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U.S. Presidential Election Process - The Electoral CollegeThe process for U.S Presidential Elections is defined by the United States Constitution and United States Code. Below are descriptions that summarize this process.
- Information on the Electoral College and the process for choosing the President - below are excerpts from the Jackson County, MO Election Board publication
- A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College - from The National Archives and Records Administration
Relevant Provisions of the U.S. Constitution and Federal Law
- Constitution of the United States
- Article 2 Section 1 - establishes the office of President and Vice President, length of term, process for election, and more.
- Amendment XII - redefines the process for electing the President. Supercedes part of Article 2 Section 1.
- Amendment XIV - Section 3 prohibits members of government at various levels from becoming President if they engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the Constitution that they had sworn an oath to.
- Amendment XV - prohibits denial of the the right to vote on the basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
- Amendment XIX - prohibits denial of the right to vote on the basis of gender. This amendment gave women the right to vote.
- Amendment XX - sets a new start date for the presidential term and clairfies the process in case of the death of the President-elect before taking office.
- Amendment XXII - sets term limits of the office of the presidency.
- Amendment XXIII - grants the District of Columbia the right to three electors in the presidential election.
- Amendment XXIV - prohibits denial of the right to vote on the basis of failure to pay a poll tax.
- Amendment XXV - further clarification on the presidential line-of-succession and establishes rules if the President is unable to perform his duties while in office.
- Amendment XXVI - prohibits denial of the right to vote on the basis of age (18 years or older). This amendment changed the voting age from 21 to 18.
- United States Code
- United States Code - Chapter 1 of Title 3 - provisions of law governing Presidential Elections and Vacancies.
February 17, 2001 - by David Leip
January 29, 2001 - by David Leip
September 25, 2001 - by David Leip
February 8, 2004 - New York Times - by Tom Zeller
August 25, 2004 - by David Leip
November 3, 2004 - by David Leip
New York Times 2004 Election Series - Reprinted with Permission from the New York Times
May 12, 2004 - New York Times - by Adam Nagourney
July 4, 2004 - New York Times - by James Dao
July 9, 2004 - New York Times - by Adam Nagourney
July 20, 2004 - New York Times - by Rick Lyman
August 8, 2004 - New York Times - by David Rosenbaum
August 15, 2004 - New York Times - by Monica Davey
August 24, 2004 - New York Times - by Katharine Q. Seelye
August 27, 2004 - New York Times - by Sarah Kershaw
September 19, 2004 - New York Times - by Diane Cardwell
October 13, 2004 - New York Times - by James Dao
October 31, 2004 - New York Times - by John Tierney
October 31, 2004 - New York Times - by Abby Goodnough and Don Van Natta
July 13, 2013 - by Steve Kamp