Public Offices held by Presidential and Vice Presidential candidates

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Lincoln Republican:
1904 Continued

Charles W Fairbanks  IN Republican

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Fairbanks's ancestry traced back to Puritan followers of Oliver Cromwell, with Jonathan Fayerbankes the first family member to reach America in 1632
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1872 Graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University

1872 Agent of the Associated Press in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, reporting on political rallies for Horace Greeley during the Presidential election

Moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he briefly attended law school before his admittance to the Ohio bar in 1874

1874 Moved to Indianapolis, Indiana

1888 Prior to Republican National Convention, federal judge Walter Q. Gresham sought Fairbanks's help in seeking the nomination for U.S. President. While the bid was ultimately unsuccessful, Fairbanks began to take an even greater interest in politics.

1893 Candidate for U.S. Senate IN, lost

1894 Was the most visible organizer and speaker on behalf of Republicans in elections for the State Legislature. He was credited with delivering Republican majorities to both the Indiana House of Representatives and Indiana Senate.

1896 Republican National Convention served as both temporary chairman and keynote speaker, further raising his public profile.

1896 Elected U.S. Senate IN

Mar 4 1897-Mar 4 1905 U.S. Senate IN

1898 Appointed a member of the United States and British Joint High Commission which met in Quebec City for the adjustment of Canadian questions, including the boundary dispute about Alaska

1904 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Theodore Roosevelt, elected

Mar 4 1905-Mar 4 1909 26th Vice President U.S. with Theodore Roosevelt

1908 Candidate for Republican Party Presidential nomination, lost to William Howard Taft.  Taft supported by Roosevelt.

1912 Supported reelection of William Howard Taft rather than Progressive ("Bull Moose") candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt

1916 In charge of establishing platform for Republican Party

1916 Candidate for Republican Presidential nomination, lost to Charles Evans Hughes

1916 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Charles Evans Hughes, lost

Fairbanks is the last former Vice President to seek reelection as Vice President for a non-consecutive term, with Adlai Stevenson I before him

Second Lady of the United States Cornelia Fairbanks 1905-1909

Daughter of Republican Ohio State Senator Philander Cole.

Attended Ohio Wesleyan Female College, graduated with an A.B. 1872.

Served on the State Board of Charities 1885-1888.

Elected President General National Society of Daughters of the American Revolution 1901,  serving two terms.

Active with the George Junior Republic movement.

Alton B Parker NY Bourbon Democrat, Democratic

1873 Graduated Albany Law School with an LL.B.

1870s Became active with the Democratic Party and was an early supporter of future New York Governor and US President Grover Cleveland

1870s Practiced law in Kingston, NY

1877 Elected surrogate of Ulster County, NY, reelected 1883

1884 Served as a delegate to Democratic National Convention at which Grover Cleveland was named the party's Presidential nominee

1884 Managed Democratic candidate David B. Hill's successful campaign for Governor NY

1885 After his election, Hill appointed Parker to fill a vacancy on the New York State Supreme Court

1886 Elected to his own fourteen-year term on New York State Supreme Court

1889 Became a trial judge when Hill appointed him to the newly formed Second Division of the Court of Appeals

1897 Elected Chief Judge New York Court of Appeals

1898-1904 Chief Judge New York Court of Appeals

1904 Democratic Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

1904 After receiving the Democratic Party nomination for President U.S., Parker resigned from the bench

1906-1907 President American Bar Association

1910 Managed Democratic candidate John A. Dix's successful campaign for Governor NY

1912 Delivered keynote address at the Democratic National Convention, which nominated Woodrow Wilson for President

1913 Was counsel for the managers of the trial leading to the impeachment of John A Dix's successor as Governor of New York, Democrat William Sulzer

Henry G Davis WV Democratic

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Brother of Thomas Beall Davis, West Virginia Democratic State Executive Committee 1876-1907,  West Virginia State House of Delegates 1899-1900, U.S. House of Representatives WV 1905-1907
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1865 Elected a member of the WV House of Delegates

1866 Founded Potomac and Piedmont Coal and Railway Company

1869-1871 WV State Senate

Mar 4 1871-Mar 4 1883 U.S. Senate WV

1889 Represented U.S. at Pan-American Conference

1901 Represented U.S. at Pan-American Conference

1901-1916 Acted as Chairman of Permanent Pan American Railway Committee

1904 Democratic Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Alton B. Parker, lost

Chosen as the candidate for Vice President U.S. primarily because of his ability to provide much needed funds to the campaign
  
At age 80, Davis was, and is, the oldest person to be nominated for President U.S. or Vice President U.S. on a major party ticket


Lincoln Republican:
1904 Continued

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. See 1900

Benjamin Hanford NY Socialist Party of America

Printer

1892 Became involved in affairs of International Typographical Union Local No. 6

1893 Joined Socialist Labor Party (SLP)

1898 SLP candidate Governor NY, lost

1899 SLP split, left organization with an anti-dual union faction

1900 Breakaway faction, Social Democratic Party, candidate Governor NY, lost

1901 Breakaway faction, Social Democratic Party, candidate Mayor New York City, lost

1901 the eastern "Social Democratic Party" of Hillquit, Slobodin, and Hanford merged with the Chicago-based Social Democratic Party of America headed by Eugene V. Debs and Victor L. Berger to form the Socialist Party of America (SPA), of which Hanford became a charter member

1902 Socialist Party of America candidate Governor NY, lost

1904 Socialist Party of America candidate Vice President U.S., with Eugene V Debs, lost

1908 Socialist Party of America candidate Vice President U.S.,  with Eugene V debs, lost

Silas C Swallow PA Prohibition candidate for President U.S. See 1900

George W Carroll TX Prohibition

Oil and lumber businessman

Longtime advocate for the prohibition of sale of alcoholic beverages

1904 Candidate Prohibition Party for Vice President U.S. with Silas C Swallow, lost

Thomas E Watson GA Populist candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Thomas Henry Tibbles NE Populist

Journalist, author

Activist for Native American rights

At 16 years of age traveled to Kansas and participated in the "Bleeding Kansas" slavery-related border conflict on the side of the abolitionists

1879 As assistant editor of the Omaha Daily Herald, he was instrumental in bringing the case of Standing Bear and the Ponca Indian people before the United States District Court at Fort Omaha.  This case was famous for its ruling that "an Indian is a person," with all the rights of full citizens.

1891 Was a witness to the aftermath of the massacre of Native Americans at Wounded Knee and reported this tragedy to the world

1893-1895 Worked as a newspaper correspondent in Washington D.C. On returning to Nebraska, Tibbles became editor-in-chief of The Independent, a weekly Populist Party newspaper.

1904 Populist Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Watson, lost

Charles Hunter Corregan NY Socialist Labor Party of America

Printer

1898 Socialist Labor Party candidate NY Attorney General, lost

1900 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor NY, lost

1904 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Theodore Roosevelt

1928 Socialist Labor Party candidate Governor NY, lost

William Wesley Cox  MO Socialist Labor Party of America

Interior Decorator

A Presidential, Vice Presidential, and perennial U.S. Senate candidate of the Socialist Labor Party of America

MO state chairman of the SLP member of the American Civil Liberties Union

1904 Socialist Labor Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Charles Hunter Corregan, lost

1920 Socialist Labor Party candidate President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

Ran in many elections, and his last attempt at office was in 1944, running unsuccessfully for the United States Senate seat in MO

Lincoln Republican:
1908  

William Howard Taft OH Republican

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Son of Alphonso Taft, U.S. Attorney General 1876-1877, U.S. Secretary of War 1876, Minister to Austria-Hungary 1882-1884, Minister to Russia 1884-1885

Of note, President William Howard Taft was as well Secretary of War, 1904-1908

Brother of Charles Phelps Taft U.S. House of Representatives OH 1895-1897  

Father of Robert A Taft, OH House of Representatives 1921-1931, OH Senate 1931-1933, U.S. Senate OH 1939-1953, unsuccessful candidate for Republican Presidential nomination 1952, U.S. Senate Majority Leader 1953  

Father of Charles Phelps Taft II, Cincinnati, OH City Council 1938-1942, 1948-1951, Mayor Cincinnati, OH 1955-1957, Cincinnati, OH City Council 1957-1977

Grandfather of William Howard Taft III, 1949 went to Dublin, Ireland, as part of the Marshall Plan aid mission and worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Department 1951-1953, U.S. Ambassador to Ireland 1953-1957

Grandfather of Robert A Taft Jr., OH House of Representatives 1955-1962, U.S. House of Representatives OH 1963-1965, Republican candidate for U.S. Senate OH 1964, defeated, U.S. House of Representatives 0H 1967-1971, U.S. Senate OH 1971-1976

Grandfather of Seth Chase Taft, unsuccessful candidate OH Senate 1962, unsuccessful candidate Mayor Cleveland, OH 1967, losing to Democratic candidate Carl B. Stokes, the first African American Mayor of a major U.S. city. Taft served as Cuyahoga County, OH Commissioner 1971-1978, unsuccessfully sought Republican nomination  Governor OH 1982.

Great grandfather of Robert A "Bob" Taft III, OH House of Representatives 1977-1980, Hamilton County, OH Commissioner 1981-1990, Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor OH 1986, defeated, OH Secretary of State 1991-1999, Governor OH 1999-2007

Great grandfather of William Howard Taft IV, attorney adviser to chairman Federal Trade Commission 1970, principal assistant to Caspar W. Weinberger, who was deputy director, then director, of the Office of Management and Budget in the Executive Office of the President 1970-1973, executive assistant to U.S. Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare 1973-1976,  general counsel U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 1976, General Counsel U.S. Department of Defense 1981-1984, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense 1984-1989, acting U.S. Secretary of Defense Jan-Mar 1989, U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO, with rank of ambassador 1989-1992, legal adviser U.S. Department of State 2001-2005
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1878 Graduated from Yale College with a Bachelor of Arts Degree, ranking second in his class out of 121

1880 Graduated from Cincinnati Law School with a Bachelor of Laws degree

While in law school, worked on The Cincinnati Commercial newspaper, edited by Murat Halstead. Taft was assigned to cover the local courts, and also spent time reading law in his father's office. Both activities gave him practical knowledge of the law that was not taught in class. Shortly before graduating from law school, Taft went to the state capital of Columbus to take the bar examination and easily passed.

After admission to the Ohio bar, appointed Assistant Prosecutor of Hamilton County, OH, based in Cincinnati

1882 Appointed local Collector of Internal Revenue

1884 Campaigned for Republican Presidential candidate U.S. Senator James G. Blaine of Maine, who lost to New York Governor Grover Cleveland

1887 Appointed a judge of the Superior Court of Cincinnati

Feb 1890-Mar 1892 Solicitor General of United States
At age 32, was the youngest ever Solicitor General of United States

1891 Began serving on the newly created U.S. Court of Appeals for Sixth Circuit

1892 Confirmed by the Senate on March 17 and received his commission that same day

Mar 17 1892-Mar 15 1900 Judge U.S. Court of Appeals for Sixth Circuit

Along with his judgeship, between 1896 and 1900 Taft also served as the first dean and a professor of constitutional law at the University of Cincinnati

1900 Appointed by President William McKinley chairman of a commission to organize a civilian government in the Philippines which had been ceded to the United States by Spain following the Spanish–American War and the 1898 Treaty of Paris

Although Taft had been opposed to the annexation of the islands, and had told McKinley his real ambition was to become a Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, he reluctantly accepted the appointment

Jul 4 1901-Dec 23 1903 First civilian Governor General of Philippines

1902 Visited Rome to negotiate with Pope Leo XIII for the purchase of Philippine lands owned by the Roman Catholic Church, then persuaded Congress to appropriate more than $7 million to purchase these lands, which he sold to Filipinos on easy terms

1903 President Theodore Roosevelt offered Taft the seat on the U.S. Supreme Court to which he had for so long aspired, but he reluctantly declined since he viewed the Filipinos as not yet being capable of governing themselves and because of his popularity among them.  Roosevelt actually made the offer of a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court on several different occasions, being met with a decline every time.

Feb 1 1904-Jun 30 1908 U.S. Secretary of War under President Theodore Roosevelt

1904 Campaigned for Republican Presidential nominee Theodore Roosevelt in Presidential election, Roosevelt wins  

1906 President Roosevelt sent troops to restore order in Cuba during the revolt
 
Sep 29 1906-Oct 13 1906 First Provisional Governor of Cuba

1906 Roosevelt made his third offer to Taft of a position on the U.S. Supreme Court which he again declined

Taft indicated to Roosevelt he wanted to be Chief Justice of the United States, not President, but there was no vacancy and Roosevelt wanted Taft to succeed him as President U.S.

1906 Campaigned for Republican candidates in mid term elections

1907 Roosevelt began touting Taft as the best choice for the Republican Presidential nomination for the party for 1908

For a time, Taft served as Acting Secretary of State

1908 Republican Party candidate for President U.S., elected

Mar 4 1909-Mar 4 1913 27th President U.S.

1912 Republican Party candidate for President U.S.,  lost to Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt

Had been made president of the Lincoln Memorial Commission while still in office. Dedicated the Lincoln Memorial as Chief Justice in 1922

1913-1921 Chancellor Kent Professor of Law and Legal History at Yale Law School  

1913 Elected president of the American Bar Association for a one year term

Earned money with paid speeches and with articles for magazines, and would end his eight years out of office having increased his savings

After leaving the Presidency Taft maintained a cordial relationship with President Woodrow Wilson

1914 When World War I broke out in Europe founded the League to Enforce Peace

As president of the League to Enforce Peace, Taft hoped to prevent war through an international association of nations

1916 While at Yale, wrote the treatise, Our Chief Magistrate and His Powers

When President Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany in Apr 1917, Taft was an enthusiastic supporter

Taft was chairman of the American Red Cross' executive committee, occupying much of the former President's time

Taft took leave from Yale to be co-chairman of the National War Labor Board 1917-1918, tasked with assuring industrial peace

1918 When Wilson proposed establishment of a League of Nations, with the League's charter part of the Treaty of Versailles, Taft expressed public support

Jul 11 1921-Feb 3 1930 Chief Justice of the United States, nominated by President Warren G Harding
 
Taft remains the only person to have led both the Executive and Judicial branches of the United States government

Became the only U.S. President to serve as Chief Justice of the United States, and thus the only former U.S. President to administer the oath of office to subsequent U.S. Presidents, administering the oath of office to Calvin Coolidge Mar 4 1925 and to Herbert Hoover  Mar 4 1929

Resigned as Chief Justice of the United States Feb 3 1930, died shortly afterwards, Mar 8, 1930

First Lady of the United States Helen Taft 1909-1913

The fourth child of Judge John Williamson Herron, a law partner of Rutherford B. Hayes, and Harriet Collins.

Graduated from the Cincinnati College of Music.

With her parents, attended the twenty fifth wedding anniversary celebration of President and Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes at the White House 1877.

Her grandfather, Ela Collins, and uncle, William Collins, were both members of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York.

Lincoln Republican:
1908 Continued

James S Sherman NY Republican

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According to Facts on File, "Sherman was of the ninth generation of descendants from Henry Sherman, a line also connected to Roger Sherman, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and William Tecumseh Sherman, the Union General during the Civil War"

Son of Richard U Sherman

Brigadier general, New York State militia 1841–1857
Clerk New York State Assembly 1851-1857
Member New York State Assembly 1857
Delegate New York State Constitutional Convention 1867–1868
Assistant clerk U.S. House of Representatives 1870
Member New York State Assembly 1875-1876
Secretary New York State Fish and Game Commission 1879–1890

Brother of Richard W Sherman Mayor Utica NY 1900-1901
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Educated at Hamilton College, where he was noted for his skills in oratory and debate

1880 After law studies was admitted to New York bar

Practiced law at the local firm of Cookingham & Martin, and also served as president of the Utica Trust & Deposit Co. and the New Hartford Canning Co.

Mar 1884-Mar 1885 Mayor Utica, NY

Mar 4 1887-Mar 3 1891 United States House of Representatives NY

1890 Candidate for United States House of Representatives NY, defeated

1892 Delegate from New York to Republican National Convention
 
Mar 4 1893-Mar 3 1909 United States House of Representatives NY

1908 Republican Party candidate for Vice President U.S. with William Howard Taft, elected

Mar 4, 1909–Oct 30, 1912 27th Vice President U.S. under William Howard Taft.  Sherman died in office.

To date, Sherman is the last Vice President U.S. to have died in office

1912 Renominated for Vice President U.S. on Republican ticket with William Howard Taft, the first time a sitting Vice President had been renominated in eighty-four years

But Sherman's health had collapsed, due to his steadily worsening kidney condition (Bright's disease), and he gave his acceptance speech against medical advice. Just days before the election, Oct 30 1912, he died at home in Utica, New York, and President Taft was left with no running mate with less than a week before the election, although Nicholas Murray Butler of New York was designated to receive the electoral votes that Sherman would have received. Taft and Butler were defeated by the Democratic ticket of Woodrow Wilson and Thomas R. Marshall, as well as by the Progressive, "Bull Moose," ticket of Theodore Roosevelt and Hiram Johnson.  The office of Vice President remained vacant until Marshall's inauguration, Mar 4, 1913.

Second Lady of the United States Carrie Sherman 1909-1912

During her tenure as Second Lady, she founded the Congressional Club for Senators' and Representatives' wives.

William Jennings Bryan NE Democratic candidate for President U.S. See 1896

John W Kern IN Democratic

Studied law at the University of Michigan

Began to practice law in Kokomo, Indiana

1871-1884 City Attorney Kokomo, IN

1893-1897 Indiana State Senate

1893-1897 Assistant U.S. Attorney for IN

1897-1901 City Solicitor Indianapolis IN

1900 Democratic candidate Governor IN, lost

1904 Democratic candidate Governor IN, lost

1908 Democratic Party candidate Vice President U.S. with William Jennings Bryan, lost

After Bryan was defeated by Taft, Kern was subsequently outmaneuvered by Democrat Benjamin F. Shively for an open U.S. Senate seat for Indiana

When Indiana's other Senate seat opened in 1910, the Democratic-controlled state legislature rewarded Kern with a seat in the United States Senate

Mar 4 1911-Mar 3 1917 U.S. Senate IN

Mar 4 1913-Mar 3 1917  Chairman of Senate Democratic Caucus.  While the title was not official, he is considered to be the first Senate Majority leader, and in turn, the first Senate Democratic Leader, while serving concurrently as Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus.

1916 Defeated for reelection to U.S. Senate IN

Kern was a champion of the direct election of Senators

At Bryan's urging, President Wilson considered Kern for appointment to high public office, but Kern died on August 17, 1917

Eugene V Debs IN Socialist Party of America candidate for President U.S. see 1900

Benjamin Hanford NY Socialist Party of America candidate for Vice President U.S. See 1904

Lincoln Republican:
1908 Continued

Eugene W Chafin IL Prohibition

Lawyer

1882 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. House of Representatives WI, lost

1886 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General WI, lost

1898 Prohibition Party candidate for Governor WI, lost

1900 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General WI, lost

1902 Prohibition Party candidate for U.S. House  of Representatives IL, lost

1904 Prohibition Party candidate for Attorney General IL, lost

1908 Appointed to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States

1909 Moved to Arizona. While in Arizona ran for United States Senate AZ, lost

1908 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

1912 Prohibition Party candidate for President U.S., lost to Woodrow Wilson

Aaron S Watkins OH Prohibition

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Grandfather of Prohibition candidate for Vice President of the United States, W. Dean Watkins 2000
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Lawyer

President of Asbury College in Kentucky

Methodist Minister

Received honorary degrees of Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Doctor of Laws, Doctor of Divinity, Doctor of Humane Letters and Doctor of Philosophy

Long dedicated to promoting the temperance movement, Watkins served as Prohibition Party

Candidate for various political offices, including
 
1904 Prohibition candidate for US House of Representatives OH, lost

1908 Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene W Chafin, lost

1912 Prohibition candidate for Vice President U.S. with Eugene W Chafin, lost

1920 Prohibition candidate for President U.S., lost to Warren G Harding

Thomas L Higsin MA Independence Party

1908 Independence Party candidate President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft

John Temple Graves GA Independence Party

1884 Presidential Elector for Florida

1888 Presidential Elector for Georgia

1908 Independence Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Thomas L Higsin, lost

1912 Speaker at Democratic National Convention

Thomas E Watson GA Populist Party candidate for President U.S. See 1896

Samuel Williams IN Populist

1908 Populist Party candidate Vice President U.S. with Thomas E Watson, lost

August Gillhaus NY Socialist Labor

1908 Substituted for the original nominee, “Morrie” Preston, a miner who was arrested on murder charges during a citywide strike in Goldfield, Nevada, in 1907

1908 Socialist Labor candidate President U.S., lost to William Howard Taft  

1912 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. with Arthur E. Reimer, lost

1914 Socialist Labor candidate State Engineer and Surveyor NY, lost

1916 Socialist Labor candidate U.S. Senate NY, lost

1918 Socialist Labor candidate Lieutenant Governor NY, lost

1920 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. William Wesley Cox, lost

1930 Socialist Labor candidate State Attorney General NY, lost

Donald L Munro VA Socialist Labor

Machinist and toolmaker

1908 Socialist Labor candidate Vice President U.S. with August Gillhaus, lost

1924 Socialist Labor candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia

1928 Socialist Labor candidate for Presidential Elector for Virginia



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