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  1792 Pennsylvania and Westsylvania By-Elections
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Lumine
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« on: August 05, 2018, 02:40:01 pm »
« edited: August 05, 2018, 08:34:11 pm by Lumine »

1792 Pennsylvania and Westsylvania By-Elections:


Ten seats for the National Assembly up for grabs in unprecedented election

1.- Turn: This by-election campaign lasts for the months of January, February and March 1792, the outcome being released on the first week of April. You will have exactly 72 hours to decide whether to stand and campaign for the various offices up for grabs, at which point the results will be announced - that means Wednesday night). Up for election are the Westsylvania (2) and Pennsylvania (8 ) seats to the National Assembly, plus Governor and State Legislature in Westsylvania.
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Not_A_Man
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« Reply #1 on: August 05, 2018, 10:08:13 pm »

The Patriot Party will stand in both Westsylvania districts, as well as for the offices of Governor and State Legislature in Westsylvania.
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« Reply #2 on: August 05, 2018, 10:10:42 pm »
« Edited: August 06, 2018, 12:08:04 am by sjoyce »

The Farmers' Party shall stand in all elections in Westsylvania, as well as for two seats in Pennsylvania.

For Governor of Westsylvania: Mr. David Bradford
For the northern seat: Rev. Herman Husband
For the southern seat: Mr. Levi Morgan

In Pennsylvania: Mr. William Petrikin and Mr. James McLene.
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« Reply #3 on: August 05, 2018, 11:25:05 pm »

The Radicals shall stand 4 candidates in the Pennsylvania by-elections:

Mr. Richard Bache
Mr. Alexander J. Dallas, Esq.
Mr. Thomas McKean, Esq.
Gen. Edward Hand

Additionally, the Radicals shall stand for the State Legislature in Westsylvania.
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Unconditional Surrender Truman
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« Reply #4 on: August 06, 2018, 05:48:06 pm »

The Whig Party will stand the following candidates for the National Assembly in Pennsylvania:

Mr. Richard Bache
Dr. Benjamin Rush
Mr. Alexander James Dallas, Esq.
Mr. Thomas McKean, Esq.
Gen. Edward Hand

They will likewise stand candidates for the Westsylvania legislature, incorporating the Radical slate.
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« Reply #5 on: August 06, 2018, 07:17:17 pm »
« Edited: August 06, 2018, 10:07:05 pm by JacksonHitchcock »

Deputy Frederick Muhlenburg's brother Peter will also stand in the Pennsylvanias election. While their Nephew John Andrew Shulze will stand for the state legislature of Westylvania.
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« Reply #6 on: August 06, 2018, 09:33:41 pm »
« Edited: August 06, 2018, 10:59:57 pm by terp40hitch »

Centre Party endorses Patriot candidates in Westylvainia and endorses Muhlenburg in Pennsylvainia
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« Reply #7 on: August 06, 2018, 10:59:32 pm »

The Federalists shall stand for all Westsylvanian elections, as well as four men in the Pennsylvania elections, including both Gouverneur and Robert Morris.
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« Reply #8 on: August 08, 2018, 11:54:51 am »

The Strategy for the Pennsylvanian Party in this election is to gain the votes of the German-Lutheran group which is the largest group in Pennsylvania with Frederick Muhlenburg and Peter Muhlenburg both being Lutheran ministers.
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« Reply #9 on: August 08, 2018, 08:02:10 pm »

Mr. Bache, and the rest of the Whig slate, travel the state building up support, following mostly on the path that Mr. Bache travelled last year in the previous by-election.

Specifically, they campaign on being the continuation of the Radical tradition and their upmost loyalty to the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, such as the success of getting reparations from the federal government for the loss of Westsylvania, the creation of the Philadelphia-Harrisburg Canal (which they all proposed should be named the Franklin Canal), and the promise of an established, prestigious military academy in Montgomery County.

Mr. Bache continued to invoke the memory of his father-in-law, and explained that Franklin, too, would have used this crossroad to work together with the Whigs, as now the people of Pennsylvania have a stronger voice in influencing the government, rather than having Nero Madison constantly betray the commonwealth with his power. Now, in union with the Whigs, the party has the upper hand in government, and will make sure no harm comes to the Commonwealth. He reminded crowds that the Federalists introduced a bill that took Pennsylvania's approval completely out of settling the Westsylvania crisis, while the Radical-Whigs worked to make sure that Pennsylvania was properly compensated for the brutal loss of land. Bache warned that G. Morris continues to pride himself on writing that indefensible bill, and that, through the legislation he and his party have introduced in Congress, pledges his loyalty to the Federal government and not the people of Pennsylvania. 

Sally Bache led meetings of the Ladies Association of Philadelphia to further discuss campaign strategy, such as rudimentary signs and distribution of pamphlets throughout the Philadelphia and Delaware county areas. This early campaign team even begins knocking on the doors of middle-class folks encouraging their heads to vote for the Radical-Whig slate, to ensure that their interests are represented and respected in Congress.

Dr. Rush heads his campaign through his contacts at the University of Pennsylvania, and reaching out to graduated students to support the campaign. He also uses the Pennsylvania Abolition Society to reach out to members to support the campaign.

Mr. Dallas frequently invokes his trust in the late Governor Mifflin, who had trusted him as his right-hand man to oversee many of the Commonwealth's affairs during his administration, which he claims reveals himself to be a loyal servant of the Commonwealth. He also attacks Morris for his national bank plan, which he calls "disastrous for Pennsylvania's economic stability," and instead supports a smaller, less monied independent treasury. He warns that Morris's plan would only lead power to stem away from the people of Pennsylvania and toward the pockets of the extravagantly wealthy, such as Morris himself.

Mr. McKean travels the state, particularly to the north and east, and explains his great service to the Commonwealth as a Justice, and promises to continue serving the Commonwealth if elected to Congress. He also takes time to attack the Pennsylvanian party, which he claims is both a puppet of the Republicans meant to tarnish the image of Pennsylvania so that Madison may exert his will over it, as well as a political arm for the ambitions of the Muhlenberg family, seeking to earn power rather than serve the people. He explains that the Muhlenburgs family totally controls the party infrastructure, making it impossible for anyone to change its policies unless they are a member of said family. He contrasts this with the Radical-Whig party, which is open to all men willing to fight for liberty.

Gen. Hand travels the southern part of the state, particularly Lancaster and York counties. He reminds audiences of his service to the nation during the Revolution, and particularly that in the defense of the Commonwealth. He explains how the Whig party shall protect the interests of all religious minorities, be it Dutch, Quaker, or Lutheran, and will oppose the growth of the Federal government, which he explains is a natural threat to all liberty. He contrasts this with the Federalists, who he explains seek solely to strength the Federal government at the expense of the liberty of the people.
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« Reply #10 on: August 08, 2018, 09:48:08 pm »

The Democratic-Republicans run 8 candidates in Pennsylvania.
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« Reply #11 on: August 08, 2018, 10:44:32 pm »
« Edited: August 08, 2018, 11:09:20 pm by sjoyce »

The Farmers’ candidates in Pennsylvania shall focus primarily on the western portion of the state, particularly around Mr. Petrikin’s hometown of Carlisle and Mr. McLene’s hometown of Chambersburg. Mr. McLene shall particularly emphasize how the Radical (now Whig) government’s decision deprived Chambersburg of its potential as the state’s capital, while Mr. Petrikin shall focus on the more northern and western regions of the state.

In Westsylvania, candidates shall emphasize the role of members of the Farmers' Party in securing the state's existence, and the willingness of party leader Wilkinson to face prison for advocating for the state. No other party has demonstrated a commitment to the people of Westsylvania in the way the Farmers have. Our commitment to continued westward expansion and our dedication to a limited government, including our role in securing the Declaration of Rights, shall be points of emphasis.
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« Reply #12 on: August 08, 2018, 10:56:02 pm »

Morris shall present the Hamiltonian platform of growth and stability to the people of Pennsylvania and Westsylvania.

Topics that shall be emphasized are the Hamiltonian's conciliatory role in the Westsylvania secession movement, Hamilton's leadership in ending the state's open war, and the Hamiltonian desire to hear the voice of the people in regards to the state's future.

It shall also be emphasized that the Hamiltonians are the only faction that has consistently supported our military, including its expansion and maintaining to keep the Western Frontiers safe -- a topic that shall be especially emphasized in Westsylvania.

The Hamiltonian's fiscal prudence shall also be stressed, noting the party's dedication to solving national financial issues as other parties have proven too weak to address the issue. If Pennsylvanians and Westsylvanians want politicians that get things done and fight for the tough issues, they shall support the Hamiltonians.
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Lumine
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« Reply #13 on: August 09, 2018, 12:51:48 am »

1792 BY-ELECTIONS

FINAL RESULTS:


NATIONAL ASSEMBLY:

Federalist: 20
Whig: 14
Republican: 13
Patriot: 10
Farmers: 6
Centre: 3
Tory: 2
Pennsylvanian: 2

Government Majority: -4 (33 out of 70 seats)

SENATE:

Federalist: 12
Whig: 7
Republican: 7
Patriot: 5
Farmers: 3

Government Majority: Tie (17 out of 34 seats)

GOVERNORS:

Federalist: 5
Whig: 5
Republican: 3
Farmers: 3
Patriot: 1

OVERVIEW:

With no less than ten seats available and a decisive test ahead of the new party system, Pennsylvania and Westsylvania had their campaigns gravitate over the new alliances created by the formation of new parties, particularly in light of what became the issue of the campaign: the Whig-Radical alliance. Conceived perhaps as an apparent tactical masterstroke, Mr. Bache wasted no time in touring Pennsylvania alongside his candidates to make his own points about the merits of having suddenly entered government and intending to draw the line by rallying the new Radical Whigs as standing up against Federalist tyranny. While such a strategy had its merits and Bache fought tirelessly, it was broadly believed that jumping into the Madison government - and sharing a coalition with Wilkinson - mere weeks after the end of martial law was just too big a leap for many Pennsylvanians to justify or accept.

Indeed, a substantial part of the state turned against the Radicals as some state legislators confirmed their defections into sitting as independents, and the divisions inside the now pro-Government forces (which on paper should have been a large majority based on Radical voters) became even stronger with the fielding of a full Republican slate and of two Farmers candidates as well, a total of 15 pro-coalition candidates against a mere 6 of the opposition. The Federalists managed to benefit from not being strongly identified with either side of the debate, and due to sheer voting division and chaos managed to get their slate elected with only a dozen votes pushing their final candidate. With the division within the government neither the Farmers nor the Republicans prospered, and while Mr. Bache won reelection handidly only one of his fellow candidates managed to be elected with him.

Perhaps the biggest irony of the entire by-election was that Frederick Muhlenberg, having achieved a terrible result at the Governor election months ago, experienced a sudden turn of fortune. Having abandoned the Government to set up a party which purported to defend keeping the capital in Philadelphia, Muhlenberg found himself in the unbelievable position of looking as the more pro-Pennsylvania candidate opposed on the ongoing debate over the Whigs. The subsequent swing of anti-government and German Pennsylvanian voters set him and his brother into the National Assembly. Westsylvania was filled with surprises as well, as the Farmers suddenly found themselves in the awkward position of sharing the government with the former Radicals - who, needless to say, were not beloved in the recently separated areas -. The effective campaign of Wilkinson and his party saw them win the Governorship and the northern area of Westsylvania, only to be dealt a surprise and narrow defeat in the south of the state (the former Virginian territory) against the Patriots.

With a state legislature featuring a Farmers strong plurality but with a significant Patriot and Federalist group (and a minor number of Whigs) Wilkinson's followers easily sent a new Senator to Baltimore, but had to settle for a Patriot Senator going with him as well. The tie in the Senate was kept, but the loss of Farmer/Whig seats in against Federalist, Pennsylvanian and Patriot gains signaled the end of the government majority: as mid 1792 approached, the coalition was now four seats short of a majority.
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