michigan to start the Leader, a new paper in Manchester, New Hampshire, with the financial backing of New Hampshire Republican Governor Robert Perkins Bass

1912 As founding editor of New Hampshire's Manchester Leader, forerunner to the New Hampshire Union Leader, supported Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive ticket. However, with that exception, adhered to the Republican Party.

1913 Bought out the rival Daily Union, and the paper became the Manchester Union Leader

1917-1918 World War I, enlisted in United States Army, served as an artillery officer in France, promoted to rank of Major

1919 Released from military service

Continued to run the Union Leader until 1927, when he was appointed General Manger of the Hearst newspaper chain, a post he held until resigning in December 1930

1930 Became publisher and part owner of the Chicago Daily News

As publisher of the Chicago Daily News, he contributed editorials harshly critical of the New Deal

1936 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Alf Landon

1936 At the start of the Republican National Convention, Governor Alf Landon of Kansas looked like the likely nominee for President U.S., but faced opposition from a coalition led by Michigan Senator Arthur Vandenberg, Idaho Senator William E Borah, and newspaper publisher Frank Knox of Illinois. However, the stop-Landon movement failed.

Knox withdrew from the race for the Presidential nomination in order to become Landon's selection for Vice President U.S.

1936 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Alf Landon, lost

Herbert Hoover, Alf Landon, and Frank Knox were the only supporters of Progressive Party candidate for President U.S. Theodore Roosevelt in 1912 to be later named to a national Republican ticket

Jul 11 1940-Apr 28 1944 U.S. Secretary of the Navy in the cabinet of President Franklin D Roosevelt. Knox died in office.

The appointment of Knox as Secretary of the Navy was part of President Roosevelt's effort to build bi-partisan support for his foreign and defense policies following the defeat of France by Germany



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:31:04 pm
1936 Continued

William Lemke ND Nonpartisan League, Republican, Union Party

1902 Graduated University of North Dakota where he was a superior student

Stayed at the state university for the first year of law school then moved to Georgetown University, then to Yale Law School, where he finished work on his law degree and won the praise of the dean

Returned to North Dakota in 1905 to set up law practice at Fargo

1921-1922 Attorney General ND

Mar 4 1933-Jan 31 1941 U.S. House of Representatives ND, a member of the Nonpartisan League on the Republican Party ticket

1936 Union Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1936 Simultaneously reelected to U.S. House of Representatives ND as a Republican

1940 After having already received the Republican nomination for a fifth House term, withdrew from that race to launch an unsuccessful run as an independent for U.S. Senate ND

Jan 3 1943-May 30 1950 U.S. House of Representatives ND, Republican

Thomas C O'Brien MA Republican, Democratic, Union Party

Lawyer

1913-1916 Member Massachusetts Board of Parole

1922-1927 District Attorney Suffolk District, MA

1925 Candidate for Mayor of Boston, MA, lost

1936 Union Party candidate for U.S. Senate MA, lost

1936 Candidate for nomination U.S. Senate in Republican primary election, lost

1936 Candidate for nomination U.S. Senate in Democratic primary election, lost

1936 Union Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Lemke, lost

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1928

George A Nelson WI Socialist Party of America

Dairy farmer

1930s The author of two political pamphlets on agricultural issues published by the Socialist Party in the 1930s

1930s Active in the cooperative movement, which touted over 450 cooperative creameries during the decade

Joined the Social Democratic Party of America

Elected to the WI State Assembly and served as Speaker of the Assembly for the 1926 term

1930s A member of the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin during the 1930s

Was a long-time leader of the American Society of Equity, a farmers' rights organization, serving as President of the Wisconsin Section from 1922 to 1931

Active in the Farm Holiday Association, elected as a Vice President in 1936

1934 Socialist Party candidate for Governor WI, lost

1936 Socialist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost.  With party leader Norman Thomas from New York state heading the ticket and making his traditional appeal to young and educated Americans, the selection of the Midwestern farmer Nelson was clearly intended as a calculated attempt at ticket balancing, a signal that the Socialist Party was ready to seriously join the growing movement for a Farmer-Labor party in America.

1938 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor WI of the Farmer-Labor Progressive Federation, lost

1944 After Farmer-Labor Progressive Federation ended in 1941, was again Socialist Party candidate for Governor WI, lost

Earl Browder KS Communist Party USA

1907 Joined Socialist Party of America in Wichita and remained in that organization until the party split of 1912

Joined AF of L union of his trade, the Bookkeepers, Stenographers and Accountants union

1919 Helped start a radical newspaper, The Workers World, with Browder serving as the first editor

1920 Joined United Communist Party (UCP), as well as the fledgling Trade Union Educational League (TUEL). Became managing editor of the monthly magazine of TUEL, The Labor Herald.

1921 Delegate to an international confederation of Communist trade unions in Moscow, the Red International of Labor Unions (RILU, or "Profintern") organized by Communist International (Cominterm)

Throughout early 1920s, worked with others closely in the TUEL, trying to win over the support of the Chicago Federation of Labor in the establishment of a new mass Farmer-Labor Party that would be able to challenge the electoral hegemony of the Republican and Democratic parties

1928 Went to China and worked on behalf of RILU's Pan Pacific Trade Union Secretariat, a Comintern organization engaged in clandestine labor organizing

1929 Dispatched to Vladivostok to attend the final formal gathering of RILU's Pan Pacific Trade Union Secretariat

1929 Deferred from the position of party Secretary, not feeling himself sufficiently acclimated to the political situation in the CPUSA

1929 Became part of a three member CPUSA Secretariat as head of the party's Agitation and Propaganda department

1933-1945 General Secretary Communist Party USA

1936 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

James W Ford NY Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1932

D Leigh Colvin NY Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1920

Claude A Watson CA Prohibition Party

Lawyer, businessman, minister

A certified pilot, was the first American candidate for President or Vice President in history to fly his own airplane and flew over 16,000 miles campaigning

1936 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with D Leigh Colvin, lost

1944 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1948 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman

John W Aiken CT Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1932

Emil F Teichert NY Socialist Labor Party

1932 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1934 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1936 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John W Aiken, lost

1944 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1948 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:31:45 pm
1940

Franklin D Roosevelt NY Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1932

Henry A Wallace IA  Republican until 1933, Democratic 1933–1946, Progressive/American Labor 1946–1948

=====
Son of Henry C Wallace, a Republican, Secretary of Agriculture 1921–1924 under Presidents Warren G Harding and Calvin Coolidge
=====

1910 Graduated from Iowa State College at Ames, Iowa with a bachelor's degree in animal husbandry

Worked on editorial staff of the family owned paper Wallaces' Farmer in Des Moines, Iowa from 1910 to 1924 and took the role of chief editor from 1924 to 1929

1912 Supported Progressive Party candidate Theodore Roosevelt for President U.S.

1915 Devised the first corn-hog ratio charts indicating the probable course of markets. Was also a practicing statistician, writing an influential article with the pioneering statistician George W. Snedecor of Iowa State University on computational methods for correlations and regressions and publishing sophisticated statistical studies in the pages of Wallaces’ Farmer. Snedecor invited Wallace to teach a graduate course on least squares. It was Wallace, more than any other individual, who introduced econometrics, a form of statistical analysis used by economists, to the field of agriculture.

1926 With the help of a small inheritance that had been left to his wife, along with a group of Des Moines, Iowa businessmen, Wallace founded the highly successful Hi-Bred Corn Company, which made him a wealthy man. The company later became Pioneer Hi-Bred, a major agriculture corporation. It was acquired in 1999 by the DuPont Corporation for approximately $10 billion.

Mar 4 1933-Sep 4 1940 U.S. Secretary of Agriculture under Franklin D Roosevelt

1940 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Franklin D Roosevelt, won

Jan 20 1941-Jan 20 1945 33rd Vice President U.S. under Franklin D Roosevelt

1941 Named by President Roosevelt as chairman of the Board of Economic Warfare (BEW) and of the Supply Priorities and Allocations Board (SPAB). Both positions became important with the U.S. entry into World War II.

1944 After controversial visit to Soviet Union and his public feud with Jesse H Jones, U..S. Secretary of Commerce, and other high government officials, President Roosevelt stripped Wallace of his war agency responsibilities and began to entertain the idea of replacing Wallace as Vice Presidential candidate on the Democratic Party Presidential ticket for 1944

1944 Dropped from the Democratic Party Presidential ticket as the nominee for Vice President U.S. by President Roosevelt, replaced as Vice Presidential nominee by U.S. Senator from Missouri Harry Truman. Wallace had missed becoming the 33rd President of the United States by just 82 days.
 
Mar 2 1945–Sep 20 1946 U.S. Secretary of Commerce under President Roosevelt and President Truman. Fired from cabinet by President Truman.

As of 2015, Wallace is the last former Vice President to have served in a President's cabinet

1946-1948 Following his term as Secretary of Commerce became the editor of The New Republic magazine

1948 Progressive Party/American Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman,  Thomas E Dewey, Strom Thurmond

1952 Wallace published Where I Was Wrong, in which he explained that his seemingly trusting stance toward the Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin stemmed from inadequate information about Stalin's crimes, and that he now considered himself an anti-Communist

1956 Advocated the reelection of Republican President Dwight D Eisenhower

1960 Supported Republican candidate Vice President Richard Nixon for President  

1961 President-elect John F Kennedy invited Wallace to his inauguration ceremony, even though he had supported Kennedy's opponent, Richard Nixon

Second Lady of the United States Ilo Wallace 1941-1945

Attended Monmouth College with the class of 1911.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:32:10 pm
1940 Continued

Wendell Willkie NY Democratic until 1939, Republican 1939-1944

=====
Father of Philip Willkie, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Conventions 1948 and 1960.  Served three two-year terms as a member of the Indiana State House of Representatives 1949-1954.  In 1960, he was briefly considered by Republican Presidential nominee  Richard M Nixon as his Vice Presidential running mate, but the selection went instead to Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr, of Massachusetts.
=====

1913 Earned BA from Indiana University

Taught history for a year in Coffeyville, Kansas

1916 Earned LLB from Indiana University School of Law

1917 World War I, enlisted in U.S. Army

Received a commission as a First Lieutenant and trained to be an artillery officer. Arrived in France just as the war ended. Since he was a lawyer, he was assigned to the American headquarters in Paris to assist in military trials.

After discharge, worked as a corporate lawyer for the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in Akron, Ohio

Became active in Akron Democratic Party

1924 Delegate to Democratic National Convention

1929 Became a legal counsel for the New York-based Commonwealth & Southern Corporation, which provided electrical power to customers in eleven states

1932 Delegate to Democratic National Convention. Initially backed former Secretary of War Newton D Baker for Presidential nomination, but when Franklin D Roosevelt was chosen, supported him and contributed money to his campaign.

1933 Became President of Commonwealth & Southern Corporation

1933 Testified against the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) legislation before the Military Affairs Committee in the U.S. House of Representatives

1938 Made a highly publicized appearance on the popular Town Hall nationwide radio program, where he debated the merits of the private-enterprise system with Robert H Jackson. Jackson was Roosevelt's Solicitor General and a possible 1940 Democratic Presidential candidate. Most listeners felt that Willkie won the debate, and many liberal Republicans began to view him as a possible Presidential candidate.

Late 1939 Formally switched political parties from Democratic to Republican and began making speeches opposing aspects of the New Deal

1940 Won Republican Party nomination for President U.S. as a dark horse candidate, lost election to Franklin D Roosevelt

After the election, Willkie became a fervent internationalist and an unlikely ally of Roosevelt supporting initiatives such as Lend-Lease, and campaigned against isolationism

As well after the election, as nominal leader of the Republican Party, gave the President his full support. This angered many conservatives, especially as Willkie increasingly advocated liberal or internationalist causes.

Willkie and Roosevelt discussed the possibility of forming, after the war, a liberal political party, but Willkie died in Oct 1944 before the idea could bear fruit. Willkie is remembered for giving Roosevelt vital political assistance, which allowed the President to aid Britain in its time of crisis.

Jan 19 1941, the evening before Roosevelt's third swearing-in, the President asked Willkie to be his informal personal representative to Britain, and Willkie accepted

1941, 1942 As Roosevelt's personal representative, traveled to Britain and the Middle East in late 1941, and to the Soviet Union and China in 1942
 
1941 Joined with Eleanor Roosevelt to found Freedom House

1941 Joined the law firm of Miller, Boston, and Owen in New York City, and shortly thereafter the firm changed its name to Willkie, Owen, Otis, Farr, and Gallagher. It is now Willkie, Farr, & Gallagher

Jul 23 1941 Urged unlimited aid to Britain

1942 Spoke often of the need to uplift blacks and addressed a convention of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), one of the most prominent politicians to do so up to that time

1943 Published One World, a book for popular audiences in which he recounted his world travels on the Gulliver and urged that America accept some form of "world government" after the war

1944 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Tomas E Dewey

Charles McNary OR Republican

1888 Met Herbert Hoover, a future U.S. President, who moved to Salem, OR in 1888

For a short time attended Capital Business College

After leaving that school, enrolled in college preparatory classes at Willamette University, with an eye towards attending Stanford University or the University of California

1896 Moved to California to attend Stanford, where he studied law, economics, science, history

1897 Left Stanford and returned to Oregon

In Salem read law passed the bar in 1898

Later worked in the county recorder's office for his brother John McNary, who had been elected as county recorder in 1890

1892-1896 Held first public office as Marion County's deputy recorder

1899 Began teaching property law at Willamette University College of Law

1904 Managed his brother John McNary's successful campaign for District Attorney for the third judicial district of Oregon

1904-1911 Deputy Recorder Marion County, OR, appointed by his brother John McNary

1908-1913 Dean  Willamette University Colllege of Law

1909-1911 President Salem Board of Trade

1909 Helped organize the Salem Fruit Union, an agricultural association

1910 Special legal counsel to Oregon's Railroad Commission, appointed by Oregon Democratic Governor Oswald West

McNary maintained friendly relations with both progressive and conservative factions of the Oregon Republicans as well as with Governor West

1913-1915 Associate Justice Oregon Supreme Court, appointed by Governor West, to fill a new position created by the legislature's expansion of the court from five justices to seven

1914 Filed to run for a full six-year term on the bench. At that time the office was partisan, and McNary lost the Republican primary by a single vote to Henry L Benson after several recounts and the discovery of uncounted ballots.

1916-1918 After a close multi-ballot contest among several contenders, the Republican State Committee members elected McNary to be their chairperson. He was seen as someone who could unify the progressive and conservative wings of the party in Oregon.

1916 As Chairman of Oregon's Republican Party, McNary campaigned to get Republican Presidential nominee Charles Evans Hughes elected in the November 1916 general election. Hughes carried Oregon.

May 29 1917 When U.S. Senator Harry Lane died in office on May 23, 1917, appointed by Oregon Governor Withycombe to fill the unexpired term

May 29 1917-Nov 5 1918 U.S. Senate OR

1918 Resigned as Chairman Oregon Republican Party to seek full term in U.S. Senate for OR, winning the Republican primary and the election, defeating former Governor Oswald West in the election

Dec 18 1918-Feb 25 1944 U.S. Senate OR, died in office

Mar 4 1933-Jan 3 1940 U.S. Senate Minority Leader

Mar 4 1933-Feb 25 1944 Chair U.S. Senate Republican Conference

1940 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Wendell Willkie, lost

Jan 3 1941-Feb 25 1944 U.S. Senate Minority Leader



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:32:33 pm
1940 Continued

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America See 1928

Maynard C Krueger IL Socialist Party of America

University of Missouri, received a Bachelor of Arts degree 1926 and a Master's degree 1927

1928-1932 Instructor University of Pennsylvania, also spent time at Universities of Berlin, Paris, Geneva

1932 Accepted a position at the University of Chicago as an Assistant Professor, initially lecturing in Sociology. Soon moving to the Economics Department, became an Associate Professor in 1947, a full Professor in 1965, and Emeritus in 1977. He gained a measure of public recognition during the 1930s as a frequent participant in the University of Chicago's regular Round Table radio broadcasts.

1930s Involved with many left-wing organizations such as the Socialist Party of America and the Chicago Workers Committee on Unemployment.

During the election campaign of 1932,  served as the National Director of Research for the Socialist Party

Active in the trade union movement, serving three times as a vice president of the American Federation of Teachers during the decade of the 1930s

Active in the Chicago Federation of Labor during 1936 and 1937

During the Socialist Party's faction fight of the 1930s, was an active member of the so-called "Militant" faction of young Marxists who sought to turn the SP to the left

August 1933, Delegate at the Socialist International Congress at Paris, where he advocated arming the proletariat

1940 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost

Although Krueger was 34 at the time of the November 1940 election, younger than the constitutional age of 35 for someone seeking to be in line for the U.S. Presidency, he was able to point out that by Inauguration Day on January 20, 1941, he would be 35 years and 4 days old.

On the Executive Committee of the Socialist Party for many years, serving as the SP's National Chairman from 1942 to 1946

1948 Ran as an Independent candidate for U.S. House of Representatives IL, lost

1958 Won the University of Chicago's Quantrell Award, believed to be the nation's oldest prize for undergraduate teaching

Roger Babson MA Prohibition Party

Entrepreneur, Businessman, Economist, Writer, Philanthropist

Attended Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked for investment firms before founding, in 1904, Babson's Statistical Organization, which analyzed stocks and business reports. It continues today as Babson-United, Inc.

1940 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

Edgar Moorman IL Prohibition Party

Businessman

He and his 1940 running mate, Roger Babson, were especially influential in moving the philosophical basis of the Prohibition Party from pragmatic Christian Progressivism to hard-right doctrinal Christian fundamentalism

1940 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Roger Babson, lost

Earl Browder KS Communist Party USA See 1936

James W Ford NY Communist Party USA See 1932

John W Aiken CT Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1932

Aaron M Orange NY Socialist Labor Party

1933 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Mayor New York City, N.Y., lost

1934 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor New York, lost
 
1935 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Justice New York Supreme Court 1st District, lost

1937 Industrial Government candidate for delegate to New York state constitutional convention at-large, lost

1938 Industrial Government candidate for Governor New York, lost  

1940 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John W Aiken, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:33:17 pm
1944

Franklin D Roosevelt NY Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1932

Harry Truman MO Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1948

Thomas E Dewey NY Republican

=====
Father of Thomas E Dewey Jr, Board of Trustees at The Scripps Research Institute, has served Lenox Hill Hospital in Manhattan, New York City, as an active Trustee since 1959 and Chairman Emeritus since 1993, Vice Chairman New York City Housing Development Corporation 1972-1989
=====
1923 Graduated from University of Michigan with a B.A. degree

1925 Graduated from Columbia University Law School with an LL.B degree

Dewey was a lifelong Republican, and in the 1920s and 1930s he was a Republican Party worker in New York City, eventually rising to become Chair of the New York Young Republican Club

First served as a federal prosecutor, then started a lucrative private law practice on Wall Street in New York City

1931-1933 Chief Assistant to U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York

1933 Acting U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York

1934-1935 Special Assistant to U.S. Attorney General Democrat Homer Stille Cummings

1935-1937 Special Prosecutor for a grand jury investigation of vice and racketeering in New York City, appointed by New York Democratic Governor Herbert H Lehman

In this assignment and in his next assignment, he gained national prominence as a crusading prosecutor

Jan 1 1938-Dec 31 1941 District Attorney New York County (Manhattan)

1938 Republican Party candidate for Governor NY, losing to Democratic incumbent, Herbert H Lehman

Dewey was only very narrowly defeated, but his surprisingly strong showing brought him national political attention and made him a frontrunner for the 1940 Republican Presidential nomination

1940 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Wendell Willkie

1942 Republican Party candidate for Governor NY, elected  

1944 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1946 Republican Party candidate for reelection Governor NY, reelected

1948 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman

1950 Republican Party candidate for reelection Governor NY, reelected
 
In total Jan 1 1943-Dec 31 1954 Governor NY

1952 Dewey did not run again for President but he played a major role in securing the Republican Presidential nomination for General Dwight Eisenhower

1952 Dewey played a major role in helping California Senator Richard Nixon become Eisenhower's Vice Presidential running mate

1952 When Eisenhower won the Presidency later that year, many of Dewey's closest aides and advisors became leading figures in the Eisenhower Administration. Among them were Herbert Brownell, who would become Eisenhower's Attorney General, James Hagerty, who would become White House Press Secretary, and John Foster Dulles, who would become Eisenhower's Secretary of State.

1954 Dewey's third term as Governor NY expired at the end of that  year, after which he retired from public service and returned to his law practice, Dewey Ballantine, although he remained a power broker behind the scenes in the Republican Party

1956 When Eisenhower mulled not running for a second term, he suggested Dewey as his choice as successor, but party leaders made it plain that they would not entrust the nomination to Dewey yet again, and ultimately Eisenhower decided to run for re-election

1956 Dewey played a major role in convincing Eisenhower to keep Richard Nixon as his Vice Presidential running mate
 
1960 Dewey strongly supported Republican Richard Nixon's ultimately unsuccessful Presidential campaign against Democrat John F. Kennedy

By the 1960s, as the conservative wing assumed more and more power within the Republican Party, Dewey removed himself further and further from party matters. When the Republicans in 1964 gave Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, Taft's successor as the conservative leader, their Presidential nomination, Dewey declined to even attend the GOP Convention in San Francisco. It was the first Republican Convention he had missed since 1936.

In the mid 1960s President Lyndon Johnson offered Dewey a number of positions on several blue ribbon commissions, especially a national crime commission, which Johnson wanted Dewey to chair, as well as a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court, but Dewey declined them all, for he preferred to remain in political retirement and concentrate on his highly profitable law firm. By the early 1960s Dewey's law practice had made him a multimillionaire.

Although closely identified with the Republican Party for virtually his entire adult life, Dewey was a close friend of Democratic Senator Hubert H. Humphrey. Dewey aided Humphrey in being named as the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1964, advising Lyndon Johnson on ways to block efforts at the party convention by Kennedy loyalists to stampede Robert Kennedy onto the ticket as Johnson's running mate.

After Richard Nixon won the Presidency in 1968, there were rumors that Dewey would be offered a cabinet position, or a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court. However, Dewey declined all offers to return to government service.

John W Bricker OH Republican

Attended Ohio State University, member of the debating team

1916 Graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Ohio State University

1917 Admitted to Ohio bar

1917-1918 During World War I, served as First Lieutenant and chaplain in the United States Army

1920 Graduated from Ohio State University law school

1920 Began legal practice in Columbus

1920-1928 Solicitor for Grandview Heights, OH

1923-1927 Assistant Attorney General OH
 
1929-1932 A member of the Public Utilities Commission OH

1933-1937 Attorney General OH

Jan 9 1939-Jan 8 1945 Governor OH

1944 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Dewey, lost

Jan 3 1947-Jan 3 1959 U.S. Senate OH

1958 Lost bid for re-election to U.S. Senate OH

In 1945, Bricker founded the Columbus law firm now known as Bricker & Eckler. The firm now has additional offices in Cleveland and West Chester, Ohio. The West Chester office serves the cities of Cincinnati and Dayton. "Bricker" is now one of the ten largest law firms in the state of Ohio.

After leaving the U.S. Senate, Bricker resumed the practice of law


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:33:39 pm
1944 Continued

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1928

Darlington Hoopes PA Socialist Party of America, Socialist Party USA

While attending high school became a Christian Socialist

Began his studies at the University of Wisconsin, majoring in agriculture. Only completed one year at the University before being called back to work on his parents' new farm in Pennsylvania.

Changed his career goals and decided to study the law on his own, taking correspondence courses in public speaking and law from the socialist school People's College at Fort Scott, Kansas, as well as studying during the evening for a five-year period at a law office in Norristown, Pennsylvania. Passed his final Pennsylvania Bar Exam in 1921. Practiced law in Norristown from 1921 to 1927

1914 Visited the Madison office of the Socialist Party in October 1914 and joined the party

From 1923 Served as Executive Secretary and Treasurer of Socialist Party of Pennsylvania. Was also a member of the Pennsylvania state grange.

1927 Relocated to Reading, PA following the victory of the Socialist Party there in the November elections. In that election J. Henry Stump won the first of his three terms as Mayor of Reading, and saw the majority of Reading City Council won by members of the Socialist Party.

1928 Hired as an assistant city solicitor by the Stump Administration

1929 Socialist candidate for judge in Berks County (county of the city of Reading), lost

1930-1936 Socialist member PA State House of Representatives

For his work on outlawing child labor in Pennsylvania, Hoopes was voted as the "most able legislator" by Pennsylvania journalists

Served as Chairman of Socialist Party of America

1944 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost

1952 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1956 Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1973 Joined the reconstituted Socialist Party USA

The 1956 election would be the last Presidential election the Socialist Party contested until after it broke into three groups in 1972-1973. In 1973 Hoopes joined the reconstituted Socialist Party USA, which resumed fielding Presidential candidates and remains a small third party.

Claude A Watson CA Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1936

Andrew N Johnson KY Prohibition Party

Methodist Minister
 
An ardent advocate for prohibition

1944 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Claude A Watson, lost

The party, meeting in Indianapolis Nov 1943 originally named Floyd C. Carrier as its Vice Presidential candidate. At the time of the nomination, Carrier was serving as General Secretary for the American Temperance Society. He subsequently dropped out of the campaign due to health problems. Johnson was added by the party's executive committee to replace him.

Edward A Teichert PA Socialist Labor Party  

1944 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Franklin D Roosevelt

1948 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman

1956 Socialist Labor candidate for Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania

Arla A Albaugh OH Socialist Labor Party

1944 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Edward A Teichert, lost

1946 Socialist Labor candidate Governor OH, lost

1962 Socialist Labor candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost

1964 Socialist Labor candidate PA State Auditor General, lost

The Texas Regulars  

The Texas Regulars was a group based in Texas which was formed in 1944 to deny Franklin D. Roosevelt a majority of the Electoral College in the 1944 Presidential election.

By the 1940s, Texas conservative Democrats were irritated with Roosevelt and his New Deal and they were also unhappy about the Supreme Court striking down the segregated primary in Smith v. Allwright. They planned to gain control of the nominating convention and select a slate of electors who would not vote for Roosevelt. Texas Regulars supporters included Congressman Martin Dies Jr., former Texas governor Dan Moody, and Senator W. Lee O'Daniel.

The Texas Regulars won the first convention, but they then lost the second convention. This led them to form their own ticket which did not field a candidate. On election day, they finished third both in Texas and in the national popular vote, with 135,439 votes (0.3% of the vote nationally, and 11.8% of the vote in Texas). They won a majority in only Washington County, Texas. Roosevelt easily carried Texas with 71.4% of the statewide vote and won national re-election with 432 of 531 Electoral Votes.

The Texas Regulars disbanded soon afterward, but many of them went on to support the Dixiecrat candidacy of Strom Thurmond in 1948.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:34:20 pm
1948

Harry Truman MO Democratic
=====
Father of Margaret Truman (married name Margaret Truman Daniel)

Among other things, Margaret Truman was an author, and wrote extensively about the Truman family

Non fiction books written by Margaret Truman:

Souvenir, Margaret Truman's Own Story 1956  
White House Pets 1969  
Harry S. Truman 1973  
Women of Courage 1976  
Letters From Father: The Truman Family's Personal Correspondence 1981  
Bess W. Truman 1986  
Where The Buck Stops: The Personal and Private Writings of Harry S. Truman 1989  
First Ladies 1995  
The Life of a White House Girl 2003
The President's House: 1800 to the Present 2004  

Grandfather of Clifton Truman Daniel

Was the Director of Public Relations for Truman College, one of the seven City Colleges of Chicago

Is the honorary chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Harry S. Truman Library Institute in Independence, Missouri

Is the author of the 1995 book, Growing Up With My Grandfather: Memories of Harry S. Truman, and the 2012 book, Dear Harry, Love Bess: Bess Truman’s Letters to Harry Truman, 1919–1943

Visited Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 2012, the sites where his grandfather, President Harry Truman, had ordered the only use of atomic bombs for warfare in history
-----
1900 At age 16 was a page at the Democratic National Convention at Convention Hall in Kansas City, MO

Truman is the most recent U.S. President to not have earned a college degree. When his high school friends went off to the state university in 1901, Truman enrolled in Spalding's Commercial College, a Kansas City business school, but only remained a semester. In 1923–1925 he took night courses towards a law degree at the Kansas City Law School, now the University of Missouri–Kansas City School of Law, but dropped out after losing his government job.

1905-1911 Missouri Army National Guard in a Kansas City based artillery battery

1917-1919 World War I, post World War I, U.S. Army, achieved rank of Major

1920-1953 U.S. Army Reserve, achieved rank of Colonel

1922 Elected a Judge of the County Court of the eastern district of Jackson County, an administrative, not judicial, position similar to county commissioners elsewhere

1924 Was not re-elected as Judge of the County Court

1926 Elected the Presiding Judge for the County Court

1927-1935 Presiding Judge Jackson County MO

1930 Re-elected the Presiding Judge for the County Court

1933 Named Missouri's director for the Federal Re-Employment program, part of the Civil Works Administration, at the request of Postmaster General James Farley

After serving as Judge, wanted to run for Governor or U.S. House of Representatives or thought that he would serve out his career in some well paying sinecure at the county level, but ran successfully for U.S. Senate

Jan 3 1935-Jan 17 1945 U.S. Senate MO

1944 Chosen at Democratic National Convention as Vice Presidential nominee replacing Vice President Henry A Wallace

Jan 20 1945–Apr 12 1945 34th Vice President U.S. under Franklin D Roosevelt who died Apr 12 1945
  
Apr 12 1945–Jan 20 1953 33rd President U.S.

Jul 17-Aug 22 1945 President Harry Truman attended The Potsdam Conference, held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm, in Potsdam, occupied Germany. In some older documents it is also referred to as the Berlin Conference. Participants were the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. The three powers were represented by President Harry Truman, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and, later, Clement Atlee, and Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin. Atlee participated alongside Churchill while awaiting the outcome of the 1945 general election, and then replaced Churchill as Prime Minister after the Labour Party's defeat of the Conservatives.

The leaders gathered to decide how to administer the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on May 8 1945, V-E Day. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaty issues, and countering the effects of the war.

1948 Acknowledging General Dwight Eisenhower's immense popularity, Truman privately proposed to Eisenhower that they run together on the Democratic ticket in 1948—with Truman as the Vice Presidential candidate. Eisenhower refused.

1948 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

At the time of the 1952 New Hampshire primary, no candidate had won Truman's backing. His first choice, Chief Justice Fred M Vinson, had declined to run, Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson had also turned Truman down, Vice President Barkley was considered too old, and Truman distrusted and disliked Senator Kefauver. Truman had hoped to recruit General Eisenhower as a Democratic candidate, but found him more interested in seeking the Republican nomination. Accordingly, Truman let his name be entered in the New Hampshire primary by supporters. The highly unpopular Truman was handily defeated by Kefauver. Eighteen days later the President announced he would not seek a second full term. Truman was eventually able to persuade Stevenson to run, and the Governor gained the nomination at the 1952 Democratic National Convention.

Truman supported Adlai Stevenson's second bid for the White House in 1956, although he had initially favored Democratic Governor W Averell Harriman of New York. He continued to campaign for Democratic Senatorial candidates for many years. Upon turning 80 in 1964, Truman was feted in Washington, and addressed the Senate, availing himself of a new rule that allowed former Presidents to be granted privilege of the floor. In 1965, President Lyndon B Johnson signed the Medicare bill at the Harry S Truman Library & Museum and gave the first two Medicare cards to Truman and his wife Bess to honor the former President's fight for government health care while in office.

Second Lady of the United States Bess Truman 1945

First Lady of the United States Bess Truman 1945-1953

Studied at Miss Barstow's Finishing School for Girls in Kansas City, Missouri.

Alben W Barkley KY Democratic

1897 Earned Bachelor of Arts degree from Marvin College, Clinton, KY.  Was active in debating society.

After graduation went to Emory College, now part of Emory University, Oxford, GA. 1897–1898 academic year, was active in debating society. Could not afford to continue his education and returned to Clinton after spring semester.

Took a job teaching at Marvin College

Resigned Dec 1898 to move with his parents to Paducah, KY

Worked as a law clerk for Charles K. Wheeler, an attorney and Democratic Congressman

After two months, accepted an offer to clerk for William S. Bishop and former Democratic Congressman John Kerr Hendrick

Read law while completing his duties and was admitted to the bar in 1901

Practiced law in Paducah where a friend of Hendrick's appointed him reporter of the circuit court

Continued studying law in the summer of 1902 at the University of Virginia School of Law

1906 Took office as County Attorney of McCracken County

Chosen President of the State Association of County Attorneys

1907 During the gubernatorial election, was the Democratic county spokesman

1908 Backed William Jennings Bryan in the Presidential election

1909 County Judge McCracken County

1909 Appointed to a three-man commission to investigate county losses

1910 Member County Fiscal Court

Mar 4 1913–Mar 3 1927 U.S. House of Representatives KY

1920 Supported William Gibbs McAdoo for President at Democratic National Convention

1923 Ran for Democratic nomination for Governor KY, lost primary

1924 Again supported William Gibbs McAdoo for President at Democratic National Convention

Mar 4 1927-Jan 19 1949 U.S. Senate KY

1928 Assigned by Vice President Charles G. Dawes to a special committee to investigate the campaign expenditures of the leading candidates in the upcoming Presidential election

1928 Considered as a possible Democratic candidate for Vice President, nomination went to Senator Joseph T Robinson of Arkansas

1932 Supported Franklin D Roosevelt for Democratic Presidential nomination

1932 Roosevelt supporters offered Barkley the keynote address and temporary chairmanship of the 1932 Democratic National Convention if he would endorse their candidate

1936 Again keynote speaker at Democratic National Convention

Jul 14 1937-Jan 3 1947 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

Jan 3 1947-Jan 3 1949 U.S. Senate Minority Leader

1948 Keynote speaker at Democratic National Convention, filling this role for an unprecedented third time

1948 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Harry Truman, won

Truman's first choice for his running mate for Vice President U.S. was Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas, hoping that it might make the ticket more appealing to liberals. Douglas refused. Truman then selected Senator Barkley, with this nomination being made by acclamation.

Jan 20 1949-Jan 20 1953 35th Vice President U.S. under Harry Truman

May 1952 Announced candidacy for Democratic Presidential nomination.  Withdrew candidacy Jul 1952.

Jan 3 1955-Apr 30 1956 U.S. Senate KY, died in office

Second Lady of the United States 1949—1953

Vacant, Alben W Barkley was a widower, remarried, Jane Barkley became Second Lady of the United States 1949-1953.

Attended Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:35:12 pm
1948 Continued

Thomas E Dewey NY Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1944

Earl Warren CA Republican

1912 Graduated from University of California, Berkeley, with a B.A. in Legal Studies

1914 Graduated from University of California, Berkeley, School of Law with an LL.B.

1914 Admitted to California bar

Was strongly influenced by Hiram Johnson and other leaders of the Progressive Era to oppose corruption and promote democracy

1917-1918 1st Lieutenant U.S. Army during World War I

After 1919 Was very active in such groups as the Freemasonry, the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the Loyal Order of Moose (obtained the Pilgrim Degree of Merit, the highest award given in the fraternity) and the American Legion. Each one introduced Warren to new friends and political connections. He rose through the ranks in the Masons, culminating in his election in 1935 as the Grand Master of the Freemasons for the state of California.

1919-1920 Served as a clerk of the Judicial Committee for the 1919 Session of the California State Assembly
 
1920-1925 Deputy City Attorney of Oakland

1925 Appointed District Attorney Alameda County, re-elected to three four-year terms

1925-1939 District Attorney Alameda County

1932-1934 Chair of California Republican Party

1936 California favorite son candidate for Republican Party Presidential nomination, won California Republican primary, nomination won by Kansas Governor Alf Landon

1938 Won the primaries for Attorney General CA in all major parties, thanks to a system called "cross filing," and was elected without serious opposition

Jan 3 1939-Jan 4 1943 Attorney General CA
    
Thanks to cross-filing, won all the 1946 primaries for Governor CA and was nominated as a candidate by both the Republican and Democratic parties, the only California Governor to have done so. He was re-elected with over 90% of the vote against minor candidates. He was elected to a third term, as a Republican, in 1950 becoming the first person elected Governor of California three times. Warren is the only person who has been sent to office in three consecutive California gubernatorial elections. An amendment passed in 1990 sets a limit of two terms for Governor of California.

Jan 4 1943-Oct 5 1953 Governor CA

1944 Keynote Speaker at Republican National Convention

1948 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Dewey, lost

1952 Stood as a "favorite son" candidate of California for the Republican nomination for President U.S., hoping to be a power broker in a convention that might be deadlocked. But Warren had to head off a revolt by Senator Richard Nixon, who supported General Dwight D Eisenhower. Eisenhower and Nixon were nominated, and the bad blood between Warren and Nixon was apparent.

Eisenhower offered, and Warren accepted, the post of Solicitor General of the United States, with the promise of a seat on the Supreme Court of the United States when a vacancy occurred. But before it was announced, Chief Justice Fred M Vinson died suddenly in September 1953 and Eisenhower picked Warren to replace him as Chief Justice of the United States.

Oct 5 1953-Jun 23 1969 Chief Justice of the United States, nominated by President Dwight D Eisenhower

As Chief Justice, administered the oath of office to Presidents Dwight D Eisenhower, privately Jan 20 1957, publicly Jan 21 1957, John F Kennedy Jan 20 1961, Lyndon B Johnson Jan 20 1965, Richard M Nixon January 20 1969  

Nov 29 1963-Sep 24 1964 Headed the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F Kennedy, known unofficially as the Warren Commission



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:36:06 pm
1948 Continued

Strom Thurmond SC Democratic 1946-1964, States Rights Democratic (Dixiecrat) 1948, Republican 1964-2003  

=====
Father of Paul Thurmond, Assistant Solicitor in Ninth Circuit Solicitor's Office, leaving the position in 2005. 2006 elected to Charleston County council.  2009 ran for U.S. House of Representatives  South Carolina, defeated in primary.  Elected to South Carolina State Senate 2012.
=====

1919-1923 Began military career when he was an R.O.T.C. cadet at Clemson College

1923 Graduated from Clemson Agricultural College of South Carolina, now Clemson University, with a degree in horticulture

1929-1933 Edgefield County, SC Superintendent of Education

1930 After having studied law with his father as a legal apprentice was admitted to the South Carolina bar

1930-1938 Edgefield, SC Town and County Attorney

Jan 10 1933–Jan 14 1938 South Carolina State Senate

1938-1942 Eleventh Circuit Judge

1942 Resigned from the bench as Eleventh Circuit Judge to serve in the U.S. Army

Enlisted in the Army on Dec 11 1941. However, did not actually enter the service until Apr 17 1942.

1942-1945 United States Army, reaching rank of Lieutenant Colonel, World War II

1945-1963 United States Army Reserves

Jan 21 1947-Jan 16 1951 Governor SC

1948 Candidate for President U.S. on the ticket of the States Rights Democratic Party, also known as the Dixiecrats, lost to Harry Truman, Thomas E Dewey

1950 Constitutionally barred from seeking a second term as Governor, mounted a Democratic primary challenge for U.S. Senate SC, lost primary election

1952 Endorsed Republican Presidential nominee General Dwight Eisenhower for the Presidency, rather than the Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson. State Democratic Party leaders blocked Thurmond from receiving the nomination to the U.S. Senate in 1954, and he ran as a write-in candidate.

1953-1954 Vice President Reserve Officers Association

1954–1955 President Reserve Officers Association

1954 Incumbent U.S. Senator Burnet Rhett Maybank was unopposed for re-election in 1954 but died Sep 1 of that year, two months before election day. Democratic leaders hurriedly appointed  State Senator Edgar Allan Brown as the party's nominee. Opponents widely criticized the party's failure to elect a candidate by a primary vote, and Thurmond announced that he would mount a write-in campaign.

Thurmond campaigned on the pledge that if he won, he would resign in 1956 to force a primary election which could be contested. Thurmond won overwhelmingly, becoming the first person to be elected to the U.S. Senate as a write-in candidate against ballot-listed opponents. In 1956, Thurmond resigned to run in the party primary, which he won.

1956 Endorsed Republican Presidential nominee President Dwight Eisenhower for the Presidency, rather than the Democratic nominee Adlai Stevenson

Nov 7 1956-Jan 3 2003 U.S. Senate SC

1957-1958 President Military Government Association

Retired from the United States Army Reserves with the rank of Major General

1964 Switched his party affiliation to the Republican Party (GOP), which was seeking to revive its presence in the South by appealing to conservative voters

Jan 3 1981-Jan 3 1987 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Jan 3 1995-Jan 3 2001 President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Jan 20 2001-Jun 6 2001 President Pro Tempore U..S. Senate

Jun 6 2001-Jan 3 2003 1st President Pro Tempore Emeritus U.S. Senate

Fielding Wright MS Democratic 1928-1948, States Rights Democratic (Dixiecrat) 1948, Democratic 1948-1956

=====
Through his mother, Frances Foote (Clements), he was a direct descendant of Fielding Lewis and his wife, Betty Washington Lewis, a sister of George Washington
=====

Studied law at University of Alabama, earning a law degree

1916 Admitted to Alabama bar, went on to open a law office in Rolling Fork in partnership with his uncle

During World War I enlisted in the U.S. Army and served until 1919, when he was honorably discharged

Turned down several opportunities to run for public office

1928-1932 MS State Senate

1932-1940 MS State House of Representatives

Second term elected Speaker MS State  House of Representatives

Jan 18 1944-Nov 2 1946 Lieutenant Governor MS

As Lieutenant Governor was presiding officer of the MS State Senate, one of only two 20th century politicians to chair both houses of the legislature, Sam Lumpkin of Tupelo, MS, being the other
 
1946 Following the death in office of MS Governor Thomas L Bailey, Wright filled the remainder of term as Governor MS

1947 Elected Governor MS

Nov 2 1946-Jan 22 1952 Governor MS

1948 Candidate for Vice President U.S. on the ticket of the States Rights Democratic Party, also known as the Dixiecrats, with Strom Thurmond, lost

1955 Made one last attempt at running for Governor MS but was narrowly defeated in the 1955 Democratic primary. After that defeat, returned to practicing law full time.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:36:36 pm
1948 Continued

Henry A Wallace IA Progressive Party/American Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1940

Glen H Taylor ID Democratic, Progressive Party/American Labor Party, Democratic

1935 Unsuccessfully attempted to organize a Farmer–Labor Party in Nevada and Montana

1938 Candidate in Democratic primary for U.S. House of Representatives ID, lost

1940 Ran for  U.S. Senate ID in a special election to fill the remaining term of a Senator who died in office, lost Democratic primary

1942 Ran again  for U.S. Senate ID, lost Democratic primary

1944 Ran for U.S. Senate ID for a third time, won Democratic primary, won Senate election

Jan 3 1945-Jan 3 1951 U.S. Senate ID
 
1948 Progressive Party/American Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Henry A Wallace, lost

The nomination prompted an effort by conservatives within the Idaho Democratic Party to expel Taylor from its ranks, but was defeated

1950 Defeated in Democratic primary for reelection to U.S. Senate ID

1954 Democratic candidate for U.S. Senate ID, decisively beaten by Republican incumbent

1956 Sixth and final attempt for reelection to U.S. Senate ID, lost Democratic primary. Lost in general election as a write in candidate.

Norman Thomas NY Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1924

Tucker P Smith MI Socialist Party of America

Graduated from the University of Missouri with a bachelor's degree and masters degree in political science

Economics Professor

A long time pacifist, and member of the Committee on Militarism in Education and the Fellowship of Reconciliation, both major pacifist organizations during and after World War I

1930 Socialist Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives MI, lost

1933-1937 Director of Brookwood Labor College

1948 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Norman Thomas, lost

Claude A Watson CA Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1936

Dale H Learn PA Prohibition Party

Nationally known as an outstanding churchman and speaker

Has been an active worker in the fight for prohibition and clean government during his entire adult life

A former trustee of the East Stroudsburg Teachers College

Involved in real estate and insurance business

1942 Prohibition Party candidate Governor PA, lost  

1946 Prohibition Party candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost

1948 Prohibition Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Claude A Watson, lost

Edward A Teichert PA Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1944

Stephen Emery NY Socialist Labor Party

1948 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Edward A Teichert, lost

1950 Industrial Government candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1952 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Eric Hass, lost

1954 Industrial Government candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1958 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1962 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

Farrell Dobbs MN Republican, Socialist Workers Party

Trotskyist, trade unionist, politician, historian

1926 Was a conservative Republican

1928 Supported Herbert Hoover for President

Political viewpoint was changed during the Great Depression in the 1930s. Seeing the plight of workers in that situation, including himself, became politically radicalized to the left.

1933 Joined the Teamsters Union, and then the Communist League of America

Worked full time as a union organizer for awhile

Was influential in the Teamsters' shift from emphasis on local delivery work to over-the-road traffic, which keyed their great expansion towards becoming the largest union in the United States

1939 Worked for the new Socialist Workers Party (SWP)

1940 Met the Russian revolutionary leader Leon Trotsky when he visited Mexico shortly before Trotsky's death

Served as mentor and advisor to a young Jimmy Hoffa, while Hoffa was making his rise within the Teamsters, eventually becoming its President in 1957

1944-1945 For opposing World War II, he and other leaders of the SWP and the Minneapolis Teamsters were convicted of violating the Smith Act, which made it illegal to "conspire to advocate the violent overthrow of the United States Government." He served over a year in Federal Correctional Institution, Sandstone

Editor of the SWP's newspaper, The Militant

1948 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Harry Truman

1952 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1953-1972 National Secretary Socialist Workers Party

1956 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1960 Went to Cuba to experience the revolutionary movement, and decided to fully support the Cuban Revolution and the leadership of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara

1960 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

1972 Retired but remained in the SWP until his death in 1983

Grace Carlson MN Socialist Workers Party

Marxist politician

Had been a professor of psychology at the University of Minnesota

1940 Socialist Workers Party candidate for U.S. Senate MN, lost

1941 As a leading member of the Socialist Workers Party was imprisoned under the Smith Act together with many other SWP leaders for opposing the US involvement in World War II. After 16 month prison sentence, became an activist for better conditions for women prisoners.

1948 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Farrell Dobbs, lost

1950 Socialist Workers Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives MN, lost

1952 Left the SWP citing conflict with her Catholic beliefs



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:37:03 pm
1952

Dwight D Eisenhower 1952 home state NY, 1956 home state PA Republican

=====
Father of John Eisenhower, During Eisenhower's Presidency, served as Assistant Staff Secretary in the White House, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster, in the administration of President Richard Nixon he served as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium 1969-1971, President Nixon appointed him Chairman of the Interagency Classification Review Committee 1972, President Ford appointed him Chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees 1975

Grandfather of David Eisenhower, who is the husband of Richard Nixon's daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower.  They have three children, Jennie Elizabeth Eisenhower, Alexander "Alex" Richard Eisenhower, and Melanie Catherine Eisenhower.  They also have three grandchildren, Kaia Marie Eisenhower, Chloe Cheslock, and Kaeden Brian Eisenhower.  These children and grandchildren are the only individuals to have had both a paternal ancestor and a maternal ancestor who held the office of President of the United States.

A distant relative of James J "Jim" Eisenhower

A member of the Democratic Party

Government Career

James served as former Pennsylvania Governor Ed Rendell's chief criminal justice advisor during Rendell's 2002 gubernatorial election. After Rendell's election, Eisenhower served on the Governor's Cabinet for Children and Families within the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare.

In 2005, Rendell named him Chairman of the Pennsylvania Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority, the inter-governmental body that regulates finances for the city of Philadelphia. During the governorship of Rendell, James also chaired the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD), the commonwealth's lead agency for criminal justice, children delinquency prevention and the protection of victims of crime.

Political Career

James was the Democratic nominee for the 2000 Pennsylvania Attorney General election and the 2004 Pennsylvania Attorney General election. He narrowly lost the 2004 general election to future Pennsylvania Governor Tom Corbett.

In 2003, he was named to the "Power 75" list of politically influential people in Pennsylvania by the Pennsylvania Report.

From 2007 through 2011 he served as the chair of the Pennsylvania Intergovernmental Cooperation Authority (PICA), the state authority that oversees the finances of the city of Philadelphia.

In 2008, James was surrogate speaker and primary Election Day counsel for Hillary Clinton. Later that year, he served as general election federal court counsel for Barack Obama.

In May 2011, he was named to the Board of Directors for Congreso, a Philadelphia-based and nationally recognized multi-service organization. Congreso's goal is to alleviate poverty and promote economic self-sufficiency to ensure that our most vulnerable populations have the educational credentials and workforce skills to compete in a global economy.

In 2014, James served on the finance committee for Pennsylvania Governor Candidate Tom Wolf, who was elected and took office in 2015. He also is chair of "Friends of Ken Trujillo," a committee formed in preparation for the 2015 Philadelphia mayoral election.

Public Service

James served on the White House staff at the National Security Council during the Presidency of Bill Clinton. He authored PDD 42, the Presidential decision directive on international crime and the executive order that seized the assets of the Columbian Cali drug cartel.

Representative Experience

Represented the Chief of Staff to the Democratic Leader of the House in the Pennsylvania "Bonusgate matter".
Represented several members of Congress in campaign finance and federal investigations.
Represented the former Chief of Staff to Governor Ed Rendell in a federal investigation.
Represented the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board in the forfeiture of the Foxwoods Gaming License, resulting in a 50 million dollar forfeiture to the Commonwealth, the largest gaming related forfeiture in the history of Pennsylvania.
Handled matters related to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and involving wiretaps authorized by Title III of the federal criminal code.
=====  

1915 Graduated from United States Military Academy West Point, NY

1917-1918 World War I rose to rank of temporary (Bvt.) Lieutenant Colonel in the National Army

After the war, reverted to his regular rank of Captain and a few days later was promoted to Major, a rank he held for 16 years

From 1920, Served with an unprecedented succession of generals – Fox Conner, John J. Pershing, Douglas MacArthur, George Marshall

1920-1924 Executive officer to General Conner in Panama Canal Zone

1925-1926 On Conner's recommendation, attended Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas  

1927 Served as a battalion commander at Fort Benning, Georgia

Assigned to American Battle Monuments Commission directed by General Pershing

Assigned to Army War College, graduated 1928

1929-1933 After a one year assignment in France, served as executive officer to General George V. Mosely, Assistant Secretary of War

Posted as chief military aide to General Douglas MacArthur, Army Chief of Staff

1935 Accompanied MacArthur to the Philippines where he served as assistant military adviser to the Philippine government in developing their army

1936 Promoted to rank of permanent Lieutenant Colonel

1939 Returned to U.S., held a series of staff positions in Washington, D.C., California, and Texas

1941 Appointed Chief of Staff to General Walter Krueger, Commander of 3rd Army, at Fort Sam Houston San Antonio, Texas

1941 Promoted to rank of Brigadier General

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7 1941, assigned to General Staff in Washington, DC where he served until June 1942 with responsibility for creating the major war plans to defeat Japan and Germany

Appointed Deputy Chief in charge of Pacific Defenses under the Chief of War Plans Division (WPD), General Leonard T. Gerow, and succeeded Gerow as Chief of War Plans Division

Appointed Assistant Chief of Staff in charge of the new Operations Division which replaced WPD under Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall, who spotted talent and promoted accordingly

End of May 1942, Accompanied Lieutenant General Henry H. Arnold, Commanding General of Army Air Forces, to London to assess the effectiveness of the theater commander in England, Major General James E. Chaney. Returned to Washington June 3 with a pessimistic assessment, about Chaney and his staff. On June 23, 1942, returned to London as Commanding General, European Theater of Operations (ETOUSA), based in London, and replaced Chaney.

November 1942 Was also appointed Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force of the North African Theater of Operations (NATOUSA) through the new operational Headquarters A(E)FHQ. The word "expeditionary" was dropped soon after his appointment for security reasons.

Dec 1943 President Roosevelt decided that Eisenhower, not Marshall, would be Supreme Allied Commander in Europe. The following month, resumed command of ETOUSA and the following month was officially designated as the Supreme Allied Commander of Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF), serving in a dual role until end of hostilities in Europe in May 1945.
 
Dec 24 1943-May 8 1945 Supreme Allied Commander in Europe

May 8 1945-Nov 10 1945 Following the German unconditional surrender, Military Governor of the American Zone of Occupied Germany, based in Frankfurt am Main. Had no responsibility for the other three zones, controlled by Britain, France and the Soviet Union.

Nov 19 1945-Feb 6 1948 Chief of Staff of U.S. Army, replacing General George Marshall

As the 1948 election approached, was repeatedly urged by prominent citizens from both parties nationwide to run for President. President Truman even approached him, offering to serve as his Vice President if he would agree to run as President on the Democratic ticket. Eisenhower maintained no political party affiliation during this time, though he was clear in not aligning with the Democrats. He firmly declined all the offers and many believed he was foregoing his only opportunity to be President. Thomas E. Dewey was considered the other probable winner, would presumably serve two terms, and Eisenhower, at age 66 in 1956, would then be too old.

1948-1953 President Columbia University, New York City, NY

Eisenhower's stint as the president of Columbia University was punctuated by his activity within the Council on Foreign Relations, a study group he led as President concerning the political and military implications of the Marshall Plan, and The American Assembly. Through his involvement in the Council on Foreign Relations, he also gained exposure to economic analysis, which would become the bedrock of his understanding in economic policy.

Within months of beginning his tenure as President of Columbia University, was requested to advise U.S. Secretary of Defense James Forrestal on the unification of the armed services. About six months after his appointment, became the informal Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Washington.

Apr 2 1951–May 30 1952 Supreme Commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and was given operational command of NATO forces in Europe

May 31 1952, Retired from active service as an Army General and resumed his Presidency of Columbia University. He held this position until January 20, 1953, when he became the President of the United States.

President Truman, symbolizing a broad-based desire for an Eisenhower candidacy for President, again in 1951 pressed him to run for the office as a Democrat. It was at this time that Eisenhower voiced his disdain for the Democratic party and declared himself and his family to be Republicans. A "Draft Eisenhower" movement in the Republican Party persuaded him to declare his candidacy in the 1952 Presidential election to counter the candidacy of non-interventionist Senator Robert Taft. The effort was a long struggle. Eisenhower had to be convinced that political circumstances had created a genuine duty for him to offer himself as a candidate, and that there was a mandate from the populace for him to be their President. Henry Cabot Lodge, who served as his campaign manager, and others succeeded in convincing him, and in June 1952 he resigned his command at NATO to campaign full-time. Eisenhower defeated Taft for the nomination, having won critical delegate votes from Texas.

1952 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1956 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., reelected

Jan 20 1953-Jan 20 1961 34th President U.S.  

In the 1960 election to choose his successor, President Eisenhower endorsed his own Vice President, Republican candidate for President Richard Nixon, against Democratic candidate for President, Senator John F. Kennedy. Eisenhower actively campaigned for Nixon in the final days of the campaign.

1964 Spoke at Republican National Convention and appeared with Barry Goldwater in a Republican campaign commercial from Gettysburg. However, his endorsement came somewhat reluctantly because Goldwater had attacked the former President as "a dime-store New Dealer".

First Lady of the United States Mamie Eisenhower 1953-1961

Completed her education at Miss Wolcott's finishing school 1915.

Richard Nixon CA Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1968
 


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:38:20 pm
1952 Continued

Adlai E Stevenson II IL Democratic

=====
A maternal great-grandson of Jesse W. Fell, who had been a close friend and campaign manager for Abraham Lincoln in his unsuccessful 1858 U.S. Senate IL race

Grandson of Adlai Stevenson I, U.S. House of Representatives, Illinois, 1875-1877, 1879-1881, Assistant Postmaster U.S. 1885-1889, Vice President U.S. under President Grover Cleveland 1893-1897, unsuccessful Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan 1900

Son of Lewis G. Stevenson,  appointed Secretary of State of Illinois, serving 1914–1917, and was considered a strong contender for the Democratic Vice Presidential nomination in 1928

Father of Adlai E. Stevenson III, Clerk for a Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court 1957-1958, Illinois State House of Representatives 1965-1967, Illinois State Treasurer 1967–1970, U.S. Senator from Illinois 1970–1981, was encouraged to run for President U.S. in 1976 by Mayor Richard J. Daley of Chicago, declined, was one of the finalists for the Democratic Party Vice Presidential nomination U.S. in 1976 at the Democratic National Convention, Vice Presidential nomination went to U.S. Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota, Stevenson was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor IL 1982 and was the unsuccessful candidate for Governor IL of the Solidarity Party, backed by the  regular Democratic organization in 1986  
=====

1918 Enlisted in the Navy and served at the rank of Seaman Apprentice, but his training was completed too late for him to participate in World War I

1922 Graduated Princeton University with a B.A. degree in literature and history

Went to Harvard Law School, but found the law to be "uninteresting", and withdrew after failing several classes

A year after leaving Harvard, became interested in the law again after talking to Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr

1926 Received Bachelor of Laws degree from Northwestern University School of Law and passed the Illinois State Bar examination that year

1933 Special Attorney and assistant to Jerome Frank, the general counsel of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) a part of President Franklin D Roosevelt’s New Deal

1934 Following the repeal of Prohibition changed jobs, becoming Chief Attorney for the Federal Alcohol Control Administration (FACA), a subsidiary of the AAA which regulated the activities of the alcohol industry

1935 Returned to Chicago to practice law, became involved in civic activities, particularly as chairman of the Chicago branch of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, known often as the White Committee, after its founder, William Allen White

1940-1944 Principal Attorney and Special Assistant to Frank Knox, U.S. Secretary of the Navy

Early 1944 Joined a mission to Sicily and Italy for the Foreign Economic Administration to report on the country's economy

1945 Took a temporary position in the State Department as Special Assistant to the Secretary of State, Edward Stettinius Jr, to work with Assistant Secretary of State Archibald MacLeish on a proposed world organization

1945 Went to London as Deputy United States Delegate to the Preparatory Commission of the United Nations Organization, a position he held until February 1946. When the head of the delegation fell ill, Stevenson assumed his role. His work at the Commission, and in particular his dealings with the representatives of the Soviet Union, resulted in appointments to the US delegations to the UN in 1946 and 1947.

Jan 10 1949-Jan 12 1953 Governor IL

1952 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

Following his 1952 defeat, Stevenson in 1953 made a well-publicized world tour through Asia, the Middle East and Europe, writing about his travels for Look magazine. His political stature as head of the Democratic Party gave him access to many foreign leaders and dignitaries. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1953. In the 1954 off-year elections Stevenson took a leading role in campaigning for Democratic congressional and gubernatorial candidates around the nation. When the Democrats won control of both houses of Congress and picked up nine gubernatorial seats it put Democrats around the country in Stevenson's debt and greatly strengthened his position as his party's leader.

1956 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

Early in 1957, Stevenson resumed law practice, allying himself with Judge Simon H. Rifkind to create a law firm based in Washington, D.C., Stevenson, Paul, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, and a second firm in Chicago, Stevenson, Rifkind & Wirtz. Both law firms were related to New York City's Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. Stevenson's associates in the new law firm included Willard Wirtz, William McCormick Blair Jr., and Newton N. Minow. Each of these men would later serve in the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. He also accepted an appointment, along with other prominent Democrats, to the new Democratic Advisory Council, which "pursued an aggressive line in attacking the Republican Eisenhower administration and in developing new Democratic policies." He was also employed part-time by the Encyclopædia Britannica as a legal consultant.

Prior to the 1960 Democratic National Convention, Stevenson announced that he was not seeking the Democratic nomination for President, but would accept a draft. Because he still hoped to win the nomination, Stevenson refused to give the nominating address for relative newcomer John F. Kennedy, which strained relations between the two men. Once Kennedy won the nomination, Stevenson, always an enormously popular public speaker, campaigned actively for him. Due to his two Presidential nominations and previous United Nations experience, Stevenson perceived himself an elder statesman and the natural choice for U.S. Secretary of State, an opinion shared by few in the Kennedy camp. Instead, the prestigious post went to the then little known Dean Rusk, and Stevenson was appointed to the lesser post of United States Ambassador to the United Nations.

President Kennedy offered Stevenson the choice of becoming U.S. Ambassador to Britain, U.S. Attorney General, a post that eventually went to Robert Kennedy, brother of President John F Kennedy, or U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. Stevenson accepted the latter position.

Jan 23 1961-Jul 14 1965 U.S. Ambassador to United Nations, with cabinet rank and the title of Ambassador, under Presidents John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson. Stevenson died in office.

1964 Supported Lyndon B Johnson for President

John Sparkman AL Democratic

During World War I was a member of the Students Army Training Corps

1917 Enrolled in University of Alabama at Tuscaloosa

1921 University of Alabama Bachelor of Arts degree

1921 Became a founding member of the Gamma Alpha Chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha

1921  Chosen as the university's "most outstanding senior"  

1923 University of Alabama School of Law Bachelor of Laws degree

1924 University of Alabama Master of Arts degree in history

Worked on the The Crimson White, the university's newspaper, becoming the paper's editor-in-chief

At university, served as his class's student body president

Awarded a teaching fellowship in history and political science

1925 Admitted to Alabama State Bar

1930-1931 U.S. Commissioner (Magistrate Judge) for Alabama's northern judicial district

Jan 3 1937-Nov 6 1946 U.S. House of Representatives AL

Jan 1 1946-Nov 6 1946 Majority Whip U.S. House of Representatives

Nov 6 1946-Jan 3 1979 U.S. Senate AL

1952 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Adlai Stevenson, lost

1972 In his last Senate race Sparkman easily defeated President Nixon's former Postmaster General, the Republican businessman Winton M Blount, who was running without a specific endorsement from President Nixon

Oct 30 1977 Sparkman became the longest serving U.S. Senator in Alabama state history



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:38:42 pm
1952 Continued

Vincent Hallinan CA Progressive Party


Served in U.S. Navy during World War I

Lawyer, innovator in courtroom tactics

Defense attorney for longshoreman union leader Harry Bridges, who had been accused of being a Communist.

1952 Jailed six months for contempt of court

1952 Progressive Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

Indicted in 1953 on income tax evasion charges; convicted and sentenced to 18 months in prison  

In his autobiography he argued for prison reform and in favor of treating drug addiction as a medical condition and providing clean maintenance drugs to addicts, and legalizing prostitution; and against laws forbidding private consensual sex, contraception and abortion, and against imperialism and American foreign policy

Charlotta Bass CA Republican, Progressive Party

Educator, newspaper publisher-editor, civil rights activist

Was probably the first African-American woman to own and operate a newspaper in the United States; she published the California Eagle from 1912 until 1951

1920s Became co-president of the Los Angeles chapter of the Universal Negro Improvement Association

Formed the Home Protective Association to defeat housing covenants in all-white neighborhoods

Helped found the Industrial Business Council, which fought discrimination in employment practices and encouraged black people to go into business

As editor and publisher of the California Eagle, the oldest black newspaper on the West Coast, fought against restrictive covenants in housing and segregated schools in Los Angeles

Campaigned to end job discrimination at the Los Angeles General Hospital, the Los Angeles Rapid Transit Company, the Southern Telephone Company, and the Boulder Dam Project

1930s

During the Great Depression continued to encourage black businesses with the campaign known as "Don't Buy Where You Can't Work"

As a leader of both the NAACP and the UNIA, spanned the divide between integrationist and separatist black politics

The director of the Youth Movement of the NAACP

1940 Republican Party chose Bass as western regional director for Wendell Willkie's presidential campaign

1943 Became the first African-American grand jury member for the Los Angeles County Court

1943 Led a group of black leaders to the office of the Mayor of Los Angeles, Fletcher Bowron. They demanded an expansion of the Mayor's Committee on American Unity, more public mass meetings to promote interracial unity, and an end to the discriminatory hiring practices of the privately owned Los Angeles Railway Company. The Mayor listened, but agreed to do no more than to expand his committee.

1943 Served on the Sleepy Lagoon Defense Committee, a multiracial group that fought for the release of several Chicanos convicted of murder by an all-white jury

Later in 1940s Left the Republican Party and joined the Progressive Party because she believed neither of the major parties was committed to civil rights

1952 Served as National Chairman of the Sojourners for Truth and Justice, an organization of black women set up to protest racial violence in the South

1952 Progressive Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Vincent Hallinan, lost
 
Became the first African American woman to run for Vice President of the United States



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 18, 2014, 04:39:11 pm
1952 Continued

Stuart Hamblen TX Democratic, Prohibition Party

Musician, Christian songwriter, temperance supporter and recurring candidate for political office

1938 Democratic candidate for U.S. House of Representatives CA, lost

1952 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

Enoch A Holtwick IL Prohibition Party

Was a life-long Prohibitionist, a leader in the campaign which had elected Congressman Charles Randall in California

Educator with a long record of actively supporting the temperance movement

His doctoral dissertation had been on the role of third parties in American politics  

Head of the Department of Government and History at Greenville College, Greenville, Illinois

1936 Prohibition Party candidate for Illinois State Treasurer, lost

Was Prohibition Party candidate for Governor IL, lost  

1938, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1948, 1950 Prohibition  Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, lost

1952 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Stuart Hamblen, lost

1956 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

After his political candidacies, moved to California and became president of Los Angeles Pacific Junior College

Long after retirement continued to give an annual lecture to the student body with a survey of current world events and issues

Eric Hass NY Socialist Labor Party

A prolific author on topics dealing with socialism and one of the SLP's more influential members

1942 Socialist Labor Party candidate for NY State Attorney General, lost

1944 Socialist Labor Party candidate for U.S. Senate NY, lost

1950 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor NY, lost

1952 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1956 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

1958 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor NY, lost

1960 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

1962 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor NY, lost

1964 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

Stephen Emery NY Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1948

Darlington Hoopes PA Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1944

Samuel H Friedman NY Socialist Party of America


Journalist and  longtime labor union activist

An early member of and longtime visitor to the Three Arrows Cooperative Society, a cooperative summer colony located in Putnam Valley, NY, imbued with socialist and communitarian values that offers a wide range of cultural, educational and leisure activities

1952 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Darlington Hoopes, lost

1956 Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. with Darlington Hoopes, lost

Frequently ran in New York for State Senator, Lieutenant Governor, New York City Controller and City Council President, lost each time

The Constitution Party was a conservative third party in the United States, founded in 1952

For the 1952 Presidential election, the Constitution Party nominated General Douglas MacArthur for President and Senator Harry F. Byrd for Vice-President, without permission from either candidate

Douglas MacArthur AR Republican, Constitution Party, Republican


1903 Graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY

Second Lieutenant U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

1919-1922 Superintendent of the United States Military Academy

1925 Became U.S. Army's youngest Major General

1930-1935 Chief of Staff of the United States Army with rank of General

1935 Field Marshall of the Philippine Army

Received rank of Field Marshall to supervise creation of a Philippine army

Military advisor to the Commonwealth government of the Philippines

1941 Commander of U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) with rank of Major General

1942 Supreme Commander Allied Forces in Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA)

1945-1951 Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP), Japan

The U.S. was firmly in control of Japan to oversee its reconstruction, and MacArthur was effectively the interim leader of Japan from 1945 until 1948. In 1946, MacArthur's staff drafted a new constitution that renounced war and stripped the Emperor of his military authority.

Led the United Nations Command in the Korean War until he was removed from command by President Harry S. Truman on 11 April 1951

Later became Chairman of the Board of Remington Rand

1948 Republican National Convention, MacArthur was especially popular among conservatives. Since he was serving in Japan as the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers occupying that nation, he was unable to campaign for the nomination. However, he did make it known that he would not decline the GOP nomination if it were offered to him, and some conservative Republicans hoped that by winning a primary contest he could prove his popularity with voters. They chose to enter his name in the Wisconsin primary.  MacArthur was entered into a total of five primaries, Wisconsin, Illinois, Nebraska, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, winning none of them.

Harry F Byrd VA Democratic, Constitution Party, Democratic

1908-1918 President of The Valley Turnpike Company, overseeing the Valley Turnpike, a 93-mile toll road between Winchester and Staunton

1916-1926 VA State Senate

1918 State Fuel Commissioner

1922 Elected chairman Democratic State committee

Feb 1 1926-Jan 15 1930 Governor VA

1928-1940 Democratic National committeeman
 
1928 U.S. Presidential campaign supported Al Smith, the Democratic Governor of New York, for President

1932 Was an early favorite for the Democratic Presidential nomination but opted to endorse Franklin D. Roosevelt at the right moment and became an official in Roosevelt's successful campaign

Mar 4 1933 Appointed to fill a vacancy in the U.S. Senate VA, subsequently elected on Nov 7, 1933, and reelected in 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, and 1964, resigning from U.S. Senate Nov 10 1965

Mar 4 1933-Nov 10 1965 U.S. Senate VA

By the 1950s Was one of the most influential Senators, often broke with the Democratic Party line, going so far as to refuse to endorse Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Truman, in 1948, and also refused to endorse Adlai Stevenson in 1952

Although Byrd was never a candidate in a Presidential election, he nevertheless received popular votes in the 1956 election. In the 1960 election, he received 15 electoral votes from unpledged electors, all 8 from Mississippi, 6 of Alabama's 11, the rest going to John F. Kennedy, and 1 from Oklahoma, the rest going to Richard Nixon. These electoral votes gave Byrd a third place finish in the election, finishing behind John F Kennedy and Richard Nixon.

Farrell Dobbs MN Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S. See 1948

Myra Tanner Weiss CA Socialist Workers Party

1935 Recruited to the American Trotskyist movement

Lived and worked for the Socialist Workers Party in Los Angeles

1945 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Mayor Los Angeles, lost

1949 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Mayor Los Angeles, lost

1952 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Farrell Dobbs, lost

1956 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Farrell Dobbs, lost

1960 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Farrell Dobbs, lost

Later in life became a political supporter of the Freedom Socialist Party




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Endy on December 25, 2014, 10:07:11 pm
You okay Winfield?


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on December 27, 2014, 08:38:37 am
1956

Dwight D Eisenhower PA Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1952

Richard Nixon CA Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1968

Adlai  E Stevenson II IL Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1952


Estes Kefauver TN Democrtic

1922-1924 Attended University of Tennessee receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree

1927 Graduated from Yale Law School with an LL.B. cum laude

For the next dozen years practiced law in Chattanooga

1938 Sought election to TN State Senate, lost

1939 Spent two months as State Finance and Taxation Commissioner under newly elected Governor Democrat Prentice Cooper

When Democratic Congressman Sam D. McReynolds of Tennessee's 3rd district, which included Chattanooga, died in 1939, Kefauver was elected to succeed him in the U.S. House of Representatives TN

Sep 13 1939-Jan 3 1949 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Jan 3 1949-Aug 10 1963 U.S. Senate TN, died in office

1952 Candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to Adlai Stevenson

1956 Candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to Adlai Stevenson

1956 Stevenson decided to let the delegates themselves pick his Vice Presidential nominee, instead of having the choice dictated to them. Although Stevenson preferred Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts as his running mate, he did not attempt to influence the balloting for him in any way, and Kefauver eventually received the nomination.

1956 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Adlai Stevenson, lost

After 1956 defeat was considered the front runner for the 1960 Democratic Presidential nomination

1959 Let it be known he was not going to campaign a third time for the Democratic Presidential nomination

Continued to represent Tennessee in the U.S. Senate. The abandonment of Presidential ambitions led to his most productive years as a Senator. While he largely faded from the public eye, he earned the respect of congressional colleagues from both parties for his independence and his sponsorship of a number of important foreign and domestic legislative measures.

Nov 1963 President Kennedy named Nancy Kefauver, widow of Estes Kefauver, to be the first head of the new Art in Embassies Program, Kennedy's last Presidential appointment

Unpledged Electors

Unpledged Electors placed third in the popular vote behind the Republican and Democratic tickets

In United States Presidential elections, an Unpledged Elector is a person nominated to stand as an elector but who has not pledged to support any particular Presidential or Vice Presidential candidate, and is free to vote for any candidate when elected a member of the Electoral College

However, Unpledged Electors failed to win any electoral votes

T Coleman Andrews VA States Rights

Certified Public Accountant
  
1931-1933 Auditor of Public Accounts VA

1938 Controller and Director of Finance in Richmond VA

Served in the office of the Under-Secretary of War as a Fiscal Director

1943 Joined the United States Marine Corps working as an accountant in North Africa and in the Fourth Marine Aircraft Wing

1953-1955 Commissioner of Internal Revenue. Left the position in 1955 stating his opposition to the income tax.

1956 States Rights Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Dwight D Eisenhower

Thomas E Werdel CA Republican, States Rights

Lawyer

1943, 1945 CA State Assembly legislative sessions

Jan 3 1949-Jan 3 1953 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1952 Hoped to lead a pro-Taft, anti-Warren delegation to the Republican National Convention, but Governor Earl Warren, a favorite son candidate, once again controlled California's votes

1952 Lost bid for reelection to U.S.House of Representatives CA

1956 States Rights Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with T Coleman Andrews, lost

Eric Hass NY Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1952

Georgia Cozzini WI Socialist Labor Party

An active member of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP)

1942 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor WI, lost.  The first woman to run for Governor of Wisconsin.
 
1946 Socialist Labor Party candidate  U.S. Senate WI, lost

1956 Socialist Labor Party candidate  Vice President U.S. with Eric Hass, lost

1958 Socialist Labor Party candidate  U.S. Senate WI, lost

1960 Socialist Labor Party candidate  Vice President U.S. with Eric Hass, lost

1970 Socialist Labor Party candidate  Governor WI, lost

1974 Socialist Labor Party candidate  Governor WI, lost

Enoch A Holtwick IL Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1952

Edwin M Cooper CA Prohibition Party  

Lawyer, YMCA official

1956 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Enoch A Holtwick, lost

Walter Burgwyn Jones AL Democratic

1919-1920 AL State House of Representatives

1920-1935 Circuit Court Judge

1935-1963 A Presiding Judge

In the 1956 Presidential election, faithless elector W. F. Turner cast his vote fo Walter Burgwyn Jones, who was a Circuit Court Judge in Turner's home town, for President U.S. and Herman E. Talmadge for Vice President U.S., instead of voting for Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver.

Herman E Talmadge GA Democratic

=====
Son of Eugene Talmadge, Governor of Georgia 1933-1937, 1941-1943
=====

1936 Earned degree from the University of Georgia School of Law

1941-1945 Lieutenant Commander United States Navy

Jan 14 1947-Mar 18 1947 Governor GA

Nov 17 1948-Jan 11 1955 Governor GA

Jan 3 1957-Jan 3 1981 U.S. Senate GA

May 17 1973-Jun 27 1974  Member Select Committee On Presidential Campaign Activities (U.S. Senate Watergate Committee)

1980 Defeated in bid for reelection to U.S. Senate GA  

In the 1956 Presidential election, faithless elector W. F. Turner cast his vote for Walter Burgwyn Jones, who was a Circuit Court Judge in Turner's home town, for President U.S. and Herman E. Talmadge for Vice President U.S., instead of voting for Adlai Stevenson and Estes Kefauver.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Zioneer on February 14, 2015, 10:22:06 am
Great work Winfield, but you did forget Joseph Smith Jr as a presidential candidate for 1844. He was kind of murdered in the middle of it, but he was still a presidential candidate. And Mayor of Nauvoo. And General of the Nauvoo Legion.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 14, 2015, 01:25:12 pm
1960

John F Kennedy MA Democratic

=====
Grandson of John F Fitzgerald, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1895-1901, 1919, Mayor of Boston, MA 1906-1908, 1910-1914.  Was an unsuccessful candidate for U.S. Senate MA in 1916.  His opponent was Henry Cabot Lodge Sr., grandfather of Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., the Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. in 1960.

Son of Joseph P Kennedy Sr, Chairman Securities and Exchange Commission 1934–1935, Chairman Maritime Commission 1936–1938, U.S. Ambassador to UK 1938-1940

Brother of Joseph P Kennedy Jr. Joseph  P Kennedy Sr had aspirations for Joe Jr to become President U.S., however,  Joseph P. Kennedy Jr died in 1944, in World War II, when his bomber exploded during a volunteer mission, and the high expectations of the father then fell upon Joe Jr's younger brother John, who was later elected President U.S.
 
Brother of Robert Kennedy, U.S. Attorney General 1961-1964, U.S. Senate NY 1965-1968, candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S. 1968, assassinated 1968 before Democratic National Convention

Brother of Jean Kennedy Smith, U.S. Ambassador to Ireland 1993-1998

Brother of Edward Kennedy, Assistant District Attorney for Suffolk County, MA 1961-1962, U.S. Senate MA 1962-2009, U.S. Senate Majority Whip 1969-1971, candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S. 1980, lost to President Jimmy Carter

Brother in law of  Sargent Shriver, Director Peace Corps 1961-1966, Director Office of Economic Opportunity 1964-1968, U.S. Ambassador to France 1968-1970, Democratic Party nominee for Vice President U.S. 1972, lost. Married to John F Kennedy's sister Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

Father of Caroline Kennedy, Worked as Director of the Office of Strategic Partnerships for the New York City Department of Education 2002-2004. In 2008, after President Obama selected U.S. Senator from New York, Hillary Clinton, to serve as U.S. Secretary of State, Caroline Kennedy expressed interest in being appointed to Clinton's vacant Senate seat, but she later withdrew from consideration, citing "personal reasons." U.S. Ambassador to Japan 2013-2017.

Father of John F Kennedy Jr, Worked for New York City Office of Business Development 1984-1986. Served as Deputy Director of the 42nd Street Development Corporation in 1986. From 1989 headed Reaching Up, a nonprofit group which provided educational and  other opportunities for workers who helped people with disabilities. Prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney's office 1989-1993.

Uncle of Kathleen Kennedy Townsend, Lieutenant Governor MD 1995–2003, Democratic Party candidate for Governor MD 2002, lost

Uncle of Joseph P Kennedy II, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1987–1999

Uncle of Bobby Shriver, Member Santa Monica CA City Council 2004-2012, serving as Mayor pro tempore in 2006 and Mayor during part of 2010
  
Uncle of Maria Shriver, whose husband, Arnold Schwarzenegger, was Republican Governor CA 2003-2011

Uncle of Patrick J Kennedy II, RI State House of Representatives 1989–1993, U.S. House of Representatives RI 1995-2011

Uncle of Christopher G Kennedy, Chair of University of Illinois Board of Trustees 2009-2015, unsuccessful candidate for Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate IL 2018

Great Uncle of Joseph P Kennedy III, U.S. House of Representatives MA, assumed office 2013
=====

Sep 1935 Made his first trip abroad, with his parents to London, with the intent of studying at the London School of Economics (LSE).  Ill-health forced his return to America in Oct 1935

1935 Enrolled late and briefly attended Princeton University, but had to leave due to illness

Sep 1936 Enrolled at Harvard College

1938 Worked with his father and brother Joe at American embassy in London while his father was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom

1939 Toured Europe, the Soviet Union, the Balkans, and the Middle East in preparation for his Harvard senior honors thesis

Went to Czechoslovakia and Germany before returning to London  Sep 1, 1939, the day Germany invaded Poland

Sep 3, 1939, the family was in the House of Commons for speeches endorsing the United Kingdom's declaration of war on Germany

Was sent as his father's representative to help with arrangements for American survivors of the SS Athenia, before flying back to the U.S. from Foynes, Ireland, to Port Washington, New York on his first transatlantic flight

1940 Graduated from Harvard College with a Bachelor of Science cum laude in international affairs

1940 Enrolled in and audited classes at the Stanford Graduate School of Business

1940 Attempted to enter the army's Officer Candidate School, but was medically disqualified due to his chronic lower back problems. Exercised for months to strengthen his back.

Sep 24 1941 With the help of the Director of the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), who was the former naval attaché to Joseph Kennedy Sr, Kennedy joined the United States Naval Reserve. Was commissioned an Ensign Oct 26, 1941, and joined the staff of the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, D.C.

Early 1941, Left Office of Naval Intelligence and helped his father write a memoir of his three years as an American Ambassador

Traveled throughout South America, his itinerary included Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

1941 World War II served in office of Secretary of the Navy

1941-1945 World War II Rose to rank of Lieutenant U.S. Navy.  Commanded a series of patrol torpedo (PT) boats.

1946 Democratic U.S. Representative James Michael Curley vacated his seat in the strongly Democratic 11th Congressional district in Massachusetts to run for Mayor of Boston, at Joe Kennedy Sr's urging, in order for John F Kennedy to have a vacant Congressional seat in which to run. Curley elected Mayor of Boston. John F Kennedy elected to U.S. House of Representatives.

Jan 3 1947-Jan 3 1953 U.S. House of Representatives MA

1952 Democratic Party candidate for U.S. Senate MA, elected, reelected 1958

In the 1952 Massachusetts US Senate election, Kennedy defeated incumbent Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr for the U.S. Senate seat.  Lodge would go on to become the Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. on the ticket with Vice President Richard Nixon in the 1960  election, losing to the Democratic ticket of Senator John F Kennedy and Senator Lyndon B Johnson.    

Jan 3 1953-Dec 22 1960 U.S. Senate MA

1956 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for Vice President U.S. Presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson let the convention select the Vice Presidential candidate. Kennedy finished second in the balloting, losing to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee but receiving national exposure as a result.

Jan 2 1960 Kennedy initiated his campaign for President in the Democratic primary election, where he faced challenges from Senator Hubert Humphrey of Minnesota and Senator Wayne Morse of Oregon

With Humphrey and Morse eliminated, Kennedy's main opponent at the Democratic National Convention was Senator Lyndon B Johnson of Texas, the Senate Majority Leader. Kennedy overcame this formal challenge as well as informal ones from former Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson, the Democratic nominee in 1952 and 1956, Missouri Senator Stuart Symington, and several favorite sons, and on Jul 13 1960, the Democratic convention nominated Kennedy as its candidate. Kennedy asked Johnson to be the Vice Presidential candidate, despite opposition from many liberal delegates and Kennedy's own staff, including his brother Robert.

Kennedy needed Johnson's strength in the South to win what was considered likely to be the closest election since 1916

1960 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

In September and October, 1960, Kennedy appeared with Republican Presidential nominee Vice President Richard Nixon, in the first televised U.S. Presidential debates in U.S. history. The debates are now considered a milestone in American political history, the point at which the medium of television began to play a dominant role in politics.

Dec 22 1960 Resigned from U.S. Senate MA after election as President U.S.

Jan 20 1961–Nov 22 1963 35th President U.S., assassinated

Shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, a former U.S. Marine and a Marxist, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas TX, Nov 22 1963

The first Roman Catholic to be elected President U.S.

The first President U.S. to be born in the twentieth century

First Lady of the United States Jacqueline Kennedy 1961-1963

Beginning in 1947, spent first two years of college at Vassar College in Poughkeepsie, New York, and then spent junior year, 1949–1950 in France, at the University of Grenoble in Grenoble, and at the Sorbonne in Paris, in a study-abroad program through Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts. Upon returning home to U.S., transferred to The George Washington University in Washington, D.C., graduated 1951 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French literature.

Later took continuing education classes in American History at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C.

Married to Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis 1968 until his death in 1975.

Lyndon B Johnson TX Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1964


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:38:45 pm
1960 Continued

Richard Nixon CA Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1968

Henry Cabot Lodge Jr MA Republican

=====
Great-great-great grandson of George Cabot, U.S. Senate MA 1791-1796

Great-great grandson of Elijah H Mills, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1815-1819, U.S. Senate MA 1820-1827

Great-great grandson of John Davis, U.S. House of Representatives MA 1825-1834, Governor MA 1834-1835, 1841-1843, U.S. Senate MA 1835-1841, 1845-1853
 
Grandson of Henry Cabot Lodge Sr. U.S. House of Representatives MA 1887-1893, U.S. Senate MA 1893-1924

Brother of John Davis Lodge U.S. House of Representatives CT 1947-1951, Governor CT 1951-1955, U.S. Ambassador to Spain 1955-1961, U.S. Ambassador to Argentina 1969-1973, U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland 1983-1985

Father of George Cabot Lodge II, 1954 became Director of Information at the U.S. Department of Labor, 1958 appointed Assistant Secretary of Labor for International Affairs by Dwight D. Eisenhower, and reappointed by John F. Kennedy 1961, was U.S. Delegate to the International Labor Organization and was elected chairman of the organization's Governing Body in 1960.

Unsuccessful 1962 U.S. Senate candidate from Massachusetts against Ted Kennedy, marking the third time in history that the Lodges faced the Kennedys in a Massachusetts election. Previously, Lodge's father was the incumbent 1952 U.S. Senate candidate from Massachusetts against John F. Kennedy. Additionally, Lodge's patrilineal great-grandfather Henry Cabot Lodge was reelected for the same Senate seat as the incumbent 1916 U.S. Senate candidate against the Kennedy brothers' maternal grandfather, John F. Fitzgerald.
=====

1924 Graduated cum laude from Harvard University

1932-1936 MA State House of Representatives

Jan 3 1937-Feb 3 1944 U.S. Senate MA

Elected to U.S. Senate MA in 1936, reelected in 1942, and served from Jan 3 1937 until his resignation on Feb 3 1944, in order to go on active duty during the Second World War in the United States Army, the first United States Senator since the Civil War to leave the Senate in order to go to war

1942, 1944-1945 World War II.  Rose to rank of Lieutenant Colonel U.S. Army.

Jan 3 1947-Jan 3 1953 U.S. Senate MA

Soon emerged as a spokesman for the moderate, internationalist wing of the Republican Party. In late 1951, Lodge helped persuade General Dwight D. Eisenhower to run for the Republican Presidential nomination. When Eisenhower finally consented, Lodge served as his campaign manager and played a key role in helping Eisenhower to win the nomination over Senator Robert Taft of Ohio, the candidate of the party's conservative faction.

1952 Defeated in bid for reelection to U.S. Senate MA by Democratic candidate John F Kennedy. Lodge would go on to become the Republican candidate for Vice President on the ticket with Vice President Richard Nixon in the 1960  election, losing to the Democratic ticket of Senator John F Kennedy and Senator Lyndon B Johnson.    
  
Jan 26 1953-Sep 3 1960 U.S. Ambassador to United Nations, with office elevated to cabinet rank, under Dwight D Eisenhower

1960 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Richard Nixon, lost

1961-1962 Director-General of the Atlantic Institute for International Affairs

Aug 26 1963-Jun 28 1964 U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam under John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson

1964 While still Ambassador to South Vietnam, was the surprise write-in victor in the Republican New Hampshire primary, defeating declared Presidential candidates Barry Goldwater and Nelson Rockefeller. His entire campaign was organized by a small band of political amateurs working independently of the Ambassador, who, believing they had little hope of winning him any delegates, did nothing to aid their efforts. But when they scored the New Hampshire upset, Lodge, along with the press and Republican party leaders, suddenly began to seriously consider his candidacy. Many observers remarked on the situation's similarity to 1952, when Eisenhower had unexpectedly defeated Senator Robert A. Taft, then leader of the Republican Party's conservative faction. Lodge won three primaries as a write-in candidate without making any public appearances. However, Lodge, who refused to become an open candidate, did not fare as well in later primaries, and Goldwater ultimately won the Presidential nomination.

Aug 25 1965-Apr 25 1967 U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam under Lyndon B Johnson

1966 Elected an honorary member of the Massachusetts Society of the Cincinnati

1967-1968 Ambassador at Large under Lyndon B Johnson

May 27 1968-Jan 14 1969 U.S. Ambassador to West Germany under Lyndon B Johnson

1969 Appointed by Richard Nixon to serve as head of the American delegation at the Paris peace negotiations

Jun 5 1970-Jul 6 1977 Served occasionally as personal representative of the President U.S. to the Holy See

Unpledged Electors

Unpledged Electors placed third in the popular vote behind the Democratic and Republican tickets

In United States Presidential elections, an Unpledged Elector is a person nominated to stand as an elector but who has not pledged to support any particular Presidential or Vice Presidential candidate, and is free to vote for any candidate when elected a member of the Electoral College

Senator Harry F Byrd, Democratic VA, received 15 electoral votes for President U.S.
See 1952 for details on Byrd's career


Senator Strom Thurmond, Democratic SC, received 14 electoral votes for Vice President U.S.
See 1948 for details on Thurmond's career


Senator Barry Goldwater, Republican AZ, received 1 electoral vote for Vice President U.S.
See 1964 for details on Goldwater's career


Harry F Byrd was not directly on the ballot. Instead, his electoral votes came from unpledged Democratic electors and a faithless elector

Oklahoma faithless elector Henry D. Irwin, though pledged to vote for Richard Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge,  instead voted for non-candidate Harry F. Byrd. However, unlike other electors who voted for Harry F Byrd for President and Strom Thurmond for Vice President, Irwin cast his Vice Presidential electoral vote for Arizona Republican Senator Barry Goldwater.

In Mississippi, the slate of unpledged Democratic electors won. They cast their 8 electoral votes for Harry F Byrd and Strom Thurmond.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:39:56 pm
1960 Continued

Eric Hass NY Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1952

Georgia Cozzini WI Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1956

Rutherford L Decker MO Prohibition Party

1946-1948 President of the National Association of Evangelicals

A missionary at the American Baptist Home Mission Society, preached in Fort Morgan, CO, Denver, CO, preached at the Temple Baptist Church in Kansas City, MO he until retired in the 1960s

1960 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

E Harold Munn MI Prohibition Party

1941 Prohibition Party candidate for seat on Michigan's Board of Regents, lost

1947 MI State Chair Prohibition Party

1952 Prohibition Party candidate  Governor MI, lost

1954 Prohibition Party candidate  Governor MI, lost

1955-1972 Prohibition Party National Party Chairman  

1960 Prohibition Party candidate  Vice President U.S. with Rutherford L Decker, lost

1964 Prohibition Party candidate  President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

1968 Prohibition Party candidate  President U.S., lost to Richard M Nixon

1972 Prohibition Party candidate  President U.S., lost to Richard M Nixon

Orval Faubus AR Democratic, States Rights Party, Democratic

1941-1945 United States Army, served as an intelligence officer with the Third Army of General George Patton. Rose to the rank of Major and was in combat several times

Active in veterans' causes for the remainder of his life

1936 Candidate for AR State House of Representatives, lost

Was urged to challenge the result but declined, which earned him the gratitude of the Democratic Party

Elected Circuit Clerk and Recorder of Madison County, a post he held for two terms

After World War II Cultivated ties with leaders of Arkansas' Democratic Party, particularly with progressive reform Governor Sid McMath, leader of the post-war "GI Revolt" against corruption
Director AR State Highay Commission

1954 Challenged incumbent Governor in Democratic primary for Governor, won

Jan 11 1955-Jan 10 1967 Governor AR

1960 States Rights Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy and Richard M Nixon

John G Crommelin AL Independent, Democratic, States Rights Party, Democratic

1923 Graduated from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland

World War II Saw combat in the Pacific

1949 Transferred to Navy headquarters in The Pentagon at the rank of Captain

1950 Retired from United States Navy with rank of Rear Admiral

1950 Independent candidate  U.S. Senate AL, lost

1956 Candidate in Democratic primary U..S. Senate AL, lost

1958 Candidate in Democratic primary  Governor AL, lost

1960 States Rights Party candidate  Vice President U.S. with Orval Faubus, lost

1960 Candidate in Democratic primary  U.S. Senate AL, lost

1962 Candidate in Democratic primary  U.S. Senate AL, lost

1966 Candidate in Democratic primary  U.S. Senate AL, lost

1968 Candidate in Democratic primaries President U.S., lost

Farrell Dobbs NY Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S. See 1948

Myra Tanner Weiss CA Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1952

Charles Sullivan TX Constitutiion Party, Democratic

Attorney,  military pilot

General in United States Air Nationall Guard

1960 Constitution Party candidate for President U.S. with Merrit Cuis for Vice President, lost to John F Kennedy.  On ballot only in Texas.

1963 Candidate for Governor MS, lost

1968-1972 Lieutenant Governor MS

Merritt Curtis CA Constitution Party

Lawyer

Graduate of the University of California, and George Washington University

World War II Brigadier General

1960 Constitution Party candidate for President U.S. with B.N. Miller candidate for Vice President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy.  On ballot only in Washington.

1960 Constitution Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charles Sullivan candidate for President U.S., lost.  On ballot only in Texas.

1960 Tax Cut Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Lars Daly candidate for President U.S., lost.  On ballot only in Michigan.

J. Bracken Lee UT Republican, Conservative Party, Republican

World War I Served in United States Army

For a time became involved in conservative anti-tax groups who advocated the formation of an independent third party because of the increasing liberalism of both the Democratic and Republican parties

1931 Lost his first political campaign for Mayor of Price, UT

1935 Elected Mayor of Price, UT, winning  reelection 5 times

1940s Lost two runs for Governor UT

1948 Elected Governor UT

Jan 3 1949-Jan 7 1957 Governor UT

1956 Lost the Republican primary for Governor UT which caused him to run a strong but unsuccessful race as an independent

1958 Candidate for U.S. Senate UT, lost

1960 Conservative Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

1960-1971 Mayor Salt Lake City, UT

1962 Candidate for U.S. Senate UT, lost

1964 Candidate for Governor UT, lost, though he was defeated in the Republican state convention.  Under the Utah political system at the time, if no candidate running for statewide office or House of Representatives got 80% of the delegate votes at the convention, a primary was held between the top two candidates. Lee came in third at the convention which eliminated his candidacy.

Kent Courtney LA Democratic, Conservative Party, Republican

1950 Received a degree in business administration from Tulane University in New Orleans

Taught economics, banking, and marketing for three years at Tulane, a Jewish-affiliated institution

World War II Served in United States Navy

A leading figure in the radical right of American politics from the 1950s to the 1970s

A member of the American Legion, served on its "Americanism" committee

1954 named Chairman of the New Orleans branch of Ten Million Americans Mobilizing For Justice, an interest group formed to defend U.S. Senator Joseph R. McCarthy against censure

1954 Lost a Democratic race for New Orleans City Council

Launched Free Men Speak newspaper, which was renamed the Independent American

Traveled a great deal during this period to address right-wing groups around the country while his wife edited the newspaper

1956 Organized a campaign to prevent pro-civil rights professor Walter Gellhorn of Columbia University in New York City from lecturing at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge

1959 Sponsored a two-day meeting in Chicago calling for the establishment of a new party on grounds that the Republicans were too similar in philosophy to the Democrats and would not offer conservative voters sufficient choice in general elections

1960 States Rights Party candidate for Governor LA, lost

1960 Organized a southern conservative conference

1960 Conservative Party candidate for Vice Pesident U.S. with J. Bracken Lee, lost

1960 States Rights Party Presidential Elector LA

July 1960 Organized a "Goldwater for President" rally in Chicago on the eve of the Republican National Convention, hoping to derail the certain nomination of Vice President Richard M. Nixon as the Presidential nominee

1961 Formed the "Conservative Society of America" in Chicago and served as the National Chairman of the new organization

1964 Supported Republican Barry Goldwater for President U.S.

Agreed with former Professor Medford Evans of Northwestern State University (then Northwestern State College) in Natchitoches, LA, who declared that it would be "impossible" to integrate white and black society

Was a strong supporter of staunchly conservative and segregationist Democratic Congressman John Rarick of St. Francisville in West Feliciana Parish

Priior to 1973 Rlocated to Alexandria to serve as an aide to Democrat-turned-Republican Mayor Charles Edward "Ed" Karst

1976 Independent candidate for U.S. House of Representatives LA, lost
 



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:40:51 pm
1964

Lyndon B Johnson TX Democratic

=====
Father-in-law of Chuck Robb, Lieutenant Governor VA 1978-1982, Governor VA 1982-1986, U.S. Senate VA 1989-2001

Co-Chairman of The Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction (Iraq Intelligence Commission) 2004-2005

Robb is married to Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, daughter of Lyndon B Johnson
=====

1926 Enrolled in Southwest Texas State Teachers' College, now Texas State University. Worked his way through school, participated in debate and campus politics, and edited the school newspaper called The College Star, now known as The University Star. The college years refined his skills of persuasion and political organization.

1930 Graduated from Southwest Texas State Teachers' College

Taught in Pearsall High School in Pearsall, Texas, and afterwards took a position as teacher of public speaking at Sam Houston High School in Houston

1930 Campaigned for Democratic Texas State Senator Welly Hopkins in his run for U.S. House of Representatives TX

Hopkins recommended Johnson to Democratic Congressman Richard M Kleberg, who appointed Johnson as his Legislative Secretary

Johnson was elected speaker of the "Little Congress," a group of Congressional aides, where he cultivated Congressmen, newspapermen and lobbyists. Johnson's friends soon included aides to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, as well as fellow Texans such as Vice President John Nance Garner. He became a surrogate son to Sam Rayburn.

1934 Attended Georgetown University Law Center for several months

1935-1937 Head of the Texas National Youth Administration, which enabled him to use the government to create education and job opportunities for young people

1937 Successfully contested a special election for U.S. House of Representatives TX

1937 Democratic candidate for U.S. House of Representatives TX, elected

Apr 10 1937-Jan 3 1949 U.S. House of Representatives TX

President Franklin D. Roosevelt found Johnson to be a welcome ally and conduit for information, particularly with regard to issues concerning internal politics in Texas (Operation Texas) and the machinations of Vice President John Nance Garner and Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn

World War II United States Naval Reserve, achieved rank of Lieutenant Commander

1940-1941 Inactive duty
1941-1942 Active duty
1942-1964 Inactive duty

1941 Ran for Democratic Party U.S. Senate nomination in a special election against the sitting Governor of Texas, radio personality, W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel, lost

O'Daniel narrowly defeated Johnson  in one of the more controversial elections in state history. His victory made him the only person to ever defeat Johnson for elected office.

1948 In a three-way Democratic Party primary, narrowly defeated a former TX Governor, Coke Stevenson, in a controversial and contested Democratic primary. Johnson won the primary by 87 votes, earning him the nickname "Landslide Lyndon".  

1948 Elected to U.S. Senate TX, handily defeating his Republican opponent

Jan 3 1949-Jan 3 1961 U.S. Senate TX

Jan 3 1951-Jan 3 1953 U.S. Senate Majority Whip

Jan 3 1953-Jan 3 1955 U.S. Senate Minority Leader

Jan 3 1955-Jan 3 1961 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

1956 A favorite son candidate of the Texas delegation for Democratic Presidential nomination at the Democratic National Convention, lost to Adlai Stevenson
 
1960 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

Democratic Presidential nominee John F Kennedy asked Johnson to be the Vice Presidential candidate, despite opposition from many liberal delegates and Kennedy's own staff, including his brother Robert

Kennedy needed Johnson's strength in the South to win what was considered likely to be the closest election since 1916

1960 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John F Kennedy, elected

1960 Also elected to a third term U.S. Senate TX

Johnson had Texas law changed to allow him to run for both offices
      
Jan 3 1961 Resigned from U.S. Senate

Jan 20 1961–Nov 22 1963 37th Vice President U.S. under John F Kennedy

Nov 22 1963 Sworn in as President U.S. on Air Force One at Dallas Love Field in Dallas, TX two hours and eight minutes after President John F Kennedy was assassinated. He was sworn in by U.S. District Judge Sarah T Hughes, a family friend, making him the first, and so far only, President sworn in by a woman. He is also the only President to have been sworn in on Texas soil. Johnson did not swear on a Bible, as there was none on Air Force One. A Roman Catholic missal was found in Kennedy's desk and was used for the swearing-in ceremony. Johnson being sworn in as President has become the most famous photo ever taken aboard a Presidential aircraft.

Became President U.S. upon the assassination of President John F Kennedy Nov 22 1963

1964 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected, winning a Presidential term in his own right

Nov 22 1963-Jan 20 1969 36th President U.S.

Mar 12 1968 Minnesota Senator Eugene McCarthy ran in New Hampshire Democratic primary, winning 42% of the vote to Johnson's 49%

Mar 16 1968 New York Senator Robert F Kennedy entered the campaign for the Democratic Presidential nomination

Mar 31 1968 President Lyndon B Johnson announced he would not be seeking the nomination of the Democratic Party for another term as President
 
1968 Supported Democratic nominee, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, for President U.S.

Post Presidency

After leaving the Presidency in January 1969, Johnson went home to his ranch in Stonewall, Texas, accompanied by former aide and speech writer Harry J. Middleton, who would draft Johnson's first book, The Choices We Face, and work with him on his memoirs entitled The Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency 1963–1969, published in 1971

1969 The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum opened near the campus of The University of Texas at Austin

1972 Endorsed Democratic nominee, Senator George McGovern, for President U.S.

Johnson donated his Texas ranch in his will to the public to form the Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park

Second Lady of the United States Lady Bird Johnson 1961-1963

First Lady of the United States Lady Bird Johnson 1963-1969

1928 Entered University of Alabama for the summer session, where she took her first journalism course, but did not return for the fall term at University of Alabama.

Instead, enrolled at St. Mary's Episcopal College for Women, a strict Episcopal boarding junior college for women in Dallas, graduated 1930.

University of Texas, received a Bachelor's of Arts degree with honors 1933 and a second bachelor's degree in journalism Cum Laude 1934, also earned a teaching certificate.




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:41:25 pm
1964 Continued

Hubert Humphrey MN Democratic-Farmer-Labor, Democratic

=====
Father of Skip Humphrey, MN State Senate 1973-1983, Attorney General MN 1983-1999
=====

Had to leave University of Minnesota after just one year

Earned a pharmacist's license from the Capitol College of Pharmacy in Denver, Colorado, completing a two year licensure program in just six months

1937 Returned to the University of Minnesota and earned a bachelor of arts in 1939

1940 Earned a master's degree from Louisiana State University, serving as an assistant instructor of political science there

One of his classmates was Russell B. Long, a future Democratic U.S. Senator from Louisiana

1940 Presidential campaign Humphrey and future University of Minnesota president Malcolm Moos debated the merits of Franklin D. Roosevelt, the Democratic candidate, and Wendell Willkie, the Republican candidate, on a Minneapolis radio station. Humphrey supported Roosevelt.

1940-1941 Became an instructor and doctoral student at the University of Minnesota, joining the American Federation of Teachers

Soon became active in Minneapolis politics, and as a result never finished his PhD

World War II Twice tried to join the armed forces, but he was rejected because of a hernia. He instead led various wartime government agencies and worked as a college instructor.
 
1942 Supervisor of Works Progress Administration

1942 State Director of new production training and reemployment and chief of the Minnesota War Service Program

1943 Assistant Director of the War Manpower Commission

1943-1944 Professor of political science at Macalester College in Saint Paul, MN, where he headed the university's recently created international debate department, a department focusing on the international politics of WWII and the creation of the United Nations

1943 Candidate for Mayor of Minneapolis, MN, lost

1944 Worked on incumbent President Franklin D Roosevelt's reelection campaign

1944 One of the key players in the merger of the Democratic and Farmer-Labor parties of Minnesota to form the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL)

1944-1945 News commentator for a Minneapolis radio station

1945 When Minnesota Communists tried to seize control of the new party, Humphrey became an engaged anti-Communist and led the successful fight to oust the Communists from the DFL

Jul 2 1945-Nov 30 1948 Mayor of Minneapolis, MN

1948 Resigned as Mayor of Minneapolis after winning election to U.S. Senate MN

1948 Delivered a famous speech on civil rights at Democratic National Convention, resulting in the convention adopting the pro civil rights plank of the party platform

Jan 3 1949-Dec 30 1964 U.S. Senate MN

1949-1950 Chairman of liberal anticommunist Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), of which he was one of the founders

1952 Minnesota's favorite son candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to Adlai Stevenson

1956 Candidate for Democratic nomination for Vice President U.S., lost to Estes Kefauver.   Presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson let the convention select the Vice Presidential candidate. Humphrey finished fifth in the balloting, behind Estes Kefauver, John F Kennedy, Albert Gore Sr, Robert F Wagner Jr.

1960 Candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy

Jan 3 1961-Dec 30 1964 U.S. Senate Majority Whip

1964 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Lyndon B Johnson, elected

Jan 20 1965-Jan 20 1969 38th Vice President U.S.

1968 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

After leaving the Vice Presidency, taught at Macalester College and the University of Minnesota, and served as chairman of board of consultants at the Encyclopedia Britannica Educational Corporation

Jan 3 1971-Jan 13 1978 U.S. Senate MN, died in office

Initially, had not planned to return to political life, but an unexpected opportunity changed his mind. Senator Eugene McCarthy, who was up for re-election in 1970, realized that he had only a slim chance of winning even re-nomination. He had angered his party by opposing Johnson and Humphrey for the 1968 presidential nomination, and declined to run. Humphrey won the nomination, and the election, and returned to the U.S. Senate on January 3, 1971. He was re-elected in 1976, and remained in office until his death. In a rarity in politics, Humphrey served as a U.S. Senator by holding both seats in his state, Class I and Class II, at different times.

1972 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to George McGovern

Jan 3 1977-Jan 13 1978 First Deputy President Pro Tempore U.S. Senate

Second Lady of the United States Muriel Humphrey 1965-1969

Attended Huron College.

Was appointed as a member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party by Rudy Perpich, the Governor of Minnesota, to the U.S. Senate vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Hubert Humphrey, and served from January 25, 1978 to November 7, 1978. She was the first spouse of a former Vice President to serve in Congress as well as the first woman to represent Minnesota in the U.S. Senate. She was not a candidate for the special election for the remainder of the term.  

Barry Goldwater AZ Republican

=====
Father of Barry Goldwater Jr,  Republican member U.S. House of Representatives CA 1969-1983

Nov 16 2007 Publicly endorsed Ron Paul, a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas, for the Republican Presidential nomination for 2008

Jan 5 2008 Announced his decision to go to New Hampshire to campaign for Ron Paul, after Paul's 10% showing in the Iowa caucuses, held on Jan 3 2008. His efforts helped Paul garner 8% of the vote in New Hampshire. He also spoke in support of Ron Paul at the Kansas Republican caucus.

Sep 4 2008 A list of electors in Louisiana using the label "Louisiana Taxpayers Party" paid $500 and filed papers with the Louisiana Secretary of State's Office to get on the ballot. They were pledged to Ron Paul for President and to Barry Goldwater Jr for Vice President. Goldwater Jr placed third in the popular vote for Vice President in Louisiana.
=====
 
Came to know former President Herbert Hoover, whose conservative politics he admired greatly

Attended Staunton Military Academy

1928 Attended one year at University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ

1937-1953 President Goldwater's Department Store,  Phoenix, AZ

Served in World War II, Korean War

1941-1945 U.S. Army Air Forces, rank of Lieutenant Colonel

1945-1952 Arizona Air National Guard, rank of Colonel

1948-1950 Member of advisory committee, Indian Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior

1949-1952 Member Phoenix, AZ City Council

1952-1967 United States Air Force Reserve, rank of Major General

1952 Elected to U.S. Senate AZ when he upset veteran Democrat and Senate Majority Leader Ernest McFarland, defeating McFarland again in 1958

Jan 3 1953-Jan 3 1965 U.S. Senate AZ

1955-1957 Chairman of National Republican Senatorial Committee

1961-1963 Chairman of National Republican Senatorial Committee

1964 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

Jan 3 1969-Jan 3 1987 U.S. Senate AZ

May 12 1986 Was presented with Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan

1987 A recipient of Langley Gold Medal from Smithsonian Institution

1988 In recognition of his career, Princeton University's American Whig-Cliosophic Society awarded Goldwater the James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service

William E Miller NY Republican

=====
Father of William E. Miller Jr, who ran unsuccessfully as a Republican for U.S. House of Representatives NY 1992, 1994
=====

1935 Graduated from Notre Dame University, South Bend, IN

1938 Graduated from Albany Law School of Union University

1938 Admitted to New York bar  

Jan 1940 Appointed United States Commissioner for the Western District of New York by Governor Thomas E Dewey, serving until entering the United States Army

Jul 1 1942 Entered United States Army

1942 Assigned to Military Intelligence Branch

May 1945 Commissioned a First Lieutenant and assigned to the War Criminals Branch at Washington, D.C., serving until Aug 1945

1945-1946 Assistant prosecutor of Nazi war criminals at Nuremberg, Germany

Mar 1946 Discharged from U.S. Army

Mar 1946 Appointed Assistant District Attorney of Niagara County, NY by Governor Thomas E Dewey

Jan 1948 Appointed District Attorney Niagara County, NY by Governor Thomas E Dewey  

Nov 1948 Elected District Attorney Niagara County, NY

1950 Elected U.S. House of Representatives NY, reelected 1952, 1954, 1956, 1958, 1960, 1962

Jan 3 1951-Jan 3 1965 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1960 Chairman National Republican Congressional Committee

1961-1964 Chairman Republican National Committee

1964 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Barry Goldwater, lost

Goldwater stated that he chose Miller as the Republican candidate for Vice President simply because "he drives [President] Johnson nuts"

The first Catholic Vice Presidential nominee of the Republican Party

After the 1964 defeat and after leaving the U.S. House of Representatives in 1965, returned to his law practice in Lockport, NY



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:41:57 pm
1964 Continued

Unpledged Electors

Unpledged Electors placed third in the popular vote behind the Democratic and Republican tickets

In United States Presidential elections, an Unpledged Elector is a person nominated to stand as an elector but who has not pledged to support any particular Presidential or Vice Presidential candidate, and is free to vote for any candidate when elected a member of the Electoral College

However, Unpledged Electors failed to win any electoral votes

Eric Haas NY Socialist Labor candidate for President U.S. See 1952

Henning A Blomen MA Socialist Labor Party

1964 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eric Haas, lost

1968 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Unsuccessful candidate for Governor MA 14 times

According to his obituary in the Boston Globe, Henning advocated a bloodless revolution, abolishment of capitalism and the establishment of a socialist industrial republic

Clifton DeBerry IL Socialist Workers Party

Trade Unionist

1940s Became active in the Farm Equipment Workers Union and joined the Communist Party

1953 Grew critical of the official Communist movement, joined the Socialist Workers Party, a Trotskyist organization

1955 Helped organize a mass protest in Chicago to protest the lynching of Emmett Till in his native Mississippi

1950s Spoke out in defense of the Cuban Revolution, in support of African liberation struggles, and demanded withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam

1960s Marched for civil rights in Selma, Alabama and Memphis, Tennessee and was a supporter of Malcolm X

A delegate to the founding conventions of the Negro Labor Congress and the Negro American Labor Council

1963 Ran for Councilman in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, lost

1964 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

The party's first African American candidate as well as the first African American candidate for President of any existing party (he was preceded in 1960 by marginal candidate Clennon King)

1965 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Mayor New York City, NY, lost

1970 Socialist Workers Party candidate Governor NY, lost.

1980 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan.  Was one of three candidates the party had that year, the others being Andrew Pulley and Richard Congress.

Matilde Zimmermann was the Vice Presidential candidate on all three tickets

Ed Shaw MI Socialist Workers Party

After high school, at the outbreak of World War II, entered the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. Moved to New York City in 1942. There, while still in his late teens, he entered the military-run Maritime Service training school at Sheepshead Bay, where he got his papers as a fireman/watertender in the merchant marine

Identified with and later became an active participant in the struggle for Black rights

1944 Joined Socialist Workers Party

Served in the U.S. Army during the Korean War

Early 1960s A leader and Midwest director of the Fair Play for Cuba Committee

1964 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice Pesident U.S. with Clifton DeBerry, lost

1965-1968 Socialist Workers Party Organization Secretary

1970s Shouldered numerous responsibilities as a leader of the world trotskyist movement

Traveled throughout Latin America, collaborating with cothinkers of the SWP and other revolutionaries

Represented the SWP leadership as a fraternal delegate in the United Secretariat of the Fourth International between 1972 and 1977 and spent considerable time in Spain

1977 Moved to Miami and became part of the SWP branch there

After retiring from day-to-day political activity in 1982, continued to follow the party's press and its work nationally and internationally, and to carry out projects proposed by the party leadership

E Harold Munn MI Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1960

Mark R Shaw MA Prohibition Party

Methodist Minister

1946, 1952, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1966, 1970 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. Senate MA, lost

1948, 1956 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor MA, lost

1964 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with E Harold Munn, lost

John Kasper NY States Rights Party

A far-right activist and Ku Klux Klan member who took a militant stand against racial integration during the civil rights movement

Educated at Columbia University, became a devotee of Ezra Pound

1954 Formed the Seaboard White Citizens Council immediately after Brown v. Board of Education in order to prevent desegregation in Washington DC

1956 Came to prominence during the integration of Clinton High School in Clinton, Tennessee

Sought to mobilize the opponents of the desegregation order, and was arrested during the resulting unrest

1957 Called for a return to Constitutionalism, and the creation of a third party to oppose the integration that was now supported by both Democrats and Republicans, later becoming associated with the National States Rights Party

1964 States Rights Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

J.B. Stoner GA States Rights Party, Democratic  

Lawyer

Became active in white supremacist groups

Rechartered a chapter of the Ku Klux Klan in Chattanooga, TN

Ran the National States Rights Party

Earned a law degree, and served as the attorney for James Earl Ray. The FBI also investigated Stoner in the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. and for several bombings of black churches, such as the 16th Street Baptist Church bombing.

1964 States Rights Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John Kasper, lost

1970 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for Governor GA, lost nomination to  civil rights supporter and future President Jimmy Carter

1972 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U..S. Senate GA, lost

1974 Candidate for Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor GA, lost

1980 Candidate for Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate GA, lost  

1990 Candidate for Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor GA, lost

Joseph B Lightburn WV Republican, Constitution Party

1952 Alternate delegate to Republican National Convention from West Virginia

1954 Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives from West Virginia

1964 Constitution Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

1968 candidate for West Virginia State Senate

Theodore Billings CO Constitution Party

1964 Constitution Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Joseph B Lightburn, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:42:34 pm
1968

Richard Nixon 1952, 1956, 1960 Home State CA, 1968, 1972 Home State NY Republican

=====
Father-in-law of Edward Cox, chairman of the New York Republican State Committee, assumed office 2008. Edward Cox is the husband of Nixon's daughter Tricia Nixon Cox.

Father-in-law of David Eisenhower, who is the grandson of Dwight Eisenhower, and husband of Nixon's daughter Julie Nixon Eisenhower.  They have three children, Jennie Elizabeth Eisenhower, Alexander "Alex" Richard Eisenhower, and Melanie Catherine Eisenhower. They also have three grandchildren, Kaia Marie Eisenhower, Chloe Cheslock, and Kaeden Brian Eisenhower. These children and grandchildren are the only individuals to have had both a paternal ancestor and a maternal ancestor who held the office of President of the United States.
=====  

1928 At Whittier High School, suffered his first electoral defeat, for student body president

Was offered a tuition grant to attend Harvard University, unable to accept due to family circumstances

1934 Graduated from Whittier College

Received a full scholarship to attend Duke University School of Law

Elected president of Duke Bar Association

1937 Graduated Duke University School of Law

1942 Worked at the Office of Price Administration, Washington DC

1942-1945 World War II, 1946 Post World War II, United States Navy, reached rank of Lieutenant Commander

Nov 1945 Selected by a Republican "Committee of 100" to run against five term Democratic Congressman Jerry Voorhis for U.S. House of Representatives CA, Nixon wins

Jan 3 1947-Dec 1 1950 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1950 Wins Republican Senate primary to run against Democratic Congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas for U.S. Senate CA, Nixon wins

Dec 4 1950-Jan 1 1953 U.S. Senate CA

General Dwight D. Eisenhower was nominated for President by the Republicans in 1952. He had no strong preference for a Vice Presidential candidate, and Republican officeholders and party officials met in a "smoke-filled room" and recommended Nixon to the General, who agreed to the Senator's selection. Nixon's youth, he was then 39, stance against communism, and political base in California, one of the largest states, were all seen as vote winners by the leaders. Among the candidates considered along with Nixon were Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft, New Jersey Governor Alfred Driscoll and Illinois Senator Everett Dirksen. On the campaign trail, Eisenhower spoke to his plans for the country, leaving the negative campaigning to his running mate.

1952 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Dwight D Eisenhower, elected

In mid-September 1952, the Republican ticket faced a major crisis. The media reported that Nixon had a political fund, maintained by his backers, which reimbursed him for political expenses. Such a fund was not illegal, but it exposed Nixon to allegations of possible conflict of interest. With pressure building for Eisenhower to demand Nixon's resignation from the ticket, the Senator went on television to deliver an address to the nation on September 23, 1952. The address, later termed the Checkers speech, was heard by about 60 million Americans, including the largest television audience up to that point. Nixon emotionally defended himself, stating that the fund was not secret, nor had donors received special favors. He painted himself as a man of modest means (his wife had no mink coat; instead she wore a "respectable Republican cloth coat") and a patriot. The speech would be remembered for the gift which Nixon had received, but which he would not give back: "a little cocker spaniel dog ... sent all the way from Texas. And our little girl—Tricia, the 6-year-old—named it Checkers." The speech was a masterpiece and prompted a huge public outpouring of support for Nixon. Eisenhower decided to retain him on the ticket, which proved victorious in the November election.

Despite intense campaigning by Nixon, who reprised his strong attacks on the Democrats, the Republicans lost control of both houses of Congress in the 1954 elections. These losses caused Nixon to contemplate leaving politics once he had served out his term. On September 24, 1955, President Eisenhower suffered a heart attack; his condition was initially believed to be life-threatening. Eisenhower was unable to perform his duties for six weeks. The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution had not yet been proposed, and the Vice President had no formal power to act. Nonetheless, Nixon acted in Eisenhower's stead during this period, presiding over Cabinet meetings and ensuring that aides and Cabinet officers did not seek power. According to Nixon biographer Stephen Ambrose, Nixon had "earned the high praise he received for his conduct during the crisis ... he made no attempt to seize power".

His spirits buoyed, Nixon sought a second term, but some of Eisenhower's aides aimed to displace him. In a December 1955 meeting, Eisenhower proposed that Nixon not run for reelection in order to give him administrative experience before a 1960 Presidential run and instead become a cabinet officer in a second Eisenhower administration. Nixon, however, believed such an action would destroy his political career. When Eisenhower announced his reelection bid in February 1956, he hedged on the choice of his running mate, stating that it was improper to address that question until he had been renominated. Although no Republican was opposing Eisenhower, Nixon received a substantial number of write-in votes against the President in the 1956 New Hampshire primary election. In late April, the President announced that Nixon would again be his running mate. Eisenhower and Nixon were reelected by a wide margin in the November 1956 election.

1956 Republican Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with Dwight D Eisenhower, reelected

Jan 20 1953-Jan 20 1961 36th Vice President U.S.

The first Vice President U.S. to be born in the twentieth century

1960 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to John F Kennedy in one of the closest Presidential elections in U.S. history

In September and October, 1960, Nixon appeared with Democratic Presidential nominee Senator John F Kennedy, in the first televised U.S. Presidential debates in U.S. history. The debates are now considered a milestone in American political history, the point at which the medium of television began to play a dominant role in politics.

Jan 1961 At the end of his term of office as Vice President Nixon and his family returned to California, where he practiced law and wrote a bestselling book, Six Crises

1962 Republican Party candidate for Governor CA, lost to incumbent Democratic Governor Edmund G "Pat" Brown

Nixon had pledged, when announcing his campaign for Governor CA, not to run for President in 1964

1963 Nixon family traveled to Europe where Nixon gave press conferences and met with leaders of the countries he visited

1963 Nixon family moved to New York City, where Nixon became a senior partner in the leading law firm Nixon, Mudge, Rose, Guthrie & Alexander

1964 Supported Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater for the Republican nomination for President

1964 Selected to introduce Republican Presidential nominee Barry Goldwater to the Republican National Convention

1964 Presidential election, although he thought Goldwater unlikely to win, Nixon campaigned for him loyally

1966 Campaigned for many Republicans seeking to regain seats lost in the Johnson landslide in 1964 and received credit for helping the Republicans make major gains in the midterm election

At the end of 1967 Nixon told his family he planned to run for President a second time

1968 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

During the 1968 Presidential election, Robert Finch, a close friend of Nixon's and the Lieutenant Governor of California, was Nixon's first choice as his Vice Presidential running mate, but Finch declined and Nixon then chose Governor of Maryland Spiro Agnew. A Nixon/Finch ticket was possible because, although Nixon was born in California, and had represented California in Congress, during the 1968 election he was a resident of New York, so California's electors could have cast their votes for both men. If they had both been California residents at the same time, California's electors could only have voted for one of them.

Finch was Lieutenant Governor of California 1967-1969, was appointed by Nixon as Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, serving 1969-1970, and was Counselor to the President 1970-1972

1972 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Jan 20 1969-Aug 9 1974 37th President U.S., resigned from office

Was the first President in 120 years to have both the U.S. Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives controlled by the opposing party

Was the first candidate to carry 49 states, in 1972, a feat later matched by Ronald Reagan in 1984

Oct 10 1973 Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns from office and pleads no contest to criminal charges of tax evasion while he was Governor of Maryland

Oct 12 1973 President Nixon nominates House Minority Leader Gerald Ford as Vice President U.S., the first time the Vice Presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented

Dec 6 1973 Gerald Ford sworn in as Vice President U.S.

Jul 27 1974 The House Judiciary Committee votes in favor of recommending that the President of the United States, Richard Nixon, be impeached and removed from office as a result of his involvement in the so called "Watergate" affair

Aug 9 1974 Nixon resigns the Presidency and avoids the likely prospect of losing the impeachment vote in the full House and a subsequent trial in the Senate. He thus became the only U.S. President ever to resign from office.

Aug 9 1974 Vice President Gerald Ford sworn in as President U.S.  

Sep 8 1974 President Gerald Ford issues Proclamation 4311, which gave former President Richard Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he may have committed against the United States while President

1972 marked the fifth time Nixon had been nominated on the Republican ticket as either Vice Presidential candidate, 1952 and 1956, or Presidential candidate, 1960, 1968, and 1972. Hence, Nixon's five appearances on his party's ticket matched the major party American standard of Democrat Franklin D Roosevelt,  who had been nominated for Vice President once, in 1920, and for President four times, in 1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:43:04 pm
1968 Continued

Richard Nixon Continued

Post Presidency

1976 Visited China at the personal invitation of Mao Zedong

1976 Remained neutral in Republican nomination contest between President Gerald Ford and Governor Ronald Reagan

1978 Visited United Kingdom

1980 When the former Shah of Iran died in Egypt in July 1980, Nixon defied the State Department, which intended to send no U.S. representative, by attending the funeral
  
1980 Supported Ronald Reagan for President

1980s Maintained an ambitious schedule of speaking engagements and writing, traveled, and met with many foreign leaders, especially those of Third World countries

1986 Journeyed to the Soviet Union and on his return sent President Reagan a lengthy memorandum containing foreign policy suggestions and his personal impressions of Mikhail Gorbachev. Following this trip, Nixon was ranked in a Gallup poll as one of the ten most admired men in the world.

July 19 1990 The original Nixon library and Nixon birthplace was officially dedicated.  Former President Nixon and former First Lady Pat Nixon were present, as were President George H. W. Bush, former President Gerald Ford, former President Ronald Reagan, First Lady Barbara Bush, and former First Ladies Betty Ford, and Nancy Reagan. A crowd of 50,000 gathered for the ceremony.

Second Lady of the United States Pat Nixon 1953-1961

First Lady of the United States Pat Nixon 1969-1974

1929 Attended Fullerton Junior College.

1931 Enrolled at University of Southern California (USC), majored in merchandising.

1937 graduated cum laude from USC with a Bachelor of Science degree in merchandising, together with a certificate to teach at the high school level, which USC deemed equivalent to a Master's degree.

Spiro Agnew MD Democratic, Republican

1937-1940 Johns Hopkins University, studied chemistry. Graduated with a B.A.

1940 Transferred to the University of Baltimore School of Law, and started attending night classes

While in law school, earned a living with a day job at an insurance company

1941 Drafted into U.S. Army.  Commissioned an officer 1942, upon graduation from Army Officer Candidate School. Served in Europe. Awarded the Bronze Star Medal for his service in France and Germany.  Years of service 1941-1945.

1946 Was able to go back to the University of Baltimore School of Law through the GI Bill of Rights, transferred to the evening program

1947 Received LL.B, later amended to Juris Doctor

1949 Passed Maryland bar exam

1950 Recalled for service to U.S. Army during Korean War

First President of the Loch Raven, MD Community Council

President of the Dumbarton Junior High School PTA

A Democrat from early youth, he switched parties and became a Republican

1950s Aided U.S. Congressman MD Republican James Devereux in four successive winning election bids

1957-1961 Member Zoning Board of Appeals, Baltimore County, appointed by Democratic Baltimore County Executive Michael J Birmingham

1958-1961 Chair Zoning Board of Appeals, Baltimore County

1960 Candidate for Judge Baltimore City Circuit Court, lost

1961 The new Democratic Baltimore County Executive, Christian H. Kahl, dropped Agnew from the Zoning Board of Appeals, with Agnew loudly protesting, thereby gaining name recognition

Dec 1962-Dec 1966 Baltimore County Executive, Baltimore County

(The Baltimore County Executive is the highest elected official representing the government of Baltimore County, Maryland)

Jan 25 1967–Jan 7 1969 Governor MD

1967-1969:

Member Board of Public Works
Member Executive Committee Board of Public Works
Vice Chair Committee on State-Urban Relations
Member National Governors' Conference
Member Advisory Committee Inter-governmental Affairs
Member Appalachian Regional Commission
Member Southern Regional Education Board
Member Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin
Member Educational Commission of the States
Member Hall of Records Commission  
Member Board of Trustees Maryland Environmental Trust
Member Maryland Historical Trust  

Nixon decided not to re-select his 1960 running mate Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr., and U.S. House of Representatives House Minority Leader Gerald R. Ford, of Michigan, proposed New York City Mayor John V. Lindsay for Vice President. Nixon turned instead to another perceived moderate, Maryland Governor Spiro T. Agnew. Agnew, former Baltimore County Executive in the Baltimore City suburbs, 1962-1966, and since Governor of Maryland, had come to Republican leaders and Nixon's attention when he summoned several Black civic, religious and political leaders in Baltimore City to the local State Office Building complex, following the disastrous April 1968 urban riots which enveloped Black sections of East and West Baltimore, along with the rest of the nation, after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. in Memphis, Tennessee.

1968 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Richard Nixon, elected

Soon after the inauguration, Nixon appointed Agnew as head of the Office of Intergovernmental Relations, to head government commissions such as the National Space Council and assigned him to work with state Governors to bring down crime. It became clear that Agnew would not be in the inner circle of advisors.

Oval Office tapes reveal that in 1971, Nixon and his chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman, discussed their desire to have Agnew resign from office before the following year's campVaign season. One plan to achieve this was to try to persuade conservative investors to purchase one of the television networks, and then invite Agnew to run it. Another was to see if actor/comedian Bob Hope would be willing to take Agnew on as his partner in his cable television investments. These and other plans never went beyond the talking stages.

Nixon would have liked to replace Agnew on the Republican ticket in 1972 with John Connally, U.S. Secretary of the Navy 1961, Governor of Texas 1963-1969, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury 1971-1972, and his chosen successor for 1976, but he realized that Agnew's large conservative base of supporters would be in an uproar, so he reluctantly kept him as his running mate

1972 Republican Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with Richard Nixon, reelected

Jan 20 1969-Oct 10 1973 39th Vice President U.S., resigned from office

Oct 10, 1973 Spiro Agnew became the second Vice President to resign the office. John C Calhoun resigned from the Vice Presidency Dec 28 1832 in order to take a seat in the U.S. Senate for SC.

Oct 10 1973  Agnew pleads nolo contendere (no contest) in U.S. District Court to charges of income tax evasion in exchange for the dropping of charges of political corruption, part of a negotiated resolution to a scheme wherein he was accused of accepting more than $100,000 in bribes during his tenure as Governor of Maryland. Fined $10,000, put on three years probation, and disbarred by the Maryland Court of Appeals. Agnew resigns from office.

Agnew's resignation triggered the first use of the 25th Amendment, specifically Section 2, as the vacancy prompted the appointment and confirmation of Gerald Ford, the House Minority Leader, as his successor. This remains one of only two instances in which the amendment has been employed to fill a Vice Presidential vacancy. The second time was when Ford, after becoming President upon Nixon's resignation, chose Nelson Rockefeller, originally Agnew's mentor in the moderate wing of the Republican Party, to succeed him as Vice President. Had Agnew remained as Vice President when Nixon resigned just 10 months later, Agnew himself would have become the 38th President, instead of Ford.

After leaving politics, Agnew became an international trade executive

May 2 1974 Maryland Court of Appeals disbars Agnew

1976 Briefly reentered the public spotlight and engendered controversy with what Gerald Ford publicly criticized as "unsavory remarks about Jews" and anti-Zionist statements that called for the United States to withdraw its support for the state of Israel, citing Israel's allegedly bad treatment of Christians

1980 Published a memoir in which he implied that Nixon and his Chief of Staff, Alexander Haig, had planned to assassinate him if he refused to resign the Vice Presidency, and that Haig told him to "go quietly...or else", the memoir's title. Agnew also wrote a novel, The Canfield Decision, about a Vice President who was "destroyed by his own ambition."

Apr 27 1981 As a result of a civil suit in Anne Arundel County Circuit Court, Agnew was ordered to pay the State of Maryland the amount of bribes that the Court declared he had accepted, plus interest. Accordingly, in 1983, he paid the state of Maryland $268,482.

Agnew always maintained that the tax evasion and bribery charges were an attempt by Nixon to divert attention from the growing Watergate scandal

After their resignations, Agnew and Nixon never spoke to each other again. As a gesture of reconciliation, Nixon's daughters invited Agnew to attend Nixon's funeral in 1994, and Agnew accepted. In 1996, when Agnew died, Nixon's daughters returned the favor by attending Agnew's funeral.

Second Lady of the United States Judy Agnew 1969-1973

In Annapolis, MD served as the president of her local PTA, and volunteered as both an assistant Girl Scout troupe leader and a board member of the Kiwanis Club women’s auxiliary.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:43:26 pm
1968 Continued

Hubert Humphrey MN Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1964

Edmund Muskie ME Democratic

Attended Bates College in Lewiston, Maine, where he majored in history and government

While at Bates, was a successful member of the debating team and was elected to student government

1936 Graduated from Bates College as class president and as a member of Phi Beta Kappa

1936 Enrolled at Cornell Law School in Ithaca, New York

While at Cornell was elected to Phi Alpha Delta

1939 Graduated cum laude from Cornell Law School

1939 Admitted to Massachusetts Bar

1940 Admitted to Maine bar

1942-1945 World War II United States Navy Reserve, reaching rank of Lieutenant

After World War II Was instrumental in building up the Democratic Party in Maine

1947 Candidate for Mayor of Waterville, ME, lost

1947-1951 ME State House of Representatives

Jan 5 1955-Jan 2 1959 Governor ME

Jan 3 1959-May 7 1980 U.S. Senate ME

1968 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Hubert Humhrey, lost

1970 Chosen to articulate the Democratic Party's message to congressional voters before the midterm elections

1972 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to George McGovern

1973 Chosen to give the Democratic response to President Nixon's State of the Union address

May 8 1980–Jan 20, 1981 U.S. Secretary of State under Jimmy Carter

1981 Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom

1987 As an elder statesman, was appointed a member of the President's Special Review Board known as the "Tower Commission" to investigate President Ronald Reagan's administration's role in the Iran-Contra affair

Held the highest office, U.S. Secretary of State, held by a Polish American in U.S. history, and also is the only Polish American ever nominated by a major party for Vice President U.S.

George Wallace AL Democratic, American Independent Party, Democratic

=====
Father of George Wallace Jr

As a Democrat, AL State Treasurer 1987-1995, candidate for U.S. House of Representatives AL 1992, defeated, candidate for Democratic nomination for Lieutenant Governor AL 1994, defeated

As a Republican, AL Public Service Commission 1999-2007, candidate for Republican nomination for Lieutenant Governor AL 2006, defeated, candidate for Republican nomination for AL State Treasurer 2010, defeated

Cornelia Wallace, second wife of Governor George Wallace, candidate for Democratic nomination  for Governor AL, 1978, defeated, was divorced from Governor George Wallace at the time of her candidacy  
=====    

1935 Won a contest to serve as a page in the AL State Senate and confidently predicted that he would one day be Governor of Alabama

1937 Enrolled University of Alabama School of Law in Tuscaloosa

1942 Graduated with LL.B. degree

1942-1945  World War II United States Army Air Corps, rank of Staff Sergeant

Served with the XX Bomber Command under General Curtis LeMay, who would become his running mate for Vice President U.S. in the 1968 Presidential election

1938 Contributed to his grandfather's successful campaign for Probate Judge

1945 Appointed as one of the Assistant Attorneys General of AL

1946 Won his first election as a member to the AL State House of Representatives

1947-1951 AL State House of Representatives

1948 Delegate to Democratic National Convention, did not join the Dixiecrat walkout at the convention, despite his opposition to U.S. President Harry S. Truman's proposed civil rights program, which Wallace considered an infringement on states' rights. In his 1963 inaugural speech as Governor, Wallace excused his failure to walk out of the 1948 convention on political grounds.

1952-1958 Circuit Judge of the Third Judicial Circuit in AL

1958 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for Governor AL, lost

1962 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for Governor AL, won

Jan 14 1963-Jan 16 1967 Governor AL

1964 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Lyndon B Johnson

Term limits in the Alabama Constitution prevented Wallace from seeking a second term for Governor AL in 1966.  Therefore, Wallace offered his wife, Lurleen Wallace, as a surrogate candidate for Governor AL, who was elected Governor AL.

Jan 16 1967-May 7 1968 First Gentleman of AL when his wife Lurleen Wallace served as Governor AL. Lurleen Wallace died in office.

May 7 1968 Upon the death of Governor Lurleen Wallace, Lieutenant Governor Albert Brewer became Governor AL, serving May 7 1968-Jan 18 1971

1968 American Independent Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey

Wallace remains the last third party, non-Democratic, non-Republican candidate to win any electoral votes by vote of the people. (John Hospers in 1972, Ronald Reagan in 1976, Lloyd Bentsen in 1988, and John Edwards in 2004 all received one electoral vote from faithless electors.) Wallace also received the vote of one North Carolina elector who had been pledged to Nixon.

Jan 18 1971-Jan 15 1979 Governor AL

1972 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to George McGovern

May 15 1972 Assassination attempt effectively ended Wallace's campaign

Wallace was shot five times by Arthur Bremer, a college drop out, while campaigning at the Laurel Shopping Center in Laurel, Maryland, at a time when he was receiving high ratings in national opinion polls

Since Wallace was out of Alabama for more than twenty days while recovering in hospital in Silver Spring, Maryland, the state constitution required Lieutenant Governor Jere Beasley to serve as Acting Governor from June 5 1972 until Wallace's return to Alabama July 7 1972
 
Jul 11 1972 Spoke at the Democratic National Convention in Miami Beach, Florida

1976 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

Late 1970s Announced that he was a born-again Christian and apologized to black civil rights leaders for his past actions as a segregationist

Jan 17 1983-Jan 19 1987 Governor AL

Wallace achieved four gubernatorial terms across three decades, totaling 16 years in office. It is a national record tied by others but thus far surpassed only by Terry Branstad of Iowa, who served four terms from 1983-1999 and was elected to a fifth term in 2010, and former Vice President George Clinton of New York, who served twenty-one non-consecutive years as Governor between 1777 and 1804.

Curtis LeMay CA Republican, American Independent Party, Republican

Graduated with a bachelor of civil engineering degree from Ohio State University and is a distinguished alumnus of the College of Engineering, Ohio State University

Military service

United States Air Force
United States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Corps
United States Army
Ohio National Guard

Years of service
1928–1965

Rank
Four Star General

Commands held
Twentieth Air Force
Strategic Air Command
USAF Chief of Staff

Battles/Wars
World War II
European Theater of Operations
Pacific Theater

First post-war assignment was to Headquarters Air Materiel Command. He was then transferred to the Pentagon at Washington, D.C., to be the first deputy chief of air staff for research and development.

1947 Returned to Europe as commander of USAF Europe

1948 Headed operations for the Berlin Airlift

1948 Returned to the US to head the Strategic Air Command (SAC)

1951 Upon receiving his fourth star in 1951 at age 44, became the youngest four-star General in American history since Ulysses S. Grant and was the youngest four-star General in modern history as well as the longest serving in that rank

Owing to his unrelenting opposition to the Johnson administration's Vietnam policy and what was widely perceived as his hostility to Defense Secretary Robert McNamara, LeMay was essentially forced into retirement in February 1965 and seemed headed for a political career

Jun 30 1957-Jun 30 1961 Vice Chief of Staff United States Air Force

Jun 30 1961-Jan 31 1965 Chief of Staff United States Air Force

Moving to California, he was approached by conservatives to challenge moderate Republican Thomas Kuchel for his seat in the United States Senate in 1968, but he declined

1968 For the Presidential race that year, LeMay originally supported Richard Nixon. He turned down two requests by George Wallace to join his American Independent Party that year on the grounds that a third-party candidacy might hurt Nixon's chances at the polls. By coincidence, Wallace had served as a Sergeant in a unit commanded by LeMay during World War II.

LeMay gradually became convinced that Nixon planned to pursue a conciliatory policy with the Soviets and accept nuclear parity rather than retain America's first-strike supremacy. LeMay felt that Lyndon Johnson had lied to him on several occasions and that Hubert Humphrey, if elected, would do the same. Consequently LeMay, while being fully aware of Wallace's segregationist platform, decided to throw his support to Wallace and eventually became Wallace's running mate.

Lemay was dismayed to find himself attacked in the press as a racial segregationist because he was running with Wallace. He had never considered himself a bigot. When Wallace announced his selection in October 1968, LeMay opined that he, unlike many Americans, clearly did not fear using nuclear weapons. His saber rattling did not help the Wallace campaign.

1968 American Independent Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with George Wallace, lost

Was honored by several countries, receiving the Air Medal with three oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters, the Distinguished Service Cross, Distinguished Service Medal with two oak leaf clusters, the French Légion d'honneur and the Silver Star. On December 7, 1964 the Japanese government conferred on him the First Order of Merit with the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun. He was elected to the Alfalfa Club in 1957 and served as a general officer for 21 years.

Holds honorary doctor of laws degrees from John Carroll University, Kenyon College, the University of Southern California, Creighton University and the University of Akron. He also holds honorary doctor of science degrees from Tufts, Ohio State University and the University of Virginia, and an honorary doctor of engineering degree from Case Institute of Technology. His fraternal organizations include Sigma Tau, Tau Beta Pi and Theta Tau.

 


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:44:05 pm
1968 Continued

Henning Blomen MA Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S. See 1964

George Sam Taylor PA Socialist Labor Party

1946 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor PA, lost

1950 Industrial Government Party candidate Governor PA, lost

1956 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost

1958 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost

1960 Socialist Labor Party candidate Attorney General PA, lost

1962 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor PA, lost

1964 Socialist Labor Party candidate U.S. Senate PA, lost

1966 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor PA, lost

1968 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Henning Blomen, lost

1970 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor PA, lost  
    
Fred Halstead CA Socialist Workers Party

Played a very significant role in the movement against the Vietnam War. Some believe this can be found in his book on the movement, Out Now! He also was a staff writer of The Militant, the publication of the Socialist Workers Party, the main Trotskyist group in the United States.

1968 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Paul Boutelle NY Socialist Workers Party

1968 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Fred Halstead, lost

Also campaigned as a socialist candidate for Mayor of New York City, Mayor of Oakland, California, United States Congress three times, New York State Attorney General in 1966, and Borough President of Manhattan. Was also active in the Freedom Now Party, an all-Black party that existed from 1963 to 1965, and was its unsuccessful candidate for the New York State Senate in Harlem, New York City in 1964

E Harold Munn MI Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1960

Rolland E Fisher KS Prohibition Party

Minister and evangelist who actively promoted the temperance movement

1948-1950 Executive Secretary of the Kansas Prohibition Party

1962-1968 State Chairman of the  Kansas Prohibition Party

1963-1967 Vice Chairman of the Prohibition Party National Committee

1968 Prohibition Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with E Harold Munn, lost

Charlene Mitchell IL Communist Party USA, Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism  

African-American international socialist, feminist, labor and civil rights activist

Formerly a member of the Communist Party USA which she joined at 16, she now belongs to the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism

1968 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

The first African-American woman to run for President of the United States

While Mitchell had long been a Communist Party member, she and other reform-minded people wanted changes. African Americans were unhappy with the leadership of Gus Hall, as they believed he failed to recognize the international Communist Party members' responsibility for problems in the Soviet Union and other European nations. They planned a reform movement and matters came to a head at a convention in December 1991. Many who signed a letter urging reform were purged by Gus Hall from the CPUSA's national committee, including Mitchell, Angela Davis, Kendra Alexander and other African-American leaders. As of 2006 Mitchell is active in the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism (CCDS). It is an independent offshoot of the party.

Mike Zagarell NY Communist Party USA  

1968 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charlene Mitchell, lost

National Youth Director of Communist Party USA at the time of the 1968 election
At age 23, at the time of the 1968 election, he was younger than the constitutionally required age of 35 to hold office

1988 Independent Progressive Line candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 19th District, lost  

Eldridge Cleaver CA Black Panther Party, Peace and Freedom Party, Republican

1966 Joined the Oakland-based Black Panther Party, serving as Minister of Information, or spokesperson

What initially attracted Cleaver to the Panthers as opposed to other prominent groups was their commitment to armed struggle

1968 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Cleaver would not have been the requisite 35 years of age until more than a year after Inauguration Day 1969

1975 Became a born again Christian and subsequently renounced his ultra-radical past

Early 1980s Became disillusioned with what he saw as the commercial nature of mainstream evangelical Christianity

Later led a short-lived revivalist ministry called Eldridge Cleaver Crusades, "a hybrid synthesis of Islam and Christianity he called 'Christlam'"

By the 1980s Had become a conservative Republican, appeared at various Republican events and spoke at a California Republican State Central Committee meeting regarding his political transformation

1984 Candidate for election to Berkeley, CA City Council, lost

1986 Promoted his candidacy in the Republican Party primary for the U.S. Senate CA race, lost

Due to the needs of the state parties of the Peace and Freedom Party to collect signatures, the party fielded several different Vice Presidential nominees in the 1968 election, including Chicago activist Peggy Terry, Chicano activist Rodolfo Gonzales, radical economist Douglas Dowd and Judith Mage, who had been nominated at the national convention

Peggy Terry IL Peace and Freedom Party

Active in the following organizations or movements

Civil Rights Movement

Anti nuclear group Women for Peace

Briefly belonged to Communist Party USA

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)

Marched with Reverend Martin Luther King Jr in Mississippi March Against Fear

Jobs Or Income Now (JOIN)

National Welfare Rights Organization (NWRO)

1968 One of the nominees of the Peace and Freedom party for Vice President U.S. with Eldridge Cleaver, lost

Rodolfo Gonzales CO Peace and Freedom Party  

First achieved national prominence as a prize fighter in the early fifties

When he left the ring, he turned to Democratic politics in his hometown, Denver, CO

A Colorado coordinator of the Viva Kennedy Clubs in 1960, he proceeded to serve in multiple War on Poverty programs and quickly become a “one-man directory of poverty agencies”

Like other barrio leaders of his time, Gonzales lost faith in conventional party politics and founded a separate organization called La Crusada Para la Justicia (The Crusade for Justice)

He hoped to better serve the Denver Mexican community and saw that the future of that community within urban areas, focusing specifically on engaging young people

1968 One of the nominees of the Peace and Freedom Party for Vice President U.S. with Eldridge Cleaver, lost

Douglas Fitzgerald Dowd NY Peace and Freedom Party  

Political economist, economic historian, political activist

Late 1940s to late 1990s Taught at Cornell University, University of California Berkeley and other universities. He has authored books that criticize capitalism in general, and US capitalism in particular

Claims to be "non-religious" without saying if he is an agnostic or atheist. He was a young man during the US Depression years, and lived through and participated in most of the major social and political events over the decades. He was a pilot for the United States during World War II.

1968 One of the nominees of the Peace and Freedom Party for Vice President U.S. with Eldridge Cleaver, lost.  Agreed to be on the ticket in New York in order to prevent the selection of Jerry Rubin.

Judith Mage NY Peace and Freedom Party

1968 One of the nominees of the Peace and Freedom Party for Vice President U.S. with Eldridge Cleaver, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:44:36 pm
1972

Richard Nixon NY Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1968

Spiro Agnew MD Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1968

George McGovern SD Democratic

1943-1945 World War II, United States Army Air Forces, First Lieutenant

1946 Graduated from Dakota Wesleyan University with a B.A. degree magna cum laude

Began divinity studies at Garrett Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois

1947 Enrolled in graduate studies at Northwestern University in Evanston, where he also worked as a teaching assistant. He received an M.A. in history in 1949

1949-1953 Dakota Wesleyan University Professor of history and political science

Nominally a Republican growing up, began to admire Democratic President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during World War II

1952 Heard a radio broadcast of Governor Adlai Stevenson's speech accepting the Presidential nomination of the Democratic Party, immediately dedicated himself to Stevenson's campaign

1953 Left a tenure-track position at Dakota Wesleyan University to become Executive Secretary of the South Dakota Democratic Party

Spent the following years rebuilding and revitalizing the Democratic Party in SD

1954-1956 Served on a political organization advisory group for the Democratic National Committee

Jan 3 1957-Jan 3 1961 U.S. House of Representatives SD

1960 Democratic Party candidate for U.S. Senate SD, lost

Jan 21 1961-Jul 18 1962 Special Assistant to the President and first Ddirector of the Food for Peace program, under President John F Kennedy

Jan 3 1963-Jan 3 1981 U.S. Senate SD

1972 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

When McGovern won the Democratic nomination for President, virtually all of the high profile Democrats, including Senator Ted Kennedy, Senator Walter Mondale, Senator Hubert Humphrey, Senator Edmund Muskie, and Senator Birch Bayh, turned down offers to run on the ticket as the candidate for Vice President. McGovern had been convinced that Kennedy would join the ticket. Kennedy ended up refusing.  Other names mentioned as a potential Vice Presidential nominee were U.S. Representative Wilbur Mills, Senator Abraham Ribicoff, Democratic National Committee Chairman and former U.S. Postmaster General Larry O'Brien, and Governor Reubin Askew.

McGovern campaign manager Gary Hart suggested Boston Mayor Kevin White. McGovern called White, and received "an emphatic yes", but the leader of the Massachusetts delegation, Ken Galbraith, said the Massachusetts delegation would walk out if the announcement was made to the Convention that McGovern had chosen White as his Vice Presidential candidate, as White had backed Muskie during the Massachusetts primary yet, Massachusetts ended up being the only state that McGovern would carry in Electoral College votes on November 7, Election Day.

McGovern then asked Senator Gaylord Nelson to be his running mate. Nelson declined but suggested Thomas Eagleton, whom McGovern ultimately chose, with only a minimal background check. Eagleton made no mention of his earlier hospitalizations, and in fact decided with his wife to keep them secret from McGovern while he was flying to his first meeting with the Presidential nominee.

At McGovern's request, Eagleton withdrew himself as the nominee for Vice President U.S. on Aug 1, 1972  

McGovern then chose diplomat Sargent Shriver of Maryland, brother in law of Edward Kennedy, as the replacement nominee for Vice President U.S.

Post Senate

Began teaching and lecturing at a number of universities in the U.S. and Europe, accepting one-year contracts or less

1981-1982 Replaced historian Stephen Ambrose as a professor at the University of New Orleans

Began making frequent speeches, earning several hundred thousand dollars a year

1984 Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination for President U.S., lost to Walter Mondale

1984 Endorsed Walter Mondale for President

1984 Addressed the Democratic National Convention's party platform committee

1986-1991 Served on board of Middle East Policy Council

1991 Briefly explored another Presidential run for the 1992 Presidential election, deciding against it

1991-1997 President of the Middle East Policy Council

1998-2001 United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture, serving in Rome, Italy, named to the post by President Bill Clinton

2000 The George McGovern–Robert Dole International Food for Education and Nutrition Program was created

2001 Appointed as the first UN Global Ambassador on World Hunger by the World Food Program, the agency he had helped found forty years earlier. He was still active in this Goodwill Ambassador position as of 2011 and remained in it until his death in 2012.

Continued to lecture and make public appearances, sometimes appearing with Dole on college campuses

Was an honorary life member of the board of Friends of the World Food Program

Served as a Senior Policy Advisor at Olsson Frank Weeda, a food and drug regulatory counseling law and lobbying firm in Washington, D.C., where he specialized on issues of food, nutrition, and agriculture

2008 Became an outspoken opponent of the Iraq War

Jan 2008 Wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post calling for the impeachment of President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney

2008 Democratic Party Presidential nomination campaign, he first endorsed Senator Hillary  Clinton and then later switched to Senator Barack Obama after concluding Clinton could no longer win



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:45:06 pm
1972 Continued

Sargent Shriver MD Democratic

=====
A descendant of David Shriver, who signed the Maryland Constitution and Bill of Rights at Maryland's Constitutional Convention of 1776

Father of Bobby Shriver, a member of the Santa Monica CA City Council 2004-2012, serving as Mayor pro tem in 2006 and Mayor during part of 2010

Brother-in-law of John F Kennedy U.S. House of Representatives MA 1947-1953, U.S. Senate MA 1953-1960, President U.S. 1961-1963, of Robert Kennedy U.S. Attorney General 1961-1964,  U.S. Senate NY 1965-1968, of Edward Kennedy U.S. Senate MA 1962-2009.  Sargent Shriver is the husband of Eunice Kennedy Shriver, the Kennedy's sister.

Father-in-law of Arnold Schwarzenegger, Republican Governor of California 2003-2011, husband of his daughter, Maria Shriver
=====
 
1938 Graduated Yale University with bachelor's degree

1941 Graduated Yale Law School with LL.B. degree

1940 An early opponent of American involvement in World War II, was a founding member of the America First Committee, an organization started by a group of Yale law students, also including future U.S. President Gerald Ford and Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart, that tried to keep the United States out of the European war

1941-1945 World War II, United States Navy, reaching rank of Lieutenant

Late 1950s Head of the Chicago School Board and the Catholic Interracial Council. Addressed America's racial conflict by leading successful efforts to integrate Chicago's public and parochial school systems.

1960 When brother in law John F Kennedy ran for President, worked as a political and organization coordinator in the Wisconsin and West Virginia primaries

Founded numerous social programs and organizations, including Head Start, VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action, Upward Bound, Foster Grandparents, Legal Services, the National Clearinghouse for Legal Services, now the Shriver Center, Indian and Migrant Opportunities and Neighborhood Health Services, in addition to directing the Peace Corps. He was active in Special Olympics, founded by his wife Eunice.

1961 Founded the Peace Corps

Mar 22 1961-Feb 28 1966 First Director of the Peace Corps, under John F Kennedy, Lyndon B Johnson
 
After John F Kennedy's assassination in 1963, continued to serve as Director of the Peace Corps and served as Special Assistant to President Lyndon B Johnson. Under Johnson, he created the Office of Economic Opportunity with William B. Mullins and served as its first Director. He is known as the "architect" of the Johnson administration's "War on Poverty".

Oct 16 1964-Mar 22 1968 First Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) under Lyndon B Johnson

Apr 22 1968-Mar 25 1970 U.S. Ambassador to France under Richard Nixon

1972 Chosen as Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. by Democratic Presidential nominee George McGovern after McGovern's pick, Senator Thomas Eagleton of Missouri, resigned from the Democratic ticket following revelations of past mental health treatments

When McGovern won the Democratic nomination for President, virtually all of the high profile Democrats, including Senator Ted Kennedy, Senator Walter Mondale, Senator Hubert Humphrey, Senator Edmund Muskie, and Senator Birch Bayh, turned down offers to run on the ticket as the candidate for Vice President. McGovern had been convinced that Kennedy would join the ticket. Kennedy ended up refusing.  Other names mentioned as a potential Vice Presidential nominee were U.S. Representative Wilbur Mills, Senator Abraham Ribicoff, Democratic National Committee Chairman and former U.S. Postmaster General Larry O'Brien, and Governor Reubin Askew.

1972 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with George McGovern, lost

1976 Unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party nomination for President U.S. His candidacy was short and he returned to private life.

1984 Elected President of Special Olympics by the Board of Directors. As President, he directed the operation and international development of sports programs around the world. Six years later, in 1990, he was appointed Chairman of the Board of Special Olympics.

Thomas Eagleton MO Democratic

=====
Son of Mark Eagleton, a politician who had ran unsuccessfully for Mayor of St. Louis, MO
=====

1948-1949 United States Navy

1950 Graduated from Amherst College Bachelor of Arts degree, a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity, Sigma Chapter

Attended Oxford University

1953 Graduated from Harvard Law School Juris Doctor degree

1957-1961 Circuit Attorney for the City of St. Louis, MO

Jan 9 1961-Jan 11 1965 Attorney General MO

Jan 11 1965-Dec 27 1968 Lieutenant Governor MO

Dec 28 1968-Jan 3 1987 U.S. Senate MO

Jul 13 1972 Original Democratic Party nominee for Vice President U.S. with George McGovern

Between 1960 and 1966, checked himself into the hospital three times for physical and nervous exhaustion, receiving electroconvulsive therapy twice. He was also known to have suffered from depression.  There was speculation and rumors that he as well had a drinking problem.  The hospitalizations were not widely publicized until after his selection as the Democratic Party's candidate for Vice President in 1972.  At McGovern's request, Eagleton withdrew himself as the nominee for Vice President U.S. on Aug 1, 1972.  McGovern ultimately chose diplomat Sargent Shriver of Maryland as the replacement nominee for Vice President U.S.

1974 Reelected to U.S. Senate MO

1980 Reelected to U.S. Senate MO

1986 Did not seek a fourth term for U.S. Senate MO

1987 Returned to Missouri as an attorney, political commentator, and professor at Washington University in St. Louis, where until his death in 2007 he was professor of public affairs

1993-1998 Member of Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board

Served as a member of  Chicago Board of Trade

Jan 2001 Joined other Missouri Democrats to oppose the nomination of Republican former Missouri Attorney General, Missouri Governor, and Missouri U.S. Senator John Ashcroft to become U.S. Attorney General.  Ashcroft was sworn in as U.S. Attorney General Feb 2 2001.
 
2006 Strongly supported Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Claire McCaskill who went on to defeat Republican incumbent Jim Talent

Led a group, Catholics for Amendment 2, composed of prominent Catholics that challenged church leaders' opposition to embryonic stem cell research and to a proposed state constitutional amendment that would have protected such research in Missouri

During the 2000s, served on the Council of Elders for the George and Eleanor McGovern Center for Leadership and Public Service at Dakota Wesleyan University



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:46:02 pm
1972 Continued

John G Schmitz CA Republican, American Independent Party

=====
Father of John P Schmitz, Legislative Aide to Charles W Sandman Jr, Republican member U.S. House of Representatives NJ 1973-1975, Legislative Assistant to Goodloe E Byron, Democratic member U.S. House of Representatives MD 1977, Special Assistant to William Baxter, Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust U.S. Department of Justice 1981-1982, Law Clerk to Judge Antonin Scalia of U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia 1983-1984, Deputy White House Counsel to Vice President George H W Bush 1985-1989, Deputy White House Counsel to President George H W Bush 1989-1993  
    
Father of Joseph E Schmitz, U.S. Department of Defense Inspector General 2002-2005
=====
  
1952 Received B.S. degree from Marquette University Milwaukee

1960 received M.A. degree from California State University Long Beach

1952-1960 Served as a United States Marine Corps jet fighter and helicopter pilot

1960-1983 A Lieutenant Colonel in the United States Marine Corps Reserve

Instructor in philosophy and political science at Santa Ana College

Became active in the John Birch Society

1965-1970 CA State Senate

Jun 30 1970–Jan 3, 1973 U.S. House of Representatives CA

1972 Candidate for U.S. Hosue of Representatives CA in Republican primary, lost to Orange County Tax Assessor Andrew J Hinshaw, who was recruited by Richard Nixon

1972 American Independent Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Schmitz was the replacement candidate for Alabama Governor George Wallace, who had been paralyzed after being shot by a would-be assassin

1979-1982 CA State Senate

1981 John Birch Society stripped him of his membership for "extremism"

1982 Announced plans to run for the Republican nomination for U.S. Senate CA

1984 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives CA in Republican primary, lost

Thomas J Anderson TN American Independent Party, American Party

Attended Vanderbilt University

1934 Received B.A. in economics  

World War II Lieutenant United States Navy

1947 Purchased The Arkansas Farmer, the first of 16 regional farm magazines he acquired and operated as part of Nashville-based Southern Unit Publications, Inc. Other publications, Farm and Ranch Magazine, author of the column Straight Talk

1957 A series of the columns was reprinted in a book, also titled Straight Talk

Later produced a weekly radio program of the same name

Spent much of his life as a speaker, publisher and writer, crusading for conservative causes

Numerous patriotic awards including the Liberty Award of the Congress of Freedom and the Freedom Award of Freedom's Foundation at Valley Forge

1972 American Independent Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John G Schmitz, lost

1976 American Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

Research has not yet determined whether Anderson's home state was Tennessee or Texas at the time of the 1976 election

1978 Ran as the American Party endorsed candidate for the U.S. Senate seat in TN. He appeared on the ballot as an independent due to state law which requires a minimal number of signatures to appear as an independent but requires a full party petition consisting of tens of thousands of signatures to appear on ballot with party label, lost.

Remained active in conservative politics, notably as a council member of the John Birch Society, and was widely popular as a speaker, appearing on various TV and radio programs and delivering more than 1,500 speeches between 1947 and 1994

Linda Jenness GA Socialist Workers Party

1970 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Governor GA

She did not get on the ballot, because to get on, she would have had to collect 88,175 signatures, and the Socialist Workers Party didn't have enough members to collect that many signatures. Jenness, the SWP and two congressional candidates of the party brought a lawsuit, Jenness v. Fortson 403 U.S. 431 (1971), regarding Georgia's ballot access standards, a case about which has been said it "continues to haunt the jurisprudence of ballot access law".

1972 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Aged 31 at time of the election, she did not meet the Constitutional age requirement to hold the office of President, but the SWP was on the ballot in 25 states, six more than in 1968. She qualified for the Ohio ballot but was removed when she could not prove she was 35.

As of September 2010, was still active as supporter of the SWP

Andrew Pulley IL Socialist Workers Party

At the time he ran he was a civil rights movement supporter, steel mill worker and Vietnam War veteran who had opposed the war

1972 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Linda Jenness, lost.  At the time he was twenty years old, making him ineligible under the United States Constitution.

1978 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Mayor of Chicago, IL, lost

1980 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Benjamin Spock CA People's Party

Pediatrician

Attended Phillips Academy and Yale University. Studied literature and history at Yale, and also was active in athletics, becoming a part of the Olympic rowing crew (Men's Eights) that won a gold medal at the 1924 games in Paris. At Yale, was inducted into the senior society Scroll and Key. Attended Yale School of Medicine for two years before shifting to Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, from which he graduated first in his class in 1929.

1962 Joined The Committee for a Sane Nuclear Policy, otherwise known as SANE.

Was politically outspoken and active in the movement to end the Vietnam War.

1967 Was to be nominated as Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Vice Presidential running mate at the National Conference for New Politics over Labor Day weekend in Chicago. According to William F. Pepper's Orders to Kill, however, the conference was broken up by agents provocateurs working for the government.

1968 Signed the “Writers and Editors War Tax Protest” pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War

1972 People's Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

1976 People's Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Margaret Wright, lost to Richard Nixon

1970s and 1980s Demonstrated and gave lectures against nuclear weapons and cuts in social welfare programs

Julius Hobson DC People's Party

A "key early founder" of the D.C. Statehood Party

1971 Ran as a member of the People's Party to be the District of Columbia's delegate to the House of Representatives, lost

1972 People's Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Benjamin Spock, lost

1975-1977 One of the at-large members of the Council of the District of Columbia

1981 The Washington Post revealed that documents in the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) file on Hobson revealed that he had once provided information to the FBI about the black freedom movement

Louis Fisher IL Socialist Labor Party

A political scholar and staunch opponent of the line-item veto

1944 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Secretary of State IL, lost

1948 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor IL, lost

1952 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Governor IL, lost

1956 Socialist Labor Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, Lost

1968 Socialist Labor Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, lost

1970 Socialist Labor Party candidate for U.S. Senate IL, lost

1972 Socialist Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Genevieve Gunderson MN Socialist Labor Party

1972 Socialist Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Louis Fisher, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:46:41 pm
1972 Continued

Gus Hall NY Communist Party USA (CPUSA)

1927 Recruited to the CPUSA by his father

Became an organizer for the Young Communist League (YCL) in the upper Midwest

1931 An apprenticeship in the YCL qualified him to travel to the Soviet Union to study for two years at the International Lenin School in Moscow

1935–1936 Involved in the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and was a founding organizer of the Steel Workers Organizing Committee (SWOC), which was set up by the CIO

Stated that he and others persuaded John L. Lewis, who was one of the founders of CIO, that steel could be organized

1937 A leader of the 1937 “Little Steel” strike, so called because it was directed against Republic Steel, Bethlehem Steel and the Youngstown Sheet and Tube Company, as opposed to the industry giant U.S. Steel
 
1937 Focused on party activities instead of union work, and became the leader of the CPUSA in Youngstown

1939 Became the CPUSA leader for the city of Cleveland

Ran on the CPUSA ticket for Youngstown Councilman and also for Governor of Ohio, but received few votes

During World War II Volunteered for the U.S. Navy when war broke out, serving as a machinist in Guam

During the first years of the war in Europe, the CPUSA held an isolationist stance, as the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany were cooperating based on the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact. When Hitler broke the treaty by invading the USSR in June 1941, the CPUSA began to officially support the war effort. During his naval service, Hall was elected in absence to the National Committee of the CPUSA. He was honorably discharged from the Navy on March 6, 1946.

Seen as a Moscow loyalist, Hall's reputation in the party rose after the war

1946 Elected to the national executive board of the party under the new General Secretary, Eugene Dennis, a pro-Soviet Marxist-Leninist

1948 Rose to the Secretariat of the CPUSA

1959-2000 General Secretary of the National Committee of the Communist Party USA

1964 Presidential election, CPUSA supported Lyndon B. Johnson, saying it was necessary to prevent the victory of the conservative Barry Goldwater

1972 Presidential election, the CPUSA withdrew its support from the Democratic Party
 
1972 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

1976 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

1980 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1984 Communist Party USA candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Jarvis Tyner PA Communist Party USA (CPUSA)

1961 Joined the Communist Party USA

After several years working in various industrial jobs in the Philadelphia area, where he was a member of the Amalgamated Lithographers of America and Teamsters, he moved to New York in 1967 to become the National Chair of the DuBois Clubs of America, and later founding chair of the Young Workers Liberation League
 
1972 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gus Hall, lost

1976 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gus Hall, lost

Has been a public spokesperson for the CPUSA, presenting its positions against racism, imperialism, and war

Has also contributed to the CPUSA's Political Affairs Magazine and its People's World

1984 Assumed office as Executive Vice Chair CPUSA

Evelyn Reed NY Socialist Workers Party

January 1940, she traveled to Mexico to see the exiled Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky and his wife Natalia Sedova. There, at the house of Trotsky in Coyoacán, Reed met the American Trotskyist leader James P. Cannon, leader of the Socialist Workers Party (United States).

Reed joined in the same year, and remained a leading party member until her death in 1979

1960s, 1970s An active participant in the Women's liberation movement

1971 A founding member of the Women’s National Abortion Action Coalition

During these years she spoke and debated on women’s rights in cities throughout the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Ireland, the United Kingdom and France

1972 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

Clifton DeBerry IL Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1964

E Harold Munn MI Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S. See 1960

Marshall Uncapher KS Prohibition Party

1972 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

John G Hospers CA Libertarian Party

Earned advanced degrees from the University of Iowa and Columbia University

Conducted research, wrote, and taught in areas of philosophy, including aesthetics and ethics

Taught philosophy at Brooklyn College and at the University of Southern California, where for many years he was chairman of the philosophy department and professor emeritus

Editor of The Personalist, 1968–1982 and The Monist, 1982–1992, and was a senior editor at Liberty magazine

1972 Libertarian Party candidae for President U.S., lost to Richard Nixon

In the 1972 U.S. Presidential election, Hospers and Theodora Nathan were the first Presidential and Vice Presidential nominees, respectively, of the newly formed Libertarian Party. They received one electoral vote from faithless elector Roger MacBride, a Republican from Virginia, resulting in Nathan becoming the first woman to have received an electoral vote in a United States Presidential election.

Theodora Nathan OR Libertarian Party

1971 Earned a bachelor's degree in journalism from the University of Oregon

Worked as a radio and television producer, produced and occasionally hosted a daily talk show on KVAL-TV (CBS affiliate) in Eugene OR

1972 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John G Hospers, lost

At the first Presidential nominating convention of the Libertarian Party in 1972, Nathan was nominated by the convention delegates to run for Vice President with Presidential candidate John Hospers, chairman of the philosophy department at the University of Southern California. Faithless Republican elector Roger MacBride of Virginia chose to vote for Hospers and Nathan instead of Nixon and Agnew. As a result, Nathan became the first woman and the first Jewish person in American history to have received an electoral vote in a Presidential election.

1976 Consented to have her name placed into nomination for the Libertarian Vice Presidential candidacy in the Presidential election, though she did not actively campaign for the position. Lost nomination to Jim Lewis.

Following her Vice Presidential run, made a series of unsuccessful runs as a Libertarian candidate during the 1970s through the 1990s, for offices including the United States Senate OR and the U.S. House of Representatives OR

1980 Libertarian Party candidate U.S. Senate OR. lost

1990 Libertarian Party candidate U.S. House of Representatives OR, lost

A founding member and former Vice Chair of the Libertarian Party, as well as a founding member and former President of the Association of Libertarian Feminists

Was a speaker at the 2012 Libertarian National Convention, where she also announced Gary Johnson as the 2012 Libertarian Party presidential nominee


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:47:37 pm
1976

Jimmy Carter GA Democratic

=====
Son of James Earl Carter Sr, Sumter County, Georgia, Board of Education, Georgia State House of Representatives 1953  

Cousin of Hugh Carter, Georgia State Senate 1967-1981, succeeding his first cousin President Jimmy Carter

Brother of Billy Carter,  Unsuccessful candidate for Mayor Plains, Georgia 1976

Father of Jack Carter, Unsuccessful candidate for United States Senate Nevada 2006

Grandfather of Jason Carter, Georgia State Senate 2010-2015, unsuccessful candidate for Governor Georgia 2014
=====

Though he had long dreamed of attending the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Carter had to wait for a sponsorship to match the cost. Meanwhile he enrolled at Georgia Southwestern College in Americus. After taking additional mathematics courses at Georgia Tech, he was finally admitted to the Naval Academy in 1943.  Graduated 1946. Graduated 59th out of 820 midshipmen, by his own recollection.

Took some classes at Union College in Schenectady, New York, in early 1953

He had the promise of a distinguished naval career, with eventual promotion to Admiral a possibility

1946-1953 United States Navy, rank of Lieutenant

Started his political career by serving on various local boards, governing such entities as the schools, hospitals, and libraries, among others

Jan 14 1963-Jan 10 1967 GA State Senate

1966 Declined running for re-election as a GA State Senator to pursue a run for Governor GA

1966 Considered running for the United States House of Representatives. His Republican opponent, Howard Callaway, dropped out and decided to run for Governor of Georgia. Carter did not want to see a Republican Governor of his state, and joined the race. He lost the Democratic primary, but drew enough votes as a third-place candidate to force the favorite, liberal former Governor Ellis Arnall, into a runoff election. A chain of events resulted in the nomination of Lester Maddox, a segregationist Democrat. Maddox was elected as Governor of Georgia by the Georgia General Assembly, although he finished a close second in a three-way general election race with Callaway and Arnall, who ran as a write-in candidate. During the primary, Carter ran as a moderate alternative to both the liberal Arnall and conservative Maddox. Although Carter lost, his strong third-place finish was viewed as a success for the little-known State Senator. Returned to his agriculture business and, during the next four years, carefully planned his next campaign for Governor in 1970. He made more than 1,800 speeches throughout the state.

1970 Democratic Party Candidate for Governor GA, elected

Jan 12 1971-Jan 14 1975 Governor GA

1972 Democratic National Convention, endorsed the candidacy of Senator Henry M. Jackson of Washington to become Democratic nominee for President U.S.  Jackson lost nomination to Senator George McGovern of South Dakota.

1976 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1980 Democratic Party candidate for reelection President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Jan 20 1977-Jan 20 1981 39th President U.S.

Post Presidency

Has contributed to the expansion of Habitat for Humanity, to build affordable housing

Has been involved in a variety of national and international public policy, conflict resolution, human rights and charitable causes

1982 Established The Carter Center in Atlanta to advance human rights and alleviate human suffering

Has undertaken several diplomatic missions including to North Korea, the Middle East, Haiti, Cuba, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Vietnam

2002 Received the Nobel Peace Prize, the only U.S. President to have received the award after leaving office

2007 Joined Nelson Mandela in Johannesburg, South Africa, to announce his participation in The Elders, a group of independent global leaders who work together on peace and human rights issues

First Lady of the United States Rosalynn Carter 1977-1981

Attended Georgia Southwestern College.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:48:17 pm
1976 Continued

Walter Mondale MN Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, Democratic

=====
Father of Ted Mondale, MN State Senate 1991-1997, Candidate for Democratic nomination for Governor MN 1998, defeated for nomination, Appointed chairman of the Metropolitan Council in the Cabinet of MN Governor Jesse Ventura 1999, Named chair of the Metropolitan Sports Facilities Commission by MN Governor Mark Dayton 2011, Named CEO of the Minnesota Sports Facilities Authority 2012

Father of William Mondale, an Assistant Hennepin County MN Attorney, Assistant Attorney General MN 1990-2000
=====

1951-1953 United States Army, rank of Corporal

1956 Graduated from University of Minnesota Law School

While at law school served on the Minnesota Law Review and as a law clerk in the Minnesota Supreme Court

1948 Helped organize Hubert Humphrey's successful U.S. Senate MN campaign

1956, 1958 Managed Orville Freeman's successful campaigns for Governor MN

1960 Appointed by Governor Freeman as Minnesota Attorney General following the resignation of Miles Lord, and won the post in his own right in the fall election

Jan 15 1960-Jan 13 1964 Attorney General MN

1960-1964 Served as a member of the President’s Consumer Advisory Council

1964 At Democratic National Convention played a major role in the proposed but ultimately unsuccessful compromise by which the national Democratic Party offered the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party two at-large seats

1964 Appointed by Minnesota Governor Karl Rolvaag to U.S. Senate MN to fill vacancy caused by Hubert Humphrey's resignation after being elected Vice President U.S. Mondale was elected to the Senate for the first time in 1966

Dec 30 1964-Dec 30 1976 U.S. Senate MN

1972 Democratic Presidential candidate George McGovern offered Mondale an opportunity to be his Vice Presidential running mate, which he declined

1972 Re-elected U.S. Senate MN

1976 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Jimmy Carter, elected  

Jan 20 1977-Jan 20 1981 42nd  Vice President U.S. under Jimmy Carter

1980 Democratic Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with Jimmy Carter, lost

1984 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1986-1993 Chairman of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs

Until his appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Japan, was a Distinguished University Fellow in Law and Public Affairs at the Hubert H Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota

1990 Established the Mondale Policy Forum at the Humphrey Institute

Sep  21 1993-Dec 15 1996 U.S. Ambassador to Japan

Chaired a bipartisan group to study campaign finance reform

1998 President Clinton's special envoy to Indonesia

2002 Spoke before the U.S. Senate when he delivered a lecture on his service, with commentary on the transformation of the office of the Vice President during the Carter administration, the Senate cloture rule for ending debate, and his view on the future of the Senate in U.S. political history. The lecture was part of a continuing Senate "Leaders Lecture Series" that ran from 1998 to 2002.

2002 Democratic Party candidate for U.S. Senate MN, to replace Democratic U.S. Senator MN Paul Wellstone who was running for re-election, and died in a plane crash just 11 days before the election. Mondale lost the Senate election, earning him the unique distinction of having lost a statewide election in all 50 states as the nominee of a major party. He lost the other 49 states in the 1984 Presidential election running as the Democratic Party Presidential candidate against incumbent President Republican Ronald Reagan.

2004 Became Co-chairman of the Constitution Project's bipartisan Right to Counsel Committee

2008 Endorsed Senator Hillary Clinton of New York for President U.S. and supported her campaign for the Democratic Party nomination for President U.S.

Jun 3 2008, following the final primary contests, Mondale switched his endorsement to Senator Barack Obama of Illinois, who had clinched the nomination the previous evening

Second Lady of the United States Joan Mondale 1977-1981

Graduated from Macalester College in St. Paul with a bachelor's degree in history 1952.


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:49:49 pm
1976 Continued

Gerald Ford MI Republican

=====
Father of John Ford, 1996, as a veteran of six Republican National Conventions, was asked to serve as executive director of the host committee for the Republican National Convention in San Diego, California
=====

1935 Graduated from University of Michigan with Bachelor of Arts degree in economics

Following his graduation he turned down contract offers from the Detroit Lions and Green Bay Packers of the National Football League to take a coaching position at Yale and apply to its law school

Spent summer of 1937 as a student at University of Michigan Law School and was eventually admitted in spring 1938 to Yale Law School. Ford earned his LL.B. degree in 1941, later amended to Juris Doctor, graduating from Yale in the top 25 percent of his class.

Admitted to Michigan bar shortly thereafter

May 1941 opened a Grand Rapids law practice with a friend, Philip W. Buchen, who would later serve as his White House counsel

Ford's introduction to politics came in the summer of 1940 when he worked in Republican Presidential nominee Wendell Willkie's Presidential campaign

While attending Yale Law School, joined a group of students and signed a petition to enforce the 1939 Neutrality Act. The petition was circulated nationally and was the inspiration for the America First Committee, a group determined to keep the U.S. out of World War II.

1942-1946 World War II United States Navy, rank of Lieutenant Commander

Jan 3 1949-Dec 6 1973 U.S. House of Representatives MI

Early 1950s Declined offers to run for both the U.S. Senate and the Michigan Governorship, rather, his ambition was to become Speaker of the House

November 1963 Appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to The President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy, known as the Warren Commission

Jan 3 1963-Jan 3 1965 Chairman of the U.S. House Republican Conference

Jan 3 1965-Dec 6 1973 U.S. House Minority Leader

Aug 21 1972-Aug 23 1972 Chairperson for the Republican National Convention

Oct 10 1973 Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns from office and pleads no contest to criminal charges of tax evasion while Governor of Maryland

Oct 12 1973 Gerald Ford nominated by President Richard Nixon as Vice President U.S., the first time the Vice Presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented

Nov 27 1973 U.S. Senate votes 92 to 3 to confirm Ford Vice President U.S.
 
Dec 6 1973 U.S. House of Representatives votes 387 to 35 to confirm Ford Vice President U.S.

One hour after the confirmation vote in the House, Ford takes the oath of office as Vice President U.S., becoming the first unelected Vice President U..S. Sworn into office by Chief Justice Warren Burger.

Dec 6 1973-Aug 9 1974 40th Vice President U.S.
 
Aug 1 1974 White House Chief of Staff Alexander Haig contacts Ford telling him that President Nixon would either be impeached or would resign
 
Aug 9 1974 President Nixon resigns as President U.S.

Ford assumes the Presidency, making him the only person to assume the Presidency without having been previously voted into either the Presidential or Vice Presidential office. Sworn into office by Chief Justice Warren Burger.

Aug 9 1974-Jan 20 1977 38th President U.S.

Aug 20 1974 Ford nominates former New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller for Vice President U.S., the second time the Vice Presidential vacancy provision of the 25th Amendment had been implemented

Sep 8 1974 Issues Proclamation 4311, which gave former President Nixon a full and unconditional pardon for any crimes he might have committed against the United States while President

Sep 5 1975 Sacramento, California, assassination attempt on Ford by  Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of cult leader Charles Manson

Sep 22 1975 Sacramento, California, assassination attempt on Ford by Sara Jane Moore,  a volunteer bookkeeper for People In Need (PIN), also functioned as an FBI informant

1976 Republican Party candidate for President U.S. Defeated Ronald Reagan for Republican Presidential nomination. Ford lost Presidential election to Jimmy Carter.

Post Presidency

1977 Became President of Eisenhower Fellowships in Philadelphia then served as its Chairman of the board of trustees from 1980 to 1986

1977 Established the Gerald R. Ford Institute of Public Policy at Albion College in Albion, Michigan, to give undergraduates training in public policy

1980 Considered a run for the Republican Presidential nomination, foregoing numerous opportunities to serve on corporate boards.  Decided not to seek the nomination.

1980 After securing the Republican Presidential nomination, Ronald Reagan considered former President Gerald Ford as a potential Vice Presidential running mate, but negotiations between the Reagan and Ford camps at the Republican National Convention were unsuccessful. Ford conditioned his acceptance on Reagan's agreement to an unprecedented "Co-Presidency", giving Ford the power to control key executive branch appointments, such as Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State and Alan Greenspan as  Secretary of the Treasury. After rejecting these terms, Reagan offered the Vice Presidential nomination instead to George H.W. Bush.  Ford appeared in a campaign commercial for Reagan and Bush.

2001 Former Presidents Ford and Carter served as honorary co-chairs of the National Commission on Federal Election Reform

2002 Former Presidents Ford and Carter served as honorary co-chairs of the Continuity of Government Commission

Like Presidents Carter, George H.W. Bush, and Clinton, Ford was an honorary co-chair of the Council for Excellence in Government

Second Lady of the United States Betty Ford 1973-1974

First Lady of the United States Betty Ford 1974-1977

1936 Attended the Bennington School of Dance in Bennington, Vermont, for two summers, where she studied under director Martha Hill with choreographers Martha Graham and Hanya Holm, after being accepted by Graham as a student.

After Gerald Ford's defeat by Jimmy Carter in the 1976 Presidential election, she delivered her husband's concession speech because he had lost his voice while campaigning.

In 1978, the Ford family staged an intervention and forced Betty Ford to confront her alcoholism and an addiction to opioid analgesics. She went into treatment for substance abuse.

In 1982, after her recovery, she established the Betty Ford Center (initially called the Betty Ford Clinic) in Rancho Mirage, California, for the treatment of chemical dependency, including treating the children of alcoholics. She served as chair of the board of directors. 1987 she co-authored with Chris Chase a book about her treatment, Betty: A Glad Awakening. In 2003, Ford produced another book, Healing and Hope: Six Women from the Betty Ford Center Share Their Powerful Journeys of Addiction and Recovery. In 2005, Ford relinquished her chair of the center's board of directors to her daughter Susan. She had held the top post at the center since its founding.

Betty Ford continued to be an active leader and activist of the feminist movement after the Ford administration.

1991 Was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George H.W. Bush and a Congressional Gold Medal in 1999

Bob Dole KS Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. see 1996


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:50:35 pm
1976 Continued

Nelson Rockefeller NY Republican

=====
Grandson of John D Rockefeller Sr, Noted oil industry business magnate and philanthropist. He is widely considered the wealthiest American of all time, and the richest person in modern history.

Son of John D Rockefeller II, known as Jr, Noted American financier and philanthropist

Brother of John D Rockefeller III, Noted philanthropist  

Brother of Laurance Rockefeller, Noted philanthropist, businessman, financier, conservationist

Brother of Winthrop Rockefeller, Named by AR Governor Orval Faubus to Arkansas Industrial Development Commission, now Arkansas Economic Development Commission 1955, AR Republican National Committeeman 1961-1964, candidate for Governor AR 1964, defeated, Governor AR 1967-1971, becoming first Republican elected Governor AR since 1872, candidate for reelection Governor AR 1970, defeated

Brother of David Rockefeller, Served as chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation, and in a private capacity, has interfaced with every United States President since Eisenhower. Has at times served as an unofficial emissary on high-level diplomatic missions. Initially served as a secretary to New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, then became assistant regional director of the U.S. Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services.

Uncle of John D Rockefeller IV, known as Jay, who became a Democrat in 1966, Member WV House of Delegates 1966-1968, Secretary of State WV 1969-1973, Candidate for Governor WV 1972, defeated, Governor WV 1977-1985, U.S. Senate WV 1985-2015.  Married to Sharon Percy, daughter of U.S. Senator for IL Republican Chuck Percy.  

Uncle of Winthrop Paul Rockefeller, AR State Police Commission 1981-1995, appointed by President George H W Bush to serve on the President’s Council on Rural America and was elected chairman, Lieutenant Governor AR 1996-2006

Grandson of Nelson W Aldrich, Providence RI City Council 1869-1874, President Providence RI City Council 1872-1873, RI State House of Representatives 1875-1876, Speaker RI State House of Representatives 1876, U.S. House of Representatives RI 1879-1881, U.S. Senate RI 1881-1911, Chairman National Monetary Commission 1908-1912

Nephew of Richard S Aldrich, RI State House of Representatives 1914-1916, RI State Senate 1916-1918, U.S. House of Representatives RI 1923-1933  
=====

1930 Graduated cum laude with A.B. (Bachelor of Arts degree) in economics from Dartmouth College

Following graduation worked in a number of family-related businesses, including Chase National Bank, later Chase Manhattan, 1931, Rockefeller Center, Inc., joining Board of Directors 1931, serving as President, 1938–1945, 1948–1951, Chairman, 1945–1953, 1956–1958, and Creole Petroleum, the Venezuelan subsidiary of Standard Oil of New Jersey, 1935–1940.  1932-1979 served as a trustee of the Museum of Modern Art. Served as Treasurer, 1935–1939, President, 1939–1941, 1946–1953. He and his four brothers established the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, a philanthropy, in 1940. Served as trustee, 1940–1975, 1977–1979, President 1956.

1933-1953 Member Westchester County, NY Board of Health

1940 Appointed by President Roosevelt to new position of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs (CIAA) in the Office of Inter-American Affairs (OIAA)
 
Dec 20 1944-Aug 17 1945 Assistant Secretary of State for American Republic Affairs under Presidents Roosevelt and Truman

1945 Member U.S. delegation at United Nations Conference on International Organization at San Francisco.  Instrumental in persuading the UN to establish its headquarters in New York City.

1945-1953, 1956-1958 Chairman Rockefeller Center, Inc

1946 Established American International Association for Economic and Social Development (AIA)
 
1947 Established International Basic Economy Corporation (IBEC)

Intermittently served as President of both through 1958

1950  Appointed by President Truman Chairman International Development Advisory Board

1952 President-Elect Eisenhower asked Rockefeller to Chair the President's Advisory Committee on Government Organization to recommend ways of improving efficiency and effectiveness of the executive branch of the federal government. Recommendations led to creation of Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

Jun 11 1953-Dec 22 1954 Under Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under Eisenhower

1954 Appointed Special Assistant to the President for Foreign Affairs (sometimes referred to as Special Assistant to the President for Psychological Warfare). As part of this responsibility named the President's representative on Operations Coordinating Board, a committee of the National Security Council.

Mar 1955 Proposed creation of Planning Coordination Group, a small high level group that would plan and develop national security operations, both overt and covert. The group consisted of  Undersecretary of State, Deputy Secretary of Defense, director of the CIA, and Special Assistant Rockefeller as chairman. The group's purpose was to oversee CIA operations and other anti-communist actions. However, State Department officials and CIA Director Allen Dulles refused to cooperate with the group and its initiatives were stymied or ignored. In Sep Rockefeller recommended the abolishment of the PCG, and in Dec resigned as Special Assistant to the President.

1956 Created Special Studies Project, a major seven-panel planning group directed by Henry Kissinger and funded by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, of which he was then President. It was an ambitious study created to define the central problems and opportunities facing the U.S. in the future, and to clarify national purposes and objectives. The reports were published individually as they were released and were republished together in 1961 as Prospect for America: The Rockefeller Panel Reports.

The Special Studies Project came into national prominence with the early release of its military subpanel's report, whose principal recommendation was a massive military buildup to counter a then perceived military superiority threat posed by the USSR. The report was released two months after the Oct 1957 launch of Sputnik, and its recommendations were fully endorsed by Eisenhower in his Jan 1958 State of the Union address.

1956 Resigned federal service to focus on NY state and national politics

Sep 1956-Apr 1958 Chaired  Temporary State Commission on Constitutional Convention, Chairmanship of Special Legislative Committee on Revision and Simplification of the Constitution

1958, 1962, 1966, 1970 Republican Party candidate Governor NY, elected

Jan 1 1959–Dec 18 1973 Governor NY

1960 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Richard Nixon. After quitting the campaign, Rockefeller backed Nixon, and concentrated his efforts on introducing more moderate planks into Nixon's platform. Consequently, The Treaty of Fifth Avenue, an agreement reached between U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller was worked out at Rockefeller's Fifth Avenue apartment in New York City in July 1960.

1960 Asked by Republican nominee for President U.S. Richard Nixon to become Vice Presidential nominee, declined

1964 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Barry Goldwater

1967 Publicly supported MI Governor George Romney for Republican Presidential nomination

Feb 28 1968 Romney withdraws from race for Republican Presidential nomination

1968 Rather than formally announce his candidacy and enter the state primaries, Rockefeller spent first half of 1968 alternating between hints that he would run, and pronouncements that he would not be a candidate. Shortly before the Republican convention, Rockefeller finally let it be known he was available to be the nominee, and sought to round up uncommitted delegates and woo reluctant Nixon delegates to his banner, armed with public opinion polls that showed him doing better among voters than either Nixon or Reagan against Democratic Presidential nominee Vice President Hubert Humphrey. Nixon easily defeated both Reagan and Rockefeller.

1969 At request of President Nixon, Rockefeller and a team of 23 advisors visited 20 American republics during four trips to solicit opinions of U.S. inter-American policies and to determine the needs and conditions of each country

1973-1976 President Nixon appointed Rockefeller chairman of the National Commission on Water Quality, charged with determining the technological, economic, social and environmental implications of meeting water quality standards mandated by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972

Oct 10 1973 Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns from office and pleads no contest to criminal charges of tax evasion while Governor of Maryland

Nov 1973 Worked with former Delaware Governor Russell W. Peterson to establish Commission on Critical Choices for Americans

Dec 18 1973 Resigned as Governor NY to work at the Commission on Critical Choices for Americans

Nov 1973-Dec 1974 Chairman Commission on Critical Choices for Americans



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:51:12 pm
1976 Continued

Nelson Rockefeller Continued

1974 Was initially mentioned and reportedly considered running for President for a fourth time in 1976, if Ford declined to seek his own term

Following President Nixon's resignation as President Aug 9, 1974, Vice President Ford became President. President Ford nominated Rockefeller Aug 20, 1974 to serve as Vice President U.S. Rockefeller's top competitors had been George H W Bush and Donald Rumsfeld.

This was not the first time that Rockefeller was under consideration to fill the Vice Presidential vacancy. He was on President Nixon's short list to replace Spiro Agnew in 1973 but the Vice Presidency ultimately went to Gerald Ford. If Rockefeller had been confirmed as Vice President as Nixon's nominee, Rockefeller would have become President upon Nixon's resignation. Rockefeller had earlier declined the opportunity of serving as Vice President when he spurned Nixon's offer to join him as running mate in the 1960 Presidential election.

While acknowledging that many conservatives opposed Rockefeller, Ford believed he would bring executive expertise to the administration and broaden the ticket's appeal if they ran in 1976. Ford also felt he could demonstrate his own self-confidence by selecting a strong personality like Rockefeller for the number two spot.

Rockefeller was also persuaded by Ford's promise to make him "a full partner" in his Presidency, especially in domestic policy

Dec 19 1974 Sworn in as Vice President U.S., becoming the second unelected Vice President of the United States after Gerald Ford. Sworn into office by Chief Justice Warren Burger.

Dec 19, 1974–Jan 20, 1977 41st Vice President U.S. under Gerald Ford

With the moderate Ford facing continued difficulty in securing the support of conservative Republicans for the 1976 Presidential nomination, and anticipating a challenge from the conservative Ronald Reagan, he considered the possibility of another running mate, and discussed it with Rockefeller. In November, 1975, Rockefeller offered to withdraw. Ford eventually concurred.

After Ford was nominated at the 1976 Republican National Convention, Ronald Reagan, Barry Goldwater, and other prominent conservatives conditioned their support for Ford on his selection of a suitable Vice Presidential nominee. Ford considered several candidates, including moderate-to-liberal Republicans such as William Ruckelshaus, and moderate-to-conservative Republicans including Senator Robert Dole, and eventually decided upon Dole as the most acceptable to conservatives.

As of 2012, Ford is the last incumbent President to not have his incumbent Vice President as his running mate

1976 Rockefeller campaigned actively for the Republican ticket. Ford lost narrowly to Jimmy Carter.

Jan 10 1977, President Ford presented Rockefeller with the Presidential Medal of Freedom

Second Lady of the United States Happy Rockefeller 1974-1977

Was a great-great-granddaughter of Union General George Gordon Meade, the commander at the Battle of Gettysburg, and his wife Margaretta Sergeant, daughter of politician John Sergeant.

Eugene McCarthy MN Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party, Independent, Democratic

Graduated from Saint John's Preparatory School, Collegeville, Minnesota in 1931. Was a 1935 graduate of Saint John's University in Collegeville, Minnesota. Earned his master's degree from the University of Minnesota in 1939.

Taught in various public schools in Minnesota and North Dakota from 1935 to 1940, when he became a professor of economics and education at St. John's, working there from 1940 to 1943

1944 Civilian technical assistant in the Military Intelligence Division of War Department

1946-1949 An instructor in sociology and economics at the College of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minnesota

Jan 3 1949–Jan 3 1959 U.S. House of Representatives MN

Jan 3 1959-Jan 3 1971 U.S. Senate MN

1964 Met with Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara in New York City to discuss repairing relations between the U.S. and Cuba

1968 Presidential election was the first candidate to challenge incumbent Lyndon B. Johnson for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States, running on an anti-Vietnam War platform. The unexpected vote total he achieved in the New Hampshire primary and his strong polling in the upcoming Wisconsin primary led Johnson to withdraw from the race, and lured Robert F. Kennedy into the contest. Fellow Minnesotan US Vice President Hubert Humphrey also entered the race after Johnson's withdrawal.  Vice President Hubert Humphrey would go on to win the Democratic Presidential nomination.
 
Although McCarthy did not win the Democratic nomination, the anti-war "New Party", which ran several candidates for President that year, listed him as their nominee on the ballot in Arizona, and he was a write-in candidate in California

The Vice Presidential running mate for McCarthy varied from state to state

1972 Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to George McGovern

After the 1972 campaign, left the Democratic Party and became an Independent

1976 Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

The Vice Presidential running mate for McCarthy varied from state to state

1980 Dismayed by what he saw as the abject failure of the Jimmy Carter Presidency, appeared in a campaign ad for Libertarian candidate Ed Clark, and also wrote the introduction to Clark's campaign book. Eventually endorsed Republican candidate Ronald Reagan for the Presidency.

1982 Ran for Democratic Party nomination U.S Senate MN, lost

1988 Name appeared on the ballot as the Presidential candidate of a handful of left-wing state parties, such as the Consumer Party in Pennsylvania and the Minnesota Progressive Party in Minnesota

1992 Returned to Democratic Party, entered the New Hampshire primary and campaigned for the Democratic Presidential nomination, lost to Bill Clinton

Florence Rice NY Independent

1960s Founder of the Harlem Consumer Education Council, Inc. It is a private, non-profit, consumer advocacy organization, established to address issues of poverty, neglect, and exploitation confronting poor and low-income citizens in New York City's Harlem community.

Was an early champion for abortion rights for women

Worked as a domestic seamstress

Became a member of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union

1962 Participated in a congressional hearing held by Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., which probed discriminatory union policies and practices towards African Americans and Latinos. Testified regarding the situation in the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union.

Was a member of ILGWU Local 155

The Harlem Consumer Education Council waged boycotts and picket lines against many Harlem grocery stories that would not hire African Americans. Rice also challenged corporations that discriminated against African Americans. One of her biggest victories was against the New York State Public Service Commission, which was forced to stop charging low-income residents pre-installation fees.

Organized Harlem housewives to check store prices and products

A Board Director member for the Consumer Federation of America

In the early days of the women’s movement, Rice was a long-time friend and activist associate of Florynce Kennedy

1970s Rice was appointed Special Consultant to the Consumer Advisory Council of the Federal Reserve Board

Has taught consumer education at Malcolm-King Harlem College

1975 Was an Official Member of the United States Delegation to the World Congress of the International Women's Year in Berlin

1976  Was a representative to the United Nations Congress of Non-Governmental Organizations

1976 One of the candidates for Vice President U.S. who ran with Independent Presidential candidate Eugene McCarthy, lost

I990s Was the initiator for the creation of the Bell Atlantic Technology Center in Harlem. The Center's focus was getting the latest technology in the hands of students, senior citizens, and the community.

1998 Rice, and other community activists in New York City challenge Reverend Calvin Butts' endorsement of George Pataki for Governor

1999 Rice, community activists, and Con Edison workers protested outside of Con Edison annual shareholders' meeting at Madison Square Garden protesting the shutting down of customer service office in Harlem

2000s Again confronted social justice issues, when her apartment was gutted. States that her apartment was gutted under the guise of renovating it, and trying to force her out of her apartment. Her apartment was destroyed.

Nov 26, 2004, in New York, a bill was put in place, and a Proclamation given to Ms. Florence Rice. The bill was named in her honor. Her battle with landlords set off many demonstrations and brought awareness to unwarranted evictions of elderly citizens.

2014 Launched the War on Seniors Campaign. This campaign is a six-month campaign, whereas every year from April to October efforts are made to address issues that relate to senior citizens.

Hosts a weekly show 30 Minutes With Florence Rice on Manhattan Neighborhood Network

Is the recipient of the following awards

Lane Bryant Award for volunteer Service
Sojourner Truth Award
Ophelia DeVore Award for Community Service
National Urban League Frederick Douglass Award
Consolidated Edison Better Business Award
Josephine Shaw Lowell Award
New York Consumer Assembly Prestigious Special Award
Harold C. Burton Republican Club's 1977 Woman of the Year Award

Jun 29 2006 Was interviewed and became a part of The HistoryMakers





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:51:47 pm
1976 Continued

Roger MacBride VT Republican, Libertarian Party, Republican

Graduate of Princeton University and Harvard Law School

Published two books on constitutional law - The American Electoral College and Treaties versus the Constitution, as well as a Libertarian Party manifesto - A New Dawn for America: The Libertarian Challenge

1962 Elected to VT House of Representatives, served one term

1964 Running as a Goldwater Republican, candidate for Republican Party nomination for Governor VT, lost

1972 Treasurer of Republican Party of Virginia

1972 One of Republican Party's electors when Richard Nixon won reelection as President U.S.

1972 MacBride, however, as a "faithless elector", voted for the nominees of the Libertarian Party, Presidential candidate John Hospers and Vice Presidential candidate Tonie Nathan. In so doing, MacBride made Nathan the first woman in U.S. history to receive an electoral vote.

1976 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

1980s Rejoined Republican Party and helped establish Republican Liberty Caucus, a group promoting libertarian principles within the Republican Party

1992-1995 Chair of Republican Liberty Caucus

David Berglund CA Libertarian Party

1974 Libertarian Party candidate as a write-in for Attorney General CA, lost

1976 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Roger MacBride, lost

1977-1981 National Chair Libertarian Party

1978 Libertarian Party candidate CA State Senate, lost

1980 Libertarian Party candidate U.S. Senate, lost

1984 Libertarian Party candidate President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan  

1998-2000 National Chair Libertarian Party

2000 Managed Libertarian Presidential campaign of candidate Harry Browne

Author of the book Libertarianism in One Lesson

Jan 20 2006 Endorsed Free State Project

Lester Maddox GA Democratic, American Independent Party, Democratic

1957 Candidate for Mayor Atlanta, GA, lost

1961 Candidate for Mayor Atlanta, GA, lost

1962 Candidate for Lieutenant Governor GA, lost

Jan 11 1967-Jan 12 1971 Governor GA

Jan 12 1971-Jan 14 1975 Lieutenant Governor GA

1976 American Independent Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

1983 After Korean Air Lines Flight 007 was shot down with U.S. Representative Larry McDonald aboard, a special election was held to fill his seat in Congress. Lester Maddox stated his intention to run for the seat if McDonald's wife, Kathryn McDonald, did not. But Kathryn McDonald decided to run, and Maddox stayed out of the race; however, she lost to Democrat George "Buddy" Darden.

1990 Candidate for Democratic nomination for Governor GA, lost

1992 Endorsed populist Republican Patrick Buchanan for President

1996 Endorsed populist Republican Patrick Buchanan for President

2001 Last public speech was in Atlanta in 2001 at the annual national conference of the Council of Conservative Citizens

William Dyke WI Republican, American Independent Party, Republican

Lawyer and Judge

Received bachelor's degree from DePauw University Indiana

Graduated with law degree from University of Wisconsin Law School

1969-1973 Mayor Madison, WI

1973 Candidate for reelection Mayor Madison, WI, lost

1974 Republican Party candidate Governor WI, lost

1976 American Independent Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Lester Maddox, lost

Moderated Face the State, a local political news program modeled after the nationally televised Face the Nation. The program included interviews with political luminaries such as Richard Nixon, Hubert Humphrey, Gerald Ford, and John F. Kennedy.

Chief Judge of the circuit court in Iowa County, Wisconsin

Thomas J Anderson TN or TX American Party candidate for President U.S. See 1972

Rufus Shackelford FL American Party

Owned his own plane and promised to spend lavishly on behalf of the American Party ticket

Operating extensively in California, Florida and Texas, Shackelford was believed to be the largest tomato grower in the United States

1976 American Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas J Anderson, lost

Peter Camejo CA Socialist Workers Party, Green Party, Independent, Reform Party

Entered the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, involving himself increasingly in left-wing politics

Later he studied history at the University of California, Berkeley, where he won election to student council

His participation in a protest of the Vietnam War in 1967 led to his suspension from the university for "using an unauthorized microphone"

Governor Ronald Reagan deemed Camejo one of California's ten most dangerous citizens due to his presence at anti-war protests

He also participated in one of the Selma civil rights marches

Branch organizer Socialist Workers Party, a Trotskyist party

1976 Socialist Workers Party candidate President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

The SWP's policy was to turn its members into "proletarians" by having them take jobs in factories and advocate for a worker-based class struggle

By 1980 Camejo came to disagree with this policy in favor of democratic socialism, and the SWP expelled him

1992 Committed $20,000 of his own money toward establishing the Progressive Alliance of Alameda County, an organizational effort that failed to sustain itself

2002 Green Party candidate Governor CA, lost

2003 Green Party candidate Governor CA in Gubernatorial recall election, lost

2004 Elected as one of California's delegates to the National Committee of the Green Party and established the GDI, "Greens for Democracy and Independence," a cadre group within the larger Green Party of California that ran candidates for local Green County Councils, another organizational effort that failed to sustain itself

2004 Independent candidate and Reform Party candidate  for Vice President U.S. with Ralph Nader as the candidate for President, lost. Camejo and Nader were rejected as nominees of the Green Party.

2005 At the Green Party National Convention, stated that he would not be a candidate for President in 2008

2006 Green Party candidate Governor CA, lost

In the run-up to the June 6, 2006, primary elections in CA, Camejo helped create Green IDEA (later known as IDEA PAC), a California political action committee espousing "Independence, Democracy, Empowerment, and Accountability," to support candidates for county councils, the locally elected leadership bodies of the Green Party of California. The IDEA PAC was not raising or spending money as of 2010.

2008 Attended the convention of the Peace and Freedom Party in order to personally endorse Ralph Nader's Presidential candidacy

Willie Mae Reid IL Socialist Workers Party

1975 Socialist Workers Partty candidate for Mayor Chicago, IL, lost

1976 Socialist Workers Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Peter Camejo, lost

1992 Socialist Workers Party candidate Vice President U.S. with  James Warren, lost

Gus Hall NY Communist Party USA Candidate for President U.S. See 1972

Jarvis Tyner PA Communist Party USA Candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1972

Margaret Wright CA People's Party

Community activist in Los Angeles, CA

Shipyard worker during World War II, and one of the principals of the film The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter

1976 People's Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

Their ticket was also endorsed by the Peace and Freedom Party

Was a founder and activist of Women Against Racism in the Watts section of Los Angeles

Banjamin Spock CA People's Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1972

Lyndon LaRouche NY U.S. Labor Party, Democratic (Since 1979)

Attended Northeastern University in Boston and left in 1942. He later wrote that his teachers "lacked the competence to teach me on conditions I was willing to tolerate"

As a Quaker, he was a conscientious objector (CO) during World War II, and joined a Civilian Public Service camp

1944 joined the United States Army as a non-combatant and served in India and Burma with medical units

Ultimately worked as an ordnance clerk at the end of the war. He described his decision to serve as one of the most important of his life. He developed sympathy for the Indian Independence movement.  

1949 Joined the Socialist Workers Party (SWP)

1968 Organized the National Caucus of Labor Committees (NCLC)

1973 Founded U.S. Labor Party

1976 U.S. Labor Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

From the autumn of 1979, the LaRouche movement conducted most of its U.S. electoral activities as the National Democratic Policy Committee (NDPC), a political action committee. The name drew complaints from the Democratic Party's Democratic National Committee. Democratic Party leaders refused to recognize LaRouche as a party member, or to seat the few delegates he received in his seven primary campaigns as a Democrat.

1980 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

1984 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Walter Mondale

March 1986, Mark Fairchild and Janice Hart, LaRouche National Democratic Policy Committee candidates, won the Democratic primaries in Illinois for Lieutenant Governor and for Illinois Secretary of State, respectively, bringing LaRouche national attention

The Democratic gubernatorial candidate, Adlai Stevenson III, withdrew his nomination as the Democratic Party candidate rather than run on the same slate as LaRouche candidates

Stevenson instead ran for Governor, unsuccessfully, as the candidate of the Solidarity Party, a party founded by Stevenson in 1986 for this purpose  

1988 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Michael Dukakis

1992 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1996 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

2000 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Al Gore

2004 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to John Kerry

R Wayne Evans MI U.S. Labor Party

1974 Labor Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor MI, lost  

1976 U.S. Labor Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Lyndon LaRouche, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:52:32 pm
1980

Ronald Reagan CA Democratic until 1962, Republican 1962-2004

=====
Father of Maureen Reagan, who was the first daughter of a President to run for political office, but both of her attempts at election ended in defeat, ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate from California in 1982, losing to Pete Wilson, served as co-chair of the Republican National Committee, was head of the 1985 U.S. delegation to the United Nations Decade for Women conference in Kenya, ran unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the U.S. House of Representatives for California's 36th congressional district in 1992

Father-in-law of David G. Sills, who was married 1964 to 1968 to Reagan's daughter Maureen Reagan, was a member of the Republican State Central Committee of California from 1966 to 1968 and Chairman of the Republican Associates of Orange County from 1968 to 1969, was an elected member of the Irvine City Council between 1976 and 1985, serving as Mayor for four years during that period, was the Irvine Health Foundation's founding Chairman and remained so for 26 years, Judge, Orange County Superior Court 1985-1990, Presiding Justice, Court of Appeal, 4th District, Division 3, 1990-2011
=====

1932 Graduated from Eureka College, majored in economics and sociology, elected student body president

1932-1937 Radio broadcaster

1937-1945 United States Army Air Forces, rank of Captain

1937-1964 Movie acting career

1941 Elected to the Board of Directors of the Screen Actors Guild (SAG), serving as an alternate

1946 Following World War II, resumed service with SAG and became 3rd Vice President

1947 Nominated in a special election for the position of President of SAG and subsequently elected

1947-1952 , 1959 President of SAG.  There was talk of Reagan running for President of the AFL itself.  

Reagan was the only President of  the U.S. to also be President of a labor union

Led SAG through eventful years that were marked by labor-management disputes, the Taft-Hartley Act, House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) hearings and the Hollywood blacklist era

Late 1940s Reagan and his wife, actress Jane Wyman, provided the FBI with names of actors within the motion picture industry whom they believed to be communist sympathizers

Testified before the House Un-American Activities Committee on the subject as well.  A fervent anti-communist, he reaffirmed his commitment to democratic principles.

Began political career as a Democrat and, in Dec 1945, was only prevented from leading an anti-nuclear rally in Hollywood by pressure from Warner Bros. studio

Early 1950s, As his relationship with Republican actress Nancy Davis grew, shifted to the right and, while remaining a Democrat, endorsed the Presidential candidacies of Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952 and 1956 as well as Richard Nixon in 1960. The last time Reagan actively supported a Democratic candidate was in 1950 when he helped Helen Gahagan Douglas in her unsuccessful U.S. Senate CA campaign against Richard Nixon.

1950, 1952-1954, 1956, 1960-1965 Television shows host and television shows appearances  

Aug 1962 Formally switched to Republican Party

Joined the National Rifle Association and would become a lifetime member

1964 Endorsed conservative Republican candidate Barry Goldwater for President U.S.

Oct 27 1964 Delivered his "A Time for Choosing" speech, which later became known as "The Speech", raised $1 million for Goldwater's campaign, and is considered the event that launched Reagan's political career

Late 1965 Announced his candidacy for 1966 election for Governor CA

1966 Elected Governor CA

Accomplished in 1966 what US Senator William F Knowland in 1958 and former Vice President Richard M Nixon in 1962 had tried and failed to do, Reagan was elected, defeating two-term Democratic Governor Edmund G "Pat" Brown

Jan 2 1967-Jan 6 1975 Governor CA

1967 Shortly after the beginning of his first term as Governor, Reagan tested the Presidential waters in 1968 as part of a "Stop Nixon" movement, hoping to cut into Nixon's Southern support and be a compromise candidate if neither Nixon, former Vice President U.S., nor second-place Nelson Rockefeller, Governor of New York, received enough delegates to win on the first ballot at the Republican National Convention. However, by the time of the convention, Nixon had more than enough delegate votes to secure the nomination, followed by Rockefeller with Reagan in third place.

1968 After failing to win Republican Presidential nomination, endorsed Republican candidate Richard Nixon for President U.S.

1970 Reelected to a second term Governor CA, defeating Democrat Jesse Unruh, California State Treasurer and former Speaker of the California State Assembly

1972 Endorsed Preident Richard Nixon for reelection as President U.S.

1974 Did not seek  reelection to a third term Governor CA

1976 Reagan challenged incumbent President Gerald Ford in a bid to become the Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Gerald Ford

Acknowledging his party's moderate wing, Reagan chose moderate Republican Senator Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania as his running mate for Vice President U.S. if nominated

=====
During World War II, Schweiker served aboard an aircraft carrier in the U.S. Navy, being discharged with the rank of electronics technician, second class, in 1946

Following his military service, Schweiker attended Slippery Rock State College for two years before transferring to Pennsylvania State University. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology from Penn State in 1950.

He then joined his family's business, American Olean Tile Company, rising from an assistant in the personnel department to the company's president within a few years

He also became active in local Republican politics, serving as a precinct committeeman, founded the Montgomery County chapter of the Young Republicans, of which he was also president 1952–1954, was selected as an alternate delegate to the Republican National Conventions in 1952 and 1956

Schweiker was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania 1961-1969, was a member of the U.S. Senate from Pennsylvania 1969-1981, and was U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services 1981-1983, appointed by President Reagan

From 1983 to 1994, Schweiker served as president of the American Council of Life Insurance, now known as the American Council of Life Insurers
=====

1976 Mike Padden, a Republican faithless elector from Washington, gave Reagan one electoral vote for President U.S.

Nov 13 1979 Announces candidacy for 1980 Republican Presidential nomination, wins nomination

During the 1980 Republican National Convention, the possibility of choosing former President Gerald Ford as the Vice Presidential nominee was given at least some consideration. Ford asked for certain powers and prerogatives that has been described as making Ford a "Co-President". This included the return of Henry Kissinger as Secretary of State and the appointment of Alan Greenspan as Secretary of the Treasury in a "package deal". The two sides could not come to an agreement, and ultimately George H W Bush was chosen less than 24 hours before the ticket was announced.  Ford appeared in a campaign commercial for Reagan and Bush.

1980 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1984 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Jan 20 1981-Jan 20 1989 40th President U.S.

Mar 30 1981 Shot in an assassination attempt by John Hinckley Jr outside the Washington Hilton Hotel in Washington DC

Reagan's Press Secretary James Brady, Washington police officer Thomas Delahanty, and Secret Service agent Tim McCarthy were struck by the gunfire as well from the would-be assassin  

Post Presidency

After leaving office in 1989 occasionally made appearances on behalf of the Republican Party

Nov 4 1991 The Ronald Reagan Presidential Library was dedicated and opened to the public. At the dedication ceremonies, five Presidents were in attendance, as well as six first ladies, Lady Bird Johnson, Richard Nixon, Pat Nixon, Gerald Ford, Betty Ford, Jimmy Carter, Rosalynn Carter,   Ronald Reagan, Nancy Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Barbara Bush, marking the first time five Presidents were gathered in the same location.  

1992 Delivered a well received speech at the Republican National Convention

Continued publicly to speak in favor of a line-item veto, the Brady Bill, a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced budget, and the repeal of the 22nd Amendment, which prohibits anyone from serving more than two terms as President

1992 established the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award with the newly formed Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation

Feb 3 1994 Final public speech, during a tribute to him in Washington D.C.

Apr 27 1994 Last major public appearance was at the funeral of Richard Nixon

Aug 1994 Diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease

First Lady of the United States Nancy Reagan 1981-1989

Attended the Girls' Latin School of Chicago, graduated 1939.

Attended Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, majored in English and Drama, graduated 1943.

George H W Bush TX Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1988


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:53:14 pm
1980 Continued

Jimmy Carter GA Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1976

Walter Mondale MN Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1976

John B Anderson IL Republican before 1980, Independent 1980-2017

Attended the University of Illinois

Education was interrupted by World War II

Enlisted in the Army in 1943  

1943-1945 World War II United States Army, rank of Staff Sergeant

1946 Returned to complete his education, earning a Juris Doctor degree (J.D.) from the University of Illinois College of Law

1946 Admitted to the Illinois bar, practicing law in Rockford

1949 Graduated Harvard Law School, obtaining a Master of Laws degree (LL.M.)

While at Harvard, served on the faculty of Northeastern University School of Law in Boston  

1952-1955 Served in Berlin as the Economic Reporting Officer in the Eastern Affairs Division, as an adviser on the staff of the United States High Commissioner for Germany

1956 Elected State's Attorney Winnebago County, IL, serving for one term

Jan 3 1961-Jan 3 1981 U.S. House of Representatives IL

Jan 3 1969-Jan 3 1979 Chairman of the House Republican Conference, the number three position in the House Republican hierarchy

1980 Urged to seek the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate IL seat coming up for election, declined

1980 Candidate for Republican nomination for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1980 Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter

1984 National Unity Party was formed as a vehicle to allow Anderson to run for President U.S. in 1984. However, Apr 26 1984 Anderson declined to run and Aug 27 1984 endorsed Democratic nominee Walter Mondale for President U.S. The National Unity Party floundered and ultimately dissolved.  

Became a visiting professor at a series of universities: Stanford University, Duke University, University of Illinois College of Law, Brandeis University, Bryn Mawr College, Oregon State University, University of Massachusetts Amherst, and Nova Southeastern University

1996-2008 Chair of FairVote, continued to serve on its board

Served as President of the World Federalist Association

Served on the advisory board of Public Campaign and the Electronic Privacy Information Center

Counsel to the Washington, DC based law firm of Greenberg & Lieberman, LLC

First Executive Director of the Council for the National Interest, founded in 1989 by former Congressmen Paul Findley (R-IL) and Pete McCloskey (R-CA) to promote American interests in the middle east

2000 U.S. Presidential election, was briefly considered as possible candidate for the Reform Party Presidential nomination but instead endorsed Ralph Nader

January 2008 Indicated strong support for the candidacy of fellow Illinoisan, Barack Obama, who was a candidate for the Democratic Party Presidential nomination.  Obama won Democratic Presidential nomination and Presidential election.

2012 Played a role in the creation of the Justice Party, a progressive, social-democratic party organized to support the candidacy of former Salt Lake City Mayor Rocky Anderson, no relation, for the 2012 U.S. Presidential election

Patrick Lucey WI Democratic before 1979, Independent 1979-1980, Democratic 1980-2014

Attended St. Thomas College in Saint Paul, MN

During World War II was drafted and served in the United States Army Quartermaster Corps in the Caribbean until he was discharged with the rank of Captain in 1945

1946 Graduated from the University of Wisconsin–Madison B.A. in Philosophy

Justice of the Peace Ferryville, WI

1949-1951 WI State Assembly
 
1957-1963 State Chairperson Democratic Party

1960 A Wisconsin campaign aide of John F. Kennedy in his Presidential run in 1960

Jan 4 1965-Jan 2 1967 Lieutenant Governor WI

1966 Democratic candidate for Governor WI, lost

Jan 4 1971-Jul 6 1977 Governor WI

1974 Ran successfully for a second term as Governor WI but resigned effective July 6, 1977 to accept the nomination as United States Ambassador to Mexico

Jul 19 1977–Oct 31 1979 U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, under Jimmy Carter

1980 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with John B Anderson, lost

2011 Although a Democrat, in the election for Wisconsin Supreme Court, acted as Republican David Prosser's campaign co-chairman. On March 31, 2011, resigned from Prosser's campaign and endorsed Democrat JoAnne Kloppenburg.  The election was won by Republican David Prosser. The election for Wisconsin Supreme Court is officially non-partisan.    


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:56:08 pm
1980 Continued

Ed Clark CA Independent, Libertarian Party

An honors graduate of Tabor Academy, Dartmouth College and received a law degree from Harvard Law School

1978 Independent candidate for Governor CA, lost

Although a member of the Libertarian Party, he appeared on the California ballot as an independent candidate

1979 Won the Libertarian Party Presidential nomination at the party's convention in Los Angeles, California for the 1980 election. Published a book on his programs, entitled "A New Beginning". The book's introduction was by Eugene McCarthy.

1980 Libetarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

David Koch KS Libertarian Party

Businessman, philanthropist, political activist, chemical engineer

Attended the Deerfield Academy prep school in Massachusetts, graduating in 1959

Went on to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), earning both a bachelor's degree in 1962 and a master's degree in 1963 in chemical engineering

Joined the family business, Koch Industries, a conglomerate that is the second-largest privately held company in the United States, in 1970. He became president of the subsidiary Koch Engineering in 1979, and became a co-owner of Koch Industries, with older brother Charles, in 1983. He is now an executive vice president.

He and his brother Charles have donated to political advocacy groups, including Americans for Prosperity, and to political campaigns, mainly Republican. Is the fourth richest person in America as of 2012, and the wealthiest resident of New York City as of 2013. He is the ninth-wealthiest person in the world, as of 2014.

1980 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ed Clark, lost

1984 Broke with the Libertarian Party when it supported eliminating all taxes and has since been a Republican

Barry Commoner MO Citizens Party

Biologist, college professor

Was a leading ecologist and among the founders of the modern environmental movement

Received bachelor's degree in zoology from Columbia University in 1937

Received a master's degree and  a doctoral degrees from Harvard University in 1938 and 1941, respectively

World War II United States navy, rank of Lieutenant

Following military service, moved to St. Louis, Missouri, where he became a professor of plant physiology at Washington University. He taught there for 34 years and during this period, in 1966, he founded the Center for the Biology of Natural Systems to study "the science of the total environment". Was on the founding Editorial Board of the Journal of Theoretical Biology in 1961.

In the late 1950s, Commoner became well known for his opposition to nuclear weapons testing, becoming part of the team which conducted the Baby Tooth Survey, demonstrating the presence of Strontium 90 in children's teeth as a direct result of nuclear fallout.

In 1958, he helped found the Greater St. Louis Committee on Nuclear Information. Shortly thereafter, he established Nuclear Information, a mimeographed newsletter published in his office, which later went on to become Environment magazine. Went on to write several books about the negative ecological effects of atmospheric (i.e., above-ground) nuclear testing.

1970 received the International Humanist Award from the International Humanist and Ethical Union.

In his 1971 bestselling book The Closing Circle, Commoner suggested that the American economy should be restructured to conform to the unbending laws of ecology

Examined the relationship between poverty and population growth, disagreeing with the way that relationship is often formulated. He argued that rapid population growth of the developing world is the result of its not having adequate living standards

1976 Published another bestseller, The Poverty of Power. In that book, he addressed the "three e's" that were plaguing the United States in the 1970s, the three e's being the environment, energy, and the economy

1990 Published Making Peace With the Planet, an analysis of the ongoing environmental crisis in which he argues that the way we produce goods needs to be reconstrued

1980 Founded the Citizens Party to serve as a vehicle for his ecological message

1980 Citizens Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

LaDonna Harris OK Democratic, Citizens Party

A Comanche Native American social activist

The founder and president of Americans for Indian Opportunity (AIO)

Was married to Democratic U.S. Senator Fred R Harris of Oklahoma

Helped the Taos Pueblo regain control of Blue Lake, and helped the Menominee tribe gain federal recognition after their tribe had been terminated by the US federal government

1960s As the wife of a US Senator, lived in Washington, D.C. and was in constant social and political contact with the top echelons of the Democratic Party, up to and including President Lyndon B. Johnson and the First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson

Deeply involved in the Anti war movement opposing the Vietnam War

From the 1970s to the present, she has presided over AIO, which advances, from an Indigenous worldview, the cultural, political and economic rights of Indigenous peoples in the U.S. and around the world. She helped found some of today’s leading national Indian organizations including the National Indian Housing Council, Council of Energy Resource Tribes, National Tribal Environmental Council, and National Indian Business Association.

She has been appointed to many Presidential Commissions, including being recognized by Vice President Al Gore, in 1994, as a leader in the area of telecommunications in his remarks at the White House Tribal Summit. She was a founding member of Common Cause and the National Urban Coalition and is a spokesperson against poverty and social injustice. As an advocate for women’s rights, she was a founder of the National Women's Political Caucus.

In 1980, as the Vice Presidential nominee on the Citizens Party ticket with Barry Commoner, Harris added environmental issues to the national debate and future Presidential campaigns. She was an original member of Global Tomorrow Coalition and the U.S. Representative to the OAS Inter-American Indigenous Institute, and VNESCO. She is an honorary Member of Delta Sigma Theta sorority.

1980  Citizens Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Barry Commoner, lost. Replaced on the ballot in Ohio by Wretha Hanson.

In the past, has served on the boards of the Girl Scouts of the USA, Independent Sector, Council on Foundations, National Organization of Women, National Urban League, Save the Children, National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing, and Overseas Development Corporation

Currently, she served on the boards of Advancement of Maori Opportunity, Institute for 21st Century Agoras, National Senior Citizens Law Center, and Think New Mexico. She serves on the advisory boards of the National Museum of the American Indian, American Civil Liberties Union, Delphi International Group, and National Institute for Women of Color.

Wretha Hanson OH Citizens Party

Director of the Franz Bader Gallery in Washington, D.C.

1980 Citizens Party candidate for Vice President U.S., in Ohio, with Barry Commoner, lost

Gus Hall NY Communist Party USA candidate for President See 1972

Angela Davis CA Communist Party USA

Political activist, scholar, author

Atended Elisabeth Irwin High School in Greenwich Village in New York City. There she was introduced to socialism and communism and was recruited by a Communist youth group, Advance. She also met children of some of the leaders of the Communist Party USA.

Attended Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts

Attended the eighth World Festival of Youth and Students in Helsinki, Finland. Returned home in 1963 to a Federal Bureau of Investigation interview about her attendance at the Communist-sponsored festival.

1965 Graduated magna cum laude, a member of Phi Beta Kappa

Attended University of Frankfurt in Germany. Visited East Berlin during the annual May Day celebration.

Earned master's degree from the University of San Diego

Earned a doctorate in philosophy from Humboldt University in East Berlin

Beginning 1969 An acting assistant professor in the philosophy department at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

1979 Awarded the Lenin Peace Prize from the Soviet Union for her civil rights activism

1980 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gus Hall, lost

1984 Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gus Hall, lost

Given that the Communist Party lacked support within the U.S., Davis urged radicals to amass support for the Democratic Party

During both of the campaigns she was Professor of Ethnic Studies at the San Francisco State University

A principal focus of her current activism is the state of prisons within the United States. One of the founders of Critical Resistance, a national grassroots organization dedicated to building a movement to abolish the "prison industrial complex".

As early as 1969 began publicly speaking, voicing her opposition to the Vietnam War, racism, sexism, and the prison industrial complex, and her support of gay rights and other social justice movements

Helped form the African American Agenda 2000, an alliance of Black feminists

Is no longer a member of the Communist Party, leaving it to help found the Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism, which broke from the Communist Party USA because of the latter's support of the Soviet coup attempt of 1991. Remains on the Advisory Board of the Committees.

Was a professor in the History of Consciousness and the Feminist Studies Departments at the University of California, Santa Cruz from 1991 to 2008 and is now Distinguished Professor Emeritas

Was a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Syracuse University in Spring 1992 and October 2010,
hosted by the Women's and Gender Studies Department and the Department of African American studies




Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:56:36 pm
1980 Continued

John Rarick LA Democratic (until 1976), Independent, American Independent Party

Studied at Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana

Studied at Teacher's College, Muncie, Indiana

World War II United States Army

After military service, obtained bachelor's degree from Louisiana State University

Then attended Tulane University Law School in New Orleans, from which he graduated with an LLB and then a Juris Doctor degree in 1949

Was admitted to the Louisiana state bar later that year and set up a law practice in St. Francisville

Was a member of the Louisiana State Bar Association for more than sixty years

Jun 28 1961-May 15 1966 State District Judge for Louisiana's 20th Judicial District

May 15 1966 Resigned the judgeship to declare candidacy for U.S. House of Representatives LA

Jan 3 1967-Jan 3 1975 U.S. House of Representatives LA

1967 Challenged Democratic Governor John J. McKeithen for renomination as Democratic candidate for Governor LA, lost

1968 Supported American Independent Party candidate George Wallace for President against Democratic candidate Hubert Humphrey

1972 As Rarick was re-elected to his fourth and final term  in the U.S. House of Representatives, his home parish of West Feliciana was the only parish among the sixty-four parishes to support Democratic Presidential nominee George McGovern for President over Richard Nixon

1974 Lost Democratic primary for renomination for U.S. House of Representatives LA

1976 Candidate for American Independent Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Lester Maddox

1976 Independent candidate for U.S. House of Representatives LA, lost

1980 American Independent Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1990 Supported David Duke's candidacy for U.S. Senate LA against the Democrat J. Bennett Johnston, Jr.

Eileen Shearer NJ American Independent Party

Wife of American Independent Party founder William K. Shearer

1972 American Independent candidate for Presidential Elector for California

1980 American Independent Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John Rarick, lost

Clifton DeBerry CA Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S. See 1964

Matilde Zimmerman NY Socialist Workers Party

Author and professor

1980 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Clifton DeBerry, lost

1998 PhD History

Is the Resident Director of SLC (Sarah Lawrence College) in Cuba and is a faculty member in History an Global Studies at SLC

Has been based in Havana the last two fall semesters (2003 and 2004) as Director of SLC in Cuba. Because of the new U.S. restrictions on undergraduate academic programs in Cuba, Sarah Lawrence is now the only program of U.S. students at the University of Havana.

The Socialist Workers Party had three different Presidential candidates in 1980, Andrew Pulley, Richard H. Congress, and Clifton DeBerry depending on the state.

She was at the time a writer for the party newspaper The Militant

Zimmermann also ran as an alternate Vice Presidential candidate for Andrea Gonzales in some states in 1984. Melvin T. Mason was the Presidential candidate.

Ellen McCormack NY Right To Life Party

1976 Candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

Was one of the first female candidates for President, alongside women like Shirley Chisholm

Generally identified during her 1976 campaign as a "housewife", appeared on the ballot in 18 states, more than any female candidate to that point, Republican or Democrat, was also the first woman to raise enough money to qualify for Federal matching funds and Secret Service protection

Ran on an exclusively pro-life platform and won no primaries, but had her name placed into nomination and received 22 votes from delegates at the Democratic National Convention, and engaged in a debate that also included future President Jimmy Carter

1978 Right To Life Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

Had been a chairwoman of the New York Right to Life Party

1980 Right To Life Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Carroll Driscoll NJ Right To Life Party

1980 Right To Life Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ellen McCormack, lost

Maureen Smith CA Peace and Freedom Party

1980 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan  

Has served as Chair of the Peace and Freedom Party 1978–1980, 1986-1988, 1990-1992

As of 2009 Santa Cruz County CA Chair of the Peace and Freedom Party

Since 2003, Maureen and her husband, Mike Smith, have worked to ensure that electronic voting machines are required to provide a "paper trail" to verify authentication

Elizabeth Barron CA Peace and Freedom Party

A frequent candidate for political offices on the Peace and Freedom Party ticket

1974 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives CA, lost

1978 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for California State Controller, lost

1980 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Maureen Smith, lost

1994 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for U.S. Senate CA. lost

2006 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for California State Controller, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:57:16 pm
1984

Ronald Reagan CA Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1980

George H W Bush TX Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1988

Walter Mondale MN Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1976

Geraldine Ferraro NY Democratic


1956 Graduated from Marymount Manhattan College with a scholarship with a Bachelor of Arts degree in English

She was the first woman in her family to gain a college degree

She also passed the city exam to become a licensed school teacher

1960 Juris Doctor degree with honors from Fordham University School of Law

1961 Admitted to the bar of New York State
 
Spent time at local Democratic clubs, which allowed her to maintain contacts within the legal profession and become involved in local politics and campaigns

While organizing community opposition to a proposed building, met lawyer and Democratic figure Mario Cuomo, who became a political mentor.  Cuomo would later go on to serve as Governor of New York 1983-1994.

1970 Elected President of the Queens County Women's Bar Association

1974 Appointed Assistant District Attorney for Queens County, NY by her cousin, District Attorney Nicholas Ferraro

1975 Assigned to the new Special Victims Bureau

1977 Named head of the Special Victims Bureau with two other assistant district attorneys assigned to her

1978 Admitted to U.S. Supreme Court Bar

Grew frustrated with aspects of her legal career and talked about running for legislative office.  Mario Cuomo, at the time Secretary of State of New York, suggested the United States House of Representatives.

1978 Won Democratic primary for U.S. House of Representatives NY to become Democratic nominee

Jan 3 1979-Jan 3 1985 U.S. House of Representatives NY

1980 Served as one of the deputy chairs for the 1980 Carter-Mondale campaign

Jan 3 1981-Jan 3 1985 Secretary of the Democratic House Caucus

1982 Served actively on the Hunt Commission that rewrote the Democratic delegate selection rules. Credited as having been the prime agent behind the creation of superdelegates.

By 1983 Was regarded as one of the up-and-coming stars of the Democratic Party

1984 Chairwoman of the Platform Committee for the Democratic National Convention, the first woman to hold that position

1984 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Walter Mondale, lost

First woman and first Italian American to run on a major party national ticket in the U.S.

Remained active in raising money for Democratic candidates nationwide, especially women candidates

1988 Served as Vice Chair of Democratic Party's Victory Fund

1988-1992 A fellow at the Harvard Institute of Politics

1992 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U.S. Senate NY, lost nomination to NY Attorney General Robert Abrams

1992 Accepted Democratic Presidential nominee Bill Clinton's request to campaign for his Presidential bid

Jan 1993 Appointed by President Clinton as a member of the United States delegation to United Nations Commission on Human Rights

Jun 1993 Attended the World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna as the alternate U.S. delegate

Oct 1993 Promoted by President Clinton to become United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights

1993-1996 United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights

1995 Named by the Clinton administration as Vice-Chair of the U.S. delegation to the landmark September 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing

1996-1998 Political commentator on CNN Crossfire

1998 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for U.S. Senate NY, lost nomination to  Congressman Chuck Schumer

1999-2007 Political commentator on Fox News

Dec 2006 Announced her support for Hillary Clinton for Democratic Presidential nomination for 2008 election


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:57:37 pm
1984 Continued

David Berglund CA Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S. See 1976

Jim Lewis CT Libertarian Party 

Co-authored a book with Jim Peron, entitled Liberty Reclaimed

Served as a representative to the Libertarian National Committee

1982 Libertarian Party candidate for U.S. Senate CT, lost

1984 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with David Berglund, lost

1987 Candidate for Libertarian Party nomination for President U.S., lost

Lyndon LaRouche VA Independent candidate for President U.S. See 1976

Billy Davis MS Independent

Farmer and Attorney

1983 Ran on the Lyndon LaRouche platform for Governor MS, lost

1984 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with Lyndon LaRouche, lost

After an unsuccessful bid for the Democratic Party nomination, they ran as independents in the general election

Sonia Johnson ID Citizens Party

Feminist

Attended Utah State University

Earned a Master's degree and a Doctor of Education from Rutgers College

Was employed as a part-time teacher of English in universities both in the United States and abroad, following her husband to new places of employment

Proponent of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)

1984 Presidential candidate of the U.S. Citizens Party, Pennsylvania's Consumer Party and California's Peace and Freedom Party, lost to Ronald Reagan

Running mate with Sonja Johnson for the Citizens Party was Richard Walton and for the Peace and Freedom Party was Emma Wong Mar

Richard Walton RI Citizens Party

Writer and Teacher

Served on several national Green bodies

An activist against poverty, homelessness, and hunger

Received a bachelor's degree from Brown University in 1951

His studies at Brown were interrupted for two years while he served in the U.S. Navy as a journalist's mate

Attended the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism where he received a master's degree in 1954

1967 Began teaching writing, political science, and history at Housatonic Community College in Stratford, CT, The New School for Social Research in New York City, and what is now Western Connecticut State University in Danbury, CT.

Has traveled to more than 50 countries, including teaching English in an elementary school in Shanghai in the summer of 2007

For over a quarter of a century until 2012, taught at Rhode Island College where he was among the leaders of a campaign to unionize adjunct faculty. In an election in April 2007, the adjunct faculty voted by an overwhelming margin to unionize and affiliate with the American Federation of Teachers.

Served on the union's negotiating committee, agreeing on an initial contract with the college and Rhode Island Board of Governors for Higher Education, which was ratified in October 2009

Elected as the union's first president and served until his death

1984 Citizens Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Sonia Johnson, lost

One of the early members of the Green Party of RI

1996 Presidential election in RI was temporarily a stand-in candidate for Ralph Nader's official running mate Winona LaDuke

2004 Presidential election endorsed Green Party Presidential candidate David Cobb

Emma Wong Mar CA Peace and Freedom Party

1982-1984 State Chair Peace and Freedom Party, CA

1984 Peace and Freedom Party Candidate for Vice President U.S. with Sonia Johnson, lost

1990 Peace and Freedom Party primary Candidate for Lieutenant Governor CA, lost
 
Bob Richards TX Populist Party

Competed in the 1948, 1952, and 1956 Summer Olympics as a pole vaulter, and as a decathlete in 1956

Became involved in promoting physical fitness

Ordained in 1946 as a minister in the Church of the Brethren

Elected to the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1983 and the United States National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1975

1984 Populist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

2010 Reportedly expressed support for a white nationalist political party called the American Third Position Party

Maureen Kennedy Salaman CA Populist Party

Was known as "The First Lady of Nutrition", was an internationally known expert, lecturer, and author in the field of health and nutrition

Authored many much-sought-after books, several of which were award-winning bestsellers – Foods That Heal, The Diet Bible, Nutrition: The Cancer Answer, The Light at the End of the Refrigerator-Foods That Heal Companion Cookbook, Nutrition: The Cancer Answer II, All Your Health Questions Answered Naturally, and How To Renew You, as well as numerous booklets such as Achieving Super Immunity, Preventing and Conquering Diabetes, and The Renew You Diet.

Also wrote articles and columns – and she edited magazines such as Health Freedom News, which she  helped launch in 1982. Prior to that, she had been founder and Assistant Editor for NHF’s predecessor magazine, Public Scrutiny; and she helped use that magazine to promote health-freedom causes.

First elected NHF president in 1982, and she served in that capacity – with a few exceptions – until her death in 2006. She stepped down to become NHF vice president on a couple of occasions so as to allow Hans Kugler and Jonathan Wright to assume the NHF lead mantle, but others urged her to resume the presidency and she did.

1984 Populist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Bob Richards, lost

Dennis Serrette NJ New Alliance Party

Union Activist

Split with the party after the election

Has been a union activist since 1964

1972 became a founding member of the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists

Was also a Vice President of a local of the Communication Workers of America and is currently the CWA's Education Specialist. At present, he is also the President of the United Association for Labor Education.

First recruited as a Presidential candidate by the Consumer Party of Pennsylvania's chairman Max Weiner

Was later recruited by Peter Diamondstone, chairman of the Liberty Union Party of Vermont

As a long time activist and trade unionist led struggles in the Harlem community against the closing of Sydenham Hospital, chaired the Committee to save the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, and as Vice President of Local 1101 led the longest and militant strike against the New York Telephone company which went seven and half months (July 1971 through 1972).

Was a founding member of the CWA Black Caucus in 1971.

1984 New Alliance Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Nancy Ross NY New Alliance Party

An NAP leader

Served on a community school board on Manhattan's Upper West Side

1984 New Alliance Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Dennis Serrette, lost

Gus Hall NY Communist Party USA candidate for President US See 1972

Angela Davis CA Communist Party USA candidate for Vice President US See 1980

Melvin Mason CA Socialist Workers Party


1978 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Governor CA, lost

1982 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Governor CA, lost

1984 Socialist Workers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

President of the Monterey Peninsula, California Branch of the NAACP

Matilde Zimmerman NY Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1980

Andrea Gonzales Socialist Workers Party


1984 Socialist Workers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Melvin Mason, lost

Larry Holmes NY Workers World Party

The highest official of the Workers World Party, holding the position of First Secretary, and a member of the party Secretariat

Founded the Millions for Mumia movement, which seeks the release of Mumia Abu-Jamal, and co-founded the anti-war movement International ANSWER.

Is a strong supporter of Immigrants Rights, and Black and Brown Unity

September 2010, was among the individuals and members of the organizations who attended the conference of President Ahmadinejad during his visit in New York. The leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran was in New York to attend the annual UN General assembly.

1984 New Workers World Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1988 New Workers World Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George H W Bush

1992 New Workers World Party candidate for Vice President U.S. wih Gloria LaRiva, lost

Gloria LaRiva CA Workers World Party, Party for Socialism and Liberation

1972-1973, 1975 Attended Brandeis University

1984 Workers World Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Larry Holmes, lost
 
1988 Workers World Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Larry Holmes, lost

1992 Workers World Party candidate President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1994 Peace and Freedom Party candidate Governor CA, lost

1996 Workers World Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Monica Moorehead, lost

1998 Peace and Freedom Party candidate Governor CA, lost

2000 Workers World Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Monica Moorehead, lost

2004 Joined the Party for Socialism and Liberation (PSL) in its split from the Workers World Party

2008 Party For Socialism And Liberation Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama

2012 Was a Presidential stand-in for Peta Lindsay, PSL nominee for President who was not allowed on the ballot in some states due to her age

Has been the director of the National Committee to Free the Cuban Five

Has been President of the typographical sector of the Northern California Media Workers Union

Jul 2015 Was announced as the PSL nominee for President U.S. for 2016 Presidential election with Eugene Puryear as the candidate for Vice President U.S.

2016 Candidate Party for Socialism and Liberation candidate for President U.S., with Eugene Puryear as candidate for Vice President U.S., lost to Donald Trump

2016 Candidate Peace and Freedom Party in California for President U.S. with Dennis J Banks as candidate for Vice President U.S., lost to Donald Trump

Has translated Fidel Castro's book Cuba at the Crossroads (1997) and produced the documentary videos NATO Targets, Workers' Democracy in Cuba (1996), Genocide by Sanctions: The Case of Iraq (1998) and Let Iraq Live!





Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:58:15 pm
1988

George H W Bush TX Republican

=====
Grandson of Samuel Prescott Bush

In the spring of 1918, banker Bernard Baruch was asked to reorganize the War Industries Board as the U.S. prepared to enter World War I, and placed several prominent businessmen to key posts. Samuel Prescottt Bush became chief of the Ordnance, Small Arms, and Ammunition Section, with national responsibility for government assistance to and relations with munitions companies.

Samuel Prescott Bush served on the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, as well as of the Huntington National Bank of Columbus. In 1931, he was appointed to President Herbert Hoover's President's Committee for Unemployment Relief, chaired by Walter S Gifford, then President of AT&T. Samuel Prescott Bush was once recommended to serve on the board of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, but Hoover did not feel he was sufficiently known nationally.

Son of Prescott Bush, Unsuccessful Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate CT 1950, U.S. Senate CT 1952-1963

Father of George W Bush, Republican candidate U.S. House of Representatives TX, 1978, defeated, Governor TX 1995-2000, President U.S. 2001-2009

Father of Jeb Bush, Chairman Dade County Republican Party mid 1980's, Secretary of Commerce of FL 1987-1988, Republican candidate for Governor FL, 1994, defeated, Governor FL 1999-2007, unsuccessful candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S. 2016

Grandfather of George P Bush, Served as a member of several diplomacy missions, including one to Nicaragua for the second peaceful transfer of power in that country, and one to Brazil for the Pan American Games in 2007. Joined two US Congressional delegations, one to Saudi Arabia during the Arab Spring of 2011 and one to Turkey in 2012 at the time of the civil war in neighboring Syria.

As of 2012 was the deputy finance chairman of the Republican Party of Texas

Commissioner Texas General Land Office, took office 2015
=====

1942-1945 United States Navy, rank of Lieutenant (junior grade)

1948 Graduated from Yale University with a degree in economics
 
Started the Bush-Overbey Oil Development company 1951 and co-founded the Zapata Petroleum Corporation 1953. Named President of the Zapata Offshore Company 1954. The subsidiary became independent in 1958. Continued serving as President of the company until 1964, and later chairman until 1966.

1964 Chairman of the Republican Party for Harris County, TX

1964 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate TX, lost

1966 Elected to U.S. House of Representatives TX, reelected 1968

Jan 3 1967-Jan 3 1971 U.S. House of Representatives TX

1970 President Nixon convinced Bush to relinquish his House seat to again run for U.S. Senate

1970 Republican Party candidate for U.S. Senate TX, lost to Lloyd Bentsen, who would become the Democratic Party Vice Presidential nominee in 1988 on a ticket with Michael Dukakis, who would be defeated by George HW Bush and Dan Quayle
 
Mar 1 1971-Jan 18 1973 United States Ambassador to United Nations under Richard Nixon

Jan 19 1973-Sep 16 1974 Chairman Republican National Committee

Sep 26 1974-Dec 7 1975 Chief of the Liaison Office to the People's Republic of China under Gerald Ford

Jan 30 1976–Jan 20 1977 Director of Central Intelligence under Gerald Ford

1977 Chairman on the Executive Committee of the First International Bank Houston

1978 Part time professor of Administrative Science at Rice University's Jones School of Business

Between 1977 and 1979 A director of the Council on Foreign Relations foreign policy organization

1980 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

1980 Nominated as Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. on ticket with Ronald Reagan, elected

1984 Renominated as Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. on ticket with Ronald Reagan, reelected

Jan 20 1981-Jan 20 1989 43rd Vice President U.S.

Mar 30 1981 A situation with the potential for the invocation of the 'Acting President' provision occurred when President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded in an assassination attempt.  Though Reagan was clearly seen by his staff, Cabinet members, and others as incapacitated, Vice President George H. W. Bush refused to join the Cabinet in invoking the Twenty-fifth Amendment, feeling it would be akin to a coup d'etat. Reagan eventually recovered, but constitutional scholars such as Herbert Abrams have opined that the Twenty-fifth Amendment should have been invoked in order to clarify the acting chain of command.

Jul 13 1985 President Ronald Reagan underwent surgery under sedation. Prior to undergoing surgery, he  invoked Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment . Vice President George H. W. Bush was Acting President U.S. from 11:28 until 19:22 that day.

The Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution deals with succession to the Presidency and establishes procedures both for filling a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, as well as responding to Presidential disabilities.  The Twenty-fifth Amendment was adopted on February 10, 1967.

1988 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., won

1988 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Jan 20 1989-Jan 20 1993 41st President U.S.

1992 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

Post Prsidency

Honorary Chairman of Points of Light, an international nonprofit dedicated to engaging more people and resources in solving serious social problems through voluntary service

1993 Awarded an honorary knighthood (GCB) by Queen Elizabeth II. He was the third American President to receive the honor, the others being Dwight D. Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan.

1993 Visited Kuwait to commemorate the coalition's victory over Iraq in the Gulf War

1993-1999 Served as Chairman to the board of trustees for Eisenhower Fellowships

Nov 6 1997 The George Bush Presidential Library dedicated

The George Bush School of Government and Public Service is a graduate public policy school at Texas A&M University in College Station, TX. The graduate school is part of the Presidential library complex, and offers four programs: two master's degree programs (Public Service Administration and International Affairs) and two certificate programs (Advanced International Affairs and Homeland Security). The master's program in International Affairs (MPIA) program offers a choice of concentration on either National Security Affairs or International Economics and Development

Jun 2004 He and his wife Barbara Bush attended the state funeral of Ronald Reagan

2005 Despite his political differences with Bill Clinton, it has been acknowledged that the two former Presidents have become friends. He and Clinton appeared together in television ads, encouraging aid for victims of Hurricane Katrina and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
 
Oct 2006 Honored by the National Italian American Foundation (NIAF), receiving the NIAF One America Award for his work to better the lives of all Americans

Jan 2007 He and his wife Barbara Bush attended the sate funeral of Gerald Ford

Feb 2007 Awarded the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award in Beverly Hills, California, by former First Lady Nancy Reagan.

Feb 18 2008 Formally endorsed Senator John McCain for Republican Presidential nomination for President U.S.  The endorsement offered a boost to McCain's campaign, as the Arizona Senator had been facing criticism among many conservatives.

Jan 10 2009, Both George H W Bush and President George W Bush were present at the commissioning of the USS George H W Bush (CVN-77), the tenth and last Nimitz-class supercarrier of the United States Navy

Feb 15 2011, Awarded the Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States, by President Barack Obama

Mar 20 2012 Endorsed Republican Presidential front runner Mitt Romney, urging the party to end a divisive primary and rally behind Romney's candidacy

Second Lady of the United States Barbara Bush 1981-1989

First Lady of the United States Barbara Bush 1989-1993


Her ancestor Thomas Pierce, an early New England colonist, was also an ancestor of Franklin Pierce, the 14th President of the United States. She is the fourth cousin, four times removed, and the second cousin, five times removed, of President Franklin Pierce.

Attended Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts.

Dan Quayle IN Republican

1969 Matriculated at DePauw University with a B.A. degree in political science

1969-1975 Indiana National Guard, rank of Sergeant

1974 While serving in National Guard earned a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree at Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law

1971 Became an investigator for the Consumer Protection Division of the Office of the Indiana Attorney General

1971 Became an administrative assistant to Indiana Republican Governor Edgar Whitcomb

1973-1974 Director of the Inheritance Tax Division of the Indiana Department of Revenue

Jan 3 1977-Jan 3 1981 U.S. House of Representatives IN

Jan 3 1981-Jan 3 1989 U.S. Senate IN

1976 Quayle was elected by a wide margin to the House of Representatives from Indiana's 4th congressional district, defeating eight-term incumbent Democrat J. Edward Roush by a 55% to 45% margin. He won reelection in 1978 by the greatest percentage margin achieved to date in that northeast Indiana district.

In 1980, at age 33, Quayle became the youngest person ever elected to the Senate from the state of Indiana, defeating three-term incumbent Democrat Birch Bayh by 54%-to-46%

Making Indiana political history again, Quayle was reelected to the Senate in 1986 with the largest margin ever achieved to that date by a candidate in a statewide Indiana race, easily defeating his Democratic opponent, Jill Long with 61%. His 1986 victory was notable because several other Republican Senators elected in 1980 were not returned to office.

August 17 1988 at the Republican National Convention New Orleans, LA, Republican Presidential candidate George H W Bush called on Quayle to be his Vice Presidential running mate in the 1988 U.S. Presidential election

1988 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with George H W Bush, won

Jan 20 1989-Jan 20 1993 44th Vice President U.S.

As Bush lagged in the polls in the weeks preceding the August 1992 Republican National Convention, some Republican strategists, led by Secretary of State James Baker, viewed Quayle as a liability to the ticket and pushed for his replacement. Quayle survived the challenge and secured renomination.

1992 Republican Party candidate for reelection Vice President U.S. with George H W Bush, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:58:37 pm
1988 Continued

Dan Quayle Continued

1996 Considered but decided against running for Governor IN

1996 Decided against running for the 1996 Republican Presidential nomination

1996 Moved to Arizona

Apr 1999 Announced his candidacy for the 2000 Republican Presidential nomination

Sep 1999 Withdrew from the campaign for the 2000 Republican Presidential nomination

Served as chairman of Campaign America, a national political action committee

Mentioned as a candidate for Governor of Arizona prior to 2002 election, declined to run

Signed the statement of principles of the Project for the New American Century

Dec 2011 Announced he was endorsing Mitt Romney for 2012 Republican Presidential nomination

Second Lady of the United States Marilyn Quayle 1989-1993

Received a bachelor's degree in political science from Purdue University.

Attended law school at night and earned a Juris Doctor at Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law.

Michael Dukakis MA Democratic

1955 Graduated from Swarthmore College with a B.A. in history

1955-1957 United States Army, Specialist Third Class, stationed in Korea

1960 Graduated Harvard Law School with a Juris Doctor degree

Is an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America

Began political career as an elected Town Meeting Member in the town of Brookline, MA

1963-1971 MA State House of Representatives

1970 Won Democratic Party nomination for Lieutenant Governor MA

1970 Democratic Party candidate for Lieutenant Governor MA, lost

1974 Won Democratic Party nomination for Governor MA

1974 Democratic Party candidate for Governor MA, won

Jan 2 1975-Jan 4 1979 Governor MA

1978 Defeated in Democratic primary for reelection as Governor MA

1982 Won Democratic primary for Governor MA

Jan 6 1983-Jan 3 1991 Governor MA

1986 Voted by National Governors Association as the most effective Governor of 1986

1988 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George H W Bush

1990 Did not run for a fourth term as Governor MA

Post Governorship

Served on the board of directors for Amtrak

Professor of political science at Northeastern University

A visiting professor of political science at Loyola Marymount University

A visiting professor in the Department of Public Policy at the School of Public Affairs at UCLA

Along with a number of other notable Greek Americans, he is a founding member of The Next Generation Initiative: a leadership program aimed at getting students involved in public affairs

Nov 2008, Northeastern named its new Center for Urban and Regional Policy after Michael Dukakis and his wife Kitty

Has developed a strong passion for grassroots campaigning and the appointment of precinct captains to coordinate local campaigning activities, two strategies he feels are essential for the Democratic Party to compete effectively in both local and national elections

2006 He and his wife worked to help Democratic candidate Deval Patrick in his successful effort to become Governor MA

2012 He and his wife worked to help Democratic candidate Elizabeth Warren in her successful effort for election to U.S. Senate MA

Aug 2009 Mentioned as one of two leading candidates as a possible interim successor to Edward Kennedy in the U.S. Senate, after Kennedy's death. Instead, Governor Patrick named Paul G. Kirk, the other leading candidate and favorite of the Kennedy family who promised not to run in the special election, to fill the seat.

Lloyd Bentsen TX Democratic  

Was an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America

1942 Graduated Texas University School of Law with an LL.B. degree and was admitted to the bar

His LL.B. was later amended to a Juris Doctor degree

1942-1945 United States Army Air Corps, achieved rank of Colonel

1946-1948 Hidalgo County, TX, Judge, a largely administrative post as opposed to judicial duties

Dec 4 1948-Jan 3 1955 U.S. House of Representatives TX

Declined to seek reelection and entered what was to become a prosperous career in business.
Moved to Houston where he founded Consolidated American Life Insurance Company (Calico).

He also served on the board of Lockheed Corporation as well as those of several oil and gas companies. He was successful and became very secure financially.

By 1970, he had become president of Lincoln Consolidated, a financial holding institution

1970 Won Democratic nomination for U.S. Senate TX

1970 Democratic Party nominee for U.S. Senate TX, defeating George HW Bush in the U.S. Senate election, who would become the 1988 Republican Party Presidential nominee on a ticket with Dan Quayle, who would defeat the Democratic ticket of Michael Dukakis and Lloyd Bentsen

Jan 3 1971-Jan 20 1993 U.S. Senate TX

1976 Candidate for Democratic nomination for President U.S., lost to Jimmy Carter

Did not organize effectively on a national level, and many observers believed he was running without any real hope of winning the nomination, hoping instead to secure the Vice Presidential nomination

1984 Was on Walter Mondale's short list of seven or eight possible Vice Presidential candidates and was the only southerner and one of three white males considered. In the end, Mondale chose New York U.S. Representative Geraldine Ferraro as his running mate.

1988 Governor Michael Dukakis, MA, chose Bentsen to be his running mate for Vice President U.S. in Presidential election, beating out Ohio Senator John Glenn, who was considered the early favorite

1988 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Michael Dukakis, lost. Was simultaneously reelected to U.S. Senate TX

1988 West Virginia faithless elector Margaret Leach voted for Bentsen as President and Dukakis as Vice President in order to make a statement against the U.S. Electoral College

1992 Considered running for President U.S., but decided against it

Jan 1993 Resigned from the U.S. Senate to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury

Jan 20 1993–Dec 22 1994 U.S. Secretary of the Treasury under Bill Clinton

Feb 1994 After the resignation of Les Aspin in early 1994, was seriously considered for the position of Secretary of Defense. This prospect did not materialize.

Early December 1994 Announced his resignation as Secretary of the Treasury. Before election day he had discussed with President Clinton that he was not prepared to stay in office until 1996.



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:59:10 pm
1988  Continued

Ron Paul TX Republican 1956–1988, Libertarian Party 1988, Republicahn 1988-Present

=====
Father of Rand Paul, U.S. Senator for Kentucky, assumed office 2011
=====

1961 Doctor of Medicine degree from Duke University's School of Medicine

1963-1965 Flight surgeon United States Air Force, rank of Captain

1965-1968 Flight surgeon United States Air National Guard

Aug 15 1971 Decided to enter politics and become a Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives TX

1974 Incumbent Robert R Casey defeated him for the 22nd district. President Gerald Ford later appointed Casey to direct the Federal Maritime Commission, and Paul won an April 1976 special election to the vacant office after a runoff.

Apr 3 1976–Jan 3 1977 U.S. House of Representatives TX

1976 Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives TX, lost

1978 Republican candidate for U.S. House of Representatives TX, won

Jan 3 1979-Jan 3 1985 U.S. House of Representatives TX

During his first term, founded the Foundation for Rational Economics and Education (FREE), a non-profit think tank dedicated to promoting principles of limited government and free-market economics

1984 Became the first chairman of the Citizens for a Sound Economy (CSE), a conservative political group founded by David H. Koch and Charles G. Koch "to fight for less government, lower taxes, and less regulation." CSE founded the Tea Party movement in 2002, but it did not catch on.

1984 Candidate for Republican nomination for U.S. Senate TX, lost

1987 Resigned from the Republican Party and launched a bid for President U.S. running on the Libertarian Party ticket

1988 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George H W Bush

1992 Considered campaigning for President but instead chose to endorse Pat Buchanan, and served as an adviser to Buchanan's Republican Presidential primary campaign against incumbent President George H W Bush

Jan 3 1997-Jan 3 2013 U.S. House of Representatives TX

2004 Citizens for a Sound Economy split into two new organizations, with Citizens for a Sound Economy being renamed as FreedomWorks, and Citizens for a Sound Economy Foundation becoming Americans for Prosperity. The two organizations would become key players in the Tea Party movement from 2009 onward.

Mar 12 2007 Declared his candidacy for the 2008 Republican Presidential nomination

Jun 12 2008 Withdrew his bid for the Republican 2008 Presidential nomination, which was won by John McCain

Sep 10 2008 Announced his general support of four third-party candidates, Cynthia McKinney, Green Party, Bob Barr, Libertarian Party, Chuck Baldwin. Constitution Party, Ralph Nader, independent

Two weeks later Released a statement saying that he had decided to endorse Chuck Baldwin, the Constitution Party candidate, for President

Jul 12 2011 Announced that he would not seek reelection to the House in order to pursue the Republican nomination for the 2012 Presidential election

2012 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination for President U.S., lost to Mitt Romney

2012 Refused to endorse Mitt Romney for President U.S.

Andre Marrou AK Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1992


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:59:31 pm
1988 Continued

Lenora Fulani NY New Alliance Party

Psychologist, Psychotherapist

Ph.D. in developmental psychology from the City University of New York (CUNY)

Became active in the New Alliance Party (NAP)
 
1982 NAP candidate for Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

Has also been involved in the affiliated Independent Workers Party, and the Rainbow Alliance

1984 Helped recruit the NAP's Presidential candidate Dennis L. Serrette, an African-American trade union activist

1988 New Alliance Party candidate for President U.S., lost  to George H W Bush

Six different running mates for Vice President U.S., including Joyce Dattner, Mamie Moore, Barbara Taylor, varying from state to state

Was the first African-American independent and the first female Presidential candidate on the ballot in all 50 states

1990 New Alliance Party candidate for Governor NY, lost

1992 New Alliance Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1994 Became affiliated with the Patriot Party, one of many groups that later competed for control of the Reform Party, founded by Ross Perot

Helped to start the Committee for a Unified Independent Party (CUIP), formed to bring together independent groups to challenge the bipartisan hegemony in American politics

1987 Began an alliance with minister and activist Al Sharpton, in 1992 he ran for the U.S. Senate from New York as a Democrat rather than as an Independent. Since then, Sharpton has kept his distance from Fulani.

2000 Endorsed Pat Buchanan, then running on the Reform Party ticket

Served briefly as co-chair of the campaign

Withdrew her endorsement, saying that Buchanan was trying to further his right-wing agenda

Then endorsed the Presidential candidacy of Natural Law Party leader John Hagelin, a close associate of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

Unsuccessfully sought the Vice Presidential nomination at the national convention organized by a faction of the Reform Party

2001 Endorsed Republican candidate Michael Bloomberg for Mayor New York City and organized city members of the IP to work for his campaign

2003 Municipal election was among those who endorsed Bloomberg's proposed amendment to the New York City Charter to establish non-partisan elections

Sep 2005 the State Executive Committee of the Independence Party of New York dropped Fulani and other members from the New York City chapter

Formed a coalition to organize Independence Party support for the re-election campaign of Mayor Michael Bloomberg

Has worked on a number of community outreach and youth development projects

1984 Helped found the Castillo Cultural Center in New York City

1998 The Castillo Center merged with the All Stars Project youth charity

Has been active in the development of educational programs associatedd with the All Stars Project, including the Joseph A. Forgione Development School for Youth and the All Stars Talent Show Network, which create enriching experiences outside school for poor inner city youth, using a performance model

David Duke LA Populist Party 1988 election, Democratic before 1988, Republican since 1988

1968 Enrolled at Louisiana State University (LSU) in Baton Rouge, and in 1970, formed a white student group called the White Youth Alliance that was affiliated with the National Socialist White People's Party

1974 Graduated from Louisiana State University with Bachelor of Arts degree. During this time he spent what would have been his senior year organizing the National Party.

1974 Founded the Louisiana-based Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (KKKK), a Louisiana Ku Klux Klan organization, shortly after graduating from LSU

Became Grand Wizard of the KKKK. A follower of Duke, Thomas Robb, changed the title of Grand Wizard to National Director, and replaced the Klan's white robes with business suits

Duke first received broad public attention during this time, as he endeavored to market himself in the mid-1970s as a new brand of Klansman: well-groomed, engaged, and professional. Duke also reformed the organization, promoting nonviolence and legality, and, for the first time in the Klan's history, women were accepted as equal members and Catholics were encouraged to apply for membership. Duke would repeatedly insist that the Klan was "not anti-black", but rather "pro-white" and "pro-Christian."

1975 Democratic Party candidate for LA State Senate, lost

1979 Democratic Party candidate for LA State Senate, lost

1980 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., withdrew

1980 Left the Klan and formed the National Association for the Advancement of White People (NAAWP)

1987 Allegedly conducted a direct-mail appeal using the identity and mailing-list of the Georgia Forsyth County Defense League without permission

1988 Ran initially in the Democratic Presidential primaries. His campaign failed to make much of an impact, with the one notable exception of winning the little-known New Hampshire Vice Presidential primary.

Having failed to gain much traction as a Democrat, then successfully sought the Presidential nomination of the Populist Party. He appeared on the ballot for President in eleven states and was a write-in candidate in some other states, some with Trenton Stokes of Arkansas for Vice President, and on other state ballots with Floyd Parker of New Mexico for Vice President.  Duke lost to George H W Bush.

In Dec 1988 Changed political affiliation from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party

1989 Won special election for LA State House of Representatives

Feb 18 1989-Jan 13 1992 LA State House of Representatives

1990 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. Senate LA, lost

1991 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for Governor LA, lost

1992 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., lost to George H W Bush

1996 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. Senate LA, lost

1999 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. House of Representatives LA, lost

2004 Duke's bodyguard, roommate, and longtime associate, Roy Armstrong, made a bid for the U.S. House of Representatives Louisiana, running as a Democrat, lost in the primary. Duke was the head advisor of Armstrong's campaign.

2005 Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine, graduated with Ph.D. in history

Feb 2016 Urged his supporters to vote for Donald Trump for President

2016 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for U.S. Senate, LA, lost

Duke has had the following affiliations:

Knights of the Ku Klux Klan (KKKK), National Association for the Advancement of White People (NAAWP), Ernst Zündel and the Zundelsite, Stormfront,, British National Party, Alt-right  

Eugene McCarthy MN Progressive Party, Consumer Party, Liberty Union Party candidate for President U.S. See 1976
Running mates Florence Rice, Susan Gardner


Lyndon LaRouche National Economic Reconstruction Party candidate for President U.S. See 1976
Running mates Debra Freeman, Billy Davis See 1984


James C Griffin CA American Independent Party (AIP)

1968 AIP candidate for U.S. House of Representatives CA, lost

1974 AIP candidate for U.S. House of Representatives CA, lost

1980 AIP candidate for U.S. Senate CA, lost

1982 AIP candidate for Governor CA, lost

1986 AIP candidate for Lieutenant Governor CA, lost

1988 AIP candidate for President U.S., lost to George HW Bush

Charles Morsa American Independent Party (AIP)

1988 AIP candidate for Vice President U.S. with James C Griffin, lost



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 04:59:52 pm
1992

Bill Clinton AR Democratic


=====
Husband of Hillary Rodham Clinton

See First Lady of the United States, Hillary Rodham Clinton, below  

See also 2016, Hillary Clinton  
=====

1963 Two influential moments in his life that contributed to his decision to become a public figure, one was his visit as a Boys Nation Senator to the White House to meet President John F. Kennedy, the other was listening to Martin Luther King, Jr.'s I Have a Dream speech

Summer 1967, the summer before his senior year, interned for Arkansas Democratic Senator J. William Fulbright

1968 Graduated from the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., receiving a Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service degree.  Ran for President of the Student Council while attending the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University.

While in college, he became a brother of co-ed service fraternity Alpha Phi Omega and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. Clinton was also a member of the Order of DeMolay, a youth group affiliated with Freemasonry, but he never became a Freemason. He is a member of Kappa Kappa Psi honorary band fraternity.

Upon graduation won a Rhodes Scholarship to University College, Oxford, where he studied Philosophy, Politics and Economics, though because he had switched programs and had left early for Yale University, he did not receive a degree there

While at Oxford participated in Vietnam War protests and organized an October 1969 Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam event

1973 Graduated Yale University Law School with a Juris Doctor degree

Law professor at University of Arkansas

1974 Democratic Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives AR, lost

1975 Married Hillary Rodham

1976 Elected Attorney General AR

Jan 3 1977–Jan 9 1979 Attorney General AR

1978 Elected Governor AR

Jan 9 1979-Jan 19 1981 Governor AR

1980 Defeated for reelection as Governor AR

1982 Reelected Governor AR

Jan 11 1983-Dec 12 1992 Governor AR

1987 Media speculation Clinton would enter the race for 1988 Democratic Presidential nomination

Decided to remain as Arkansas Governor (following consideration for the potential candidacy of
Hillary Rodham Clinton for Governor, initially favored, but ultimately vetoed, by the First Lady of Arkansas

1988 Endorsed Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis for Democratic Presidential nomination

1988 Gave the nationally televised opening night address at the Democratic National Convention

Presented himself as a moderate and a member of the New Democrat wing of the Democratic Party

1990 and 1991 Headed the moderate Democratic Leadership Council

1992 Candidate for Democratic Presidential nomination, won

1992 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., elected

1996 Democratic Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Jan 20 1993-Jan 20 2001 42nd President U.S.

Clinton was impeached on Dec 19 1998 by the U.S. House of Representatives on grounds of perjury to a grand jury by a 228–206 vote and obstruction of justice by a 221–212 vote. Two other articles of impeachment failed,  a second count of perjury by a 205–229 vote and one accusing Clinton of abuse of power by a 148–285 vote.

Feb 12 1999 the U.S. Senate voted on the articles of impeachment. A two-thirds majority, 67 votes, would have been necessary to convict and remove the President from office. The perjury charge was defeated with 45 votes for conviction and 55 against. (Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania voted "not proven", which was considered by Chief Justice Rehnquist to constitute a vote of "not guilty".) The obstruction of justice charge was defeated with 50 for conviction and 50 against.

Clinton thus became the second U.S. President to be impeached, following Andrew Johnson in 1868. Clinton was the third sitting U.S. President against whom the U.S. House of Representatives has initiated impeachment proceedings since 1789, the three being Andrew Johnson, Richard Nixon, Bill Clinton.  Richard Nixon resigned before the House of Representatives voted on impeachment, so he was never actually impeached.

Apr 1999, about two months after being acquitted by the U.S. Senate, Clinton was cited by Federal District Judge Susan Webber Wright for civil contempt of court for his "willful failure" to obey her repeated orders to testify truthfully in the Paula Jones sexual harassment lawsuit. For this citation, Clinton was assessed a $90,000 fine, and the matter was referred to the Arkansas Supreme Court to see if disciplinary action would be appropriate.

Sep 1999 Bill and Hillary Clinton relocate to Chappaqua, New York

On the day before leaving office in Jan 2001, President Clinton agreed to a five year suspension of his Arkansas law license as part of an agreement with the independent counsel to end the investigation. Clinton was automatically suspended from the United States Supreme Court bar as a result of his law license suspension. However, as is customary, he was allowed 40 days to appeal an otherwise automatic disbarment. The former President resigned from the Supreme Court bar during the 40 day appeals period.

Post Presidency

In the aftermath of the 2004 Asian tsunami, U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan appointed Clinton to head a relief effort

After Hurricane Katrina, Clinton joined with fellow former President George H. W. Bush to establish the Bush-Clinton Tsunami Fund in January 2005, and the Bush-Clinton Katrina Fund in October of that year

Created the William J. Clinton Foundation to address issues of global importance. This foundation includes the Clinton Foundation HIV and AIDS Initiative (CHAI), which strives to combat that disease, and has worked with the Australian government toward that end

The Clinton Global Initiative (CGI), begun by the Clinton Foundation in 2005, attempts to address world problems such as global public health, poverty alleviation and religious and ethnic conflict

2005 Clinton announced through his foundation an agreement with manufacturers to stop selling sugared drinks in schools

Clinton's foundation joined with the Large Cities Climate Leadership Group in 2006 to improve cooperation among those cities, and he met with foreign leaders to promote this initiative

The foundation has received donations from a number of governments all over the world, including Asia and the Middle East

2008 Foundation director Inder Singh announced that deals to reduce the price of anti-malaria drugs by 30 percent in developing nations

Clinton also spoke in favor of California Proposition 87 on alternative energy, which was voted down

2008 Democratic Presidential primary campaign, vigorously advocated on behalf of his wife, Hillary Clinton, who was a candidate for the nomination.  The nomination was won by Barack Obama.

Enthusiastically endorsed Barack Obama at the 2008 Democratic National Convention

Both Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton campaigned for Obama during the 2008 election campaign

2009 Clinton travelled to North Korea on behalf of two American journalists imprisoned in North Korea. Euna Lee and Laura Ling had been imprisoned for illegally entering the country from China. After Clinton met with North Korean leader Kim Jong-il, Kim issued a pardon.

Since then, Clinton has been assigned a number of other diplomatic missions

Was named United Nations Special Envoy to Haiti in 2009. In response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, U.S. President Barack Obama announced that Clinton and George W. Bush would coordinate efforts to raise funds for Haiti's recovery. Clinton continues to visit Haiti to witness the inauguration of refugee villages, and to raise funds for victims of the earthquake.

2010 Clinton announced support of, and delivered the keynote address for, the inauguration of NTR, Ireland's first environmental foundation

2012 At the Democratic National Convention, Clinton gave a widely praised speech nominating Barack Obama

First Lady of the United States, Hillary Rodham Clinton 1993-2001 See also 2016

1965-1969 Wellesley College, majored in political science, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree, with departmental honors in political science.

1969-1973 Yale University Law School, graduated with a Juris Doctor degree. Served on the editorial board of the Yale Review of Law and Social Action.

1974 Member of Impeachment Inquiry staff in Washington DC.

1978-1981 Board of Directors of the Legal Services Corporation appointed by President Carter.
 
2001-2009 U.S. Senator from New York.

2008 A candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama.  

2009-2013 U.S. Secretary of State under Barack Obama.

2016 A candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., won.

2016 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Donald Trump.    



Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 05:00:26 pm
1992 Continued

Al Gore TN Democratic

=====
Son of Albert Gore Sr, Commissioner TN Department of Labor 1936-1937, U.S. House of Representatives TN 1939-1953, U.S. Senate TN 1953-1971, Democratic Party candidate U.S. Senate TN 1970, defeated  
=====

1965 Enrolled in Harvard College initially planning to major in English and write novels, but later deciding to major in government. On his second day on campus, he began campaigning for the freshman student government council, and was elected its President.  Graduated with high honors 1969.

1969-1971 United States Army Rank of Private, Occupational Specialist, Journalist, Vietnam War

1971-1972 Vanderbilt University Divinity School, studying  philosophy and phenomenology  

1974 Vanderbilt University Law School, did not complete law school, deciding abruptly in 1976 to run for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives when he found out that his father's former seat in the House was about to be vacated

Jan 3 1977-Jan 3 1985 U.S. House of Representatives TN

Jan 3 1985-Jan 2 1993 U.S. Senate TN

1988 Candidate for Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., lost to Michael Dukakis

August 1991 Announced he would not be a candidate for 1992 Democratic Presidential nomination. His son had been in a serious accident.

1992 Chosen by Democratic Presidential nominee Bill Clinton as Vice Presidential candidate, won. Reelected with Bill Clinton 1996.

Was initially hesitant to accept a position as Bill Clinton's running mate but after clashing with the George H. W. Bush administration over global warming issues, he decided to accept the offer

Clinton stated that he chose Gore due to his foreign policy experience, work with the environment, and commitment to his family

Jan 20 1993-Jan 20 2001 45th Vice President U.S.

There was talk of a potential run in the 2000 Presidential race by Gore as early as January 1998

2000 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to George W Bush in disputed election

The Florida election recount of 2000 was a period of vote re-counting that occurred following the unclear results of the 2000 United States Presidential election between George W Bush and Al Gore, specifically the Florida results. The Florida vote was ultimately settled in favor of George W Bush, by a margin of only 537 votes out of almost 6 million cast, when the U.S. Supreme Court, with its final ruling on Bush v. Gore, stopped a recount that had been proposed by the all-Democrat Florida Supreme Court. The outcome resulted in Bush gaining a majority of votes in the Electoral College, winning the overall Presidential election.

Was a speculated candidate for the 2004 Presidential Election.  On December 16, 2002, however, Gore announced that he would not run in 2004. Despite Gore taking himself out of the race, a handful of his supporters formed a national campaign to draft him into running.  One observer concluded it was "Al Gore who has the best chance to defeat the incumbent President," noting that "of the 43 Presidents, only three have been direct descendants of former Presidents:" John Quincy Adams, Benjamin Harrison, and George W. Bush, that "all three won the office only after... anomalies in the Electoral College," that the first two were defeated for re-election in a populist backlash, and finally that "the men who first lost to the Presidential progeny and then beat them" (i.e. Andrew Jackson and Grover Cleveland) "each won a sort of immortality--having his image placed on a unit of US currency," and that Gore should answer this call of history. The draft movement, however, failed to convince Gore to run.

After announcing he would not run in the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, Gore endorsed Vermont Governor Howard Dean in December 2003, weeks before the first primary of the election cycle

The prospect of a Gore candidacy arose again between 2006 to early 2008 in light of the upcoming 2008 Presidential election. Although Gore frequently stated that he had "no plans to run," he did not reject the possibility of future involvement in politics which led to speculation that he might run.

During the 2008 primaries, Gore remained neutral toward all of the candidates

On June 16, 2008, a week after Hillary Clinton had suspended her campaign, Gore endorsed Barack Obama in a speech given in Detroit, Michigan which renewed speculation of an Obama-Gore ticket. Gore stated, however, that he was not interested in being Vice President again.

On the final night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention, shortly before Obama delivered his acceptance address, Gore gave a speech offering his full support. Such support led to new speculation after Obama was elected President during the 2008 Presidential election that Gore would be named a member of the Obama administration. This speculation was enhanced by a meeting held between Obama, Gore, and Joe Biden in Chicago on December 9, 2008. However, Democratic officials and Gore's spokeswoman stated that during the meeting the only subject under discussion was the climate crisis, and Gore would not be joining the Obama administration.

2007 Awarded Nobel Peace Prize

Active in global warming and environmental issues

Second Lady of the United States Tipper Gore 1993-2001

Enrolled in Garland Junior College, now part of Simmons College, later transferred to Boston University, receiving Bachelor of Arts degree in psychology 1970.

Master's degree in psychology from George Peabody College 1975.

George H W Bush TX Republican candidate for President U.S. See 1988

Dan Quayle IN Republican candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1988


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on February 26, 2015, 05:01:29 pm
1992 Continued

Ross Perot TX Independent, Reform Party


1947-1949 Attended Texarkana Junior College
 
1949 Entered U.S. Naval Academy and helped establish its honor system

1953-1957 United States Navy, rank of Lieutenant, junior grade

1962 Founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS) in Dallas, TX

1984 General Motors bought controlling interest in EDS for $2.4 billion

1988 Founded Perot Systems Corporation, Inc. in Plano, TX

Became heavily involved in the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue

Engaged in unauthorized back-channel discussions with Vietnamese officials in the late 1980s, which led to fractured relations between Perot and the Reagan and George H W Bush administrations

1990 Reached agreement with Vietnam's Foreign Ministry to become its business agent in the event that diplomatic relations were normalized

Did not support President George H W Bush and vigorously opposed the United States involvement in the 1990–1991 Persian Gulf War

Unsuccessfully urged Senators to vote against the war resolution, and began to consider his own Presidential run

Feb 20 1992 Appeared on CNN's Larry King Live and announced his intention to run as an independent candidate for President if his supporters could get his name on the ballot in all fifty states

Jul 16 1992 Announced on Larry King Live that he would not seek the Presidency. Explained that he did not want the House of Representatives to decide the election if the result caused the electoral college to be split.

Sep 1992 Quualified for all fifty state ballots

Oct 1 1992 Announced his intention to reenter the Presidential race

1992 Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton, George H W Bush

Tried to keep his movement alive through the mid-1990s, continuing to speak about the increasing national debt

Was a prominent campaigner against the North American Free Trade Agreement

1995 Founded the Reform Party and won their Presidential nomination for the 1996 election

1996 Reform Party candidate and Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton, Bob Dole

Because of the ballot access laws, had to run as an Independent on many state ballots

Following the 1996 election, the Federal Election Commission certified the Reform Party as a national political party eligible for federal campaign matching funds, a historic first

Later 1990s Perot's detractors accused him of not allowing the Reform Party to develop into a genuine national political party, but rather using it as a vehicle to promote himself

2000 Presidential election refused to become openly involved with the internal Reform Party dispute between supporters of Pat Buchanan and of John Hagelin

Nov 3 2000 Appeared on Larry King Live and endorsed George W Bush for President

Jan 2008 Publicly came out against Republican candidate John McCain and endorsed Mitt Romney for President

2009 Perot Systems was acquired by Dell for $3.9 billion

2012 Endorsed Mitt Romney for President

James Stockdale CA Independent

1946 Graduated United States Naval Academy Annapolis, Maryland.  Graduated with the class of 1947 due to the reduced schedule still in effect from World War II.
 
1947-1979 United States Navy, rank of Vice Admiral.  Served in Vietnam War.

1965-1973 Prisoner of War in Vietnam

Oct 13 1977–August 22 1979 President of the Naval War College, Newport RI

1979-1981 President of The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

1981-1993 Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University

Was a member of the board of directors of the Rockford Institute, and was a frequent contributor to Chronicles: A magazine of American Culture

Stockdale came to know businessman and Presidential candidate Ross Perot through his wife's work in establishing an organization to represent the families of Vietnam POWs

Mar 30 1992 Perot announced that he had asked Stockdale to be his provisional Vice Presidential nominee on Ross Perot's 1992 Independent ticket. Perot intended to replace Stockdale with another candidate, but did not do so before dropping out of the race in July 1992.

Perot eventually re-entered the race in the fall of 1992, with Stockdale still in place as the Vice Presidential nominee

1992 Independent candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ross Perot, lost

Andre Marrou AK Libertarian Party

1962 Graduated Massachusetts Institute of Technology

1982 Libertarian Party candidate for AK State House of Representatives, lost

1984 Libertarian Party candidate for AK State House of Representatives, won

Jan 14 1985–Jan 19, 1987 AK State House of Representatives, one of twelve Libertarians to be elected to a state legislature

1986 Libertarian Party candidate for AK State House of Representatives, lost

1988 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ron Paul, lost

1992 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1992 In the New Hampshire primary, polled the highest vote total in Dixville Notch, New Hampshire, the first town in the state to report results

Nancy Lord NV Libertarian Party

Completed undergraduate and medical degrees at the University of Maryland

Earned law degree from Georgetown University

Until 1983 Was employed by Abbott Laboratories, where she authored the successful new drug application for benzodiazepine hypnotic ("ProSom")

After leaving Abbott, worked as an independent consultant in the areas of pharmaceutical development, medical malpractice, and toxicology

Has served on the boards of directors for NORML and for the Fully Informed Jury Association and wrote the introduction to the original edition of You and the Police by Boston T. Party

1992 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Andre Marrou, lost

Bo Gritz NV Populist Party

A former United States Army Special Forces officer
 
1957-1979 United States Army, achieved rank of Lieutenant Colonel, served in Vietnam War

1980s Undertook a series of private trips into Southeast Asia, purportedly to locate United States prisoners of war which as part of the Vietnam War POW/MIA issue some believed were still being held by Laos and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

1986 After a trip to Burma to interview drug kingpin Khun Sa regarding possible locations of U.S. POWs, Gritz returned from Burma with a videotaped interview of Khun Sa purporting to name several officials in the Reagan administration involved in narcotics trafficking in Southeast Asia

1988 Populist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with former Ku Klux Klansman David Duke

Gritz pulled out early in the race. Claimed he accepted the party's nomination with the belief he would be the running mate of James Traficant, and that sometime after learning it would not be Traficant but Duke and sometime after meeting Duke, he decided to drop out.

1988 Populist Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives NV, lost

1989 Established the Center For Action, which was active on a number of issues, mostly pertaining to conspiracy theories

1991 During the Persian Gulf War was an outspoken opponent of that war, and linked it to a conspiracy theory alleging plans to implement a one-world government, known as the "new world order"

1992 Populist Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

Cy Minett NM Populist Party

1992 Populist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Bo Gritz, lost

Lenora Fulani NY New Alliance Party candidate for President U.S. See 1988

Maria Munoz CA Peace and Freedom Party, New Alliance Party


Chicana activist

1986 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Governor CA, lost

1988 Candidate for Peace and Freedom Party nomination for President U.S., lost

1988 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for U.S. Senate CA, lost

1990 Peace and Freedom Party candidate for Governor Ca, lost

1992 New Alliance Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Lenora Fulani, lost

Howard Phillips VA  Republican, Democratic, U.S. Taxpayers Party

1962 Graduated Harvard College, where he was twice elected Chairman of the Student Council

Was President of Policy Analysis, Inc., a public policy research organization which publishes the bimonthly Issues and Strategy Bulletin

1974 Left the Republican Party after some two decades of service to the GOP as precinct worker, election warden, campaign manager, congressional aide, Boston municipal Republican chairman, and assistant to the chairman of the Republican National Committee

1974 Founded the Conservative Caucus, a nationwide, grass roots public policy advocacy group

1970s Played an instrumental role in the leadership of the New Right, and in the founding of the religious right

1978 Candidate in Democratic primary for nomination to U.S. Senate MA, lost

1992 U.S. Taxpayers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1996 U.S. Taxpayers Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

Albion Knight Jr FL U.S. Taxpayers Party

1945 Graduated from the U.S. Military Academy and retired from the  United States Army in 1973 with the rank of Brigadier General

Earned Masters degrees from the University of Illinois and American University

Ordained a Deacon in the Episcopal Church in the USA in 1964 and was ordained a Priest in that church in 1965. Joined the United Episcopal Church of North America in late 1983 and later became the Bishop of its Eastern diocese in 1984 before being elected its Presiding Bishop  in 1989. He was consecrated in Bethesda, Maryland on Jun 2 1984 .

1989-1992 Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America

As the Presiding Bishop of the UECNA, Knight more than tripled the number of parishes belonging to the church, oversaw the establishment of the church's seminary, and negotiated an intercommunion agreement with the Anglican Catholic Church. He later helped found the Church of England (Continuing), a conservative church in England that opposes both the growth of Anglo-Catholic practices and doctrines within the Church of England and the more liberal religious and social stance of the Church of England.

1992 U.S. Taxpayers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Howard Phillips, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Endy on February 26, 2015, 05:04:46 pm
If you just want this pinned, it can be :P


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Endy on February 26, 2015, 05:25:35 pm
If you just want this pinned, it can be :P

I am just making more space so I can move previous entries down to allow for additional details that I would like to add to previous entries.

But thank you for asking.  :)

By pinned to you mean stickied?  It is already stickied.

Yeah, I meant that Plus I forgot it being stickied :P

Also,

x


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on April 07, 2016, 11:03:47 am
1996  

Bill Clinton AR Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1992

Al Gore TN Democratic candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1992


Bob Dole KS Republican

=====
Husband of Elizabeth Hanford Dole

See Bob Dole's Second Wife, Elizabeth Hanford Dole, below
=====

1941 Enrolled at University of Kansas

Studies at University of Kansas were interrupted by World War II

1942-1948 United States Army, rank of Second Lieutenant in the Army's 10th Mountain Division

Apr 1945 Wounded in action while serving in Italy

After the war returned to become a law student

1948-1951 Attended University of Arizona and earned both his LLB and BA degrees from Washburn University in 1952

1950 Ran for office for the first time and was elected to the Kansas State House of Representatives

1951-1953 KS State House of Representatives

1952-1960 County Attorney Russell County KS

1960 Elected to U.S. House of Representatives KS, reelected 1962, 1964, 1966
 
Jan 3 1961-Jan 3 1969 U.S. House of Representatives KS

1968 Won primary for Republican nomination for U.S. Senate KS

Jan 3 1969-Jun 11 1996 U.S. Senate KS

1971-1973 Chairman Republican National Committee

1975 Dole is a Freemason and was elevated to the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite

1976 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Gerald Ford, lost

1980 Candidate for Republican nomination for President U.S., lost to Ronald Reagan

Jan 3 1985-Jan 3 1987 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

Jan 3 1987-Jan 3 1995 U.S. Senate Minority Leader

Jan 3 1995-Jun 11 1996 U.S. Senate Majority Leader

1996 Candidate for Republican nomination for President U.S., won

Jun 11 1996 Resigned from U.S. Senate to focus on Presidential campaign

1996 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

Is the only person in the history of the two major U.S. political parties to have been his party's nominee for both President and Vice President, but who was never elected to either office

The span of 20 years between his participation in the 1976 Vice Presidential debate and the 1996 Presidential debates is the longest for any candidate since televised debates in Presidential election years were instituted in 1960

1997 Received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards

July 2003 The Robert J Dole Institute of Politics, housed on the University of Kansas campus in Lawrence, Kansas, established to bring bipartisanship back to politics, was opened  

Dole's legacy also includes a commitment to combating hunger both in the United States and around the globe

In addition to numerous domestic programs, and along with former Senator George McGovern, Democrat South Dakota, Dole created an international school lunch program through the George McGovern-Robert Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program, which, funded largely through the Congress, helps fight child hunger and poverty by providing nutritious meals to children in schools in developing countries

This internationally popular program would go on to provide more than 22 million meals to children in 41 countries in its first eight years. It has since led to greatly increased global interest in and support for school-feeding programs, which benefit girls and young women in particular, and won McGovern and Dole the 2008 World Food Prize.

2007 Joined fellow former Senate Majority Leaders Howard Baker, Tom Daschle, and George Mitchell to found the Bipartisan Policy Center, a non-profit think-tank that works to develop policies suitable for bipartisan support

2007 President George W Bush appointed Dole and Donna Shalala co-chairs of the President's Commission on Care for America's Returning Wounded Warriors to investigate problems at Walter Reed Army Medical Center

=====
Bob Dole's second wife, Elizabeth Hanford Dole

Elizabeth Dole attended Duke University and graduated with distinction in Political Science in 1958. She was a finalist for an Angier B. Duke Scholarship, a full-tuition award given to outstanding applicants who matriculate at Duke. She was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and was a recipient of the Algernon Sydney Sullivan Award, a national prize given to those exemplifying the ideal of service to others.

Following her graduation from Duke, did her post-graduate work at Oxford in 1959.

After Oxford,  took a job as a student teacher at Melrose High School in Melrose, Massachusetts for the 1959–1960 school year.

While teaching, also pursued her master's degree in education from Harvard University, which she earned in 1960, followed by a Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School in 1965. At graduation, was one of 24 women in a class of 550 students.

Was a Democrat up until 1975.

1960 Campaigned for the Democratic Party ticket of John F Kennedy and Lyndon B Johnson in the Presidential election.

Worked in the White House in the later years of the administration of Lyndon B. Johnson.

During the 1970s was a self described member of the Women's Liberation Movement and helped reform laws to ensure equal credit for women. Was also a supporter of the Equal Rights Amendment to the United States Constitution.

1969-1973 Served as Deputy Assistant to President Nixon for Consumer Affairs.

1973 Nixon appointed her to a seven-year term on the Federal Trade Commission.

1975 Became a Republican.

1975 Married Republican U.S. Senator from Kansas Bob Dole.

Took a leave from her post as a Federal Trade Commissioner for several months in 1976 to campaign for her husband, Bob Dole, who was the Vice Presidential candidate on the unsuccessful Republican ticket with Gerald Ford. Elizabeth Dole would have become Second Lady of the United States had the Ford Dole ticket won the election.

Later resigned from the FTC in 1979 to campaign for her husband's 1980 Presidential run, when Bob Dole ran unsuccessfully for the Republican Presidential nomination.  

1981-1983 Served as Assistant to the President for public liaison under Ronald Reagan.

1983-1987 U.S. Secretary of Transportation under Ronald Reagan.

1989-1990 U.S. Secretary of Labor under George HW Bush.  

1991-1999 President of the American Red Cross.

Dole accepted no salary from the Red Cross during her first year as President of the organization.

1996 Took a one year leave of absence from the agency to assist her husband's, Bob Dole's, unsuccessful campaign for the U.S. Presidency. Returned to the agency in 1997, and resigned in early 1999.

Elizabeth Dole's husband, Bob Dole, was the Republican nominee for President U.S. in 1996. She campaigned actively for her husband. She would have become First Lady of the United States had her husband won the election, She received recognition for her speech at the 1996 Republican National Convention, during which she walked out into the audience while talking conversationally about her husband's qualities.

2000 Delivered the commencement address at Duke University on the theme of representative government. Awarded an honorary degree, Doctor of Humane Letters.

2000 Ran for the Republican Presidential nomination for the US Presidential election, but pulled out of the race in October 1999 before any of the primaries, largely due to inadequate fundraising. Nomination was won by Governor George W Bush of Texas.

July 2000, shortly before the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, George W Bush campaign sources said Elizabeth Dole was on the short list to be named the Vice Presidential nominee, along with Michigan Governor John Engler, New York Governor George Pataki, Pennsylvania Governor Tom Ridge, and former Missouri Senator John Danforth. Many pundits believed that Elizabeth Dole was the frontrunner for the Vice Presidential nomination. Bush then surprised most pundits by selecting former U.S. Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney, who was actually in charge of leading Bush's search for a Vice Presidential nominee.

2002 Elected to U.S. Senate for North Carolina, serving 2003-2009.

Her election to the U.S. Senate marked the first time a spouse of a former Senator was elected to the U.S. Senate from a different state from that of her spouse.

2004 Following Republican gains in the 2004 elections in the U.S. Senate, Dole was elected to the post of chair of the National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC), assuming office 2005.
  
Dole is the first woman to become chair of the NRSC.

2006 Dole was defeated for the post of NRSC chair following Republican losses in the U.S. Senate in the 2006 midterm elections, leaving office 2007.

2008 Republican Party candidate for reelection to U.S. Senate North Carolina, defeated for reelection.

2012 Established the Elizabeth Dole Foundation, dedicated to helping caregivers of "wounded warriors".

Dole is an Honorary Board Member of the humanitarian organization Wings of Hope.

1999 Dole received the S. Roger Horchow Award for Greatest Public Service by a Private Citizen, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.

2014 Dole was inducted into Indiana Wesleyan University's Society of World Changers for her humanitarian public service efforts.
=====


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on April 07, 2016, 11:04:12 am
1996 Continued

Jack Kemp NY Republican

1957 Graduated from Occidental College with a degree in physical education

Occidental College was a founding member of the NCAA Division III Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. Kemp selected Occidental because its football team used professional formations and plays, which he hoped would help him to become a professional quarterback.

After graduating from Occidental College pursued postgraduate studies in economics at Long Beach State University and California Western University

1958-1962 United States Army Reserve, rank of Private

1957-1969 Professional football player

1960, 1961 Editorial assistant to San Diego Union editor and future Richard Nixon aide Herb Klein

1964 Volunteer in Barry Goldwater's Presidential campaign

1966 Volunteer in Ronald Reagan's successful campaign for Governor CA

1967 Football off-season worked on Reagan's staff in Sacramento

1969 Special assistant to the Republican National Committee chairman

1970 Erie County, New York Republicans drafted Kemp to run for United States House of Representatives after incumbent congressman Richard D. McCarthy decided to run for the United States Senate

Jan 3 1971-Jan 3 1989 United States House of Representatives NY

Jan 3 1981-Jan 3 1987 Chairman House Republican Conference

1988 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., withdrew from race

1988 After withdrawing from the race, was still considered a contender for the Vice Presidential nomination

Feb 13 1989-Jan 19 1993 Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under President George H W Bush

1992 Was again considered as a Vice Presidential candidate

1992 Was considered the star of the 1992 Republican National Convention

1992 and 1993 Was considered the favorite or co-favorite for the 1996 Republican Presidential nomination

1993 Co-founded with Bill Bennett, former Secretary of Education, the free market advocacy group Empower America, which later merged with Citizens for a Sound Economy to form Freedom Works

Jan 1995 Stated he would be entering the 1996 Republican Party Presidential primaries

1995 Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole and House Speaker Newt Gingrich appointed Kemp to head a tax reform commission, the Kemp Commission, in response to voter concern that the tax code had become too complicated

1996 Steve Forbes had tried to get Kemp to run in the 1996 campaign, but Kemp declined and in fact endorsed Forbes just as Dole was closing in on the nomination

Some feel the primary reason for the endorsement was to keep the flat tax idea and other supply-side views alive. Many thought Kemp had destroyed his own political future with the endorsement, and Kemp profusely apologized to Dole's campaign offices.

1996 Bill Bennett, conservative pundit, politician, and political theorist, declined the offer to be Dole's running mate for Vice President U.S. Bennett had served as Chairperson of the National Endowment for the Humanities 1981-1985, U.S. Secretary of Education  1985-1988,  Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy 1989-1990.

1996 Bennett suggested Jack Kemp, a man described as Dole's antagonist. On August 16, 1996, the Republican Party chose Kemp as its Vice Presidential nominee. Kemp was seen as a means to attract conservative and libertarian minded voters like those of tough nomination challengers Steve Forbes and Pat Buchanan.

Kemp was chosen over Connie Mack, John McCain, and Carroll Campbell, and it is assumed that this was partly because Kemp had several former staffers in influential positions as Dole's senior advisors. Dole had had a long history of representing the budget-balancing faction of the Party, while Kemp had had a long history of representing the tax-cutting advocates.

1996 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Bob Dole, lost

Early 1998 Was a serious contender for the 2000 United States Republican Presidential nomination, but his campaign possibilities faltered, and he instead endorsed eventual winner George W. Bush

2006 Kemp, along with 2004 Democratic Vice Presidential nominee John Edwards, co-chaired the Council on Foreign Relations task force on Russia, producing a document called "Russia’s Wrong Direction: What the United States Can and Should Do"

After their task force roles ended, the pair advocated solutions to poverty in America at various fora

2008 Endorsed John McCain in the 2008 Republican Presidential primaries shortly before the New Hampshire primary.  In addition, Kemp and Phil Gramm advised McCain on economic policy.

Apr 2008 Announced plans to establish the Jack F. Kemp Institute of Political Economy at Pepperdine University's School of Public Policy

After Kemp's death in 2009, Pepperdine and the Kemp family agreed to shelve plans for the institute

Was a member of the advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation

Served as Co-Chair of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission Cabinet

Ross Perot TX Reform Party candidate for President U.S. See 1992

Pat Choate Washington DC Reform Party

B.A. from the University of Texas at Arlington and an M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of Oklahoma, all in economics

1994 University of Oklahoma named him the Arthur Barto Adams Alumni Fellow in recognition of his continuing scholarship

Has taught a course called Advanced Issues Management at George Washington University's Graduate School of Political Management

Is known for work on development economics, including infrastructure and intellectual property, and his strong stance against unfettered globalism

Serves on the board of directors of the Federation for American Immigration Reform, the largest and oldest immigration reform organization in the U.S.

Serves on the Board of Directors for the American Innovators for Patent Reform

Director of the Manufacturing Policy Project, which studies long-term U.S. economic policy

Previously worked as Director of Research and Planning for the Oklahoma Industrial Development Commission

Tennessee’s first Commissioner of Economic and Community Development

Director of the Appalachian and then Southern Regional Offices of the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration (EDA)

Director of the EDA Office of Economic Research

Senior Economist in the Office of Management and Budget’s Trade Reorganization Project

A Fellow at the Battelle Institute’s Academy for Contemporary Problems
 
Vice President of Public Policy at TRW, Inc.

Has served on several Presidential and Congressional commissions on education, infrastructure and national security

1986 A co-founder of the Congressional Economic Leadership Institute (CELI) and served as its Chair or Co-Chair for 18 years

1996 Reform Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ross Perot, lost


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on April 07, 2016, 11:04:44 am
1996 Continued

Ralph Nader CT Green Party, Independent, Reform Party

A political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. Areas of particular concern include consumer protection, humanitarianism, environmentalism, and democratic government.

Enrolled and was accepted into Princeton University, with the university offering him a scholarship, though his father turned it away, saying that it should go to a student who couldn't afford tuition

Graduated with an A.B. magna cum laude from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University, in 1955

Went on to Harvard Law School, where he received an LL.B. in 1958

Began to write about consumer safety issues in articles published in the Harvard Law Record, a student publication of Harvard Law School

Nader's advocacy of automobile safety and the publicity generated by the publication of Unsafe at Any Speed, along with concern over escalating nationwide traffic fatalities, contributed to Congress' unanimous passage of the 1966 National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act

Hundreds of young activists, inspired by Nader's work, came to DC to help him with other projects. They came to be known as "Nader's Raiders" and, under Nader, investigated government corruption, publishing dozens of books with their results.

1971 co-founded the nongovernmental organization (NGO) Public Citizen with fellow public interest lawyer Alan Morrison as an umbrella organization for these projects. Today, Public Citizen has over 225,000 members and investigates congressional, health, environmental, economic and other issues.

During the Watergate affair, challenged the dismissal by Robert Bork of Nixon's special prosecutor Archibald Cox in the aftermath of the Saturday Night Massacre

1970s and 1980s A key leader in the antinuclear power movement

A prominent supporter of the Airline Deregulation Act

Spent much of 1970 pursuing a campaign to educate the public about ecology

Throughout his career, Nader has started or inspired a variety of nonprofit organizations, with most of which he has maintained close associations:

Citizen Advocacy Center

Citizens Utility Boards

Congress Accountability Project

Consumer Task Force For Automotive Issues

Corporate Accountability Research Project

Disability Rights Center

Equal Justice Foundation

Foundation for Taxpayers and Consumer Rights

Georgia Legal Watch

National Citizens' Coalition for Nursing Home Reform

National Coalition for Universities in the Public Interest

Pension Rights Center

PROD (truck safety)

Retired Professionals Action Group

The Shafeek Nader Trust for the Community Interest

1969: Center for the Study of Responsive Law

1970s: Public Interest Research Groups

1970: Center for Auto Safety

1970: Connecticut Citizen Action Group

1971: Aviation Consumer Action Project

1972: Clean Water Action Project

1972: Center for Women's Policy Studies

1973: Capitol Hill News Service

1980: Multinational Monitor (magazine covering multinational corporations)

1982: Trial Lawyers for Public Justice

1982: Essential Information (encourage citizen activism and do investigative journalism)

1983: Telecommunications Research and Action Center

1983: National Coalition for Universities in the Public Interest

1988: Taxpayer Assets Project, WFHW-LP

1989: Princeton Project 55 (alumni public service)

1993: Appleseed Foundation (local change)

1994: Resource Consumption Alliance (conserve trees)

1995: Center for Insurance Research

1995: Consumer Project on Technology

1997: Government Purchasing Project (encourage purchase of safe products)

1998: Center for Justice & Democracy

1998: Organization for Competitive Markets

1998: American Antitrust Institute (ensure fair competition)

1998: Commercial Alert (protect family, community, and democracy from corporations)

1999: Arizona Center for Law in the Public Interest

2000: Congressional Accountability Project (fight corruption in Congress)

2001: Citizen Works (promote NGO cooperation, build grassroots support, and start new groups)

2001: Democracy Rising (hold rallies to educate and empower citizens)

2002: Founded the D.C. Library Renaissance Project

Presidential Campaign History

1972

Nader's name appeared in the press as a potential candidate for President for the first time in 1971, when he was offered the opportunity to run as the Presidential candidate for the New Party, a progressive split-off from the Democratic Party in 1972. Nader declined their offer to run that year. Nader received one vote for the Vice Presidential nomination at the 1972 Democratic National Convention.

1992

Nader stood in as a write-in for "none of the above" in both the 1992 New Hampshire Democratic and Republican Primaries. He was also a candidate in the 1992 Massachusetts Democratic Primary, where he appeared at the top of the ballot, in some areas, he appeared on the ballot as an independent.

1996

Nader was drafted as a candidate for President of the United States on the Green Party ticket during the 1996 Presidential election. He was not formally nominated by the Green Party USA, which was, at the time, the largest national Green group, instead he was nominated independently by various state Green parties, in some states, he appeared on the ballot as an independent. However, many activists in the Green Party USA worked actively to campaign for Nader that year. He refused to raise or spend more than $5,000 on his campaign, presumably to avoid meeting the threshold for Federal Elections Commission reporting requirements; the unofficial Draft Nader committee could, and did, spend more than that, but the committee was legally prevented from coordinating in any way with Nader himself.

His 1996 running mates included Anne Goeke, nine states, Deborah Howes, Oregon, Muriel Tillinghast, New York, Krista Paradise, Colorado, Madelyn Hoffman, New Jersey, Bill Boteler, Washington, D.C., and Winona LaDuke, California and Texas

1996 Green Party candidate and Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton, Bob Dole, Ross Perot

2000

In June 2000 The Association of State Green Parties (ASGP) organized the national nominating convention that took place in Denver, Colorado, at which Green party delegates nominated Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke to be their party's candidates for President and Vice President

On July 9, the Vermont Progressive Party nominated Nader, giving him ballot access in the state. On August 12, the United Citizens Party of South Carolina chose Ralph Nader as its Presidential nominee, giving him a ballot line in the state.

A common claim is that Nader's candidacy acted as a spoiler in the 2000 U.S. Presidential election, in which 537 votes gave George W Bush a crucial and controversial victory in Florida. Others, including Nader, dispute this claim.

2000 Multi party candidate for President U.S., lost to George W Bush, Al Gore

2004

Nader announced on December 24, 2003, that he would not seek the Green Party's nomination for President in 2004, but did not rule out running as an independent candidate

Ralph Nader, with running mate Peter Camejo, see 1976, ran as an independent ticket, also Reform Party, Independent Party Delaware, Populist Party, Better Life Party, Cross-endorsements New York, Peace and Justice Party, Independence Party New York, Independence Party South Carolina. Nader was also endorsed by the Vermont Green Party who chose not to ratify the national party's Presidential nominee.

2004 Multi party candidate and Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to George W Bush, John Kerry

2008

After some consideration, Nader announced on February 24, 2008, that he would run for President as an independent. His Vice Presidential candidate was Matt Gonzalez, see 2008.

2008 Independent candidate for President U.S., lost to Barack Obama, John McCain

2012

In December, 2010, Nader said in an interview that while he had not ruled out the possibility of running for President in 2012, he was encouraging people to identify and help another progressive willing to challenge President Barack Obama in the Democratic Party primaries. As the 2012 Presidential race evolved, Nader continued to express hope that "outside Democrats" would assert themselves to influence it. Meanwhile, he continued his customary writing and lecturing on a prodigious range of political and timely topics. In August 2012, Nader suggested to vote for Jill Stein or Rocky Anderson.

Later Activities

2012: Moderated a debate for third party candidates in Washington D.C.. The debate was attended by Green Party Presidential candidate Jill Stein, Libertarian Gary Johnson, Rocky Anderson of the Justice Party and Constitution Party candidate Virgil Goode.He later moderated a similar debate in a studio appearance broadcast by Russia Today.  

Since March 2014: Has co-hosted the weekly Ralph Nader Radio Hour produced at KPFK-FM in Los Angeles and distributed via the Pacifica Radio Network  

2015: After a decade planning, founded the American Museum of Tort Law in Winsted, Connecticut

2016: Unsuccessfully sought a seat on the Harvard University Board of Overseers

Winona LaDuke CA Reform Party

American Indian activist, environmentalist, economist

Both parents were activists, influenced by her father, LaDuke became interested in tribal issues from an early age. She attended public school and was on the debate team in high school, placing third in an Oregon state competition as a senior.

Went on to college at Harvard, where she became part of a group of Indian activists. She graduated in 1982 with a degree in rural economic development.

Upon graduating from college, LaDuke moved to White Earth without knowing the Ojibwe language or many people, and was not quickly accepted. She worked as principal of the high school on the reservation in Minnesota. At the same time, she was doing research for her master's thesis on the reservation's subsistence economy and quickly became involved in local issues.

Completed an M.A. in Community Economic Development at Antioch University

While working as a principal on the reservation, LaDuke became an activist
 
1985 Helped found the Indigenous Women's Network

Became involved in the struggle to recover lands for the Anishinaabe

1989 Founded the White Earth Land Recovery Project (WELRP) in Minnesota

Executive Director of Honor the Earth, an organization she co-founded with Indigo Girls in 1993

In 1996 and 2000, in addition to her many other activities, LaDuke ran as the Vice Presidential candidate with Ralph Nader on the Green Party ticket. She was not endorsed by the tribal council, which seldom endorses any national party candidate.

1996 Green Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ralph Nader, lost

2000 Green Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Ralph Nader, lost

LaDuke endorsed the Democratic Party ticket for President and Vice President in 2004, 2008, 2012


Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on April 07, 2016, 11:05:07 am
1996 Continued

Harry Browne TN Libertarian Party

Investment analyst

1953-1956 United States Army, active military service

1956-1961 United States Army Reserves

1960s Taught courses such as: The Economics of Freedom, The Tools of Success, Tools of the Market, The Economics of Success, and The Art of Profitable Living

Was an investment advisor for much of his life, and developed the so-called "permanent portfolio" investment strategy, which claims to identify the four types of economic conditions that can apply over a given investment period, and the appropriate asset classes that give both profit from the upside of these conditions, and some measure of protection when they cease to prevail.

1970 Published his first book, How You Can Profit From The Coming Devaluation. Browne's second book, How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World, was published in 1973. You Can Profit from a Monetary Crisis was Browne's third book. He continued to write and publish books including his personal finance book, Fail-Safe Investing: Lifelong Financial Security in 30 Minutes, published in 2001.

According to Browne's web site, he was a consultant to the Permanent Portfolio Fund which utilizes some of the investment strategies described in his book, Fail-Safe Investing. Browne also authored books and gave lectures on actively living a Libertarian lifestyle. His book How I Found Freedom in an Unfree World gave a detailed explanation of how one can bring Libertarian concepts to every aspect of your life. His posthumously released 1960s lecture series, "The Art of Profitable Living," was released as a 20-CD album titled, "Rule Your World."

1996 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

2000 Libertarian Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

After the 2000 elections, Browne had continued working to increase the popularity of libertarian goals to reduce the size and scope of government. In addition to writing and making appearances on behalf of the Downsize DC Foundation (an organization he helped to co-found and for which he served as Director of Public Policy for a year and a half), he hosted two weekly network radio shows, one on Saturdays dealing with politics, which he often called “The Libertarian Conversation” (since listeners were encouraged to call in), and the other on Sundays, called "The Money Show", dealing with financial topics. Both of these radio programs were on the Genesis Communications Network.

Browne also worked with the Free Market News Network, of which he was the President for much of 2005, and a Senior Political Analyst. Via Free Market News, he had his own internet-based television show called This Week In Liberty, which ran for 25 episodes.

Prior to his death, he was also working on a book called The War Racket: The Lies, Myths, and Propaganda that Feed the American War Machine. War, he contended, was just another government program, and was essentially flawed because "government never solves anything."

Also authored thousands of articles and was a contributor to the news and opinion blog LewRockwell.com, to Antiwar.com, and to World Net Daily. He published the financial newsletter Harry Browne Special Reports from 1974 to 1997.

Jo Jorgensen SC Libertarian Party

Psychology lecturer at Clemson University, Clemson, SC

1992 Candidate for U.S. House of Representatives SC, lost

1996 Libertarian Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Harry Browne, lost

Howard Phillips VA U.S. Constitution Party (U.S. Taxpayers Party) candidate for President U.S. See 1992

Herbert Titus OR U.S. Constitution Party (U.S. Taxpayers Party)

Attorney, writer, politician.

Holds a law degree, cum laude, from Harvard University

Holds a B.S. degree in Political Science from the University of Oregon

An active member of the Bar of Virginia and is admitted to practice before the United States Supreme Court, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, the United States Court of Federal Claims, and the United States Courts of Appeals for the Sixth, Tenth, District of Columbia and Federal Circuits.

1996 Constitution Party (U.S. Taxpayers Party) candidate for Vice President U.S. with Howard Phillips, lost

1964-1979 Professor of law at the State Universities of Oklahoma, Colorado and Oregon

Active in various left-wing-based political causes: opposing the war in Vietnam; supporting abortion; and homosexual rights. As a regional director with the American Civil Liberties Union, worked with attorneys and clients on a number of constitutional cases.

1979 Left his tenured position as professor of law at the University of Oregon, becoming a member of the charter faculty at the O. W. Coburn School of Law at Oral Roberts University. Three years later, Titus moved to CBN University (later named Regent University), where he served for eleven years, first as the founding Dean of the School of Public Policy and as Vice-President for Academic Affairs and then as the founding Dean of the School of Law.

Along with Roy Moore, Titus was an original drafter of the Constitution Restoration Act, which sought to take out of federal court jurisdiction cases that involved public officials that acknowledged God as the sovereign source of law, liberty, or government, and provided for the impeachment of federal judges who disregarded the act. The act did not pass either time it was introduced.

John Hagelin IA Natural Law Party

Completed an undergraduate degree in physics with highest honors, summa cum laude, from Dartmouth. Studied physics at Harvard, earning a Master's degree in 1976 and a PhD in 1981

By the time Hagelin had received his Ph.D. from Harvard, he had published "several serious papers" on particle theory

1981 Became a postdoctoral researcher at the European Center for Particle Physics (CERN) in Switzerland, and in 1982 he moved to the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC)

1983 Suddenly left the SLAC reportedly due to personal problems. A year later in 1984 he joined the Maharishi International University (MIU) as chairman of the physics department where he continued research in physics.

A professor of physics at Maharishi University of Management, formerly MIU. He was also to be the President of Maharishi Central University, which was under construction in Smith Center, Kansas until early 2008, when, according to Hagelin, the project was put on hold while the TM organization dealt with the death of Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.

The Natural Law Party (NLP) was founded in 1992 by Hagelin and 12 others who felt that governmental problems could be solved more effectively by following "Natural Laws"

1992 Natural Law Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

1996 Natural Law Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Bill Clinton

2000 Natural Law Party candidate and Perot wing of the Reform Party candidate, which disputed the nomination of Pat Buchanan, lost to George W Bush

Director of the Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy, a think tank at Maharishi University of Management

Established the US Peace Government (USPG) on July 4, 2003, as an affiliate of the Global Country of World Peace

Founder and International Director of the Global Union of Scientists for Peace, an international organization of prominent scientists opposed to nuclear proliferation and war

Mike Tompkins MA Natural Law Party

1970 Graduated from Harvard University and completed his post-graduate studies at Maharishi European Research University (MERU) in Seelisberg, Switzerland in 1984, where he received a doctorate in the Science of Creative Intelligence

Became an associate director of the Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy, a nonprofit organization affiliated with the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi that defines itself as a "progressive policy think tank."

1992 Natural Law Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John Hagelin, lost

1996 Natural Law Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with John Hagelin, lost

Howard Phillips Taxpayer's Party candidate for President U.S. 1996, see 1992

Herb Titus OR Taxpayer's Party

Holds a law degree from Harvard University, graduating cum laude, and a B.S. degree in Political Science from the University of Oregon, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa

An active member of the Virginia Bar and is admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, the U.S. Court of Federal Claims, and the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth, and District of Columbia and Federal Circuits. He is also admitted to practice in the Army Court of Criminal Appeals and the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces

Served two years as a trial attorney and a Special Assistant United States Attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice

Worked as a professor of law from 1964 to 1979 at the State Universities of Oklahoma, Colorado and Oregon. Was active in various left-wing-based political causes during this period, including opposing the Vietnam War, supporting homosexual rights and abortion rights. He also worked with attorneys and clients on a number of constitutional cases in his role as a regional director with the American Civil Liberties Union.

1976 Views became much more conservative

Left his tenured position as professor of law at the University of Oregon in 1979, to become a member of the charter faculty at the O. W. Coburn School of Law at Oral Roberts University. Three years later, moved to CBN University (later named Regent University), where he served for a total of eleven years, first as the founding Dean of the School of Public Policy and then as Vice-President for Academic Affairs. Starting in 1986, became the founding Dean of the College of Law and Government in Regent University. All told, has taught Constitutional law, common law, and other subjects at five different law schools for almost 30 years.

Iis the author of a book entitled God, Man and Law: The Biblical Principles.

Practices at the Virginia law firm of William J. Olson, P.C., specializing in Constitutional Law, Legislative Practice, Appellate Practice, Election and Campaign Finance, and Firearms Law.

1996 Taxpayers Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Howard Phollips, lost

Along with Alabama's Chief Justice Roy Moore, was an original drafter of the Constitution Restoration Act, which sought to take out of federal court jurisdiction cases that involved public officials that acknowledged God as the sovereign source of law, liberty, or government, and provided for the impeachment of federal judges who disregarded the act. The act did not pass either time it was introduced






Title: Re: Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates
Post by: Lincoln Republican on April 07, 2016, 11:05:42 am
2000

George W Bush TX Republican

=====
Great Grandson of Samuel Prescott Bush

In the spring of 1918, banker Bernard Baruch was asked to reorganize the War Industries Board as the U.S. prepared to enter World War I, and placed several prominent businessmen to key posts. Samuel Prescott Bush became chief of the Ordnance, Small Arms, and Ammunition Section, with national responsibility for government assistance to and relations with munitions companies.

Samuel Prescott Bush served on the board of the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, as well as of the Huntington National Bank of Columbus. In 1931, he was appointed to President Herbert Hoover's President's Committee for Unemployment Relief, chaired by Walter S. Gifford, then President of AT&T. Samuel Prescott Bush was once recommended to serve on the board of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, but Hoover did not feel he was sufficiently known nationally.

Grandson of Prescott Bush, CT Republican finance chairman 1947-1950, unsuccessful Republican Party candidate U.S. Senate CT 1950, U.S. Senate CT 1952-1963

Son of George H W Bush, U.S. House of Representatives TX 1967-1971, unsuccessful Republican candidate U.S. Senate TX 1970, U.S. Ambassador to United Nations 1971-1973, Chairman Republican National Committee 1971-1974, Chief of U.S. Liaison Office to People's Republic of China 1974-1975, Director Central Intelligence 1976-1977, Vice President U.S. 1981-1989,  President U.S. 1989-1993, Republican Party candidate for President U.S. 1992, lost  

Brother of Jeb Bush, Chairman Dade County Republican Party mid 1980's, Secretary of Commerce FL 1987-1988, Republican candidate Governor FL, 1994, defeated, Governor FL 1999-2007, unsuccessful candidate Republican Party nomination President U.S. 2016

Uncle of George P Bush, Served as a member of several diplomacy missions, including one to Nicaragua for the second peaceful transfer of power in that country, and one to Brazil for the Pan American Games in 2007. Joined two US Congressional delegations, one to Saudi Arabia during the Arab Spring of 2011 and one to Turkey in 2012 at the time of the civil war in neighboring Syria. As of 2012 was the deputy finance chairman of the Republican Party of Texas. Commissioner Texas General Land Office, took office 2015.
=====

1964-1968 Yale University, B.A. in history

1968-1974 Texas Air National Guard, Alabama Air National Guard

1972 Political Director for unsuccessful Alabama U.S. Senate campaign of Republican Winton M Blount

1973-1975 Harvard University, Harvard Business School, Master of Business Administration

The only U.S. President to have an M.B.A.

1974 Honorably discharged from U.S. Air Force Reserve, rank of 1st Lieutenant

1978 Republican Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives TX, lost

1988 Served as a campaign adviser and liaison to the media on successful Presidential campaign of his father, George H W Bush

1989 Purchased a share in Texas Rangers baseball franchise, where he served as managing general partner for five years

Nov 1991 Asked by his father, President George H W Bush, to tell White House Chief of Staff John H Sununu to resign

Dec 1991 Was one of seven people named by his father, President George H W Bush, to run his ultimately unsuccessful 1992 Presidential re-election campaign as campaign advisor

Worked in oil industry and began a series of small, independent oil exploration companies. Created Arbusto Energy, and later changed the name to Bush Exploration. In 1984, his company merged with the larger Spectrum 7, and Bush became chairman. Served on the board of directors for HKN Inc.

1994 Won Republican primary for Governor TX

1994 Elected Governor TX, defeating Democratic incumbent Governor Ann Richards

1998 Reelected Governor TX, defeating Democrat Garry Mauro, the four-term Commissioner of the Texas General Land Office

Became the first Governor in Texas history to be elected to two consecutive four year terms

For most of Texas history, Governors served two-year terms. A constitutional amendment extended those terms to four years starting in 1975.

Jan 17 1995-Dec 21 2000 Governor TX, resigned as Governor after his election as President U.S.

2000 Candidate for Republican Party nomination for President U.S., won

2000 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

2000 Elected President U.S. in controversial election, resulting in a  lengthy recount of votes in FL

The Florida election recount of 2000 was a period of vote re-counting that occurred following the unclear results of the 2000 United States Presidential election between George W Bush and Al Gore, specifically the FL results. The FL vote was ultimately settled in favor of George W Bush, by a margin of only 537 votes out of almost 6 million cast, when the U.S. Supreme Court, with its final ruling on Bush v. Gore, stopped a recount that had been proposed by the all-Democrat FL Supreme Court. The outcome resulted in Bush gaining a majority of votes in the Electoral College, winning the overall Presidential election.

2004 Republican Party candidate for reelection President U.S., reelected

Jan 20 2001-Jan 20 2009 43rd President U.S.

Post Presidency

Since leaving office, has kept a relatively low profile, though he has made public appearances

At President Obama's request, Bush and Bill Clinton established the Clinton Bush Haiti Fund to raise contributions for relief and recovery efforts following the 2010 Haiti earthquake earlier in January

May 2 2011 President Obama called Bush to inform him that Osama bin Laden had been killed

The Bushes joined the Obamas in New York City to mark the tenth anniversary of the Sep 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. At the Ground Zero memorial, Bush read a letter that President Abraham Lincoln wrote to a widow who lost five sons during the Civil War.

First Lady of the United States Laura Bush 2001-2009

Southern Methodist University Dallas graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in education 1968.

Graduated with a Master of Science degree in Library Science from University of Texas at Austin 1973.

Dick Cheney WY Republican

=====
Father of Liz Cheney

1989-1993 Worked for U.S. Department of State, U.S. Agency for International Development

After 1993 Worked for Armitage Associates LLP, the consulting firm founded by Richard Armitage, then a former Defense Department official and Iran-Contra operative who later served as Deputy Secretary of State

Special Assistant to Deputy Secretary of State for Assistance to the former Soviet Union, and as a USAID officer in U.S. embassies in Budapest and Warsaw

2002-2004 Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs

2004 Bush-Cheney re-election campaign

2005 U.S. Department of State, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs and Coordinator for Broader Middle East and North Africa Initiatives

Was briefly a candidate for U.S. Senate WY, challenging three term incumbent Mike Enzi, before dropping out of the race

2017 Assumed office U.S. House of Representatives WY
=====

Attended Yale University, but by his own account had problems adjusting to the college, and flunked out twice

Later attended University of Wyoming, where he earned both a Bachelor of Arts and a Master of Arts in political science

Subsequently started, but did not finish, doctoral studies at the University of Wisconsin–Madison

1969 Intern for Congressman William A. Steiger, Republican WI

1969-1970 On staff of Donald Rumsfeld, who was then Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity

1971 White House Staff Assistant

1971-1973 Assistant Director of the Cost of Living Council

1974-1975 Deputy Assistant to the President

1975 Assistant to the President

Nov 21 1975-Jan 20 1977 White House Chief of Staff under President Gerald Ford

1976 Campaign Manager for President Gerald Ford's Presidential campaign

1976 Headed President Gerald Ford's Vice Presidential search committee

Jan 3 1979-Mar 20 1989 U.S. House of Representatives WY

Jan 3 1987-Jan 3 1989 Chairman House Republican Conf